[v2,2/2] PCI: pciehp: Prevent deadlock on disconnect
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Message ID 20190812143133.75319-2-mika.westerberg@linux.intel.com
State New
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Series
  • [v2,1/2] PCI: pciehp: Do not disable interrupt twice on suspend
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Commit Message

Mika Westerberg Aug. 12, 2019, 2:31 p.m. UTC
If there are more than one PCIe switch with hotplug downstream ports
hot-removing them leads to a following deadlock:

 INFO: task irq/126-pciehp:198 blocked for more than 120 seconds.
 "echo 0 > /proc/sys/kernel/hung_task_timeout_secs" disables this message.
 irq/126-pciehp  D    0   198      2 0x80000000
 Call Trace:
  __schedule+0x2a2/0x880
  schedule+0x2c/0x80
  schedule_timeout+0x246/0x350
  ? ttwu_do_activate+0x67/0x90
  wait_for_completion+0xb7/0x140
  ? wake_up_q+0x80/0x80
  kthread_stop+0x49/0x110
  __free_irq+0x15c/0x2a0
  free_irq+0x32/0x70
  pcie_shutdown_notification+0x2f/0x50
  pciehp_remove+0x27/0x50
  pcie_port_remove_service+0x36/0x50
  device_release_driver_internal+0x18c/0x250
  device_release_driver+0x12/0x20
  bus_remove_device+0xec/0x160
  device_del+0x13b/0x350
  ? pcie_port_find_device+0x60/0x60
  device_unregister+0x1a/0x60
  remove_iter+0x1e/0x30
  device_for_each_child+0x56/0x90
  pcie_port_device_remove+0x22/0x40
  pcie_portdrv_remove+0x20/0x60
  pci_device_remove+0x3e/0xc0
  device_release_driver_internal+0x18c/0x250
  device_release_driver+0x12/0x20
  pci_stop_bus_device+0x6f/0x90
  pci_stop_bus_device+0x31/0x90
  pci_stop_and_remove_bus_device+0x12/0x20
  pciehp_unconfigure_device+0x88/0x140
  pciehp_disable_slot+0x6a/0x110
  pciehp_handle_presence_or_link_change+0x263/0x400
  pciehp_ist+0x1c9/0x1d0
  ? irq_forced_thread_fn+0x80/0x80
  irq_thread_fn+0x24/0x60
  irq_thread+0xeb/0x190
  ? irq_thread_fn+0x60/0x60
  kthread+0x120/0x140
  ? irq_thread_check_affinity+0xf0/0xf0
  ? kthread_park+0x90/0x90
  ret_from_fork+0x35/0x40
 INFO: task irq/190-pciehp:2288 blocked for more than 120 seconds.
 irq/190-pciehp  D    0  2288      2 0x80000000
 Call Trace:
  __schedule+0x2a2/0x880
  schedule+0x2c/0x80
  schedule_preempt_disabled+0xe/0x10
  __mutex_lock.isra.9+0x2e0/0x4d0
  ? __mutex_lock_slowpath+0x13/0x20
  __mutex_lock_slowpath+0x13/0x20
  mutex_lock+0x2c/0x30
  pci_lock_rescan_remove+0x15/0x20
  pciehp_unconfigure_device+0x4d/0x140
  pciehp_disable_slot+0x6a/0x110
  pciehp_handle_presence_or_link_change+0x263/0x400
  pciehp_ist+0x1c9/0x1d0
  ? irq_forced_thread_fn+0x80/0x80
  irq_thread_fn+0x24/0x60
  irq_thread+0xeb/0x190
  ? irq_thread_fn+0x60/0x60
  kthread+0x120/0x140
  ? irq_thread_check_affinity+0xf0/0xf0
  ? kthread_park+0x90/0x90
  ret_from_fork+0x35/0x40

What happens here is that the whole hierarchy is runtime resumed and the
parent PCIe downstream port, who got the hot-remove event, starts
removing devices below it taking pci_lock_rescan_remove() lock. When the
child PCIe port is runtime resumed it calls pciehp_check_presence()
which ends up calling pciehp_card_present() and pciehp_check_link_active().
Both of these read their parts of PCIe config space by calling helper
function pcie_capability_read_word(). Now, this function notices that
the underlying device is already gone and returns PCIBIOS_DEVICE_NOT_FOUND
with the capability value set to 0. When pciehp gets this value it
thinks that its child device is also hot-removed and schedules its IRQ
thread to handle the event.

The deadlock happens when the child's IRQ thread runs and tries to
acquire pci_lock_rescan_remove() which is already taken by the parent
and the parent waits for the child's IRQ thread to finish.

We can prevent this from happening by checking the return value of
pcie_capability_read_word() and if it is PCIBIOS_DEVICE_NOT_FOUND stop
performing any hot-removal activities.

Signed-off-by: Mika Westerberg <mika.westerberg@linux.intel.com>
---
No changes from the previous version.

 drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp.h      |  6 +++---
 drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp_core.c | 11 ++++++++---
 drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp_ctrl.c |  4 ++--
 drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp_hpc.c  | 32 +++++++++++++++++++++++--------
 4 files changed, 37 insertions(+), 16 deletions(-)

Comments

Sinan Kaya Aug. 19, 2019, 2:28 a.m. UTC | #1
On 8/12/2019 10:31 AM, Mika Westerberg wrote:
> +int pciehp_card_present_or_link_active(struct controller *ctrl)
>  {
> -	return pciehp_card_present(ctrl) || pciehp_check_link_active(ctrl);
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	ret = pciehp_card_present(ctrl);
> +	if (ret)
> +		return ret;
> +
> +	return pciehp_check_link_active(ctrl);

The semantics of this function changed here. Before it was checking for
either presence detect bit or link active bit. Now, it is looking to
have both set.

There are PCI controllers that won't report presence detect correctly,
but still report link active.

I think you want

if (ret < 0)
	return ret;

here to match the previous behavior while still handling device removal.
Mika Westerberg Aug. 19, 2019, 8:56 a.m. UTC | #2
On Sun, Aug 18, 2019 at 10:28:13PM -0400, Sinan Kaya wrote:
> On 8/12/2019 10:31 AM, Mika Westerberg wrote:
> > +int pciehp_card_present_or_link_active(struct controller *ctrl)
> >  {
> > -	return pciehp_card_present(ctrl) || pciehp_check_link_active(ctrl);
> > +	int ret;
> > +
> > +	ret = pciehp_card_present(ctrl);
> > +	if (ret)
> > +		return ret;
> > +
> > +	return pciehp_check_link_active(ctrl);
> 
> The semantics of this function changed here. Before it was checking for
> either presence detect bit or link active bit. Now, it is looking to
> have both set.

Hmm, maybe I haven't got enough coffee yet but I'm not sure I understand :)
The intention was that the above two are equivalent with the exception
of handling the possible error.

> There are PCI controllers that won't report presence detect correctly,
> but still report link active.

If that's the case then pciehp_card_present() returns false so we call
pciehp_check_link_active() which should work with those controllers.

What I'm missing here?
Sinan Kaya Aug. 19, 2019, 12:28 p.m. UTC | #3
On 8/19/2019 4:56 AM, Mika Westerberg wrote:
>> There are PCI controllers that won't report presence detect correctly,
>> but still report link active.
> If that's the case then pciehp_card_present() returns false so we call
> pciehp_check_link_active() which should work with those controllers.
> 
> What I'm missing here?
> 

You are right. I thought we'd somehow prematurely leave the function.
That's not the case.
Lukas Wunner Sept. 23, 2019, 5:34 a.m. UTC | #4
On Mon, Aug 12, 2019 at 05:31:33PM +0300, Mika Westerberg wrote:
> If there are more than one PCIe switch with hotplug downstream ports
> hot-removing them leads to a following deadlock:

For the record, I think my comments on v1 of this patch still apply:

https://patchwork.ozlabs.org/patch/1117870/#2230798
Mika Westerberg Sept. 23, 2019, 8:12 a.m. UTC | #5
Hi Lukas,

On Mon, Sep 23, 2019 at 07:34:03AM +0200, Lukas Wunner wrote:
> On Mon, Aug 12, 2019 at 05:31:33PM +0300, Mika Westerberg wrote:
> > If there are more than one PCIe switch with hotplug downstream ports
> > hot-removing them leads to a following deadlock:
> 
> For the record, I think my comments on v1 of this patch still apply:
> 
> https://patchwork.ozlabs.org/patch/1117870/#2230798

Well, so do I ;-)

As I tried to explain in v1 discussion, I think what we do here in this
patch is correct thing to do regardless. I mean once the hardware is
gone the driver should not do any decisions based on what it thinks it
reads from the now missing hardware. This also makes the deadlock
problem go away on all the system I've been testing. Where previously I
was able to reproduce the deadlock 100% reliably I have not seen it
happen once with this one applied (and haven't got reports from our
internal testing either).

Regarding suggestion of unbinding PCI drivers without
pci_lock_rescan_remove() hold, I haven't looked it too closely but I
think we need to take that lock anyway because when we are unbinding a
hotplug driver it is supposed to remove the hierarchy below touching the
shared structures, possibly concurrently. Unfortunately there is no
documentation what data pci_lock_rescan_remove() actually protects so
first one needs to understand that. I think one way to clean up this is
to use finer grained locking (with documented lock ordering) for PCI bus
structures that can be accessed simultaneusly by different threads. But
that is not a simple task.
Lukas Wunner Sept. 23, 2019, 8:28 a.m. UTC | #6
On Mon, Sep 23, 2019 at 11:12:37AM +0300, Mika Westerberg wrote:
> Regarding suggestion of unbinding PCI drivers without
> pci_lock_rescan_remove() hold, I haven't looked it too closely but I
> think we need to take that lock anyway because when we are unbinding a
> hotplug driver it is supposed to remove the hierarchy below touching the
> shared structures, possibly concurrently. Unfortunately there is no
> documentation what data pci_lock_rescan_remove() actually protects so
> first one needs to understand that. I think one way to clean up this is
> to use finer grained locking (with documented lock ordering) for PCI bus
> structures that can be accessed simultaneusly by different threads. But
> that is not a simple task.

Right.  I'm (still) working on that, albeit slowly as I'm caught up with
other stuff.

Thanks,

Lukas
Mika Westerberg Sept. 23, 2019, 8:28 a.m. UTC | #7
On Mon, Sep 23, 2019 at 11:12:42AM +0300, Mika Westerberg wrote:
> Regarding suggestion of unbinding PCI drivers without
> pci_lock_rescan_remove() hold, I haven't looked it too closely but I
> think we need to take that lock anyway because when we are unbinding a
> hotplug driver it is supposed to remove the hierarchy below touching the
> shared structures, possibly concurrently. Unfortunately there is no
> documentation what data pci_lock_rescan_remove() actually protects so
> first one needs to understand that. I think one way to clean up this is
> to use finer grained locking (with documented lock ordering) for PCI bus
> structures that can be accessed simultaneusly by different threads. But
> that is not a simple task.

Now that I looked more closely, I realized it actually is not supposed
to remove the hierarchy below so indeed it might be possible to do that
without taking pci_lock_rescan_remove().
Kai-Heng Feng Oct. 18, 2019, 7:10 a.m. UTC | #8
Hi Mika,

> On Sep 23, 2019, at 16:28, Mika Westerberg <mika.westerberg@linux.intel.com> wrote:
> 
> On Mon, Sep 23, 2019 at 11:12:42AM +0300, Mika Westerberg wrote:
>> Regarding suggestion of unbinding PCI drivers without
>> pci_lock_rescan_remove() hold, I haven't looked it too closely but I
>> think we need to take that lock anyway because when we are unbinding a
>> hotplug driver it is supposed to remove the hierarchy below touching the
>> shared structures, possibly concurrently. Unfortunately there is no
>> documentation what data pci_lock_rescan_remove() actually protects so
>> first one needs to understand that. I think one way to clean up this is
>> to use finer grained locking (with documented lock ordering) for PCI bus
>> structures that can be accessed simultaneusly by different threads. But
>> that is not a simple task.
> 
> Now that I looked more closely, I realized it actually is not supposed
> to remove the hierarchy below so indeed it might be possible to do that
> without taking pci_lock_rescan_remove().

This series fixes S3 resume hang when native PCIe TBT is connected to TBT dock.
Is there going to be a v3 of this series?

Anyway, please collect my tested-by tag,
Tested-by: Kai-Heng Feng <kai.heng.feng@canonical.com>

Kai-Heng
Bjorn Helgaas Oct. 22, 2019, 11 p.m. UTC | #9
On Mon, Aug 12, 2019 at 05:31:33PM +0300, Mika Westerberg wrote:
> If there are more than one PCIe switch with hotplug downstream ports
> hot-removing them leads to a following deadlock:
> 
>  INFO: task irq/126-pciehp:198 blocked for more than 120 seconds.
>  "echo 0 > /proc/sys/kernel/hung_task_timeout_secs" disables this message.
>  irq/126-pciehp  D    0   198      2 0x80000000
>  Call Trace:
>   __schedule+0x2a2/0x880
>   schedule+0x2c/0x80
>   schedule_timeout+0x246/0x350
>   ? ttwu_do_activate+0x67/0x90
>   wait_for_completion+0xb7/0x140
>   ? wake_up_q+0x80/0x80
>   kthread_stop+0x49/0x110
>   __free_irq+0x15c/0x2a0
>   free_irq+0x32/0x70
>   pcie_shutdown_notification+0x2f/0x50
>   pciehp_remove+0x27/0x50
>   pcie_port_remove_service+0x36/0x50
>   device_release_driver_internal+0x18c/0x250
>   device_release_driver+0x12/0x20
>   bus_remove_device+0xec/0x160
>   device_del+0x13b/0x350
>   ? pcie_port_find_device+0x60/0x60
>   device_unregister+0x1a/0x60
>   remove_iter+0x1e/0x30
>   device_for_each_child+0x56/0x90
>   pcie_port_device_remove+0x22/0x40
>   pcie_portdrv_remove+0x20/0x60
>   pci_device_remove+0x3e/0xc0
>   device_release_driver_internal+0x18c/0x250
>   device_release_driver+0x12/0x20
>   pci_stop_bus_device+0x6f/0x90
>   pci_stop_bus_device+0x31/0x90
>   pci_stop_and_remove_bus_device+0x12/0x20
>   pciehp_unconfigure_device+0x88/0x140
>   pciehp_disable_slot+0x6a/0x110
>   pciehp_handle_presence_or_link_change+0x263/0x400
>   pciehp_ist+0x1c9/0x1d0
>   ? irq_forced_thread_fn+0x80/0x80
>   irq_thread_fn+0x24/0x60
>   irq_thread+0xeb/0x190
>   ? irq_thread_fn+0x60/0x60
>   kthread+0x120/0x140
>   ? irq_thread_check_affinity+0xf0/0xf0
>   ? kthread_park+0x90/0x90
>   ret_from_fork+0x35/0x40
>  INFO: task irq/190-pciehp:2288 blocked for more than 120 seconds.
>  irq/190-pciehp  D    0  2288      2 0x80000000
>  Call Trace:
>   __schedule+0x2a2/0x880
>   schedule+0x2c/0x80
>   schedule_preempt_disabled+0xe/0x10
>   __mutex_lock.isra.9+0x2e0/0x4d0
>   ? __mutex_lock_slowpath+0x13/0x20
>   __mutex_lock_slowpath+0x13/0x20
>   mutex_lock+0x2c/0x30
>   pci_lock_rescan_remove+0x15/0x20
>   pciehp_unconfigure_device+0x4d/0x140
>   pciehp_disable_slot+0x6a/0x110
>   pciehp_handle_presence_or_link_change+0x263/0x400
>   pciehp_ist+0x1c9/0x1d0
>   ? irq_forced_thread_fn+0x80/0x80
>   irq_thread_fn+0x24/0x60
>   irq_thread+0xeb/0x190
>   ? irq_thread_fn+0x60/0x60
>   kthread+0x120/0x140
>   ? irq_thread_check_affinity+0xf0/0xf0
>   ? kthread_park+0x90/0x90
>   ret_from_fork+0x35/0x40
> 
> What happens here is that the whole hierarchy is runtime resumed and the
> parent PCIe downstream port, who got the hot-remove event, starts
> removing devices below it taking pci_lock_rescan_remove() lock. When the
> child PCIe port is runtime resumed it calls pciehp_check_presence()
> which ends up calling pciehp_card_present() and pciehp_check_link_active().
> Both of these read their parts of PCIe config space by calling helper
> function pcie_capability_read_word(). Now, this function notices that
> the underlying device is already gone and returns PCIBIOS_DEVICE_NOT_FOUND
> with the capability value set to 0. When pciehp gets this value it
> thinks that its child device is also hot-removed and schedules its IRQ
> thread to handle the event.

I can't remember if there was a reason why 8c0d3a02c130 ("PCI: Add
accessors for PCI Express Capability") reset *val to 0 if
pci_read_config_word() fails.  It doesn't seem like the right thing;
it seems like it would be better for it to be consistent with a plain
pci_read_config_word().

> The deadlock happens when the child's IRQ thread runs and tries to
> acquire pci_lock_rescan_remove() which is already taken by the parent
> and the parent waits for the child's IRQ thread to finish.
> 
> We can prevent this from happening by checking the return value of
> pcie_capability_read_word() and if it is PCIBIOS_DEVICE_NOT_FOUND stop
> performing any hot-removal activities.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Mika Westerberg <mika.westerberg@linux.intel.com>
> ---
> No changes from the previous version.
> 
>  drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp.h      |  6 +++---
>  drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp_core.c | 11 ++++++++---
>  drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp_ctrl.c |  4 ++--
>  drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp_hpc.c  | 32 +++++++++++++++++++++++--------
>  4 files changed, 37 insertions(+), 16 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp.h b/drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp.h
> index 8c51a04b8083..81c514ab9518 100644
> --- a/drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp.h
> +++ b/drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp.h
> @@ -173,10 +173,10 @@ int pciehp_query_power_fault(struct controller *ctrl);
>  void pciehp_green_led_on(struct controller *ctrl);
>  void pciehp_green_led_off(struct controller *ctrl);
>  void pciehp_green_led_blink(struct controller *ctrl);
> -bool pciehp_card_present(struct controller *ctrl);
> -bool pciehp_card_present_or_link_active(struct controller *ctrl);
> +int pciehp_card_present(struct controller *ctrl);
> +int pciehp_card_present_or_link_active(struct controller *ctrl);
>  int pciehp_check_link_status(struct controller *ctrl);
> -bool pciehp_check_link_active(struct controller *ctrl);
> +int pciehp_check_link_active(struct controller *ctrl);
>  void pciehp_release_ctrl(struct controller *ctrl);
>  
>  int pciehp_sysfs_enable_slot(struct hotplug_slot *hotplug_slot);
> diff --git a/drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp_core.c b/drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp_core.c
> index e9f82afa3773..4c032d75c874 100644
> --- a/drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp_core.c
> +++ b/drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp_core.c
> @@ -134,10 +134,15 @@ static int get_adapter_status(struct hotplug_slot *hotplug_slot, u8 *value)
>  {
>  	struct controller *ctrl = to_ctrl(hotplug_slot);
>  	struct pci_dev *pdev = ctrl->pcie->port;
> +	int ret;
>  
>  	pci_config_pm_runtime_get(pdev);
> -	*value = pciehp_card_present_or_link_active(ctrl);
> +	ret = pciehp_card_present_or_link_active(ctrl);
>  	pci_config_pm_runtime_put(pdev);
> +	if (ret < 0)
> +		return ret;
> +
> +	*value = ret;
>  	return 0;
>  }
>  
> @@ -153,13 +158,13 @@ static int get_adapter_status(struct hotplug_slot *hotplug_slot, u8 *value)
>   */
>  static void pciehp_check_presence(struct controller *ctrl)
>  {
> -	bool occupied;
> +	int occupied;
>  
>  	down_read(&ctrl->reset_lock);
>  	mutex_lock(&ctrl->state_lock);
>  
>  	occupied = pciehp_card_present_or_link_active(ctrl);
> -	if ((occupied && (ctrl->state == OFF_STATE ||
> +	if ((occupied > 0 && (ctrl->state == OFF_STATE ||
>  			  ctrl->state == BLINKINGON_STATE)) ||
>  	    (!occupied && (ctrl->state == ON_STATE ||
>  			   ctrl->state == BLINKINGOFF_STATE)))
> diff --git a/drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp_ctrl.c b/drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp_ctrl.c
> index 631ced0ab28a..5a433cc8621f 100644
> --- a/drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp_ctrl.c
> +++ b/drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp_ctrl.c
> @@ -221,7 +221,7 @@ void pciehp_handle_disable_request(struct controller *ctrl)
>  
>  void pciehp_handle_presence_or_link_change(struct controller *ctrl, u32 events)
>  {
> -	bool present, link_active;
> +	int present, link_active;
>  
>  	/*
>  	 * If the slot is on and presence or link has changed, turn it off.
> @@ -252,7 +252,7 @@ void pciehp_handle_presence_or_link_change(struct controller *ctrl, u32 events)
>  	mutex_lock(&ctrl->state_lock);
>  	present = pciehp_card_present(ctrl);
>  	link_active = pciehp_check_link_active(ctrl);
> -	if (!present && !link_active) {
> +	if (present <= 0 && link_active <= 0) {
>  		mutex_unlock(&ctrl->state_lock);
>  		return;
>  	}
> diff --git a/drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp_hpc.c b/drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp_hpc.c
> index bd990e3371e3..1f918b043adb 100644
> --- a/drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp_hpc.c
> +++ b/drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp_hpc.c
> @@ -201,13 +201,16 @@ static void pcie_write_cmd_nowait(struct controller *ctrl, u16 cmd, u16 mask)
>  	pcie_do_write_cmd(ctrl, cmd, mask, false);
>  }
>  
> -bool pciehp_check_link_active(struct controller *ctrl)
> +int pciehp_check_link_active(struct controller *ctrl)
>  {
>  	struct pci_dev *pdev = ctrl_dev(ctrl);
>  	u16 lnk_status;
> -	bool ret;
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	ret = pcie_capability_read_word(pdev, PCI_EXP_LNKSTA, &lnk_status);
> +	if (ret == PCIBIOS_DEVICE_NOT_FOUND)
> +		return -ENODEV;
>  
> -	pcie_capability_read_word(pdev, PCI_EXP_LNKSTA, &lnk_status);
>  	ret = !!(lnk_status & PCI_EXP_LNKSTA_DLLLA);
>  
>  	if (ret)
> @@ -373,13 +376,17 @@ void pciehp_get_latch_status(struct controller *ctrl, u8 *status)
>  	*status = !!(slot_status & PCI_EXP_SLTSTA_MRLSS);
>  }
>  
> -bool pciehp_card_present(struct controller *ctrl)
> +int pciehp_card_present(struct controller *ctrl)
>  {
>  	struct pci_dev *pdev = ctrl_dev(ctrl);
>  	u16 slot_status;
> +	int ret;
>  
> -	pcie_capability_read_word(pdev, PCI_EXP_SLTSTA, &slot_status);
> -	return slot_status & PCI_EXP_SLTSTA_PDS;
> +	ret = pcie_capability_read_word(pdev, PCI_EXP_SLTSTA, &slot_status);
> +	if (ret == PCIBIOS_DEVICE_NOT_FOUND)
> +		return -ENODEV;

Isn't this racy?

                                        # pdev is present
  pci_read_config_word
    if (pci_dev_is_disconnected(pdev))  # currently false
                                        # pdev is removed
    pci_bus_read_config_word            # fails, returns ~0
  slot_status = ~0

I think pci_read_config_word() checks pci_dev_is_disconnected() merely
as an optimization.  Obviously it can't guarantee that the subsequent
config access will succeed.

If pci_dev_is_disconnected() was false but the config read fails, I
think we'll get ~0 data and return 1, i.e., "PDS was set".

Shouldn't we check for slot_status being an error response (~0)
instead of looking for PCIBIOS_DEVICE_NOT_FOUND?  There are 7 RsvdP
bits in Slot Status, so ~0 is not a valid value for the register.

All 16 bits of Link Status are defined, but ~0 is still an invalid
value because the Current Link Speed and Negotiated Link Width fields
only define a few valid encodings.

> +	return !!(slot_status & PCI_EXP_SLTSTA_PDS);
>  }
>  
>  /**
> @@ -390,10 +397,19 @@ bool pciehp_card_present(struct controller *ctrl)
>   * Presence Detect State bit, this helper also returns true if the Link Active
>   * bit is set.  This is a concession to broken hotplug ports which hardwire
>   * Presence Detect State to zero, such as Wilocity's [1ae9:0200].
> + *
> + * Returns: %1 if the slot is occupied and %0 if it is not. If the hotplug
> + *	    port is not present anymore returns %-ENODEV.
>   */
> -bool pciehp_card_present_or_link_active(struct controller *ctrl)
> +int pciehp_card_present_or_link_active(struct controller *ctrl)
>  {
> -	return pciehp_card_present(ctrl) || pciehp_check_link_active(ctrl);
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	ret = pciehp_card_present(ctrl);
> +	if (ret)
> +		return ret;
> +
> +	return pciehp_check_link_active(ctrl);

The names of these functions seem misleading to me: all they can
really tell us is "the card *was* present" or "the link *was* active"
at some time in the past.  But the names make it so tempting to
pretend that "the card *is* present" or "the link *is* active", and
that may no longer be true.

I think names like "pciehp_card_absent()" and "pciehp_link_down()"
would make it easier to think about these situations.

>  }
>  
>  int pciehp_query_power_fault(struct controller *ctrl)
> -- 
> 2.20.1
>
Mika Westerberg Oct. 23, 2019, 7:52 a.m. UTC | #10
On Tue, Oct 22, 2019 at 06:00:06PM -0500, Bjorn Helgaas wrote:
> On Mon, Aug 12, 2019 at 05:31:33PM +0300, Mika Westerberg wrote:
> > If there are more than one PCIe switch with hotplug downstream ports
> > hot-removing them leads to a following deadlock:
> > 
> >  INFO: task irq/126-pciehp:198 blocked for more than 120 seconds.
> >  "echo 0 > /proc/sys/kernel/hung_task_timeout_secs" disables this message.
> >  irq/126-pciehp  D    0   198      2 0x80000000
> >  Call Trace:
> >   __schedule+0x2a2/0x880
> >   schedule+0x2c/0x80
> >   schedule_timeout+0x246/0x350
> >   ? ttwu_do_activate+0x67/0x90
> >   wait_for_completion+0xb7/0x140
> >   ? wake_up_q+0x80/0x80
> >   kthread_stop+0x49/0x110
> >   __free_irq+0x15c/0x2a0
> >   free_irq+0x32/0x70
> >   pcie_shutdown_notification+0x2f/0x50
> >   pciehp_remove+0x27/0x50
> >   pcie_port_remove_service+0x36/0x50
> >   device_release_driver_internal+0x18c/0x250
> >   device_release_driver+0x12/0x20
> >   bus_remove_device+0xec/0x160
> >   device_del+0x13b/0x350
> >   ? pcie_port_find_device+0x60/0x60
> >   device_unregister+0x1a/0x60
> >   remove_iter+0x1e/0x30
> >   device_for_each_child+0x56/0x90
> >   pcie_port_device_remove+0x22/0x40
> >   pcie_portdrv_remove+0x20/0x60
> >   pci_device_remove+0x3e/0xc0
> >   device_release_driver_internal+0x18c/0x250
> >   device_release_driver+0x12/0x20
> >   pci_stop_bus_device+0x6f/0x90
> >   pci_stop_bus_device+0x31/0x90
> >   pci_stop_and_remove_bus_device+0x12/0x20
> >   pciehp_unconfigure_device+0x88/0x140
> >   pciehp_disable_slot+0x6a/0x110
> >   pciehp_handle_presence_or_link_change+0x263/0x400
> >   pciehp_ist+0x1c9/0x1d0
> >   ? irq_forced_thread_fn+0x80/0x80
> >   irq_thread_fn+0x24/0x60
> >   irq_thread+0xeb/0x190
> >   ? irq_thread_fn+0x60/0x60
> >   kthread+0x120/0x140
> >   ? irq_thread_check_affinity+0xf0/0xf0
> >   ? kthread_park+0x90/0x90
> >   ret_from_fork+0x35/0x40
> >  INFO: task irq/190-pciehp:2288 blocked for more than 120 seconds.
> >  irq/190-pciehp  D    0  2288      2 0x80000000
> >  Call Trace:
> >   __schedule+0x2a2/0x880
> >   schedule+0x2c/0x80
> >   schedule_preempt_disabled+0xe/0x10
> >   __mutex_lock.isra.9+0x2e0/0x4d0
> >   ? __mutex_lock_slowpath+0x13/0x20
> >   __mutex_lock_slowpath+0x13/0x20
> >   mutex_lock+0x2c/0x30
> >   pci_lock_rescan_remove+0x15/0x20
> >   pciehp_unconfigure_device+0x4d/0x140
> >   pciehp_disable_slot+0x6a/0x110
> >   pciehp_handle_presence_or_link_change+0x263/0x400
> >   pciehp_ist+0x1c9/0x1d0
> >   ? irq_forced_thread_fn+0x80/0x80
> >   irq_thread_fn+0x24/0x60
> >   irq_thread+0xeb/0x190
> >   ? irq_thread_fn+0x60/0x60
> >   kthread+0x120/0x140
> >   ? irq_thread_check_affinity+0xf0/0xf0
> >   ? kthread_park+0x90/0x90
> >   ret_from_fork+0x35/0x40
> > 
> > What happens here is that the whole hierarchy is runtime resumed and the
> > parent PCIe downstream port, who got the hot-remove event, starts
> > removing devices below it taking pci_lock_rescan_remove() lock. When the
> > child PCIe port is runtime resumed it calls pciehp_check_presence()
> > which ends up calling pciehp_card_present() and pciehp_check_link_active().
> > Both of these read their parts of PCIe config space by calling helper
> > function pcie_capability_read_word(). Now, this function notices that
> > the underlying device is already gone and returns PCIBIOS_DEVICE_NOT_FOUND
> > with the capability value set to 0. When pciehp gets this value it
> > thinks that its child device is also hot-removed and schedules its IRQ
> > thread to handle the event.
> 
> I can't remember if there was a reason why 8c0d3a02c130 ("PCI: Add
> accessors for PCI Express Capability") reset *val to 0 if
> pci_read_config_word() fails.  It doesn't seem like the right thing;
> it seems like it would be better for it to be consistent with a plain
> pci_read_config_word().
> 
> > The deadlock happens when the child's IRQ thread runs and tries to
> > acquire pci_lock_rescan_remove() which is already taken by the parent
> > and the parent waits for the child's IRQ thread to finish.
> > 
> > We can prevent this from happening by checking the return value of
> > pcie_capability_read_word() and if it is PCIBIOS_DEVICE_NOT_FOUND stop
> > performing any hot-removal activities.
> > 
> > Signed-off-by: Mika Westerberg <mika.westerberg@linux.intel.com>
> > ---
> > No changes from the previous version.
> > 
> >  drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp.h      |  6 +++---
> >  drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp_core.c | 11 ++++++++---
> >  drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp_ctrl.c |  4 ++--
> >  drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp_hpc.c  | 32 +++++++++++++++++++++++--------
> >  4 files changed, 37 insertions(+), 16 deletions(-)
> > 
> > diff --git a/drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp.h b/drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp.h
> > index 8c51a04b8083..81c514ab9518 100644
> > --- a/drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp.h
> > +++ b/drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp.h
> > @@ -173,10 +173,10 @@ int pciehp_query_power_fault(struct controller *ctrl);
> >  void pciehp_green_led_on(struct controller *ctrl);
> >  void pciehp_green_led_off(struct controller *ctrl);
> >  void pciehp_green_led_blink(struct controller *ctrl);
> > -bool pciehp_card_present(struct controller *ctrl);
> > -bool pciehp_card_present_or_link_active(struct controller *ctrl);
> > +int pciehp_card_present(struct controller *ctrl);
> > +int pciehp_card_present_or_link_active(struct controller *ctrl);
> >  int pciehp_check_link_status(struct controller *ctrl);
> > -bool pciehp_check_link_active(struct controller *ctrl);
> > +int pciehp_check_link_active(struct controller *ctrl);
> >  void pciehp_release_ctrl(struct controller *ctrl);
> >  
> >  int pciehp_sysfs_enable_slot(struct hotplug_slot *hotplug_slot);
> > diff --git a/drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp_core.c b/drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp_core.c
> > index e9f82afa3773..4c032d75c874 100644
> > --- a/drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp_core.c
> > +++ b/drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp_core.c
> > @@ -134,10 +134,15 @@ static int get_adapter_status(struct hotplug_slot *hotplug_slot, u8 *value)
> >  {
> >  	struct controller *ctrl = to_ctrl(hotplug_slot);
> >  	struct pci_dev *pdev = ctrl->pcie->port;
> > +	int ret;
> >  
> >  	pci_config_pm_runtime_get(pdev);
> > -	*value = pciehp_card_present_or_link_active(ctrl);
> > +	ret = pciehp_card_present_or_link_active(ctrl);
> >  	pci_config_pm_runtime_put(pdev);
> > +	if (ret < 0)
> > +		return ret;
> > +
> > +	*value = ret;
> >  	return 0;
> >  }
> >  
> > @@ -153,13 +158,13 @@ static int get_adapter_status(struct hotplug_slot *hotplug_slot, u8 *value)
> >   */
> >  static void pciehp_check_presence(struct controller *ctrl)
> >  {
> > -	bool occupied;
> > +	int occupied;
> >  
> >  	down_read(&ctrl->reset_lock);
> >  	mutex_lock(&ctrl->state_lock);
> >  
> >  	occupied = pciehp_card_present_or_link_active(ctrl);
> > -	if ((occupied && (ctrl->state == OFF_STATE ||
> > +	if ((occupied > 0 && (ctrl->state == OFF_STATE ||
> >  			  ctrl->state == BLINKINGON_STATE)) ||
> >  	    (!occupied && (ctrl->state == ON_STATE ||
> >  			   ctrl->state == BLINKINGOFF_STATE)))
> > diff --git a/drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp_ctrl.c b/drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp_ctrl.c
> > index 631ced0ab28a..5a433cc8621f 100644
> > --- a/drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp_ctrl.c
> > +++ b/drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp_ctrl.c
> > @@ -221,7 +221,7 @@ void pciehp_handle_disable_request(struct controller *ctrl)
> >  
> >  void pciehp_handle_presence_or_link_change(struct controller *ctrl, u32 events)
> >  {
> > -	bool present, link_active;
> > +	int present, link_active;
> >  
> >  	/*
> >  	 * If the slot is on and presence or link has changed, turn it off.
> > @@ -252,7 +252,7 @@ void pciehp_handle_presence_or_link_change(struct controller *ctrl, u32 events)
> >  	mutex_lock(&ctrl->state_lock);
> >  	present = pciehp_card_present(ctrl);
> >  	link_active = pciehp_check_link_active(ctrl);
> > -	if (!present && !link_active) {
> > +	if (present <= 0 && link_active <= 0) {
> >  		mutex_unlock(&ctrl->state_lock);
> >  		return;
> >  	}
> > diff --git a/drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp_hpc.c b/drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp_hpc.c
> > index bd990e3371e3..1f918b043adb 100644
> > --- a/drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp_hpc.c
> > +++ b/drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp_hpc.c
> > @@ -201,13 +201,16 @@ static void pcie_write_cmd_nowait(struct controller *ctrl, u16 cmd, u16 mask)
> >  	pcie_do_write_cmd(ctrl, cmd, mask, false);
> >  }
> >  
> > -bool pciehp_check_link_active(struct controller *ctrl)
> > +int pciehp_check_link_active(struct controller *ctrl)
> >  {
> >  	struct pci_dev *pdev = ctrl_dev(ctrl);
> >  	u16 lnk_status;
> > -	bool ret;
> > +	int ret;
> > +
> > +	ret = pcie_capability_read_word(pdev, PCI_EXP_LNKSTA, &lnk_status);
> > +	if (ret == PCIBIOS_DEVICE_NOT_FOUND)
> > +		return -ENODEV;
> >  
> > -	pcie_capability_read_word(pdev, PCI_EXP_LNKSTA, &lnk_status);
> >  	ret = !!(lnk_status & PCI_EXP_LNKSTA_DLLLA);
> >  
> >  	if (ret)
> > @@ -373,13 +376,17 @@ void pciehp_get_latch_status(struct controller *ctrl, u8 *status)
> >  	*status = !!(slot_status & PCI_EXP_SLTSTA_MRLSS);
> >  }
> >  
> > -bool pciehp_card_present(struct controller *ctrl)
> > +int pciehp_card_present(struct controller *ctrl)
> >  {
> >  	struct pci_dev *pdev = ctrl_dev(ctrl);
> >  	u16 slot_status;
> > +	int ret;
> >  
> > -	pcie_capability_read_word(pdev, PCI_EXP_SLTSTA, &slot_status);
> > -	return slot_status & PCI_EXP_SLTSTA_PDS;
> > +	ret = pcie_capability_read_word(pdev, PCI_EXP_SLTSTA, &slot_status);
> > +	if (ret == PCIBIOS_DEVICE_NOT_FOUND)
> > +		return -ENODEV;
> 
> Isn't this racy?
> 
>                                         # pdev is present
>   pci_read_config_word
>     if (pci_dev_is_disconnected(pdev))  # currently false
>                                         # pdev is removed
>     pci_bus_read_config_word            # fails, returns ~0
>   slot_status = ~0
> 
> I think pci_read_config_word() checks pci_dev_is_disconnected() merely
> as an optimization.  Obviously it can't guarantee that the subsequent
> config access will succeed.
> 
> If pci_dev_is_disconnected() was false but the config read fails, I
> think we'll get ~0 data and return 1, i.e., "PDS was set".

Yes, it is racy. If a device can be hot-removed by user anytime we would
need to check each and every access and based on that stop touching the
hardware. That of course affects performance.

However, in practise this situation happens almost always when the
chained child hotplug port is resumed after the parent hotplug port
notices the downstream link is down. So first access to the now missing
hardware returns ~0 for the child in its resume hook.

> Shouldn't we check for slot_status being an error response (~0)
> instead of looking for PCIBIOS_DEVICE_NOT_FOUND?  There are 7 RsvdP
> bits in Slot Status, so ~0 is not a valid value for the register.
> 
> All 16 bits of Link Status are defined, but ~0 is still an invalid
> value because the Current Link Speed and Negotiated Link Width fields
> only define a few valid encodings.

Indeed that's a good point. I'll try that.

> > +	return !!(slot_status & PCI_EXP_SLTSTA_PDS);
> >  }
> >  
> >  /**
> > @@ -390,10 +397,19 @@ bool pciehp_card_present(struct controller *ctrl)
> >   * Presence Detect State bit, this helper also returns true if the Link Active
> >   * bit is set.  This is a concession to broken hotplug ports which hardwire
> >   * Presence Detect State to zero, such as Wilocity's [1ae9:0200].
> > + *
> > + * Returns: %1 if the slot is occupied and %0 if it is not. If the hotplug
> > + *	    port is not present anymore returns %-ENODEV.
> >   */
> > -bool pciehp_card_present_or_link_active(struct controller *ctrl)
> > +int pciehp_card_present_or_link_active(struct controller *ctrl)
> >  {
> > -	return pciehp_card_present(ctrl) || pciehp_check_link_active(ctrl);
> > +	int ret;
> > +
> > +	ret = pciehp_card_present(ctrl);
> > +	if (ret)
> > +		return ret;
> > +
> > +	return pciehp_check_link_active(ctrl);
> 
> The names of these functions seem misleading to me: all they can
> really tell us is "the card *was* present" or "the link *was* active"
> at some time in the past.  But the names make it so tempting to
> pretend that "the card *is* present" or "the link *is* active", and
> that may no longer be true.
> 
> I think names like "pciehp_card_absent()" and "pciehp_link_down()"
> would make it easier to think about these situations.

Fair enough. I'll create a separate patch for renaming them.
Mika Westerberg Oct. 24, 2019, 9:38 a.m. UTC | #11
On Wed, Oct 23, 2019 at 10:52:53AM +0300, Mika Westerberg wrote:
> > Shouldn't we check for slot_status being an error response (~0)
> > instead of looking for PCIBIOS_DEVICE_NOT_FOUND?  There are 7 RsvdP
> > bits in Slot Status, so ~0 is not a valid value for the register.
> > 
> > All 16 bits of Link Status are defined, but ~0 is still an invalid
> > value because the Current Link Speed and Negotiated Link Width fields
> > only define a few valid encodings.
> 
> Indeed that's a good point. I'll try that.

Just checking if I understand correctly what you are suggesting.

Currently we use pcie_capability_read_word() and check the return value.
If the device is gone it returns an error and resets *val to 0. That
only works if pci_dev_is_disconnected() is true so we would need to do
something like below.

pciehp_check_link_active():

	ret = pcie_capability_read_word(pdev, PCI_EXP_LNKSTA, &lnk_status);
	if (ret == PCIBIOS_DEVICE_NOT_FOUND || lnk_status == (u16)~0)
		return -ENODEV;

Or you mean that we check only for ~0 in which case we either need to
use pci_read_config_word() directly here or modify pcie_capability_read_word()
return ~0 instead of clearing it?
Bjorn Helgaas Oct. 24, 2019, 5:11 p.m. UTC | #12
On Thu, Oct 24, 2019 at 12:38:03PM +0300, Mika Westerberg wrote:
> On Wed, Oct 23, 2019 at 10:52:53AM +0300, Mika Westerberg wrote:
> > > Shouldn't we check for slot_status being an error response (~0)
> > > instead of looking for PCIBIOS_DEVICE_NOT_FOUND?  There are 7 RsvdP
> > > bits in Slot Status, so ~0 is not a valid value for the register.
> > > 
> > > All 16 bits of Link Status are defined, but ~0 is still an invalid
> > > value because the Current Link Speed and Negotiated Link Width fields
> > > only define a few valid encodings.
> > 
> > Indeed that's a good point. I'll try that.
> 
> Just checking if I understand correctly what you are suggesting.
> 
> Currently we use pcie_capability_read_word() and check the return value.
> If the device is gone it returns an error and resets *val to 0. That
> only works if pci_dev_is_disconnected() is true so we would need to do
> something like below.
> 
> pciehp_check_link_active():
> 
> 	ret = pcie_capability_read_word(pdev, PCI_EXP_LNKSTA, &lnk_status);
> 	if (ret == PCIBIOS_DEVICE_NOT_FOUND || lnk_status == (u16)~0)
> 		return -ENODEV;

Yes, I guess this is what you'd have to do.

> Or you mean that we check only for ~0 in which case we either need to
> use pci_read_config_word() directly here or modify pcie_capability_read_word()
> return ~0 instead of clearing it?

I *would* like to explore removing the "*val = 0" code from
pci_capability_read*(), but not in the context of this issue.

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp.h b/drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp.h
index 8c51a04b8083..81c514ab9518 100644
--- a/drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp.h
+++ b/drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp.h
@@ -173,10 +173,10 @@  int pciehp_query_power_fault(struct controller *ctrl);
 void pciehp_green_led_on(struct controller *ctrl);
 void pciehp_green_led_off(struct controller *ctrl);
 void pciehp_green_led_blink(struct controller *ctrl);
-bool pciehp_card_present(struct controller *ctrl);
-bool pciehp_card_present_or_link_active(struct controller *ctrl);
+int pciehp_card_present(struct controller *ctrl);
+int pciehp_card_present_or_link_active(struct controller *ctrl);
 int pciehp_check_link_status(struct controller *ctrl);
-bool pciehp_check_link_active(struct controller *ctrl);
+int pciehp_check_link_active(struct controller *ctrl);
 void pciehp_release_ctrl(struct controller *ctrl);
 
 int pciehp_sysfs_enable_slot(struct hotplug_slot *hotplug_slot);
diff --git a/drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp_core.c b/drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp_core.c
index e9f82afa3773..4c032d75c874 100644
--- a/drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp_core.c
+++ b/drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp_core.c
@@ -134,10 +134,15 @@  static int get_adapter_status(struct hotplug_slot *hotplug_slot, u8 *value)
 {
 	struct controller *ctrl = to_ctrl(hotplug_slot);
 	struct pci_dev *pdev = ctrl->pcie->port;
+	int ret;
 
 	pci_config_pm_runtime_get(pdev);
-	*value = pciehp_card_present_or_link_active(ctrl);
+	ret = pciehp_card_present_or_link_active(ctrl);
 	pci_config_pm_runtime_put(pdev);
+	if (ret < 0)
+		return ret;
+
+	*value = ret;
 	return 0;
 }
 
@@ -153,13 +158,13 @@  static int get_adapter_status(struct hotplug_slot *hotplug_slot, u8 *value)
  */
 static void pciehp_check_presence(struct controller *ctrl)
 {
-	bool occupied;
+	int occupied;
 
 	down_read(&ctrl->reset_lock);
 	mutex_lock(&ctrl->state_lock);
 
 	occupied = pciehp_card_present_or_link_active(ctrl);
-	if ((occupied && (ctrl->state == OFF_STATE ||
+	if ((occupied > 0 && (ctrl->state == OFF_STATE ||
 			  ctrl->state == BLINKINGON_STATE)) ||
 	    (!occupied && (ctrl->state == ON_STATE ||
 			   ctrl->state == BLINKINGOFF_STATE)))
diff --git a/drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp_ctrl.c b/drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp_ctrl.c
index 631ced0ab28a..5a433cc8621f 100644
--- a/drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp_ctrl.c
+++ b/drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp_ctrl.c
@@ -221,7 +221,7 @@  void pciehp_handle_disable_request(struct controller *ctrl)
 
 void pciehp_handle_presence_or_link_change(struct controller *ctrl, u32 events)
 {
-	bool present, link_active;
+	int present, link_active;
 
 	/*
 	 * If the slot is on and presence or link has changed, turn it off.
@@ -252,7 +252,7 @@  void pciehp_handle_presence_or_link_change(struct controller *ctrl, u32 events)
 	mutex_lock(&ctrl->state_lock);
 	present = pciehp_card_present(ctrl);
 	link_active = pciehp_check_link_active(ctrl);
-	if (!present && !link_active) {
+	if (present <= 0 && link_active <= 0) {
 		mutex_unlock(&ctrl->state_lock);
 		return;
 	}
diff --git a/drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp_hpc.c b/drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp_hpc.c
index bd990e3371e3..1f918b043adb 100644
--- a/drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp_hpc.c
+++ b/drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp_hpc.c
@@ -201,13 +201,16 @@  static void pcie_write_cmd_nowait(struct controller *ctrl, u16 cmd, u16 mask)
 	pcie_do_write_cmd(ctrl, cmd, mask, false);
 }
 
-bool pciehp_check_link_active(struct controller *ctrl)
+int pciehp_check_link_active(struct controller *ctrl)
 {
 	struct pci_dev *pdev = ctrl_dev(ctrl);
 	u16 lnk_status;
-	bool ret;
+	int ret;
+
+	ret = pcie_capability_read_word(pdev, PCI_EXP_LNKSTA, &lnk_status);
+	if (ret == PCIBIOS_DEVICE_NOT_FOUND)
+		return -ENODEV;
 
-	pcie_capability_read_word(pdev, PCI_EXP_LNKSTA, &lnk_status);
 	ret = !!(lnk_status & PCI_EXP_LNKSTA_DLLLA);
 
 	if (ret)
@@ -373,13 +376,17 @@  void pciehp_get_latch_status(struct controller *ctrl, u8 *status)
 	*status = !!(slot_status & PCI_EXP_SLTSTA_MRLSS);
 }
 
-bool pciehp_card_present(struct controller *ctrl)
+int pciehp_card_present(struct controller *ctrl)
 {
 	struct pci_dev *pdev = ctrl_dev(ctrl);
 	u16 slot_status;
+	int ret;
 
-	pcie_capability_read_word(pdev, PCI_EXP_SLTSTA, &slot_status);
-	return slot_status & PCI_EXP_SLTSTA_PDS;
+	ret = pcie_capability_read_word(pdev, PCI_EXP_SLTSTA, &slot_status);
+	if (ret == PCIBIOS_DEVICE_NOT_FOUND)
+		return -ENODEV;
+
+	return !!(slot_status & PCI_EXP_SLTSTA_PDS);
 }
 
 /**
@@ -390,10 +397,19 @@  bool pciehp_card_present(struct controller *ctrl)
  * Presence Detect State bit, this helper also returns true if the Link Active
  * bit is set.  This is a concession to broken hotplug ports which hardwire
  * Presence Detect State to zero, such as Wilocity's [1ae9:0200].
+ *
+ * Returns: %1 if the slot is occupied and %0 if it is not. If the hotplug
+ *	    port is not present anymore returns %-ENODEV.
  */
-bool pciehp_card_present_or_link_active(struct controller *ctrl)
+int pciehp_card_present_or_link_active(struct controller *ctrl)
 {
-	return pciehp_card_present(ctrl) || pciehp_check_link_active(ctrl);
+	int ret;
+
+	ret = pciehp_card_present(ctrl);
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	return pciehp_check_link_active(ctrl);
 }
 
 int pciehp_query_power_fault(struct controller *ctrl)