depmod: create and use System.map.no_namespaces
diff mbox series

Message ID 20191004095748.223119-1-maennich@google.com
State New
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  • depmod: create and use System.map.no_namespaces
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Commit Message

Matthias Maennich Oct. 4, 2019, 9:57 a.m. UTC
depmod in its current version is not aware of symbol namespace in
ksymtab entries introduced with 8651ec01daed ("module: add support for
symbol namespaces."). They have the form

  __ksymtab_NAMESPACE.symbol_name

A fix for kmod's depmod has been proposed [1]. In order to support older
versions of depmod as well, create a System.map.no_namespaces during
scripts/depmod.sh that has the pre-namespaces format. That way users do
not immediately upgrade the userspace tool.

[1] https://lore.kernel.org/linux-modules/20191004094136.166621-1-maennich@google.com/

Reported-by: Stefan Wahren <stefan.wahren@i2se.com>
Fixes: 8651ec01daed ("module: add support for symbol namespaces.")
Cc: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
Cc: Lucas De Marchi <lucas.de.marchi@gmail.com>
Cc: Jessica Yu <jeyu@kernel.org>
Cc: Martijn Coenen <maco@android.com>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: linux-modules@vger.kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Matthias Maennich <maennich@google.com>
---

Please note this depends on the new ksymtab entry format proposed in
https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20191003075826.7478-2-yamada.masahiro@socionext.com/

That is likely to be merged soon as well as it fixes problems in 5.4-rc*, hence
this patch depends on it.

Cheers,
Matthias

 .gitignore        | 1 +
 scripts/depmod.sh | 8 +++++++-
 2 files changed, 8 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

Comments

Lucas De Marchi Oct. 4, 2019, 6:25 p.m. UTC | #1
On Fri, Oct 4, 2019 at 2:57 AM Matthias Maennich <maennich@google.com> wrote:
>
> depmod in its current version is not aware of symbol namespace in
> ksymtab entries introduced with 8651ec01daed ("module: add support for
> symbol namespaces."). They have the form
>
>   __ksymtab_NAMESPACE.symbol_name
>
> A fix for kmod's depmod has been proposed [1]. In order to support older
> versions of depmod as well, create a System.map.no_namespaces during
> scripts/depmod.sh that has the pre-namespaces format. That way users do
> not immediately upgrade the userspace tool.
>
> [1] https://lore.kernel.org/linux-modules/20191004094136.166621-1-maennich@google.com/
>
> Reported-by: Stefan Wahren <stefan.wahren@i2se.com>
> Fixes: 8651ec01daed ("module: add support for symbol namespaces.")
> Cc: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
> Cc: Lucas De Marchi <lucas.de.marchi@gmail.com>
> Cc: Jessica Yu <jeyu@kernel.org>
> Cc: Martijn Coenen <maco@android.com>
> Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
> Cc: linux-modules@vger.kernel.org
> Signed-off-by: Matthias Maennich <maennich@google.com>
> ---
>
> Please note this depends on the new ksymtab entry format proposed in
> https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20191003075826.7478-2-yamada.masahiro@socionext.com/

I don't really agree with that thought, more below.

>
> That is likely to be merged soon as well as it fixes problems in 5.4-rc*, hence
> this patch depends on it.
>
> Cheers,
> Matthias
>
>  .gitignore        | 1 +
>  scripts/depmod.sh | 8 +++++++-
>  2 files changed, 8 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>
> diff --git a/.gitignore b/.gitignore
> index 70580bdd352c..5ed58a7cb433 100644
> --- a/.gitignore
> +++ b/.gitignore
> @@ -59,6 +59,7 @@ modules.order
>  /vmlinux-gdb.py
>  /vmlinuz
>  /System.map
> +/System.map.no_namespaces
>  /Module.markers
>  /modules.builtin.modinfo
>
> diff --git a/scripts/depmod.sh b/scripts/depmod.sh
> index e083bcae343f..602e1af072c7 100755
> --- a/scripts/depmod.sh
> +++ b/scripts/depmod.sh
> @@ -39,7 +39,13 @@ if $depmod_hack_needed; then
>         KERNELRELEASE=99.98.$KERNELRELEASE
>  fi
>
> -set -- -ae -F System.map
> +# Older versions of depmod do not support symbol namespaces in ksymtab entries,
> +# hence create an alternative System.map with namespace patched out to use for
> +# depmod. I.e. transform entries as follows:
> +#    __ksymtab_NAMESPACE.symbol_name -> __ksymtab_symbol_name
> +sed 's/__ksymtab_.*\./__ksymtab_/' System.map > System.map.no_namespaces

So people with old kmod will have to know they need to pass
System.map.no_namespaces rather than the usual
System.map. Also, distros will need to be update to also copy the new
file to the kernel package (or upgrade/patch kmod).

I'd rather maintain the current format and fix the bug that patch is
fixing. The namespace
in the end IMO is just a small annoyance with a reason to  exist.

Lucas De Marchi

> +
> +set -- -ae -F System.map.no_namespaces
>  if test -n "$INSTALL_MOD_PATH"; then
>         set -- "$@" -b "$INSTALL_MOD_PATH"
>  fi
> --
> 2.23.0.581.g78d2f28ef7-goog
>
Masahiro Yamada Oct. 5, 2019, 7:53 a.m. UTC | #2
On Sat, Oct 5, 2019 at 3:25 AM Lucas De Marchi
<lucas.de.marchi@gmail.com> wrote:
>
> On Fri, Oct 4, 2019 at 2:57 AM Matthias Maennich <maennich@google.com> wrote:
> >
> > depmod in its current version is not aware of symbol namespace in
> > ksymtab entries introduced with 8651ec01daed ("module: add support for
> > symbol namespaces."). They have the form
> >
> >   __ksymtab_NAMESPACE.symbol_name
> >
> > A fix for kmod's depmod has been proposed [1]. In order to support older
> > versions of depmod as well, create a System.map.no_namespaces during
> > scripts/depmod.sh that has the pre-namespaces format. That way users do
> > not immediately upgrade the userspace tool.
> >
> > [1] https://lore.kernel.org/linux-modules/20191004094136.166621-1-maennich@google.com/
> >
> > Reported-by: Stefan Wahren <stefan.wahren@i2se.com>
> > Fixes: 8651ec01daed ("module: add support for symbol namespaces.")
> > Cc: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
> > Cc: Lucas De Marchi <lucas.de.marchi@gmail.com>
> > Cc: Jessica Yu <jeyu@kernel.org>
> > Cc: Martijn Coenen <maco@android.com>
> > Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
> > Cc: linux-modules@vger.kernel.org
> > Signed-off-by: Matthias Maennich <maennich@google.com>
> > ---
> >
> > Please note this depends on the new ksymtab entry format proposed in
> > https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20191003075826.7478-2-yamada.masahiro@socionext.com/
>
> I don't really agree with that thought, more below.
>
> >
> > That is likely to be merged soon as well as it fixes problems in 5.4-rc*, hence
> > this patch depends on it.
> >
> > Cheers,
> > Matthias
> >
> >  .gitignore        | 1 +
> >  scripts/depmod.sh | 8 +++++++-
> >  2 files changed, 8 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/.gitignore b/.gitignore
> > index 70580bdd352c..5ed58a7cb433 100644
> > --- a/.gitignore
> > +++ b/.gitignore
> > @@ -59,6 +59,7 @@ modules.order
> >  /vmlinux-gdb.py
> >  /vmlinuz
> >  /System.map
> > +/System.map.no_namespaces
> >  /Module.markers
> >  /modules.builtin.modinfo
> >
> > diff --git a/scripts/depmod.sh b/scripts/depmod.sh
> > index e083bcae343f..602e1af072c7 100755
> > --- a/scripts/depmod.sh
> > +++ b/scripts/depmod.sh
> > @@ -39,7 +39,13 @@ if $depmod_hack_needed; then
> >         KERNELRELEASE=99.98.$KERNELRELEASE
> >  fi
> >
> > -set -- -ae -F System.map
> > +# Older versions of depmod do not support symbol namespaces in ksymtab entries,
> > +# hence create an alternative System.map with namespace patched out to use for
> > +# depmod. I.e. transform entries as follows:
> > +#    __ksymtab_NAMESPACE.symbol_name -> __ksymtab_symbol_name
> > +sed 's/__ksymtab_.*\./__ksymtab_/' System.map > System.map.no_namespaces
>
> So people with old kmod will have to know they need to pass
> System.map.no_namespaces rather than the usual
> System.map. Also, distros will need to be update to also copy the new
> file to the kernel package (or upgrade/patch kmod).
>
> I'd rather maintain the current format and fix the bug that patch is
> fixing. The namespace
> in the end IMO is just a small annoyance with a reason to  exist.

I agree, this fix is bad.
We should not bother kmod or any tools.
And System.map.no_namespaces is a cheesy workaround.


BTW, I expressed my negative opinion in the review process
for the patch set. I am still not convinced with the
namespace feature, but anyway it was merged
(with poor review and test).



Get back on track, probably the right fix would be to
stop using __ksymtab_<namespace>.<symbol>.

It is not used for any purposes but passing
<namespace> / <symbol> pairs to modpost.


For example, __kstrtabns_##sym points to
the namespace string, so it would be possible
to parse it from modpost?

Then, asm("__ksymtab_" #ns NS_SEPARATOR #sym)
will go away.



Masahiro




> Lucas De Marchi
>
> > +
> > +set -- -ae -F System.map.no_namespaces
> >  if test -n "$INSTALL_MOD_PATH"; then
> >         set -- "$@" -b "$INSTALL_MOD_PATH"
> >  fi
> > --
> > 2.23.0.581.g78d2f28ef7-goog
> >
>
>
> --
> Lucas De Marchi
Matthias Maennich Oct. 7, 2019, 6:46 a.m. UTC | #3
Hi!

On Sat, Oct 05, 2019 at 04:53:56PM +0900, Masahiro Yamada wrote:
>On Sat, Oct 5, 2019 at 3:25 AM Lucas De Marchi
><lucas.de.marchi@gmail.com> wrote:
>>
>> On Fri, Oct 4, 2019 at 2:57 AM Matthias Maennich <maennich@google.com> wrote:
>> >
>> > depmod in its current version is not aware of symbol namespace in
>> > ksymtab entries introduced with 8651ec01daed ("module: add support for
>> > symbol namespaces."). They have the form
>> >
>> >   __ksymtab_NAMESPACE.symbol_name
>> >
>> > A fix for kmod's depmod has been proposed [1]. In order to support older
>> > versions of depmod as well, create a System.map.no_namespaces during
>> > scripts/depmod.sh that has the pre-namespaces format. That way users do
>> > not immediately upgrade the userspace tool.
>> >
>> > [1] https://lore.kernel.org/linux-modules/20191004094136.166621-1-maennich@google.com/
>> >
>> > Reported-by: Stefan Wahren <stefan.wahren@i2se.com>
>> > Fixes: 8651ec01daed ("module: add support for symbol namespaces.")
>> > Cc: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
>> > Cc: Lucas De Marchi <lucas.de.marchi@gmail.com>
>> > Cc: Jessica Yu <jeyu@kernel.org>
>> > Cc: Martijn Coenen <maco@android.com>
>> > Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
>> > Cc: linux-modules@vger.kernel.org
>> > Signed-off-by: Matthias Maennich <maennich@google.com>
>> > ---
>> >
>> > Please note this depends on the new ksymtab entry format proposed in
>> > https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20191003075826.7478-2-yamada.masahiro@socionext.com/
>>
>> I don't really agree with that thought, more below.
>>
>> >
>> > That is likely to be merged soon as well as it fixes problems in 5.4-rc*, hence
>> > this patch depends on it.
>> >
>> > Cheers,
>> > Matthias
>> >
>> >  .gitignore        | 1 +
>> >  scripts/depmod.sh | 8 +++++++-
>> >  2 files changed, 8 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>> >
>> > diff --git a/.gitignore b/.gitignore
>> > index 70580bdd352c..5ed58a7cb433 100644
>> > --- a/.gitignore
>> > +++ b/.gitignore
>> > @@ -59,6 +59,7 @@ modules.order
>> >  /vmlinux-gdb.py
>> >  /vmlinuz
>> >  /System.map
>> > +/System.map.no_namespaces
>> >  /Module.markers
>> >  /modules.builtin.modinfo
>> >
>> > diff --git a/scripts/depmod.sh b/scripts/depmod.sh
>> > index e083bcae343f..602e1af072c7 100755
>> > --- a/scripts/depmod.sh
>> > +++ b/scripts/depmod.sh
>> > @@ -39,7 +39,13 @@ if $depmod_hack_needed; then
>> >         KERNELRELEASE=99.98.$KERNELRELEASE
>> >  fi
>> >
>> > -set -- -ae -F System.map
>> > +# Older versions of depmod do not support symbol namespaces in ksymtab entries,
>> > +# hence create an alternative System.map with namespace patched out to use for
>> > +# depmod. I.e. transform entries as follows:
>> > +#    __ksymtab_NAMESPACE.symbol_name -> __ksymtab_symbol_name
>> > +sed 's/__ksymtab_.*\./__ksymtab_/' System.map > System.map.no_namespaces
>>
>> So people with old kmod will have to know they need to pass
>> System.map.no_namespaces rather than the usual
>> System.map. Also, distros will need to be update to also copy the new
>> file to the kernel package (or upgrade/patch kmod).
>>
>> I'd rather maintain the current format and fix the bug that patch is
>> fixing. The namespace
>> in the end IMO is just a small annoyance with a reason to  exist.
>
>I agree, this fix is bad.
>We should not bother kmod or any tools.
>And System.map.no_namespaces is a cheesy workaround.

Thanks for the feedback!

Based on the discussion from last year about changing kmod/depmod for
this change to the ksymtab entries,
(https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/CAKi4VA+wvVxPxVSP6ruSR++TYvavKPNAQ5XhREF_9ZxeOKQirg@mail.gmail.com/),
I assumed this approach would be acceptable. The workaround (yeah, it is
a hack) is a way to mitigate the issue for people that can't update
depmod so easily. System.map.no_namespaces was not intended to be part
of any distribution, but rather used locally in depmod.sh. I could have
made this more clear.

>
>BTW, I expressed my negative opinion in the review process
>for the patch set. I am still not convinced with the
>namespace feature, but anyway it was merged
>(with poor review and test).
>
>
>
>Get back on track, probably the right fix would be to
>stop using __ksymtab_<namespace>.<symbol>.
>
>It is not used for any purposes but passing
><namespace> / <symbol> pairs to modpost.
>
>
>For example, __kstrtabns_##sym points to
>the namespace string, so it would be possible
>to parse it from modpost?
>
>Then, asm("__ksymtab_" #ns NS_SEPARATOR #sym)
>will go away.

I will give this a try.

Cheers,
Matthias

>
>
>Masahiro
>
>
>
>
>> Lucas De Marchi
>>
>> > +
>> > +set -- -ae -F System.map.no_namespaces
>> >  if test -n "$INSTALL_MOD_PATH"; then
>> >         set -- "$@" -b "$INSTALL_MOD_PATH"
>> >  fi
>> > --
>> > 2.23.0.581.g78d2f28ef7-goog
>> >
>>
>>
>> --
>> Lucas De Marchi
>
>
>
>-- 
>Best Regards
>Masahiro Yamada
Jessica Yu Oct. 7, 2019, 11:25 a.m. UTC | #4
+++ Matthias Maennich [07/10/19 07:46 +0100]:
>Hi!
>
>On Sat, Oct 05, 2019 at 04:53:56PM +0900, Masahiro Yamada wrote:
>>On Sat, Oct 5, 2019 at 3:25 AM Lucas De Marchi
>><lucas.de.marchi@gmail.com> wrote:
>>>
>>>On Fri, Oct 4, 2019 at 2:57 AM Matthias Maennich <maennich@google.com> wrote:
>>>>
>>>> depmod in its current version is not aware of symbol namespace in
>>>> ksymtab entries introduced with 8651ec01daed ("module: add support for
>>>> symbol namespaces."). They have the form
>>>>
>>>>   __ksymtab_NAMESPACE.symbol_name
>>>>
>>>> A fix for kmod's depmod has been proposed [1]. In order to support older
>>>> versions of depmod as well, create a System.map.no_namespaces during
>>>> scripts/depmod.sh that has the pre-namespaces format. That way users do
>>>> not immediately upgrade the userspace tool.
>>>>
>>>> [1] https://lore.kernel.org/linux-modules/20191004094136.166621-1-maennich@google.com/
>>>>
>>>> Reported-by: Stefan Wahren <stefan.wahren@i2se.com>
>>>> Fixes: 8651ec01daed ("module: add support for symbol namespaces.")
>>>> Cc: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
>>>> Cc: Lucas De Marchi <lucas.de.marchi@gmail.com>
>>>> Cc: Jessica Yu <jeyu@kernel.org>
>>>> Cc: Martijn Coenen <maco@android.com>
>>>> Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
>>>> Cc: linux-modules@vger.kernel.org
>>>> Signed-off-by: Matthias Maennich <maennich@google.com>
>>>> ---
>>>>
>>>> Please note this depends on the new ksymtab entry format proposed in
>>>> https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20191003075826.7478-2-yamada.masahiro@socionext.com/
>>>
>>>I don't really agree with that thought, more below.
>>>
>>>>
>>>> That is likely to be merged soon as well as it fixes problems in 5.4-rc*, hence
>>>> this patch depends on it.
>>>>
>>>> Cheers,
>>>> Matthias
>>>>
>>>>  .gitignore        | 1 +
>>>>  scripts/depmod.sh | 8 +++++++-
>>>>  2 files changed, 8 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>>>>
>>>> diff --git a/.gitignore b/.gitignore
>>>> index 70580bdd352c..5ed58a7cb433 100644
>>>> --- a/.gitignore
>>>> +++ b/.gitignore
>>>> @@ -59,6 +59,7 @@ modules.order
>>>>  /vmlinux-gdb.py
>>>>  /vmlinuz
>>>>  /System.map
>>>> +/System.map.no_namespaces
>>>>  /Module.markers
>>>>  /modules.builtin.modinfo
>>>>
>>>> diff --git a/scripts/depmod.sh b/scripts/depmod.sh
>>>> index e083bcae343f..602e1af072c7 100755
>>>> --- a/scripts/depmod.sh
>>>> +++ b/scripts/depmod.sh
>>>> @@ -39,7 +39,13 @@ if $depmod_hack_needed; then
>>>>         KERNELRELEASE=99.98.$KERNELRELEASE
>>>>  fi
>>>>
>>>> -set -- -ae -F System.map
>>>> +# Older versions of depmod do not support symbol namespaces in ksymtab entries,
>>>> +# hence create an alternative System.map with namespace patched out to use for
>>>> +# depmod. I.e. transform entries as follows:
>>>> +#    __ksymtab_NAMESPACE.symbol_name -> __ksymtab_symbol_name
>>>> +sed 's/__ksymtab_.*\./__ksymtab_/' System.map > System.map.no_namespaces
>>>
>>>So people with old kmod will have to know they need to pass
>>>System.map.no_namespaces rather than the usual
>>>System.map. Also, distros will need to be update to also copy the new
>>>file to the kernel package (or upgrade/patch kmod).
>>>
>>>I'd rather maintain the current format and fix the bug that patch is
>>>fixing. The namespace
>>>in the end IMO is just a small annoyance with a reason to  exist.
>>
>>I agree, this fix is bad.
>>We should not bother kmod or any tools.
>>And System.map.no_namespaces is a cheesy workaround.
>
>Thanks for the feedback!
>
>Based on the discussion from last year about changing kmod/depmod for
>this change to the ksymtab entries,
>(https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/CAKi4VA+wvVxPxVSP6ruSR++TYvavKPNAQ5XhREF_9ZxeOKQirg@mail.gmail.com/),
>I assumed this approach would be acceptable. The workaround (yeah, it is
>a hack) is a way to mitigate the issue for people that can't update
>depmod so easily. System.map.no_namespaces was not intended to be part
>of any distribution, but rather used locally in depmod.sh. I could have
>made this more clear.
>
>>
>>BTW, I expressed my negative opinion in the review process
>>for the patch set. I am still not convinced with the
>>namespace feature, but anyway it was merged
>>(with poor review and test).
>>
>>
>>
>>Get back on track, probably the right fix would be to
>>stop using __ksymtab_<namespace>.<symbol>.
>>
>>It is not used for any purposes but passing
>><namespace> / <symbol> pairs to modpost.
>>
>>
>>For example, __kstrtabns_##sym points to
>>the namespace string, so it would be possible
>>to parse it from modpost?
>>
>>Then, asm("__ksymtab_" #ns NS_SEPARATOR #sym)
>>will go away.
>
>I will give this a try.

That sounds like a good idea. Maybe one way of going about it is to
take the symbol value of __kstrtabns_##sym, subtract the section address
(the section referred to by the st_shndx) from it to obtain the offset
into __ksymtab_strings, and read in the namespace string from that
offset.

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/.gitignore b/.gitignore
index 70580bdd352c..5ed58a7cb433 100644
--- a/.gitignore
+++ b/.gitignore
@@ -59,6 +59,7 @@  modules.order
 /vmlinux-gdb.py
 /vmlinuz
 /System.map
+/System.map.no_namespaces
 /Module.markers
 /modules.builtin.modinfo
 
diff --git a/scripts/depmod.sh b/scripts/depmod.sh
index e083bcae343f..602e1af072c7 100755
--- a/scripts/depmod.sh
+++ b/scripts/depmod.sh
@@ -39,7 +39,13 @@  if $depmod_hack_needed; then
 	KERNELRELEASE=99.98.$KERNELRELEASE
 fi
 
-set -- -ae -F System.map
+# Older versions of depmod do not support symbol namespaces in ksymtab entries,
+# hence create an alternative System.map with namespace patched out to use for
+# depmod. I.e. transform entries as follows:
+#    __ksymtab_NAMESPACE.symbol_name -> __ksymtab_symbol_name
+sed 's/__ksymtab_.*\./__ksymtab_/' System.map > System.map.no_namespaces
+
+set -- -ae -F System.map.no_namespaces
 if test -n "$INSTALL_MOD_PATH"; then
 	set -- "$@" -b "$INSTALL_MOD_PATH"
 fi