[v3,2/5] mm: introduce external memory hinting API
diff mbox series

Message ID 20200128001641.5086-3-minchan@kernel.org
State Superseded
Headers show
Series
  • introduce memory hinting API for external process
Related show

Commit Message

Minchan Kim Jan. 28, 2020, 12:16 a.m. UTC
There is usecase that System Management Software(SMS) want to give
a memory hint like MADV_[COLD|PAGEEOUT] to other processes and
in the case of Android, it is the ActivityManagerService.

It's similar in spirit to madvise(MADV_WONTNEED), but the information
required to make the reclaim decision is not known to the app. Instead,
it is known to the centralized userspace daemon(ActivityManagerService),
and that daemon must be able to initiate reclaim on its own without
any app involvement.

To solve the issue, this patch introduces a new syscall process_madvise(2).
It uses pidfd of an external process to give the hint.

 int process_madvise(int pidfd, void *addr, size_t length, int advise,
			unsigned long flag);

Since it could affect other process's address range, only privileged
process(CAP_SYS_PTRACE) or something else(e.g., being the same UID)
gives it the right to ptrace the process could use it successfully.
The flag argument is reserved for future use if we need to extend the
API.

I think supporting all hints madvise has/will supported/support to
process_madvise is rather risky. Because we are not sure all hints make
sense from external process and implementation for the hint may rely on
the caller being in the current context so it could be error-prone.
Thus, I just limited hints as MADV_[COLD|PAGEOUT] in this patch.

If someone want to add other hints, we could hear hear the usecase and
review it for each hint. It's safer for maintenance rather than
introducing a buggy syscall but hard to fix it later.

Q.1 - Why does any external entity have better knowledge?

Quote from Sandeep
"For Android, every application (including the special SystemServer) are forked
from Zygote. The reason of course is to share as many libraries and classes between
the two as possible to benefit from the preloading during boot.

After applications start, (almost) all of the APIs  end up calling into this
SystemServer process over IPC (binder) and back to the application.

In a fully running system, the SystemServer monitors every single process
periodically to calculate their PSS / RSS and also decides which process is
"important" to the user for interactivity.

So, because of how these processes start _and_ the fact that the SystemServer
is looping to monitor each process, it does tend to *know* which address
range of the application is not used / useful.

Besides, we can never rely on applications to clean things up themselves.
We've had the "hey app1, the system is low on memory, please trim your
memory usage down" notifications for a long time[1]. They rely on
applications honoring the broadcasts and very few do.

So, if we want to avoid the inevitable killing of the application and
restarting it, some way to be able to tell the OS about unimportant memory in
these applications will be useful.

- ssp

Q.2 - How to guarantee the race(i.e., object validation) between when giving a
hint from an external process and get the hint from the target process?

process_madvise operates on the target process's address space as it exists
at the instant that process_madvise is called. If the space target process
can run between the time the process_madvise process inspects the target
process address space and the time that process_madvise is actually called,
process_madvise may operate on memory regions that the calling process does
not expect. It's the responsibility of the process calling process_madvise
to close this race condition. For example, the calling process can suspend
the target process with ptrace, SIGSTOP, or the freezer cgroup so that it
doesn't have an opportunity to change its own address space before
process_madvise is called. Another option is to operate on memory regions
that the caller knows a priori will be unchanged in the target process.
Yet another option is to accept the race for certain process_madvise calls
after reasoning that mistargeting will do no harm. The suggested API itself
does not provide synchronization. It also apply other APIs like move_pages,
process_vm_write.

The race isn't really a problem though. Why is it so wrong to require
that callers do their own synchronization in some manner? Nobody objects
to write(2) merely because it's possible for two processes to open the same
file and clobber each other's writes --- instead, we tell people to use
flock or something. Think about mmap. It never guarantees newly allocated
address space is still valid when the user tries to access it because other
threads could unmap the memory right before. That's where we need
synchronization by using other API or design from userside. It shouldn't
be part of API itself. If someone needs more fine-grained synchronization
rather than process level, there were two ideas suggested - cookie[2] and
anon-fd[3]. Both are applicable via using last reserved argument of the API
but I don't think it's necessary right now since we have already ways to
prevent the race so don't want to add additional complexity with more
fine-grained optimization model.

To make the API extend, it reserved an unsigned long as last argument
so we could support it in future if someone really needs it.

Q.3 - Why doesn't ptrace work?

Injecting an madvise in the target process using ptrace would not work for us
because such injected madvise would have to be executed by the target process,
which means that process would have to be runnable and that creates the risk
of the abovementioned race and hinting a wrong VMA. Furthermore, we want to
act the hint in caller's context, not calle because calle is usually limited
in cpuset/cgroups or even freezed state so they can't act by themselves
quick enough, which causes more thrashing/kill. It doesn't work if the
target process are ptraced(e.g., strace, debugger, minidump) because  a
process can have at most one ptracer.

[1] https://developer.android.com/topic/performance/memory"
[2] process_getinfo for getting the cookie which is updated whenever
    vma of process address layout are changed - Daniel Colascione
- https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20190520035254.57579-1-minchan@kernel.org/T/#m7694416fd179b2066a2c62b5b139b14e3894e224
[3] anonymous fd which is used for the object(i.e., address range)
    validation - Michal Hocko
- https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20200120112722.GY18451@dhcp22.suse.cz/

Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
---
 arch/alpha/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl      |  1 +
 arch/arm/tools/syscall.tbl                  |  1 +
 arch/arm64/include/asm/unistd.h             |  2 +-
 arch/arm64/include/asm/unistd32.h           |  2 +
 arch/ia64/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl       |  1 +
 arch/m68k/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl       |  1 +
 arch/microblaze/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl |  1 +
 arch/mips/kernel/syscalls/syscall_n32.tbl   |  1 +
 arch/mips/kernel/syscalls/syscall_n64.tbl   |  1 +
 arch/parisc/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl     |  1 +
 arch/powerpc/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl    |  1 +
 arch/s390/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl       |  1 +
 arch/sh/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl         |  1 +
 arch/sparc/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl      |  1 +
 arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_32.tbl      |  1 +
 arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl      |  1 +
 arch/xtensa/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl     |  1 +
 include/linux/syscalls.h                    |  2 +
 include/uapi/asm-generic/unistd.h           |  5 +-
 kernel/sys_ni.c                             |  1 +
 mm/madvise.c                                | 66 +++++++++++++++++++++
 21 files changed, 91 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

Comments

Suren Baghdasaryan Feb. 10, 2020, 5:50 p.m. UTC | #1
On Mon, Jan 27, 2020 at 4:17 PM Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org> wrote:
>
> There is usecase that System Management Software(SMS) want to give
> a memory hint like MADV_[COLD|PAGEEOUT] to other processes and
> in the case of Android, it is the ActivityManagerService.
>
> It's similar in spirit to madvise(MADV_WONTNEED), but the information
> required to make the reclaim decision is not known to the app. Instead,
> it is known to the centralized userspace daemon(ActivityManagerService),
> and that daemon must be able to initiate reclaim on its own without
> any app involvement.
>
> To solve the issue, this patch introduces a new syscall process_madvise(2).
> It uses pidfd of an external process to give the hint.
>
>  int process_madvise(int pidfd, void *addr, size_t length, int advise,
>                         unsigned long flag);
>
> Since it could affect other process's address range, only privileged
> process(CAP_SYS_PTRACE) or something else(e.g., being the same UID)
> gives it the right to ptrace the process could use it successfully.
> The flag argument is reserved for future use if we need to extend the
> API.
>
> I think supporting all hints madvise has/will supported/support to
> process_madvise is rather risky. Because we are not sure all hints make
> sense from external process and implementation for the hint may rely on
> the caller being in the current context so it could be error-prone.
> Thus, I just limited hints as MADV_[COLD|PAGEOUT] in this patch.
>
> If someone want to add other hints, we could hear hear the usecase and
> review it for each hint. It's safer for maintenance rather than
> introducing a buggy syscall but hard to fix it later.

I would definitely be interested in adding MADV_DONTNEED support for
process_madvise() to allow quick memory reclaim after a kill. The
scenario is that userspace daemon can kill a process and try to help
reclaim its memory. Having process_madvise(MADV_DONTNEED) support
helps in the following cases:
1. Process issuing process_madvise has a higher CPU bandwidth
allowance than the victim process, therefore can reclaim victim's
memory quicker.
2. In case the victim occupies large amounts of memory the process
issuing process_madvise can spawn multiple (possibly high priority)
threads each reclaiming portions of the victim's memory.
Such an extension will add a destructive kind of madvise into the set
supported by process_madvise and I want to make sure we can accomodate
for that in the future. Do you see any issues with supporting
MADV_DONTNEED in the future?

>
> Q.1 - Why does any external entity have better knowledge?
>
> Quote from Sandeep
> "For Android, every application (including the special SystemServer) are forked
> from Zygote. The reason of course is to share as many libraries and classes between
> the two as possible to benefit from the preloading during boot.
>
> After applications start, (almost) all of the APIs  end up calling into this
> SystemServer process over IPC (binder) and back to the application.
>
> In a fully running system, the SystemServer monitors every single process
> periodically to calculate their PSS / RSS and also decides which process is
> "important" to the user for interactivity.
>
> So, because of how these processes start _and_ the fact that the SystemServer
> is looping to monitor each process, it does tend to *know* which address
> range of the application is not used / useful.
>
> Besides, we can never rely on applications to clean things up themselves.
> We've had the "hey app1, the system is low on memory, please trim your
> memory usage down" notifications for a long time[1]. They rely on
> applications honoring the broadcasts and very few do.
>
> So, if we want to avoid the inevitable killing of the application and
> restarting it, some way to be able to tell the OS about unimportant memory in
> these applications will be useful.
>
> - ssp
>
> Q.2 - How to guarantee the race(i.e., object validation) between when giving a
> hint from an external process and get the hint from the target process?
>
> process_madvise operates on the target process's address space as it exists
> at the instant that process_madvise is called. If the space target process
> can run between the time the process_madvise process inspects the target
> process address space and the time that process_madvise is actually called,
> process_madvise may operate on memory regions that the calling process does
> not expect. It's the responsibility of the process calling process_madvise
> to close this race condition. For example, the calling process can suspend
> the target process with ptrace, SIGSTOP, or the freezer cgroup so that it
> doesn't have an opportunity to change its own address space before
> process_madvise is called. Another option is to operate on memory regions
> that the caller knows a priori will be unchanged in the target process.
> Yet another option is to accept the race for certain process_madvise calls
> after reasoning that mistargeting will do no harm. The suggested API itself
> does not provide synchronization. It also apply other APIs like move_pages,
> process_vm_write.
>
> The race isn't really a problem though. Why is it so wrong to require
> that callers do their own synchronization in some manner? Nobody objects
> to write(2) merely because it's possible for two processes to open the same
> file and clobber each other's writes --- instead, we tell people to use
> flock or something. Think about mmap. It never guarantees newly allocated
> address space is still valid when the user tries to access it because other
> threads could unmap the memory right before. That's where we need
> synchronization by using other API or design from userside. It shouldn't
> be part of API itself. If someone needs more fine-grained synchronization
> rather than process level, there were two ideas suggested - cookie[2] and
> anon-fd[3]. Both are applicable via using last reserved argument of the API
> but I don't think it's necessary right now since we have already ways to
> prevent the race so don't want to add additional complexity with more
> fine-grained optimization model.
>
> To make the API extend, it reserved an unsigned long as last argument
> so we could support it in future if someone really needs it.
>
> Q.3 - Why doesn't ptrace work?
>
> Injecting an madvise in the target process using ptrace would not work for us
> because such injected madvise would have to be executed by the target process,
> which means that process would have to be runnable and that creates the risk
> of the abovementioned race and hinting a wrong VMA. Furthermore, we want to
> act the hint in caller's context, not calle because calle is usually limited
> in cpuset/cgroups or even freezed state so they can't act by themselves
> quick enough, which causes more thrashing/kill. It doesn't work if the
> target process are ptraced(e.g., strace, debugger, minidump) because  a
> process can have at most one ptracer.
>
> [1] https://developer.android.com/topic/performance/memory"
> [2] process_getinfo for getting the cookie which is updated whenever
>     vma of process address layout are changed - Daniel Colascione
> - https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20190520035254.57579-1-minchan@kernel.org/T/#m7694416fd179b2066a2c62b5b139b14e3894e224
> [3] anonymous fd which is used for the object(i.e., address range)
>     validation - Michal Hocko
> - https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20200120112722.GY18451@dhcp22.suse.cz/
>
> Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
> ---
>  arch/alpha/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl      |  1 +
>  arch/arm/tools/syscall.tbl                  |  1 +
>  arch/arm64/include/asm/unistd.h             |  2 +-
>  arch/arm64/include/asm/unistd32.h           |  2 +
>  arch/ia64/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl       |  1 +
>  arch/m68k/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl       |  1 +
>  arch/microblaze/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl |  1 +
>  arch/mips/kernel/syscalls/syscall_n32.tbl   |  1 +
>  arch/mips/kernel/syscalls/syscall_n64.tbl   |  1 +
>  arch/parisc/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl     |  1 +
>  arch/powerpc/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl    |  1 +
>  arch/s390/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl       |  1 +
>  arch/sh/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl         |  1 +
>  arch/sparc/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl      |  1 +
>  arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_32.tbl      |  1 +
>  arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl      |  1 +
>  arch/xtensa/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl     |  1 +
>  include/linux/syscalls.h                    |  2 +
>  include/uapi/asm-generic/unistd.h           |  5 +-
>  kernel/sys_ni.c                             |  1 +
>  mm/madvise.c                                | 66 +++++++++++++++++++++
>  21 files changed, 91 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/arch/alpha/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl b/arch/alpha/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
> index e56950f23b49..776c61803315 100644
> --- a/arch/alpha/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
> +++ b/arch/alpha/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
> @@ -477,3 +477,4 @@
>  # 545 reserved for clone3
>  546    common  watch_devices                   sys_watch_devices
>  547    common  openat2                         sys_openat2
> +548    common  process_madvise                 sys_process_madvise
> diff --git a/arch/arm/tools/syscall.tbl b/arch/arm/tools/syscall.tbl
> index 7fb2f4d59210..a43381542276 100644
> --- a/arch/arm/tools/syscall.tbl
> +++ b/arch/arm/tools/syscall.tbl
> @@ -451,3 +451,4 @@
>  435    common  clone3                          sys_clone3
>  436    common  watch_devices                   sys_watch_devices
>  437    common  openat2                         sys_openat2
> +438    common  process_madvise                 sys_process_madvise
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/unistd.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/unistd.h
> index 8aa00ccb0b96..b722e47377a5 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/unistd.h
> +++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/unistd.h
> @@ -38,7 +38,7 @@
>  #define __ARM_NR_compat_set_tls                (__ARM_NR_COMPAT_BASE + 5)
>  #define __ARM_NR_COMPAT_END            (__ARM_NR_COMPAT_BASE + 0x800)
>
> -#define __NR_compat_syscalls           438
> +#define __NR_compat_syscalls           439
>  #endif
>
>  #define __ARCH_WANT_SYS_CLONE
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/unistd32.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/unistd32.h
> index 31f0ce25719e..e3643d7fecc3 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/unistd32.h
> +++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/unistd32.h
> @@ -883,6 +883,8 @@ __SYSCALL(__NR_clone3, sys_clone3)
>  __SYSCALL(__NR_watch_devices, sys_watch_devices)
>  #define __NR_openat2 437
>  __SYSCALL(__NR_openat2, sys_openat2)
> +#define __NR_process_madvise 438
> +__SYSCALL(__NR_process_madvise, process_madvise)
>
>  /*
>   * Please add new compat syscalls above this comment and update
> diff --git a/arch/ia64/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl b/arch/ia64/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
> index b9aa59931905..c156abc9a298 100644
> --- a/arch/ia64/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
> +++ b/arch/ia64/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
> @@ -358,3 +358,4 @@
>  # 435 reserved for clone3
>  436    common  watch_devices                   sys_watch_devices
>  437    common  openat2                         sys_openat2
> +438    common  process_madvise                 sys_process_madvise
> diff --git a/arch/m68k/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl b/arch/m68k/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
> index 868c1ef89d35..5b6034b6650f 100644
> --- a/arch/m68k/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
> +++ b/arch/m68k/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
> @@ -437,3 +437,4 @@
>  # 435 reserved for clone3
>  436    common  watch_devices                   sys_watch_devices
>  437    common  openat2                         sys_openat2
> +438    common  process_madvise                 sys_process_madvise
> diff --git a/arch/microblaze/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl b/arch/microblaze/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
> index 544b4cef18b3..4bef584af09c 100644
> --- a/arch/microblaze/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
> +++ b/arch/microblaze/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
> @@ -443,3 +443,4 @@
>  435    common  clone3                          sys_clone3
>  436    common  watch_devices                   sys_watch_devices
>  437    common  openat2                         sys_openat2
> +438    common  process_madvise                 sys_process_madvise
> diff --git a/arch/mips/kernel/syscalls/syscall_n32.tbl b/arch/mips/kernel/syscalls/syscall_n32.tbl
> index 05e8aee5dae7..7061b2103438 100644
> --- a/arch/mips/kernel/syscalls/syscall_n32.tbl
> +++ b/arch/mips/kernel/syscalls/syscall_n32.tbl
> @@ -376,3 +376,4 @@
>  435    n32     clone3                          __sys_clone3
>  436    n32     watch_devices                   sys_watch_devices
>  437    n32     openat2                         sys_openat2
> +438    n32     process_madivse                 sys_process_madvise
> diff --git a/arch/mips/kernel/syscalls/syscall_n64.tbl b/arch/mips/kernel/syscalls/syscall_n64.tbl
> index 24d6c01328fb..84042d57fbfb 100644
> --- a/arch/mips/kernel/syscalls/syscall_n64.tbl
> +++ b/arch/mips/kernel/syscalls/syscall_n64.tbl
> @@ -352,3 +352,4 @@
>  435    n64     clone3                          __sys_clone3
>  436    n64     watch_devices                   sys_watch_devices
>  437    n64     openat2                         sys_openat2
> +438    n64     process_madvise                 sys_process_madvise
> diff --git a/arch/parisc/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl b/arch/parisc/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
> index 4b5f77a4e1a2..5bfd359c7e6f 100644
> --- a/arch/parisc/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
> +++ b/arch/parisc/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
> @@ -435,3 +435,4 @@
>  435    common  clone3                          sys_clone3_wrapper
>  436    common  watch_devices                   sys_watch_devices
>  437    common  openat2                         sys_openat2
> +438    common  process_madvise                 sys_process_madvise
> diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl b/arch/powerpc/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
> index 9716dc85a517..ffa0e679aca0 100644
> --- a/arch/powerpc/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
> +++ b/arch/powerpc/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
> @@ -519,3 +519,4 @@
>  435    nospu   clone3                          ppc_clone3
>  436    common  watch_devices                   sys_watch_devices
>  437    common  openat2                         sys_openat2
> +438    common  process_madvise                 sys_process_madvise
> diff --git a/arch/s390/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl b/arch/s390/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
> index 7da330f8b03e..c301717216ca 100644
> --- a/arch/s390/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
> +++ b/arch/s390/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
> @@ -440,3 +440,4 @@
>  435  common    clone3                  sys_clone3                      sys_clone3
>  436  common    watch_devices           sys_watch_devices               sys_watch_devices
>  437  common    openat2                 sys_openat2                     sys_openat2
> +438  common    process_madvise         sys_process_madvise             sys_process_madvise
> diff --git a/arch/sh/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl b/arch/sh/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
> index bb7e68e25337..b8f15701f69f 100644
> --- a/arch/sh/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
> +++ b/arch/sh/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
> @@ -440,3 +440,4 @@
>  # 435 reserved for clone3
>  436    common  watch_devices                   sys_watch_devices
>  437    common  openat2                         sys_openat2
> +438    common  process_madvise                 sys_process_madvise
> diff --git a/arch/sparc/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl b/arch/sparc/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
> index 646a1fad7218..7ea95f37b222 100644
> --- a/arch/sparc/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
> +++ b/arch/sparc/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
> @@ -483,3 +483,4 @@
>  # 435 reserved for clone3
>  436    common  watch_devices                   sys_watch_devices
>  437    common  openat2                 sys_openat2
> +438    common  process_madvise         sys_process_madvise
> diff --git a/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_32.tbl b/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_32.tbl
> index 57c53acee290..76a2c266fe7e 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_32.tbl
> +++ b/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_32.tbl
> @@ -442,3 +442,4 @@
>  435    i386    clone3                  sys_clone3                      __ia32_sys_clone3
>  436    i386    watch_devices           sys_watch_devices               __ia32_sys_watch_devices
>  437    i386    openat2                 sys_openat2                     __ia32_sys_openat2
> +438    i386    process_madvise         sys_process_madvise             __ia32_sys_process_madvise
> diff --git a/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl b/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl
> index 1dd8d21f6500..b697cd8620cb 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl
> +++ b/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl
> @@ -359,6 +359,7 @@
>  435    common  clone3                  __x64_sys_clone3/ptregs
>  436    common  watch_devices           __x64_sys_watch_devices
>  437    common  openat2                 __x64_sys_openat2
> +438    common  process_madvise         __x64_sys_process_madvise
>
>  #
>  # x32-specific system call numbers start at 512 to avoid cache impact
> diff --git a/arch/xtensa/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl b/arch/xtensa/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
> index 0f48ab7bd75b..2e9813ecfd7d 100644
> --- a/arch/xtensa/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
> +++ b/arch/xtensa/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
> @@ -408,3 +408,4 @@
>  435    common  clone3                          sys_clone3
>  436    common  watch_devices                   sys_watch_devices
>  437    common  openat2                         sys_openat2
> +438    common  process_madvise                 sys_process_madvise
> diff --git a/include/linux/syscalls.h b/include/linux/syscalls.h
> index 433c8c85636e..1b58a11ff49f 100644
> --- a/include/linux/syscalls.h
> +++ b/include/linux/syscalls.h
> @@ -877,6 +877,8 @@ asmlinkage long sys_munlockall(void);
>  asmlinkage long sys_mincore(unsigned long start, size_t len,
>                                 unsigned char __user * vec);
>  asmlinkage long sys_madvise(unsigned long start, size_t len, int behavior);
> +asmlinkage long sys_process_madvise(int pidfd, unsigned long start,
> +                       size_t len, int behavior, unsigned long flags);
>  asmlinkage long sys_remap_file_pages(unsigned long start, unsigned long size,
>                         unsigned long prot, unsigned long pgoff,
>                         unsigned long flags);
> diff --git a/include/uapi/asm-generic/unistd.h b/include/uapi/asm-generic/unistd.h
> index 33f3856a9c3c..4a49fbaea013 100644
> --- a/include/uapi/asm-generic/unistd.h
> +++ b/include/uapi/asm-generic/unistd.h
> @@ -856,8 +856,11 @@ __SYSCALL(__NR_watch_devices, sys_watch_devices)
>  #define __NR_openat2 437
>  __SYSCALL(__NR_openat2, sys_openat2)
>
> +#define __NR_process_madvise 438
> +__SYSCALL(__NR_process_madvise, sys_process_madvise)
> +
>  #undef __NR_syscalls
> -#define __NR_syscalls 438
> +#define __NR_syscalls 439
>
>  /*
>   * 32 bit systems traditionally used different
> diff --git a/kernel/sys_ni.c b/kernel/sys_ni.c
> index 0e9b275260f8..10ce5eac8b4b 100644
> --- a/kernel/sys_ni.c
> +++ b/kernel/sys_ni.c
> @@ -281,6 +281,7 @@ COND_SYSCALL(mlockall);
>  COND_SYSCALL(munlockall);
>  COND_SYSCALL(mincore);
>  COND_SYSCALL(madvise);
> +COND_SYSCALL(process_madvise);
>  COND_SYSCALL(remap_file_pages);
>  COND_SYSCALL(mbind);
>  COND_SYSCALL_COMPAT(mbind);
> diff --git a/mm/madvise.c b/mm/madvise.c
> index 0c901de531e4..00ffa7e92f79 100644
> --- a/mm/madvise.c
> +++ b/mm/madvise.c
> @@ -17,6 +17,7 @@
>  #include <linux/falloc.h>
>  #include <linux/fadvise.h>
>  #include <linux/sched.h>
> +#include <linux/sched/mm.h>
>  #include <linux/ksm.h>
>  #include <linux/fs.h>
>  #include <linux/file.h>
> @@ -315,6 +316,8 @@ static int madvise_cold_or_pageout_pte_range(pmd_t *pmd,
>
>         if (fatal_signal_pending(task))
>                 return -EINTR;
> +       else if (current != task && fatal_signal_pending(current))
> +               return -EINTR;

I think this can be simplified as:

+       if (fatal_signal_pending(current))
+               return -EINTR;

current != task condition is not needed because if current == task
then you would return earlier after checking
fatal_signal_pending(task).


>
>  #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE
>         if (pmd_trans_huge(*pmd)) {
> @@ -993,6 +996,18 @@ madvise_behavior_valid(int behavior)
>         }
>  }
>
> +static bool
> +process_madvise_behavior_valid(int behavior)
> +{
> +       switch (behavior) {
> +       case MADV_COLD:
> +       case MADV_PAGEOUT:
> +               return true;
> +       default:
> +               return false;
> +       }
> +}
> +
>  /*
>   * madvise_common - request behavior hint to address range of the target process
>   *
> @@ -1151,6 +1166,11 @@ static int madvise_common(struct task_struct *task, struct mm_struct *mm,
>   *  MADV_DONTDUMP - the application wants to prevent pages in the given range
>   *             from being included in its core dump.
>   *  MADV_DODUMP - cancel MADV_DONTDUMP: no longer exclude from core dump.
> + *  MADV_COLD - the application uses the memory less so the kernel can
> + *             deactivate the memory to evict them quickly when the memory
> + *             pressure happen.
> + *  MADV_PAGEOUT - the application uses the memroy very rarely so kernel can
> + *             page out the memory instantly.
>   *
>   * return values:
>   *  zero    - success
> @@ -1169,3 +1189,49 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE3(madvise, unsigned long, start, size_t, len_in, int, behavior)
>  {
>         return madvise_common(current, current->mm, start, len_in, behavior);
>  }
> +
> +SYSCALL_DEFINE5(process_madvise, int, pidfd, unsigned long, start,
> +               size_t, len_in, int, behavior, unsigned long, flags)
> +{
> +       int ret;
> +       struct fd f;
> +       struct pid *pid;
> +       struct task_struct *task;
> +       struct mm_struct *mm;
> +
> +       if (flags != 0)
> +               return -EINVAL;
> +
> +       if (!process_madvise_behavior_valid(behavior))
> +               return -EINVAL;
> +
> +       f = fdget(pidfd);
> +       if (!f.file)
> +               return -EBADF;
> +
> +       pid = pidfd_pid(f.file);
> +       if (IS_ERR(pid)) {
> +               ret = PTR_ERR(pid);
> +               goto fdput;
> +       }
> +
> +       task = get_pid_task(pid, PIDTYPE_PID);
> +       if (!task) {
> +               ret = -ESRCH;
> +               goto fdput;
> +       }
> +
> +       mm = mm_access(task, PTRACE_MODE_ATTACH_FSCREDS);
> +       if (IS_ERR_OR_NULL(mm)) {
> +               ret = IS_ERR(mm) ? PTR_ERR(mm) : -ESRCH;
> +               goto release_task;
> +       }
> +
> +       ret = madvise_common(task, mm, start, len_in, behavior);
> +       mmput(mm);
> +release_task:
> +       put_task_struct(task);
> +fdput:
> +       fdput(f);
> +       return ret;
> +}
> --
> 2.25.0.341.g760bfbb309-goog
>
Minchan Kim Feb. 10, 2020, 9:27 p.m. UTC | #2
Hi Suren,

On Mon, Feb 10, 2020 at 09:50:20AM -0800, Suren Baghdasaryan wrote:
> On Mon, Jan 27, 2020 at 4:17 PM Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org> wrote:
> >
> > There is usecase that System Management Software(SMS) want to give
> > a memory hint like MADV_[COLD|PAGEEOUT] to other processes and
> > in the case of Android, it is the ActivityManagerService.
> >
> > It's similar in spirit to madvise(MADV_WONTNEED), but the information
> > required to make the reclaim decision is not known to the app. Instead,
> > it is known to the centralized userspace daemon(ActivityManagerService),
> > and that daemon must be able to initiate reclaim on its own without
> > any app involvement.
> >
> > To solve the issue, this patch introduces a new syscall process_madvise(2).
> > It uses pidfd of an external process to give the hint.
> >
> >  int process_madvise(int pidfd, void *addr, size_t length, int advise,
> >                         unsigned long flag);
> >
> > Since it could affect other process's address range, only privileged
> > process(CAP_SYS_PTRACE) or something else(e.g., being the same UID)
> > gives it the right to ptrace the process could use it successfully.
> > The flag argument is reserved for future use if we need to extend the
> > API.
> >
> > I think supporting all hints madvise has/will supported/support to
> > process_madvise is rather risky. Because we are not sure all hints make
> > sense from external process and implementation for the hint may rely on
> > the caller being in the current context so it could be error-prone.
> > Thus, I just limited hints as MADV_[COLD|PAGEOUT] in this patch.
> >
> > If someone want to add other hints, we could hear hear the usecase and
> > review it for each hint. It's safer for maintenance rather than
> > introducing a buggy syscall but hard to fix it later.
> 
> I would definitely be interested in adding MADV_DONTNEED support for
> process_madvise() to allow quick memory reclaim after a kill. The
> scenario is that userspace daemon can kill a process and try to help
> reclaim its memory. Having process_madvise(MADV_DONTNEED) support
> helps in the following cases:
> 1. Process issuing process_madvise has a higher CPU bandwidth
> allowance than the victim process, therefore can reclaim victim's
> memory quicker.
> 2. In case the victim occupies large amounts of memory the process
> issuing process_madvise can spawn multiple (possibly high priority)
> threads each reclaiming portions of the victim's memory.
> Such an extension will add a destructive kind of madvise into the set
> supported by process_madvise and I want to make sure we can accomodate
> for that in the future. Do you see any issues with supporting
> MADV_DONTNEED in the future?

Or kernel could do by themselves to spawn mulitple tasks if the system has
available badwidth and target process has a lot memory to be reclaimed

Anyway, it doesn't have any issue because we already have some synchrnoization
methods(e.g., signal or cgroup freezer) to freeze target processes before
giving a hint. It's not different with usual write syscall on shared file
among processes.

< snip >

> > diff --git a/mm/madvise.c b/mm/madvise.c
> > index 0c901de531e4..00ffa7e92f79 100644
> > --- a/mm/madvise.c
> > +++ b/mm/madvise.c
> > @@ -17,6 +17,7 @@
> >  #include <linux/falloc.h>
> >  #include <linux/fadvise.h>
> >  #include <linux/sched.h>
> > +#include <linux/sched/mm.h>
> >  #include <linux/ksm.h>
> >  #include <linux/fs.h>
> >  #include <linux/file.h>
> > @@ -315,6 +316,8 @@ static int madvise_cold_or_pageout_pte_range(pmd_t *pmd,
> >
> >         if (fatal_signal_pending(task))
> >                 return -EINTR;
> > +       else if (current != task && fatal_signal_pending(current))
> > +               return -EINTR;
> 
> I think this can be simplified as:
> 
> +       if (fatal_signal_pending(current))
> +               return -EINTR;
> 
> current != task condition is not needed because if current == task
> then you would return earlier after checking
> fatal_signal_pending(task).

True, I will remove it.

Thanks!

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/arch/alpha/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl b/arch/alpha/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
index e56950f23b49..776c61803315 100644
--- a/arch/alpha/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
+++ b/arch/alpha/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
@@ -477,3 +477,4 @@ 
 # 545 reserved for clone3
 546	common	watch_devices			sys_watch_devices
 547	common	openat2				sys_openat2
+548	common	process_madvise			sys_process_madvise
diff --git a/arch/arm/tools/syscall.tbl b/arch/arm/tools/syscall.tbl
index 7fb2f4d59210..a43381542276 100644
--- a/arch/arm/tools/syscall.tbl
+++ b/arch/arm/tools/syscall.tbl
@@ -451,3 +451,4 @@ 
 435	common	clone3				sys_clone3
 436	common	watch_devices			sys_watch_devices
 437	common	openat2				sys_openat2
+438	common	process_madvise			sys_process_madvise
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/unistd.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/unistd.h
index 8aa00ccb0b96..b722e47377a5 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/unistd.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/unistd.h
@@ -38,7 +38,7 @@ 
 #define __ARM_NR_compat_set_tls		(__ARM_NR_COMPAT_BASE + 5)
 #define __ARM_NR_COMPAT_END		(__ARM_NR_COMPAT_BASE + 0x800)
 
-#define __NR_compat_syscalls		438
+#define __NR_compat_syscalls		439
 #endif
 
 #define __ARCH_WANT_SYS_CLONE
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/unistd32.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/unistd32.h
index 31f0ce25719e..e3643d7fecc3 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/unistd32.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/unistd32.h
@@ -883,6 +883,8 @@  __SYSCALL(__NR_clone3, sys_clone3)
 __SYSCALL(__NR_watch_devices, sys_watch_devices)
 #define __NR_openat2 437
 __SYSCALL(__NR_openat2, sys_openat2)
+#define __NR_process_madvise 438
+__SYSCALL(__NR_process_madvise, process_madvise)
 
 /*
  * Please add new compat syscalls above this comment and update
diff --git a/arch/ia64/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl b/arch/ia64/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
index b9aa59931905..c156abc9a298 100644
--- a/arch/ia64/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
+++ b/arch/ia64/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
@@ -358,3 +358,4 @@ 
 # 435 reserved for clone3
 436	common	watch_devices			sys_watch_devices
 437	common	openat2				sys_openat2
+438	common	process_madvise			sys_process_madvise
diff --git a/arch/m68k/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl b/arch/m68k/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
index 868c1ef89d35..5b6034b6650f 100644
--- a/arch/m68k/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
+++ b/arch/m68k/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
@@ -437,3 +437,4 @@ 
 # 435 reserved for clone3
 436	common	watch_devices			sys_watch_devices
 437	common	openat2				sys_openat2
+438	common	process_madvise			sys_process_madvise
diff --git a/arch/microblaze/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl b/arch/microblaze/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
index 544b4cef18b3..4bef584af09c 100644
--- a/arch/microblaze/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
+++ b/arch/microblaze/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
@@ -443,3 +443,4 @@ 
 435	common	clone3				sys_clone3
 436	common	watch_devices			sys_watch_devices
 437	common	openat2				sys_openat2
+438	common	process_madvise			sys_process_madvise
diff --git a/arch/mips/kernel/syscalls/syscall_n32.tbl b/arch/mips/kernel/syscalls/syscall_n32.tbl
index 05e8aee5dae7..7061b2103438 100644
--- a/arch/mips/kernel/syscalls/syscall_n32.tbl
+++ b/arch/mips/kernel/syscalls/syscall_n32.tbl
@@ -376,3 +376,4 @@ 
 435	n32	clone3				__sys_clone3
 436	n32	watch_devices			sys_watch_devices
 437	n32	openat2				sys_openat2
+438	n32	process_madivse			sys_process_madvise
diff --git a/arch/mips/kernel/syscalls/syscall_n64.tbl b/arch/mips/kernel/syscalls/syscall_n64.tbl
index 24d6c01328fb..84042d57fbfb 100644
--- a/arch/mips/kernel/syscalls/syscall_n64.tbl
+++ b/arch/mips/kernel/syscalls/syscall_n64.tbl
@@ -352,3 +352,4 @@ 
 435	n64	clone3				__sys_clone3
 436	n64	watch_devices			sys_watch_devices
 437	n64	openat2				sys_openat2
+438	n64	process_madvise			sys_process_madvise
diff --git a/arch/parisc/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl b/arch/parisc/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
index 4b5f77a4e1a2..5bfd359c7e6f 100644
--- a/arch/parisc/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
+++ b/arch/parisc/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
@@ -435,3 +435,4 @@ 
 435	common	clone3				sys_clone3_wrapper
 436	common	watch_devices			sys_watch_devices
 437	common	openat2				sys_openat2
+438	common	process_madvise			sys_process_madvise
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl b/arch/powerpc/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
index 9716dc85a517..ffa0e679aca0 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
+++ b/arch/powerpc/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
@@ -519,3 +519,4 @@ 
 435	nospu	clone3				ppc_clone3
 436	common	watch_devices			sys_watch_devices
 437	common	openat2				sys_openat2
+438	common	process_madvise			sys_process_madvise
diff --git a/arch/s390/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl b/arch/s390/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
index 7da330f8b03e..c301717216ca 100644
--- a/arch/s390/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
+++ b/arch/s390/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
@@ -440,3 +440,4 @@ 
 435  common	clone3			sys_clone3			sys_clone3
 436  common	watch_devices		sys_watch_devices		sys_watch_devices
 437  common	openat2			sys_openat2			sys_openat2
+438  common	process_madvise		sys_process_madvise		sys_process_madvise
diff --git a/arch/sh/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl b/arch/sh/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
index bb7e68e25337..b8f15701f69f 100644
--- a/arch/sh/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
+++ b/arch/sh/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
@@ -440,3 +440,4 @@ 
 # 435 reserved for clone3
 436	common	watch_devices			sys_watch_devices
 437	common	openat2				sys_openat2
+438	common	process_madvise			sys_process_madvise
diff --git a/arch/sparc/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl b/arch/sparc/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
index 646a1fad7218..7ea95f37b222 100644
--- a/arch/sparc/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
+++ b/arch/sparc/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
@@ -483,3 +483,4 @@ 
 # 435 reserved for clone3
 436	common	watch_devices			sys_watch_devices
 437	common	openat2			sys_openat2
+438	common	process_madvise		sys_process_madvise
diff --git a/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_32.tbl b/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_32.tbl
index 57c53acee290..76a2c266fe7e 100644
--- a/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_32.tbl
+++ b/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_32.tbl
@@ -442,3 +442,4 @@ 
 435	i386	clone3			sys_clone3			__ia32_sys_clone3
 436	i386	watch_devices		sys_watch_devices		__ia32_sys_watch_devices
 437	i386	openat2			sys_openat2			__ia32_sys_openat2
+438	i386	process_madvise		sys_process_madvise		__ia32_sys_process_madvise
diff --git a/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl b/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl
index 1dd8d21f6500..b697cd8620cb 100644
--- a/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl
+++ b/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl
@@ -359,6 +359,7 @@ 
 435	common	clone3			__x64_sys_clone3/ptregs
 436	common	watch_devices		__x64_sys_watch_devices
 437	common	openat2			__x64_sys_openat2
+438	common	process_madvise		__x64_sys_process_madvise
 
 #
 # x32-specific system call numbers start at 512 to avoid cache impact
diff --git a/arch/xtensa/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl b/arch/xtensa/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
index 0f48ab7bd75b..2e9813ecfd7d 100644
--- a/arch/xtensa/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
+++ b/arch/xtensa/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
@@ -408,3 +408,4 @@ 
 435	common	clone3				sys_clone3
 436	common	watch_devices			sys_watch_devices
 437	common	openat2				sys_openat2
+438	common	process_madvise			sys_process_madvise
diff --git a/include/linux/syscalls.h b/include/linux/syscalls.h
index 433c8c85636e..1b58a11ff49f 100644
--- a/include/linux/syscalls.h
+++ b/include/linux/syscalls.h
@@ -877,6 +877,8 @@  asmlinkage long sys_munlockall(void);
 asmlinkage long sys_mincore(unsigned long start, size_t len,
 				unsigned char __user * vec);
 asmlinkage long sys_madvise(unsigned long start, size_t len, int behavior);
+asmlinkage long sys_process_madvise(int pidfd, unsigned long start,
+			size_t len, int behavior, unsigned long flags);
 asmlinkage long sys_remap_file_pages(unsigned long start, unsigned long size,
 			unsigned long prot, unsigned long pgoff,
 			unsigned long flags);
diff --git a/include/uapi/asm-generic/unistd.h b/include/uapi/asm-generic/unistd.h
index 33f3856a9c3c..4a49fbaea013 100644
--- a/include/uapi/asm-generic/unistd.h
+++ b/include/uapi/asm-generic/unistd.h
@@ -856,8 +856,11 @@  __SYSCALL(__NR_watch_devices, sys_watch_devices)
 #define __NR_openat2 437
 __SYSCALL(__NR_openat2, sys_openat2)
 
+#define __NR_process_madvise 438
+__SYSCALL(__NR_process_madvise, sys_process_madvise)
+
 #undef __NR_syscalls
-#define __NR_syscalls 438
+#define __NR_syscalls 439
 
 /*
  * 32 bit systems traditionally used different
diff --git a/kernel/sys_ni.c b/kernel/sys_ni.c
index 0e9b275260f8..10ce5eac8b4b 100644
--- a/kernel/sys_ni.c
+++ b/kernel/sys_ni.c
@@ -281,6 +281,7 @@  COND_SYSCALL(mlockall);
 COND_SYSCALL(munlockall);
 COND_SYSCALL(mincore);
 COND_SYSCALL(madvise);
+COND_SYSCALL(process_madvise);
 COND_SYSCALL(remap_file_pages);
 COND_SYSCALL(mbind);
 COND_SYSCALL_COMPAT(mbind);
diff --git a/mm/madvise.c b/mm/madvise.c
index 0c901de531e4..00ffa7e92f79 100644
--- a/mm/madvise.c
+++ b/mm/madvise.c
@@ -17,6 +17,7 @@ 
 #include <linux/falloc.h>
 #include <linux/fadvise.h>
 #include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/sched/mm.h>
 #include <linux/ksm.h>
 #include <linux/fs.h>
 #include <linux/file.h>
@@ -315,6 +316,8 @@  static int madvise_cold_or_pageout_pte_range(pmd_t *pmd,
 
 	if (fatal_signal_pending(task))
 		return -EINTR;
+	else if (current != task && fatal_signal_pending(current))
+		return -EINTR;
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE
 	if (pmd_trans_huge(*pmd)) {
@@ -993,6 +996,18 @@  madvise_behavior_valid(int behavior)
 	}
 }
 
+static bool
+process_madvise_behavior_valid(int behavior)
+{
+	switch (behavior) {
+	case MADV_COLD:
+	case MADV_PAGEOUT:
+		return true;
+	default:
+		return false;
+	}
+}
+
 /*
  * madvise_common - request behavior hint to address range of the target process
  *
@@ -1151,6 +1166,11 @@  static int madvise_common(struct task_struct *task, struct mm_struct *mm,
  *  MADV_DONTDUMP - the application wants to prevent pages in the given range
  *		from being included in its core dump.
  *  MADV_DODUMP - cancel MADV_DONTDUMP: no longer exclude from core dump.
+ *  MADV_COLD - the application uses the memory less so the kernel can
+ *		deactivate the memory to evict them quickly when the memory
+ *		pressure happen.
+ *  MADV_PAGEOUT - the application uses the memroy very rarely so kernel can
+ *		page out the memory instantly.
  *
  * return values:
  *  zero    - success
@@ -1169,3 +1189,49 @@  SYSCALL_DEFINE3(madvise, unsigned long, start, size_t, len_in, int, behavior)
 {
 	return madvise_common(current, current->mm, start, len_in, behavior);
 }
+
+SYSCALL_DEFINE5(process_madvise, int, pidfd, unsigned long, start,
+		size_t, len_in, int, behavior, unsigned long, flags)
+{
+	int ret;
+	struct fd f;
+	struct pid *pid;
+	struct task_struct *task;
+	struct mm_struct *mm;
+
+	if (flags != 0)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	if (!process_madvise_behavior_valid(behavior))
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	f = fdget(pidfd);
+	if (!f.file)
+		return -EBADF;
+
+	pid = pidfd_pid(f.file);
+	if (IS_ERR(pid)) {
+		ret = PTR_ERR(pid);
+		goto fdput;
+	}
+
+	task = get_pid_task(pid, PIDTYPE_PID);
+	if (!task) {
+		ret = -ESRCH;
+		goto fdput;
+	}
+
+	mm = mm_access(task, PTRACE_MODE_ATTACH_FSCREDS);
+	if (IS_ERR_OR_NULL(mm)) {
+		ret = IS_ERR(mm) ? PTR_ERR(mm) : -ESRCH;
+		goto release_task;
+	}
+
+	ret = madvise_common(task, mm, start, len_in, behavior);
+	mmput(mm);
+release_task:
+	put_task_struct(task);
+fdput:
+	fdput(f);
+	return ret;
+}