[RFC,tip/core/rcu,2/2] rcu: Add comments marking transitions between RCU watching and not
diff mbox series

Message ID 20200313024046.27622-2-paulmck@kernel.org
State In Next
Commit eca3b6dd22f9978c69399636091fdcb8e915f157
Headers show
Series
  • Fix RCU idle-exit problem and comment
Related show

Commit Message

Paul E. McKenney March 13, 2020, 2:40 a.m. UTC
From: "Paul E. McKenney" <paulmck@kernel.org>

It is not as clear as it might be just where in RCU's idle entry/exit
code RCU stops and starts watching the current CPU.  This commit therefore
adds comments calling out the transitions.

Reported-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@kernel.org>
---
 kernel/rcu/tree.c | 29 +++++++++++++++++++++++++----
 1 file changed, 25 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/kernel/rcu/tree.c b/kernel/rcu/tree.c
index f7d3e48..2f4c91a 100644
--- a/kernel/rcu/tree.c
+++ b/kernel/rcu/tree.c
@@ -225,7 +225,9 @@  void rcu_softirq_qs(void)
 
 /*
  * Record entry into an extended quiescent state.  This is only to be
- * called when not already in an extended quiescent state.
+ * called when not already in an extended quiescent state, that is,
+ * RCU is watching prior to the call to this function and is no longer
+ * watching upon return.
  */
 static void rcu_dynticks_eqs_enter(void)
 {
@@ -238,7 +240,7 @@  static void rcu_dynticks_eqs_enter(void)
 	 * next idle sojourn.
 	 */
 	seq = atomic_add_return(RCU_DYNTICK_CTRL_CTR, &rdp->dynticks);
-	/* Better be in an extended quiescent state! */
+	// RCU is no longer watching.  Better be in extended quiescent state!
 	WARN_ON_ONCE(IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_RCU_EQS_DEBUG) &&
 		     (seq & RCU_DYNTICK_CTRL_CTR));
 	/* Better not have special action (TLB flush) pending! */
@@ -248,7 +250,8 @@  static void rcu_dynticks_eqs_enter(void)
 
 /*
  * Record exit from an extended quiescent state.  This is only to be
- * called from an extended quiescent state.
+ * called from an extended quiescent state, that is, RCU is not watching
+ * prior to the call to this function and is watching upon return.
  */
 static void rcu_dynticks_eqs_exit(void)
 {
@@ -261,6 +264,7 @@  static void rcu_dynticks_eqs_exit(void)
 	 * critical section.
 	 */
 	seq = atomic_add_return(RCU_DYNTICK_CTRL_CTR, &rdp->dynticks);
+	// RCU is now watching.  Better not be in an extended quiescent state!
 	WARN_ON_ONCE(IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_RCU_EQS_DEBUG) &&
 		     !(seq & RCU_DYNTICK_CTRL_CTR));
 	if (seq & RCU_DYNTICK_CTRL_MASK) {
@@ -571,6 +575,7 @@  static void rcu_eqs_enter(bool user)
 	WARN_ON_ONCE(IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_RCU_EQS_DEBUG) &&
 		     rdp->dynticks_nesting == 0);
 	if (rdp->dynticks_nesting != 1) {
+		// RCU will still be watching, so just do accounting and leave.
 		rdp->dynticks_nesting--;
 		return;
 	}
@@ -583,7 +588,9 @@  static void rcu_eqs_enter(bool user)
 	rcu_prepare_for_idle();
 	rcu_preempt_deferred_qs(current);
 	WRITE_ONCE(rdp->dynticks_nesting, 0); /* Avoid irq-access tearing. */
+	// RCU is watching here ...
 	rcu_dynticks_eqs_enter();
+	// ... but is no longer watching here.
 	rcu_dynticks_task_enter();
 }
 
@@ -663,7 +670,9 @@  static __always_inline void rcu_nmi_exit_common(bool irq)
 	if (irq)
 		rcu_prepare_for_idle();
 
+	// RCU is watching here ...
 	rcu_dynticks_eqs_enter();
+	// ... but is no longer watching here.
 
 	if (irq)
 		rcu_dynticks_task_enter();
@@ -738,11 +747,14 @@  static void rcu_eqs_exit(bool user)
 	oldval = rdp->dynticks_nesting;
 	WARN_ON_ONCE(IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_RCU_EQS_DEBUG) && oldval < 0);
 	if (oldval) {
+		// RCU was already watching, so just do accounting and leave.
 		rdp->dynticks_nesting++;
 		return;
 	}
 	rcu_dynticks_task_exit();
+	// RCU is not watching here ...
 	rcu_dynticks_eqs_exit();
+	// ... but is watching here.
 	rcu_cleanup_after_idle();
 	trace_rcu_dyntick(TPS("End"), rdp->dynticks_nesting, 1, atomic_read(&rdp->dynticks));
 	WARN_ON_ONCE(IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_RCU_EQS_DEBUG) && !user && !is_idle_task(current));
@@ -819,7 +831,9 @@  static __always_inline void rcu_nmi_enter_common(bool irq)
 		if (irq)
 			rcu_dynticks_task_exit();
 
+		// RCU is not watching here ...
 		rcu_dynticks_eqs_exit();
+		// ... but is watching here.
 
 		if (irq)
 			rcu_cleanup_after_idle();
@@ -829,9 +843,16 @@  static __always_inline void rcu_nmi_enter_common(bool irq)
 		   rdp->dynticks_nmi_nesting == DYNTICK_IRQ_NONIDLE &&
 		   READ_ONCE(rdp->rcu_urgent_qs) &&
 		   !READ_ONCE(rdp->rcu_forced_tick)) {
+		// We get here only if we had already exited the extended
+		// quiescent state and this was an interrupt (not an NMI).
+		// Therefore, (1) RCU is already watching and (2) The fact
+		// that we are in an interrupt handler and that the rcu_node
+		// lock is an irq-disabled lock prevents self-deadlock.
+		// So we can safely recheck under the lock.
 		raw_spin_lock_rcu_node(rdp->mynode);
-		// Recheck under lock.
 		if (rdp->rcu_urgent_qs && !rdp->rcu_forced_tick) {
+			// A nohz_full CPU is in the kernel and RCU
+			// needs a quiescent state.  Turn on the tick!
 			WRITE_ONCE(rdp->rcu_forced_tick, true);
 			tick_dep_set_cpu(rdp->cpu, TICK_DEP_BIT_RCU);
 		}