[v2,8/8] mm/memory_hotplug: allow to specify a default online_type
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Message ID 20200317104942.11178-9-david@redhat.com
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Commit 2796ab20f6335ec206969dae3c3153a4d5f12bea
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  • [v2,1/8] drivers/base/memory: rename MMOP_ONLINE_KEEP to MMOP_ONLINE
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Commit Message

David Hildenbrand March 17, 2020, 10:49 a.m. UTC
For now, distributions implement advanced udev rules to essentially
- Don't online any hotplugged memory (s390x)
- Online all memory to ZONE_NORMAL (e.g., most virt environments like
  hyperv)
- Online all memory to ZONE_MOVABLE in case the zone imbalance is taken
  care of (e.g., bare metal, special virt environments)

In summary: All memory is usually onlined the same way, however, the
kernel always has to ask user space to come up with the same answer.
E.g., Hyper-V always waits for a memory block to get onlined before
continuing, otherwise it might end up adding memory faster than
hotplugging it, which can result in strange OOM situations. This waiting
slows down adding of a bigger amount of memory.

Let's allow to specify a default online_type, not just "online" and
"offline". This allows distributions to configure the default online_type
when booting up and be done with it.

We can now specify "offline", "online", "online_movable" and
"online_kernel" via
- "memhp_default_state=" on the kernel cmdline
- /sys/devices/system/memory/auto_online_blocks
just like we are able to specify for a single memory block via
/sys/devices/system/memory/memoryX/state

Reviewed-by: Wei Yang <richard.weiyang@gmail.com>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
Cc: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Cc: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rafael@kernel.org>
Cc: Baoquan He <bhe@redhat.com>
Cc: Wei Yang <richard.weiyang@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
---
 drivers/base/memory.c          | 11 +++++------
 include/linux/memory_hotplug.h |  2 ++
 mm/memory_hotplug.c            |  8 ++++----
 3 files changed, 11 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)

Comments

Michal Hocko March 17, 2020, 11:01 a.m. UTC | #1
On Tue 17-03-20 11:49:42, David Hildenbrand wrote:
> For now, distributions implement advanced udev rules to essentially
> - Don't online any hotplugged memory (s390x)
> - Online all memory to ZONE_NORMAL (e.g., most virt environments like
>   hyperv)
> - Online all memory to ZONE_MOVABLE in case the zone imbalance is taken
>   care of (e.g., bare metal, special virt environments)
> 
> In summary: All memory is usually onlined the same way, however, the
> kernel always has to ask user space to come up with the same answer.
> E.g., Hyper-V always waits for a memory block to get onlined before
> continuing, otherwise it might end up adding memory faster than
> hotplugging it, which can result in strange OOM situations. This waiting
> slows down adding of a bigger amount of memory.
> 
> Let's allow to specify a default online_type, not just "online" and
> "offline". This allows distributions to configure the default online_type
> when booting up and be done with it.
> 
> We can now specify "offline", "online", "online_movable" and
> "online_kernel" via
> - "memhp_default_state=" on the kernel cmdline
> - /sys/devices/system/memory/auto_online_blocks
> just like we are able to specify for a single memory block via
> /sys/devices/system/memory/memoryX/state
> 
> Reviewed-by: Wei Yang <richard.weiyang@gmail.com>
> Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
> Cc: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
> Cc: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rafael@kernel.org>
> Cc: Baoquan He <bhe@redhat.com>
> Cc: Wei Yang <richard.weiyang@gmail.com>
> Signed-off-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>

As I've said earlier and several times already, I really dislike this
interface. But it is fact that this patch doesn't make it any worse.
Quite contrary, so feel free to add
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>

> ---
>  drivers/base/memory.c          | 11 +++++------
>  include/linux/memory_hotplug.h |  2 ++
>  mm/memory_hotplug.c            |  8 ++++----
>  3 files changed, 11 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/drivers/base/memory.c b/drivers/base/memory.c
> index 8d3e16dab69f..2b09b68b9f78 100644
> --- a/drivers/base/memory.c
> +++ b/drivers/base/memory.c
> @@ -35,7 +35,7 @@ static const char *const online_type_to_str[] = {
>  	[MMOP_ONLINE_MOVABLE] = "online_movable",
>  };
>  
> -static int memhp_online_type_from_str(const char *str)
> +int memhp_online_type_from_str(const char *str)
>  {
>  	int i;
>  
> @@ -394,13 +394,12 @@ static ssize_t auto_online_blocks_store(struct device *dev,
>  					struct device_attribute *attr,
>  					const char *buf, size_t count)
>  {
> -	if (sysfs_streq(buf, "online"))
> -		memhp_default_online_type = MMOP_ONLINE;
> -	else if (sysfs_streq(buf, "offline"))
> -		memhp_default_online_type = MMOP_OFFLINE;
> -	else
> +	const int online_type = memhp_online_type_from_str(buf);
> +
> +	if (online_type < 0)
>  		return -EINVAL;
>  
> +	memhp_default_online_type = online_type;
>  	return count;
>  }
>  
> diff --git a/include/linux/memory_hotplug.h b/include/linux/memory_hotplug.h
> index c6e090b34c4b..ef55115320fb 100644
> --- a/include/linux/memory_hotplug.h
> +++ b/include/linux/memory_hotplug.h
> @@ -117,6 +117,8 @@ extern int arch_add_memory(int nid, u64 start, u64 size,
>  			struct mhp_restrictions *restrictions);
>  extern u64 max_mem_size;
>  
> +extern int memhp_online_type_from_str(const char *str);
> +
>  /* Default online_type (MMOP_*) when new memory blocks are added. */
>  extern int memhp_default_online_type;
>  /* If movable_node boot option specified */
> diff --git a/mm/memory_hotplug.c b/mm/memory_hotplug.c
> index 1975a2b99a2b..9916977b6ee1 100644
> --- a/mm/memory_hotplug.c
> +++ b/mm/memory_hotplug.c
> @@ -74,10 +74,10 @@ int memhp_default_online_type = MMOP_ONLINE;
>  
>  static int __init setup_memhp_default_state(char *str)
>  {
> -	if (!strcmp(str, "online"))
> -		memhp_default_online_type = MMOP_ONLINE;
> -	else if (!strcmp(str, "offline"))
> -		memhp_default_online_type = MMOP_OFFLINE;
> +	const int online_type = memhp_online_type_from_str(str);
> +
> +	if (online_type >= 0)
> +		memhp_default_online_type = online_type;
>  
>  	return 1;
>  }
> -- 
> 2.24.1
David Hildenbrand March 17, 2020, 11:05 a.m. UTC | #2
On 17.03.20 12:01, Michal Hocko wrote:
> On Tue 17-03-20 11:49:42, David Hildenbrand wrote:
>> For now, distributions implement advanced udev rules to essentially
>> - Don't online any hotplugged memory (s390x)
>> - Online all memory to ZONE_NORMAL (e.g., most virt environments like
>>   hyperv)
>> - Online all memory to ZONE_MOVABLE in case the zone imbalance is taken
>>   care of (e.g., bare metal, special virt environments)
>>
>> In summary: All memory is usually onlined the same way, however, the
>> kernel always has to ask user space to come up with the same answer.
>> E.g., Hyper-V always waits for a memory block to get onlined before
>> continuing, otherwise it might end up adding memory faster than
>> hotplugging it, which can result in strange OOM situations. This waiting
>> slows down adding of a bigger amount of memory.
>>
>> Let's allow to specify a default online_type, not just "online" and
>> "offline". This allows distributions to configure the default online_type
>> when booting up and be done with it.
>>
>> We can now specify "offline", "online", "online_movable" and
>> "online_kernel" via
>> - "memhp_default_state=" on the kernel cmdline
>> - /sys/devices/system/memory/auto_online_blocks
>> just like we are able to specify for a single memory block via
>> /sys/devices/system/memory/memoryX/state
>>
>> Reviewed-by: Wei Yang <richard.weiyang@gmail.com>
>> Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
>> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
>> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
>> Cc: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
>> Cc: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rafael@kernel.org>
>> Cc: Baoquan He <bhe@redhat.com>
>> Cc: Wei Yang <richard.weiyang@gmail.com>
>> Signed-off-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
> 
> As I've said earlier and several times already, I really dislike this
> interface. But it is fact that this patch doesn't make it any worse.
> Quite contrary, so feel free to add
> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>

Thanks Michal!
David Hildenbrand March 17, 2020, 11:08 a.m. UTC | #3
On 17.03.20 11:49, David Hildenbrand wrote:
> For now, distributions implement advanced udev rules to essentially
> - Don't online any hotplugged memory (s390x)
> - Online all memory to ZONE_NORMAL (e.g., most virt environments like
>   hyperv)
> - Online all memory to ZONE_MOVABLE in case the zone imbalance is taken
>   care of (e.g., bare metal, special virt environments)
> 
> In summary: All memory is usually onlined the same way, however, the
> kernel always has to ask user space to come up with the same answer.
> E.g., Hyper-V always waits for a memory block to get onlined before
> continuing, otherwise it might end up adding memory faster than
> hotplugging it, which can result in strange OOM situations. This waiting

s/hotplugging/onlining/

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/drivers/base/memory.c b/drivers/base/memory.c
index 8d3e16dab69f..2b09b68b9f78 100644
--- a/drivers/base/memory.c
+++ b/drivers/base/memory.c
@@ -35,7 +35,7 @@  static const char *const online_type_to_str[] = {
 	[MMOP_ONLINE_MOVABLE] = "online_movable",
 };
 
-static int memhp_online_type_from_str(const char *str)
+int memhp_online_type_from_str(const char *str)
 {
 	int i;
 
@@ -394,13 +394,12 @@  static ssize_t auto_online_blocks_store(struct device *dev,
 					struct device_attribute *attr,
 					const char *buf, size_t count)
 {
-	if (sysfs_streq(buf, "online"))
-		memhp_default_online_type = MMOP_ONLINE;
-	else if (sysfs_streq(buf, "offline"))
-		memhp_default_online_type = MMOP_OFFLINE;
-	else
+	const int online_type = memhp_online_type_from_str(buf);
+
+	if (online_type < 0)
 		return -EINVAL;
 
+	memhp_default_online_type = online_type;
 	return count;
 }
 
diff --git a/include/linux/memory_hotplug.h b/include/linux/memory_hotplug.h
index c6e090b34c4b..ef55115320fb 100644
--- a/include/linux/memory_hotplug.h
+++ b/include/linux/memory_hotplug.h
@@ -117,6 +117,8 @@  extern int arch_add_memory(int nid, u64 start, u64 size,
 			struct mhp_restrictions *restrictions);
 extern u64 max_mem_size;
 
+extern int memhp_online_type_from_str(const char *str);
+
 /* Default online_type (MMOP_*) when new memory blocks are added. */
 extern int memhp_default_online_type;
 /* If movable_node boot option specified */
diff --git a/mm/memory_hotplug.c b/mm/memory_hotplug.c
index 1975a2b99a2b..9916977b6ee1 100644
--- a/mm/memory_hotplug.c
+++ b/mm/memory_hotplug.c
@@ -74,10 +74,10 @@  int memhp_default_online_type = MMOP_ONLINE;
 
 static int __init setup_memhp_default_state(char *str)
 {
-	if (!strcmp(str, "online"))
-		memhp_default_online_type = MMOP_ONLINE;
-	else if (!strcmp(str, "offline"))
-		memhp_default_online_type = MMOP_OFFLINE;
+	const int online_type = memhp_online_type_from_str(str);
+
+	if (online_type >= 0)
+		memhp_default_online_type = online_type;
 
 	return 1;
 }