[V9,11/11] Documentation/dax: Update Usage section
diff mbox series

Message ID 20200421191754.3372370-12-ira.weiny@intel.com
State New
Headers show
Series
  • XFS - Enable per-file/per-directory DAX operations V9
Related show

Commit Message

Ira Weiny April 21, 2020, 7:17 p.m. UTC
From: Ira Weiny <ira.weiny@intel.com>

Update the Usage section to reflect the new individual dax selection
functionality.

Signed-off-by: Ira Weiny <ira.weiny@intel.com>

---
Changes from V8:
	Updates from Darrick

Changes from V7:
	Cleanups/clarifications from Darrick and Dan

Changes from V6:
	Update to allow setting FS_XFLAG_DAX any time.
	Update with list of behaviors from Darrick
	https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20200409165927.GD6741@magnolia/

Changes from V5:
	Update to reflect the agreed upon semantics
	https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20200405061945.GA94792@iweiny-DESK2.sc.intel.com/
---
 Documentation/filesystems/dax.txt | 164 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
 1 file changed, 161 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

Comments

Darrick J. Wong April 21, 2020, 8:34 p.m. UTC | #1
On Tue, Apr 21, 2020 at 12:17:53PM -0700, ira.weiny@intel.com wrote:
> From: Ira Weiny <ira.weiny@intel.com>
> 
> Update the Usage section to reflect the new individual dax selection
> functionality.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Ira Weiny <ira.weiny@intel.com>
> 
> ---
> Changes from V8:
> 	Updates from Darrick
> 
> Changes from V7:
> 	Cleanups/clarifications from Darrick and Dan
> 
> Changes from V6:
> 	Update to allow setting FS_XFLAG_DAX any time.
> 	Update with list of behaviors from Darrick
> 	https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20200409165927.GD6741@magnolia/
> 
> Changes from V5:
> 	Update to reflect the agreed upon semantics
> 	https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20200405061945.GA94792@iweiny-DESK2.sc.intel.com/
> ---
>  Documentation/filesystems/dax.txt | 164 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
>  1 file changed, 161 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/Documentation/filesystems/dax.txt b/Documentation/filesystems/dax.txt
> index 679729442fd2..8f4ab08be715 100644
> --- a/Documentation/filesystems/dax.txt
> +++ b/Documentation/filesystems/dax.txt
> @@ -17,11 +17,169 @@ For file mappings, the storage device is mapped directly into userspace.
>  Usage
>  -----
>  
> -If you have a block device which supports DAX, you can make a filesystem
> +If you have a block device which supports DAX, you can make a file system
>  on it as usual.  The DAX code currently only supports files with a block
>  size equal to your kernel's PAGE_SIZE, so you may need to specify a block
> -size when creating the filesystem.  When mounting it, use the "-o dax"
> -option on the command line or add 'dax' to the options in /etc/fstab.
> +size when creating the file system.
> +
> +Currently 3 filesystems support DAX: ext2, ext4 and xfs.  Enabling DAX on them
> +is different.
> +
> +Enabling DAX on ext4 and ext2
> +-----------------------------
> +
> +When mounting the filesystem, use the "-o dax" option on the command line or
> +add 'dax' to the options in /etc/fstab.  This works to enable DAX on all files
> +within the filesystem.  It is equivalent to the '-o dax=always' behavior below.
> +
> +
> +Enabling DAX on xfs
> +-------------------
> +
> +Summary
> +-------
> +
> + 1. There exists an in-kernel file access mode flag S_DAX that corresponds to
> +    the statx flag STATX_ATTR_DAX.  See the manpage for statx(2) for details
> +    about this access mode.
> +
> + 2. There exists an advisory file inode flag FS_XFLAG_DAX that is
> +    inherited from the parent directory FS_XFLAG_DAX inode flag at file
> +    creation time.  This advisory flag can be set or cleared at any
> +    time, but doing so does not immediately affect the S_DAX state.
> +
> +    Unless overridden by mount options (see (3)), if FS_XFLAG_DAX is set
> +    and the fs is on pmem then it will enable S_DAX at inode load time;
> +    if FS_XFLAG_DAX is not set, it will not enable S_DAX.
> +
> + 3. There exists a dax= mount option.
> +
> +    "-o dax=never"  means "never set S_DAX, ignore FS_XFLAG_DAX."
> +
> +    "-o dax=always" means "always set S_DAX (at least on pmem),
> +                    and ignore FS_XFLAG_DAX."
> +
> +    "-o dax"        is an alias for "dax=always".
> +
> +    "-o dax=inode"  means "follow FS_XFLAG_DAX" and is the default.
> +
> + 4. There exists an advisory directory inode flag FS_XFLAG_DAX that can
> +    be set or cleared at any time.  The flag state is inherited by any files or
> +    subdirectories when they are created within that directory.
> +
> + 5. Programs that require a specific file access mode (DAX or not DAX)
> +    can do one of the following:
> +
> +    (a) Create files in directories that the FS_XFLAG_DAX flag set as
> +        needed; or
> +
> +    (b) Have the administrator set an override via mount option; or
> +
> +    (c) Set or clear the file's FS_XFLAG_DAX flag as needed.  Programs
> +        must then cause the kernel to evict the inode from memory.  This
> +        can be done by:
> +
> +        i>  Closing the file and re-opening the file and using statx to
> +            see if the fs has changed the S_DAX flag; and
> +
> +        ii> If the file still does not have the desired S_DAX access
> +            mode, either unmount and remount the filesystem, or close
> +            the file and use drop_caches.
> +
> + 6. It is expected that users who want to squeeze every last bit of performance
> +    out of the particular rough and tumble bits of their storage will also be
> +    exposed to the difficulties of what happens when the operating system can't
> +    totally virtualize those hardware capabilities.  DAX is such a feature.
> +
> +
> +Details
> +-------
> +
> +There are 2 per-file dax flags.  One is a physical inode setting (FS_XFLAG_DAX)
> +and the other a currently enabled state (S_DAX).
> +
> +FS_XFLAG_DAX is maintained, on disk, on individual inodes.  It is preserved
> +within the file system.  This 'physical' config setting can be set using an
> +ioctl and/or an application such as "xfs_io -c 'chattr [-+]x'".  Files and
> +directories automatically inherit FS_XFLAG_DAX from their parent directory
> +_when_ _created_.  Therefore, setting FS_XFLAG_DAX at directory creation time
> +can be used to set a default behavior for an entire sub-tree.  (Doing so on the
> +root directory acts to set a default for the entire file system.)
> +
> +To clarify inheritance here are 3 examples:
> +
> +Example A:
> +
> +mkdir -p a/b/c
> +xfs_io 'chattr +x' a
> +mkdir a/b/c/d
> +mkdir a/e
> +
> +	dax: a,e
> +	no dax: b,c,d
> +
> +Example B:
> +
> +mkdir a
> +xfs_io 'chattr +x' a
> +mkdir -p a/b/c/d
> +
> +	dax: a,b,c,d
> +	no dax:
> +
> +Example C:
> +
> +mkdir -p a/b/c
> +xfs_io 'chattr +x' c
> +mkdir a/b/c/d
> +
> +	dax: c,d
> +	no dax: a,b
> +
> +
> +The current enabled state (S_DAX) is set when a file inode is _loaded_ based on
> +the underlying media support, the value of FS_XFLAG_DAX, and the file systems
> +dax mount option setting.  See below.
> +
> +statx can be used to query S_DAX.  NOTE that a directory will never have S_DAX
> +set and therefore statx will never indicate that S_DAX is set on directories.
> +
> +NOTE: Setting the FS_XFLAG_DAX (specifically or through inheritance) occurs
> +even if the underlying media does not support dax and/or the file system is
> +overridden with a mount option.
> +
> +
> +Overriding FS_XFLAG_DAX (dax= mount option)
> +-------------------------------------------
> +
> +There exists a dax mount option.  Using the mount option does not change the
> +physical configured state of individual files but overrides the S_DAX operating
> +state when inodes are loaded.
> +
> +Given underlying media support, the dax mount option is a tri-state option
> +(never, always, inode) with the following meanings:
> +
> +   "-o dax=never" means "never set S_DAX, ignore FS_XFLAG_DAX"
> +   "-o dax=always" means "always set S_DAX, ignore FS_XFLAG_DAX"
> +        "-o dax" by itself means "dax=always" to remain compatible with older
> +	         kernels
> +   "-o dax=inode" means "follow FS_XFLAG_DAX"
> +
> +The default state is 'inode'.  Given underlying media support, the following
> +algorithm is used to determine the effective mode of the file S_DAX on a
> +capable device.
> +
> +	S_DAX = FS_XFLAG_DAX;
> +
> +	if (dax_mount == "always")
> +		S_DAX = true;
> +	else if (dax_mount == "off"

Missing trailing parenthesis here.

> +		S_DAX = false;
> +
> +To reiterate: Setting, and inheritance, continues to affect FS_XFLAG_DAX even
> +while the file system is mounted with a dax override.  However, in-core inode
> +state (S_DAX) will continue to be overridden until the filesystem is remounted
> +with dax=inode and the inode is evicted."

Trailing double-quote here.

Otherwise, this looks good to me.

--D

>  
>  
>  Implementation Tips for Block Driver Writers
> -- 
> 2.25.1
>
Ira Weiny April 21, 2020, 9:49 p.m. UTC | #2
On Tue, Apr 21, 2020 at 01:34:23PM -0700, Darrick J. Wong wrote:
> On Tue, Apr 21, 2020 at 12:17:53PM -0700, ira.weiny@intel.com wrote:
> > From: Ira Weiny <ira.weiny@intel.com>
> > 
> > Update the Usage section to reflect the new individual dax selection
> > functionality.
> > 

[snip]

> > +
> > +The default state is 'inode'.  Given underlying media support, the following
> > +algorithm is used to determine the effective mode of the file S_DAX on a
> > +capable device.
> > +
> > +	S_DAX = FS_XFLAG_DAX;
> > +
> > +	if (dax_mount == "always")
> > +		S_DAX = true;
> > +	else if (dax_mount == "off"
> 
> Missing trailing parenthesis here.

Done.

> 
> > +		S_DAX = false;
> > +
> > +To reiterate: Setting, and inheritance, continues to affect FS_XFLAG_DAX even
> > +while the file system is mounted with a dax override.  However, in-core inode
> > +state (S_DAX) will continue to be overridden until the filesystem is remounted
> > +with dax=inode and the inode is evicted."
> 
> Trailing double-quote here.

Fixed done.

> 
> Otherwise, this looks good to me.

thanks,
Ira
Jan Kara April 22, 2020, 9:47 a.m. UTC | #3
On Tue 21-04-20 12:17:53, ira.weiny@intel.com wrote:
> From: Ira Weiny <ira.weiny@intel.com>
> 
> Update the Usage section to reflect the new individual dax selection
> functionality.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Ira Weiny <ira.weiny@intel.com>

Looks good to me. You can add:

Reviewed-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>

								Honza

> 
> ---
> Changes from V8:
> 	Updates from Darrick
> 
> Changes from V7:
> 	Cleanups/clarifications from Darrick and Dan
> 
> Changes from V6:
> 	Update to allow setting FS_XFLAG_DAX any time.
> 	Update with list of behaviors from Darrick
> 	https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20200409165927.GD6741@magnolia/
> 
> Changes from V5:
> 	Update to reflect the agreed upon semantics
> 	https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20200405061945.GA94792@iweiny-DESK2.sc.intel.com/
> ---
>  Documentation/filesystems/dax.txt | 164 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
>  1 file changed, 161 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/Documentation/filesystems/dax.txt b/Documentation/filesystems/dax.txt
> index 679729442fd2..8f4ab08be715 100644
> --- a/Documentation/filesystems/dax.txt
> +++ b/Documentation/filesystems/dax.txt
> @@ -17,11 +17,169 @@ For file mappings, the storage device is mapped directly into userspace.
>  Usage
>  -----
>  
> -If you have a block device which supports DAX, you can make a filesystem
> +If you have a block device which supports DAX, you can make a file system
>  on it as usual.  The DAX code currently only supports files with a block
>  size equal to your kernel's PAGE_SIZE, so you may need to specify a block
> -size when creating the filesystem.  When mounting it, use the "-o dax"
> -option on the command line or add 'dax' to the options in /etc/fstab.
> +size when creating the file system.
> +
> +Currently 3 filesystems support DAX: ext2, ext4 and xfs.  Enabling DAX on them
> +is different.
> +
> +Enabling DAX on ext4 and ext2
> +-----------------------------
> +
> +When mounting the filesystem, use the "-o dax" option on the command line or
> +add 'dax' to the options in /etc/fstab.  This works to enable DAX on all files
> +within the filesystem.  It is equivalent to the '-o dax=always' behavior below.
> +
> +
> +Enabling DAX on xfs
> +-------------------
> +
> +Summary
> +-------
> +
> + 1. There exists an in-kernel file access mode flag S_DAX that corresponds to
> +    the statx flag STATX_ATTR_DAX.  See the manpage for statx(2) for details
> +    about this access mode.
> +
> + 2. There exists an advisory file inode flag FS_XFLAG_DAX that is
> +    inherited from the parent directory FS_XFLAG_DAX inode flag at file
> +    creation time.  This advisory flag can be set or cleared at any
> +    time, but doing so does not immediately affect the S_DAX state.
> +
> +    Unless overridden by mount options (see (3)), if FS_XFLAG_DAX is set
> +    and the fs is on pmem then it will enable S_DAX at inode load time;
> +    if FS_XFLAG_DAX is not set, it will not enable S_DAX.
> +
> + 3. There exists a dax= mount option.
> +
> +    "-o dax=never"  means "never set S_DAX, ignore FS_XFLAG_DAX."
> +
> +    "-o dax=always" means "always set S_DAX (at least on pmem),
> +                    and ignore FS_XFLAG_DAX."
> +
> +    "-o dax"        is an alias for "dax=always".
> +
> +    "-o dax=inode"  means "follow FS_XFLAG_DAX" and is the default.
> +
> + 4. There exists an advisory directory inode flag FS_XFLAG_DAX that can
> +    be set or cleared at any time.  The flag state is inherited by any files or
> +    subdirectories when they are created within that directory.
> +
> + 5. Programs that require a specific file access mode (DAX or not DAX)
> +    can do one of the following:
> +
> +    (a) Create files in directories that the FS_XFLAG_DAX flag set as
> +        needed; or
> +
> +    (b) Have the administrator set an override via mount option; or
> +
> +    (c) Set or clear the file's FS_XFLAG_DAX flag as needed.  Programs
> +        must then cause the kernel to evict the inode from memory.  This
> +        can be done by:
> +
> +        i>  Closing the file and re-opening the file and using statx to
> +            see if the fs has changed the S_DAX flag; and
> +
> +        ii> If the file still does not have the desired S_DAX access
> +            mode, either unmount and remount the filesystem, or close
> +            the file and use drop_caches.
> +
> + 6. It is expected that users who want to squeeze every last bit of performance
> +    out of the particular rough and tumble bits of their storage will also be
> +    exposed to the difficulties of what happens when the operating system can't
> +    totally virtualize those hardware capabilities.  DAX is such a feature.
> +
> +
> +Details
> +-------
> +
> +There are 2 per-file dax flags.  One is a physical inode setting (FS_XFLAG_DAX)
> +and the other a currently enabled state (S_DAX).
> +
> +FS_XFLAG_DAX is maintained, on disk, on individual inodes.  It is preserved
> +within the file system.  This 'physical' config setting can be set using an
> +ioctl and/or an application such as "xfs_io -c 'chattr [-+]x'".  Files and
> +directories automatically inherit FS_XFLAG_DAX from their parent directory
> +_when_ _created_.  Therefore, setting FS_XFLAG_DAX at directory creation time
> +can be used to set a default behavior for an entire sub-tree.  (Doing so on the
> +root directory acts to set a default for the entire file system.)
> +
> +To clarify inheritance here are 3 examples:
> +
> +Example A:
> +
> +mkdir -p a/b/c
> +xfs_io 'chattr +x' a
> +mkdir a/b/c/d
> +mkdir a/e
> +
> +	dax: a,e
> +	no dax: b,c,d
> +
> +Example B:
> +
> +mkdir a
> +xfs_io 'chattr +x' a
> +mkdir -p a/b/c/d
> +
> +	dax: a,b,c,d
> +	no dax:
> +
> +Example C:
> +
> +mkdir -p a/b/c
> +xfs_io 'chattr +x' c
> +mkdir a/b/c/d
> +
> +	dax: c,d
> +	no dax: a,b
> +
> +
> +The current enabled state (S_DAX) is set when a file inode is _loaded_ based on
> +the underlying media support, the value of FS_XFLAG_DAX, and the file systems
> +dax mount option setting.  See below.
> +
> +statx can be used to query S_DAX.  NOTE that a directory will never have S_DAX
> +set and therefore statx will never indicate that S_DAX is set on directories.
> +
> +NOTE: Setting the FS_XFLAG_DAX (specifically or through inheritance) occurs
> +even if the underlying media does not support dax and/or the file system is
> +overridden with a mount option.
> +
> +
> +Overriding FS_XFLAG_DAX (dax= mount option)
> +-------------------------------------------
> +
> +There exists a dax mount option.  Using the mount option does not change the
> +physical configured state of individual files but overrides the S_DAX operating
> +state when inodes are loaded.
> +
> +Given underlying media support, the dax mount option is a tri-state option
> +(never, always, inode) with the following meanings:
> +
> +   "-o dax=never" means "never set S_DAX, ignore FS_XFLAG_DAX"
> +   "-o dax=always" means "always set S_DAX, ignore FS_XFLAG_DAX"
> +        "-o dax" by itself means "dax=always" to remain compatible with older
> +	         kernels
> +   "-o dax=inode" means "follow FS_XFLAG_DAX"
> +
> +The default state is 'inode'.  Given underlying media support, the following
> +algorithm is used to determine the effective mode of the file S_DAX on a
> +capable device.
> +
> +	S_DAX = FS_XFLAG_DAX;
> +
> +	if (dax_mount == "always")
> +		S_DAX = true;
> +	else if (dax_mount == "off"
> +		S_DAX = false;
> +
> +To reiterate: Setting, and inheritance, continues to affect FS_XFLAG_DAX even
> +while the file system is mounted with a dax override.  However, in-core inode
> +state (S_DAX) will continue to be overridden until the filesystem is remounted
> +with dax=inode and the inode is evicted."
>  
>  
>  Implementation Tips for Block Driver Writers
> -- 
> 2.25.1
>

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/Documentation/filesystems/dax.txt b/Documentation/filesystems/dax.txt
index 679729442fd2..8f4ab08be715 100644
--- a/Documentation/filesystems/dax.txt
+++ b/Documentation/filesystems/dax.txt
@@ -17,11 +17,169 @@  For file mappings, the storage device is mapped directly into userspace.
 Usage
 -----
 
-If you have a block device which supports DAX, you can make a filesystem
+If you have a block device which supports DAX, you can make a file system
 on it as usual.  The DAX code currently only supports files with a block
 size equal to your kernel's PAGE_SIZE, so you may need to specify a block
-size when creating the filesystem.  When mounting it, use the "-o dax"
-option on the command line or add 'dax' to the options in /etc/fstab.
+size when creating the file system.
+
+Currently 3 filesystems support DAX: ext2, ext4 and xfs.  Enabling DAX on them
+is different.
+
+Enabling DAX on ext4 and ext2
+-----------------------------
+
+When mounting the filesystem, use the "-o dax" option on the command line or
+add 'dax' to the options in /etc/fstab.  This works to enable DAX on all files
+within the filesystem.  It is equivalent to the '-o dax=always' behavior below.
+
+
+Enabling DAX on xfs
+-------------------
+
+Summary
+-------
+
+ 1. There exists an in-kernel file access mode flag S_DAX that corresponds to
+    the statx flag STATX_ATTR_DAX.  See the manpage for statx(2) for details
+    about this access mode.
+
+ 2. There exists an advisory file inode flag FS_XFLAG_DAX that is
+    inherited from the parent directory FS_XFLAG_DAX inode flag at file
+    creation time.  This advisory flag can be set or cleared at any
+    time, but doing so does not immediately affect the S_DAX state.
+
+    Unless overridden by mount options (see (3)), if FS_XFLAG_DAX is set
+    and the fs is on pmem then it will enable S_DAX at inode load time;
+    if FS_XFLAG_DAX is not set, it will not enable S_DAX.
+
+ 3. There exists a dax= mount option.
+
+    "-o dax=never"  means "never set S_DAX, ignore FS_XFLAG_DAX."
+
+    "-o dax=always" means "always set S_DAX (at least on pmem),
+                    and ignore FS_XFLAG_DAX."
+
+    "-o dax"        is an alias for "dax=always".
+
+    "-o dax=inode"  means "follow FS_XFLAG_DAX" and is the default.
+
+ 4. There exists an advisory directory inode flag FS_XFLAG_DAX that can
+    be set or cleared at any time.  The flag state is inherited by any files or
+    subdirectories when they are created within that directory.
+
+ 5. Programs that require a specific file access mode (DAX or not DAX)
+    can do one of the following:
+
+    (a) Create files in directories that the FS_XFLAG_DAX flag set as
+        needed; or
+
+    (b) Have the administrator set an override via mount option; or
+
+    (c) Set or clear the file's FS_XFLAG_DAX flag as needed.  Programs
+        must then cause the kernel to evict the inode from memory.  This
+        can be done by:
+
+        i>  Closing the file and re-opening the file and using statx to
+            see if the fs has changed the S_DAX flag; and
+
+        ii> If the file still does not have the desired S_DAX access
+            mode, either unmount and remount the filesystem, or close
+            the file and use drop_caches.
+
+ 6. It is expected that users who want to squeeze every last bit of performance
+    out of the particular rough and tumble bits of their storage will also be
+    exposed to the difficulties of what happens when the operating system can't
+    totally virtualize those hardware capabilities.  DAX is such a feature.
+
+
+Details
+-------
+
+There are 2 per-file dax flags.  One is a physical inode setting (FS_XFLAG_DAX)
+and the other a currently enabled state (S_DAX).
+
+FS_XFLAG_DAX is maintained, on disk, on individual inodes.  It is preserved
+within the file system.  This 'physical' config setting can be set using an
+ioctl and/or an application such as "xfs_io -c 'chattr [-+]x'".  Files and
+directories automatically inherit FS_XFLAG_DAX from their parent directory
+_when_ _created_.  Therefore, setting FS_XFLAG_DAX at directory creation time
+can be used to set a default behavior for an entire sub-tree.  (Doing so on the
+root directory acts to set a default for the entire file system.)
+
+To clarify inheritance here are 3 examples:
+
+Example A:
+
+mkdir -p a/b/c
+xfs_io 'chattr +x' a
+mkdir a/b/c/d
+mkdir a/e
+
+	dax: a,e
+	no dax: b,c,d
+
+Example B:
+
+mkdir a
+xfs_io 'chattr +x' a
+mkdir -p a/b/c/d
+
+	dax: a,b,c,d
+	no dax:
+
+Example C:
+
+mkdir -p a/b/c
+xfs_io 'chattr +x' c
+mkdir a/b/c/d
+
+	dax: c,d
+	no dax: a,b
+
+
+The current enabled state (S_DAX) is set when a file inode is _loaded_ based on
+the underlying media support, the value of FS_XFLAG_DAX, and the file systems
+dax mount option setting.  See below.
+
+statx can be used to query S_DAX.  NOTE that a directory will never have S_DAX
+set and therefore statx will never indicate that S_DAX is set on directories.
+
+NOTE: Setting the FS_XFLAG_DAX (specifically or through inheritance) occurs
+even if the underlying media does not support dax and/or the file system is
+overridden with a mount option.
+
+
+Overriding FS_XFLAG_DAX (dax= mount option)
+-------------------------------------------
+
+There exists a dax mount option.  Using the mount option does not change the
+physical configured state of individual files but overrides the S_DAX operating
+state when inodes are loaded.
+
+Given underlying media support, the dax mount option is a tri-state option
+(never, always, inode) with the following meanings:
+
+   "-o dax=never" means "never set S_DAX, ignore FS_XFLAG_DAX"
+   "-o dax=always" means "always set S_DAX, ignore FS_XFLAG_DAX"
+        "-o dax" by itself means "dax=always" to remain compatible with older
+	         kernels
+   "-o dax=inode" means "follow FS_XFLAG_DAX"
+
+The default state is 'inode'.  Given underlying media support, the following
+algorithm is used to determine the effective mode of the file S_DAX on a
+capable device.
+
+	S_DAX = FS_XFLAG_DAX;
+
+	if (dax_mount == "always")
+		S_DAX = true;
+	else if (dax_mount == "off"
+		S_DAX = false;
+
+To reiterate: Setting, and inheritance, continues to affect FS_XFLAG_DAX even
+while the file system is mounted with a dax override.  However, in-core inode
+state (S_DAX) will continue to be overridden until the filesystem is remounted
+with dax=inode and the inode is evicted."
 
 
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