[v3,03/12] powerpc/kexec_file: add helper functions for getting memory ranges
diff mbox series

Message ID 159466087136.24747.16494497863685481495.stgit@hbathini.in.ibm.com
State New
Headers show
Series
  • ppc64: enable kdump support for kexec_file_load syscall
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Commit Message

Hari Bathini July 13, 2020, 5:21 p.m. UTC
In kexec case, the kernel to be loaded uses the same memory layout as
the running kernel. So, passing on the DT of the running kernel would
be good enough.

But in case of kdump, different memory ranges are needed to manage
loading the kdump kernel, booting into it and exporting the elfcore
of the crashing kernel. The ranges are exlude memory ranges, usable
memory ranges, reserved memory ranges and crash memory ranges.

Exclude memory ranges specify the list of memory ranges to avoid while
loading kdump segments. Usable memory ranges list the memory ranges
that could be used for booting kdump kernel. Reserved memory ranges
list the memory regions for the loading kernel's reserve map. Crash
memory ranges list the memory ranges to be exported as the crashing
kernel's elfcore.

Add helper functions for setting up the above mentioned memory ranges.
This helpers facilitate in understanding the subsequent changes better
and make it easy to setup the different memory ranges listed above, as
and when appropriate.

Signed-off-by: Hari Bathini <hbathini@linux.ibm.com>
Tested-by: Pingfan Liu <piliu@redhat.com>
---

v2 -> v3:
* Unchanged. Added Tested-by tag from Pingfan.

v1 -> v2:
* Added an option to merge ranges while sorting to minimize reallocations
  for memory ranges list.
* Dropped within_crashkernel option for add_opal_mem_range() &
  add_rtas_mem_range() as it is not really needed.


 arch/powerpc/include/asm/kexec_ranges.h |   18 +
 arch/powerpc/kexec/Makefile             |    2 
 arch/powerpc/kexec/ranges.c             |  397 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 3 files changed, 416 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
 create mode 100644 arch/powerpc/include/asm/kexec_ranges.h
 create mode 100644 arch/powerpc/kexec/ranges.c

Comments

Thiago Jung Bauermann July 14, 2020, 11:49 p.m. UTC | #1
Hello Hari,

Hari Bathini <hbathini@linux.ibm.com> writes:

> In kexec case, the kernel to be loaded uses the same memory layout as
> the running kernel. So, passing on the DT of the running kernel would
> be good enough.
>
> But in case of kdump, different memory ranges are needed to manage
> loading the kdump kernel, booting into it and exporting the elfcore
> of the crashing kernel. The ranges are exlude memory ranges, usable

s/exlude/exclude/

> memory ranges, reserved memory ranges and crash memory ranges.
>
> Exclude memory ranges specify the list of memory ranges to avoid while
> loading kdump segments. Usable memory ranges list the memory ranges
> that could be used for booting kdump kernel. Reserved memory ranges
> list the memory regions for the loading kernel's reserve map. Crash
> memory ranges list the memory ranges to be exported as the crashing
> kernel's elfcore.
>
> Add helper functions for setting up the above mentioned memory ranges.
> This helpers facilitate in understanding the subsequent changes better
> and make it easy to setup the different memory ranges listed above, as
> and when appropriate.
>
> Signed-off-by: Hari Bathini <hbathini@linux.ibm.com>
> Tested-by: Pingfan Liu <piliu@redhat.com>

<snip>

> +/**
> + * get_mem_rngs_size - Get the allocated size of mrngs based on
> + *                     max_nr_ranges and chunk size.
> + * @mrngs:             Memory ranges.
> + *
> + * Returns the maximum no. of ranges.

This isn't correct. It returns the maximum size of @mrngs.

> + */
> +static inline size_t get_mem_rngs_size(struct crash_mem *mrngs)
> +{
> +	size_t size;
> +
> +	if (!mrngs)
> +		return 0;
> +
> +	size = (sizeof(struct crash_mem) +
> +		(mrngs->max_nr_ranges * sizeof(struct crash_mem_range)));
> +
> +	/*
> +	 * Memory is allocated in size multiple of MEM_RANGE_CHUNK_SZ.
> +	 * So, align to get the actual length.
> +	 */
> +	return ALIGN(size, MEM_RANGE_CHUNK_SZ);
> +}

<snip>

> +/**
> + * add_tce_mem_ranges - Adds tce-table range to the given memory ranges list.
> + * @mem_ranges:         Range list to add the memory range(s) to.
> + *
> + * Returns 0 on success, negative errno on error.
> + */
> +int add_tce_mem_ranges(struct crash_mem **mem_ranges)
> +{
> +	struct device_node *dn;
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	for_each_node_by_type(dn, "pci") {
> +		u64 base;
> +		u32 size;
> +
> +		ret = of_property_read_u64(dn, "linux,tce-base", &base);
> +		ret |= of_property_read_u32(dn, "linux,tce-size", &size);
> +		if (!ret)

Shouldn't the condition be `ret` instead of `!ret`?

> +			continue;
> +
> +		ret = add_mem_range(mem_ranges, base, size);
> +		if (ret)
> +			break;
> +	}
> +
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * add_initrd_mem_range - Adds initrd range to the given memory ranges list,
> + *                        if the initrd was retained.
> + * @mem_ranges:           Range list to add the memory range to.
> + *
> + * Returns 0 on success, negative errno on error.
> + */
> +int add_initrd_mem_range(struct crash_mem **mem_ranges)
> +{
> +	u64 base, end;
> +	int ret = 0;
> +	char *str;
> +
> +	/* This range means something only if initrd was retained */
> +	str = strstr(saved_command_line, "retain_initrd");
> +	if (!str)
> +		return 0;
> +
> +	ret = of_property_read_u64(of_chosen, "linux,initrd-start", &base);
> +	ret |= of_property_read_u64(of_chosen, "linux,initrd-end", &end);
> +	if (!ret)
> +		ret = add_mem_range(mem_ranges, base, end - base + 1);
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * add_htab_mem_range - Adds htab range to the given memory ranges list,
> + *                      if it exists
> + * @mem_ranges:         Range list to add the memory range to.
> + *
> + * Returns 0 on success, negative errno on error.
> + */
> +int add_htab_mem_range(struct crash_mem **mem_ranges)
> +{
> +#ifdef CONFIG_PPC_BOOK3S_64
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	if (!htab_address)
> +		return 0;
> +
> +	ret = add_mem_range(mem_ranges, __pa(htab_address), htab_size_bytes);
> +	return ret;
> +#else
> +	return 0;
> +#endif
> +}

If I'm not mistaken, this is not the preferred way of having alternative
implementations of a function. The "Conditional Compilation" section of
the coding style document doesn't mention this directly, but does say
that it's better to put the conditionals in a header file.

In this case, I would do this in <asm/kexec_ranges.h>

#ifdef CONFIG_PPC_BOOK3S_64
int add_htab_mem_range(struct crash_mem **mem_ranges);
#else
static inline int add_htab_mem_range(struct crash_mem **mem_ranges)
{
	return 0;
}
#endif

And in ranges.c just surround the add_htab_mem_range() definition with
#ifdef CONFIG_PPC_BOOK3S_64 and #endif

Also, there's no need for the ret variable. You can just
`return add_mem_range(...)` directly.

> +
> +/**
> + * add_kernel_mem_range - Adds kernel text region to the given
> + *                        memory ranges list.
> + * @mem_ranges:           Range list to add the memory range to.
> + *
> + * Returns 0 on success, negative errno on error.
> + */
> +int add_kernel_mem_range(struct crash_mem **mem_ranges)
> +{
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	ret = add_mem_range(mem_ranges, 0, __pa(_end));
> +	return ret;
> +}

No need for the ret variable here, just `return add_mem_range()`
directly.

> +
> +/**
> + * add_rtas_mem_range - Adds RTAS region to the given memory ranges list.
> + * @mem_ranges:         Range list to add the memory range to.
> + *
> + * Returns 0 on success, negative errno on error.
> + */
> +int add_rtas_mem_range(struct crash_mem **mem_ranges)
> +{
> +	struct device_node *dn;
> +	int ret = 0;
> +
> +	dn = of_find_node_by_path("/rtas");
> +	if (dn) {
> +		u32 base, size;
> +
> +		ret = of_property_read_u32(dn, "linux,rtas-base", &base);
> +		ret |= of_property_read_u32(dn, "rtas-size", &size);
> +		if (ret)
> +			return ret;
> +
> +		ret = add_mem_range(mem_ranges, base, size);

You're missing an of_node_put(dn) here (also in the early return in the
line above).

> +	}
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * add_opal_mem_range - Adds OPAL region to the given memory ranges list.
> + * @mem_ranges:         Range list to add the memory range to.
> + *
> + * Returns 0 on success, negative errno on error.
> + */
> +int add_opal_mem_range(struct crash_mem **mem_ranges)
> +{
> +	struct device_node *dn;
> +	int ret = 0;
> +
> +	dn = of_find_node_by_path("/ibm,opal");
> +	if (dn) {
> +		u64 base, size;
> +
> +		ret = of_property_read_u64(dn, "opal-base-address", &base);
> +		ret |= of_property_read_u64(dn, "opal-runtime-size", &size);
> +		if (ret)
> +			return ret;
> +
> +		ret = add_mem_range(mem_ranges, base, size);

You're missing an of_node_put(dn) here (also in the early return in the
line above).

> +	}
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * add_reserved_ranges - Adds "/reserved-ranges" regions exported by f/w
> + *                       to the given memory ranges list.
> + * @mem_ranges:          Range list to add the memory ranges to.
> + *
> + * Returns 0 on success, negative errno on error.
> + */
> +int add_reserved_ranges(struct crash_mem **mem_ranges)
> +{
> +	int i, len, ret = 0;
> +	const __be32 *prop;
> +
> +	prop = of_get_property(of_root, "reserved-ranges", &len);
> +	if (!prop)
> +		return 0;
> +
> +	/*
> +	 * Each reserved range is an (address,size) pair, 2 cells each,
> +	 * totalling 4 cells per range.

Can you assume that, or do you need to check the #address-cells and
#size-cells properties of the root node?

> +	 */
> +	for (i = 0; i < len / (sizeof(*prop) * 4); i++) {
> +		u64 base, size;
> +
> +		base = of_read_number(prop + (i * 4) + 0, 2);
> +		size = of_read_number(prop + (i * 4) + 2, 2);
> +
> +		ret = add_mem_range(mem_ranges, base, size);
> +		if (ret)
> +			break;
> +	}
> +
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * sort_memory_ranges - Sorts the given memory ranges list.
> + * @mem_ranges:         Range list to sort.
> + * @merge:              If true, merge the list after sorting.
> + *
> + * Returns nothing.
> + */
> +void sort_memory_ranges(struct crash_mem *mrngs, bool merge)
> +{
> +	struct crash_mem_range *rngs;
> +	struct crash_mem_range rng;
> +	int i, j, idx;
> +
> +	if (!mrngs)
> +		return;
> +
> +	/* Sort the ranges in-place */
> +	rngs = &mrngs->ranges[0];
> +	for (i = 0; i < mrngs->nr_ranges; i++) {
> +		idx = i;
> +		for (j = (i + 1); j < mrngs->nr_ranges; j++) {
> +			if (rngs[idx].start > rngs[j].start)
> +				idx = j;
> +		}
> +		if (idx != i) {
> +			rng = rngs[idx];
> +			rngs[idx] = rngs[i];
> +			rngs[i] = rng;
> +		}
> +	}

Would it work using sort() from lib/sort.c here?

> +
> +	if (merge)
> +		__merge_memory_ranges(mrngs);
> +}


--
Thiago Jung Bauermann
IBM Linux Technology Center
Hari Bathini July 16, 2020, 9:08 p.m. UTC | #2
On 15/07/20 5:19 am, Thiago Jung Bauermann wrote:
> 

<snip>

> <snip>
> 
>> +/**
>> + * get_mem_rngs_size - Get the allocated size of mrngs based on
>> + *                     max_nr_ranges and chunk size.
>> + * @mrngs:             Memory ranges.
>> + *
>> + * Returns the maximum no. of ranges.
> 
> This isn't correct. It returns the maximum size of @mrngs.

True. Will update..

> <snip>
> 
>> +/**
>> + * add_tce_mem_ranges - Adds tce-table range to the given memory ranges list.
>> + * @mem_ranges:         Range list to add the memory range(s) to.
>> + *
>> + * Returns 0 on success, negative errno on error.
>> + */
>> +int add_tce_mem_ranges(struct crash_mem **mem_ranges)
>> +{
>> +	struct device_node *dn;
>> +	int ret;
>> +
>> +	for_each_node_by_type(dn, "pci") {
>> +		u64 base;
>> +		u32 size;
>> +
>> +		ret = of_property_read_u64(dn, "linux,tce-base", &base);
>> +		ret |= of_property_read_u32(dn, "linux,tce-size", &size);
>> +		if (!ret)
> 
> Shouldn't the condition be `ret` instead of `!ret`?

Oops! Will fix it.

>> +/**
>> + * sort_memory_ranges - Sorts the given memory ranges list.
>> + * @mem_ranges:         Range list to sort.
>> + * @merge:              If true, merge the list after sorting.
>> + *
>> + * Returns nothing.
>> + */
>> +void sort_memory_ranges(struct crash_mem *mrngs, bool merge)
>> +{
>> +	struct crash_mem_range *rngs;
>> +	struct crash_mem_range rng;
>> +	int i, j, idx;
>> +
>> +	if (!mrngs)
>> +		return;
>> +
>> +	/* Sort the ranges in-place */
>> +	rngs = &mrngs->ranges[0];
>> +	for (i = 0; i < mrngs->nr_ranges; i++) {
>> +		idx = i;
>> +		for (j = (i + 1); j < mrngs->nr_ranges; j++) {
>> +			if (rngs[idx].start > rngs[j].start)
>> +				idx = j;
>> +		}
>> +		if (idx != i) {
>> +			rng = rngs[idx];
>> +			rngs[idx] = rngs[i];
>> +			rngs[i] = rng;
>> +		}
>> +	}
> 
> Would it work using sort() from lib/sort.c here?

Yeah. I think we could reuse it with a simple compare callback. Will do that.

Thanks
Hari
Hari Bathini July 17, 2020, 4:32 a.m. UTC | #3
On 15/07/20 5:19 am, Thiago Jung Bauermann wrote:
> 
> Hello Hari,
> 
> Hari Bathini <hbathini@linux.ibm.com> writes:
> 
>> In kexec case, the kernel to be loaded uses the same memory layout as
>> the running kernel. So, passing on the DT of the running kernel would
>> be good enough.
>>
>> But in case of kdump, different memory ranges are needed to manage
>> loading the kdump kernel, booting into it and exporting the elfcore
>> of the crashing kernel. The ranges are exlude memory ranges, usable
> 
> s/exlude/exclude/
> 
>> memory ranges, reserved memory ranges and crash memory ranges.
>>
>> Exclude memory ranges specify the list of memory ranges to avoid while
>> loading kdump segments. Usable memory ranges list the memory ranges
>> that could be used for booting kdump kernel. Reserved memory ranges
>> list the memory regions for the loading kernel's reserve map. Crash
>> memory ranges list the memory ranges to be exported as the crashing
>> kernel's elfcore.
>>
>> Add helper functions for setting up the above mentioned memory ranges.
>> This helpers facilitate in understanding the subsequent changes better
>> and make it easy to setup the different memory ranges listed above, as
>> and when appropriate.
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Hari Bathini <hbathini@linux.ibm.com>
>> Tested-by: Pingfan Liu <piliu@redhat.com>
> 

<snip>

>> +/**
>> + * add_reserved_ranges - Adds "/reserved-ranges" regions exported by f/w
>> + *                       to the given memory ranges list.
>> + * @mem_ranges:          Range list to add the memory ranges to.
>> + *
>> + * Returns 0 on success, negative errno on error.
>> + */
>> +int add_reserved_ranges(struct crash_mem **mem_ranges)
>> +{
>> +	int i, len, ret = 0;
>> +	const __be32 *prop;
>> +
>> +	prop = of_get_property(of_root, "reserved-ranges", &len);
>> +	if (!prop)
>> +		return 0;
>> +
>> +	/*
>> +	 * Each reserved range is an (address,size) pair, 2 cells each,
>> +	 * totalling 4 cells per range.
> 
> Can you assume that, or do you need to check the #address-cells and
> #size-cells properties of the root node?

Taken from early_reserve_mem_dt() which did not seem to care.
Should we be doing any different here?

Thanks
Hari
Hari Bathini July 17, 2020, 8 p.m. UTC | #4
On 17/07/20 10:02 am, Hari Bathini wrote:
> 
> 
> On 15/07/20 5:19 am, Thiago Jung Bauermann wrote:
>>
>> Hello Hari,
>>
>> Hari Bathini <hbathini@linux.ibm.com> writes:
>>
>>> In kexec case, the kernel to be loaded uses the same memory layout as
>>> the running kernel. So, passing on the DT of the running kernel would
>>> be good enough.
>>>
>>> But in case of kdump, different memory ranges are needed to manage
>>> loading the kdump kernel, booting into it and exporting the elfcore
>>> of the crashing kernel. The ranges are exlude memory ranges, usable
>>
>> s/exlude/exclude/
>>
>>> memory ranges, reserved memory ranges and crash memory ranges.
>>>
>>> Exclude memory ranges specify the list of memory ranges to avoid while
>>> loading kdump segments. Usable memory ranges list the memory ranges
>>> that could be used for booting kdump kernel. Reserved memory ranges
>>> list the memory regions for the loading kernel's reserve map. Crash
>>> memory ranges list the memory ranges to be exported as the crashing
>>> kernel's elfcore.
>>>
>>> Add helper functions for setting up the above mentioned memory ranges.
>>> This helpers facilitate in understanding the subsequent changes better
>>> and make it easy to setup the different memory ranges listed above, as
>>> and when appropriate.
>>>
>>> Signed-off-by: Hari Bathini <hbathini@linux.ibm.com>
>>> Tested-by: Pingfan Liu <piliu@redhat.com>
>>
> 
> <snip>
> 
>>> +/**
>>> + * add_reserved_ranges - Adds "/reserved-ranges" regions exported by f/w
>>> + *                       to the given memory ranges list.
>>> + * @mem_ranges:          Range list to add the memory ranges to.
>>> + *
>>> + * Returns 0 on success, negative errno on error.
>>> + */
>>> +int add_reserved_ranges(struct crash_mem **mem_ranges)
>>> +{
>>> +	int i, len, ret = 0;
>>> +	const __be32 *prop;
>>> +
>>> +	prop = of_get_property(of_root, "reserved-ranges", &len);
>>> +	if (!prop)
>>> +		return 0;
>>> +
>>> +	/*
>>> +	 * Each reserved range is an (address,size) pair, 2 cells each,
>>> +	 * totalling 4 cells per range.
>>
>> Can you assume that, or do you need to check the #address-cells and
>> #size-cells properties of the root node?
> 
> Taken from early_reserve_mem_dt() which did not seem to care.
> Should we be doing any different here?

On second thoughts, wouldn't hurt to be extra cautious. Will use
#address-cells & #size-cells to parse reserved-ranges.

Thanks
Hari

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/kexec_ranges.h b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/kexec_ranges.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..799dc40
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/kexec_ranges.h
@@ -0,0 +1,18 @@ 
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */
+#ifndef _ASM_POWERPC_KEXEC_RANGES_H
+#define _ASM_POWERPC_KEXEC_RANGES_H
+
+#define MEM_RANGE_CHUNK_SZ		2048	/* Memory ranges size chunk */
+
+struct crash_mem *realloc_mem_ranges(struct crash_mem **mem_ranges);
+int add_mem_range(struct crash_mem **mem_ranges, u64 base, u64 size);
+int add_tce_mem_ranges(struct crash_mem **mem_ranges);
+int add_initrd_mem_range(struct crash_mem **mem_ranges);
+int add_htab_mem_range(struct crash_mem **mem_ranges);
+int add_kernel_mem_range(struct crash_mem **mem_ranges);
+int add_rtas_mem_range(struct crash_mem **mem_ranges);
+int add_opal_mem_range(struct crash_mem **mem_ranges);
+int add_reserved_ranges(struct crash_mem **mem_ranges);
+void sort_memory_ranges(struct crash_mem *mrngs, bool merge);
+
+#endif /* _ASM_POWERPC_KEXEC_RANGES_H */
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kexec/Makefile b/arch/powerpc/kexec/Makefile
index 67c3553..4aff684 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/kexec/Makefile
+++ b/arch/powerpc/kexec/Makefile
@@ -7,7 +7,7 @@  obj-y				+= core.o crash.o core_$(BITS).o
 
 obj-$(CONFIG_PPC32)		+= relocate_32.o
 
-obj-$(CONFIG_KEXEC_FILE)	+= file_load.o file_load_$(BITS).o elf_$(BITS).o
+obj-$(CONFIG_KEXEC_FILE)	+= file_load.o ranges.o file_load_$(BITS).o elf_$(BITS).o
 
 ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_IMA_KEXEC
 ifdef CONFIG_IMA
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kexec/ranges.c b/arch/powerpc/kexec/ranges.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..a704819
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/powerpc/kexec/ranges.c
@@ -0,0 +1,397 @@ 
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
+/*
+ * powerpc code to implement the kexec_file_load syscall
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2004  Adam Litke (agl@us.ibm.com)
+ * Copyright (C) 2004  IBM Corp.
+ * Copyright (C) 2004,2005  Milton D Miller II, IBM Corporation
+ * Copyright (C) 2005  R Sharada (sharada@in.ibm.com)
+ * Copyright (C) 2006  Mohan Kumar M (mohan@in.ibm.com)
+ * Copyright (C) 2020  IBM Corporation
+ *
+ * Based on kexec-tools' kexec-ppc64.c, fs2dt.c.
+ * Heavily modified for the kernel by
+ * Hari Bathini <hbathini@linux.ibm.com>.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/kexec.h>
+#include <linux/of_device.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <asm/sections.h>
+#include <asm/kexec_ranges.h>
+
+/**
+ * get_max_nr_ranges - Get the max no. of ranges crash_mem structure
+ *                     could hold, given the size allocated for it.
+ * @size:              Allocation size of crash_mem structure.
+ *
+ * Returns the maximum no. of ranges.
+ */
+static inline unsigned int get_max_nr_ranges(size_t size)
+{
+	return ((size - sizeof(struct crash_mem)) /
+		sizeof(struct crash_mem_range));
+}
+
+/**
+ * get_mem_rngs_size - Get the allocated size of mrngs based on
+ *                     max_nr_ranges and chunk size.
+ * @mrngs:             Memory ranges.
+ *
+ * Returns the maximum no. of ranges.
+ */
+static inline size_t get_mem_rngs_size(struct crash_mem *mrngs)
+{
+	size_t size;
+
+	if (!mrngs)
+		return 0;
+
+	size = (sizeof(struct crash_mem) +
+		(mrngs->max_nr_ranges * sizeof(struct crash_mem_range)));
+
+	/*
+	 * Memory is allocated in size multiple of MEM_RANGE_CHUNK_SZ.
+	 * So, align to get the actual length.
+	 */
+	return ALIGN(size, MEM_RANGE_CHUNK_SZ);
+}
+
+/**
+ * __add_mem_range - add a memory range to memory ranges list.
+ * @mem_ranges:      Range list to add the memory range to.
+ * @base:            Base address of the range to add.
+ * @size:            Size of the memory range to add.
+ *
+ * (Re)allocates memory, if needed.
+ *
+ * Returns 0 on success, negative errno on error.
+ */
+static int __add_mem_range(struct crash_mem **mem_ranges, u64 base, u64 size)
+{
+	struct crash_mem *mrngs = *mem_ranges;
+
+	if ((mrngs == NULL) || (mrngs->nr_ranges == mrngs->max_nr_ranges)) {
+		mrngs = realloc_mem_ranges(mem_ranges);
+		if (!mrngs)
+			return -ENOMEM;
+	}
+
+	mrngs->ranges[mrngs->nr_ranges].start = base;
+	mrngs->ranges[mrngs->nr_ranges].end = base + size - 1;
+	mrngs->nr_ranges++;
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/**
+ * __merge_memory_ranges - Merges the given memory ranges list.
+ * @mem_ranges:            Range list to merge.
+ *
+ * Assumes a sorted range list.
+ *
+ * Returns nothing.
+ */
+static void __merge_memory_ranges(struct crash_mem *mrngs)
+{
+	struct crash_mem_range *rngs;
+	int i, idx;
+
+	if (!mrngs)
+		return;
+
+	idx = 0;
+	rngs = &mrngs->ranges[0];
+	for (i = 1; i < mrngs->nr_ranges; i++) {
+		if (rngs[i].start <= (rngs[i-1].end + 1))
+			rngs[idx].end = rngs[i].end;
+		else {
+			idx++;
+			if (i == idx)
+				continue;
+
+			rngs[idx] = rngs[i];
+		}
+	}
+	mrngs->nr_ranges = idx + 1;
+}
+
+/**
+ * realloc_mem_ranges - reallocate mem_ranges with size incremented
+ *                      by MEM_RANGE_CHUNK_SZ. Frees up the old memory,
+ *                      if memory allocation fails.
+ * @mem_ranges:         Memory ranges to reallocate.
+ *
+ * Returns pointer to reallocated memory on success, NULL otherwise.
+ */
+struct crash_mem *realloc_mem_ranges(struct crash_mem **mem_ranges)
+{
+	struct crash_mem *mrngs = *mem_ranges;
+	unsigned int nr_ranges;
+	size_t size;
+
+	size = get_mem_rngs_size(mrngs);
+	nr_ranges = mrngs ? mrngs->nr_ranges : 0;
+
+	size += MEM_RANGE_CHUNK_SZ;
+	mrngs = krealloc(*mem_ranges, size, GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!mrngs) {
+		kfree(*mem_ranges);
+		*mem_ranges = NULL;
+		return NULL;
+	}
+
+	mrngs->nr_ranges = nr_ranges;
+	mrngs->max_nr_ranges = get_max_nr_ranges(size);
+	*mem_ranges = mrngs;
+
+	return mrngs;
+}
+
+/**
+ * add_mem_range - Updates existing memory range, if there is an overlap.
+ *                 Else, adds a new memory range.
+ * @mem_ranges:    Range list to add the memory range to.
+ * @base:          Base address of the range to add.
+ * @size:          Size of the memory range to add.
+ *
+ * (Re)allocates memory, if needed.
+ *
+ * Returns 0 on success, negative errno on error.
+ */
+int add_mem_range(struct crash_mem **mem_ranges, u64 base, u64 size)
+{
+	struct crash_mem *mrngs = *mem_ranges;
+	u64 mstart, mend, end;
+	unsigned int i;
+
+	if (!size)
+		return 0;
+
+	end = base + size - 1;
+
+	if ((mrngs == NULL) || (mrngs->nr_ranges == 0))
+		return __add_mem_range(mem_ranges, base, size);
+
+	for (i = 0; i < mrngs->nr_ranges; i++) {
+		mstart = mrngs->ranges[i].start;
+		mend = mrngs->ranges[i].end;
+		if (base < mend && end > mstart) {
+			if (base < mstart)
+				mrngs->ranges[i].start = base;
+			if (end > mend)
+				mrngs->ranges[i].end = end;
+			return 0;
+		}
+	}
+
+	return __add_mem_range(mem_ranges, base, size);
+}
+
+/**
+ * add_tce_mem_ranges - Adds tce-table range to the given memory ranges list.
+ * @mem_ranges:         Range list to add the memory range(s) to.
+ *
+ * Returns 0 on success, negative errno on error.
+ */
+int add_tce_mem_ranges(struct crash_mem **mem_ranges)
+{
+	struct device_node *dn;
+	int ret;
+
+	for_each_node_by_type(dn, "pci") {
+		u64 base;
+		u32 size;
+
+		ret = of_property_read_u64(dn, "linux,tce-base", &base);
+		ret |= of_property_read_u32(dn, "linux,tce-size", &size);
+		if (!ret)
+			continue;
+
+		ret = add_mem_range(mem_ranges, base, size);
+		if (ret)
+			break;
+	}
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+/**
+ * add_initrd_mem_range - Adds initrd range to the given memory ranges list,
+ *                        if the initrd was retained.
+ * @mem_ranges:           Range list to add the memory range to.
+ *
+ * Returns 0 on success, negative errno on error.
+ */
+int add_initrd_mem_range(struct crash_mem **mem_ranges)
+{
+	u64 base, end;
+	int ret = 0;
+	char *str;
+
+	/* This range means something only if initrd was retained */
+	str = strstr(saved_command_line, "retain_initrd");
+	if (!str)
+		return 0;
+
+	ret = of_property_read_u64(of_chosen, "linux,initrd-start", &base);
+	ret |= of_property_read_u64(of_chosen, "linux,initrd-end", &end);
+	if (!ret)
+		ret = add_mem_range(mem_ranges, base, end - base + 1);
+	return ret;
+}
+
+/**
+ * add_htab_mem_range - Adds htab range to the given memory ranges list,
+ *                      if it exists
+ * @mem_ranges:         Range list to add the memory range to.
+ *
+ * Returns 0 on success, negative errno on error.
+ */
+int add_htab_mem_range(struct crash_mem **mem_ranges)
+{
+#ifdef CONFIG_PPC_BOOK3S_64
+	int ret;
+
+	if (!htab_address)
+		return 0;
+
+	ret = add_mem_range(mem_ranges, __pa(htab_address), htab_size_bytes);
+	return ret;
+#else
+	return 0;
+#endif
+}
+
+/**
+ * add_kernel_mem_range - Adds kernel text region to the given
+ *                        memory ranges list.
+ * @mem_ranges:           Range list to add the memory range to.
+ *
+ * Returns 0 on success, negative errno on error.
+ */
+int add_kernel_mem_range(struct crash_mem **mem_ranges)
+{
+	int ret;
+
+	ret = add_mem_range(mem_ranges, 0, __pa(_end));
+	return ret;
+}
+
+/**
+ * add_rtas_mem_range - Adds RTAS region to the given memory ranges list.
+ * @mem_ranges:         Range list to add the memory range to.
+ *
+ * Returns 0 on success, negative errno on error.
+ */
+int add_rtas_mem_range(struct crash_mem **mem_ranges)
+{
+	struct device_node *dn;
+	int ret = 0;
+
+	dn = of_find_node_by_path("/rtas");
+	if (dn) {
+		u32 base, size;
+
+		ret = of_property_read_u32(dn, "linux,rtas-base", &base);
+		ret |= of_property_read_u32(dn, "rtas-size", &size);
+		if (ret)
+			return ret;
+
+		ret = add_mem_range(mem_ranges, base, size);
+	}
+	return ret;
+}
+
+/**
+ * add_opal_mem_range - Adds OPAL region to the given memory ranges list.
+ * @mem_ranges:         Range list to add the memory range to.
+ *
+ * Returns 0 on success, negative errno on error.
+ */
+int add_opal_mem_range(struct crash_mem **mem_ranges)
+{
+	struct device_node *dn;
+	int ret = 0;
+
+	dn = of_find_node_by_path("/ibm,opal");
+	if (dn) {
+		u64 base, size;
+
+		ret = of_property_read_u64(dn, "opal-base-address", &base);
+		ret |= of_property_read_u64(dn, "opal-runtime-size", &size);
+		if (ret)
+			return ret;
+
+		ret = add_mem_range(mem_ranges, base, size);
+	}
+	return ret;
+}
+
+/**
+ * add_reserved_ranges - Adds "/reserved-ranges" regions exported by f/w
+ *                       to the given memory ranges list.
+ * @mem_ranges:          Range list to add the memory ranges to.
+ *
+ * Returns 0 on success, negative errno on error.
+ */
+int add_reserved_ranges(struct crash_mem **mem_ranges)
+{
+	int i, len, ret = 0;
+	const __be32 *prop;
+
+	prop = of_get_property(of_root, "reserved-ranges", &len);
+	if (!prop)
+		return 0;
+
+	/*
+	 * Each reserved range is an (address,size) pair, 2 cells each,
+	 * totalling 4 cells per range.
+	 */
+	for (i = 0; i < len / (sizeof(*prop) * 4); i++) {
+		u64 base, size;
+
+		base = of_read_number(prop + (i * 4) + 0, 2);
+		size = of_read_number(prop + (i * 4) + 2, 2);
+
+		ret = add_mem_range(mem_ranges, base, size);
+		if (ret)
+			break;
+	}
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+/**
+ * sort_memory_ranges - Sorts the given memory ranges list.
+ * @mem_ranges:         Range list to sort.
+ * @merge:              If true, merge the list after sorting.
+ *
+ * Returns nothing.
+ */
+void sort_memory_ranges(struct crash_mem *mrngs, bool merge)
+{
+	struct crash_mem_range *rngs;
+	struct crash_mem_range rng;
+	int i, j, idx;
+
+	if (!mrngs)
+		return;
+
+	/* Sort the ranges in-place */
+	rngs = &mrngs->ranges[0];
+	for (i = 0; i < mrngs->nr_ranges; i++) {
+		idx = i;
+		for (j = (i + 1); j < mrngs->nr_ranges; j++) {
+			if (rngs[idx].start > rngs[j].start)
+				idx = j;
+		}
+		if (idx != i) {
+			rng = rngs[idx];
+			rngs[idx] = rngs[i];
+			rngs[i] = rng;
+		}
+	}
+
+	if (merge)
+		__merge_memory_ranges(mrngs);
+}