kcsan: Fix encoding masks and regain address bit
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Message ID 20201023121224.3630272-1-elver@google.com
State In Next
Commit 76b43ef30dc30f8d5f9ac91ccd562159995f5879
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  • kcsan: Fix encoding masks and regain address bit
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Commit Message

Marco Elver Oct. 23, 2020, 12:12 p.m. UTC
The watchpoint encoding masks for size and address were off-by-one bit
each, with the size mask using 1 unnecessary bit and the address mask
missing 1 bit. However, due to the way the size is shifted into the
encoded watchpoint, we were effectively wasting and never using the
extra bit.

For example, on x86 with PAGE_SIZE==4K, we have 1 bit for the is-write
bit, 14 bits for the size bits, and then 49 bits left for the address.
Prior to this fix we would end up with this usage:

	[ write<1> | size<14> | wasted<1> | address<48> ]

Fix it by subtracting 1 bit from the GENMASK() end and start ranges of
size and address respectively. The added static_assert()s verify that
the masks are as expected. With the fixed version, we get the expected
usage:

	[ write<1> | size<14> |             address<49> ]

Functionally no change is expected, since that extra address bit is
insignificant for enabled architectures.

Signed-off-by: Marco Elver <elver@google.com>
---
 kernel/kcsan/encoding.h | 14 ++++++--------
 1 file changed, 6 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)

Comments

Paul E. McKenney Oct. 26, 2020, 11:33 p.m. UTC | #1
On Fri, Oct 23, 2020 at 02:12:24PM +0200, Marco Elver wrote:
> The watchpoint encoding masks for size and address were off-by-one bit
> each, with the size mask using 1 unnecessary bit and the address mask
> missing 1 bit. However, due to the way the size is shifted into the
> encoded watchpoint, we were effectively wasting and never using the
> extra bit.
> 
> For example, on x86 with PAGE_SIZE==4K, we have 1 bit for the is-write
> bit, 14 bits for the size bits, and then 49 bits left for the address.
> Prior to this fix we would end up with this usage:
> 
> 	[ write<1> | size<14> | wasted<1> | address<48> ]
> 
> Fix it by subtracting 1 bit from the GENMASK() end and start ranges of
> size and address respectively. The added static_assert()s verify that
> the masks are as expected. With the fixed version, we get the expected
> usage:
> 
> 	[ write<1> | size<14> |             address<49> ]
> 
> Functionally no change is expected, since that extra address bit is
> insignificant for enabled architectures.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Marco Elver <elver@google.com>

Queued and pushed, thank you!!!

							Thanx, Paul

> ---
>  kernel/kcsan/encoding.h | 14 ++++++--------
>  1 file changed, 6 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/kernel/kcsan/encoding.h b/kernel/kcsan/encoding.h
> index 64b3c0f2a685..fc5154dd2475 100644
> --- a/kernel/kcsan/encoding.h
> +++ b/kernel/kcsan/encoding.h
> @@ -37,14 +37,12 @@
>   */
>  #define WATCHPOINT_ADDR_BITS (BITS_PER_LONG-1 - WATCHPOINT_SIZE_BITS)
>  
> -/*
> - * Masks to set/retrieve the encoded data.
> - */
> -#define WATCHPOINT_WRITE_MASK BIT(BITS_PER_LONG-1)
> -#define WATCHPOINT_SIZE_MASK                                                   \
> -	GENMASK(BITS_PER_LONG-2, BITS_PER_LONG-2 - WATCHPOINT_SIZE_BITS)
> -#define WATCHPOINT_ADDR_MASK                                                   \
> -	GENMASK(BITS_PER_LONG-3 - WATCHPOINT_SIZE_BITS, 0)
> +/* Bitmasks for the encoded watchpoint access information. */
> +#define WATCHPOINT_WRITE_MASK	BIT(BITS_PER_LONG-1)
> +#define WATCHPOINT_SIZE_MASK	GENMASK(BITS_PER_LONG-2, BITS_PER_LONG-1 - WATCHPOINT_SIZE_BITS)
> +#define WATCHPOINT_ADDR_MASK	GENMASK(BITS_PER_LONG-2 - WATCHPOINT_SIZE_BITS, 0)
> +static_assert(WATCHPOINT_ADDR_MASK == (1UL << WATCHPOINT_ADDR_BITS) - 1);
> +static_assert((WATCHPOINT_WRITE_MASK ^ WATCHPOINT_SIZE_MASK ^ WATCHPOINT_ADDR_MASK) == ~0UL);
>  
>  static inline bool check_encodable(unsigned long addr, size_t size)
>  {
> -- 
> 2.29.0.rc1.297.gfa9743e501-goog
>

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/kernel/kcsan/encoding.h b/kernel/kcsan/encoding.h
index 64b3c0f2a685..fc5154dd2475 100644
--- a/kernel/kcsan/encoding.h
+++ b/kernel/kcsan/encoding.h
@@ -37,14 +37,12 @@ 
  */
 #define WATCHPOINT_ADDR_BITS (BITS_PER_LONG-1 - WATCHPOINT_SIZE_BITS)
 
-/*
- * Masks to set/retrieve the encoded data.
- */
-#define WATCHPOINT_WRITE_MASK BIT(BITS_PER_LONG-1)
-#define WATCHPOINT_SIZE_MASK                                                   \
-	GENMASK(BITS_PER_LONG-2, BITS_PER_LONG-2 - WATCHPOINT_SIZE_BITS)
-#define WATCHPOINT_ADDR_MASK                                                   \
-	GENMASK(BITS_PER_LONG-3 - WATCHPOINT_SIZE_BITS, 0)
+/* Bitmasks for the encoded watchpoint access information. */
+#define WATCHPOINT_WRITE_MASK	BIT(BITS_PER_LONG-1)
+#define WATCHPOINT_SIZE_MASK	GENMASK(BITS_PER_LONG-2, BITS_PER_LONG-1 - WATCHPOINT_SIZE_BITS)
+#define WATCHPOINT_ADDR_MASK	GENMASK(BITS_PER_LONG-2 - WATCHPOINT_SIZE_BITS, 0)
+static_assert(WATCHPOINT_ADDR_MASK == (1UL << WATCHPOINT_ADDR_BITS) - 1);
+static_assert((WATCHPOINT_WRITE_MASK ^ WATCHPOINT_SIZE_MASK ^ WATCHPOINT_ADDR_MASK) == ~0UL);
 
 static inline bool check_encodable(unsigned long addr, size_t size)
 {