[V3,22/37] highmem: High implementation details and document API
diff mbox series

Message ID 20201103095858.827582066@linutronix.de
State New, archived
Headers show
Series
  • mm/highmem: Preemptible variant of kmap_atomic & friends
Related show

Commit Message

Thomas Gleixner Nov. 3, 2020, 9:27 a.m. UTC
Move the gory details of kmap & al into a private header and only document
the interfaces which are usable by drivers.

Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
---
V3: New patch
---
 include/linux/highmem-internal.h |  174 +++++++++++++++++++++++++
 include/linux/highmem.h          |  270 ++++++++++++++-------------------------
 mm/highmem.c                     |   11 -
 3 files changed, 276 insertions(+), 179 deletions(-)

Comments

Linus Torvalds Nov. 3, 2020, 5:48 p.m. UTC | #1
On Tue, Nov 3, 2020 at 2:33 AM Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> wrote:
>
> +static inline void *kmap(struct page *page)
> +{
> +       void *addr;
> +
> +       might_sleep();
> +       if (!PageHighMem(page))
> +               addr = page_address(page);
> +       else
> +               addr = kmap_high(page);
> +       kmap_flush_tlb((unsigned long)addr);
> +       return addr;
> +}
> +
> +static inline void kunmap(struct page *page)
> +{
> +       might_sleep();
> +       if (!PageHighMem(page))
> +               return;
> +       kunmap_high(page);
> +}

I have no complaints about the patch, but it strikes me that if people
want to actually have much better debug coverage, this is where it
should be (I like the "every other address" thing too, don't get me
wrong).

In particular, instead of these PageHighMem(page) tests, I think
something like this would be better:

   #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_HIGHMEM
     #define page_use_kmap(page) ((page),1)
   #else
     #define page_use_kmap(page) PageHighMem(page)
   #endif

adn then replace those "if (!PageHighMem(page))" tests with "if
(!page_use_kmap())" instead.

IOW, in debug mode, it would _always_ remap the page, whether it's
highmem or not. That would really stress the highmem code and find any
fragilities.

No?

Anyway, this is all sepatrate from the series, which still looks fine
to me. Just a reaction to seeing the patch, and Thomas' earlier
mention that the highmem debugging doesn't actually do much.

               Linus
Thomas Gleixner Nov. 3, 2020, 7 p.m. UTC | #2
On Tue, Nov 03 2020 at 09:48, Linus Torvalds wrote:
> I have no complaints about the patch, but it strikes me that if people
> want to actually have much better debug coverage, this is where it
> should be (I like the "every other address" thing too, don't get me
> wrong).
>
> In particular, instead of these PageHighMem(page) tests, I think
> something like this would be better:
>
>    #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_HIGHMEM
>      #define page_use_kmap(page) ((page),1)
>    #else
>      #define page_use_kmap(page) PageHighMem(page)
>    #endif
>
> adn then replace those "if (!PageHighMem(page))" tests with "if
> (!page_use_kmap())" instead.
>
> IOW, in debug mode, it would _always_ remap the page, whether it's
> highmem or not. That would really stress the highmem code and find any
> fragilities.

Yes, that makes a lot of sense. We just have to avoid that for the
architectures with aliasing issues.

> Anyway, this is all sepatrate from the series, which still looks fine
> to me. Just a reaction to seeing the patch, and Thomas' earlier
> mention that the highmem debugging doesn't actually do much.

Right, forcing it for both kmap and kmap_local is straight forward. I'll
cook a patch on top for that.

Thanks,

        tglx

Patch
diff mbox series

--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/linux/highmem-internal.h
@@ -0,0 +1,174 @@ 
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
+#ifndef _LINUX_HIGHMEM_INTERNAL_H
+#define _LINUX_HIGHMEM_INTERNAL_H
+
+/*
+ * Outside of CONFIG_HIGHMEM to support X86 32bit iomap_atomic() cruft.
+ */
+#ifdef CONFIG_KMAP_LOCAL
+void *__kmap_local_pfn_prot(unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot);
+void *__kmap_local_page_prot(struct page *page, pgprot_t prot);
+void kunmap_local_indexed(void *vaddr);
+#endif
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_HIGHMEM
+#include <asm/highmem.h>
+
+#ifndef ARCH_HAS_KMAP_FLUSH_TLB
+static inline void kmap_flush_tlb(unsigned long addr) { }
+#endif
+
+#ifndef kmap_prot
+#define kmap_prot PAGE_KERNEL
+#endif
+
+void *kmap_high(struct page *page);
+void kunmap_high(struct page *page);
+void __kmap_flush_unused(void);
+struct page *__kmap_to_page(void *addr);
+
+static inline void *kmap(struct page *page)
+{
+	void *addr;
+
+	might_sleep();
+	if (!PageHighMem(page))
+		addr = page_address(page);
+	else
+		addr = kmap_high(page);
+	kmap_flush_tlb((unsigned long)addr);
+	return addr;
+}
+
+static inline void kunmap(struct page *page)
+{
+	might_sleep();
+	if (!PageHighMem(page))
+		return;
+	kunmap_high(page);
+}
+
+static inline struct page *kmap_to_page(void *addr)
+{
+	return __kmap_to_page(addr);
+}
+
+static inline void kmap_flush_unused(void)
+{
+	__kmap_flush_unused();
+}
+
+static inline void *kmap_atomic_prot(struct page *page, pgprot_t prot)
+{
+	preempt_disable();
+	pagefault_disable();
+	return __kmap_local_page_prot(page, prot);
+}
+
+static inline void *kmap_atomic(struct page *page)
+{
+	return kmap_atomic_prot(page, kmap_prot);
+}
+
+static inline void *kmap_atomic_pfn(unsigned long pfn)
+{
+	preempt_disable();
+	pagefault_disable();
+	return __kmap_local_pfn_prot(pfn, kmap_prot);
+}
+
+static inline void __kunmap_atomic(void *addr)
+{
+	kunmap_local_indexed(addr);
+	pagefault_enable();
+	preempt_enable();
+}
+
+unsigned int __nr_free_highpages(void);
+extern atomic_long_t _totalhigh_pages;
+
+static inline unsigned int nr_free_highpages(void)
+{
+	return __nr_free_highpages();
+}
+
+static inline unsigned long totalhigh_pages(void)
+{
+	return (unsigned long)atomic_long_read(&_totalhigh_pages);
+}
+
+static inline void totalhigh_pages_inc(void)
+{
+	atomic_long_inc(&_totalhigh_pages);
+}
+
+static inline void totalhigh_pages_add(long count)
+{
+	atomic_long_add(count, &_totalhigh_pages);
+}
+
+#else /* CONFIG_HIGHMEM */
+
+static inline struct page *kmap_to_page(void *addr)
+{
+	return virt_to_page(addr);
+}
+
+static inline void *kmap(struct page *page)
+{
+	might_sleep();
+	return page_address(page);
+}
+
+static inline void kunmap_high(struct page *page) { }
+static inline void kmap_flush_unused(void) { }
+
+static inline void kunmap(struct page *page)
+{
+#ifdef ARCH_HAS_FLUSH_ON_KUNMAP
+	kunmap_flush_on_unmap(page_address(page));
+#endif
+}
+
+static inline void *kmap_atomic(struct page *page)
+{
+	preempt_disable();
+	pagefault_disable();
+	return page_address(page);
+}
+
+static inline void *kmap_atomic_prot(struct page *page, pgprot_t prot)
+{
+	return kmap_atomic(page);
+}
+
+static inline void *kmap_atomic_pfn(unsigned long pfn)
+{
+	return kmap_atomic(pfn_to_page(pfn));
+}
+
+static inline void __kunmap_atomic(void *addr)
+{
+#ifdef ARCH_HAS_FLUSH_ON_KUNMAP
+	kunmap_flush_on_unmap(addr);
+#endif
+	pagefault_enable();
+	preempt_enable();
+}
+
+static inline unsigned int nr_free_highpages(void) { return 0; }
+static inline unsigned long totalhigh_pages(void) { return 0UL; }
+
+#endif /* CONFIG_HIGHMEM */
+
+/*
+ * Prevent people trying to call kunmap_atomic() as if it were kunmap()
+ * kunmap_atomic() should get the return value of kmap_atomic, not the page.
+ */
+#define kunmap_atomic(__addr)					\
+do {								\
+	BUILD_BUG_ON(__same_type((__addr), struct page *));	\
+	__kunmap_atomic(__addr);				\
+} while (0)
+
+#endif
--- a/include/linux/highmem.h
+++ b/include/linux/highmem.h
@@ -11,199 +11,125 @@ 
 
 #include <asm/cacheflush.h>
 
-#ifndef ARCH_HAS_FLUSH_ANON_PAGE
-static inline void flush_anon_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page *page, unsigned long vmaddr)
-{
-}
-#endif
+#include "highmem-internal.h"
 
-#ifndef ARCH_HAS_FLUSH_KERNEL_DCACHE_PAGE
-static inline void flush_kernel_dcache_page(struct page *page)
-{
-}
-static inline void flush_kernel_vmap_range(void *vaddr, int size)
-{
-}
-static inline void invalidate_kernel_vmap_range(void *vaddr, int size)
-{
-}
-#endif
-
-/*
- * Outside of CONFIG_HIGHMEM to support X86 32bit iomap_atomic() cruft.
+/**
+ * kmap - Map a page for long term usage
+ * @page:	Pointer to the page to be mapped
+ *
+ * Returns: The virtual address of the mapping
+ *
+ * Can only be invoked from preemptible task context because on 32bit
+ * systems with CONFIG_HIGHMEM enabled this function might sleep.
+ *
+ * For systems with CONFIG_HIGHMEM=n and for pages in the low memory area
+ * this returns the virtual address of the direct kernel mapping.
+ *
+ * The returned virtual address is globally visible and valid up to the
+ * point where it is unmapped via kunmap(). The pointer can be handed to
+ * other contexts.
+ *
+ * For highmem pages on 32bit systems this can be slow as the mapping space
+ * is limited and protected by a global lock. In case that there is no
+ * mapping slot available the function blocks until a slot is released via
+ * kunmap().
  */
-#ifdef CONFIG_KMAP_LOCAL
-void *__kmap_local_pfn_prot(unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot);
-void *__kmap_local_page_prot(struct page *page, pgprot_t prot);
-void kunmap_local_indexed(void *vaddr);
-#endif
-
-#ifdef CONFIG_HIGHMEM
-#include <asm/highmem.h>
+static inline void *kmap(struct page *page);
 
-#ifndef ARCH_HAS_KMAP_FLUSH_TLB
-static inline void kmap_flush_tlb(unsigned long addr) { }
-#endif
-
-#ifndef kmap_prot
-#define kmap_prot PAGE_KERNEL
-#endif
-
-void *kmap_high(struct page *page);
-static inline void *kmap(struct page *page)
-{
-	void *addr;
-
-	might_sleep();
-	if (!PageHighMem(page))
-		addr = page_address(page);
-	else
-		addr = kmap_high(page);
-	kmap_flush_tlb((unsigned long)addr);
-	return addr;
-}
-
-void kunmap_high(struct page *page);
-
-static inline void kunmap(struct page *page)
-{
-	might_sleep();
-	if (!PageHighMem(page))
-		return;
-	kunmap_high(page);
-}
-
-/*
- * kmap_atomic/kunmap_atomic is significantly faster than kmap/kunmap because
- * no global lock is needed and because the kmap code must perform a global TLB
- * invalidation when the kmap pool wraps.
- *
- * However when holding an atomic kmap it is not legal to sleep, so atomic
- * kmaps are appropriate for short, tight code paths only.
- *
- * The use of kmap_atomic/kunmap_atomic is discouraged - kmap/kunmap
- * gives a more generic (and caching) interface. But kmap_atomic can
- * be used in IRQ contexts, so in some (very limited) cases we need
- * it.
+/**
+ * kunmap - Unmap the virtual address mapped by kmap()
+ * @addr:	Virtual address to be unmapped
+ *
+ * Counterpart to kmap(). A NOOP for CONFIG_HIGHMEM=n and for mappings of
+ * pages in the low memory area.
  */
-static inline void *kmap_atomic_prot(struct page *page, pgprot_t prot)
-{
-	preempt_disable();
-	pagefault_disable();
-	return __kmap_local_page_prot(page, prot);
-}
-
-static inline void *kmap_atomic(struct page *page)
-{
-	return kmap_atomic_prot(page, kmap_prot);
-}
-
-static inline void *kmap_atomic_pfn(unsigned long pfn)
-{
-	preempt_disable();
-	pagefault_disable();
-	return __kmap_local_pfn_prot(pfn, kmap_prot);
-}
-
-static inline void __kunmap_atomic(void *addr)
-{
-	kunmap_local_indexed(addr);
-}
-
-/* declarations for linux/mm/highmem.c */
-unsigned int nr_free_highpages(void);
-extern atomic_long_t _totalhigh_pages;
-static inline unsigned long totalhigh_pages(void)
-{
-	return (unsigned long)atomic_long_read(&_totalhigh_pages);
-}
+static inline void kunmap(struct page *page);
 
-static inline void totalhigh_pages_inc(void)
-{
-	atomic_long_inc(&_totalhigh_pages);
-}
-
-static inline void totalhigh_pages_add(long count)
-{
-	atomic_long_add(count, &_totalhigh_pages);
-}
-
-void kmap_flush_unused(void);
-
-struct page *kmap_to_page(void *addr);
-
-#else /* CONFIG_HIGHMEM */
+/**
+ * kmap_to_page - Get the page for a kmap'ed address
+ * @addr:	The address to look up
+ *
+ * Returns: The page which is mapped to @addr.
+ */
+static inline struct page *kmap_to_page(void *addr);
 
-static inline unsigned int nr_free_highpages(void) { return 0; }
+/**
+ * kmap_flush_unused - Flush all unused kmap mappings in order to
+ *		       remove stray mappings
+ */
+static inline void kmap_flush_unused(void);
 
-static inline struct page *kmap_to_page(void *addr)
-{
-	return virt_to_page(addr);
-}
+/**
+ * kmap_atomic - Atomically map a page for temporary usage
+ * @page:	Pointer to the page to be mapped
+ *
+ * Returns: The virtual address of the mapping
+ *
+ * Side effect: On return pagefaults and preemption are disabled.
+ *
+ * Can be invoked from any context.
+ *
+ * Requires careful handling when nesting multiple mappings because the map
+ * management is stack based. The unmap has to be in the reverse order of
+ * the map operation:
+ *
+ * addr1 = kmap_atomic(page1);
+ * addr2 = kmap_atomic(page2);
+ * ...
+ * kunmap_atomic(addr2);
+ * kunmap_atomic(addr1);
+ *
+ * Unmapping addr1 before addr2 is invalid and causes malfunction.
+ *
+ * Contrary to kmap() mappings the mapping is only valid in the context of
+ * the caller and cannot be handed to other contexts.
+ *
+ * On CONFIG_HIGHMEM=n kernels and for low memory pages this returns the
+ * virtual address of the direct mapping. Only real highmem pages are
+ * temporarily mapped.
+ *
+ * While it is significantly faster than kmap() it comes with restrictions
+ * about the pointer validity and the side effects of disabling page faults
+ * and preemption. Use it only when absolutely necessary, e.g. from non
+ * preemptible contexts.
+ */
+static inline void *kmap_atomic(struct page *page);
 
-static inline unsigned long totalhigh_pages(void) { return 0UL; }
+/**
+ * kunmap_atomic - Unmap the virtual address mapped by kmap_atomic()
+ * @addr:	Virtual address to be unmapped
+ *
+ * Counterpart to kmap_atomic().
+ *
+ * Undoes the side effects of kmap_atomic(), i.e. reenabling pagefaults and
+ * preemption.
+ *
+ * Other than that a NOOP for CONFIG_HIGHMEM=n and for mappings of pages
+ * in the low memory area. For real highmen pages the mapping which was
+ * established with kmap_atomic() is destroyed.
+ */
 
-static inline void *kmap(struct page *page)
-{
-	might_sleep();
-	return page_address(page);
-}
+/* Highmem related interfaces for management code */
+static inline unsigned int nr_free_highpages(void);
+static inline unsigned long totalhigh_pages(void);
 
-static inline void kunmap_high(struct page *page)
+#ifndef ARCH_HAS_FLUSH_ANON_PAGE
+static inline void flush_anon_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page *page, unsigned long vmaddr)
 {
 }
-
-static inline void kunmap(struct page *page)
-{
-#ifdef ARCH_HAS_FLUSH_ON_KUNMAP
-	kunmap_flush_on_unmap(page_address(page));
 #endif
-}
 
-static inline void *kmap_atomic(struct page *page)
+#ifndef ARCH_HAS_FLUSH_KERNEL_DCACHE_PAGE
+static inline void flush_kernel_dcache_page(struct page *page)
 {
-	preempt_disable();
-	pagefault_disable();
-	return page_address(page);
 }
-
-static inline void *kmap_atomic_prot(struct page *page, pgprot_t prot)
+static inline void flush_kernel_vmap_range(void *vaddr, int size)
 {
-	return kmap_atomic(page);
 }
-
-static inline void *kmap_atomic_pfn(unsigned long pfn)
+static inline void invalidate_kernel_vmap_range(void *vaddr, int size)
 {
-	return kmap_atomic(pfn_to_page(pfn));
 }
-
-static inline void __kunmap_atomic(void *addr)
-{
-	/*
-	 * Mostly nothing to do in the CONFIG_HIGHMEM=n case as kunmap_atomic()
-	 * handles re-enabling faults and preemption
-	 */
-#ifdef ARCH_HAS_FLUSH_ON_KUNMAP
-	kunmap_flush_on_unmap(addr);
 #endif
-}
-
-#define kmap_flush_unused()	do {} while(0)
-
-
-#endif /* CONFIG_HIGHMEM */
-
-/*
- * Prevent people trying to call kunmap_atomic() as if it were kunmap()
- * kunmap_atomic() should get the return value of kmap_atomic, not the page.
- */
-#define kunmap_atomic(__addr)					\
-do {								\
-	BUILD_BUG_ON(__same_type((__addr), struct page *));	\
-	__kunmap_atomic(__addr);				\
-	pagefault_enable();					\
-	preempt_enable();					\
-} while (0)
 
 /* when CONFIG_HIGHMEM is not set these will be plain clear/copy_page */
 #ifndef clear_user_highpage
--- a/mm/highmem.c
+++ b/mm/highmem.c
@@ -104,7 +104,7 @@  static inline wait_queue_head_t *get_pkm
 atomic_long_t _totalhigh_pages __read_mostly;
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(_totalhigh_pages);
 
-unsigned int nr_free_highpages (void)
+unsigned int __nr_free_highpages (void)
 {
 	struct zone *zone;
 	unsigned int pages = 0;
@@ -141,7 +141,7 @@  pte_t * pkmap_page_table;
 		do { spin_unlock(&kmap_lock); (void)(flags); } while (0)
 #endif
 
-struct page *kmap_to_page(void *vaddr)
+struct page *__kmap_to_page(void *vaddr)
 {
 	unsigned long addr = (unsigned long)vaddr;
 
@@ -152,7 +152,7 @@  struct page *kmap_to_page(void *vaddr)
 
 	return virt_to_page(addr);
 }
-EXPORT_SYMBOL(kmap_to_page);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(__kmap_to_page);
 
 static void flush_all_zero_pkmaps(void)
 {
@@ -194,10 +194,7 @@  static void flush_all_zero_pkmaps(void)
 		flush_tlb_kernel_range(PKMAP_ADDR(0), PKMAP_ADDR(LAST_PKMAP));
 }
 
-/**
- * kmap_flush_unused - flush all unused kmap mappings in order to remove stray mappings
- */
-void kmap_flush_unused(void)
+void __kmap_flush_unused(void)
 {
 	lock_kmap();
 	flush_all_zero_pkmaps();