f2fs: Fix deadlock between f2fs_quota_sync and block_operation
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Message ID 20201128173946.22340-1-shacharr@gmail.com
State New, archived
Headers show
Series
  • f2fs: Fix deadlock between f2fs_quota_sync and block_operation
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Commit Message

Shachar Raindel Nov. 28, 2020, 5:39 p.m. UTC
f2fs_quota_sync is calling f2fs_lock_op, in an attempt to prevent
an AB/BA type deadlock with quota_sem locking in block_operation.
However, rwsem in Linux is not recursive. As a result, the following
deadlock may occur:

f2fs_quota_sync
down_read(cp_rwsem) // f2fs_lock_op
filemap_fdatawrite
f2fs_write_data_pages
...
                                       block_opertaion
				       down_write(cp_rwsem) - marks rwsem as "writer pending"
down_read_trylock(cp_rwsem) - fails as there is
                              a writer pending.
			      Code keeps on trying.

We solve this by creating a new rwsem, used specifically to
synchronize this case, instead of attempting to reuse an existing lock
for this
---
 fs/f2fs/f2fs.h  |  3 +++
 fs/f2fs/super.c | 13 +++++++++++--
 2 files changed, 14 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

Patch
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diff --git a/fs/f2fs/f2fs.h b/fs/f2fs/f2fs.h
index cb700d797296..b3e55137be7f 100644
--- a/fs/f2fs/f2fs.h
+++ b/fs/f2fs/f2fs.h
@@ -1448,6 +1448,7 @@  struct f2fs_sb_info {
 	struct inode *meta_inode;		/* cache meta blocks */
 	struct mutex cp_mutex;			/* checkpoint procedure lock */
 	struct rw_semaphore cp_rwsem;		/* blocking FS operations */
+	struct rw_semaphore cp_quota_rwsem;    	/* blocking quota sync operations */
 	struct rw_semaphore node_write;		/* locking node writes */
 	struct rw_semaphore node_change;	/* locking node change */
 	wait_queue_head_t cp_wait;
@@ -1961,12 +1962,14 @@  static inline void f2fs_unlock_op(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi)
 
 static inline void f2fs_lock_all(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi)
 {
+	down_write(&sbi->cp_quota_rwsem);
 	down_write(&sbi->cp_rwsem);
 }
 
 static inline void f2fs_unlock_all(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi)
 {
 	up_write(&sbi->cp_rwsem);
+	up_write(&sbi->cp_quota_rwsem);
 }
 
 static inline int __get_cp_reason(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi)
diff --git a/fs/f2fs/super.c b/fs/f2fs/super.c
index 00eff2f51807..5ce61147d7e5 100644
--- a/fs/f2fs/super.c
+++ b/fs/f2fs/super.c
@@ -2209,8 +2209,16 @@  int f2fs_quota_sync(struct super_block *sb, int type)
 	 *  f2fs_dquot_commit
 	 *                            block_operation
 	 *                            down_read(quota_sem)
+	 *
+	 * However, we cannot use the cp_rwsem to prevent this
+	 * deadlock, as the cp_rwsem is taken for read inside the
+	 * f2fs_dquot_commit code, and rwsem is not recursive.
+	 *
+	 * We therefore use a special lock to synchronize
+	 * f2fs_quota_sync with block_operations, as this is the only
+	 * place where such recurrsion occurs.
 	 */
-	f2fs_lock_op(sbi);
+	down_read(&sbi->cp_quota_rwsem);
 
 	down_read(&sbi->quota_sem);
 	ret = dquot_writeback_dquots(sb, type);
@@ -2251,7 +2259,7 @@  int f2fs_quota_sync(struct super_block *sb, int type)
 	if (ret)
 		set_sbi_flag(F2FS_SB(sb), SBI_QUOTA_NEED_REPAIR);
 	up_read(&sbi->quota_sem);
-	f2fs_unlock_op(sbi);
+	up_read(&sbi->cp_quota_rwsem);
 	return ret;
 }
 
@@ -3599,6 +3607,7 @@  static int f2fs_fill_super(struct super_block *sb, void *data, int silent)
 
 	init_rwsem(&sbi->cp_rwsem);
 	init_rwsem(&sbi->quota_sem);
+	init_rwsem(&sbi->cp_quota_rwsem);
 	init_waitqueue_head(&sbi->cp_wait);
 	init_sb_info(sbi);