[v4] checkpatch: add warning for unnecessary use of %h[xudi] and %hh[xudi]
diff mbox series

Message ID 20201128200046.78739-1-dwaipayanray1@gmail.com
State Accepted
Commit 70eb2275ff8e0b4cafe67176674d580c987c071d
Headers show
Series
  • [v4] checkpatch: add warning for unnecessary use of %h[xudi] and %hh[xudi]
Related show

Commit Message

Dwaipayan Ray Nov. 28, 2020, 8 p.m. UTC
Modifiers %h and %hh should never be used.

Commit cbacb5ab0aa0 ("docs: printk-formats: Stop encouraging use
of unnecessary %h[xudi] and %hh[xudi]") specifies that:

"Standard integer promotion is already done and %hx and %hhx is useless
so do not encourage the use of %hh[xudi] or %h[xudi]."

"The "h" and "hh" things should never be used. The only reason for them
being used if you have an "int", but you want to print it out as a
"char" (and honestly, that is a really bad reason, you'd be better off
just using a proper cast to make the code more obvious)."

Add a new check to emit a warning on finding an unneeded use of %h or
%hh modifier.

Also add a fix option to the check.

Link: https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/4910042649a4f3ab22fac93191b8c1fa0a2e17c3.camel@perches.com/

Suggested-by: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com>
Suggested-by: Lukas Bulwahn <lukas.bulwahn@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Dwaipayan Ray <dwaipayanray1@gmail.com>
---
Changes in v4:
- Change warning type and message
- Use $stat_real and calculate line offset during matches
- fix option now works for any patch line
- # was added to format block to match %#06hh

Changes in v3:
- Change warning message
- Fix regex match to include capture group
- Warn on every unnecesary use of %h on a line
- Add fix option when the format line matches current line

Changes in v2:
- Use $logFunctions instead of the manual list.
- Relocate the check to after logging continuations check.
- Remove perl_version_ok check


 scripts/checkpatch.pl | 22 ++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 22 insertions(+)

Comments

Joe Perches Nov. 28, 2020, 8:08 p.m. UTC | #1
On Sun, 2020-11-29 at 01:30 +0530, Dwaipayan Ray wrote:
> Modifiers %h and %hh should never be used.

Seems OK, thanks.

Acked-by: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com>
 
> Commit cbacb5ab0aa0 ("docs: printk-formats: Stop encouraging use
> of unnecessary %h[xudi] and %hh[xudi]") specifies that:
> 
> "Standard integer promotion is already done and %hx and %hhx is useless
> so do not encourage the use of %hh[xudi] or %h[xudi]."
> 
> "The "h" and "hh" things should never be used. The only reason for them
> being used if you have an "int", but you want to print it out as a
> "char" (and honestly, that is a really bad reason, you'd be better off
> just using a proper cast to make the code more obvious)."
> 
> Add a new check to emit a warning on finding an unneeded use of %h or
> %hh modifier.
> 
> Also add a fix option to the check.
> 
> Link: https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/4910042649a4f3ab22fac93191b8c1fa0a2e17c3.camel@perches.com/
> 
> Suggested-by: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com>
> Suggested-by: Lukas Bulwahn <lukas.bulwahn@gmail.com>
> Signed-off-by: Dwaipayan Ray <dwaipayanray1@gmail.com>
> ---
> Changes in v4:
> - Change warning type and message
> - Use $stat_real and calculate line offset during matches
> - fix option now works for any patch line
> - # was added to format block to match %#06hh
> 
> Changes in v3:
> - Change warning message
> - Fix regex match to include capture group
> - Warn on every unnecesary use of %h on a line
> - Add fix option when the format line matches current line
> 
> Changes in v2:
> - Use $logFunctions instead of the manual list.
> - Relocate the check to after logging continuations check.
> - Remove perl_version_ok check
> 
> 
>  scripts/checkpatch.pl | 22 ++++++++++++++++++++++
>  1 file changed, 22 insertions(+)
> 
> diff --git a/scripts/checkpatch.pl b/scripts/checkpatch.pl
> index 7dc094445d83..3c86ea737e9c 100755
> --- a/scripts/checkpatch.pl
> +++ b/scripts/checkpatch.pl
> @@ -6027,6 +6027,28 @@ sub process {
>  			     "Avoid logging continuation uses where feasible\n" . $herecurr);
>  		}
> 
> +# check for unnecessary use of %h[xudi] and %hh[xudi] in logging functions
> +		if (defined $stat &&
> +		    $line =~ /\b$logFunctions\s*\(/ &&
> +		    index($stat, '"') >= 0) {
> +			my $lc = $stat =~ tr@\n@@;
> +			$lc = $lc + $linenr;
> +			my $stat_real = get_stat_real($linenr, $lc);
> +			pos($stat_real) = index($stat_real, '"');
> +			while ($stat_real =~ /[^\"%]*(%[\#\d\.\*\-]*(h+)[idux])/g) {
> +				my $pspec = $1;
> +				my $h = $2;
> +				my $lineoff = substr($stat_real, 0, $-[1]) =~ tr@\n@@;
> +				if (WARN("UNNECESSARY_MODIFIER",
> +					 "Integer promotion: Using '$h' in '$pspec' is unnecessary\n" . "$here\n$stat_real\n") &&
> +				    $fix && $fixed[$fixlinenr + $lineoff] =~ /^\+/) {
> +					my $nspec = $pspec;
> +					$nspec =~ s/h//g;
> +					$fixed[$fixlinenr + $lineoff] =~ s/\Q$pspec\E/$nspec/;
> +				}
> +			}
> +		}
> +
>  # check for mask then right shift without a parentheses
>  		if ($perl_version_ok &&
>  		    $line =~ /$LvalOrFunc\s*\&\s*($LvalOrFunc)\s*>>/ &&

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/scripts/checkpatch.pl b/scripts/checkpatch.pl
index 7dc094445d83..3c86ea737e9c 100755
--- a/scripts/checkpatch.pl
+++ b/scripts/checkpatch.pl
@@ -6027,6 +6027,28 @@  sub process {
 			     "Avoid logging continuation uses where feasible\n" . $herecurr);
 		}
 
+# check for unnecessary use of %h[xudi] and %hh[xudi] in logging functions
+		if (defined $stat &&
+		    $line =~ /\b$logFunctions\s*\(/ &&
+		    index($stat, '"') >= 0) {
+			my $lc = $stat =~ tr@\n@@;
+			$lc = $lc + $linenr;
+			my $stat_real = get_stat_real($linenr, $lc);
+			pos($stat_real) = index($stat_real, '"');
+			while ($stat_real =~ /[^\"%]*(%[\#\d\.\*\-]*(h+)[idux])/g) {
+				my $pspec = $1;
+				my $h = $2;
+				my $lineoff = substr($stat_real, 0, $-[1]) =~ tr@\n@@;
+				if (WARN("UNNECESSARY_MODIFIER",
+					 "Integer promotion: Using '$h' in '$pspec' is unnecessary\n" . "$here\n$stat_real\n") &&
+				    $fix && $fixed[$fixlinenr + $lineoff] =~ /^\+/) {
+					my $nspec = $pspec;
+					$nspec =~ s/h//g;
+					$fixed[$fixlinenr + $lineoff] =~ s/\Q$pspec\E/$nspec/;
+				}
+			}
+		}
+
 # check for mask then right shift without a parentheses
 		if ($perl_version_ok &&
 		    $line =~ /$LvalOrFunc\s*\&\s*($LvalOrFunc)\s*>>/ &&