[5.9,084/152] arch: pgtable: define MAX_POSSIBLE_PHYSMEM_BITS where needed
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Message ID 20201201084722.882163943@linuxfoundation.org
State New, archived
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  • Untitled series #474541
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Commit Message

Greg KH Dec. 1, 2020, 8:53 a.m. UTC
From: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>

[ Upstream commit cef397038167ac15d085914493d6c86385773709 ]

Stefan Agner reported a bug when using zsram on 32-bit Arm machines
with RAM above the 4GB address boundary:

  Unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference at virtual address 00000000
  pgd = a27bd01c
  [00000000] *pgd=236a0003, *pmd=1ffa64003
  Internal error: Oops: 207 [#1] SMP ARM
  Modules linked in: mdio_bcm_unimac(+) brcmfmac cfg80211 brcmutil raspberrypi_hwmon hci_uart crc32_arm_ce bcm2711_thermal phy_generic genet
  CPU: 0 PID: 123 Comm: mkfs.ext4 Not tainted 5.9.6 #1
  Hardware name: BCM2711
  PC is at zs_map_object+0x94/0x338
  LR is at zram_bvec_rw.constprop.0+0x330/0xa64
  pc : [<c0602b38>]    lr : [<c0bda6a0>]    psr: 60000013
  sp : e376bbe0  ip : 00000000  fp : c1e2921c
  r10: 00000002  r9 : c1dda730  r8 : 00000000
  r7 : e8ff7a00  r6 : 00000000  r5 : 02f9ffa0  r4 : e3710000
  r3 : 000fdffe  r2 : c1e0ce80  r1 : ebf979a0  r0 : 00000000
  Flags: nZCv  IRQs on  FIQs on  Mode SVC_32  ISA ARM  Segment user
  Control: 30c5383d  Table: 235c2a80  DAC: fffffffd
  Process mkfs.ext4 (pid: 123, stack limit = 0x495a22e6)
  Stack: (0xe376bbe0 to 0xe376c000)

As it turns out, zsram needs to know the maximum memory size, which
is defined in MAX_PHYSMEM_BITS when CONFIG_SPARSEMEM is set, or in
MAX_POSSIBLE_PHYSMEM_BITS on the x86 architecture.

The same problem will be hit on all 32-bit architectures that have a
physical address space larger than 4GB and happen to not enable sparsemem
and include asm/sparsemem.h from asm/pgtable.h.

After the initial discussion, I suggested just always defining
MAX_POSSIBLE_PHYSMEM_BITS whenever CONFIG_PHYS_ADDR_T_64BIT is
set, or provoking a build error otherwise. This addresses all
configurations that can currently have this runtime bug, but
leaves all other configurations unchanged.

I looked up the possible number of bits in source code and
datasheets, here is what I found:

 - on ARC, CONFIG_ARC_HAS_PAE40 controls whether 32 or 40 bits are used
 - on ARM, CONFIG_LPAE enables 40 bit addressing, without it we never
   support more than 32 bits, even though supersections in theory allow
   up to 40 bits as well.
 - on MIPS, some MIPS32r1 or later chips support 36 bits, and MIPS32r5
   XPA supports up to 60 bits in theory, but 40 bits are more than
   anyone will ever ship
 - On PowerPC, there are three different implementations of 36 bit
   addressing, but 32-bit is used without CONFIG_PTE_64BIT
 - On RISC-V, the normal page table format can support 34 bit
   addressing. There is no highmem support on RISC-V, so anything
   above 2GB is unused, but it might be useful to eventually support
   CONFIG_ZRAM for high pages.

Fixes: 61989a80fb3a ("staging: zsmalloc: zsmalloc memory allocation library")
Fixes: 02390b87a945 ("mm/zsmalloc: Prepare to variable MAX_PHYSMEM_BITS")
Acked-by: Thomas Bogendoerfer <tsbogend@alpha.franken.de>
Reviewed-by: Stefan Agner <stefan@agner.ch>
Tested-by: Stefan Agner <stefan@agner.ch>
Acked-by: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/linux-mm/bdfa44bf1c570b05d6c70898e2bbb0acf234ecdf.1604762181.git.stefan@agner.ch/
Signed-off-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <sashal@kernel.org>
---
 arch/arc/include/asm/pgtable.h               |  2 ++
 arch/arm/include/asm/pgtable-2level.h        |  2 ++
 arch/arm/include/asm/pgtable-3level.h        |  2 ++
 arch/mips/include/asm/pgtable-32.h           |  3 +++
 arch/powerpc/include/asm/book3s/32/pgtable.h |  2 ++
 arch/powerpc/include/asm/nohash/32/pgtable.h |  2 ++
 arch/riscv/include/asm/pgtable-32.h          |  2 ++
 include/linux/pgtable.h                      | 13 +++++++++++++
 8 files changed, 28 insertions(+)

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/arch/arc/include/asm/pgtable.h b/arch/arc/include/asm/pgtable.h
index f1ed17edb085b..163641726a2b9 100644
--- a/arch/arc/include/asm/pgtable.h
+++ b/arch/arc/include/asm/pgtable.h
@@ -134,8 +134,10 @@ 
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_ARC_HAS_PAE40
 #define PTE_BITS_NON_RWX_IN_PD1	(0xff00000000 | PAGE_MASK | _PAGE_CACHEABLE)
+#define MAX_POSSIBLE_PHYSMEM_BITS 40
 #else
 #define PTE_BITS_NON_RWX_IN_PD1	(PAGE_MASK | _PAGE_CACHEABLE)
+#define MAX_POSSIBLE_PHYSMEM_BITS 32
 #endif
 
 /**************************************************************************
diff --git a/arch/arm/include/asm/pgtable-2level.h b/arch/arm/include/asm/pgtable-2level.h
index 3502c2f746ca7..baf7d0204eb5a 100644
--- a/arch/arm/include/asm/pgtable-2level.h
+++ b/arch/arm/include/asm/pgtable-2level.h
@@ -75,6 +75,8 @@ 
 #define PTE_HWTABLE_OFF		(PTE_HWTABLE_PTRS * sizeof(pte_t))
 #define PTE_HWTABLE_SIZE	(PTRS_PER_PTE * sizeof(u32))
 
+#define MAX_POSSIBLE_PHYSMEM_BITS	32
+
 /*
  * PMD_SHIFT determines the size of the area a second-level page table can map
  * PGDIR_SHIFT determines what a third-level page table entry can map
diff --git a/arch/arm/include/asm/pgtable-3level.h b/arch/arm/include/asm/pgtable-3level.h
index fbb6693c33528..2b85d175e9996 100644
--- a/arch/arm/include/asm/pgtable-3level.h
+++ b/arch/arm/include/asm/pgtable-3level.h
@@ -25,6 +25,8 @@ 
 #define PTE_HWTABLE_OFF		(0)
 #define PTE_HWTABLE_SIZE	(PTRS_PER_PTE * sizeof(u64))
 
+#define MAX_POSSIBLE_PHYSMEM_BITS 40
+
 /*
  * PGDIR_SHIFT determines the size a top-level page table entry can map.
  */
diff --git a/arch/mips/include/asm/pgtable-32.h b/arch/mips/include/asm/pgtable-32.h
index a950fc1ddb4da..6c0532d7b2119 100644
--- a/arch/mips/include/asm/pgtable-32.h
+++ b/arch/mips/include/asm/pgtable-32.h
@@ -154,6 +154,7 @@  static inline void pmd_clear(pmd_t *pmdp)
 
 #if defined(CONFIG_XPA)
 
+#define MAX_POSSIBLE_PHYSMEM_BITS 40
 #define pte_pfn(x)		(((unsigned long)((x).pte_high >> _PFN_SHIFT)) | (unsigned long)((x).pte_low << _PAGE_PRESENT_SHIFT))
 static inline pte_t
 pfn_pte(unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot)
@@ -169,6 +170,7 @@  pfn_pte(unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot)
 
 #elif defined(CONFIG_PHYS_ADDR_T_64BIT) && defined(CONFIG_CPU_MIPS32)
 
+#define MAX_POSSIBLE_PHYSMEM_BITS 36
 #define pte_pfn(x)		((unsigned long)((x).pte_high >> 6))
 
 static inline pte_t pfn_pte(unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot)
@@ -183,6 +185,7 @@  static inline pte_t pfn_pte(unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot)
 
 #else
 
+#define MAX_POSSIBLE_PHYSMEM_BITS 32
 #ifdef CONFIG_CPU_VR41XX
 #define pte_pfn(x)		((unsigned long)((x).pte >> (PAGE_SHIFT + 2)))
 #define pfn_pte(pfn, prot)	__pte(((pfn) << (PAGE_SHIFT + 2)) | pgprot_val(prot))
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/book3s/32/pgtable.h b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/book3s/32/pgtable.h
index 36443cda8dcf2..1376be95e975f 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/book3s/32/pgtable.h
+++ b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/book3s/32/pgtable.h
@@ -36,8 +36,10 @@  static inline bool pte_user(pte_t pte)
  */
 #ifdef CONFIG_PTE_64BIT
 #define PTE_RPN_MASK	(~((1ULL << PTE_RPN_SHIFT) - 1))
+#define MAX_POSSIBLE_PHYSMEM_BITS 36
 #else
 #define PTE_RPN_MASK	(~((1UL << PTE_RPN_SHIFT) - 1))
+#define MAX_POSSIBLE_PHYSMEM_BITS 32
 #endif
 
 /*
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/nohash/32/pgtable.h b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/nohash/32/pgtable.h
index b9e134d0f03ad..5f5049c1ddb7f 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/nohash/32/pgtable.h
+++ b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/nohash/32/pgtable.h
@@ -153,8 +153,10 @@  int map_kernel_page(unsigned long va, phys_addr_t pa, pgprot_t prot);
  */
 #if defined(CONFIG_PPC32) && defined(CONFIG_PTE_64BIT)
 #define PTE_RPN_MASK	(~((1ULL << PTE_RPN_SHIFT) - 1))
+#define MAX_POSSIBLE_PHYSMEM_BITS 36
 #else
 #define PTE_RPN_MASK	(~((1UL << PTE_RPN_SHIFT) - 1))
+#define MAX_POSSIBLE_PHYSMEM_BITS 32
 #endif
 
 /*
diff --git a/arch/riscv/include/asm/pgtable-32.h b/arch/riscv/include/asm/pgtable-32.h
index b0ab66e5fdb1d..5b2e79e5bfa5b 100644
--- a/arch/riscv/include/asm/pgtable-32.h
+++ b/arch/riscv/include/asm/pgtable-32.h
@@ -14,4 +14,6 @@ 
 #define PGDIR_SIZE      (_AC(1, UL) << PGDIR_SHIFT)
 #define PGDIR_MASK      (~(PGDIR_SIZE - 1))
 
+#define MAX_POSSIBLE_PHYSMEM_BITS 34
+
 #endif /* _ASM_RISCV_PGTABLE_32_H */
diff --git a/include/linux/pgtable.h b/include/linux/pgtable.h
index 0cb5fe3afd164..cd5aa875245b4 100644
--- a/include/linux/pgtable.h
+++ b/include/linux/pgtable.h
@@ -1399,6 +1399,19 @@  typedef unsigned int pgtbl_mod_mask;
 
 #endif /* !__ASSEMBLY__ */
 
+#if !defined(MAX_POSSIBLE_PHYSMEM_BITS) && !defined(CONFIG_64BIT)
+#ifdef CONFIG_PHYS_ADDR_T_64BIT
+/*
+ * ZSMALLOC needs to know the highest PFN on 32-bit architectures
+ * with physical address space extension, but falls back to
+ * BITS_PER_LONG otherwise.
+ */
+#error Missing MAX_POSSIBLE_PHYSMEM_BITS definition
+#else
+#define MAX_POSSIBLE_PHYSMEM_BITS 32
+#endif
+#endif
+
 #ifndef has_transparent_hugepage
 #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE
 #define has_transparent_hugepage() 1