[v2,3/7] crypto: add RFC5869 HKDF
diff mbox series

Message ID 7864824.T7Z3S40VBb@positron.chronox.de
State New, archived
Headers show
Series
  • Add KDF implementations to crypto API
Related show

Commit Message

Stephan Mueller Jan. 24, 2021, 2:03 p.m. UTC
RFC5869 specifies an extract and expand two-step key derivation
function. The HKDF implementation is provided as a service function that
operates on a caller-provided HMAC handle. The caller has to allocate
the HMAC shash handle and then can invoke the HKDF service functions.
The HKDF implementation ensures that the entire state is kept with the
HMAC shash handle which implies that no additional state is required to
be maintained by the HKDF implementation.

The extract function is invoked via the crypto_hkdf_extract call. RFC5869
allows two optional parameters to be provided to the extract operation:
the salt and input key material (IKM). Both are to be provided with the
seed parameter where the salt is the first entry of the seed parameter
and all subsequent entries are handled as IKM. If the caller intends to
invoke the HKDF without salt, it has to provide a NULL/0 entry as first
entry in seed.

The expand function is invoked via crypto_hkdf_expand and can be
invoked multiple times. This function allows the caller to provide a
context for the key derivation operation. As specified in RFC5869, it is
optional. In case such context is not provided, the caller must provide
NULL / 0 for the info / info_nvec parameters.

Signed-off-by: Stephan Mueller <smueller@chronox.de>
---
 crypto/Kconfig        |   7 ++
 crypto/Makefile       |   1 +
 crypto/hkdf.c         | 199 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 include/crypto/hkdf.h |  48 ++++++++++
 4 files changed, 255 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 crypto/hkdf.c
 create mode 100644 include/crypto/hkdf.h

Comments

Eric Biggers Jan. 28, 2021, 8:08 p.m. UTC | #1
On Sun, Jan 24, 2021 at 03:03:28PM +0100, Stephan Müller wrote:
> RFC5869 specifies an extract and expand two-step key derivation
> function. The HKDF implementation is provided as a service function that
> operates on a caller-provided HMAC handle. The caller has to allocate
> the HMAC shash handle and then can invoke the HKDF service functions.
> The HKDF implementation ensures that the entire state is kept with the
> HMAC shash handle which implies that no additional state is required to
> be maintained by the HKDF implementation.
> 
> The extract function is invoked via the crypto_hkdf_extract call. RFC5869
> allows two optional parameters to be provided to the extract operation:
> the salt and input key material (IKM). Both are to be provided with the
> seed parameter where the salt is the first entry of the seed parameter
> and all subsequent entries are handled as IKM. If the caller intends to
> invoke the HKDF without salt, it has to provide a NULL/0 entry as first
> entry in seed.

The part about the "seed parameter" is outdated.

> The expand function is invoked via crypto_hkdf_expand and can be
> invoked multiple times. This function allows the caller to provide a
> context for the key derivation operation. As specified in RFC5869, it is
> optional. In case such context is not provided, the caller must provide
> NULL / 0 for the info / info_nvec parameters.

This commit message doesn't actually mention of *why* this patch is useful.  Is
it because there are going to be more uses of HKDF in the kernel besides the one
in fs/crypto/?  If so, what are those planned uses?

> diff --git a/crypto/Kconfig b/crypto/Kconfig
> index 9f375c2350f5..661287d7283b 100644
> --- a/crypto/Kconfig
> +++ b/crypto/Kconfig
> @@ -1862,6 +1862,13 @@ config CRYPTO_JITTERENTROPY
>  	  random numbers. This Jitterentropy RNG registers with
>  	  the kernel crypto API and can be used by any caller.
>  
> +config CRYPTO_HKDF
> +	tristate "Extract and Expand HKDF (RFC 5869)"
> +	select CRYPTO_HASH
> +	help
> +	  Enable the extract and expand key derivation function compliant
> +	  to RFC 5869.

This is just a library function, so it shouldn't be user-selectable.
It should just be selected by the kconfig options that need it.

> diff --git a/crypto/hkdf.c b/crypto/hkdf.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..8e80eca202e7
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/crypto/hkdf.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,199 @@
> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> +
> +/*
> + * HMAC-based Extract-and-Expand Key Derivation Function (conformant to RFC5869)
> + *
> + * Copyright (C) 2020, Stephan Mueller <smueller@chronox.de>
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/module.h>
> +#include <crypto/hkdf.h>
> +#include <crypto/internal/kdf_selftest.h>
> +
> +/*
> + * HKDF expand phase
> + */
> +int crypto_hkdf_expand(struct crypto_shash *kmd,
> +		       const struct kvec *info, unsigned int info_nvec,
> +		       u8 *dst, unsigned int dlen)
> +{
> +	SHASH_DESC_ON_STACK(desc, kmd);
> +	const unsigned int h = crypto_shash_digestsize(kmd), dlen_orig = dlen;
> +	unsigned int i;
> +	int err = 0;
> +	u8 *dst_orig = dst;
> +	const u8 *prev = NULL;
> +	u8 ctr = 0x01;
> +
> +	if (dlen > h * 255)
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +
> +	desc->tfm = kmd;
> +
> +	/* T(1) and following */
> +	while (dlen) {
> +		err = crypto_shash_init(desc);
> +		if (err)
> +			goto out;
> +
> +		if (prev) {
> +			err = crypto_shash_update(desc, prev, h);
> +			if (err)
> +				goto out;
> +		}
> +
> +		for (i = 0; i < info_nvec; i++) {
> +			err = crypto_shash_update(desc, info[i].iov_base,
> +						  info[i].iov_len);
> +			if (err)
> +				goto out;
> +		}
> +
> +		if (dlen < h) {
> +			u8 tmpbuffer[HASH_MAX_DIGESTSIZE];
> +
> +			err = crypto_shash_finup(desc, &ctr, 1, tmpbuffer);
> +			if (err)
> +				goto out;
> +			memcpy(dst, tmpbuffer, dlen);
> +			memzero_explicit(tmpbuffer, h);
> +			goto out;
> +		}
> +
> +		err = crypto_shash_finup(desc, &ctr, 1, dst);
> +		if (err)
> +			goto out;
> +
> +		prev = dst;
> +		dst += h;
> +		dlen -= h;
> +		ctr++;
> +	}
> +
> +out:
> +	if (err)
> +		memzero_explicit(dst_orig, dlen_orig);
> +	shash_desc_zero(desc);
> +	return err;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(crypto_hkdf_expand);

EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL?

> +
> +/*
> + * HKDF extract phase.
> + */
> +int crypto_hkdf_extract(struct crypto_shash *kmd,
> +			const u8 *salt, size_t saltlen,
> +			const u8 *ikm, size_t ikmlen)
> +{
> +	SHASH_DESC_ON_STACK(desc, kmd);
> +	unsigned int h = crypto_shash_digestsize(kmd);
> +	int err;
> +	static const u8 null_salt[HASH_MAX_DIGESTSIZE] = { 0 };
> +	u8 prk[HASH_MAX_DIGESTSIZE];
> +
> +	desc->tfm = kmd;
> +
> +	if (salt && saltlen) {

Checking 'salt && saltlen' like this is poor practice, as then if people
accidentally use salt == NULL && saltlen != 0 when they intended to use a salt,
the bug won't be detected.  Just doing 'if (saltlen)' would be better.

> +
> +	/* Extract the PRK */
> +	err = crypto_shash_init(desc);
> +	if (err)
> +		goto err;
> +
> +	err = crypto_shash_finup(desc, ikm, ikmlen, prk);
> +	if (err)
> +		goto err;

This should use crypto_shash_digest() instead of crypto_shash_init() +
crypto_shash_finup().

> +/* Test vectors from RFC 5869 appendix A */
> +static const struct kdf_testvec hkdf_hmac_sha256_tv_template[] = {
> +	{
> +		/* salt */
> +		.key = "\x00\x01\x02\x03\x04\x05\x06\x07"
> +		       "\x08\x09\x0a\x0b\x0c",
> +		.keylen  = 13,
> +		.ikm = "\x0b\x0b\x0b\x0b\x0b\x0b\x0b\x0b"
> +		       "\x0b\x0b\x0b\x0b\x0b\x0b\x0b\x0b"
> +		       "\x0b\x0b\x0b\x0b\x0b\x0b",
> +		.ikmlen = 22,
> +		.info = {
> +			.iov_base = "\xf0\xf1\xf2\xf3\xf4\xf5\xf6\xf7"
> +				    "\xf8\xf9",
> +			.iov_len  = 10
> +		},
> +		.expected	  = "\x3c\xb2\x5f\x25\xfa\xac\xd5\x7a"
> +				    "\x90\x43\x4f\x64\xd0\x36\x2f\x2a"
> +				    "\x2d\x2d\x0a\x90\xcf\x1a\x5a\x4c"
> +				    "\x5d\xb0\x2d\x56\xec\xc4\xc5\xbf"
> +				    "\x34\x00\x72\x08\xd5\xb8\x87\x18"
> +				    "\x58\x65",
> +		.expectedlen	  = 42
> +	}, {
> +		/* salt */
> +		.key = NULL,
> +		.keylen  = 0,
> +		.ikm = "\x0b\x0b\x0b\x0b\x0b\x0b\x0b\x0b"
> +		       "\x0b\x0b\x0b\x0b\x0b\x0b\x0b\x0b"
> +		       "\x0b\x0b\x0b\x0b\x0b\x0b",
> +		.ikmlen  = 22,
> +		.info = {
> +			.iov_base = NULL,
> +			.iov_len  = 0
> +		},
> +		.expected	  = "\x8d\xa4\xe7\x75\xa5\x63\xc1\x8f"
> +				    "\x71\x5f\x80\x2a\x06\x3c\x5a\x31"
> +				    "\xb8\xa1\x1f\x5c\x5e\xe1\x87\x9e"
> +				    "\xc3\x45\x4e\x5f\x3c\x73\x8d\x2d"
> +				    "\x9d\x20\x13\x95\xfa\xa4\xb6\x1a"
> +				    "\x96\xc8",
> +		.expectedlen	  = 42
> +	}
> +};

The case of multiple entries in the 'info' kvec isn't being tested.

Also, it is confusing having both 'key' and 'ikm'.  'key' really should be
'salt'.

> diff --git a/include/crypto/hkdf.h b/include/crypto/hkdf.h
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..c6989f786860
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/include/crypto/hkdf.h
> @@ -0,0 +1,48 @@
> +/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
> +
> +/*
> + * Copyright (C) 2020, Stephan Mueller <smueller@chronox.de>
> + */
> +
> +#ifndef _CRYPTO_HKDF_H
> +#define _CRYPTO_HKDF_H
> +
> +#include <crypto/hash.h>
> +#include <linux/uio.h>
> +
> +/**
> + * RFC 5869 HKDF expand operation
> + *
> + * @kmd Keyed message digest whose key was set with crypto_hkdf_extract
> + * @info optional context and application specific information - this may be
> + *	 NULL
> + * @info_vec number of optional context/application specific information entries
> + * @dst destination buffer that the caller already allocated
> + * @dlen length of the destination buffer - the KDF derives that amount of
> + *	 bytes.
> + *
> + * @return 0 on success, < 0 on error
> + */
> +int crypto_hkdf_expand(struct crypto_shash *kmd,
> +		       const struct kvec *info, unsigned int info_nvec,
> +		       u8 *dst, unsigned int dlen);
> +
> +/**
> + * RFC 5869 HKDF extract operation
> + *
> + * @kmd Keyed message digest allocated by the caller. The key should not have
> + *	been set.
> + * @salt The salt used for the KDF. It is permissible to provide NULL as salt
> + *	 which implies that the default salt is used.
> + * @saltlen Length of the salt buffer.
> + * @ikm The input key material (IKM). It is permissible to provide NULL as IKM.
> + * @ikmlen Length of the IKM buffer
> + * @seed_nvec number of seed entries (must be at least 1)

seed_nvec no longer exists.

- Eric

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/crypto/Kconfig b/crypto/Kconfig
index 9f375c2350f5..661287d7283b 100644
--- a/crypto/Kconfig
+++ b/crypto/Kconfig
@@ -1862,6 +1862,13 @@  config CRYPTO_JITTERENTROPY
 	  random numbers. This Jitterentropy RNG registers with
 	  the kernel crypto API and can be used by any caller.
 
+config CRYPTO_HKDF
+	tristate "Extract and Expand HKDF (RFC 5869)"
+	select CRYPTO_HASH
+	help
+	  Enable the extract and expand key derivation function compliant
+	  to RFC 5869.
+
 config CRYPTO_KDF800108_CTR
 	tristate "Counter KDF (SP800-108)"
 	select CRYPTO_HASH
diff --git a/crypto/Makefile b/crypto/Makefile
index 46845a70850d..55a4d8c31a45 100644
--- a/crypto/Makefile
+++ b/crypto/Makefile
@@ -201,4 +201,5 @@  obj-$(CONFIG_CRYPTO_SIMD) += crypto_simd.o
 #
 # Key derivation function
 #
+obj-$(CONFIG_CRYPTO_HKDF) += hkdf.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_CRYPTO_KDF800108_CTR) += kdf_sp800108.o
diff --git a/crypto/hkdf.c b/crypto/hkdf.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..8e80eca202e7
--- /dev/null
+++ b/crypto/hkdf.c
@@ -0,0 +1,199 @@ 
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+
+/*
+ * HMAC-based Extract-and-Expand Key Derivation Function (conformant to RFC5869)
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2020, Stephan Mueller <smueller@chronox.de>
+ */
+
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <crypto/hkdf.h>
+#include <crypto/internal/kdf_selftest.h>
+
+/*
+ * HKDF expand phase
+ */
+int crypto_hkdf_expand(struct crypto_shash *kmd,
+		       const struct kvec *info, unsigned int info_nvec,
+		       u8 *dst, unsigned int dlen)
+{
+	SHASH_DESC_ON_STACK(desc, kmd);
+	const unsigned int h = crypto_shash_digestsize(kmd), dlen_orig = dlen;
+	unsigned int i;
+	int err = 0;
+	u8 *dst_orig = dst;
+	const u8 *prev = NULL;
+	u8 ctr = 0x01;
+
+	if (dlen > h * 255)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	desc->tfm = kmd;
+
+	/* T(1) and following */
+	while (dlen) {
+		err = crypto_shash_init(desc);
+		if (err)
+			goto out;
+
+		if (prev) {
+			err = crypto_shash_update(desc, prev, h);
+			if (err)
+				goto out;
+		}
+
+		for (i = 0; i < info_nvec; i++) {
+			err = crypto_shash_update(desc, info[i].iov_base,
+						  info[i].iov_len);
+			if (err)
+				goto out;
+		}
+
+		if (dlen < h) {
+			u8 tmpbuffer[HASH_MAX_DIGESTSIZE];
+
+			err = crypto_shash_finup(desc, &ctr, 1, tmpbuffer);
+			if (err)
+				goto out;
+			memcpy(dst, tmpbuffer, dlen);
+			memzero_explicit(tmpbuffer, h);
+			goto out;
+		}
+
+		err = crypto_shash_finup(desc, &ctr, 1, dst);
+		if (err)
+			goto out;
+
+		prev = dst;
+		dst += h;
+		dlen -= h;
+		ctr++;
+	}
+
+out:
+	if (err)
+		memzero_explicit(dst_orig, dlen_orig);
+	shash_desc_zero(desc);
+	return err;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(crypto_hkdf_expand);
+
+/*
+ * HKDF extract phase.
+ */
+int crypto_hkdf_extract(struct crypto_shash *kmd,
+			const u8 *salt, size_t saltlen,
+			const u8 *ikm, size_t ikmlen)
+{
+	SHASH_DESC_ON_STACK(desc, kmd);
+	unsigned int h = crypto_shash_digestsize(kmd);
+	int err;
+	static const u8 null_salt[HASH_MAX_DIGESTSIZE] = { 0 };
+	u8 prk[HASH_MAX_DIGESTSIZE];
+
+	desc->tfm = kmd;
+
+	if (salt && saltlen) {
+		/* Set the salt as HMAC key */
+		err = crypto_shash_setkey(kmd, salt, saltlen);
+	} else {
+		/* Set the default HMAC key as none was provided */
+		err = crypto_shash_setkey(kmd, null_salt, h);
+	}
+
+	if (err)
+		return err;
+
+	/* Extract the PRK */
+	err = crypto_shash_init(desc);
+	if (err)
+		goto err;
+
+	err = crypto_shash_finup(desc, ikm, ikmlen, prk);
+	if (err)
+		goto err;
+
+	/* Set the PRK for the expand phase */
+	err = crypto_shash_setkey(kmd, prk, h);
+
+err:
+	shash_desc_zero(desc);
+	memzero_explicit(prk, h);
+	return err;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(crypto_hkdf_extract);
+
+/* Test vectors from RFC 5869 appendix A */
+static const struct kdf_testvec hkdf_hmac_sha256_tv_template[] = {
+	{
+		/* salt */
+		.key = "\x00\x01\x02\x03\x04\x05\x06\x07"
+		       "\x08\x09\x0a\x0b\x0c",
+		.keylen  = 13,
+		.ikm = "\x0b\x0b\x0b\x0b\x0b\x0b\x0b\x0b"
+		       "\x0b\x0b\x0b\x0b\x0b\x0b\x0b\x0b"
+		       "\x0b\x0b\x0b\x0b\x0b\x0b",
+		.ikmlen = 22,
+		.info = {
+			.iov_base = "\xf0\xf1\xf2\xf3\xf4\xf5\xf6\xf7"
+				    "\xf8\xf9",
+			.iov_len  = 10
+		},
+		.expected	  = "\x3c\xb2\x5f\x25\xfa\xac\xd5\x7a"
+				    "\x90\x43\x4f\x64\xd0\x36\x2f\x2a"
+				    "\x2d\x2d\x0a\x90\xcf\x1a\x5a\x4c"
+				    "\x5d\xb0\x2d\x56\xec\xc4\xc5\xbf"
+				    "\x34\x00\x72\x08\xd5\xb8\x87\x18"
+				    "\x58\x65",
+		.expectedlen	  = 42
+	}, {
+		/* salt */
+		.key = NULL,
+		.keylen  = 0,
+		.ikm = "\x0b\x0b\x0b\x0b\x0b\x0b\x0b\x0b"
+		       "\x0b\x0b\x0b\x0b\x0b\x0b\x0b\x0b"
+		       "\x0b\x0b\x0b\x0b\x0b\x0b",
+		.ikmlen  = 22,
+		.info = {
+			.iov_base = NULL,
+			.iov_len  = 0
+		},
+		.expected	  = "\x8d\xa4\xe7\x75\xa5\x63\xc1\x8f"
+				    "\x71\x5f\x80\x2a\x06\x3c\x5a\x31"
+				    "\xb8\xa1\x1f\x5c\x5e\xe1\x87\x9e"
+				    "\xc3\x45\x4e\x5f\x3c\x73\x8d\x2d"
+				    "\x9d\x20\x13\x95\xfa\xa4\xb6\x1a"
+				    "\x96\xc8",
+		.expectedlen	  = 42
+	}
+};
+
+static int __init crypto_hkdf_init(void)
+{
+	unsigned int i;
+	int ret;
+
+	for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(hkdf_hmac_sha256_tv_template); i++) {
+		ret = kdf_test(&hkdf_hmac_sha256_tv_template[i], "hmac(sha256)",
+			       crypto_hkdf_extract, crypto_hkdf_expand);
+
+		if (ret) {
+			pr_warn("alg: self-tests for HKDF (hmac(sha256)) failed (rc=%d)\n",
+				ret);
+			return ret;
+		}
+	}
+
+	pr_info("alg: self-tests for HKDF (hmac(sha256)) passed\n");
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static void __exit crypto_hkdf_exit(void) { }
+
+module_init(crypto_hkdf_init);
+module_exit(crypto_hkdf_exit);
+
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Stephan Mueller <smueller@chronox.de>");
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("HKDF HMAC-based Extract-and-Expand Key Derivation Function  (conformant to RFC5869)");
diff --git a/include/crypto/hkdf.h b/include/crypto/hkdf.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..c6989f786860
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/crypto/hkdf.h
@@ -0,0 +1,48 @@ 
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
+
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2020, Stephan Mueller <smueller@chronox.de>
+ */
+
+#ifndef _CRYPTO_HKDF_H
+#define _CRYPTO_HKDF_H
+
+#include <crypto/hash.h>
+#include <linux/uio.h>
+
+/**
+ * RFC 5869 HKDF expand operation
+ *
+ * @kmd Keyed message digest whose key was set with crypto_hkdf_extract
+ * @info optional context and application specific information - this may be
+ *	 NULL
+ * @info_vec number of optional context/application specific information entries
+ * @dst destination buffer that the caller already allocated
+ * @dlen length of the destination buffer - the KDF derives that amount of
+ *	 bytes.
+ *
+ * @return 0 on success, < 0 on error
+ */
+int crypto_hkdf_expand(struct crypto_shash *kmd,
+		       const struct kvec *info, unsigned int info_nvec,
+		       u8 *dst, unsigned int dlen);
+
+/**
+ * RFC 5869 HKDF extract operation
+ *
+ * @kmd Keyed message digest allocated by the caller. The key should not have
+ *	been set.
+ * @salt The salt used for the KDF. It is permissible to provide NULL as salt
+ *	 which implies that the default salt is used.
+ * @saltlen Length of the salt buffer.
+ * @ikm The input key material (IKM). It is permissible to provide NULL as IKM.
+ * @ikmlen Length of the IKM buffer
+ * @seed_nvec number of seed entries (must be at least 1)
+ *
+ * @return 0 on success, < 0 on error
+ */
+int crypto_hkdf_extract(struct crypto_shash *kmd,
+			const u8 *salt, size_t saltlen,
+			const u8 *ikm, size_t ikmlen);
+
+#endif /* _CRYPTO_HKDF_H */