[v6,5/5] certs: Allow root user to append signed hashes to the blacklist keyring
diff mbox series

Message ID 20210210120410.471693-6-mic@digikod.net
State New, archived
Headers show
Series
  • Enable root to update the blacklist keyring
Related show

Commit Message

Mickaël Salaün Feb. 10, 2021, 12:04 p.m. UTC
From: Mickaël Salaün <mic@linux.microsoft.com>

Add a kernel option SYSTEM_BLACKLIST_AUTH_UPDATE to enable the root user
to dynamically add new keys to the blacklist keyring.  This enables to
invalidate new certificates, either from being loaded in a keyring, or
from being trusted in a PKCS#7 certificate chain.  This also enables to
add new file hashes to be denied by the integrity infrastructure.

Being able to untrust a certificate which could have normaly been
trusted is a sensitive operation.  This is why adding new hashes to the
blacklist keyring is only allowed when these hashes are signed and
vouched by the builtin trusted keyring.  A blacklist hash is stored as a
key description.  The PKCS#7 signature of this description must be
provided as the key payload.

Marking a certificate as untrusted should be enforced while the system
is running.  It is then forbiden to remove such blacklist keys.

Update blacklist keyring, blacklist key and revoked certificate access rights:
* allows the root user to search for a specific blacklisted hash, which
  make sense because the descriptions are already viewable;
* forbids key update (blacklist and asymmetric ones);
* restricts kernel rights on the blacklist keyring to align with the
  root user rights.

See help in tools/certs/print-cert-tbs-hash.sh .

Cc: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
Cc: David Woodhouse <dwmw2@infradead.org>
Cc: Eric Snowberg <eric.snowberg@oracle.com>
Cc: Jarkko Sakkinen <jarkko@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Mickaël Salaün <mic@linux.microsoft.com>
---

Changes since v5:
* Rebase on keys-next, fix Kconfig conflict, and update the asymmetric
  key rights added to the blacklist keyring by the new
  add_key_to_revocation_list(): align with blacklist key rights by
  removing KEY_POS_WRITE as a safeguard, and add
  KEY_ALLOC_BYPASS_RESTRICTION to not be subject to
  restrict_link_for_blacklist() that only allows blacklist key types to
  be added to the keyring.
* Change the return code for restrict_link_for_blacklist() from -EPERM
  to -EOPNOTSUPP to align with asymmetric key keyrings.

Changes since v3:
* Update commit message for print-cert-tbs-hash.sh .

Changes since v2:
* Add comment for blacklist_key_instantiate().
---
 certs/Kconfig     | 10 +++++
 certs/blacklist.c | 96 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----------
 2 files changed, 85 insertions(+), 21 deletions(-)

Comments

Jarkko Sakkinen Feb. 12, 2021, 11:48 a.m. UTC | #1
On Wed, Feb 10, 2021 at 01:04:10PM +0100, Mickaël Salaün wrote:
> From: Mickaël Salaün <mic@linux.microsoft.com>
> 
> Add a kernel option SYSTEM_BLACKLIST_AUTH_UPDATE to enable the root user
> to dynamically add new keys to the blacklist keyring.  This enables to
> invalidate new certificates, either from being loaded in a keyring, or
> from being trusted in a PKCS#7 certificate chain.  This also enables to
> add new file hashes to be denied by the integrity infrastructure.
> 
> Being able to untrust a certificate which could have normaly been
> trusted is a sensitive operation.  This is why adding new hashes to the
> blacklist keyring is only allowed when these hashes are signed and
> vouched by the builtin trusted keyring.  A blacklist hash is stored as a
> key description.  The PKCS#7 signature of this description must be
> provided as the key payload.
> 
> Marking a certificate as untrusted should be enforced while the system
> is running.  It is then forbiden to remove such blacklist keys.
> 
> Update blacklist keyring, blacklist key and revoked certificate access rights:
> * allows the root user to search for a specific blacklisted hash, which
>   make sense because the descriptions are already viewable;
> * forbids key update (blacklist and asymmetric ones);
> * restricts kernel rights on the blacklist keyring to align with the
>   root user rights.
> 
> See help in tools/certs/print-cert-tbs-hash.sh .
> 
> Cc: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
> Cc: David Woodhouse <dwmw2@infradead.org>
> Cc: Eric Snowberg <eric.snowberg@oracle.com>
> Cc: Jarkko Sakkinen <jarkko@kernel.org>
> Signed-off-by: Mickaël Salaün <mic@linux.microsoft.com>

Tested-by: Jarkko Sakkinen <jarkko@kernel.org>

/Jarkko

> ---
> 
> Changes since v5:
> * Rebase on keys-next, fix Kconfig conflict, and update the asymmetric
>   key rights added to the blacklist keyring by the new
>   add_key_to_revocation_list(): align with blacklist key rights by
>   removing KEY_POS_WRITE as a safeguard, and add
>   KEY_ALLOC_BYPASS_RESTRICTION to not be subject to
>   restrict_link_for_blacklist() that only allows blacklist key types to
>   be added to the keyring.
> * Change the return code for restrict_link_for_blacklist() from -EPERM
>   to -EOPNOTSUPP to align with asymmetric key keyrings.
> 
> Changes since v3:
> * Update commit message for print-cert-tbs-hash.sh .
> 
> Changes since v2:
> * Add comment for blacklist_key_instantiate().
> ---
>  certs/Kconfig     | 10 +++++
>  certs/blacklist.c | 96 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----------
>  2 files changed, 85 insertions(+), 21 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/certs/Kconfig b/certs/Kconfig
> index 139940b54207..555491fdde0e 100644
> --- a/certs/Kconfig
> +++ b/certs/Kconfig
> @@ -94,4 +94,14 @@ config SYSTEM_REVOCATION_KEYS
>  	  containing X.509 certificates to be included in the default blacklist
>  	  keyring.
>  
> +config SYSTEM_BLACKLIST_AUTH_UPDATE
> +	bool "Allow root to add signed blacklist keys"
> +	depends on SYSTEM_BLACKLIST_KEYRING
> +	depends on SYSTEM_DATA_VERIFICATION
> +	help
> +	  If set, provide the ability to load new blacklist keys at run time if
> +	  they are signed and vouched by a certificate from the builtin trusted
> +	  keyring.  The PKCS#7 signature of the description is set in the key
> +	  payload.  Blacklist keys cannot be removed.
> +
>  endmenu
> diff --git a/certs/blacklist.c b/certs/blacklist.c
> index 9fe79597bda7..731e8e5bb6d8 100644
> --- a/certs/blacklist.c
> +++ b/certs/blacklist.c
> @@ -15,6 +15,7 @@
>  #include <linux/err.h>
>  #include <linux/seq_file.h>
>  #include <linux/uidgid.h>
> +#include <linux/verification.h>
>  #include <keys/system_keyring.h>
>  #include "blacklist.h"
>  #include "common.h"
> @@ -26,6 +27,9 @@
>   */
>  #define MAX_HASH_LEN	128
>  
> +#define BLACKLIST_KEY_PERM (KEY_POS_SEARCH | KEY_POS_VIEW | \
> +			    KEY_USR_SEARCH | KEY_USR_VIEW)
> +
>  static const char tbs_prefix[] = "tbs";
>  static const char bin_prefix[] = "bin";
>  
> @@ -78,19 +82,51 @@ static int blacklist_vet_description(const char *desc)
>  	return 0;
>  }
>  
> -/*
> - * The hash to be blacklisted is expected to be in the description.  There will
> - * be no payload.
> - */
> -static int blacklist_preparse(struct key_preparsed_payload *prep)
> +static int blacklist_key_instantiate(struct key *key,
> +		struct key_preparsed_payload *prep)
>  {
> -	if (prep->datalen > 0)
> -		return -EINVAL;
> -	return 0;
> +#ifdef CONFIG_SYSTEM_BLACKLIST_AUTH_UPDATE
> +	int err;
> +#endif
> +
> +	/* Sets safe default permissions for keys loaded by user space. */
> +	key->perm = BLACKLIST_KEY_PERM;
> +
> +	/*
> +	 * Skips the authentication step for builtin hashes, they are not
> +	 * signed but still trusted.
> +	 */
> +	if (key->flags & (1 << KEY_FLAG_BUILTIN))
> +		goto out;
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_SYSTEM_BLACKLIST_AUTH_UPDATE
> +	/*
> +	 * Verifies the description's PKCS#7 signature against the builtin
> +	 * trusted keyring.
> +	 */
> +	err = verify_pkcs7_signature(key->description,
> +			strlen(key->description), prep->data, prep->datalen,
> +			NULL, VERIFYING_UNSPECIFIED_SIGNATURE, NULL, NULL);
> +	if (err)
> +		return err;
> +#else
> +	/*
> +	 * It should not be possible to come here because the keyring doesn't
> +	 * have KEY_USR_WRITE and the only other way to call this function is
> +	 * for builtin hashes.
> +	 */
> +	WARN_ON_ONCE(1);
> +	return -EPERM;
> +#endif
> +
> +out:
> +	return generic_key_instantiate(key, prep);
>  }
>  
> -static void blacklist_free_preparse(struct key_preparsed_payload *prep)
> +static int blacklist_key_update(struct key *key,
> +		struct key_preparsed_payload *prep)
>  {
> +	return -EPERM;
>  }
>  
>  static void blacklist_describe(const struct key *key, struct seq_file *m)
> @@ -101,9 +137,8 @@ static void blacklist_describe(const struct key *key, struct seq_file *m)
>  static struct key_type key_type_blacklist = {
>  	.name			= "blacklist",
>  	.vet_description	= blacklist_vet_description,
> -	.preparse		= blacklist_preparse,
> -	.free_preparse		= blacklist_free_preparse,
> -	.instantiate		= generic_key_instantiate,
> +	.instantiate		= blacklist_key_instantiate,
> +	.update			= blacklist_key_update,
>  	.describe		= blacklist_describe,
>  };
>  
> @@ -152,8 +187,7 @@ static int mark_raw_hash_blacklisted(const char *hash)
>  				   hash,
>  				   NULL,
>  				   0,
> -				   ((KEY_POS_ALL & ~KEY_POS_SETATTR) |
> -				    KEY_USR_VIEW),
> +				   BLACKLIST_KEY_PERM,
>  				   KEY_ALLOC_NOT_IN_QUOTA |
>  				   KEY_ALLOC_BUILT_IN);
>  	if (IS_ERR(key)) {
> @@ -172,8 +206,10 @@ int add_key_to_revocation_list(const char *data, size_t size)
>  				   NULL,
>  				   data,
>  				   size,
> -				   ((KEY_POS_ALL & ~KEY_POS_SETATTR) | KEY_USR_VIEW),
> -				   KEY_ALLOC_NOT_IN_QUOTA | KEY_ALLOC_BUILT_IN);
> +				   KEY_POS_VIEW | KEY_POS_READ | KEY_POS_SEARCH
> +				   | KEY_USR_VIEW,
> +				   KEY_ALLOC_NOT_IN_QUOTA | KEY_ALLOC_BUILT_IN
> +				   | KEY_ALLOC_BYPASS_RESTRICTION);
>  
>  	if (IS_ERR(key)) {
>  		pr_err("Problem with revocation key (%ld)\n", PTR_ERR(key));
> @@ -247,25 +283,43 @@ int is_binary_blacklisted(const u8 *hash, size_t hash_len)
>  }
>  EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(is_binary_blacklisted);
>  
> +static int restrict_link_for_blacklist(struct key *dest_keyring,
> +		const struct key_type *type, const union key_payload *payload,
> +		struct key *restrict_key)
> +{
> +	if (type == &key_type_blacklist)
> +		return 0;
> +	return -EOPNOTSUPP;
> +}
> +
>  /*
>   * Initialise the blacklist
>   */
>  static int __init blacklist_init(void)
>  {
>  	const char *const *bl;
> +	struct key_restriction *restriction;
>  
>  	if (register_key_type(&key_type_blacklist) < 0)
>  		panic("Can't allocate system blacklist key type\n");
>  
> +	restriction = kzalloc(sizeof(*restriction), GFP_KERNEL);
> +	if (!restriction)
> +		panic("Can't allocate blacklist keyring restriction\n");
> +	restriction->check = restrict_link_for_blacklist;
> +
>  	blacklist_keyring =
>  		keyring_alloc(".blacklist",
>  			      GLOBAL_ROOT_UID, GLOBAL_ROOT_GID, current_cred(),
> -			      (KEY_POS_ALL & ~KEY_POS_SETATTR) |
> -			      KEY_USR_VIEW | KEY_USR_READ |
> -			      KEY_USR_SEARCH,
> -			      KEY_ALLOC_NOT_IN_QUOTA |
> +			      KEY_POS_VIEW | KEY_POS_READ | KEY_POS_SEARCH |
> +			      KEY_POS_WRITE |
> +			      KEY_USR_VIEW | KEY_USR_READ | KEY_USR_SEARCH
> +#ifdef CONFIG_SYSTEM_BLACKLIST_AUTH_UPDATE
> +			      | KEY_USR_WRITE
> +#endif
> +			      , KEY_ALLOC_NOT_IN_QUOTA |
>  			      KEY_ALLOC_SET_KEEP,
> -			      NULL, NULL);
> +			      restriction, NULL);
>  	if (IS_ERR(blacklist_keyring))
>  		panic("Can't allocate system blacklist keyring\n");
>  
> -- 
> 2.30.0
> 
>

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/certs/Kconfig b/certs/Kconfig
index 139940b54207..555491fdde0e 100644
--- a/certs/Kconfig
+++ b/certs/Kconfig
@@ -94,4 +94,14 @@  config SYSTEM_REVOCATION_KEYS
 	  containing X.509 certificates to be included in the default blacklist
 	  keyring.
 
+config SYSTEM_BLACKLIST_AUTH_UPDATE
+	bool "Allow root to add signed blacklist keys"
+	depends on SYSTEM_BLACKLIST_KEYRING
+	depends on SYSTEM_DATA_VERIFICATION
+	help
+	  If set, provide the ability to load new blacklist keys at run time if
+	  they are signed and vouched by a certificate from the builtin trusted
+	  keyring.  The PKCS#7 signature of the description is set in the key
+	  payload.  Blacklist keys cannot be removed.
+
 endmenu
diff --git a/certs/blacklist.c b/certs/blacklist.c
index 9fe79597bda7..731e8e5bb6d8 100644
--- a/certs/blacklist.c
+++ b/certs/blacklist.c
@@ -15,6 +15,7 @@ 
 #include <linux/err.h>
 #include <linux/seq_file.h>
 #include <linux/uidgid.h>
+#include <linux/verification.h>
 #include <keys/system_keyring.h>
 #include "blacklist.h"
 #include "common.h"
@@ -26,6 +27,9 @@ 
  */
 #define MAX_HASH_LEN	128
 
+#define BLACKLIST_KEY_PERM (KEY_POS_SEARCH | KEY_POS_VIEW | \
+			    KEY_USR_SEARCH | KEY_USR_VIEW)
+
 static const char tbs_prefix[] = "tbs";
 static const char bin_prefix[] = "bin";
 
@@ -78,19 +82,51 @@  static int blacklist_vet_description(const char *desc)
 	return 0;
 }
 
-/*
- * The hash to be blacklisted is expected to be in the description.  There will
- * be no payload.
- */
-static int blacklist_preparse(struct key_preparsed_payload *prep)
+static int blacklist_key_instantiate(struct key *key,
+		struct key_preparsed_payload *prep)
 {
-	if (prep->datalen > 0)
-		return -EINVAL;
-	return 0;
+#ifdef CONFIG_SYSTEM_BLACKLIST_AUTH_UPDATE
+	int err;
+#endif
+
+	/* Sets safe default permissions for keys loaded by user space. */
+	key->perm = BLACKLIST_KEY_PERM;
+
+	/*
+	 * Skips the authentication step for builtin hashes, they are not
+	 * signed but still trusted.
+	 */
+	if (key->flags & (1 << KEY_FLAG_BUILTIN))
+		goto out;
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_SYSTEM_BLACKLIST_AUTH_UPDATE
+	/*
+	 * Verifies the description's PKCS#7 signature against the builtin
+	 * trusted keyring.
+	 */
+	err = verify_pkcs7_signature(key->description,
+			strlen(key->description), prep->data, prep->datalen,
+			NULL, VERIFYING_UNSPECIFIED_SIGNATURE, NULL, NULL);
+	if (err)
+		return err;
+#else
+	/*
+	 * It should not be possible to come here because the keyring doesn't
+	 * have KEY_USR_WRITE and the only other way to call this function is
+	 * for builtin hashes.
+	 */
+	WARN_ON_ONCE(1);
+	return -EPERM;
+#endif
+
+out:
+	return generic_key_instantiate(key, prep);
 }
 
-static void blacklist_free_preparse(struct key_preparsed_payload *prep)
+static int blacklist_key_update(struct key *key,
+		struct key_preparsed_payload *prep)
 {
+	return -EPERM;
 }
 
 static void blacklist_describe(const struct key *key, struct seq_file *m)
@@ -101,9 +137,8 @@  static void blacklist_describe(const struct key *key, struct seq_file *m)
 static struct key_type key_type_blacklist = {
 	.name			= "blacklist",
 	.vet_description	= blacklist_vet_description,
-	.preparse		= blacklist_preparse,
-	.free_preparse		= blacklist_free_preparse,
-	.instantiate		= generic_key_instantiate,
+	.instantiate		= blacklist_key_instantiate,
+	.update			= blacklist_key_update,
 	.describe		= blacklist_describe,
 };
 
@@ -152,8 +187,7 @@  static int mark_raw_hash_blacklisted(const char *hash)
 				   hash,
 				   NULL,
 				   0,
-				   ((KEY_POS_ALL & ~KEY_POS_SETATTR) |
-				    KEY_USR_VIEW),
+				   BLACKLIST_KEY_PERM,
 				   KEY_ALLOC_NOT_IN_QUOTA |
 				   KEY_ALLOC_BUILT_IN);
 	if (IS_ERR(key)) {
@@ -172,8 +206,10 @@  int add_key_to_revocation_list(const char *data, size_t size)
 				   NULL,
 				   data,
 				   size,
-				   ((KEY_POS_ALL & ~KEY_POS_SETATTR) | KEY_USR_VIEW),
-				   KEY_ALLOC_NOT_IN_QUOTA | KEY_ALLOC_BUILT_IN);
+				   KEY_POS_VIEW | KEY_POS_READ | KEY_POS_SEARCH
+				   | KEY_USR_VIEW,
+				   KEY_ALLOC_NOT_IN_QUOTA | KEY_ALLOC_BUILT_IN
+				   | KEY_ALLOC_BYPASS_RESTRICTION);
 
 	if (IS_ERR(key)) {
 		pr_err("Problem with revocation key (%ld)\n", PTR_ERR(key));
@@ -247,25 +283,43 @@  int is_binary_blacklisted(const u8 *hash, size_t hash_len)
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(is_binary_blacklisted);
 
+static int restrict_link_for_blacklist(struct key *dest_keyring,
+		const struct key_type *type, const union key_payload *payload,
+		struct key *restrict_key)
+{
+	if (type == &key_type_blacklist)
+		return 0;
+	return -EOPNOTSUPP;
+}
+
 /*
  * Initialise the blacklist
  */
 static int __init blacklist_init(void)
 {
 	const char *const *bl;
+	struct key_restriction *restriction;
 
 	if (register_key_type(&key_type_blacklist) < 0)
 		panic("Can't allocate system blacklist key type\n");
 
+	restriction = kzalloc(sizeof(*restriction), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!restriction)
+		panic("Can't allocate blacklist keyring restriction\n");
+	restriction->check = restrict_link_for_blacklist;
+
 	blacklist_keyring =
 		keyring_alloc(".blacklist",
 			      GLOBAL_ROOT_UID, GLOBAL_ROOT_GID, current_cred(),
-			      (KEY_POS_ALL & ~KEY_POS_SETATTR) |
-			      KEY_USR_VIEW | KEY_USR_READ |
-			      KEY_USR_SEARCH,
-			      KEY_ALLOC_NOT_IN_QUOTA |
+			      KEY_POS_VIEW | KEY_POS_READ | KEY_POS_SEARCH |
+			      KEY_POS_WRITE |
+			      KEY_USR_VIEW | KEY_USR_READ | KEY_USR_SEARCH
+#ifdef CONFIG_SYSTEM_BLACKLIST_AUTH_UPDATE
+			      | KEY_USR_WRITE
+#endif
+			      , KEY_ALLOC_NOT_IN_QUOTA |
 			      KEY_ALLOC_SET_KEEP,
-			      NULL, NULL);
+			      restriction, NULL);
 	if (IS_ERR(blacklist_keyring))
 		panic("Can't allocate system blacklist keyring\n");