ia64: Depend on non-static printk for cmpxchg debug
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Message ID YCflN5zTvo5mxvKY@chrisdown.name
State New, archived
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Series
  • ia64: Depend on non-static printk for cmpxchg debug
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Commit Message

Chris Down Feb. 13, 2021, 2:41 p.m. UTC
With !CONFIG_PRINTK, printk() is static in the header, but ia64's
cmpxchg.h with CONFIG_IA64_DEBUG_CMPXCHG doesn't take this into account
before trying to use it as extern, resulting in a compiler error:

    ./include/linux/printk.h:219:5: error: static declaration of 'printk' follows non-static declaration
    219 | int printk(const char *s, ...)
	|     ^~~~~~
    ./arch/ia64/include/uapi/asm/cmpxchg.h:142:14: note: previous declaration of 'printk' was here
    142 |   extern int printk(const char *fmt, ...);  \
	|              ^~~~~~

Make CONFIG_IA64_DEBUG_CMPXCHG dependent on CONFIG_PRINTK to avoid this.

Signed-off-by: Chris Down <chris@chrisdown.name>
Reported-by: kernel test robot <lkp@intel.com>
Cc: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com>
Cc: Fenghua Yu <fenghua.yu@intel.com>
Cc: linux-ia64@vger.kernel.org
---
 arch/ia64/Kconfig.debug | 2 +-
 1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)

Comments

Chris Down Feb. 26, 2021, 12:47 p.m. UTC | #1
+ akpm, linux-mm

Hey folks,

Chris Down writes:
>With !CONFIG_PRINTK, printk() is static in the header, but ia64's
>cmpxchg.h with CONFIG_IA64_DEBUG_CMPXCHG doesn't take this into account
>before trying to use it as extern, resulting in a compiler error:
>
>    ./include/linux/printk.h:219:5: error: static declaration of 'printk' follows non-static declaration
>    219 | int printk(const char *s, ...)
>	|     ^~~~~~
>    ./arch/ia64/include/uapi/asm/cmpxchg.h:142:14: note: previous declaration of 'printk' was here
>    142 |   extern int printk(const char *fmt, ...);  \
>	|              ^~~~~~
>
>Make CONFIG_IA64_DEBUG_CMPXCHG dependent on CONFIG_PRINTK to avoid this.
>
>Signed-off-by: Chris Down <chris@chrisdown.name>
>Reported-by: kernel test robot <lkp@intel.com>
>Cc: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com>
>Cc: Fenghua Yu <fenghua.yu@intel.com>
>Cc: linux-ia64@vger.kernel.org

I now see that last month ia64 was marked as orphaned, so I'm going to send 
this over to Andrew/-mm.

Andrew, any chance you can take this in your tree? It's causing spurious LKP 
noise for some recent work on printk and would be great to have in -next.

Thanks,

Chris

>---
> arch/ia64/Kconfig.debug | 2 +-
> 1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)
>
>diff --git a/arch/ia64/Kconfig.debug b/arch/ia64/Kconfig.debug
>index 40ca23bd228d..2ce008e2d164 100644
>--- a/arch/ia64/Kconfig.debug
>+++ b/arch/ia64/Kconfig.debug
>@@ -39,7 +39,7 @@ config DISABLE_VHPT
>
> config IA64_DEBUG_CMPXCHG
> 	bool "Turn on compare-and-exchange bug checking (slow!)"
>-	depends on DEBUG_KERNEL
>+	depends on DEBUG_KERNEL && PRINTK
> 	help
> 	  Selecting this option turns on bug checking for the IA-64
> 	  compare-and-exchange instructions.  This is slow!  Itaniums
>-- 
>2.30.1
>
Matthew Wilcox Feb. 26, 2021, 1 p.m. UTC | #2
On Fri, Feb 26, 2021 at 12:47:58PM +0000, Chris Down wrote:
> >    ./include/linux/printk.h:219:5: error: static declaration of 'printk' follows non-static declaration
> >    219 | int printk(const char *s, ...)
> > 	|     ^~~~~~
> >    ./arch/ia64/include/uapi/asm/cmpxchg.h:142:14: note: previous declaration of 'printk' was here
> >    142 |   extern int printk(const char *fmt, ...);  \
> > 	|              ^~~~~~
> > 
> > Make CONFIG_IA64_DEBUG_CMPXCHG dependent on CONFIG_PRINTK to avoid this.

Why not just fix it?

diff --git a/arch/ia64/include/uapi/asm/cmpxchg.h b/arch/ia64/include/uapi/asm/cmpxchg.h
index 5d90307fd6e0..d955a8e3ebde 100644
--- a/arch/ia64/include/uapi/asm/cmpxchg.h
+++ b/arch/ia64/include/uapi/asm/cmpxchg.h
@@ -139,7 +139,7 @@ extern long ia64_cmpxchg_called_with_bad_pointer(void);
 do {									\
 	if (_cmpxchg_bugcheck_count-- <= 0) {				\
 		void *ip;						\
-		extern int printk(const char *fmt, ...);		\
+		int printk(const char *fmt, ...);			\
 		ip = (void *) ia64_getreg(_IA64_REG_IP);		\
 		printk("CMPXCHG_BUGCHECK: stuck at %p on word %p\n", ip, (v));\
 		break;							\
Chris Down Feb. 26, 2021, 1:14 p.m. UTC | #3
Matthew Wilcox writes:
>Why not just fix it?
>
>diff --git a/arch/ia64/include/uapi/asm/cmpxchg.h b/arch/ia64/include/uapi/asm/cmpxchg.h
>index 5d90307fd6e0..d955a8e3ebde 100644
>--- a/arch/ia64/include/uapi/asm/cmpxchg.h
>+++ b/arch/ia64/include/uapi/asm/cmpxchg.h
>@@ -139,7 +139,7 @@ extern long ia64_cmpxchg_called_with_bad_pointer(void);
> do {									\
> 	if (_cmpxchg_bugcheck_count-- <= 0) {				\
> 		void *ip;						\
>-		extern int printk(const char *fmt, ...);		\
>+		int printk(const char *fmt, ...);			\
> 		ip = (void *) ia64_getreg(_IA64_REG_IP);		\
> 		printk("CMPXCHG_BUGCHECK: stuck at %p on word %p\n", ip, (v));\
> 		break;							\

I must confess I have no idea of the history of why it was `extern int` in the 
first place -- my fear was somehow we use cmpxchg.h from a different context.  
Do you have any idea? :-)
Chris Down Feb. 26, 2021, 1:47 p.m. UTC | #4
Chris Down writes:
>I must confess I have no idea of the history of why it was `extern 
>int` in the first place -- my fear was somehow we use cmpxchg.h from a 
>different context.  Do you have any idea? :-)

Ok, found where it's introduced in the pre-git archives: "New file 
asm-ia64/intrinsics.h." from David Mosberger <davidm@tiger.hpl.hp.com>, Dec 9 
2002. No indication why it's extern, but it's been there since the dawn of 
ia64.
Matthew Wilcox Feb. 26, 2021, 1:50 p.m. UTC | #5
On Fri, Feb 26, 2021 at 01:47:20PM +0000, Chris Down wrote:
> Chris Down writes:
> > I must confess I have no idea of the history of why it was `extern int`
> > in the first place -- my fear was somehow we use cmpxchg.h from a
> > different context.  Do you have any idea? :-)
> 
> Ok, found where it's introduced in the pre-git archives: "New file
> asm-ia64/intrinsics.h." from David Mosberger <davidm@tiger.hpl.hp.com>, Dec
> 9 2002. No indication why it's extern, but it's been there since the dawn of
> ia64.

It's just a quirk of C.  'extern' is only meaningful when applied to
variables.  In the context of functions,

extern int printk(char *fmt);
int printk(char *fmt);

are completely equivalent.  Unless (as you've seen) there's then a
static definition following the extern declaration.

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/arch/ia64/Kconfig.debug b/arch/ia64/Kconfig.debug
index 40ca23bd228d..2ce008e2d164 100644
--- a/arch/ia64/Kconfig.debug
+++ b/arch/ia64/Kconfig.debug
@@ -39,7 +39,7 @@  config DISABLE_VHPT
 
 config IA64_DEBUG_CMPXCHG
 	bool "Turn on compare-and-exchange bug checking (slow!)"
-	depends on DEBUG_KERNEL
+	depends on DEBUG_KERNEL && PRINTK
 	help
 	  Selecting this option turns on bug checking for the IA-64
 	  compare-and-exchange instructions.  This is slow!  Itaniums