[v2] psi: Optimize task switch inside shared cgroups
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Message ID 20210217054803.77890-1-zhouchengming@bytedance.com
State Accepted
Commit 4117cebf1a9fcbf35b9aabf0e37b6c5eea296798
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  • [v2] psi: Optimize task switch inside shared cgroups
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Commit Message

Chengming Zhou Feb. 17, 2021, 5:48 a.m. UTC
The commit 36b238d57172 ("psi: Optimize switching tasks inside shared
cgroups") only update cgroups whose state actually changes during a
task switch only in task preempt case, not in task sleep case.

We actually don't need to clear and set TSK_ONCPU state for common cgroups
of next and prev task in sleep case, that can save many psi_group_change
especially when most activity comes from one leaf cgroup.

sleep before:
psi_dequeue()
  while ((group = iterate_groups(prev)))  # all ancestors
    psi_group_change(prev, .clear=TSK_RUNNING|TSK_ONCPU)
psi_task_switch()
  while ((group = iterate_groups(next)))  # all ancestors
    psi_group_change(next, .set=TSK_ONCPU)

sleep after:
psi_dequeue()
  nop
psi_task_switch()
  while ((group = iterate_groups(next)))  # until (prev & next)
    psi_group_change(next, .set=TSK_ONCPU)
  while ((group = iterate_groups(prev)))  # all ancestors
    psi_group_change(prev, .clear = common ? TSK_RUNNING : TSK_RUNNING|TSK_ONCPU)

When a voluntary sleep switches to another task, we remove one call of
psi_group_change() for every common cgroup ancestor of the two tasks.

Updates since v1:
- Many improvements in the comments and code from Johannes.

Signed-off-by: Muchun Song <songmuchun@bytedance.com>
Signed-off-by: Chengming Zhou <zhouchengming@bytedance.com>
---
 kernel/sched/psi.c   | 35 +++++++++++++++++++++++++----------
 kernel/sched/stats.h | 28 ++++++++++++----------------
 2 files changed, 37 insertions(+), 26 deletions(-)

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/kernel/sched/psi.c b/kernel/sched/psi.c
index 0fe6ff6a6a15..548d405bae3e 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/psi.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/psi.c
@@ -840,20 +840,35 @@  void psi_task_switch(struct task_struct *prev, struct task_struct *next,
 		}
 	}
 
-	/*
-	 * If this is a voluntary sleep, dequeue will have taken care
-	 * of the outgoing TSK_ONCPU alongside TSK_RUNNING already. We
-	 * only need to deal with it during preemption.
-	 */
-	if (sleep)
-		return;
-
 	if (prev->pid) {
-		psi_flags_change(prev, TSK_ONCPU, 0);
+		int clear = TSK_ONCPU, set = 0;
+
+		/*
+		 * When we're going to sleep, psi_dequeue() lets us handle
+		 * TSK_RUNNING and TSK_IOWAIT here, where we can combine it
+		 * with TSK_ONCPU and save walking common ancestors twice.
+		 */
+		if (sleep) {
+			clear |= TSK_RUNNING;
+			if (prev->in_iowait)
+				set |= TSK_IOWAIT;
+		}
+
+		psi_flags_change(prev, clear, set);
 
 		iter = NULL;
 		while ((group = iterate_groups(prev, &iter)) && group != common)
-			psi_group_change(group, cpu, TSK_ONCPU, 0, true);
+			psi_group_change(group, cpu, clear, set, true);
+
+		/*
+		 * TSK_ONCPU is handled up to the common ancestor. If we're tasked
+		 * with dequeuing too, finish that for the rest of the hierarchy.
+		 */
+		if (sleep) {
+			clear &= ~TSK_ONCPU;
+			for (; group; group = iterate_groups(prev, &iter))
+				psi_group_change(group, cpu, clear, set, true);
+		}
 	}
 }
 
diff --git a/kernel/sched/stats.h b/kernel/sched/stats.h
index 9e4e67a94731..dc218e9f4558 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/stats.h
+++ b/kernel/sched/stats.h
@@ -84,28 +84,24 @@  static inline void psi_enqueue(struct task_struct *p, bool wakeup)
 
 static inline void psi_dequeue(struct task_struct *p, bool sleep)
 {
-	int clear = TSK_RUNNING, set = 0;
+	int clear = TSK_RUNNING;
 
 	if (static_branch_likely(&psi_disabled))
 		return;
 
-	if (!sleep) {
-		if (p->in_memstall)
-			clear |= TSK_MEMSTALL;
-	} else {
-		/*
-		 * When a task sleeps, schedule() dequeues it before
-		 * switching to the next one. Merge the clearing of
-		 * TSK_RUNNING and TSK_ONCPU to save an unnecessary
-		 * psi_task_change() call in psi_sched_switch().
-		 */
-		clear |= TSK_ONCPU;
+	/*
+	 * A voluntary sleep is a dequeue followed by a task switch. To
+	 * avoid walking all ancestors twice, psi_task_switch() handles
+	 * TSK_RUNNING and TSK_IOWAIT for us when it moves TSK_ONCPU.
+	 * Do nothing here.
+	 */
+	if (sleep)
+		return;
 
-		if (p->in_iowait)
-			set |= TSK_IOWAIT;
-	}
+	if (p->in_memstall)
+		clear |= TSK_MEMSTALL;
 
-	psi_task_change(p, clear, set);
+	psi_task_change(p, clear, 0);
 }
 
 static inline void psi_ttwu_dequeue(struct task_struct *p)