[4.9,04/41] futex: Futex_unlock_pi() determinism
diff mbox series

Message ID 20210305120851.486188046@linuxfoundation.org
State New, archived
Headers show
  • Untitled series #487863
Related show

Commit Message

Greg KH March 5, 2021, 12:22 p.m. UTC
From: Ben Hutchings <ben@decadent.org.uk>

From: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>

commit bebe5b514345f09be2c15e414d076b02ecb9cce8 upstream.

The problem with returning -EAGAIN when the waiter state mismatches is that
it becomes very hard to proof a bounded execution time on the
operation. And seeing that this is a RT operation, this is somewhat

While in practise; given the previous patch; it will be very unlikely to
ever really take more than one or two rounds, proving so becomes rather

However, now that modifying wait_list is done while holding both hb->lock
and wait_lock, the scenario can be avoided entirely by acquiring wait_lock
while still holding hb-lock. Doing a hand-over, without leaving a hole.

Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: juri.lelli@arm.com
Cc: bigeasy@linutronix.de
Cc: xlpang@redhat.com
Cc: rostedt@goodmis.org
Cc: mathieu.desnoyers@efficios.com
Cc: jdesfossez@efficios.com
Cc: dvhart@infradead.org
Cc: bristot@redhat.com
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170322104152.112378812@infradead.org
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Ben Hutchings <ben@decadent.org.uk>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
 kernel/futex.c |   24 +++++++++++-------------
 1 file changed, 11 insertions(+), 13 deletions(-)

diff mbox series

--- a/kernel/futex.c
+++ b/kernel/futex.c
@@ -1555,15 +1555,10 @@  static int wake_futex_pi(u32 __user *uad
 	int ret = 0;
-	raw_spin_lock_irq(&pi_state->pi_mutex.wait_lock);
 	new_owner = rt_mutex_next_owner(&pi_state->pi_mutex);
-	if (!new_owner) {
+	if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!new_owner)) {
-		 * Since we held neither hb->lock nor wait_lock when coming
-		 * into this function, we could have raced with futex_lock_pi()
-		 * such that we might observe @this futex_q waiter, but the
-		 * rt_mutex's wait_list can be empty (either still, or again,
-		 * depending on which side we land).
+		 * As per the comment in futex_unlock_pi() this should not happen.
 		 * When this happens, give up our locks and try again, giving
 		 * the futex_lock_pi() instance time to complete, either by
@@ -3018,15 +3013,18 @@  retry:
 		if (pi_state->owner != current)
 			goto out_unlock;
+		get_pi_state(pi_state);
-		 * Grab a reference on the pi_state and drop hb->lock.
+		 * Since modifying the wait_list is done while holding both
+		 * hb->lock and wait_lock, holding either is sufficient to
+		 * observe it.
-		 * The reference ensures pi_state lives, dropping the hb->lock
-		 * is tricky.. wake_futex_pi() will take rt_mutex::wait_lock to
-		 * close the races against futex_lock_pi(), but in case of
-		 * _any_ fail we'll abort and retry the whole deal.
+		 * By taking wait_lock while still holding hb->lock, we ensure
+		 * there is no point where we hold neither; and therefore
+		 * wake_futex_pi() must observe a state consistent with what we
+		 * observed.
-		get_pi_state(pi_state);
+		raw_spin_lock_irq(&pi_state->pi_mutex.wait_lock);
 		ret = wake_futex_pi(uaddr, uval, pi_state);