[v2,01/10] cifsd: add document
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Message ID 20210422002824.12677-2-namjae.jeon@samsung.com
State New
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Series
  • cifsd: introduce new SMB3 kernel server
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Commit Message

Namjae Jeon April 22, 2021, 12:28 a.m. UTC
This adds a document describing ksmbd design, key features and usage.

Signed-off-by: Namjae Jeon <namjae.jeon@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Sergey Senozhatsky <sergey.senozhatsky@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Hyunchul Lee <hyc.lee@gmail.com>
Acked-by: Ronnie Sahlberg <lsahlber@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Steve French <stfrench@microsoft.com>
---
 Documentation/filesystems/cifs/cifsd.rst | 152 +++++++++++++++++++++++
 Documentation/filesystems/cifs/index.rst |  10 ++
 Documentation/filesystems/index.rst      |   2 +-
 3 files changed, 163 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
 create mode 100644 Documentation/filesystems/cifs/cifsd.rst
 create mode 100644 Documentation/filesystems/cifs/index.rst

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/Documentation/filesystems/cifs/cifsd.rst b/Documentation/filesystems/cifs/cifsd.rst
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..cb9f87b8529f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/filesystems/cifs/cifsd.rst
@@ -0,0 +1,152 @@ 
+.. SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+
+==========================
+CIFSD - SMB3 Kernel Server
+==========================
+
+CIFSD is a linux kernel server which implements SMB3 protocol in kernel space
+for sharing files over network.
+
+CIFSD architecture
+==================
+
+The subset of performance related operations belong in kernelspace and
+the other subset which belong to operations which are not really related with
+performance in userspace. So, DCE/RPC management that has historically resulted
+into number of buffer overflow issues and dangerous security bugs and user
+account management are implemented in user space as ksmbd.mountd.
+File operations that are related with performance (open/read/write/close etc.)
+in kernel space (ksmbd). This also allows for easier integration with VFS
+interface for all file operations.
+
+ksmbd (kernel daemon)
+---------------------
+
+When the server daemon is started, It starts up a forker thread
+(ksmbd/interface name) at initialization time and open a dedicated port 445
+for listening to SMB requests. Whenever new clients make request, Forker
+thread will accept the client connection and fork a new thread for dedicated
+communication channel between the client and the server. It allows for parallel
+processing of SMB requests(commands) from clients as well as allowing for new
+clients to make new connections. Each instance is named ksmbd/1~n(port number)
+to indicate connected clients. Depending on the SMB request types, each new
+thread can decide to pass through the commands to the user space (ksmbd.mountd),
+currently DCE/RPC commands are identified to be handled through the user space.
+To further utilize the linux kernel, it has been chosen to process the commands
+as workitems and to be executed in the handlers of the ksmbd-io kworker threads.
+It allows for multiplexing of the handlers as the kernel take care of initiating
+extra worker threads if the load is increased and vice versa, if the load is
+decreased it destroys the extra worker threads. So, after connection is
+established with client. Dedicated ksmbd/1..n(port number) takes complete
+ownership of receiving/parsing of SMB commands. Each received command is worked
+in parallel i.e., There can be multiple clients commands which are worked in
+parallel. After receiving each command a separated kernel workitem is prepared
+for each command which is further queued to be handled by ksmbd-io kworkers.
+So, each SMB workitem is queued to the kworkers. This allows the benefit of load
+sharing to be managed optimally by the default kernel and optimizing client
+performance by handling client commands in parallel.
+
+ksmbd.mountd (user space daemon)
+--------------------------------
+
+ksmbd.mountd is userspace process to, transfer user account and password that
+are registered using ksmbd.adduser(part of utils for user space). Further it
+allows sharing information parameters that parsed from smb.conf to ksmbd in
+kernel. For the execution part it has a daemon which is continuously running
+and connected to the kernel interface using netlink socket, it waits for the
+requests(dcerpc and share/user info). It handles RPC calls (at a minimum few
+dozen) that are most important for file server from NetShareEnum and
+NetServerGetInfo. Complete DCE/RPC response is prepared from the user space
+and passed over to the associated kernel thread for the client.
+
+
+CIFSD Feature Status
+====================
+
+============================== =================================================
+Feature name                   Status
+============================== =================================================
+Dialects                       Supported. SMB2.1 SMB3.0, SMB3.1.1 dialects
+                               excluding security vulnerable SMB1.
+Auto Negotiation               Supported.
+Compound Request               Supported.
+Oplock Cache Mechanism         Supported.
+SMB2 leases(v1 lease)          Supported.
+Directory leases(v2 lease)     Planned for future.
+Multi-credits                  Supported.
+NTLM/NTLMv2                    Supported.
+HMAC-SHA256 Signing            Supported.
+Secure negotiate               Supported.
+Signing Update                 Supported.
+Pre-authentication integrity   Supported.
+SMB3 encryption(CCM, GCM)      Supported.
+SMB direct(RDMA)               Partial Supported. SMB3 Multi-channel is required
+                               to connect to Windows client.
+SMB3 Multi-channel             In Progress.
+SMB3.1.1 POSIX extension       Supported.
+ACLs                           Partial Supported. only DACLs available, SACLs is
+                               planned for future. ksmbd generate random subauth
+                               values(then store it to disk) and use uid/gid
+                               get from inode as RID for local domain SID.
+                               The current acl implementation is limited to
+                               standalone server, not a domain member.
+Kerberos                       Supported.
+Durable handle v1,v2           Planned for future.
+Persistent handle              Planned for future.
+SMB2 notify                    Planned for future.
+Sparse file support            Supported.
+DCE/RPC support                Partial Supported. a few calls(NetShareEnumAll,
+                               NetServerGetInfo, SAMR, LSARPC) that needed as
+                               file server via netlink interface from
+                               ksmbd.mountd.
+============================== =================================================
+
+
+How to run
+==========
+
+1. Download ksmbd-tools and compile them.
+	- https://github.com/cifsd-team/ksmbd-tools
+
+2. Create user/password for SMB share.
+
+	# mkdir /etc/ksmbd/
+	# ksmbd.adduser -a <Enter USERNAME for SMB share access>
+
+3. Create /etc/ksmbd/smb.conf file, add SMB share in smb.conf file
+	- Refer smb.conf.example and
+          https://github.com/cifsd-team/ksmbd-tools/blob/master/Documentation/configuration.txt
+
+4. Insert ksmbd.ko module
+
+	# insmod ksmbd.ko
+
+5. Start ksmbd user space daemon
+	# ksmbd.mountd
+
+6. Access share from Windows or Linux using CIFS
+
+Shutdown CIFSD
+==============
+
+1. kill user and kernel space daemon
+	# sudo ksmbd.control -s
+
+How to turn debug print on
+==========================
+
+Each layer
+/sys/class/ksmbd-control/debug
+
+1. Enable all component prints
+	# sudo ksmbd.control -d "all"
+
+2. Enable one of components(smb, auth, vfs, oplock, ipc, conn, rdma)
+	# sudo ksmbd.control -d "smb"
+
+3. Show what prints are enable.
+	# cat/sys/class/ksmbd-control/debug
+	  [smb] auth vfs oplock ipc conn [rdma]
+
+4. Disable prints:
+	If you try the selected component once more, It is disabled without brackets.
diff --git a/Documentation/filesystems/cifs/index.rst b/Documentation/filesystems/cifs/index.rst
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..e762586b5dc7
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/filesystems/cifs/index.rst
@@ -0,0 +1,10 @@ 
+===============================
+CIFS
+===============================
+
+
+.. toctree::
+   :maxdepth: 1
+
+   cifsd
+   cifsroot
diff --git a/Documentation/filesystems/index.rst b/Documentation/filesystems/index.rst
index 1f76b1cb3348..085702b5dbba 100644
--- a/Documentation/filesystems/index.rst
+++ b/Documentation/filesystems/index.rst
@@ -71,7 +71,7 @@  Documentation for filesystem implementations.
    befs
    bfs
    btrfs
-   cifs/cifsroot
+   cifs/index
    ceph
    coda
    configfs