[tip:,sched/core] kthread: Fix PF_KTHREAD vs to_kthread() race
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Message ID 161907696168.29796.14152815065521259837.tip-bot2@tip-bot2
State Accepted
Commit 3a7956e25e1d7b3c148569e78895e1f3178122a9
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  • [tip:,sched/core] kthread: Fix PF_KTHREAD vs to_kthread() race
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Commit Message

tip-bot2 for Joerg Roedel April 22, 2021, 7:36 a.m. UTC
The following commit has been merged into the sched/core branch of tip:

Commit-ID:     3a7956e25e1d7b3c148569e78895e1f3178122a9
Gitweb:        https://git.kernel.org/tip/3a7956e25e1d7b3c148569e78895e1f3178122a9
Author:        Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
AuthorDate:    Tue, 20 Apr 2021 10:18:17 +02:00
Committer:     Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
CommitterDate: Wed, 21 Apr 2021 13:55:42 +02:00

kthread: Fix PF_KTHREAD vs to_kthread() race

The kthread_is_per_cpu() construct relies on only being called on
PF_KTHREAD tasks (per the WARN in to_kthread). This gives rise to the
following usage pattern:

	if ((p->flags & PF_KTHREAD) && kthread_is_per_cpu(p))

However, as reported by syzcaller, this is broken. The scenario is:

	CPU0				CPU1 (running p)

	(p->flags & PF_KTHREAD) // true

					begin_new_exec()
					  me->flags &= ~(PF_KTHREAD|...);
	kthread_is_per_cpu(p)
	  to_kthread(p)
	    WARN(!(p->flags & PF_KTHREAD) <-- *SPLAT*

Introduce __to_kthread() that omits the WARN and is sure to check both
values.

Use this to remove the problematic pattern for kthread_is_per_cpu()
and fix a number of other kthread_*() functions that have similar
issues but are currently not used in ways that would expose the
problem.

Notably kthread_func() is only ever called on 'current', while
kthread_probe_data() is only used for PF_WQ_WORKER, which implies the
task is from kthread_create*().

Fixes: ac687e6e8c26 ("kthread: Extract KTHREAD_IS_PER_CPU")
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Reviewed-by: Valentin Schneider <Valentin.Schneider@arm.com>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/YH6WJc825C4P0FCK@hirez.programming.kicks-ass.net
---
 kernel/kthread.c    | 33 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++------
 kernel/sched/core.c |  2 +-
 kernel/sched/fair.c |  2 +-
 3 files changed, 29 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)

Patch
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diff --git a/kernel/kthread.c b/kernel/kthread.c
index 1578973..6d3c488 100644
--- a/kernel/kthread.c
+++ b/kernel/kthread.c
@@ -84,6 +84,25 @@  static inline struct kthread *to_kthread(struct task_struct *k)
 	return (__force void *)k->set_child_tid;
 }
 
+/*
+ * Variant of to_kthread() that doesn't assume @p is a kthread.
+ *
+ * Per construction; when:
+ *
+ *   (p->flags & PF_KTHREAD) && p->set_child_tid
+ *
+ * the task is both a kthread and struct kthread is persistent. However
+ * PF_KTHREAD on it's own is not, kernel_thread() can exec() (See umh.c and
+ * begin_new_exec()).
+ */
+static inline struct kthread *__to_kthread(struct task_struct *p)
+{
+	void *kthread = (__force void *)p->set_child_tid;
+	if (kthread && !(p->flags & PF_KTHREAD))
+		kthread = NULL;
+	return kthread;
+}
+
 void free_kthread_struct(struct task_struct *k)
 {
 	struct kthread *kthread;
@@ -168,8 +187,9 @@  EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kthread_freezable_should_stop);
  */
 void *kthread_func(struct task_struct *task)
 {
-	if (task->flags & PF_KTHREAD)
-		return to_kthread(task)->threadfn;
+	struct kthread *kthread = __to_kthread(task);
+	if (kthread)
+		return kthread->threadfn;
 	return NULL;
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kthread_func);
@@ -199,10 +219,11 @@  EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kthread_data);
  */
 void *kthread_probe_data(struct task_struct *task)
 {
-	struct kthread *kthread = to_kthread(task);
+	struct kthread *kthread = __to_kthread(task);
 	void *data = NULL;
 
-	copy_from_kernel_nofault(&data, &kthread->data, sizeof(data));
+	if (kthread)
+		copy_from_kernel_nofault(&data, &kthread->data, sizeof(data));
 	return data;
 }
 
@@ -514,9 +535,9 @@  void kthread_set_per_cpu(struct task_struct *k, int cpu)
 	set_bit(KTHREAD_IS_PER_CPU, &kthread->flags);
 }
 
-bool kthread_is_per_cpu(struct task_struct *k)
+bool kthread_is_per_cpu(struct task_struct *p)
 {
-	struct kthread *kthread = to_kthread(k);
+	struct kthread *kthread = __to_kthread(p);
 	if (!kthread)
 		return false;
 
diff --git a/kernel/sched/core.c b/kernel/sched/core.c
index fcb35ae..4a0668a 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/core.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/core.c
@@ -7667,7 +7667,7 @@  static void balance_push(struct rq *rq)
 	 * histerical raisins.
 	 */
 	if (rq->idle == push_task ||
-	    ((push_task->flags & PF_KTHREAD) && kthread_is_per_cpu(push_task)) ||
+	    kthread_is_per_cpu(push_task) ||
 	    is_migration_disabled(push_task)) {
 
 		/*
diff --git a/kernel/sched/fair.c b/kernel/sched/fair.c
index 7ea3b93..1d75af1 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/fair.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/fair.c
@@ -7612,7 +7612,7 @@  int can_migrate_task(struct task_struct *p, struct lb_env *env)
 		return 0;
 
 	/* Disregard pcpu kthreads; they are where they need to be. */
-	if ((p->flags & PF_KTHREAD) && kthread_is_per_cpu(p))
+	if (kthread_is_per_cpu(p))
 		return 0;
 
 	if (!cpumask_test_cpu(env->dst_cpu, p->cpus_ptr)) {