[01/42] PCI: aardvark: Fix kernel panic during PIO transfer
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Message ID 20210506153153.30454-2-pali@kernel.org
State New, archived
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Series
  • PCI: aardvark: Various driver fixes
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Commit Message

Pali Rohár May 6, 2021, 3:31 p.m. UTC
Trying to start a new PIO transfer by writing value 0 in PIO_START register
when previous transfer has not yet completed (which is indicated by value 1
in PIO_START) causes an External Abort on CPU, which results in kernel
panic:

    SError Interrupt on CPU0, code 0xbf000002 -- SError
    Kernel panic - not syncing: Asynchronous SError Interrupt

To prevent kernel panic, it is required to reject a new PIO transfer when
previous one has not finished yet.

If previous PIO transfer is not finished yet, the kernel may issue a new
PIO request only if the previous PIO transfer timed out.

In the past the root cause of this issue was incorrectly identified (as it
often happens during link retraining or after link down event) and special
hack was implemented in Trusted Firmware to catch all SError events in EL3,
to ignore errors with code 0xbf000002 and not forwarding any other errors
to kernel and instead throw panic from EL3 Trusted Firmware handler.

Links to discussion and patches about this issue:
https://git.trustedfirmware.org/TF-A/trusted-firmware-a.git/commit/?id=3c7dcdac5c50
https://lore.kernel.org/linux-pci/20190316161243.29517-1-repk@triplefau.lt/
https://lore.kernel.org/linux-pci/971be151d24312cc533989a64bd454b4@www.loen.fr/
https://review.trustedfirmware.org/c/TF-A/trusted-firmware-a/+/1541

But the real cause was the fact that during link retraning or after link
down event the PIO transfer may take longer time, up to the 1.44s until it
times out. This increased probability that a new PIO transfer would be
issued by kernel while previous one has not finished yet.

After applying this change into the kernel, it is possible to revert the
mentioned TF-A hack and SError events do not have to be caught in TF-A EL3.

Signed-off-by: Pali Rohár <pali@kernel.org>
Reviewed-by: Marek Behún <kabel@kernel.org>
Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org # 7fbcb5da811b ("PCI: aardvark: Don't rely on jiffies while holding spinlock")
---
 drivers/pci/controller/pci-aardvark.c | 49 ++++++++++++++++++++++-----
 1 file changed, 40 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)

Comments

Pali Rohár May 19, 2021, 8:06 a.m. UTC | #1
On Thursday 06 May 2021 17:31:12 Pali Rohár wrote:
> Trying to start a new PIO transfer by writing value 0 in PIO_START register
> when previous transfer has not yet completed (which is indicated by value 1
> in PIO_START) causes an External Abort on CPU, which results in kernel
> panic:
> 
>     SError Interrupt on CPU0, code 0xbf000002 -- SError
>     Kernel panic - not syncing: Asynchronous SError Interrupt
> 
> To prevent kernel panic, it is required to reject a new PIO transfer when
> previous one has not finished yet.
> 
> If previous PIO transfer is not finished yet, the kernel may issue a new
> PIO request only if the previous PIO transfer timed out.
> 
> In the past the root cause of this issue was incorrectly identified (as it
> often happens during link retraining or after link down event) and special
> hack was implemented in Trusted Firmware to catch all SError events in EL3,
> to ignore errors with code 0xbf000002 and not forwarding any other errors
> to kernel and instead throw panic from EL3 Trusted Firmware handler.
> 
> Links to discussion and patches about this issue:
> https://git.trustedfirmware.org/TF-A/trusted-firmware-a.git/commit/?id=3c7dcdac5c50
> https://lore.kernel.org/linux-pci/20190316161243.29517-1-repk@triplefau.lt/
> https://lore.kernel.org/linux-pci/971be151d24312cc533989a64bd454b4@www.loen.fr/
> https://review.trustedfirmware.org/c/TF-A/trusted-firmware-a/+/1541
> 
> But the real cause was the fact that during link retraning or after link
> down event the PIO transfer may take longer time, up to the 1.44s until it
> times out. This increased probability that a new PIO transfer would be
> issued by kernel while previous one has not finished yet.
> 
> After applying this change into the kernel, it is possible to revert the
> mentioned TF-A hack and SError events do not have to be caught in TF-A EL3.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Pali Rohár <pali@kernel.org>
> Reviewed-by: Marek Behún <kabel@kernel.org>
> Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org # 7fbcb5da811b ("PCI: aardvark: Don't rely on jiffies while holding spinlock")

Hello! Could you please review at least this patch? It is fixing kernel
panic and to prevent future kernel crashes I would really suggest to
merge this one patch into 5.13 queue.

> ---
>  drivers/pci/controller/pci-aardvark.c | 49 ++++++++++++++++++++++-----
>  1 file changed, 40 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/drivers/pci/controller/pci-aardvark.c b/drivers/pci/controller/pci-aardvark.c
> index 051b48bd7985..e3f5e7ab7606 100644
> --- a/drivers/pci/controller/pci-aardvark.c
> +++ b/drivers/pci/controller/pci-aardvark.c
> @@ -514,7 +514,7 @@ static int advk_pcie_wait_pio(struct advk_pcie *pcie)
>  		udelay(PIO_RETRY_DELAY);
>  	}
>  
> -	dev_err(dev, "config read/write timed out\n");
> +	dev_err(dev, "PIO read/write transfer time out\n");
>  	return -ETIMEDOUT;
>  }
>  
> @@ -657,6 +657,35 @@ static bool advk_pcie_valid_device(struct advk_pcie *pcie, struct pci_bus *bus,
>  	return true;
>  }
>  
> +static bool advk_pcie_pio_is_running(struct advk_pcie *pcie)
> +{
> +	struct device *dev = &pcie->pdev->dev;
> +
> +	/*
> +	 * Trying to start a new PIO transfer when previous has not completed
> +	 * cause External Abort on CPU which results in kernel panic:
> +	 *
> +	 *     SError Interrupt on CPU0, code 0xbf000002 -- SError
> +	 *     Kernel panic - not syncing: Asynchronous SError Interrupt
> +	 *
> +	 * Functions advk_pcie_rd_conf() and advk_pcie_wr_conf() are protected
> +	 * by raw_spin_lock_irqsave() at pci_lock_config() level to prevent
> +	 * concurrent calls at the same time. But because PIO transfer may take
> +	 * about 1.5s when link is down or card is disconnected, it means that
> +	 * advk_pcie_wait_pio() does not always have to wait for completion.
> +	 *
> +	 * Some versions of ARM Trusted Firmware handles this External Abort at
> +	 * EL3 level and mask it to prevent kernel panic. Relevant TF-A commit:
> +	 * https://git.trustedfirmware.org/TF-A/trusted-firmware-a.git/commit/?id=3c7dcdac5c50
> +	 */
> +	if (advk_readl(pcie, PIO_START)) {
> +		dev_err(dev, "Previous PIO read/write transfer is still running\n");
> +		return true;
> +	}
> +
> +	return false;
> +}
> +
>  static int advk_pcie_rd_conf(struct pci_bus *bus, u32 devfn,
>  			     int where, int size, u32 *val)
>  {
> @@ -673,9 +702,10 @@ static int advk_pcie_rd_conf(struct pci_bus *bus, u32 devfn,
>  		return pci_bridge_emul_conf_read(&pcie->bridge, where,
>  						 size, val);
>  
> -	/* Start PIO */
> -	advk_writel(pcie, 0, PIO_START);
> -	advk_writel(pcie, 1, PIO_ISR);
> +	if (advk_pcie_pio_is_running(pcie)) {
> +		*val = 0xffffffff;
> +		return PCIBIOS_SET_FAILED;
> +	}
>  
>  	/* Program the control register */
>  	reg = advk_readl(pcie, PIO_CTRL);
> @@ -694,7 +724,8 @@ static int advk_pcie_rd_conf(struct pci_bus *bus, u32 devfn,
>  	/* Program the data strobe */
>  	advk_writel(pcie, 0xf, PIO_WR_DATA_STRB);
>  
> -	/* Start the transfer */
> +	/* Clear PIO DONE ISR and start the transfer */
> +	advk_writel(pcie, 1, PIO_ISR);
>  	advk_writel(pcie, 1, PIO_START);
>  
>  	ret = advk_pcie_wait_pio(pcie);
> @@ -734,9 +765,8 @@ static int advk_pcie_wr_conf(struct pci_bus *bus, u32 devfn,
>  	if (where % size)
>  		return PCIBIOS_SET_FAILED;
>  
> -	/* Start PIO */
> -	advk_writel(pcie, 0, PIO_START);
> -	advk_writel(pcie, 1, PIO_ISR);
> +	if (advk_pcie_pio_is_running(pcie))
> +		return PCIBIOS_SET_FAILED;
>  
>  	/* Program the control register */
>  	reg = advk_readl(pcie, PIO_CTRL);
> @@ -763,7 +793,8 @@ static int advk_pcie_wr_conf(struct pci_bus *bus, u32 devfn,
>  	/* Program the data strobe */
>  	advk_writel(pcie, data_strobe, PIO_WR_DATA_STRB);
>  
> -	/* Start the transfer */
> +	/* Clear PIO DONE ISR and start the transfer */
> +	advk_writel(pcie, 1, PIO_ISR);
>  	advk_writel(pcie, 1, PIO_START);
>  
>  	ret = advk_pcie_wait_pio(pcie);
> -- 
> 2.20.1
>

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/drivers/pci/controller/pci-aardvark.c b/drivers/pci/controller/pci-aardvark.c
index 051b48bd7985..e3f5e7ab7606 100644
--- a/drivers/pci/controller/pci-aardvark.c
+++ b/drivers/pci/controller/pci-aardvark.c
@@ -514,7 +514,7 @@  static int advk_pcie_wait_pio(struct advk_pcie *pcie)
 		udelay(PIO_RETRY_DELAY);
 	}
 
-	dev_err(dev, "config read/write timed out\n");
+	dev_err(dev, "PIO read/write transfer time out\n");
 	return -ETIMEDOUT;
 }
 
@@ -657,6 +657,35 @@  static bool advk_pcie_valid_device(struct advk_pcie *pcie, struct pci_bus *bus,
 	return true;
 }
 
+static bool advk_pcie_pio_is_running(struct advk_pcie *pcie)
+{
+	struct device *dev = &pcie->pdev->dev;
+
+	/*
+	 * Trying to start a new PIO transfer when previous has not completed
+	 * cause External Abort on CPU which results in kernel panic:
+	 *
+	 *     SError Interrupt on CPU0, code 0xbf000002 -- SError
+	 *     Kernel panic - not syncing: Asynchronous SError Interrupt
+	 *
+	 * Functions advk_pcie_rd_conf() and advk_pcie_wr_conf() are protected
+	 * by raw_spin_lock_irqsave() at pci_lock_config() level to prevent
+	 * concurrent calls at the same time. But because PIO transfer may take
+	 * about 1.5s when link is down or card is disconnected, it means that
+	 * advk_pcie_wait_pio() does not always have to wait for completion.
+	 *
+	 * Some versions of ARM Trusted Firmware handles this External Abort at
+	 * EL3 level and mask it to prevent kernel panic. Relevant TF-A commit:
+	 * https://git.trustedfirmware.org/TF-A/trusted-firmware-a.git/commit/?id=3c7dcdac5c50
+	 */
+	if (advk_readl(pcie, PIO_START)) {
+		dev_err(dev, "Previous PIO read/write transfer is still running\n");
+		return true;
+	}
+
+	return false;
+}
+
 static int advk_pcie_rd_conf(struct pci_bus *bus, u32 devfn,
 			     int where, int size, u32 *val)
 {
@@ -673,9 +702,10 @@  static int advk_pcie_rd_conf(struct pci_bus *bus, u32 devfn,
 		return pci_bridge_emul_conf_read(&pcie->bridge, where,
 						 size, val);
 
-	/* Start PIO */
-	advk_writel(pcie, 0, PIO_START);
-	advk_writel(pcie, 1, PIO_ISR);
+	if (advk_pcie_pio_is_running(pcie)) {
+		*val = 0xffffffff;
+		return PCIBIOS_SET_FAILED;
+	}
 
 	/* Program the control register */
 	reg = advk_readl(pcie, PIO_CTRL);
@@ -694,7 +724,8 @@  static int advk_pcie_rd_conf(struct pci_bus *bus, u32 devfn,
 	/* Program the data strobe */
 	advk_writel(pcie, 0xf, PIO_WR_DATA_STRB);
 
-	/* Start the transfer */
+	/* Clear PIO DONE ISR and start the transfer */
+	advk_writel(pcie, 1, PIO_ISR);
 	advk_writel(pcie, 1, PIO_START);
 
 	ret = advk_pcie_wait_pio(pcie);
@@ -734,9 +765,8 @@  static int advk_pcie_wr_conf(struct pci_bus *bus, u32 devfn,
 	if (where % size)
 		return PCIBIOS_SET_FAILED;
 
-	/* Start PIO */
-	advk_writel(pcie, 0, PIO_START);
-	advk_writel(pcie, 1, PIO_ISR);
+	if (advk_pcie_pio_is_running(pcie))
+		return PCIBIOS_SET_FAILED;
 
 	/* Program the control register */
 	reg = advk_readl(pcie, PIO_CTRL);
@@ -763,7 +793,8 @@  static int advk_pcie_wr_conf(struct pci_bus *bus, u32 devfn,
 	/* Program the data strobe */
 	advk_writel(pcie, data_strobe, PIO_WR_DATA_STRB);
 
-	/* Start the transfer */
+	/* Clear PIO DONE ISR and start the transfer */
+	advk_writel(pcie, 1, PIO_ISR);
 	advk_writel(pcie, 1, PIO_START);
 
 	ret = advk_pcie_wait_pio(pcie);