[v4,2/5] kernfs: use VFS negative dentry caching
diff mbox series

Message ID 162077993656.14498.5798528570372749386.stgit@web.messagingengine.com
State New, archived
Headers show
Series
  • kernfs: proposed locking and concurrency improvement
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Commit Message

Ian Kent May 12, 2021, 12:38 a.m. UTC
If there are many lookups for non-existent paths these negative lookups
can lead to a lot of overhead during path walks.

The VFS allows dentries to be created as negative and hashed, and caches
them so they can be used to reduce the fairly high overhead alloc/free
cycle that occurs during these lookups.

Signed-off-by: Ian Kent <raven@themaw.net>
---
 fs/kernfs/dir.c |   55 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----------------------
 1 file changed, 33 insertions(+), 22 deletions(-)

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/fs/kernfs/dir.c b/fs/kernfs/dir.c
index 4c69e2af82dac..5151c712f06f5 100644
--- a/fs/kernfs/dir.c
+++ b/fs/kernfs/dir.c
@@ -1037,12 +1037,33 @@  static int kernfs_dop_revalidate(struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int flags)
 	if (flags & LOOKUP_RCU)
 		return -ECHILD;
 
-	/* Always perform fresh lookup for negatives */
-	if (d_really_is_negative(dentry))
-		goto out_bad_unlocked;
+	mutex_lock(&kernfs_mutex);
 
 	kn = kernfs_dentry_node(dentry);
-	mutex_lock(&kernfs_mutex);
+
+	/* Negative hashed dentry? */
+	if (!kn) {
+		struct kernfs_node *parent;
+
+		/* If the kernfs node can be found this is a stale negative
+		 * hashed dentry so it must be discarded and the lookup redone.
+		 */
+		parent = kernfs_dentry_node(dentry->d_parent);
+		if (parent) {
+			const void *ns = NULL;
+
+			if (kernfs_ns_enabled(parent))
+				ns = kernfs_info(dentry->d_sb)->ns;
+			kn = kernfs_find_ns(parent, dentry->d_name.name, ns);
+			if (kn)
+				goto out_bad;
+		}
+
+		/* The kernfs node doesn't exist, leave the dentry negative
+		 * and return success.
+		 */
+		goto out;
+	}
 
 	/* The kernfs node has been deactivated */
 	if (!kernfs_active_read(kn))
@@ -1060,12 +1081,11 @@  static int kernfs_dop_revalidate(struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int flags)
 	if (kn->parent && kernfs_ns_enabled(kn->parent) &&
 	    kernfs_info(dentry->d_sb)->ns != kn->ns)
 		goto out_bad;
-
+out:
 	mutex_unlock(&kernfs_mutex);
 	return 1;
 out_bad:
 	mutex_unlock(&kernfs_mutex);
-out_bad_unlocked:
 	return 0;
 }
 
@@ -1080,33 +1100,24 @@  static struct dentry *kernfs_iop_lookup(struct inode *dir,
 	struct dentry *ret;
 	struct kernfs_node *parent = dir->i_private;
 	struct kernfs_node *kn;
-	struct inode *inode;
+	struct inode *inode = NULL;
 	const void *ns = NULL;
 
 	mutex_lock(&kernfs_mutex);
-
 	if (kernfs_ns_enabled(parent))
 		ns = kernfs_info(dir->i_sb)->ns;
 
 	kn = kernfs_find_ns(parent, dentry->d_name.name, ns);
-
-	/* no such entry */
-	if (!kn || !kernfs_active(kn)) {
-		ret = NULL;
-		goto out_unlock;
-	}
-
 	/* attach dentry and inode */
-	inode = kernfs_get_inode(dir->i_sb, kn);
-	if (!inode) {
-		ret = ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
-		goto out_unlock;
+	if (kn && kernfs_active(kn)) {
+		inode = kernfs_get_inode(dir->i_sb, kn);
+		if (!inode)
+			inode = ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
 	}
-
-	/* instantiate and hash dentry */
+	/* instantiate and hash (possibly negative) dentry */
 	ret = d_splice_alias(inode, dentry);
- out_unlock:
 	mutex_unlock(&kernfs_mutex);
+
 	return ret;
 }