[v2,2/2] drivercore: deferral race condition fix
diff mbox series

Message ID 1397040727-2447-3-git-send-email-peter.ujfalusi@ti.com
State New, archived
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  • drivercore: deferral race condition fix
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Commit Message

Peter Ujfalusi April 9, 2014, 10:52 a.m. UTC
When the kernel is built with CONFIG_PREEMPT it is possible to reach a state
when all modules loaded but some driver still stuck in the deferred list
and there is a need for external event to kick the deferred queue to probe
these drivers.

The issue has been observed on embedded systems with CONFIG_PREEMPT enabled,
audio support built as modules and using nfsroot for root filesystem.

The following log fragment shows such sequence when all audio modules
were loaded but the sound card is not present since the machine driver has
failed to probe due to missing dependency during it's probe.
The board is am335x-evmsk (McASP<->tlv320aic3106 codec) with davinci-evm
machine driver:

[   12.615118] davinci-mcasp 4803c000.mcasp: davinci_mcasp_probe: ENTER
[   12.719969] davinci_evm sound.3: davinci_evm_probe: ENTER
[   12.725753] davinci_evm sound.3: davinci_evm_probe: snd_soc_register_card
[   12.753846] davinci-mcasp 4803c000.mcasp: davinci_mcasp_probe: snd_soc_register_component
[   12.922051] davinci-mcasp 4803c000.mcasp: davinci_mcasp_probe: snd_soc_register_component DONE
[   12.950839] davinci_evm sound.3: ASoC: platform (null) not registered
[   12.957898] davinci_evm sound.3: davinci_evm_probe: snd_soc_register_card DONE (-517)
[   13.099026] davinci-mcasp 4803c000.mcasp: Kicking the deferred list
[   13.177838] davinci-mcasp 4803c000.mcasp: really_probe: probe_count = 2
[   13.194130] davinci_evm sound.3: snd_soc_register_card failed (-517)
[   13.346755] davinci_mcasp_driver_init: LEAVE
[   13.377446] platform sound.3: Driver davinci_evm requests probe deferral
[   13.592527] platform sound.3: really_probe: probe_count = 0

In the log the machine driver enters it's probe at 12.719969 (this point it
has been removed from the deferred lists). McASP driver already executing
it's probing (since 12.615118).
The machine driver tries to construct the sound card (12.950839) but did
not found one of the components so it fails. After this McASP driver
registers all the ASoC components (the machine driver still in it's probe
function after it failed to construct the card) and the deferred work is
prepared at 13.099026 (note that this time the machine driver is not in the
lists so it is not going to be handled when the work is executing).
Lastly the machine driver exit from it's probe and the core places it to
the deferred list but there will be no other driver going to load and the
deferred queue is not going to be kicked again - till we have external event
like connecting USB stick, etc.

The proposed solution is to try the deferred queue once more when the last
driver is asking for deferring and we had drivers loaded while this last
driver was probing.

This way we can avoid drivers stuck in the deferred queue.

Signed-off-by: Peter Ujfalusi <peter.ujfalusi@ti.com>
 drivers/base/dd.c | 31 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
 1 file changed, 28 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff mbox series

diff --git a/drivers/base/dd.c b/drivers/base/dd.c
index 43d573b960ba..22252aebbd3e 100644
--- a/drivers/base/dd.c
+++ b/drivers/base/dd.c
@@ -53,6 +53,10 @@  static LIST_HEAD(deferred_probe_pending_list);
 static LIST_HEAD(deferred_probe_active_list);
 static struct workqueue_struct *deferred_wq;
+static atomic_t probe_count = ATOMIC_INIT(0);
+static DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD(probe_waitqueue);
+static bool deferred_auto_retry;
  * deferred_probe_work_func() - Retry probing devices in the active list.
@@ -127,6 +131,15 @@  static void driver_deferred_probe_trigger(void)
 	 * into the active list so they can be retried by the workqueue
+	/*
+	 * In case we have more than one device probing at the same time we do
+	 * not yet know if the other driver going to be deferred or not.
+	 * The flag 'deferred_auto_retry' will be used when the last driver asks
+	 * for deferral to trigger again the deferred list to check if it's
+	 * dependencies have been satisfied already.
+	 */
+	deferred_auto_retry = (atomic_read(&probe_count) > 1);
@@ -140,12 +153,27 @@  static void driver_deferred_probe_trigger(void)
 static void driver_deferred_probe_add(struct device *dev)
+	bool auto_trigger = false;
 	if (list_empty(&dev->p->deferred_probe)) {
 		dev_dbg(dev, "Added to deferred list\n");
 		list_add_tail(&dev->p->deferred_probe, &deferred_probe_pending_list);
+	/*
+	 * This is the last driver to load and asking to be deferred.
+	 * If other driver(s) loaded while this driver was loading, we
+	 * should try the deferred drivers (including this driver) again to
+	 * avoid missing dependency for this driver.
+	 */
+	if (atomic_read(&probe_count) == 1 && deferred_auto_retry)
+		auto_trigger = true;
+	if (auto_trigger)
+		driver_deferred_probe_trigger();
 void driver_deferred_probe_del(struct device *dev)
@@ -259,9 +287,6 @@  int device_bind_driver(struct device *dev)
-static atomic_t probe_count = ATOMIC_INIT(0);
-static DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD(probe_waitqueue);
 static int really_probe(struct device *dev, struct device_driver *drv)
 	int ret = 0;