[NBD] Fix TX/RX race condition
diff mbox series

Message ID 20051119033252.GA22163@gondor.apana.org.au
State New, archived
Headers show
Series
  • [NBD] Fix TX/RX race condition
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Commit Message

Herbert Xu Nov. 19, 2005, 3:32 a.m. UTC
Hi:

Janos Haar of First NetCenter Bt. reported numerous crashes involving
the NBD driver.  With his help, this was tracked down to bogus bio
vectors which in turn was the result of a race condition between the
receive/transmit routines in the NBD driver.

The bug manifests itself like this:

CPU0				CPU1
do_nbd_request
	add req to queuelist
	nbd_send_request
		send req head
		for each bio
			kmap
			send
				nbd_read_stat
					nbd_find_request
					nbd_end_request
			kunmap

When CPU1 finishes nbd_end_request, the request and all its associated
bio's are freed.  So when CPU0 calls kunmap whose argument is derived
from the last bio, it may crash.

Under normal circumstances, the race occurs only on the last bio.
However, if an error is encountered on the remote NBD server (such
as an incorrect magic number in the request), or if there were a bug
in the server, it is possible for the nbd_end_request to occur any
time after the request's addition to the queuelist.

The following patch fixes this problem by making sure that requests
are not added to the queuelist until after they have been completed
transmission.

In order for the receiving side to be ready for responses involving
requests still being transmitted, the patch introduces the concept of
the active request.

When a response matches the current active request, its processing is
delayed until after the tranmission has come to a stop.

This has been tested by Janos and it has been successful in curing
this race condition.

Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>

Cheers,

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/drivers/block/nbd.c b/drivers/block/nbd.c
--- a/drivers/block/nbd.c
+++ b/drivers/block/nbd.c
@@ -54,11 +54,15 @@ 
 #include <linux/errno.h>
 #include <linux/file.h>
 #include <linux/ioctl.h>
+#include <linux/compiler.h>
+#include <linux/err.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
 #include <net/sock.h>
 
 #include <linux/devfs_fs_kernel.h>
 
 #include <asm/uaccess.h>
+#include <asm/system.h>
 #include <asm/types.h>
 
 #include <linux/nbd.h>
@@ -230,14 +234,6 @@  static int nbd_send_req(struct nbd_devic
 	request.len = htonl(size);
 	memcpy(request.handle, &req, sizeof(req));
 
-	down(&lo->tx_lock);
-
-	if (!sock || !lo->sock) {
-		printk(KERN_ERR "%s: Attempted send on closed socket\n",
-				lo->disk->disk_name);
-		goto error_out;
-	}
-
 	dprintk(DBG_TX, "%s: request %p: sending control (%s@%llu,%luB)\n",
 			lo->disk->disk_name, req,
 			nbdcmd_to_ascii(nbd_cmd(req)),
@@ -276,11 +272,9 @@  static int nbd_send_req(struct nbd_devic
 			}
 		}
 	}
-	up(&lo->tx_lock);
 	return 0;
 
 error_out:
-	up(&lo->tx_lock);
 	return 1;
 }
 
@@ -289,9 +283,14 @@  static struct request *nbd_find_request(
 	struct request *req;
 	struct list_head *tmp;
 	struct request *xreq;
+	int err;
 
 	memcpy(&xreq, handle, sizeof(xreq));
 
+	err = wait_event_interruptible(lo->active_wq, lo->active_req != xreq);
+	if (unlikely(err))
+		goto out;
+
 	spin_lock(&lo->queue_lock);
 	list_for_each(tmp, &lo->queue_head) {
 		req = list_entry(tmp, struct request, queuelist);
@@ -302,7 +301,11 @@  static struct request *nbd_find_request(
 		return req;
 	}
 	spin_unlock(&lo->queue_lock);
-	return NULL;
+
+	err = -ENOENT;
+
+out:
+	return ERR_PTR(err);
 }
 
 static inline int sock_recv_bvec(struct socket *sock, struct bio_vec *bvec)
@@ -331,7 +334,11 @@  static struct request *nbd_read_stat(str
 		goto harderror;
 	}
 	req = nbd_find_request(lo, reply.handle);
-	if (req == NULL) {
+	if (unlikely(IS_ERR(req))) {
+		result = PTR_ERR(req);
+		if (result != -ENOENT)
+			goto harderror;
+
 		printk(KERN_ERR "%s: Unexpected reply (%p)\n",
 				lo->disk->disk_name, reply.handle);
 		result = -EBADR;
@@ -395,19 +402,21 @@  static void nbd_clear_que(struct nbd_dev
 
 	BUG_ON(lo->magic != LO_MAGIC);
 
-	do {
-		req = NULL;
-		spin_lock(&lo->queue_lock);
-		if (!list_empty(&lo->queue_head)) {
-			req = list_entry(lo->queue_head.next, struct request, queuelist);
-			list_del_init(&req->queuelist);
-		}
-		spin_unlock(&lo->queue_lock);
-		if (req) {
-			req->errors++;
-			nbd_end_request(req);
-		}
-	} while (req);
+	/*
+	 * lo->sock == NULL guarantees that the queue will not grow beyond the
+	 * current active request.
+	 */
+	BUG_ON(lo->sock);
+	wait_event(lo->active_wq, !lo->active_req);
+	smp_rmb();
+
+	while (!list_empty(&lo->queue_head)) {
+		req = list_entry(lo->queue_head.next, struct request,
+				 queuelist);
+		list_del_init(&req->queuelist);
+		req->errors++;
+		nbd_end_request(req);
+	}
 }
 
 /*
@@ -435,11 +444,6 @@  static void do_nbd_request(request_queue
 
 		BUG_ON(lo->magic != LO_MAGIC);
 
-		if (!lo->file) {
-			printk(KERN_ERR "%s: Request when not-ready\n",
-					lo->disk->disk_name);
-			goto error_out;
-		}
 		nbd_cmd(req) = NBD_CMD_READ;
 		if (rq_data_dir(req) == WRITE) {
 			nbd_cmd(req) = NBD_CMD_WRITE;
@@ -453,32 +457,34 @@  static void do_nbd_request(request_queue
 		req->errors = 0;
 		spin_unlock_irq(q->queue_lock);
 
-		spin_lock(&lo->queue_lock);
-
-		if (!lo->file) {
-			spin_unlock(&lo->queue_lock);
-			printk(KERN_ERR "%s: failed between accept and semaphore, file lost\n",
-					lo->disk->disk_name);
+		down(&lo->tx_lock);
+		if (unlikely(!lo->sock)) {
+			up(&lo->tx_lock);
+			printk(KERN_ERR "%s: Attempted send on closed socket\n",
+			       lo->disk->disk_name);
 			req->errors++;
 			nbd_end_request(req);
 			spin_lock_irq(q->queue_lock);
 			continue;
 		}
 
-		list_add(&req->queuelist, &lo->queue_head);
-		spin_unlock(&lo->queue_lock);
+		lo->active_req = req;
 
 		if (nbd_send_req(lo, req) != 0) {
 			printk(KERN_ERR "%s: Request send failed\n",
 					lo->disk->disk_name);
-			if (nbd_find_request(lo, (char *)&req) != NULL) {
-				/* we still own req */
-				req->errors++;
-				nbd_end_request(req);
-			} else /* we're racing with nbd_clear_que */
-				printk(KERN_DEBUG "nbd: can't find req\n");
+			req->errors++;
+			nbd_end_request(req);
+		} else {
+			spin_lock(&lo->queue_lock);
+			list_add(&req->queuelist, &lo->queue_head);
+			spin_unlock(&lo->queue_lock);
 		}
 
+		lo->active_req = NULL;
+		up(&lo->tx_lock);
+		wake_up_all(&lo->active_wq);
+
 		spin_lock_irq(q->queue_lock);
 		continue;
 
@@ -529,17 +535,10 @@  static int nbd_ioctl(struct inode *inode
 		down(&lo->tx_lock);
 		lo->sock = NULL;
 		up(&lo->tx_lock);
-		spin_lock(&lo->queue_lock);
 		file = lo->file;
 		lo->file = NULL;
-		spin_unlock(&lo->queue_lock);
 		nbd_clear_que(lo);
-		spin_lock(&lo->queue_lock);
-		if (!list_empty(&lo->queue_head)) {
-			printk(KERN_ERR "nbd: disconnect: some requests are in progress -> please try again.\n");
-			error = -EBUSY;
-		}
-		spin_unlock(&lo->queue_lock);
+		BUG_ON(!list_empty(&lo->queue_head));
 		if (file)
 			fput(file);
 		return error;
@@ -598,24 +597,19 @@  static int nbd_ioctl(struct inode *inode
 			lo->sock = NULL;
 		}
 		up(&lo->tx_lock);
-		spin_lock(&lo->queue_lock);
 		file = lo->file;
 		lo->file = NULL;
-		spin_unlock(&lo->queue_lock);
 		nbd_clear_que(lo);
 		printk(KERN_WARNING "%s: queue cleared\n", lo->disk->disk_name);
 		if (file)
 			fput(file);
 		return lo->harderror;
 	case NBD_CLEAR_QUE:
-		down(&lo->tx_lock);
-		if (lo->sock) {
-			up(&lo->tx_lock);
-			return 0; /* probably should be error, but that would
-				   * break "nbd-client -d", so just return 0 */
-		}
-		up(&lo->tx_lock);
-		nbd_clear_que(lo);
+		/*
+		 * This is for compatibility only.  The queue is always cleared
+		 * by NBD_DO_IT or NBD_CLEAR_SOCK.
+		 */
+		BUG_ON(!lo->sock && !list_empty(&lo->queue_head));
 		return 0;
 	case NBD_PRINT_DEBUG:
 		printk(KERN_INFO "%s: next = %p, prev = %p, head = %p\n",
@@ -688,6 +682,7 @@  static int __init nbd_init(void)
 		spin_lock_init(&nbd_dev[i].queue_lock);
 		INIT_LIST_HEAD(&nbd_dev[i].queue_head);
 		init_MUTEX(&nbd_dev[i].tx_lock);
+		init_waitqueue_head(&nbd_dev[i].active_wq);
 		nbd_dev[i].blksize = 1024;
 		nbd_dev[i].bytesize = 0x7ffffc00ULL << 10; /* 2TB */
 		disk->major = NBD_MAJOR;
diff --git a/include/linux/nbd.h b/include/linux/nbd.h
--- a/include/linux/nbd.h
+++ b/include/linux/nbd.h
@@ -37,18 +37,26 @@  enum {
 /* userspace doesn't need the nbd_device structure */
 #ifdef __KERNEL__
 
+#include <linux/wait.h>
+
 /* values for flags field */
 #define NBD_READ_ONLY 0x0001
 #define NBD_WRITE_NOCHK 0x0002
 
+struct request;
+
 struct nbd_device {
 	int flags;
 	int harderror;		/* Code of hard error			*/
 	struct socket * sock;
 	struct file * file; 	/* If == NULL, device is not ready, yet	*/
 	int magic;
+
 	spinlock_t queue_lock;
 	struct list_head queue_head;/* Requests are added here...	*/
+	struct request *active_req;
+	wait_queue_head_t active_wq;
+
 	struct semaphore tx_lock;
 	struct gendisk *disk;
 	int blksize;