[NEW,testers,needed] was Re: [PATCH] poll/select fast path

Message ID 20020619075811.A2799@averell
State New, archived
Headers show
Series
  • [NEW,testers,needed] was Re: [PATCH] poll/select fast path
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Commit Message

Andi Kleen June 19, 2002, 5:58 a.m. UTC
On Tue, Jun 18, 2002 at 10:06:21AM +0200, Andi Kleen wrote:
> This patch streamlines poll and select by adding fast paths for a 
> small number of descriptors passed. The majority of polls/selects
> seem to be of this nature. The main saving comes from not allocating
> two pages for wait queue and table, but from using stack allocation
> (upto 256bytes) when only a few descriptors are needed. This makes
> it as fast again as 2.0 and even a bit faster because the wait queue
> page allocation is avoided too (except when the drivers overflow it) 
> 
> select also skips a lot faster over big holes and avoids the separate
> pass of determining the max. number of descriptors in the bitmap.
> 
> a typical linux system saves a considerable amount of unswappable memory 
> with this patch, because it usually has 10+ daemons hanging around in poll or 
> select with each two pages allocated for data and wait queue.
> 
> Some other cleanups.

The last version of the patch unfortunately had some problems. Here is a 
new version that doesn't break the kde arts daemon and has some other 
cleanups.

Linus reports that it still breaks his bk pulls. For me it works fine
(I run it on my desktop) 
and I don't see anything wrong now so I would appreciate some wider review
and testing, especially with BK.

The patch should apply & works for me on 2.4 too, no need to use 2.5 to test it
(select/poll are virtually unchanged between 2.4 and 2.5) 

Thanks,
-Andi


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Patch

--- linux/fs/select.c	Mon Jun 17 06:25:40 2002
+++ linux-2.5.23-work/fs/select.c	Tue Jun 18 23:45:38 2002
@@ -12,6 +12,9 @@ 
  *  24 January 2000
  *     Changed sys_poll()/do_poll() to use PAGE_SIZE chunk-based allocation 
  *     of fds to overcome nfds < 16390 descriptors limit (Tigran Aivazian).
+ * 
+ *  Dec 2001
+ *     Stack allocation and fast path (Andi Kleen) 
  */
 
 #include <linux/slab.h>
@@ -26,21 +29,6 @@ 
 #define ROUND_UP(x,y) (((x)+(y)-1)/(y))
 #define DEFAULT_POLLMASK (POLLIN | POLLOUT | POLLRDNORM | POLLWRNORM)
 
-struct poll_table_entry {
-	struct file * filp;
-	wait_queue_t wait;
-	wait_queue_head_t * wait_address;
-};
-
-struct poll_table_page {
-	struct poll_table_page * next;
-	struct poll_table_entry * entry;
-	struct poll_table_entry entries[0];
-};
-
-#define POLL_TABLE_FULL(table) \
-	((unsigned long)((table)->entry+1) > PAGE_SIZE + (unsigned long)(table))
-
 /*
  * Ok, Peter made a complicated, but straightforward multiple_wait() function.
  * I have rewritten this, taking some shortcuts: This code may not be easy to
@@ -62,30 +50,39 @@ 
 		struct poll_table_page *old;
 
 		entry = p->entry;
-		do {
+		while (entry > p->entries) {
 			entry--;
 			remove_wait_queue(entry->wait_address,&entry->wait);
 			fput(entry->filp);
-		} while (entry > p->entries);
+		}
 		old = p;
 		p = p->next;
-		free_page((unsigned long) old);
+		if (old != &pt->inline_page) 
+			free_page((unsigned long) old);
 	}
 }
 
 void __pollwait(struct file * filp, wait_queue_head_t * wait_address, poll_table *p)
 {
 	struct poll_table_page *table = p->table;
+	struct poll_table_page *new_table = NULL;
+	int sz;
 
-	if (!table || POLL_TABLE_FULL(table)) {
-		struct poll_table_page *new_table;
-
-		new_table = (struct poll_table_page *) __get_free_page(GFP_KERNEL);
-		if (!new_table) {
-			p->error = -ENOMEM;
-			__set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING);
-			return;
+	if (!table) { 
+		new_table = &p->inline_page; 
+	} else { 
+		sz = (table == &p->inline_page) ? POLL_INLINE_TABLE_LEN : PAGE_SIZE; 
+		if ((char*)table->entry >= (char*)table + sz) {
+			new_table = (struct poll_table_page *)__get_free_page(GFP_KERNEL);
+			if (!new_table) {
+				p->error = -ENOMEM;
+				__set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING);
+				return;
+			}
 		}
+	} 
+
+	if (new_table) { 
 		new_table->entry = new_table->entries;
 		new_table->next = table;
 		p->table = new_table;
@@ -113,48 +110,6 @@ 
 
 #define BITS(fds, n)		(*__IN(fds, n)|*__OUT(fds, n)|*__EX(fds, n))
 
-static int max_select_fd(unsigned long n, fd_set_bits *fds)
-{
-	unsigned long *open_fds;
-	unsigned long set;
-	int max;
-
-	/* handle last in-complete long-word first */
-	set = ~(~0UL << (n & (__NFDBITS-1)));
-	n /= __NFDBITS;
-	open_fds = current->files->open_fds->fds_bits+n;
-	max = 0;
-	if (set) {
-		set &= BITS(fds, n);
-		if (set) {
-			if (!(set & ~*open_fds))
-				goto get_max;
-			return -EBADF;
-		}
-	}
-	while (n) {
-		open_fds--;
-		n--;
-		set = BITS(fds, n);
-		if (!set)
-			continue;
-		if (set & ~*open_fds)
-			return -EBADF;
-		if (max)
-			continue;
-get_max:
-		do {
-			max++;
-			set >>= 1;
-		} while (set);
-		max += n * __NFDBITS;
-	}
-
-	return max;
-}
-
-#define BIT(i)		(1UL << ((i)&(__NFDBITS-1)))
-#define MEM(i,m)	((m)+(unsigned)(i)/__NFDBITS)
 #define ISSET(i,m)	(((i)&*(m)) != 0)
 #define SET(i,m)	(*(m) |= (i))
 
@@ -165,56 +120,64 @@ 
 int do_select(int n, fd_set_bits *fds, long *timeout)
 {
 	poll_table table, *wait;
-	int retval, i, off;
+	int retval, off, maxoff;
 	long __timeout = *timeout;
 
- 	read_lock(&current->files->file_lock);
-	retval = max_select_fd(n, fds);
-	read_unlock(&current->files->file_lock);
-
-	if (retval < 0)
-		return retval;
-	n = retval;
-
 	poll_initwait(&table);
 	wait = &table;
 	if (!__timeout)
 		wait = NULL;
+	
 	retval = 0;
+	maxoff = (n+BITS_PER_LONG-1)/BITS_PER_LONG; 
 	for (;;) {
 		set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);
-		for (i = 0 ; i < n; i++) {
-			unsigned long bit = BIT(i);
-			unsigned long mask;
-			struct file *file;
-
-			off = i / __NFDBITS;
-			if (!(bit & BITS(fds, off)))
-				continue;
-			file = fget(i);
-			mask = POLLNVAL;
-			if (file) {
-				mask = DEFAULT_POLLMASK;
-				if (file->f_op && file->f_op->poll)
-					mask = file->f_op->poll(file, wait);
-				fput(file);
-			}
-			if ((mask & POLLIN_SET) && ISSET(bit, __IN(fds,off))) {
-				SET(bit, __RES_IN(fds,off));
-				retval++;
-				wait = NULL;
-			}
-			if ((mask & POLLOUT_SET) && ISSET(bit, __OUT(fds,off))) {
-				SET(bit, __RES_OUT(fds,off));
-				retval++;
-				wait = NULL;
-			}
-			if ((mask & POLLEX_SET) && ISSET(bit, __EX(fds,off))) {
-				SET(bit, __RES_EX(fds,off));
-				retval++;
-				wait = NULL;
+		for (off = 0; off <= maxoff; off++) { 
+			unsigned long val = BITS(fds, off); 
+
+			while (val) { 
+				int k = ffz(~val), index; 
+				unsigned long mask, bit;
+				struct file *file;
+
+				bit = (1UL << k); 
+				val &= ~bit; 
+
+				index = off*BITS_PER_LONG + k;
+				if (index >= n) 
+					break;
+
+				file = fget(index);
+				mask = POLLNVAL;
+				if (file) {
+					mask = DEFAULT_POLLMASK;
+					if (file->f_op && file->f_op->poll)
+						mask = file->f_op->poll(file, wait);
+					fput(file);
+				} else { 
+					/* This error will shadow all other results. 
+					 * This matches previous linux behaviour */
+					retval = -EBADF; 
+					goto out; 
+				} 
+				if ((mask & POLLIN_SET) && ISSET(bit, __IN(fds,off))) {
+					SET(bit, __RES_IN(fds,off));
+					retval++;
+					wait = NULL;
+				}
+				if ((mask& POLLOUT_SET) && ISSET(bit,__OUT(fds,off))) {
+					SET(bit, __RES_OUT(fds,off));
+					retval++;
+					wait = NULL;
+				}
+				if ((mask & POLLEX_SET) && ISSET(bit, __EX(fds,off))) {
+					SET(bit, __RES_EX(fds,off));
+					retval++;
+					wait = NULL;
+				}
 			}
 		}
+
 		wait = NULL;
 		if (retval || !__timeout || signal_pending(current))
 			break;
@@ -224,25 +187,35 @@ 
 		}
 		__timeout = schedule_timeout(__timeout);
 	}
+
+out:	
 	current->state = TASK_RUNNING;
 
 	poll_freewait(&table);
 
 	/*
-	 * Up-to-date the caller timeout.
+	 * Update the caller timeout.
 	 */
 	*timeout = __timeout;
 	return retval;
 }
 
-static void *select_bits_alloc(int size)
-{
-	return kmalloc(6 * size, GFP_KERNEL);
-}
+/*
+ * We do a VERIFY_WRITE here even though we are only reading this time:
+ * we'll write to it eventually..
+ */
 
-static void select_bits_free(void *bits, int size)
+static int get_fd_set(unsigned long nr, void *ufdset, unsigned long *fdset)
 {
-	kfree(bits);
+	unsigned long rounded = FDS_BYTES(nr), mask; 
+	if (ufdset) {
+		int error = verify_area(VERIFY_WRITE, ufdset, rounded);
+		if (!error && __copy_from_user(fdset, ufdset, rounded))
+			error = -EFAULT;
+		return error;
+	}
+	memset(fdset, 0, rounded);
+	return 0;
 }
 
 /*
@@ -263,6 +236,7 @@ 
 	char *bits;
 	long timeout;
 	int ret, size, max_fdset;
+	char stack_bits[FDS_BYTES(FAST_SELECT_MAX) * 6]; 
 
 	timeout = MAX_SCHEDULE_TIMEOUT;
 	if (tvp) {
@@ -297,11 +271,16 @@ 
 	 * since we used fdset we need to allocate memory in units of
 	 * long-words. 
 	 */
-	ret = -ENOMEM;
 	size = FDS_BYTES(n);
-	bits = select_bits_alloc(size);
-	if (!bits)
-		goto out_nofds;
+	if (n < FAST_SELECT_MAX) { 
+		bits = stack_bits;
+	} else { 
+		ret = -ENOMEM;
+		bits = kmalloc(6*size, GFP_KERNEL);
+		if (!bits)
+			goto out_nofds;
+	} 
+
 	fds.in      = (unsigned long *)  bits;
 	fds.out     = (unsigned long *) (bits +   size);
 	fds.ex      = (unsigned long *) (bits + 2*size);
@@ -313,9 +292,7 @@ 
 	    (ret = get_fd_set(n, outp, fds.out)) ||
 	    (ret = get_fd_set(n, exp, fds.ex)))
 		goto out;
-	zero_fd_set(n, fds.res_in);
-	zero_fd_set(n, fds.res_out);
-	zero_fd_set(n, fds.res_ex);
+	memset(fds.res_in, 0, 3*size); 
 
 	ret = do_select(n, &fds, &timeout);
 
@@ -326,8 +303,8 @@ 
 			usec = timeout % HZ;
 			usec *= (1000000/HZ);
 		}
-		put_user(sec, &tvp->tv_sec);
-		put_user(usec, &tvp->tv_usec);
+		__put_user(sec, &tvp->tv_sec);
+		__put_user(usec, &tvp->tv_usec);
 	}
 
 	if (ret < 0)
@@ -344,8 +321,10 @@ 
 	set_fd_set(n, exp, fds.res_ex);
 
 out:
-	select_bits_free(bits, size);
+	if (n >= FAST_SELECT_MAX) 
+		kfree(bits);
 out_nofds:
+
 	return ret;
 }
 
@@ -410,12 +389,42 @@ 
 	return count;
 }
 
+static int fast_poll(poll_table *table, poll_table *wait, struct pollfd *ufds, 
+		     unsigned int nfds, long timeout)
+{ 
+	poll_table *pt = wait; 
+	struct pollfd fds[FAST_POLL_MAX];
+	int count, i; 
+
+	if (copy_from_user(fds, ufds, nfds * sizeof(struct pollfd)))
+		return -EFAULT; 
+	for (;;) { 
+		set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);
+		count = 0; 
+		do_pollfd(nfds, fds, &pt, &count); 
+		pt = NULL;
+		if (count || !timeout || signal_pending(current))
+			break;
+		count = wait->error; 
+		if (count) 
+			break; 		
+		timeout = schedule_timeout(timeout);
+	} 
+	current->state = TASK_RUNNING;
+	for (i = 0; i < nfds; i++) 
+		__put_user(fds[i].revents, &ufds[i].revents);
+	poll_freewait(table);	
+	if (!count && signal_pending(current)) 
+		return -EINTR; 
+	return count; 
+} 
+
 asmlinkage long sys_poll(struct pollfd * ufds, unsigned int nfds, long timeout)
 {
-	int i, j, fdcount, err;
+	int i, j, err, fdcount;
 	struct pollfd **fds;
 	poll_table table, *wait;
-	int nchunks, nleft;
+	int nchunks, nleft; 
 
 	/* Do a sanity check on nfds ... */
 	if (nfds > NR_OPEN)
@@ -429,43 +438,45 @@ 
 			timeout = MAX_SCHEDULE_TIMEOUT;
 	}
 
+
 	poll_initwait(&table);
 	wait = &table;
 	if (!timeout)
 		wait = NULL;
 
-	err = -ENOMEM;
-	fds = NULL;
-	if (nfds != 0) {
-		fds = (struct pollfd **)kmalloc(
-			(1 + (nfds - 1) / POLLFD_PER_PAGE) * sizeof(struct pollfd *),
-			GFP_KERNEL);
-		if (fds == NULL)
-			goto out;
-	}
+	if (nfds < FAST_POLL_MAX) 
+		return fast_poll(&table, wait, ufds, nfds, timeout); 
 
+	err = -ENOMEM;
+	fds = (struct pollfd **)kmalloc(
+		(1 + (nfds - 1) / POLLFD_PER_PAGE) * sizeof(struct pollfd *),
+		GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (fds == NULL)
+		goto out;
+	
 	nchunks = 0;
 	nleft = nfds;
-	while (nleft > POLLFD_PER_PAGE) { /* allocate complete PAGE_SIZE chunks */
+	while (nleft > POLLFD_PER_PAGE) { 
 		fds[nchunks] = (struct pollfd *)__get_free_page(GFP_KERNEL);
 		if (fds[nchunks] == NULL)
 			goto out_fds;
 		nchunks++;
 		nleft -= POLLFD_PER_PAGE;
 	}
-	if (nleft) { /* allocate last PAGE_SIZE chunk, only nleft elements used */
+	if (nleft) { 
 		fds[nchunks] = (struct pollfd *)__get_free_page(GFP_KERNEL);
 		if (fds[nchunks] == NULL)
 			goto out_fds;
-	}
-
+	} 
+	
 	err = -EFAULT;
 	for (i=0; i < nchunks; i++)
 		if (copy_from_user(fds[i], ufds + i*POLLFD_PER_PAGE, PAGE_SIZE))
 			goto out_fds1;
+	
 	if (nleft) {
 		if (copy_from_user(fds[nchunks], ufds + nchunks*POLLFD_PER_PAGE, 
-				nleft * sizeof(struct pollfd)))
+				   nleft * sizeof(struct pollfd)))
 			goto out_fds1;
 	}
 
@@ -489,8 +500,7 @@ 
 out_fds:
 	for (i=0; i < nchunks; i++)
 		free_page((unsigned long)(fds[i]));
-	if (nfds != 0)
-		kfree(fds);
+	kfree(fds);
 out:
 	poll_freewait(&table);
 	return err;
--- linux/include/linux/poll.h	Mon Jun 17 06:25:51 2002
+++ linux-2.5.23-work/include/linux/poll.h	Mon Jun 17 08:32:05 2002
@@ -10,13 +10,32 @@ 
 #include <linux/mm.h>
 #include <asm/uaccess.h>
 
-struct poll_table_page;
+#define POLL_INLINE_BYTES 256
+#define FAST_SELECT_MAX  128
+#define FAST_POLL_MAX    128
+#define POLL_INLINE_ENTRIES (1+(POLL_INLINE_BYTES / sizeof(struct poll_table_entry)))
+
+struct poll_table_entry {
+	struct file * filp;
+	wait_queue_t wait;
+	wait_queue_head_t * wait_address;
+};
+
+struct poll_table_page {
+	struct poll_table_page * next;
+	struct poll_table_entry * entry;
+	struct poll_table_entry entries[0];
+};
 
 typedef struct poll_table_struct {
 	int error;
 	struct poll_table_page * table;
+	struct poll_table_page inline_page; 
+	struct poll_table_entry inline_table[POLL_INLINE_ENTRIES]; 
 } poll_table;
 
+#define POLL_INLINE_TABLE_LEN (sizeof(poll_table) - offsetof(poll_table, inline_page))
+
 extern void __pollwait(struct file * filp, wait_queue_head_t * wait_address, poll_table *p);
 
 static inline void poll_wait(struct file * filp, wait_queue_head_t * wait_address, poll_table *p)
@@ -30,6 +49,7 @@ 
 	pt->error = 0;
 	pt->table = NULL;
 }
+
 extern void poll_freewait(poll_table* pt);
 
 
@@ -49,38 +69,11 @@ 
 #define FDS_LONGS(nr)	(((nr)+FDS_BITPERLONG-1)/FDS_BITPERLONG)
 #define FDS_BYTES(nr)	(FDS_LONGS(nr)*sizeof(long))
 
-/*
- * We do a VERIFY_WRITE here even though we are only reading this time:
- * we'll write to it eventually..
- *
- * Use "unsigned long" accesses to let user-mode fd_set's be long-aligned.
- */
-static inline
-int get_fd_set(unsigned long nr, void *ufdset, unsigned long *fdset)
-{
-	nr = FDS_BYTES(nr);
-	if (ufdset) {
-		int error;
-		error = verify_area(VERIFY_WRITE, ufdset, nr);
-		if (!error && __copy_from_user(fdset, ufdset, nr))
-			error = -EFAULT;
-		return error;
-	}
-	memset(fdset, 0, nr);
-	return 0;
-}
-
 static inline
 void set_fd_set(unsigned long nr, void *ufdset, unsigned long *fdset)
 {
 	if (ufdset)
 		__copy_to_user(ufdset, fdset, FDS_BYTES(nr));
-}
-
-static inline
-void zero_fd_set(unsigned long nr, unsigned long *fdset)
-{
-	memset(fdset, 0, FDS_BYTES(nr));
 }
 
 extern int do_select(int n, fd_set_bits *fds, long *timeout);