[RESEND/PATCHv4,v4,3/3] firmware: Support loading into a pre-allocated buffer
diff mbox series

Message ID 20160607164741.31849-4-stephen.boyd@linaro.org
State New, archived
Headers show
Series
  • request_firmware() into pre-allocated buffers
Related show

Commit Message

Stephen Boyd June 7, 2016, 4:47 p.m. UTC
Some systems are memory constrained but they need to load very
large firmwares. The firmware subsystem allows drivers to request
this firmware be loaded from the filesystem, but this requires
that the entire firmware be loaded into kernel memory first
before it's provided to the driver. This can lead to a situation
where we map the firmware twice, once to load the firmware into
kernel memory and once to copy the firmware into the final
resting place.

This creates needless memory pressure and delays loading because
we have to copy from kernel memory to somewhere else. Let's add a
request_firmware_into_buf() API that allows drivers to request
firmware be loaded directly into a pre-allocated buffer. This
skips the intermediate step of allocating a buffer in kernel
memory to hold the firmware image while it's read from the
filesystem. It also requires that drivers know how much memory
they'll require before requesting the firmware and negates any
benefits of firmware caching because the firmware layer doesn't
manage the buffer lifetime.

For a 16MB buffer, about half the time is spent performing a
memcpy from the buffer to the final resting place. I see loading
times go from 0.081171 seconds to 0.047696 seconds after applying
this patch. Plus the vmalloc pressure is reduced.

This is based on a patch from Vikram Mulukutla on
codeaurora.org[1].

[1] https://www.codeaurora.org/cgit/quic/la/kernel/msm-3.18/commit/drivers/base/firmware_class.c?h=rel/msm-3.18&id=0a328c5f6cd999f5c591f172216835636f39bcb5
Cc: Mimi Zohar <zohar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Vikram Mulukutla <markivx@codeaurora.org>
Signed-off-by: Stephen Boyd <stephen.boyd@linaro.org>
---
 drivers/base/firmware_class.c | 125 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---------
 fs/exec.c                     |   9 ++-
 include/linux/firmware.h      |   8 +++
 include/linux/fs.h            |   1 +
 4 files changed, 114 insertions(+), 29 deletions(-)

Comments

kernel test robot June 12, 2016, 9:28 a.m. UTC | #1
Hi,

[auto build test ERROR on driver-core/driver-core-testing]
[also build test ERROR on v4.7-rc2]
[cannot apply to next-20160609]
[if your patch is applied to the wrong git tree, please drop us a note to help improve the system]

url:    https://github.com/0day-ci/linux/commits/Stephen-Boyd/firmware-Consolidate-kmap-read-write-logic/20160607-164005
config: x86_64-randconfig-v0-06121632 (attached as .config)
compiler: gcc-6 (Debian 6.1.1-1) 6.1.1 20160430
reproduce:
        # save the attached .config to linux build tree
        make ARCH=x86_64 

All errors (new ones prefixed by >>):

   In file included from drivers/video/fbdev/metronomefb.c:33:0:
>> include/linux/firmware.h:82:1: error: expected identifier or '(' before '{' token
    {
    ^
   include/linux/firmware.h:80:19: warning: 'request_firmware_into_buf' declared 'static' but never defined [-Wunused-function]
    static inline int request_firmware_into_buf(const struct firmware **firmware_p,
                      ^~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

vim +82 include/linux/firmware.h

    76	{
    77		return -EINVAL;
    78	}
    79	
    80	static inline int request_firmware_into_buf(const struct firmware **firmware_p,
    81		const char *name, struct device *device, void *buf, size_t size);
  > 82	{
    83		return -EINVAL;
    84	}
    85	

---
0-DAY kernel test infrastructure                Open Source Technology Center
https://lists.01.org/pipermail/kbuild-all                   Intel Corporation

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/drivers/base/firmware_class.c b/drivers/base/firmware_class.c
index 45ed20cefa10..22d1760a4278 100644
--- a/drivers/base/firmware_class.c
+++ b/drivers/base/firmware_class.c
@@ -46,7 +46,8 @@  MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
 extern struct builtin_fw __start_builtin_fw[];
 extern struct builtin_fw __end_builtin_fw[];
 
-static bool fw_get_builtin_firmware(struct firmware *fw, const char *name)
+static bool fw_get_builtin_firmware(struct firmware *fw, const char *name,
+				    void *buf, size_t size)
 {
 	struct builtin_fw *b_fw;
 
@@ -54,6 +55,9 @@  static bool fw_get_builtin_firmware(struct firmware *fw, const char *name)
 		if (strcmp(name, b_fw->name) == 0) {
 			fw->size = b_fw->size;
 			fw->data = b_fw->data;
+
+			if (buf && fw->size <= size)
+				memcpy(buf, fw->data, fw->size);
 			return true;
 		}
 	}
@@ -74,7 +78,9 @@  static bool fw_is_builtin_firmware(const struct firmware *fw)
 
 #else /* Module case - no builtin firmware support */
 
-static inline bool fw_get_builtin_firmware(struct firmware *fw, const char *name)
+static inline bool fw_get_builtin_firmware(struct firmware *fw,
+					   const char *name, void *buf,
+					   size_t size)
 {
 	return false;
 }
@@ -144,6 +150,7 @@  struct firmware_buf {
 	unsigned long status;
 	void *data;
 	size_t size;
+	size_t allocated_size;
 #ifdef CONFIG_FW_LOADER_USER_HELPER
 	bool is_paged_buf;
 	bool need_uevent;
@@ -179,7 +186,8 @@  static DEFINE_MUTEX(fw_lock);
 static struct firmware_cache fw_cache;
 
 static struct firmware_buf *__allocate_fw_buf(const char *fw_name,
-					      struct firmware_cache *fwc)
+					      struct firmware_cache *fwc,
+					      void *dbuf, size_t size)
 {
 	struct firmware_buf *buf;
 
@@ -195,6 +203,8 @@  static struct firmware_buf *__allocate_fw_buf(const char *fw_name,
 
 	kref_init(&buf->ref);
 	buf->fwc = fwc;
+	buf->data = dbuf;
+	buf->allocated_size = size;
 	init_completion(&buf->completion);
 #ifdef CONFIG_FW_LOADER_USER_HELPER
 	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&buf->pending_list);
@@ -218,7 +228,8 @@  static struct firmware_buf *__fw_lookup_buf(const char *fw_name)
 
 static int fw_lookup_and_allocate_buf(const char *fw_name,
 				      struct firmware_cache *fwc,
-				      struct firmware_buf **buf)
+				      struct firmware_buf **buf, void *dbuf,
+				      size_t size)
 {
 	struct firmware_buf *tmp;
 
@@ -230,7 +241,7 @@  static int fw_lookup_and_allocate_buf(const char *fw_name,
 		*buf = tmp;
 		return 1;
 	}
-	tmp = __allocate_fw_buf(fw_name, fwc);
+	tmp = __allocate_fw_buf(fw_name, fwc, dbuf, size);
 	if (tmp)
 		list_add(&tmp->list, &fwc->head);
 	spin_unlock(&fwc->lock);
@@ -262,6 +273,7 @@  static void __fw_free_buf(struct kref *ref)
 		vfree(buf->pages);
 	} else
 #endif
+	if (!buf->allocated_size)
 		vfree(buf->data);
 	kfree_const(buf->fw_id);
 	kfree(buf);
@@ -302,13 +314,21 @@  static void fw_finish_direct_load(struct device *device,
 	mutex_unlock(&fw_lock);
 }
 
-static int fw_get_filesystem_firmware(struct device *device,
-				       struct firmware_buf *buf)
+static int
+fw_get_filesystem_firmware(struct device *device, struct firmware_buf *buf)
 {
 	loff_t size;
 	int i, len;
 	int rc = -ENOENT;
 	char *path;
+	enum kernel_read_file_id id = READING_FIRMWARE;
+	size_t msize = INT_MAX;
+
+	/* Already populated data member means we're loading into a buffer */
+	if (buf->data) {
+		id = READING_FIRMWARE_PREALLOC_BUFFER;
+		msize = buf->allocated_size;
+	}
 
 	path = __getname();
 	if (!path)
@@ -327,8 +347,8 @@  static int fw_get_filesystem_firmware(struct device *device,
 		}
 
 		buf->size = 0;
-		rc = kernel_read_file_from_path(path, &buf->data, &size,
-						INT_MAX, READING_FIRMWARE);
+		rc = kernel_read_file_from_path(path, &buf->data, &size, msize,
+						id);
 		if (rc) {
 			if (rc == -ENOENT)
 				dev_dbg(device, "loading %s failed with error %d\n",
@@ -692,6 +712,15 @@  out:
 
 static DEVICE_ATTR(loading, 0644, firmware_loading_show, firmware_loading_store);
 
+static void firmware_rw_buf(struct firmware_buf *buf, char *buffer,
+			   loff_t offset, size_t count, bool read)
+{
+	if (read)
+		memcpy(buffer, buf->data + offset, count);
+	else
+		memcpy(buf->data + offset, buffer, count);
+}
+
 static void firmware_rw(struct firmware_buf *buf, char *buffer,
 			loff_t offset, size_t count, bool read)
 {
@@ -739,7 +768,10 @@  static ssize_t firmware_data_read(struct file *filp, struct kobject *kobj,
 
 	ret_count = count;
 
-	firmware_rw(buf, buffer, offset, count, true);
+	if (buf->data)
+		firmware_rw_buf(buf, buffer, offset, count, true);
+	else
+		firmware_rw(buf, buffer, offset, count, true);
 
 out:
 	mutex_unlock(&fw_lock);
@@ -815,12 +847,21 @@  static ssize_t firmware_data_write(struct file *filp, struct kobject *kobj,
 		goto out;
 	}
 
-	retval = fw_realloc_buffer(fw_priv, offset + count);
-	if (retval)
-		goto out;
+	if (buf->data) {
+		if (offset + count > buf->allocated_size) {
+			retval = -ENOMEM;
+			goto out;
+		}
+		firmware_rw_buf(buf, buffer, offset, count, false);
+		retval = count;
+	} else {
+		retval = fw_realloc_buffer(fw_priv, offset + count);
+		if (retval)
+			goto out;
 
-	retval = count;
-	firmware_rw(buf, buffer, offset, count, false);
+		retval = count;
+		firmware_rw(buf, buffer, offset, count, false);
+	}
 
 	buf->size = max_t(size_t, offset + count, buf->size);
 out:
@@ -890,7 +931,8 @@  static int _request_firmware_load(struct firmware_priv *fw_priv,
 	struct firmware_buf *buf = fw_priv->buf;
 
 	/* fall back on userspace loading */
-	buf->is_paged_buf = true;
+	if (!buf->data)
+		buf->is_paged_buf = true;
 
 	dev_set_uevent_suppress(f_dev, true);
 
@@ -925,7 +967,7 @@  static int _request_firmware_load(struct firmware_priv *fw_priv,
 
 	if (is_fw_load_aborted(buf))
 		retval = -EAGAIN;
-	else if (!buf->data)
+	else if (buf->is_paged_buf && !buf->data)
 		retval = -ENOMEM;
 
 	device_del(f_dev);
@@ -1008,7 +1050,7 @@  static int sync_cached_firmware_buf(struct firmware_buf *buf)
  */
 static int
 _request_firmware_prepare(struct firmware **firmware_p, const char *name,
-			  struct device *device)
+			  struct device *device, void *dbuf, size_t size)
 {
 	struct firmware *firmware;
 	struct firmware_buf *buf;
@@ -1021,12 +1063,12 @@  _request_firmware_prepare(struct firmware **firmware_p, const char *name,
 		return -ENOMEM;
 	}
 
-	if (fw_get_builtin_firmware(firmware, name)) {
+	if (fw_get_builtin_firmware(firmware, name, dbuf, size)) {
 		dev_dbg(device, "using built-in %s\n", name);
 		return 0; /* assigned */
 	}
 
-	ret = fw_lookup_and_allocate_buf(name, &fw_cache, &buf);
+	ret = fw_lookup_and_allocate_buf(name, &fw_cache, &buf, dbuf, size);
 
 	/*
 	 * bind with 'buf' now to avoid warning in failure path
@@ -1089,7 +1131,8 @@  static int assign_firmware_buf(struct firmware *fw, struct device *device,
 /* called from request_firmware() and request_firmware_work_func() */
 static int
 _request_firmware(const struct firmware **firmware_p, const char *name,
-		  struct device *device, unsigned int opt_flags)
+		  struct device *device, void *buf, size_t size,
+		  unsigned int opt_flags)
 {
 	struct firmware *fw = NULL;
 	long timeout;
@@ -1103,7 +1146,7 @@  _request_firmware(const struct firmware **firmware_p, const char *name,
 		goto out;
 	}
 
-	ret = _request_firmware_prepare(&fw, name, device);
+	ret = _request_firmware_prepare(&fw, name, device, buf, size);
 	if (ret <= 0) /* error or already assigned */
 		goto out;
 
@@ -1182,7 +1225,7 @@  request_firmware(const struct firmware **firmware_p, const char *name,
 
 	/* Need to pin this module until return */
 	__module_get(THIS_MODULE);
-	ret = _request_firmware(firmware_p, name, device,
+	ret = _request_firmware(firmware_p, name, device, NULL, 0,
 				FW_OPT_UEVENT | FW_OPT_FALLBACK);
 	module_put(THIS_MODULE);
 	return ret;
@@ -1206,13 +1249,43 @@  int request_firmware_direct(const struct firmware **firmware_p,
 	int ret;
 
 	__module_get(THIS_MODULE);
-	ret = _request_firmware(firmware_p, name, device,
+	ret = _request_firmware(firmware_p, name, device, NULL, 0,
 				FW_OPT_UEVENT | FW_OPT_NO_WARN);
 	module_put(THIS_MODULE);
 	return ret;
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(request_firmware_direct);
 
+/**
+ * request_firmware_into_buf - load firmware into a previously allocated buffer
+ * @firmware_p: pointer to firmware image
+ * @name: name of firmware file
+ * @device: device for which firmware is being loaded and DMA region allocated
+ * @buf: address of buffer to load firmware into
+ * @size: size of buffer
+ *
+ * This function works pretty much like request_firmware(), but it doesn't
+ * allocate a buffer to hold the firmware data. Instead, the firmware
+ * is loaded directly into the buffer pointed to by @buf and the @firmware_p
+ * data member is pointed at @buf.
+ *
+ * This function doesn't cache firmware either.
+ */
+int
+request_firmware_into_buf(const struct firmware **firmware_p, const char *name,
+			  struct device *device, void *buf, size_t size)
+{
+	int ret;
+
+	__module_get(THIS_MODULE);
+	ret = _request_firmware(firmware_p, name, device, buf, size,
+				FW_OPT_UEVENT | FW_OPT_FALLBACK |
+				FW_OPT_NOCACHE);
+	module_put(THIS_MODULE);
+	return ret;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(request_firmware_into_buf);
+
 /**
  * release_firmware: - release the resource associated with a firmware image
  * @fw: firmware resource to release
@@ -1245,7 +1318,7 @@  static void request_firmware_work_func(struct work_struct *work)
 
 	fw_work = container_of(work, struct firmware_work, work);
 
-	_request_firmware(&fw, fw_work->name, fw_work->device,
+	_request_firmware(&fw, fw_work->name, fw_work->device, NULL, 0,
 			  fw_work->opt_flags);
 	fw_work->cont(fw, fw_work->context);
 	put_device(fw_work->device); /* taken in request_firmware_nowait() */
@@ -1378,7 +1451,7 @@  static int uncache_firmware(const char *fw_name)
 
 	pr_debug("%s: %s\n", __func__, fw_name);
 
-	if (fw_get_builtin_firmware(&fw, fw_name))
+	if (fw_get_builtin_firmware(&fw, fw_name, NULL, 0))
 		return 0;
 
 	buf = fw_lookup_buf(fw_name);
diff --git a/fs/exec.c b/fs/exec.c
index 887c1c955df8..433edea54253 100644
--- a/fs/exec.c
+++ b/fs/exec.c
@@ -866,7 +866,8 @@  int kernel_read_file(struct file *file, void **buf, loff_t *size,
 		goto out;
 	}
 
-	*buf = vmalloc(i_size);
+	if (id != READING_FIRMWARE_PREALLOC_BUFFER)
+		*buf = vmalloc(i_size);
 	if (!*buf) {
 		ret = -ENOMEM;
 		goto out;
@@ -897,8 +898,10 @@  int kernel_read_file(struct file *file, void **buf, loff_t *size,
 
 out_free:
 	if (ret < 0) {
-		vfree(*buf);
-		*buf = NULL;
+		if (id != READING_FIRMWARE_PREALLOC_BUFFER) {
+			vfree(*buf);
+			*buf = NULL;
+		}
 	}
 
 out:
diff --git a/include/linux/firmware.h b/include/linux/firmware.h
index 5c41c5e75b5c..bdc24ee92823 100644
--- a/include/linux/firmware.h
+++ b/include/linux/firmware.h
@@ -47,6 +47,8 @@  int request_firmware_nowait(
 	void (*cont)(const struct firmware *fw, void *context));
 int request_firmware_direct(const struct firmware **fw, const char *name,
 			    struct device *device);
+int request_firmware_into_buf(const struct firmware **firmware_p,
+	const char *name, struct device *device, void *buf, size_t size);
 
 void release_firmware(const struct firmware *fw);
 #else
@@ -75,5 +77,11 @@  static inline int request_firmware_direct(const struct firmware **fw,
 	return -EINVAL;
 }
 
+static inline int request_firmware_into_buf(const struct firmware **firmware_p,
+	const char *name, struct device *device, void *buf, size_t size);
+{
+	return -EINVAL;
+}
+
 #endif
 #endif
diff --git a/include/linux/fs.h b/include/linux/fs.h
index dd288148a6b1..c4f3a26614a7 100644
--- a/include/linux/fs.h
+++ b/include/linux/fs.h
@@ -2631,6 +2631,7 @@  extern int do_pipe_flags(int *, int);
 #define __kernel_read_file_id(id) \
 	id(UNKNOWN, unknown)		\
 	id(FIRMWARE, firmware)		\
+	id(FIRMWARE_PREALLOC_BUFFER, firmware)	\
 	id(MODULE, kernel-module)		\
 	id(KEXEC_IMAGE, kexec-image)		\
 	id(KEXEC_INITRAMFS, kexec-initramfs)	\