[4.4,43/43] ftrace/x86: Fix triple fault with graph tracing and suspend-to-ram
diff mbox series

Message ID 20170501212601.265075022@linuxfoundation.org
State New, archived
Headers show
Series
  • 4.4.66-stable review
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Commit Message

Greg KH May 1, 2017, 9:27 p.m. UTC
4.4-stable review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let me know.

------------------

From: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>

commit 34a477e5297cbaa6ecc6e17c042a866e1cbe80d6 upstream.

On x86-32, with CONFIG_FIRMWARE and multiple CPUs, if you enable function
graph tracing and then suspend to RAM, it will triple fault and reboot when
it resumes.

The first fault happens when booting a secondary CPU:

startup_32_smp()
  load_ucode_ap()
    prepare_ftrace_return()
      ftrace_graph_is_dead()
        (accesses 'kill_ftrace_graph')

The early head_32.S code calls into load_ucode_ap(), which has an an
ftrace hook, so it calls prepare_ftrace_return(), which calls
ftrace_graph_is_dead(), which tries to access the global
'kill_ftrace_graph' variable with a virtual address, causing a fault
because the CPU is still in real mode.

The fix is to add a check in prepare_ftrace_return() to make sure it's
running in protected mode before continuing.  The check makes sure the
stack pointer is a virtual kernel address.  It's a bit of a hack, but
it's not very intrusive and it works well enough.

For reference, here are a few other (more difficult) ways this could
have potentially been fixed:

- Move startup_32_smp()'s call to load_ucode_ap() down to *after* paging
  is enabled.  (No idea what that would break.)

- Track down load_ucode_ap()'s entire callee tree and mark all the
  functions 'notrace'.  (Probably not realistic.)

- Pause graph tracing in ftrace_suspend_notifier_call() or bringup_cpu()
  or __cpu_up(), and ensure that the pause facility can be queried from
  real mode.

Reported-by: Paul Menzel <pmenzel@molgen.mpg.de>
Signed-off-by: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Tested-by: Paul Menzel <pmenzel@molgen.mpg.de>
Reviewed-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
Cc: "Rafael J . Wysocki" <rjw@rjwysocki.net>
Cc: linux-acpi@vger.kernel.org
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Len Brown <lenb@kernel.org>
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/5c1272269a580660703ed2eccf44308e790c7a98.1492123841.git.jpoimboe@redhat.com
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>

---
 arch/x86/kernel/ftrace.c |   12 ++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 12 insertions(+)

Patch
diff mbox series

--- a/arch/x86/kernel/ftrace.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/ftrace.c
@@ -977,6 +977,18 @@  void prepare_ftrace_return(unsigned long
 	unsigned long return_hooker = (unsigned long)
 				&return_to_handler;
 
+	/*
+	 * When resuming from suspend-to-ram, this function can be indirectly
+	 * called from early CPU startup code while the CPU is in real mode,
+	 * which would fail miserably.  Make sure the stack pointer is a
+	 * virtual address.
+	 *
+	 * This check isn't as accurate as virt_addr_valid(), but it should be
+	 * good enough for this purpose, and it's fast.
+	 */
+	if (unlikely((long)__builtin_frame_address(0) >= 0))
+		return;
+
 	if (unlikely(ftrace_graph_is_dead()))
 		return;