[mm,v2,3/6] mm: Use memblock/zone specific iterator for handling deferred page init
diff mbox series

Message ID 20181011221345.1925.16113.stgit@localhost.localdomain
State New
Headers show
Series
  • Deferred page init improvements
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Commit Message

Alexander Duyck Oct. 11, 2018, 10:13 p.m. UTC
This patch introduces a new iterator for_each_free_mem_pfn_range_in_zone.

This iterator will take care of making sure a given memory range provided
is in fact contained within a zone. It takes are of all the bounds checking
we were doing in deferred_grow_zone, and deferred_init_memmap. In addition
it should help to speed up the search a bit by iterating until the end of a
range is greater than the start of the zone pfn range, and will exit
completely if the start is beyond the end of the zone.

This patch adds yet another iterator called
for_each_free_mem_range_in_zone_from and then uses it to support
initializing and freeing pages in groups no larger than MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES.
By doing this we can greatly improve the cache locality of the pages while
we do several loops over them in the init and freeing process.

We are able to tighten the loops as a result since we only really need the
checks for first_init_pfn in our first iteration and after that we can
assume that all future values will be greater than this. So I have added a
function called deferred_init_mem_pfn_range_in_zone that primes the
iterators and if it fails we can just exit.

Signed-off-by: Alexander Duyck <alexander.h.duyck@linux.intel.com>
---
 include/linux/memblock.h |   58 +++++++++++++++
 mm/memblock.c            |   63 ++++++++++++++++
 mm/page_alloc.c          |  176 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------------
 3 files changed, 242 insertions(+), 55 deletions(-)

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/include/linux/memblock.h b/include/linux/memblock.h
index d4d0e0181682..a89580b80a3d 100644
--- a/include/linux/memblock.h
+++ b/include/linux/memblock.h
@@ -178,6 +178,25 @@  void __next_reserved_mem_region(u64 *idx, phys_addr_t *out_start,
 			      p_start, p_end, p_nid))
 
 /**
+ * for_each_mem_range - iterate through memblock areas from type_a and not
+ * included in type_b. Or just type_a if type_b is NULL.
+ * @i: u64 used as loop variable
+ * @type_a: ptr to memblock_type to iterate
+ * @type_b: ptr to memblock_type which excludes from the iteration
+ * @nid: node selector, %NUMA_NO_NODE for all nodes
+ * @flags: pick from blocks based on memory attributes
+ * @p_start: ptr to phys_addr_t for start address of the range, can be %NULL
+ * @p_end: ptr to phys_addr_t for end address of the range, can be %NULL
+ * @p_nid: ptr to int for nid of the range, can be %NULL
+ */
+#define for_each_mem_range_from(i, type_a, type_b, nid, flags,		\
+			   p_start, p_end, p_nid)			\
+	for (i = 0, __next_mem_range(&i, nid, flags, type_a, type_b,	\
+				     p_start, p_end, p_nid);		\
+	     i != (u64)ULLONG_MAX;					\
+	     __next_mem_range(&i, nid, flags, type_a, type_b,		\
+			      p_start, p_end, p_nid))
+/**
  * for_each_mem_range_rev - reverse iterate through memblock areas from
  * type_a and not included in type_b. Or just type_a if type_b is NULL.
  * @i: u64 used as loop variable
@@ -248,6 +267,45 @@  void __next_mem_pfn_range(int *idx, int nid, unsigned long *out_start_pfn,
 	     i >= 0; __next_mem_pfn_range(&i, nid, p_start, p_end, p_nid))
 #endif /* CONFIG_HAVE_MEMBLOCK_NODE_MAP */
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_DEFERRED_STRUCT_PAGE_INIT
+void __next_mem_pfn_range_in_zone(u64 *idx, struct zone *zone,
+				  unsigned long *out_spfn,
+				  unsigned long *out_epfn);
+/**
+ * for_each_free_mem_range_in_zone - iterate through zone specific free
+ * memblock areas
+ * @i: u64 used as loop variable
+ * @zone: zone in which all of the memory blocks reside
+ * @p_start: ptr to phys_addr_t for start address of the range, can be %NULL
+ * @p_end: ptr to phys_addr_t for end address of the range, can be %NULL
+ *
+ * Walks over free (memory && !reserved) areas of memblock in a specific
+ * zone. Available as soon as memblock is initialized.
+ */
+#define for_each_free_mem_pfn_range_in_zone(i, zone, p_start, p_end)	\
+	for (i = 0,							\
+	     __next_mem_pfn_range_in_zone(&i, zone, p_start, p_end);	\
+	     i != (u64)ULLONG_MAX;					\
+	     __next_mem_pfn_range_in_zone(&i, zone, p_start, p_end))
+
+/**
+ * for_each_free_mem_range_in_zone_from - iterate through zone specific
+ * free memblock areas from a given point
+ * @i: u64 used as loop variable
+ * @zone: zone in which all of the memory blocks reside
+ * @p_start: ptr to phys_addr_t for start address of the range, can be %NULL
+ * @p_end: ptr to phys_addr_t for end address of the range, can be %NULL
+ *
+ * Walks over free (memory && !reserved) areas of memblock in a specific
+ * zone, continuing from current position. Available as soon as memblock is
+ * initialized.
+ */
+#define for_each_free_mem_pfn_range_in_zone_from(i, zone, p_start, p_end) \
+	for (; i != (u64)ULLONG_MAX;					  \
+	     __next_mem_pfn_range_in_zone(&i, zone, p_start, p_end))
+
+#endif /* CONFIG_DEFERRED_STRUCT_PAGE_INIT */
+
 /**
  * for_each_free_mem_range - iterate through free memblock areas
  * @i: u64 used as loop variable
diff --git a/mm/memblock.c b/mm/memblock.c
index b0ebca546ba1..c06f8edd0409 100644
--- a/mm/memblock.c
+++ b/mm/memblock.c
@@ -1239,6 +1239,69 @@  int __init_memblock memblock_set_node(phys_addr_t base, phys_addr_t size,
 	return 0;
 }
 #endif /* CONFIG_HAVE_MEMBLOCK_NODE_MAP */
+#ifdef CONFIG_DEFERRED_STRUCT_PAGE_INIT
+/**
+ * __next_mem_pfn_range_in_zone - iterator for for_each_*_range_in_zone()
+ *
+ * @idx: pointer to u64 loop variable
+ * @zone: zone in which all of the memory blocks reside
+ * @out_start: ptr to ulong for start pfn of the range, can be %NULL
+ * @out_end: ptr to ulong for end pfn of the range, can be %NULL
+ *
+ * This function is meant to be a zone/pfn specific wrapper for the
+ * for_each_mem_range type iterators. Specifically they are used in the
+ * deferred memory init routines and as such we were duplicating much of
+ * this logic throughout the code. So instead of having it in multiple
+ * locations it seemed like it would make more sense to centralize this to
+ * one new iterator that does everything they need.
+ */
+void __init_memblock
+__next_mem_pfn_range_in_zone(u64 *idx, struct zone *zone,
+			     unsigned long *out_spfn, unsigned long *out_epfn)
+{
+	int zone_nid = zone_to_nid(zone);
+	phys_addr_t spa, epa;
+	int nid;
+
+	__next_mem_range(idx, zone_nid, MEMBLOCK_NONE,
+			 &memblock.memory, &memblock.reserved,
+			 &spa, &epa, &nid);
+
+	while (*idx != ULLONG_MAX) {
+		unsigned long epfn = PFN_DOWN(epa);
+		unsigned long spfn = PFN_UP(spa);
+
+		/*
+		 * Verify the end is at least past the start of the zone and
+		 * that we have at least one PFN to initialize.
+		 */
+		if (zone->zone_start_pfn < epfn && spfn < epfn) {
+			/* if we went too far just stop searching */
+			if (zone_end_pfn(zone) <= spfn)
+				break;
+
+			if (out_spfn)
+				*out_spfn = max(zone->zone_start_pfn, spfn);
+			if (out_epfn)
+				*out_epfn = min(zone_end_pfn(zone), epfn);
+
+			return;
+		}
+
+		__next_mem_range(idx, zone_nid, MEMBLOCK_NONE,
+				 &memblock.memory, &memblock.reserved,
+				 &spa, &epa, &nid);
+	}
+
+	/* signal end of iteration */
+	*idx = ULLONG_MAX;
+	if (out_spfn)
+		*out_spfn = ULONG_MAX;
+	if (out_epfn)
+		*out_epfn = 0;
+}
+
+#endif /* CONFIG_DEFERRED_STRUCT_PAGE_INIT */
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_MEMBLOCK_PFN_VALID
 unsigned long __init_memblock memblock_next_valid_pfn(unsigned long pfn)
diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
index 076ffb6214c3..3603d5444865 100644
--- a/mm/page_alloc.c
+++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
@@ -1516,19 +1516,103 @@  static unsigned long  __init deferred_init_pages(struct zone *zone,
 	return (nr_pages);
 }
 
+/*
+ * This function is meant to pre-load the iterator for the zone init.
+ * Specifically it walks through the ranges until we are caught up to the
+ * first_init_pfn value and exits there. If we never encounter the value we
+ * return false indicating there are no valid ranges left.
+ */
+static bool __init
+deferred_init_mem_pfn_range_in_zone(u64 *i, struct zone *zone,
+				    unsigned long *spfn, unsigned long *epfn,
+				    unsigned long first_init_pfn)
+{
+	u64 j;
+
+	/*
+	 * Start out by walking through the ranges in this zone that have
+	 * already been initialized. We don't need to do anything with them
+	 * so we just need to flush them out of the system.
+	 */
+	for_each_free_mem_pfn_range_in_zone(j, zone, spfn, epfn) {
+		if (*epfn <= first_init_pfn)
+			continue;
+		if (*spfn < first_init_pfn)
+			*spfn = first_init_pfn;
+		*i = j;
+		return true;
+	}
+
+	return false;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Initialize and free pages. We do it in two loops: first we initialize
+ * struct page, than free to buddy allocator, because while we are
+ * freeing pages we can access pages that are ahead (computing buddy
+ * page in __free_one_page()).
+ *
+ * In order to try and keep some memory in the cache we have the loop
+ * broken along max page order boundaries. This way we will not cause
+ * any issues with the buddy page computation.
+ */
+static unsigned long __init
+deferred_init_maxorder(u64 *i, struct zone *zone, unsigned long *start_pfn,
+		       unsigned long *end_pfn)
+{
+	unsigned long mo_pfn = ALIGN(*start_pfn + 1, MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES);
+	unsigned long spfn = *start_pfn, epfn = *end_pfn;
+	unsigned long nr_pages = 0;
+	u64 j = *i;
+
+	/* First we loop through and initialize the page values */
+	for_each_free_mem_pfn_range_in_zone_from(j, zone, &spfn, &epfn) {
+		unsigned long t;
+
+		if (mo_pfn <= spfn)
+			break;
+
+		t = min(mo_pfn, epfn);
+		nr_pages += deferred_init_pages(zone, spfn, t);
+
+		if (mo_pfn <= epfn)
+			break;
+	}
+
+	/* Reset values and now loop through freeing pages as needed */
+	j = *i;
+
+	for_each_free_mem_pfn_range_in_zone_from(j, zone, start_pfn, end_pfn) {
+		unsigned long t;
+
+		if (mo_pfn <= *start_pfn)
+			break;
+
+		t = min(mo_pfn, *end_pfn);
+		deferred_free_pages(*start_pfn, t);
+		*start_pfn = t;
+
+		if (mo_pfn < *end_pfn)
+			break;
+	}
+
+	/* Store our current values to be reused on the next iteration */
+	*i = j;
+
+	return nr_pages;
+}
+
 /* Initialise remaining memory on a node */
 static int __init deferred_init_memmap(void *data)
 {
 	pg_data_t *pgdat = data;
-	int nid = pgdat->node_id;
+	const struct cpumask *cpumask = cpumask_of_node(pgdat->node_id);
+	unsigned long spfn = 0, epfn = 0, nr_pages = 0;
+	unsigned long first_init_pfn, flags;
 	unsigned long start = jiffies;
-	unsigned long nr_pages = 0;
-	unsigned long spfn, epfn, first_init_pfn, flags;
-	phys_addr_t spa, epa;
-	int zid;
 	struct zone *zone;
-	const struct cpumask *cpumask = cpumask_of_node(pgdat->node_id);
 	u64 i;
+	int zid;
 
 	/* Bind memory initialisation thread to a local node if possible */
 	if (!cpumask_empty(cpumask))
@@ -1553,31 +1637,30 @@  static int __init deferred_init_memmap(void *data)
 		if (first_init_pfn < zone_end_pfn(zone))
 			break;
 	}
-	first_init_pfn = max(zone->zone_start_pfn, first_init_pfn);
+
+	/* If the zone is empty somebody else may have cleared out the zone */
+	if (!deferred_init_mem_pfn_range_in_zone(&i, zone, &spfn, &epfn,
+						 first_init_pfn)) {
+		pgdat_resize_unlock(pgdat, &flags);
+		pgdat_init_report_one_done();
+		return 0;
+	}
 
 	/*
-	 * Initialize and free pages. We do it in two loops: first we initialize
-	 * struct page, than free to buddy allocator, because while we are
-	 * freeing pages we can access pages that are ahead (computing buddy
-	 * page in __free_one_page()).
+	 * Initialize and free pages in MAX_ORDER sized increments so
+	 * that we can avoid introducing any issues with the buddy
+	 * allocator.
 	 */
-	for_each_free_mem_range(i, nid, MEMBLOCK_NONE, &spa, &epa, NULL) {
-		spfn = max_t(unsigned long, first_init_pfn, PFN_UP(spa));
-		epfn = min_t(unsigned long, zone_end_pfn(zone), PFN_DOWN(epa));
-		nr_pages += deferred_init_pages(zone, spfn, epfn);
-	}
-	for_each_free_mem_range(i, nid, MEMBLOCK_NONE, &spa, &epa, NULL) {
-		spfn = max_t(unsigned long, first_init_pfn, PFN_UP(spa));
-		epfn = min_t(unsigned long, zone_end_pfn(zone), PFN_DOWN(epa));
-		deferred_free_pages(spfn, epfn);
-	}
+	while (spfn < epfn)
+		nr_pages += deferred_init_maxorder(&i, zone, &spfn, &epfn);
+
 	pgdat_resize_unlock(pgdat, &flags);
 
 	/* Sanity check that the next zone really is unpopulated */
 	WARN_ON(++zid < MAX_NR_ZONES && populated_zone(++zone));
 
-	pr_info("node %d initialised, %lu pages in %ums\n", nid, nr_pages,
-					jiffies_to_msecs(jiffies - start));
+	pr_info("node %d initialised, %lu pages in %ums\n",
+		pgdat->node_id,	nr_pages, jiffies_to_msecs(jiffies - start));
 
 	pgdat_init_report_one_done();
 	return 0;
@@ -1608,14 +1691,11 @@  static int __init deferred_init_memmap(void *data)
 static noinline bool __init
 deferred_grow_zone(struct zone *zone, unsigned int order)
 {
-	int zid = zone_idx(zone);
-	int nid = zone_to_nid(zone);
-	pg_data_t *pgdat = NODE_DATA(nid);
 	unsigned long nr_pages_needed = ALIGN(1 << order, PAGES_PER_SECTION);
-	unsigned long nr_pages = 0;
-	unsigned long first_init_pfn, spfn, epfn, t, flags;
+	pg_data_t *pgdat = zone->zone_pgdat;
 	unsigned long first_deferred_pfn = pgdat->first_deferred_pfn;
-	phys_addr_t spa, epa;
+	unsigned long spfn, epfn, flags;
+	unsigned long nr_pages = 0;
 	u64 i;
 
 	/* Only the last zone may have deferred pages */
@@ -1644,37 +1724,23 @@  static int __init deferred_init_memmap(void *data)
 		return true;
 	}
 
-	first_init_pfn = max(zone->zone_start_pfn, first_deferred_pfn);
-
-	if (first_init_pfn >= pgdat_end_pfn(pgdat)) {
+	/* If the zone is empty somebody else may have cleared out the zone */
+	if (!deferred_init_mem_pfn_range_in_zone(&i, zone, &spfn, &epfn,
+						 first_deferred_pfn)) {
 		pgdat_resize_unlock(pgdat, &flags);
-		return false;
+		return true;
 	}
 
-	for_each_free_mem_range(i, nid, MEMBLOCK_NONE, &spa, &epa, NULL) {
-		spfn = max_t(unsigned long, first_init_pfn, PFN_UP(spa));
-		epfn = min_t(unsigned long, zone_end_pfn(zone), PFN_DOWN(epa));
-
-		while (spfn < epfn && nr_pages < nr_pages_needed) {
-			t = ALIGN(spfn + PAGES_PER_SECTION, PAGES_PER_SECTION);
-			first_deferred_pfn = min(t, epfn);
-			nr_pages += deferred_init_pages(zone, spfn,
-							first_deferred_pfn);
-			spfn = first_deferred_pfn;
-		}
-
-		if (nr_pages >= nr_pages_needed)
-			break;
+	/*
+	 * Initialize and free pages in MAX_ORDER sized increments so
+	 * that we can avoid introducing any issues with the buddy
+	 * allocator.
+	 */
+	while (spfn < epfn && nr_pages < nr_pages_needed) {
+		nr_pages += deferred_init_maxorder(&i, zone, &spfn, &epfn);
+		first_deferred_pfn = spfn;
 	}
 
-	for_each_free_mem_range(i, nid, MEMBLOCK_NONE, &spa, &epa, NULL) {
-		spfn = max_t(unsigned long, first_init_pfn, PFN_UP(spa));
-		epfn = min_t(unsigned long, first_deferred_pfn, PFN_DOWN(epa));
-		deferred_free_pages(spfn, epfn);
-
-		if (first_deferred_pfn == epfn)
-			break;
-	}
 	pgdat->first_deferred_pfn = first_deferred_pfn;
 	pgdat_resize_unlock(pgdat, &flags);