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From: Niek Linnenbank <nieklinnenbank@gmail.com>
To: "Philippe Mathieu-Daudé" <philmd@redhat.com>
Cc: b.galvani@gmail.com, Peter Maydell <peter.maydell@linaro.org>,
	qemu-arm@nongnu.org, qemu-devel@nongnu.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH 02/10] hw: arm: add Xunlong Orange Pi PC machine
Date: Thu, 5 Dec 2019 23:15:41 +0100
Message-ID: <CAPan3WohBP_47h1ZPP12ZuyiY43B3B6tGFMH-sK=LAAjMbwpaA@mail.gmail.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <b14e5a75-ebe3-311e-60a8-3f71b0874a10@redhat.com>


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Hello Philippe,

On Tue, Dec 3, 2019 at 10:18 AM Philippe Mathieu-Daudé <philmd@redhat.com>
wrote:

> On 12/2/19 10:09 PM, Niek Linnenbank wrote:
> > The Xunlong Orange Pi PC is an Allwinner H3 System on Chip
> > based embedded computer with mainline support in both U-Boot
> > and Linux. The board comes with a Quad Core Cortex A7 @ 1.3GHz,
> > 512MB RAM, 100Mbit ethernet, USB, SD/MMC, USB, HDMI and
> > various other I/O. This commit add support for the Xunlong
> > Orange Pi PC machine.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Niek Linnenbank <nieklinnenbank@gmail.com>
> > ---
> >   MAINTAINERS          |  1 +
> >   hw/arm/Makefile.objs |  2 +-
> >   hw/arm/orangepi.c    | 90 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> >   3 files changed, 92 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
> >   create mode 100644 hw/arm/orangepi.c
> >
> > diff --git a/MAINTAINERS b/MAINTAINERS
> > index 29c9936037..42c913d6cb 100644
> > --- a/MAINTAINERS
> > +++ b/MAINTAINERS
> > @@ -485,6 +485,7 @@ L: qemu-arm@nongnu.org
> >   S: Maintained
> >   F: hw/*/allwinner-h3*
> >   F: include/hw/*/allwinner-h3*
> > +F: hw/arm/orangepi.c
> >
> >   ARM PrimeCell and CMSDK devices
> >   M: Peter Maydell <peter.maydell@linaro.org>
> > diff --git a/hw/arm/Makefile.objs b/hw/arm/Makefile.objs
> > index 956e496052..8d5ea453d5 100644
> > --- a/hw/arm/Makefile.objs
> > +++ b/hw/arm/Makefile.objs
> > @@ -34,7 +34,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_DIGIC) += digic.o
> >   obj-$(CONFIG_OMAP) += omap1.o omap2.o
> >   obj-$(CONFIG_STRONGARM) += strongarm.o
> >   obj-$(CONFIG_ALLWINNER_A10) += allwinner-a10.o cubieboard.o
> > -obj-$(CONFIG_ALLWINNER_H3) += allwinner-h3.o
> > +obj-$(CONFIG_ALLWINNER_H3) += allwinner-h3.o orangepi.o
> >   obj-$(CONFIG_RASPI) += bcm2835_peripherals.o bcm2836.o raspi.o
> >   obj-$(CONFIG_STM32F205_SOC) += stm32f205_soc.o
> >   obj-$(CONFIG_XLNX_ZYNQMP_ARM) += xlnx-zynqmp.o xlnx-zcu102.o
> > diff --git a/hw/arm/orangepi.c b/hw/arm/orangepi.c
> > new file mode 100644
> > index 0000000000..5ef2735f81
> > --- /dev/null
> > +++ b/hw/arm/orangepi.c
> > @@ -0,0 +1,90 @@
> > +/*
> > + * Orange Pi emulation
> > + *
> > + * Copyright (C) 2019 Niek Linnenbank <nieklinnenbank@gmail.com>
> > + *
> > + * This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
> > + * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
> > + * the Free Software Foundation, either version 2 of the License, or
> > + * (at your option) any later version.
> > + *
> > + * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
> > + * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
> > + * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
> > + * GNU General Public License for more details.
> > + *
> > + * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
> > + * along with this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/
> >.
> > + */
> > +
> > +#include "qemu/osdep.h"
> > +#include "exec/address-spaces.h"
> > +#include "qapi/error.h"
> > +#include "cpu.h"
> > +#include "hw/sysbus.h"
> > +#include "hw/boards.h"
> > +#include "hw/qdev-properties.h"
> > +#include "hw/arm/allwinner-h3.h"
> > +
> > +static struct arm_boot_info orangepi_binfo = {
> > +    .loader_start = AW_H3_SDRAM_BASE,
> > +    .board_id = -1,
> > +};
> > +
> > +typedef struct OrangePiState {
> > +    AwH3State *h3;
> > +    MemoryRegion sdram;
> > +} OrangePiState;
> > +
> > +static void orangepi_init(MachineState *machine)
> > +{
> > +    OrangePiState *s = g_new(OrangePiState, 1);
> > +    Error *err = NULL;
> > +
>
> Here I'd add:
>
>        if (strcmp(machine->cpu_type, ARM_CPU_TYPE_NAME("cortex-a7")) != 0)
> {
>            error_report("This board can only be used with cortex-a7 CPU");
>            exit(1);
>        }
>
> Done!

> +    s->h3 = AW_H3(object_new(TYPE_AW_H3));
> > +
> > +    /* Setup timer properties */
> > +    object_property_set_int(OBJECT(&s->h3->timer), 32768, "clk0-freq",
> &err);
> > +    if (err != NULL) {
> > +        error_reportf_err(err, "Couldn't set clk0 frequency: ");
> > +        exit(1);
> > +    }
> > +
> > +    object_property_set_int(OBJECT(&s->h3->timer), 24000000,
> "clk1-freq",
> > +                            &err);
> > +    if (err != NULL) {
> > +        error_reportf_err(err, "Couldn't set clk1 frequency: ");
> > +        exit(1);
> > +    }
> > +
> > +    /* Mark H3 object realized */
> > +    object_property_set_bool(OBJECT(s->h3), true, "realized", &err);
>
> I'm not sure if that's correct but I'd simply use &error_abort here.
>
> Done, I applied it to all the functions and removed the err variable.

> +    if (err != NULL) {
> > +        error_reportf_err(err, "Couldn't realize Allwinner H3: ");
> > +        exit(1);
> > +    }
> > +
> > +    /* RAM */
> > +    memory_region_allocate_system_memory(&s->sdram, NULL,
> "orangepi.ram",
> > +                                         machine->ram_size);
>
> I'd only allow machine->ram_size == 1 * GiB here, since the onboard DRAM
> is not upgradable.
>

Agree, we should add something for that. Would it be acceptable if we make
the 1GB an upper limit?
I see that the Raspberry Pi is doing that too in hw/arm/raspi.c, like so:

    if (machine->ram_size > 1 * GiB) {
        error_report("Requested ram size is too large for this machine: "
                     "maximum is 1GB");
        exit(1);
    }

I think it would be helpful to allow the flexibility to the user of
reducing the RAM to less than 1GB,
in case resources of the host OS are limited. What do you think?



> > +    memory_region_add_subregion(get_system_memory(), AW_H3_SDRAM_BASE,
> > +                                &s->sdram);
> > +
> > +    /* Load target kernel */
> > +    orangepi_binfo.ram_size = machine->ram_size;
> > +    orangepi_binfo.nb_cpus  = AW_H3_NUM_CPUS;
> > +    arm_load_kernel(ARM_CPU(first_cpu), machine, &orangepi_binfo);
> > +}
> > +
> > +static void orangepi_machine_init(MachineClass *mc)
> > +{
> > +    mc->desc = "Orange Pi PC";
> > +    mc->init = orangepi_init;
> > +    mc->units_per_default_bus = 1;
> > +    mc->min_cpus = AW_H3_NUM_CPUS;
> > +    mc->max_cpus = AW_H3_NUM_CPUS;
> > +    mc->default_cpus = AW_H3_NUM_CPUS;
>
>         mc->default_cpu_type = ARM_CPU_TYPE_NAME("cortex-a7");
>
> > +    mc->ignore_memory_transaction_failures = true;
>
> You should not use this flag in new design. See the documentation in
> include/hw/boards.h:
>
>   * @ignore_memory_transaction_failures:
>   *    [...] New board models
>   *    should instead use "unimplemented-device" for all memory ranges
> where
>   *    the guest will attempt to probe for a device that QEMU doesn't
>   *    implement and a stub device is required.
>
> You already use the "unimplemented-device".
>
> Thanks, I'm working on this now. I think that at least I'll need to add
all of the devices mentioned in the 4.1 Memory Mapping chapter of the
datasheet
as an unimplemented device. Previously I only added some that I thought
were relevant.

I added all the missing devices as unimplemented and removed the
ignore_memory_transaction_failures flag
from the machine. Now it seems Linux gets a data abort while probing the
uart1 serial device at 0x01c28400,
so I'll need to debug it further. I'll post back when I have more results.

Regards,
Niek



> > +}
> > +
> > +DEFINE_MACHINE("orangepi", orangepi_machine_init)
>
> Can you name it 'orangepi-pc'? So we can add other orangepi models.
>
> Thanks,
>
> Phil.
>
>

-- 
Niek Linnenbank

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  parent reply index

Thread overview: 67+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-12-02 21:09 [PATCH 00/10] Add Allwinner H3 SoC and Orange Pi PC Machine Niek Linnenbank
2019-12-02 21:09 ` [PATCH 01/10] hw: arm: add Allwinner H3 System-on-Chip Niek Linnenbank
2019-12-04 16:53   ` Philippe Mathieu-Daudé
2019-12-04 20:44     ` Niek Linnenbank
2019-12-10  9:02   ` Philippe Mathieu-Daudé
2019-12-10 19:17     ` Niek Linnenbank
2019-12-02 21:09 ` [PATCH 02/10] hw: arm: add Xunlong Orange Pi PC machine Niek Linnenbank
2019-12-03  9:17   ` Philippe Mathieu-Daudé
2019-12-03 19:33     ` Niek Linnenbank
2019-12-04  9:03       ` Philippe Mathieu-Daudé
2019-12-04 19:50         ` Niek Linnenbank
2019-12-05 22:15     ` Niek Linnenbank [this message]
2019-12-06  5:41       ` Philippe Mathieu-Daudé
2019-12-06 22:15         ` Niek Linnenbank
2019-12-10  8:59           ` Philippe Mathieu-Daudé
2019-12-10 19:14             ` Niek Linnenbank
2019-12-02 21:09 ` [PATCH 03/10] arm: allwinner-h3: add Clock Control Unit Niek Linnenbank
2019-12-13  0:03   ` Philippe Mathieu-Daudé
2019-12-02 21:09 ` [PATCH 04/10] arm: allwinner-h3: add USB host controller Niek Linnenbank
2019-12-04 16:11   ` Aleksandar Markovic
2019-12-04 20:20     ` Niek Linnenbank
2019-12-10  7:56   ` Philippe Mathieu-Daudé
2019-12-10  8:29     ` Gerd Hoffmann
2019-12-10 19:11       ` Niek Linnenbank
2019-12-02 21:09 ` [PATCH 05/10] arm: allwinner-h3: add System Control module Niek Linnenbank
2019-12-13  0:09   ` Philippe Mathieu-Daudé
2019-12-15 23:27     ` Niek Linnenbank
2019-12-16  0:17       ` Philippe Mathieu-Daudé
2019-12-02 21:09 ` [PATCH 06/10] arm/arm-powerctl: set NSACR.{CP11, CP10} bits in arm_set_cpu_on() Niek Linnenbank
2019-12-06 14:24   ` Peter Maydell
2019-12-06 20:01     ` Niek Linnenbank
2019-12-13 20:52       ` Niek Linnenbank
2019-12-02 21:09 ` [PATCH 07/10] arm: allwinner-h3: add CPU Configuration module Niek Linnenbank
2019-12-02 21:09 ` [PATCH 08/10] arm: allwinner-h3: add Security Identifier device Niek Linnenbank
2019-12-06 14:27   ` Peter Maydell
2019-12-06 16:35     ` Philippe Mathieu-Daudé
2019-12-06 20:20       ` Niek Linnenbank
2019-12-02 21:09 ` [PATCH 09/10] arm: allwinner-h3: add SD/MMC host controller Niek Linnenbank
2019-12-11 22:34   ` Niek Linnenbank
2019-12-12 23:56     ` Philippe Mathieu-Daudé
2019-12-13 21:00       ` Niek Linnenbank
2019-12-14 13:59         ` Philippe Mathieu-Daudé
2019-12-14 20:32           ` Niek Linnenbank
2019-12-15 23:07       ` Niek Linnenbank
2019-12-16  0:14         ` Philippe Mathieu-Daudé
2019-12-16 19:46           ` Niek Linnenbank
2019-12-16 21:28             ` Philippe Mathieu-Daudé
2019-12-02 21:09 ` [PATCH 10/10] arm: allwinner-h3: add EMAC ethernet device Niek Linnenbank
2019-12-03  9:33   ` KONRAD Frederic
2019-12-03 19:41     ` Niek Linnenbank
2019-12-04 15:14     ` Philippe Mathieu-Daudé
2019-12-04 15:22       ` KONRAD Frederic
2019-12-03  8:47 ` [PATCH 00/10] Add Allwinner H3 SoC and Orange Pi PC Machine Philippe Mathieu-Daudé
2019-12-03 19:25   ` Niek Linnenbank
2019-12-10  8:40     ` Philippe Mathieu-Daudé
2019-12-09 21:37   ` Niek Linnenbank
2019-12-10  8:26     ` Philippe Mathieu-Daudé
2019-12-10 20:12       ` Niek Linnenbank
2019-12-12 23:07         ` Niek Linnenbank
2019-12-12 23:25           ` Philippe Mathieu-Daudé
2019-12-13 20:45             ` Niek Linnenbank
2019-12-03  9:02 ` Philippe Mathieu-Daudé
2019-12-03 19:32   ` Niek Linnenbank
2019-12-06 14:16     ` Peter Maydell
2019-12-09 22:24       ` Aleksandar Markovic
2019-12-10 10:34 ` KONRAD Frederic
2019-12-10 19:55   ` Niek Linnenbank

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