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From: "wangyanan (Y)" <wangyanan55@huawei.com>
To: Andrew Jones <drjones@redhat.com>
Cc: "Barry Song" <song.bao.hua@hisilicon.com>,
	"Peter Maydell" <peter.maydell@linaro.org>,
	"Daniel P. Berrangé" <berrange@redhat.com>,
	ehabkost@redhat.com, "Michael S . Tsirkin" <mst@redhat.com>,
	wanghaibin.wang@huawei.com, qemu-devel@nongnu.org,
	"Shannon Zhao" <shannon.zhaosl@gmail.com>,
	"Igor Mammedov" <imammedo@redhat.com>,
	"Alistair Francis" <alistair.francis@wdc.com>,
	prime.zeng@hisilicon.com, yangyicong@huawei.com,
	yuzenghui@huawei.com, "Paolo Bonzini" <pbonzini@redhat.com>,
	"David Gibson" <david@gibson.dropbear.id.au>
Subject: Re: [RFC PATCH v4 0/7] hw/arm/virt: Introduce cpu topology support
Date: Wed, 30 Jun 2021 17:37:42 +0800	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <a59de067-36aa-6562-36e2-eae7c4a3457f@huawei.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20210630083011.neycb222b7vinfvs@gator.home>

On 2021/6/30 16:30, Andrew Jones wrote:
> On Wed, Jun 30, 2021 at 02:36:31PM +0800, wangyanan (Y) wrote:
>> Hi Drew, Igor,
>> I have a question below, hope for some explanation... :)
>> I'm trying to rearrange the smp_parse() helper to make it more scalable.
>> But I wonder why we are currently using maxcpus to calculate the missing
>> sockets while using *cpus* to calculate the missing cores and threads?
>> This makes the following cmdlines work fine,
>> -smp cpus=8,maxcpus=12  <==>  -smp
>> cpus=8,maxcpus=12,sockets=12,cores=1,threads=1
>> -smp cpus=8,maxcpus=12,cores=6  <==>  -smp
>> cpus=8,maxcpus=12,sockets=2,cores=6,threads=1
>> -smp cpus=8,maxcpus=12,threads=2  <==>  -smp
>> cpus=8,maxcpus=12,sockets=6,cores=1,threads=2
>> but the following ones break the invalid CPU topology check:
>> -smp cpus=8,maxcpus=12,sockets=2  <==>  -smp
>> cpus=8,maxcpus=12,sockets=2,cores=4,threads=1
>> -smp cpus=8,maxcpus=12,sockets=4,threads=1  <==>  -smp
>> cpus=8,maxcpus=12,sockets=4,cores=2,threads=1
>> -smp maxcpus=12  <==>  -smp cpus=1,maxcpus=12,sockets=1,cores=1,threads=1
>> -smp maxcpus=12,sockets=2  <==>  -smp
>> cpus=2,maxcpus=12,sockets=2,cores=1,threads=1
>> IMO we should uniformly use maxcpus to calculate the missing sockets
>> also cores and threads, which will allow all the above cmdlines work.
>> Or maybe I missed something? I read the related discussion in [1] but
>> didn't get an unambiguous conclusion.
>> [1] https://patchwork.kernel.org/project/qemu-devel/patch/1535553121-80352-1-git-send-email-imammedo@redhat.com/
> I agree that maxcpus should be used for all calculations.
Thanks. From my view uniformly using maxcpus to calculate the missing
values won't break any existing working cmdlines, but will allow some now
being invalid and incomplete cmdlines to be valid. I will use maxcpus and
test the parser for all possible parameter collections.
> I think we need
> to write -smp parsing from scratch using a set of clean requirements and
> then use the machine compat stuff to switch to it. And also properly
> document it with something like "Since 6.2..."
I agree to rewrite the -smp parsing. But what's the meaning of clean 
Sorry I didn't get it.

>> Regards,
>> Yanan
>> .
>> On 2021/6/28 16:58, Andrew Jones wrote:
>>> On Mon, Jun 28, 2021 at 04:43:05PM +0800, wangyanan (Y) wrote:
>>>> Hi,
>>>> On 2021/6/23 1:39, Daniel P. Berrangé wrote:
>>>>> On Tue, Jun 22, 2021 at 07:29:34PM +0200, Andrew Jones wrote:
>>>>>> On Tue, Jun 22, 2021 at 06:14:25PM +0100, Daniel P. Berrangé wrote:
>>>>>>> On Tue, Jun 22, 2021 at 05:40:13PM +0200, Igor Mammedov wrote:
>>>>>>>> On Tue, 22 Jun 2021 16:29:15 +0200
>>>>>>>> Andrew Jones <drjones@redhat.com> wrote:
>>>>>>>>> On Tue, Jun 22, 2021 at 03:10:57PM +0100, Daniel P. Berrangé wrote:
>>>>>>>>>> On Tue, Jun 22, 2021 at 10:04:52PM +0800, wangyanan (Y) wrote:
>>>>>>>>>>> Hi Daniel,
>>>>>>>>>>> On 2021/6/22 20:41, Daniel P. Berrangé wrote:
>>>>>>>>>>>> On Tue, Jun 22, 2021 at 08:31:22PM +0800, wangyanan (Y) wrote:
>>>>>>>>>>>>> On 2021/6/22 19:46, Andrew Jones wrote:
>>>>>>>>>>>>>> On Tue, Jun 22, 2021 at 11:18:09AM +0100, Daniel P. Berrangé wrote:
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> On Tue, Jun 22, 2021 at 05:34:06PM +0800, Yanan Wang wrote:
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> Hi,
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> This is v4 of the series [1] that I posted to introduce support for
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> generating cpu topology descriptions to guest. Comments are welcome!
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> Description:
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> Once the view of an accurate virtual cpu topology is provided to guest,
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> with a well-designed vCPU pinning to the pCPU we may get a huge benefit,
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> e.g., the scheduling performance improvement. See Dario Faggioli's
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> research and the related performance tests in [2] for reference. So here
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> we go, this patch series introduces cpu topology support for ARM platform.
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> In this series, instead of quietly enforcing the support for the latest
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> machine type, a new parameter "expose=on|off" in -smp command line is
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> introduced to leave QEMU users a choice to decide whether to enable the
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> feature or not. This will allow the feature to work on different machine
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> types and also ideally compat with already in-use -smp command lines.
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> Also we make much stricter requirement for the topology configuration
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> with "expose=on".
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> Seeing this 'expose=on' parameter feels to me like we're adding a
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> "make-it-work=yes" parameter. IMHO this is just something that should
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> be done by default for the current machine type version and beyond.
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> I don't see the need for a parameter to turnthis on, especially since
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> it is being made architecture specific.
>>>>>>>>>>>>>> I agree.
>>>>>>>>>>>>>> Yanan, we never discussed an "expose" parameter in the previous versions
>>>>>>>>>>>>>> of this series. We discussed a "strict" parameter though, which would
>>>>>>>>>>>>>> allow existing command lines to "work" using assumptions of what the user
>>>>>>>>>>>>>> meant and strict=on users to get what they mean or an error saying that
>>>>>>>>>>>>>> they asked for something that won't work or would require unreasonable
>>>>>>>>>>>>>> assumptions. Why was this changed to an "expose" parameter?
>>>>>>>>>>>>> Yes, we indeed discuss a new "strict" parameter but not a "expose" in v2 [1]
>>>>>>>>>>>>> of this series.
>>>>>>>>>>>>> [1] https://patchwork.kernel.org/project/qemu-devel/patch/20210413080745.33004-6-wangyanan55@huawei.com/
>>>>>>>>>>>>> And in the discussion, we hoped things would work like below with "strict"
>>>>>>>>>>>>> parameter:
>>>>>>>>>>>>> Users who want to describe cpu topology should provide cmdline like
>>>>>>>>>>>>> -smp strict=on,cpus=4,sockets=2,cores=2,threads=1
>>>>>>>>>>>>> and in this case we require an more accurate -smp configuration and
>>>>>>>>>>>>> then generate the cpu topology description through ACPI/DT.
>>>>>>>>>>>>> While without a strict description, no cpu topology description would
>>>>>>>>>>>>> be generated, so they get nothing through ACPI/DT.
>>>>>>>>>>>>> It seems to me that the "strict" parameter actually serves as a knob to
>>>>>>>>>>>>> turn on/off the exposure of topology, and this is the reason I changed
>>>>>>>>>>>>> the name.
>>>>>>>>>>>> Yes, the use of 'strict=on' is no better than expose=on IMHO.
>>>>>>>>>>>> If I give QEMU a cli
>>>>>>>>>>>>       -smp cpus=4,sockets=2,cores=2,threads=1
>>>>>>>>>>>> then I expect that topology to be exposed to the guest. I shouldn't
>>>>>>>>>>>> have to add extra flags to make that happen.
>>>>>>>>>>>> Looking at the thread, it seems the concern was around the fact that
>>>>>>>>>>>> the settings were not honoured historically and thus the CLI values
>>>>>>>>>>>> could be garbage. ie  -smp cpus=4,sockets=8,cores=3,thread=9
>>>>>>>>>>> This "-smp cpus=4,sockets=8,cores=3,threads=9" behaviors as a wrong
>>>>>>>>>>> configuration, and the parsing function already report error for this case.
>>>>>>>>>>> We hope more complete config like "-smp 4,sockets=2,cores=2,threads=1"
>>>>>>>>>>> for exposure of topology, and the incomplete ones like "-smp 4,sockets=1"
>>>>>>>>>>> or "-smp 4, cores=1" are not acceptable any more because we are starting
>>>>>>>>>>> to expose the topology.
>>>>>>>>>> Incomplete specified topologies *are* acceptable.
>>>>>>>>>> The smp_parse method will automatically fill in any missing values.
>>>>>>>>>> ie,
>>>>>>>>>>      -smp 4,cores=1
>>>>>>>>>>      -smp cores=1
>>>>>>>>>>      -smp threads=1
>>>>>>>>>>      -smp sockets=4
>>>>>>>>>> are all functionally identical to
>>>>>>>>>>      -smp 4,sockets=4,cores=1,dies=1,threads=1
>>>>>>>>>> The QEMU man page says this explicitly
>>>>>>>>>>                     For the PC target, the number of cores per die, the
>>>>>>>>>>        number of threads per cores, the number of dies per packages and the
>>>>>>>>>>        total number of sockets can be specified. Missing values will be
>>>>>>>>>>        computed. If any on the three values is given, the total number of
>>>>>>>>>>        CPUs n can be omitted.
>>>>>>>>> It doesn't say how it will compute them though, which for the default
>>>>>>>>> smp_parse and for x86 is to prefer sockets over cores over threads.
>>>>>>>>> That's not necessarily what the user expects. IMO, we need a 'strict=on'
>>>>>>>>> parameter that doesn't allow any collection of smp parameters which
>>>>>>>>> require unreasonable assumptions. Reasonable assumptions are threads=1,
>>>>>>>>> when threads is not specified and the rest of the math adds up. Also,
>>>>>>>>> maxcpus == cpus when maxcpus isn't specified is reasonable. But, it's not
>>>>>>>>> as reasonable to decide how to divide cores among sockets or to assume
>>>>>>>>> threads=1 when only sockets and cores are given. How do we know the user
>>>>>>>>> didn't forget to specify threads if we can't check the math?
>>>>>>>> or just outlaw all invalid topologies incl. incomplete by default
>>>>>>>> (without requiring extra option), and permit them only for old machine
>>>>>>>> types ()using compat machinery) without topo info provided to guest.
>>>>>>>> And maybe later deprecate invalid topologies altogether.
>>>>>>> This feels like it is creating pain for users to fix a problem that
>>>>>>> isn't shown to actually be causing any common issues.
>>>>>>> We've supposed that users are having problems when forgetting to
>>>>>>> specify "threads" and not having the compute value be desirable,
>>>>>>> but where are the bug reports to back this up ?
>>>>>>> The partial topologies are valid and have well defined semantics.
>>>>>>> Those semantics may not match everyone's preference, but that
>>>>>>> doesn't make them invalid.
>>>>>> If we adopt the [undocumented] semantics of x86 for arm, then we may
>>>>>> surprise some users that expect e.g. '-smp 16' to give them a single
>>>>>> socket with 16 cores, because they'll start getting 16 sockets with 1
>>>>>> core each. That's because if we don't describe a topology to an arm linux
>>>>>> guest then it assumes cores. Maybe we shouldn't worry about this, but I'd
>>>>>> prefer we require explicit inputs from users and, if necessary, for them
>>>>>> to explicitly opt-in to requiring those explicit inputs.
>>>>> Even for x86, defaulting to maximising sockets over cores is sub-optimal.
>>>>> In real world x86 hardware it is very rare to have sockets > 2 or 4. For
>>>>> large CPU counts, you generally have large cores-per-socket counts on x86.
>>>>> The QEMU preference for sockets over cores on x86 (and PPC too IIUC)
>>>>> is a fairly arbitrary historical decision.
>>>>> It can cause problems with guest OS licensing because both Windows
>>>>> and RHEL have been known to charge differently for sockets vs cores,
>>>>> with high core counts being cheaper.
>>>>> We are not tied into the precise behaviour of the computed topology
>>>>> values, as we have no made any promises. All that's required is that
>>>>> we keep ABI compat for existing machine types.
>>>> If based on this point of view that we haven't made any promises for the
>>>> precise behavior of the computed topology, things may get much easier.
>>>> I have the following understanding (also a proposal):
>>>> We will introduce the support for exposing cpu topology since machine
>>>> type 6.2 and we will also describe the computed topology for the guest.
>>>> We will not make any stricter parsing logic, however the -smp content in
>>>> qemu-options.hx should be rearranged to clearly explain how the missing
>>>> values will exactly be computed. And this is what QEMU is responsible for.
>>>> We know that a well designed cpu topology configuration can gain much
>>>> benefit for the guest, while a badly designed one will also probably cause
>>>> negative impact. But the users should be responsible for the design of the
>>>> -smp cmdlines. If they are using an incomplete cmdline for a 6.2 machine,
>>>> then they should have known what the computed values will be and that
>>>> the computed topology will be exposed to the guest.
>>>>> So we could decide to change the computed topology so that it prefers
>>>>> high core counts, over sockets, whem using new machine types only.
>>>>> That would seem to benefit all arches, by making QEMU more reflective
>>>>> of real world CPUs topology.
>>>> If we really decide to prefer cores over sockets over threads for new
>>>> machine
>>>> types, then I think we should also record this change in qemu-option.hx.
>>> I agree. The proposal sounds good to me. I'd like to hear Eduardo's
>>> opinion too (CC'ed).
>>> Thanks,
>>> drew
>>> .
> .

  reply	other threads:[~2021-06-30  9:38 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 34+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-06-22  9:34 Yanan Wang
2021-06-22  9:34 ` [RFC PATCH v4 1/7] vl: Add expose=on|off option support in -smp command line Yanan Wang
2021-06-22  9:34 ` [RFC PATCH v4 2/7] hw/arm/virt: Add separate -smp parsing function for ARM machines Yanan Wang
2021-06-22  9:34 ` [RFC PATCH v4 3/7] machine: disallow -smp expose=on for non-ARM machines Yanan Wang
2021-06-22  9:34 ` [RFC PATCH v4 4/7] device_tree: Add qemu_fdt_add_path Yanan Wang
2021-06-22  9:34 ` [RFC PATCH v4 5/7] hw/arm/virt: Add cpu-map to device tree Yanan Wang
2021-06-22  9:34 ` [RFC PATCH v4 6/7] hw/acpi/aml-build: Add Processor hierarchy node structure Yanan Wang
2021-06-22  9:34 ` [RFC PATCH v4 7/7] hw/acpi/aml-build: Generate PPTT table Yanan Wang
2021-06-22 10:18 ` [RFC PATCH v4 0/7] hw/arm/virt: Introduce cpu topology support Daniel P. Berrangé
2021-06-22 11:46   ` Andrew Jones
2021-06-22 12:31     ` wangyanan (Y)
2021-06-22 12:41       ` Daniel P. Berrangé
2021-06-22 14:04         ` wangyanan (Y)
2021-06-22 14:10           ` Daniel P. Berrangé
2021-06-22 14:15             ` Peter Maydell
2021-06-22 14:28               ` Daniel P. Berrangé
2021-06-28 11:14                 ` wangyanan (Y)
2021-06-28 11:31                   ` Daniel P. Berrangé
2021-06-28 11:53                     ` wangyanan (Y)
2021-06-22 14:29             ` Andrew Jones
2021-06-22 15:15               ` Daniel P. Berrangé
2021-06-22 15:40               ` Igor Mammedov
2021-06-22 17:08                 ` Andrew Jones
2021-06-22 17:14                 ` Daniel P. Berrangé
2021-06-22 17:29                   ` Andrew Jones
2021-06-22 17:39                     ` Daniel P. Berrangé
2021-06-28  8:43                       ` wangyanan (Y)
2021-06-28  8:58                         ` Andrew Jones
2021-06-28 10:48                           ` wangyanan (Y)
2021-06-30  6:36                           ` wangyanan (Y)
2021-06-30  8:30                             ` Andrew Jones
2021-06-30  9:37                               ` wangyanan (Y) [this message]
2021-06-30 11:56                                 ` Andrew Jones
2021-07-01  6:15                                   ` wangyanan (Y)

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