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From: "Paul E. McKenney" <paulmck@kernel.org>
To: rcu@vger.kernel.org
Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, kernel-team@fb.com,
	mingo@kernel.org, jiangshanlai@gmail.com, dipankar@in.ibm.com,
	akpm@linux-foundation.org, mathieu.desnoyers@efficios.com,
	josh@joshtriplett.org, tglx@linutronix.de, peterz@infradead.org,
	rostedt@goodmis.org, dhowells@redhat.com, edumazet@google.com,
	fweisbec@gmail.com, oleg@redhat.com, joel@joelfernandes.org
Subject: [PATCH tip/core/rcu] Enable tick for nohz_full CPUs not responding to expedited GP
Date: Wed, 4 Dec 2019 15:25:44 -0800
Message-ID: <20191204232544.GA17061@paulmck-ThinkPad-P72> (raw)

rcu: Enable tick for nohz_full CPUs slow to provide expedited QS

An expedited grace period can be stalled by a nohz_full CPU looping
in kernel context.  This possibility is currently handled by some
carefully crafted checks in rcu_read_unlock_special() that enlist help
from ksoftirqd when permitted by the scheduler.  However, it is exactly
these checks that require the scheduler avoid holding any of its rq or
pi locks across rcu_read_unlock() without also having held them across
the entire RCU read-side critical section.

It would therefore be very nice if expedited grace periods could
handle nohz_full CPUs looping in kernel context without such checks.
This commit therefore adds code to the expedited grace period's wait
and cleanup code that forces the scheduler-clock interrupt on for CPUs
that fail to quickly supply a quiescent state.  "Quickly" is currently
a hard-coded single-jiffy delay.

Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@kernel.org>

---

This is needed to avoid rcu_read_unlock_special() needing to enter
the scheduler for the benefit of expedited grace periods on nohz_full
CPUs, thus enabling more of Lai Jiangshan's patchset.

diff --git a/include/linux/tick.h b/include/linux/tick.h
index 4ed788c..72a2a21 100644
--- a/include/linux/tick.h
+++ b/include/linux/tick.h
@@ -109,9 +109,10 @@ enum tick_dep_bits {
 	TICK_DEP_BIT_PERF_EVENTS	= 1,
 	TICK_DEP_BIT_SCHED		= 2,
 	TICK_DEP_BIT_CLOCK_UNSTABLE	= 3,
-	TICK_DEP_BIT_RCU		= 4
+	TICK_DEP_BIT_RCU		= 4,
+	TICK_DEP_BIT_RCU_EXP		= 5
 };
-#define TICK_DEP_BIT_MAX TICK_DEP_BIT_RCU
+#define TICK_DEP_BIT_MAX TICK_DEP_BIT_RCU_EXP
 
 #define TICK_DEP_MASK_NONE		0
 #define TICK_DEP_MASK_POSIX_TIMER	(1 << TICK_DEP_BIT_POSIX_TIMER)
@@ -119,6 +120,7 @@ enum tick_dep_bits {
 #define TICK_DEP_MASK_SCHED		(1 << TICK_DEP_BIT_SCHED)
 #define TICK_DEP_MASK_CLOCK_UNSTABLE	(1 << TICK_DEP_BIT_CLOCK_UNSTABLE)
 #define TICK_DEP_MASK_RCU		(1 << TICK_DEP_BIT_RCU)
+#define TICK_DEP_MASK_RCU_EXP		(1 << TICK_DEP_BIT_RCU_EXP)
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ_COMMON
 extern bool tick_nohz_enabled;
diff --git a/kernel/rcu/tree.h b/kernel/rcu/tree.h
index 634c1db..0c87e4c 100644
--- a/kernel/rcu/tree.h
+++ b/kernel/rcu/tree.h
@@ -181,6 +181,7 @@ struct rcu_data {
 	bool rcu_need_heavy_qs;		/* GP old, so heavy quiescent state! */
 	bool rcu_urgent_qs;		/* GP old need light quiescent state. */
 	bool rcu_forced_tick;		/* Forced tick to provide QS. */
+	bool rcu_forced_tick_exp;	/*   ... provide QS to expedited GP. */
 #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_FAST_NO_HZ
 	unsigned long last_accelerate;	/* Last jiffy CBs were accelerated. */
 	unsigned long last_advance_all;	/* Last jiffy CBs were all advanced. */
diff --git a/kernel/rcu/tree_exp.h b/kernel/rcu/tree_exp.h
index 726ba20..6935a9e 100644
--- a/kernel/rcu/tree_exp.h
+++ b/kernel/rcu/tree_exp.h
@@ -230,7 +230,9 @@ static void __maybe_unused rcu_report_exp_rnp(struct rcu_node *rnp, bool wake)
 static void rcu_report_exp_cpu_mult(struct rcu_node *rnp,
 				    unsigned long mask, bool wake)
 {
+	int cpu;
 	unsigned long flags;
+	struct rcu_data *rdp;
 
 	raw_spin_lock_irqsave_rcu_node(rnp, flags);
 	if (!(rnp->expmask & mask)) {
@@ -238,6 +240,13 @@ static void rcu_report_exp_cpu_mult(struct rcu_node *rnp,
 		return;
 	}
 	WRITE_ONCE(rnp->expmask, rnp->expmask & ~mask);
+	for_each_leaf_node_cpu_mask(rnp, cpu, mask) {
+		rdp = per_cpu_ptr(&rcu_data, cpu);
+		if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NO_HZ_FULL) || !rdp->rcu_forced_tick_exp)
+			continue;
+		rdp->rcu_forced_tick_exp = false;
+		tick_dep_clear_cpu(cpu, TICK_DEP_BIT_RCU_EXP);
+	}
 	__rcu_report_exp_rnp(rnp, wake, flags); /* Releases rnp->lock. */
 }
 
@@ -450,6 +459,26 @@ static void sync_rcu_exp_select_cpus(void)
 }
 
 /*
+ * Wait for the expedited grace period to elapse, within time limit.
+ * If the time limit is exceeded without the grace period elapsing,
+ * return false, otherwise return true.
+ */
+static bool synchronize_rcu_expedited_wait_once(long tlimit)
+{
+	int t;
+	struct rcu_node *rnp_root = rcu_get_root();
+
+	t = swait_event_timeout_exclusive(rcu_state.expedited_wq,
+					  sync_rcu_exp_done_unlocked(rnp_root),
+					  tlimit);
+	// Workqueues should not be signaled.
+	if (t > 0 || sync_rcu_exp_done_unlocked(rnp_root))
+		return true;
+	WARN_ON(t < 0);  /* workqueues should not be signaled. */
+	return false;
+}
+
+/*
  * Wait for the expedited grace period to elapse, issuing any needed
  * RCU CPU stall warnings along the way.
  */
@@ -460,22 +489,31 @@ static void synchronize_rcu_expedited_wait(void)
 	unsigned long jiffies_start;
 	unsigned long mask;
 	int ndetected;
+	struct rcu_data *rdp;
 	struct rcu_node *rnp;
 	struct rcu_node *rnp_root = rcu_get_root();
-	int ret;
 
 	trace_rcu_exp_grace_period(rcu_state.name, rcu_exp_gp_seq_endval(), TPS("startwait"));
 	jiffies_stall = rcu_jiffies_till_stall_check();
 	jiffies_start = jiffies;
+	if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NO_HZ_FULL)) {
+		if (synchronize_rcu_expedited_wait_once(1))
+			return;
+		rcu_for_each_leaf_node(rnp) {
+			for_each_leaf_node_cpu_mask(rnp, cpu, rnp->expmask) {
+				rdp = per_cpu_ptr(&rcu_data, cpu);
+				if (rdp->rcu_forced_tick_exp)
+					continue;
+				rdp->rcu_forced_tick_exp = true;
+				tick_dep_set_cpu(cpu, TICK_DEP_BIT_RCU_EXP);
+			}
+		}
+		WARN_ON_ONCE(1);
+	}
 
 	for (;;) {
-		ret = swait_event_timeout_exclusive(
-				rcu_state.expedited_wq,
-				sync_rcu_exp_done_unlocked(rnp_root),
-				jiffies_stall);
-		if (ret > 0 || sync_rcu_exp_done_unlocked(rnp_root))
+		if (synchronize_rcu_expedited_wait_once(jiffies_stall))
 			return;
-		WARN_ON(ret < 0);  /* workqueues should not be signaled. */
 		if (rcu_cpu_stall_suppress)
 			continue;
 		panic_on_rcu_stall();

             reply index

Thread overview: 3+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-12-04 23:25 Paul E. McKenney [this message]
2019-12-06  1:41 ` Joel Fernandes
2019-12-06  3:10   ` Paul E. McKenney

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