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From: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
To: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, stable@vger.kernel.org
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>,
	Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>,
	John Fastabend <john.fastabend@gmail.com>,
	Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>,
	Frank van der Linden <fllinden@amazon.com>
Subject: [PATCH 4.14 31/47] bpf: Improve verifier error messages for users
Date: Tue,  8 Jun 2021 20:27:14 +0200
Message-ID: <20210608175931.498244783@linuxfoundation.org> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20210608175930.477274100@linuxfoundation.org>

From: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>

commit a6aaece00a57fa6f22575364b3903dfbccf5345d upstream.

Consolidate all error handling and provide more user-friendly error messages
from sanitize_ptr_alu() and sanitize_val_alu().

Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
Reviewed-by: John Fastabend <john.fastabend@gmail.com>
Acked-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
[fllinden@amazon.com: backport to 4.14]
Signed-off-by: Frank van der Linden <fllinden@amazon.com>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
---
 kernel/bpf/verifier.c |   84 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------------
 1 file changed, 62 insertions(+), 22 deletions(-)

--- a/kernel/bpf/verifier.c
+++ b/kernel/bpf/verifier.c
@@ -2024,6 +2024,14 @@ static struct bpf_insn_aux_data *cur_aux
 	return &env->insn_aux_data[env->insn_idx];
 }
 
+enum {
+	REASON_BOUNDS	= -1,
+	REASON_TYPE	= -2,
+	REASON_PATHS	= -3,
+	REASON_LIMIT	= -4,
+	REASON_STACK	= -5,
+};
+
 static int retrieve_ptr_limit(const struct bpf_reg_state *ptr_reg,
 			      const struct bpf_reg_state *off_reg,
 			      u32 *alu_limit, u8 opcode)
@@ -2035,7 +2043,7 @@ static int retrieve_ptr_limit(const stru
 
 	if (!tnum_is_const(off_reg->var_off) &&
 	    (off_reg->smin_value < 0) != (off_reg->smax_value < 0))
-		return -EACCES;
+		return REASON_BOUNDS;
 
 	switch (ptr_reg->type) {
 	case PTR_TO_STACK:
@@ -2059,11 +2067,11 @@ static int retrieve_ptr_limit(const stru
 		}
 		break;
 	default:
-		return -EINVAL;
+		return REASON_TYPE;
 	}
 
 	if (ptr_limit >= max)
-		return -ERANGE;
+		return REASON_LIMIT;
 	*alu_limit = ptr_limit;
 	return 0;
 }
@@ -2083,7 +2091,7 @@ static int update_alu_sanitation_state(s
 	if (aux->alu_state &&
 	    (aux->alu_state != alu_state ||
 	     aux->alu_limit != alu_limit))
-		return -EACCES;
+		return REASON_PATHS;
 
 	/* Corresponding fixup done in fixup_bpf_calls(). */
 	aux->alu_state = alu_state;
@@ -2156,7 +2164,46 @@ do_sim:
 	ret = push_stack(env, env->insn_idx + 1, env->insn_idx, true);
 	if (!ptr_is_dst_reg && ret)
 		*dst_reg = tmp;
-	return !ret ? -EFAULT : 0;
+	return !ret ? REASON_STACK : 0;
+}
+
+static int sanitize_err(struct bpf_verifier_env *env,
+			const struct bpf_insn *insn, int reason,
+			const struct bpf_reg_state *off_reg,
+			const struct bpf_reg_state *dst_reg)
+{
+	static const char *err = "pointer arithmetic with it prohibited for !root";
+	const char *op = BPF_OP(insn->code) == BPF_ADD ? "add" : "sub";
+	u32 dst = insn->dst_reg, src = insn->src_reg;
+
+	switch (reason) {
+	case REASON_BOUNDS:
+		verbose("R%d has unknown scalar with mixed signed bounds, %s\n",
+			off_reg == dst_reg ? dst : src, err);
+		break;
+	case REASON_TYPE:
+		verbose("R%d has pointer with unsupported alu operation, %s\n",
+			off_reg == dst_reg ? src : dst, err);
+		break;
+	case REASON_PATHS:
+		verbose("R%d tried to %s from different maps, paths or scalars, %s\n",
+			dst, op, err);
+		break;
+	case REASON_LIMIT:
+		verbose("R%d tried to %s beyond pointer bounds, %s\n",
+			dst, op, err);
+		break;
+	case REASON_STACK:
+		verbose("R%d could not be pushed for speculative verification, %s\n",
+			dst, err);
+		break;
+	default:
+		verbose("verifier internal error: unknown reason (%d)\n",
+			reason);
+		break;
+	}
+
+	return -EACCES;
 }
 
 /* Handles arithmetic on a pointer and a scalar: computes new min/max and var_off.
@@ -2230,10 +2277,9 @@ static int adjust_ptr_min_max_vals(struc
 	switch (opcode) {
 	case BPF_ADD:
 		ret = sanitize_ptr_alu(env, insn, ptr_reg, off_reg, dst_reg);
-		if (ret < 0) {
-			verbose("R%d tried to add from different maps, paths, or prohibited types\n", dst);
-			return ret;
-		}
+		if (ret < 0)
+			return sanitize_err(env, insn, ret, off_reg, dst_reg);
+
 		/* We can take a fixed offset as long as it doesn't overflow
 		 * the s32 'off' field
 		 */
@@ -2285,10 +2331,9 @@ static int adjust_ptr_min_max_vals(struc
 		break;
 	case BPF_SUB:
 		ret = sanitize_ptr_alu(env, insn, ptr_reg, off_reg, dst_reg);
-		if (ret < 0) {
-			verbose("R%d tried to sub from different maps, paths, or prohibited types\n", dst);
-			return ret;
-		}
+		if (ret < 0)
+			return sanitize_err(env, insn, ret, off_reg, dst_reg);
+
 		if (dst_reg == off_reg) {
 			/* scalar -= pointer.  Creates an unknown scalar */
 			if (!env->allow_ptr_leaks)
@@ -2412,7 +2457,6 @@ static int adjust_scalar_min_max_vals(st
 	s64 smin_val, smax_val;
 	u64 umin_val, umax_val;
 	u64 insn_bitness = (BPF_CLASS(insn->code) == BPF_ALU64) ? 64 : 32;
-	u32 dst = insn->dst_reg;
 	int ret;
 
 	if (insn_bitness == 32) {
@@ -2449,10 +2493,8 @@ static int adjust_scalar_min_max_vals(st
 	switch (opcode) {
 	case BPF_ADD:
 		ret = sanitize_val_alu(env, insn);
-		if (ret < 0) {
-			verbose("R%d tried to add from different pointers or scalars\n", dst);
-			return ret;
-		}
+		if (ret < 0)
+			return sanitize_err(env, insn, ret, NULL, NULL);
 		if (signed_add_overflows(dst_reg->smin_value, smin_val) ||
 		    signed_add_overflows(dst_reg->smax_value, smax_val)) {
 			dst_reg->smin_value = S64_MIN;
@@ -2473,10 +2515,8 @@ static int adjust_scalar_min_max_vals(st
 		break;
 	case BPF_SUB:
 		ret = sanitize_val_alu(env, insn);
-		if (ret < 0) {
-			verbose("R%d tried to sub from different pointers or scalars\n", dst);
-			return ret;
-		}
+		if (ret < 0)
+			return sanitize_err(env, insn, ret, NULL, NULL);
 		if (signed_sub_overflows(dst_reg->smin_value, smax_val) ||
 		    signed_sub_overflows(dst_reg->smax_value, smin_val)) {
 			/* Overflow possible, we know nothing */



  parent reply index

Thread overview: 51+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-06-08 18:26 [PATCH 4.14 00/47] 4.14.236-rc1 review Greg Kroah-Hartman
2021-06-08 18:26 ` [PATCH 4.14 01/47] net: usb: cdc_ncm: dont spew notifications Greg Kroah-Hartman
2021-06-08 18:26 ` [PATCH 4.14 02/47] efi: Allow EFI_MEMORY_XP and EFI_MEMORY_RO both to be cleared Greg Kroah-Hartman
2021-06-08 18:26 ` [PATCH 4.14 03/47] efi: cper: fix snprintf() use in cper_dimm_err_location() Greg Kroah-Hartman
2021-06-08 18:26 ` [PATCH 4.14 04/47] vfio/pci: Fix error return code in vfio_ecap_init() Greg Kroah-Hartman
2021-06-08 18:26 ` [PATCH 4.14 05/47] vfio/pci: zap_vma_ptes() needs MMU Greg Kroah-Hartman
2021-06-08 18:26 ` [PATCH 4.14 06/47] vfio/platform: fix module_put call in error flow Greg Kroah-Hartman
2021-06-08 18:26 ` [PATCH 4.14 07/47] ipvs: ignore IP_VS_SVC_F_HASHED flag when adding service Greg Kroah-Hartman
2021-06-08 18:26 ` [PATCH 4.14 08/47] HID: pidff: fix error return code in hid_pidff_init() Greg Kroah-Hartman
2021-06-08 18:26 ` [PATCH 4.14 09/47] HID: i2c-hid: fix format string mismatch Greg Kroah-Hartman
2021-06-08 18:26 ` [PATCH 4.14 10/47] netfilter: nfnetlink_cthelper: hit EBUSY on updates if size mismatches Greg Kroah-Hartman
2021-06-08 18:26 ` [PATCH 4.14 11/47] ieee802154: fix error return code in ieee802154_add_iface() Greg Kroah-Hartman
2021-06-08 18:26 ` [PATCH 4.14 12/47] ieee802154: fix error return code in ieee802154_llsec_getparams() Greg Kroah-Hartman
2021-06-08 18:26 ` [PATCH 4.14 13/47] Bluetooth: fix the erroneous flush_work() order Greg Kroah-Hartman
2021-06-08 18:26 ` [PATCH 4.14 14/47] Bluetooth: use correct lock to prevent UAF of hdev object Greg Kroah-Hartman
2021-06-08 18:26 ` [PATCH 4.14 15/47] net: caif: added cfserl_release function Greg Kroah-Hartman
2021-06-08 18:26 ` [PATCH 4.14 16/47] net: caif: add proper error handling Greg Kroah-Hartman
2021-06-08 18:27 ` [PATCH 4.14 17/47] net: caif: fix memory leak in caif_device_notify Greg Kroah-Hartman
2021-06-08 18:27 ` [PATCH 4.14 18/47] net: caif: fix memory leak in cfusbl_device_notify Greg Kroah-Hartman
2021-06-08 18:27 ` [PATCH 4.14 19/47] ALSA: timer: Fix master timer notification Greg Kroah-Hartman
2021-06-08 18:27 ` [PATCH 4.14 20/47] ext4: fix bug on in ext4_es_cache_extent as ext4_split_extent_at failed Greg Kroah-Hartman
2021-06-08 18:27 ` [PATCH 4.14 21/47] pid: take a reference when initializing `cad_pid` Greg Kroah-Hartman
2021-06-08 18:27 ` [PATCH 4.14 22/47] ocfs2: fix data corruption by fallocate Greg Kroah-Hartman
2021-06-08 18:27 ` [PATCH 4.14 23/47] nfc: fix NULL ptr dereference in llcp_sock_getname() after failed connect Greg Kroah-Hartman
2021-06-08 18:27 ` [PATCH 4.14 24/47] btrfs: fix error handling in btrfs_del_csums Greg Kroah-Hartman
2021-06-08 18:27 ` [PATCH 4.14 25/47] btrfs: fixup error handling in fixup_inode_link_counts Greg Kroah-Hartman
2021-06-08 18:27 ` [PATCH 4.14 26/47] mm, hugetlb: fix simple resv_huge_pages underflow on UFFDIO_COPY Greg Kroah-Hartman
2021-06-08 18:27 ` [PATCH 4.14 27/47] bpf, selftests: Fix up some test_verifier cases for unprivileged Greg Kroah-Hartman
2021-06-08 18:27 ` [PATCH 4.14 28/47] bpf: Move off_reg into sanitize_ptr_alu Greg Kroah-Hartman
2021-06-08 18:27 ` [PATCH 4.14 29/47] bpf: Ensure off_reg has no mixed signed bounds for all types Greg Kroah-Hartman
2021-06-08 18:27 ` [PATCH 4.14 30/47] bpf: Rework ptr_limit into alu_limit and add common error path Greg Kroah-Hartman
2021-06-08 18:27 ` Greg Kroah-Hartman [this message]
2021-06-08 18:27 ` [PATCH 4.14 32/47] bpf: Refactor and streamline bounds check into helper Greg Kroah-Hartman
2021-06-08 18:27 ` [PATCH 4.14 33/47] bpf: Move sanitize_val_alu out of op switch Greg Kroah-Hartman
2021-06-08 18:27 ` [PATCH 4.14 34/47] bpf: Tighten speculative pointer arithmetic mask Greg Kroah-Hartman
2021-06-08 18:27 ` [PATCH 4.14 35/47] bpf: Update selftests to reflect new error states Greg Kroah-Hartman
2021-06-08 18:27 ` [PATCH 4.14 36/47] bpf: do not allow root to mangle valid pointers Greg Kroah-Hartman
2021-06-08 18:27 ` [PATCH 4.14 37/47] bpf/verifier: disallow pointer subtraction Greg Kroah-Hartman
2021-06-08 18:27 ` [PATCH 4.14 38/47] selftests/bpf: fix test_align Greg Kroah-Hartman
2021-06-08 18:27 ` [PATCH 4.14 39/47] selftests/bpf: make dubious pointer arithmetic test useful Greg Kroah-Hartman
2021-06-08 18:27 ` [PATCH 4.14 40/47] bpf: Fix leakage of uninitialized bpf stack under speculation Greg Kroah-Hartman
2021-06-08 18:27 ` [PATCH 4.14 41/47] bpf: Wrap aux data inside bpf_sanitize_info container Greg Kroah-Hartman
2021-06-08 18:27 ` [PATCH 4.14 42/47] bpf: Fix mask direction swap upon off reg sign change Greg Kroah-Hartman
2021-06-08 18:27 ` [PATCH 4.14 43/47] bpf: No need to simulate speculative domain for immediates Greg Kroah-Hartman
2021-06-08 18:27 ` [PATCH 4.14 44/47] bnxt_en: Remove the setting of dev_port Greg Kroah-Hartman
2021-06-08 18:27 ` [PATCH 4.14 45/47] KVM: SVM: Truncate GPR value for DR and CR accesses in !64-bit mode Greg Kroah-Hartman
2021-06-08 18:27 ` [PATCH 4.14 46/47] sched/fair: Optimize select_idle_cpu Greg Kroah-Hartman
2021-06-08 18:27 ` [PATCH 4.14 47/47] xen-pciback: redo VF placement in the virtual topology Greg Kroah-Hartman
2021-06-09  9:33 ` [PATCH 4.14 00/47] 4.14.236-rc1 review Jon Hunter
2021-06-09 11:25 ` Naresh Kamboju
2021-06-09 18:48 ` Guenter Roeck

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