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From: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
To: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>,
	stable@vger.kernel.org, Jason Gunthorpe <jgg@ziepe.ca>,
	Lino Sanfilippo <LinoSanfilippo@gmx.de>,
	Stefan Berger <stefanb@linux.ibm.com>,
	Jason Gunthorpe <jgg@nvidia.com>,
	Jarkko Sakkinen <jarkko@kernel.org>
Subject: [PATCH 5.17 35/39] tpm: fix reference counting for struct tpm_chip
Date: Fri, 25 Mar 2022 16:14:50 +0100	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20220325150421.249474748@linuxfoundation.org> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20220325150420.245733653@linuxfoundation.org>

From: Lino Sanfilippo <LinoSanfilippo@gmx.de>

commit 7e0438f83dc769465ee663bb5dcf8cc154940712 upstream.

The following sequence of operations results in a refcount warning:

1. Open device /dev/tpmrm.
2. Remove module tpm_tis_spi.
3. Write a TPM command to the file descriptor opened at step 1.

------------[ cut here ]------------
WARNING: CPU: 3 PID: 1161 at lib/refcount.c:25 kobject_get+0xa0/0xa4
refcount_t: addition on 0; use-after-free.
Modules linked in: tpm_tis_spi tpm_tis_core tpm mdio_bcm_unimac brcmfmac
sha256_generic libsha256 sha256_arm hci_uart btbcm bluetooth cfg80211 vc4
brcmutil ecdh_generic ecc snd_soc_core crc32_arm_ce libaes
raspberrypi_hwmon ac97_bus snd_pcm_dmaengine bcm2711_thermal snd_pcm
snd_timer genet snd phy_generic soundcore [last unloaded: spi_bcm2835]
CPU: 3 PID: 1161 Comm: hold_open Not tainted 5.10.0ls-main-dirty #2
Hardware name: BCM2711
[<c0410c3c>] (unwind_backtrace) from [<c040b580>] (show_stack+0x10/0x14)
[<c040b580>] (show_stack) from [<c1092174>] (dump_stack+0xc4/0xd8)
[<c1092174>] (dump_stack) from [<c0445a30>] (__warn+0x104/0x108)
[<c0445a30>] (__warn) from [<c0445aa8>] (warn_slowpath_fmt+0x74/0xb8)
[<c0445aa8>] (warn_slowpath_fmt) from [<c08435d0>] (kobject_get+0xa0/0xa4)
[<c08435d0>] (kobject_get) from [<bf0a715c>] (tpm_try_get_ops+0x14/0x54 [tpm])
[<bf0a715c>] (tpm_try_get_ops [tpm]) from [<bf0a7d6c>] (tpm_common_write+0x38/0x60 [tpm])
[<bf0a7d6c>] (tpm_common_write [tpm]) from [<c05a7ac0>] (vfs_write+0xc4/0x3c0)
[<c05a7ac0>] (vfs_write) from [<c05a7ee4>] (ksys_write+0x58/0xcc)
[<c05a7ee4>] (ksys_write) from [<c04001a0>] (ret_fast_syscall+0x0/0x4c)
Exception stack(0xc226bfa8 to 0xc226bff0)
bfa0:                   00000000 000105b4 00000003 beafe664 00000014 00000000
bfc0: 00000000 000105b4 000103f8 00000004 00000000 00000000 b6f9c000 beafe684
bfe0: 0000006c beafe648 0001056c b6eb6944
---[ end trace d4b8409def9b8b1f ]---

The reason for this warning is the attempt to get the chip->dev reference
in tpm_common_write() although the reference counter is already zero.

Since commit 8979b02aaf1d ("tpm: Fix reference count to main device") the
extra reference used to prevent a premature zero counter is never taken,
because the required TPM_CHIP_FLAG_TPM2 flag is never set.

Fix this by moving the TPM 2 character device handling from
tpm_chip_alloc() to tpm_add_char_device() which is called at a later point
in time when the flag has been set in case of TPM2.

Commit fdc915f7f719 ("tpm: expose spaces via a device link /dev/tpmrm<n>")
already introduced function tpm_devs_release() to release the extra
reference but did not implement the required put on chip->devs that results
in the call of this function.

Fix this by putting chip->devs in tpm_chip_unregister().

Finally move the new implementation for the TPM 2 handling into a new
function to avoid multiple checks for the TPM_CHIP_FLAG_TPM2 flag in the
good case and error cases.

Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
Fixes: fdc915f7f719 ("tpm: expose spaces via a device link /dev/tpmrm<n>")
Fixes: 8979b02aaf1d ("tpm: Fix reference count to main device")
Co-developed-by: Jason Gunthorpe <jgg@ziepe.ca>
Signed-off-by: Jason Gunthorpe <jgg@ziepe.ca>
Signed-off-by: Lino Sanfilippo <LinoSanfilippo@gmx.de>
Tested-by: Stefan Berger <stefanb@linux.ibm.com>
Reviewed-by: Jason Gunthorpe <jgg@nvidia.com>
Reviewed-by: Jarkko Sakkinen <jarkko@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Jarkko Sakkinen <jarkko@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
---
 drivers/char/tpm/tpm-chip.c   |   46 +++++------------------------
 drivers/char/tpm/tpm.h        |    2 +
 drivers/char/tpm/tpm2-space.c |   65 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 3 files changed, 75 insertions(+), 38 deletions(-)

--- a/drivers/char/tpm/tpm-chip.c
+++ b/drivers/char/tpm/tpm-chip.c
@@ -274,14 +274,6 @@ static void tpm_dev_release(struct devic
 	kfree(chip);
 }
 
-static void tpm_devs_release(struct device *dev)
-{
-	struct tpm_chip *chip = container_of(dev, struct tpm_chip, devs);
-
-	/* release the master device reference */
-	put_device(&chip->dev);
-}
-
 /**
  * tpm_class_shutdown() - prepare the TPM device for loss of power.
  * @dev: device to which the chip is associated.
@@ -344,7 +336,6 @@ struct tpm_chip *tpm_chip_alloc(struct d
 	chip->dev_num = rc;
 
 	device_initialize(&chip->dev);
-	device_initialize(&chip->devs);
 
 	chip->dev.class = tpm_class;
 	chip->dev.class->shutdown_pre = tpm_class_shutdown;
@@ -352,39 +343,20 @@ struct tpm_chip *tpm_chip_alloc(struct d
 	chip->dev.parent = pdev;
 	chip->dev.groups = chip->groups;
 
-	chip->devs.parent = pdev;
-	chip->devs.class = tpmrm_class;
-	chip->devs.release = tpm_devs_release;
-	/* get extra reference on main device to hold on
-	 * behalf of devs.  This holds the chip structure
-	 * while cdevs is in use.  The corresponding put
-	 * is in the tpm_devs_release (TPM2 only)
-	 */
-	if (chip->flags & TPM_CHIP_FLAG_TPM2)
-		get_device(&chip->dev);
-
 	if (chip->dev_num == 0)
 		chip->dev.devt = MKDEV(MISC_MAJOR, TPM_MINOR);
 	else
 		chip->dev.devt = MKDEV(MAJOR(tpm_devt), chip->dev_num);
 
-	chip->devs.devt =
-		MKDEV(MAJOR(tpm_devt), chip->dev_num + TPM_NUM_DEVICES);
-
 	rc = dev_set_name(&chip->dev, "tpm%d", chip->dev_num);
 	if (rc)
 		goto out;
-	rc = dev_set_name(&chip->devs, "tpmrm%d", chip->dev_num);
-	if (rc)
-		goto out;
 
 	if (!pdev)
 		chip->flags |= TPM_CHIP_FLAG_VIRTUAL;
 
 	cdev_init(&chip->cdev, &tpm_fops);
-	cdev_init(&chip->cdevs, &tpmrm_fops);
 	chip->cdev.owner = THIS_MODULE;
-	chip->cdevs.owner = THIS_MODULE;
 
 	rc = tpm2_init_space(&chip->work_space, TPM2_SPACE_BUFFER_SIZE);
 	if (rc) {
@@ -396,7 +368,6 @@ struct tpm_chip *tpm_chip_alloc(struct d
 	return chip;
 
 out:
-	put_device(&chip->devs);
 	put_device(&chip->dev);
 	return ERR_PTR(rc);
 }
@@ -445,14 +416,9 @@ static int tpm_add_char_device(struct tp
 	}
 
 	if (chip->flags & TPM_CHIP_FLAG_TPM2 && !tpm_is_firmware_upgrade(chip)) {
-		rc = cdev_device_add(&chip->cdevs, &chip->devs);
-		if (rc) {
-			dev_err(&chip->devs,
-				"unable to cdev_device_add() %s, major %d, minor %d, err=%d\n",
-				dev_name(&chip->devs), MAJOR(chip->devs.devt),
-				MINOR(chip->devs.devt), rc);
-			return rc;
-		}
+		rc = tpm_devs_add(chip);
+		if (rc)
+			goto err_del_cdev;
 	}
 
 	/* Make the chip available. */
@@ -460,6 +426,10 @@ static int tpm_add_char_device(struct tp
 	idr_replace(&dev_nums_idr, chip, chip->dev_num);
 	mutex_unlock(&idr_lock);
 
+	return 0;
+
+err_del_cdev:
+	cdev_device_del(&chip->cdev, &chip->dev);
 	return rc;
 }
 
@@ -654,7 +624,7 @@ void tpm_chip_unregister(struct tpm_chip
 		hwrng_unregister(&chip->hwrng);
 	tpm_bios_log_teardown(chip);
 	if (chip->flags & TPM_CHIP_FLAG_TPM2 && !tpm_is_firmware_upgrade(chip))
-		cdev_device_del(&chip->cdevs, &chip->devs);
+		tpm_devs_remove(chip);
 	tpm_del_char_device(chip);
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tpm_chip_unregister);
--- a/drivers/char/tpm/tpm.h
+++ b/drivers/char/tpm/tpm.h
@@ -234,6 +234,8 @@ int tpm2_prepare_space(struct tpm_chip *
 		       size_t cmdsiz);
 int tpm2_commit_space(struct tpm_chip *chip, struct tpm_space *space, void *buf,
 		      size_t *bufsiz);
+int tpm_devs_add(struct tpm_chip *chip);
+void tpm_devs_remove(struct tpm_chip *chip);
 
 void tpm_bios_log_setup(struct tpm_chip *chip);
 void tpm_bios_log_teardown(struct tpm_chip *chip);
--- a/drivers/char/tpm/tpm2-space.c
+++ b/drivers/char/tpm/tpm2-space.c
@@ -574,3 +574,68 @@ out:
 	dev_err(&chip->dev, "%s: error %d\n", __func__, rc);
 	return rc;
 }
+
+/*
+ * Put the reference to the main device.
+ */
+static void tpm_devs_release(struct device *dev)
+{
+	struct tpm_chip *chip = container_of(dev, struct tpm_chip, devs);
+
+	/* release the master device reference */
+	put_device(&chip->dev);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Remove the device file for exposed TPM spaces and release the device
+ * reference. This may also release the reference to the master device.
+ */
+void tpm_devs_remove(struct tpm_chip *chip)
+{
+	cdev_device_del(&chip->cdevs, &chip->devs);
+	put_device(&chip->devs);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Add a device file to expose TPM spaces. Also take a reference to the
+ * main device.
+ */
+int tpm_devs_add(struct tpm_chip *chip)
+{
+	int rc;
+
+	device_initialize(&chip->devs);
+	chip->devs.parent = chip->dev.parent;
+	chip->devs.class = tpmrm_class;
+
+	/*
+	 * Get extra reference on main device to hold on behalf of devs.
+	 * This holds the chip structure while cdevs is in use. The
+	 * corresponding put is in the tpm_devs_release.
+	 */
+	get_device(&chip->dev);
+	chip->devs.release = tpm_devs_release;
+	chip->devs.devt = MKDEV(MAJOR(tpm_devt), chip->dev_num + TPM_NUM_DEVICES);
+	cdev_init(&chip->cdevs, &tpmrm_fops);
+	chip->cdevs.owner = THIS_MODULE;
+
+	rc = dev_set_name(&chip->devs, "tpmrm%d", chip->dev_num);
+	if (rc)
+		goto err_put_devs;
+
+	rc = cdev_device_add(&chip->cdevs, &chip->devs);
+	if (rc) {
+		dev_err(&chip->devs,
+			"unable to cdev_device_add() %s, major %d, minor %d, err=%d\n",
+			dev_name(&chip->devs), MAJOR(chip->devs.devt),
+			MINOR(chip->devs.devt), rc);
+		goto err_put_devs;
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+
+err_put_devs:
+	put_device(&chip->devs);
+
+	return rc;
+}



  parent reply	other threads:[~2022-03-25 15:27 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 51+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2022-03-25 15:14 [PATCH 5.17 00/39] 5.17.1-rc1 review Greg Kroah-Hartman
2022-03-25 15:14 ` [PATCH 5.17 01/39] tpm: Fix error handling in async work Greg Kroah-Hartman
2022-03-25 15:14 ` [PATCH 5.17 02/39] Bluetooth: btusb: Add another Realtek 8761BU Greg Kroah-Hartman
2022-03-25 15:14 ` [PATCH 5.17 03/39] llc: fix netdevice reference leaks in llc_ui_bind() Greg Kroah-Hartman
2022-03-25 15:14 ` [PATCH 5.17 04/39] ASoC: sti: Fix deadlock via snd_pcm_stop_xrun() call Greg Kroah-Hartman
2022-03-25 15:14 ` [PATCH 5.17 05/39] ALSA: oss: Fix PCM OSS buffer allocation overflow Greg Kroah-Hartman
2022-03-25 15:14 ` [PATCH 5.17 06/39] ALSA: usb-audio: add mapping for new Corsair Virtuoso SE Greg Kroah-Hartman
2022-03-25 15:14 ` [PATCH 5.17 07/39] ALSA: hda/realtek: Add quirk for Clevo NP70PNJ Greg Kroah-Hartman
2022-03-25 15:14 ` [PATCH 5.17 08/39] ALSA: hda/realtek: Add quirk for Clevo NP50PNJ Greg Kroah-Hartman
2022-03-25 15:14 ` [PATCH 5.17 09/39] ALSA: hda/realtek - Fix headset mic problem for a HP machine with alc671 Greg Kroah-Hartman
2022-03-25 15:14 ` [PATCH 5.17 10/39] ALSA: hda/realtek: Add quirk for ASUS GA402 Greg Kroah-Hartman
2022-03-25 15:14 ` [PATCH 5.17 11/39] ALSA: pcm: Fix races among concurrent hw_params and hw_free calls Greg Kroah-Hartman
2022-03-25 15:14 ` [PATCH 5.17 12/39] ALSA: pcm: Fix races among concurrent read/write and buffer changes Greg Kroah-Hartman
2022-03-25 15:14 ` [PATCH 5.17 13/39] ALSA: pcm: Fix races among concurrent prepare and hw_params/hw_free calls Greg Kroah-Hartman
2022-03-25 15:14 ` [PATCH 5.17 14/39] ALSA: pcm: Fix races among concurrent prealloc proc writes Greg Kroah-Hartman
2022-03-25 15:14 ` [PATCH 5.17 15/39] ALSA: pcm: Add stream lock during PCM reset ioctl operations Greg Kroah-Hartman
2022-03-25 15:14 ` [PATCH 5.17 16/39] ALSA: usb-audio: Add mute TLV for playback volumes on RODE NT-USB Greg Kroah-Hartman
2022-03-25 15:14 ` [PATCH 5.17 17/39] ALSA: cmipci: Restore aux vol on suspend/resume Greg Kroah-Hartman
2022-03-25 15:14 ` [PATCH 5.17 18/39] ALSA: pci: fix reading of swapped values from pcmreg in AC97 codec Greg Kroah-Hartman
2022-03-25 15:14 ` [PATCH 5.17 19/39] drivers: net: xgene: Fix regression in CRC stripping Greg Kroah-Hartman
2022-03-25 15:14 ` [PATCH 5.17 20/39] netfilter: nf_tables: initialize registers in nft_do_chain() Greg Kroah-Hartman
2022-03-25 15:14 ` [PATCH 5.17 21/39] netfilter: nf_tables: validate registers coming from userspace Greg Kroah-Hartman
2022-03-25 15:14 ` [PATCH 5.17 22/39] ACPI / x86: Work around broken XSDT on Advantech DAC-BJ01 board Greg Kroah-Hartman
2022-03-25 15:14 ` [PATCH 5.17 23/39] ACPI: battery: Add device HID and quirk for Microsoft Surface Go 3 Greg Kroah-Hartman
2022-03-25 15:14 ` [PATCH 5.17 24/39] ACPI: video: Force backlight native for Clevo NL5xRU and NL5xNU Greg Kroah-Hartman
2022-03-25 15:14 ` [PATCH 5.17 25/39] crypto: qat - disable registration of algorithms Greg Kroah-Hartman
2022-03-25 15:14 ` [PATCH 5.17 26/39] Bluetooth: btusb: Add one more Bluetooth part for the Realtek RTL8852AE Greg Kroah-Hartman
2022-03-25 15:14 ` [PATCH 5.17 27/39] Bluetooth: hci_sync: Add a new quirk to skip HCI_FLT_CLEAR_ALL Greg Kroah-Hartman
2022-03-25 15:14 ` [PATCH 5.17 28/39] Bluetooth: btusb: Use quirk to skip HCI_FLT_CLEAR_ALL on fake CSR controllers Greg Kroah-Hartman
2022-03-25 15:14 ` [PATCH 5.17 29/39] Revert "ath: add support for special 0x0 regulatory domain" Greg Kroah-Hartman
2022-03-25 15:14 ` [PATCH 5.17 30/39] drm/virtio: Ensure that objs is not NULL in virtio_gpu_array_put_free() Greg Kroah-Hartman
2022-03-25 15:14 ` [PATCH 5.17 31/39] jbd2: fix use-after-free of transaction_t race Greg Kroah-Hartman
2022-03-25 15:14 ` [PATCH 5.17 32/39] rcu: Dont deboost before reporting expedited quiescent state Greg Kroah-Hartman
2022-03-25 15:14 ` [PATCH 5.17 33/39] uaccess: fix integer overflow on access_ok() Greg Kroah-Hartman
2022-03-25 15:14 ` [PATCH 5.17 34/39] mac80211: fix potential double free on mesh join Greg Kroah-Hartman
2022-03-25 15:14 ` Greg Kroah-Hartman [this message]
2022-03-25 15:14 ` [PATCH 5.17 36/39] tpm: use try_get_ops() in tpm-space.c Greg Kroah-Hartman
2022-03-25 15:14 ` [PATCH 5.17 37/39] wcn36xx: Differentiate wcn3660 from wcn3620 Greg Kroah-Hartman
2022-03-25 15:14 ` [PATCH 5.17 38/39] m68k: fix access_ok for coldfire Greg Kroah-Hartman
2022-03-25 15:14 ` [PATCH 5.17 39/39] nds32: fix access_ok() checks in get/put_user Greg Kroah-Hartman
2022-03-25 23:22 ` [PATCH 5.17 00/39] 5.17.1-rc1 review Shuah Khan
2022-03-26  1:22 ` Fox Chen
2022-03-26  2:53 ` Rudi Heitbaum
2022-03-26  3:07 ` Florian Fainelli
2022-03-26  4:54 ` Naresh Kamboju
2022-03-26  9:55   ` Greg Kroah-Hartman
2022-03-26 12:26     ` Naresh Kamboju
2022-03-26 12:19 ` Bagas Sanjaya
2022-03-27  0:13 ` Ron Economos
2022-03-27  0:52 ` Guenter Roeck
2022-03-27  1:37 ` Justin Forbes

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