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* [Xen-devel] [PATCH v2] viridian: unify time sources
@ 2019-06-17  8:23 Paul Durrant
  2019-06-20  8:44 ` Paul Durrant
                   ` (2 more replies)
  0 siblings, 3 replies; 7+ messages in thread
From: Paul Durrant @ 2019-06-17  8:23 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: xen-devel
  Cc: Andrew Cooper, Paul Durrant, Wei Liu, Jan Beulich, Roger Pau Monné

Currently, the time_ref_count enlightened time source maintains an offset
such that time is frozen when the domain paused, but the reference_tsc
enlightened time source does not. After migrate, the reference_tsc source
may become invalidated (e.g. because of host cpu frequency mismatch) which
will cause Windows to fall back to time_ref_count. Thus, the guest will
observe a jump in time equivalent to the offset.

This patch unifies the two enlightened time sources such that the same
offset applies to both of them. Also, it's not really necessary to have
two different functions to calculating a 10MHz counter value, time_now() and
raw_trc_val(), so this patch removes the latter implementation. The
unification also allows removal of the reference_tsc_valid flag.

Whilst in the area, this patch also takes the opportunity to constify a few
pointers which were missed in earlier patches.

Signed-off-by: Paul Durrant <paul.durrant@citrix.com>
---
Cc: Jan Beulich <jbeulich@suse.com>
Cc: Andrew Cooper <andrew.cooper3@citrix.com>
Cc: Wei Liu <wl@xen.org>
Cc: "Roger Pau Monné" <roger.pau@citrix.com>

v2:
 - Expand comments above newly added TscOffset setting
---
 xen/arch/x86/hvm/viridian/time.c   | 105 +++++++++++++----------------
 xen/include/asm-x86/hvm/viridian.h |   1 -
 2 files changed, 45 insertions(+), 61 deletions(-)

diff --git a/xen/arch/x86/hvm/viridian/time.c b/xen/arch/x86/hvm/viridian/time.c
index 2a3c9697d7..28e3d88ca9 100644
--- a/xen/arch/x86/hvm/viridian/time.c
+++ b/xen/arch/x86/hvm/viridian/time.c
@@ -26,9 +26,10 @@ typedef struct _HV_REFERENCE_TSC_PAGE
     uint64_t Reserved2[509];
 } HV_REFERENCE_TSC_PAGE, *PHV_REFERENCE_TSC_PAGE;
 
-static void update_reference_tsc(struct domain *d, bool initialize)
+static void update_reference_tsc(const struct domain *d, bool initialize)
 {
     struct viridian_domain *vd = d->arch.hvm.viridian;
+    const struct viridian_time_ref_count *trc = &vd->time_ref_count;
     const struct viridian_page *rt = &vd->reference_tsc;
     HV_REFERENCE_TSC_PAGE *p = rt->ptr;
     uint32_t seq;
@@ -44,7 +45,9 @@ static void update_reference_tsc(struct domain *d, bool initialize)
      * with this, allowing vtsc to be turned off, but support for this is
      * not yet present in the hypervisor. Thus is it is possible that
      * migrating a Windows VM between hosts of differing TSC frequencies
-     * may result in large differences in guest performance.
+     * may result in large differences in guest performance. Any jump in
+     * TSC due to migration down-time can, however, be compensated for by
+     * setting the TscOffset value (see below).
      */
     if ( !host_tsc_is_safe() || d->arch.vtsc )
     {
@@ -62,8 +65,6 @@ static void update_reference_tsc(struct domain *d, bool initialize)
 
         printk(XENLOG_G_INFO "d%d: VIRIDIAN REFERENCE_TSC: invalidated\n",
                d->domain_id);
-
-        vd->reference_tsc_valid = false;
         return;
     }
 
@@ -75,8 +76,11 @@ static void update_reference_tsc(struct domain *d, bool initialize)
      *
      * Windows uses a 100ns tick, so we need a scale which is cpu
      * ticks per 100ns shifted left by 64.
+     * The offset value is calculated on restore after migration and
+     * ensures that Windows will not see a large jump in ReferenceTime.
      */
     p->TscScale = ((10000ul << 32) / d->arch.tsc_khz) << 32;
+    p->TscOffset = trc->off;
     smp_wmb();
 
     seq = p->TscSequence + 1;
@@ -84,46 +88,6 @@ static void update_reference_tsc(struct domain *d, bool initialize)
         seq = 1;
 
     p->TscSequence = seq;
-    vd->reference_tsc_valid = true;
-}
-
-static int64_t raw_trc_val(const struct domain *d)
-{
-    uint64_t tsc;
-    struct time_scale tsc_to_ns;
-
-    tsc = hvm_get_guest_tsc(pt_global_vcpu_target(d));
-
-    /* convert tsc to count of 100ns periods */
-    set_time_scale(&tsc_to_ns, d->arch.tsc_khz * 1000ul);
-    return scale_delta(tsc, &tsc_to_ns) / 100ul;
-}
-
-static void time_ref_count_freeze(const struct domain *d)
-{
-    struct viridian_time_ref_count *trc =
-        &d->arch.hvm.viridian->time_ref_count;
-
-    if ( test_and_clear_bit(_TRC_running, &trc->flags) )
-        trc->val = raw_trc_val(d) + trc->off;
-}
-
-static void time_ref_count_thaw(const struct domain *d)
-{
-    struct viridian_time_ref_count *trc =
-        &d->arch.hvm.viridian->time_ref_count;
-
-    if ( !d->is_shutting_down &&
-         !test_and_set_bit(_TRC_running, &trc->flags) )
-        trc->off = (int64_t)trc->val - raw_trc_val(d);
-}
-
-static int64_t time_ref_count(const struct domain *d)
-{
-    struct viridian_time_ref_count *trc =
-        &d->arch.hvm.viridian->time_ref_count;
-
-    return raw_trc_val(d) + trc->off;
 }
 
 /*
@@ -136,7 +100,7 @@ static int64_t time_ref_count(const struct domain *d)
  * 128 bit number which is then shifted 64 times to the right to obtain
  * the high 64 bits."
  */
-static uint64_t scale_tsc(uint64_t tsc, uint64_t scale, uint64_t offset)
+static uint64_t scale_tsc(uint64_t tsc, uint64_t scale, int64_t offset)
 {
     uint64_t result;
 
@@ -153,22 +117,46 @@ static uint64_t scale_tsc(uint64_t tsc, uint64_t scale, uint64_t offset)
     return result + offset;
 }
 
-static uint64_t time_now(struct domain *d)
+static uint64_t trc_val(const struct domain *d, int64_t offset)
 {
     uint64_t tsc, scale;
 
-    /*
-     * If the reference TSC page is not enabled, or has been invalidated
-     * fall back to the partition reference counter.
-     */
-    if ( !d->arch.hvm.viridian->reference_tsc_valid )
-        return time_ref_count(d);
-
-    /* Otherwise compute reference time in the same way the guest would */
     tsc = hvm_get_guest_tsc(pt_global_vcpu_target(d));
     scale = ((10000ul << 32) / d->arch.tsc_khz) << 32;
 
-    return scale_tsc(tsc, scale, 0);
+    return scale_tsc(tsc, scale, offset);
+}
+
+static void time_ref_count_freeze(const struct domain *d)
+{
+    struct viridian_time_ref_count *trc =
+        &d->arch.hvm.viridian->time_ref_count;
+
+    if ( test_and_clear_bit(_TRC_running, &trc->flags) )
+        trc->val = trc_val(d, trc->off);
+}
+
+static void time_ref_count_thaw(const struct domain *d)
+{
+    struct viridian_domain *vd = d->arch.hvm.viridian;
+    struct viridian_time_ref_count *trc = &vd->time_ref_count;
+
+    if ( d->is_shutting_down ||
+         test_and_set_bit(_TRC_running, &trc->flags) )
+        return;
+
+    trc->off = (int64_t)trc->val - trc_val(d, 0);
+
+    if ( vd->reference_tsc.msr.enabled )
+        update_reference_tsc(d, false);
+}
+
+static int64_t time_ref_count(const struct domain *d)
+{
+    const struct viridian_time_ref_count *trc =
+        &d->arch.hvm.viridian->time_ref_count;
+
+    return trc_val(d, trc->off);
 }
 
 static void stop_stimer(struct viridian_stimer *vs)
@@ -196,7 +184,7 @@ static void start_stimer(struct viridian_stimer *vs)
     const struct vcpu *v = vs->v;
     struct viridian_vcpu *vv = v->arch.hvm.viridian;
     unsigned int stimerx = vs - &vv->stimer[0];
-    int64_t now = time_now(v->domain);
+    int64_t now = time_ref_count(v->domain);
     int64_t expiration;
     s_time_t timeout;
 
@@ -285,7 +273,7 @@ static void poll_stimer(struct vcpu *v, unsigned int stimerx)
 
     if ( !viridian_synic_deliver_timer_msg(v, vs->config.sintx,
                                            stimerx, vs->expiration,
-                                           time_now(v->domain)) )
+                                           time_ref_count(v->domain)) )
         return;
 
     clear_bit(stimerx, &vv->stimer_pending);
@@ -641,10 +629,7 @@ void viridian_time_load_domain_ctxt(
     vd->reference_tsc.msr.raw = ctxt->reference_tsc;
 
     if ( vd->reference_tsc.msr.enabled )
-    {
         viridian_map_guest_page(d, &vd->reference_tsc);
-        update_reference_tsc(d, false);
-    }
 }
 
 /*
diff --git a/xen/include/asm-x86/hvm/viridian.h b/xen/include/asm-x86/hvm/viridian.h
index 54e46cc4c4..010c8b58d4 100644
--- a/xen/include/asm-x86/hvm/viridian.h
+++ b/xen/include/asm-x86/hvm/viridian.h
@@ -116,7 +116,6 @@ struct viridian_domain
     union viridian_page_msr hypercall_gpa;
     struct viridian_time_ref_count time_ref_count;
     struct viridian_page reference_tsc;
-    bool reference_tsc_valid;
 };
 
 void cpuid_viridian_leaves(const struct vcpu *v, uint32_t leaf,
-- 
2.20.1.2.gb21ebb671


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Thread overview: 7+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
-- links below jump to the message on this page --
2019-06-17  8:23 [Xen-devel] [PATCH v2] viridian: unify time sources Paul Durrant
2019-06-20  8:44 ` Paul Durrant
2019-06-21 13:49 ` Alexandru Stefan ISAILA
2019-06-21 13:58   ` Paul Durrant
2019-06-21 15:20     ` Jan Beulich
2019-06-21 15:21       ` Paul Durrant
2019-06-21 15:08 ` Jan Beulich

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