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From: Julien Grall <julien@xen.org>
To: Bertrand Marquis <Bertrand.Marquis@arm.com>,
	Jan Beulich <jbeulich@suse.com>
Cc: "Stefano Stabellini" <sstabellini@kernel.org>,
	"Wei Liu" <wl@xen.org>,
	"Andrew Cooper" <andrew.cooper3@citrix.com>,
	"Ian Jackson" <ian.jackson@eu.citrix.com>,
	"George Dunlap" <george.dunlap@citrix.com>,
	Xen-devel <xen-devel@lists.xenproject.org>, nd <nd@arm.com>,
	"Volodymyr Babchuk" <Volodymyr_Babchuk@epam.com>,
	"Roger Pau Monné" <roger.pau@citrix.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v3] xen/arm: Convert runstate address during hypcall
Date: Fri, 31 Jul 2020 16:06:03 +0100
Message-ID: <b59494b5-866e-30d9-7dfc-a4aa6366a91e@xen.org> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <5301A49B-3404-4AC2-B04E-2BB969BABEED@arm.com>

Hi Bertrand,

On 31/07/2020 14:09, Bertrand Marquis wrote:
>> On 31 Jul 2020, at 14:19, Jan Beulich <jbeulich@suse.com> wrote:
>> On 30.07.2020 22:50, Julien Grall wrote:
>>> On 30/07/2020 11:24, Bertrand Marquis wrote:
>>>> At the moment on Arm, a Linux guest running with KTPI enabled will
>>>> cause the following error when a context switch happens in user mode:
>>>> (XEN) p2m.c:1890: d1v0: Failed to walk page-table va 0xffffff837ebe0cd0
>>>> The error is caused by the virtual address for the runstate area
>>>> registered by the guest only being accessible when the guest is running
>>>> in kernel space when KPTI is enabled.
>>>> To solve this issue, this patch is doing the translation from virtual
>>>> address to physical address during the hypercall and mapping the
>>>> required pages using vmap. This is removing the conversion from virtual
>>>> to physical address during the context switch which is solving the
>>>> problem with KPTI.
>>> To echo what Jan said on the previous version, this is a change in a
>>> stable ABI and therefore may break existing guest. FAOD, I agree in
>>> principle with the idea. However, we want to explain why breaking the
>>> ABI is the *only* viable solution.
>>>  From my understanding, it is not possible to fix without an ABI
>>> breakage because the hypervisor doesn't know when the guest will switch
>>> back from userspace to kernel space.
>> And there's also no way to know on Arm, by e.g. enabling a suitable
>> intercept?

There is no easy way to do it. You might be able to route all EL0 
exceptions to EL2 using HCR_EL2.TGE, but this is basically disable EL1 
(kernel space). The amount of work required and the overhead is likely 
not worth it.

> An intercept would mean that Xen gets a notice whenever a guest is switching
> from kernel mode to user mode.
> There is nothing in this process which could be intercepted by Xen, appart from
> maybe trapping all access to MMU registers which would be very complex and
> slow.

I agree. Although, even if it wasn't slow, there is no guarantee that 
any of those registers would be accessed during the switch.

You could implement a "dumb" KPTI by just removing the mappings from the 


Julien Grall

  reply index

Thread overview: 15+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-07-30 10:24 Bertrand Marquis
2020-07-30 20:50 ` Julien Grall
2020-07-31  1:18   ` Stefano Stabellini
2020-07-31 13:17     ` Bertrand Marquis
2020-07-31 12:19   ` Jan Beulich
2020-07-31 13:09     ` Bertrand Marquis
2020-07-31 15:06       ` Julien Grall [this message]
2020-07-31 13:16   ` Bertrand Marquis
2020-08-13 17:28     ` Julien Grall
2020-08-14  9:11       ` Bertrand Marquis
2020-07-31 13:26   ` Bertrand Marquis
2020-07-31 23:03     ` Stefano Stabellini
2020-08-14  9:12       ` Bertrand Marquis
2020-08-13 17:35     ` Julien Grall
2020-08-14  9:11       ` Bertrand Marquis

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