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* [PATCH] iommu/amd: Don't put completion-wait semaphore on stack
@ 2016-09-14  9:41 Joerg Roedel
       [not found] ` <1473846119-9527-1-git-send-email-joro-zLv9SwRftAIdnm+yROfE0A@public.gmane.org>
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 7+ messages in thread
From: Joerg Roedel @ 2016-09-14  9:41 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Ingo Molnar, hpa-YMNOUZJC4hwAvxtiuMwx3w, tglx-hfZtesqFncYOwBW4kG4KsQ
  Cc: Joerg Roedel, iommu-cunTk1MwBs9QetFLy7KEm3xJsTq8ys+cHZ5vskTnxNA,
	x86-DgEjT+Ai2ygdnm+yROfE0A, bp-Gina5bIWoIWzQB+pC5nmwQ,
	Andy Lutomirski

From: Joerg Roedel <jroedel-l3A5Bk7waGM@public.gmane.org>

The semaphore used by the AMD IOMMU to signal command
completion lived on the stack until now, which was safe as
the driver busy-waited on the semaphore with IRQs disabled,
so the stack can't go away under the driver.

But the recently introduced vmap-based stacks break this as
the physical address of the semaphore can't be determinded
easily anymore. The driver used the __pa() macro, but that
only works in the direct-mapping. The result were
Completion-Wait timeout errors seen by the IOMMU driver,
breaking system boot.

Since putting the semaphore on the stack is bad design
anyway, move the semaphore into 'struct amd_iommu'. It is
protected by the per-iommu lock and now in the direct
mapping again. This fixes the Completion-Wait timeout errors
and makes AMD IOMMU systems boot again with vmap-based
stacks enabled.

Reported-by: Borislav Petkov <bp-Gina5bIWoIWzQB+pC5nmwQ@public.gmane.org>
Signed-off-by: Joerg Roedel <jroedel-l3A5Bk7waGM@public.gmane.org>
---
 drivers/iommu/amd_iommu.c       | 14 ++++++++------
 drivers/iommu/amd_iommu_types.h |  2 ++
 2 files changed, 10 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/iommu/amd_iommu.c b/drivers/iommu/amd_iommu.c
index 96de97a..1307e73 100644
--- a/drivers/iommu/amd_iommu.c
+++ b/drivers/iommu/amd_iommu.c
@@ -957,15 +957,16 @@ again:
 
 	if (left <= 2) {
 		struct iommu_cmd sync_cmd;
-		volatile u64 sem = 0;
 		int ret;
 
-		build_completion_wait(&sync_cmd, (u64)&sem);
+		iommu->cmd_sem = 0;
+
+		build_completion_wait(&sync_cmd, (u64)&iommu->cmd_sem);
 		copy_cmd_to_buffer(iommu, &sync_cmd, tail);
 
 		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&iommu->lock, flags);
 
-		if ((ret = wait_on_sem(&sem)) != 0)
+		if ((ret = wait_on_sem(&iommu->cmd_sem)) != 0)
 			return ret;
 
 		goto again;
@@ -993,19 +994,20 @@ static int iommu_queue_command(struct amd_iommu *iommu, struct iommu_cmd *cmd)
 static int iommu_completion_wait(struct amd_iommu *iommu)
 {
 	struct iommu_cmd cmd;
-	volatile u64 sem = 0;
 	int ret;
 
 	if (!iommu->need_sync)
 		return 0;
 
-	build_completion_wait(&cmd, (u64)&sem);
+	iommu->cmd_sem = 0;
+
+	build_completion_wait(&cmd, (u64)&iommu->cmd_sem);
 
 	ret = iommu_queue_command_sync(iommu, &cmd, false);
 	if (ret)
 		return ret;
 
-	return wait_on_sem(&sem);
+	return wait_on_sem(&iommu->cmd_sem);
 }
 
 static int iommu_flush_dte(struct amd_iommu *iommu, u16 devid)
diff --git a/drivers/iommu/amd_iommu_types.h b/drivers/iommu/amd_iommu_types.h
index caf5e38..9652848 100644
--- a/drivers/iommu/amd_iommu_types.h
+++ b/drivers/iommu/amd_iommu_types.h
@@ -524,6 +524,8 @@ struct amd_iommu {
 	struct irq_domain *ir_domain;
 	struct irq_domain *msi_domain;
 #endif
+
+	volatile u64 __aligned(8) cmd_sem;
 };
 
 #define ACPIHID_UID_LEN 256
-- 
2.6.2

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 7+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] iommu/amd: Don't put completion-wait semaphore on stack
       [not found] ` <1473846119-9527-1-git-send-email-joro-zLv9SwRftAIdnm+yROfE0A@public.gmane.org>
@ 2016-09-14 15:26   ` Ingo Molnar
       [not found]     ` <20160914152647.GA13814-Re5JQEeQqe8AvxtiuMwx3w@public.gmane.org>
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 7+ messages in thread
From: Ingo Molnar @ 2016-09-14 15:26 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Joerg Roedel
  Cc: Joerg Roedel, x86-DgEjT+Ai2ygdnm+yROfE0A,
	iommu-cunTk1MwBs9QetFLy7KEm3xJsTq8ys+cHZ5vskTnxNA, Ingo Molnar,
	bp-Gina5bIWoIWzQB+pC5nmwQ, Andy Lutomirski,
	hpa-YMNOUZJC4hwAvxtiuMwx3w, tglx-hfZtesqFncYOwBW4kG4KsQ


* Joerg Roedel <joro-zLv9SwRftAIdnm+yROfE0A@public.gmane.org> wrote:

> From: Joerg Roedel <jroedel-l3A5Bk7waGM@public.gmane.org>
> 
> The semaphore used by the AMD IOMMU to signal command
> completion lived on the stack until now, which was safe as
> the driver busy-waited on the semaphore with IRQs disabled,
> so the stack can't go away under the driver.
> 
> But the recently introduced vmap-based stacks break this as
> the physical address of the semaphore can't be determinded
> easily anymore. The driver used the __pa() macro, but that
> only works in the direct-mapping. The result were
> Completion-Wait timeout errors seen by the IOMMU driver,
> breaking system boot.
> 
> Since putting the semaphore on the stack is bad design
> anyway, move the semaphore into 'struct amd_iommu'. It is
> protected by the per-iommu lock and now in the direct
> mapping again. This fixes the Completion-Wait timeout errors
> and makes AMD IOMMU systems boot again with vmap-based
> stacks enabled.
> 
> Reported-by: Borislav Petkov <bp-Gina5bIWoIWzQB+pC5nmwQ@public.gmane.org>
> Signed-off-by: Joerg Roedel <jroedel-l3A5Bk7waGM@public.gmane.org>
> ---
>  drivers/iommu/amd_iommu.c       | 14 ++++++++------
>  drivers/iommu/amd_iommu_types.h |  2 ++
>  2 files changed, 10 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)

Cool, thanks! I'll put this into tip:x86/asm which has the virtually mapped stack 
patches - ok?

Thanks,

	Ingo

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 7+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] iommu/amd: Don't put completion-wait semaphore on stack
       [not found]     ` <20160914152647.GA13814-Re5JQEeQqe8AvxtiuMwx3w@public.gmane.org>
@ 2016-09-14 21:27       ` Joerg Roedel
       [not found]         ` <20160914212712.GD1437-zLv9SwRftAIdnm+yROfE0A@public.gmane.org>
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 7+ messages in thread
From: Joerg Roedel @ 2016-09-14 21:27 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Ingo Molnar
  Cc: Joerg Roedel, x86-DgEjT+Ai2ygdnm+yROfE0A,
	iommu-cunTk1MwBs9QetFLy7KEm3xJsTq8ys+cHZ5vskTnxNA, Ingo Molnar,
	bp-Gina5bIWoIWzQB+pC5nmwQ, Andy Lutomirski,
	hpa-YMNOUZJC4hwAvxtiuMwx3w, tglx-hfZtesqFncYOwBW4kG4KsQ

Hi Ingo,

On Wed, Sep 14, 2016 at 05:26:48PM +0200, Ingo Molnar wrote:
> 
> Cool, thanks! I'll put this into tip:x86/asm which has the virtually mapped stack 
> patches - ok?

Yeah, sure, that is the best thing to do. Just wait for the v2 I'll
sending tomorrow. I just realised that the locking is not correct in one
of the cases with this patch and I'd like to fix that first.


Thanks,

	Joerg

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 7+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] iommu/amd: Don't put completion-wait semaphore on stack
       [not found]         ` <20160914212712.GD1437-zLv9SwRftAIdnm+yROfE0A@public.gmane.org>
@ 2016-09-14 21:38           ` Joerg Roedel
       [not found]             ` <20160914213835.GA28800-l3A5Bk7waGM@public.gmane.org>
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 7+ messages in thread
From: Joerg Roedel @ 2016-09-14 21:38 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Joerg Roedel
  Cc: x86-DgEjT+Ai2ygdnm+yROfE0A,
	iommu-cunTk1MwBs9QetFLy7KEm3xJsTq8ys+cHZ5vskTnxNA, Ingo Molnar,
	bp-Gina5bIWoIWzQB+pC5nmwQ, Andy Lutomirski,
	hpa-YMNOUZJC4hwAvxtiuMwx3w, tglx-hfZtesqFncYOwBW4kG4KsQ,
	Ingo Molnar

On Wed, Sep 14, 2016 at 11:27:12PM +0200, Joerg Roedel wrote:
> On Wed, Sep 14, 2016 at 05:26:48PM +0200, Ingo Molnar wrote:
> > 
> > Cool, thanks! I'll put this into tip:x86/asm which has the virtually mapped stack 
> > patches - ok?
> 
> Yeah, sure, that is the best thing to do. Just wait for the v2 I'll
> sending tomorrow. I just realised that the locking is not correct in one
> of the cases with this patch and I'd like to fix that first.

Oh sorry, just saw the tip-bot mail. Let me know whether you can still
remove it and just take v2 or if you want a follow-on patch.


Thanks,

	Joerg

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 7+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] iommu/amd: Don't put completion-wait semaphore on stack
       [not found]             ` <20160914213835.GA28800-l3A5Bk7waGM@public.gmane.org>
@ 2016-09-15  5:44               ` Ingo Molnar
       [not found]                 ` <20160915054435.GA25155-Re5JQEeQqe8AvxtiuMwx3w@public.gmane.org>
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 7+ messages in thread
From: Ingo Molnar @ 2016-09-15  5:44 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Joerg Roedel
  Cc: x86-DgEjT+Ai2ygdnm+yROfE0A,
	iommu-cunTk1MwBs9QetFLy7KEm3xJsTq8ys+cHZ5vskTnxNA, Ingo Molnar,
	bp-Gina5bIWoIWzQB+pC5nmwQ, Andy Lutomirski,
	hpa-YMNOUZJC4hwAvxtiuMwx3w, tglx-hfZtesqFncYOwBW4kG4KsQ


* Joerg Roedel <jroedel-l3A5Bk7waGM@public.gmane.org> wrote:

> On Wed, Sep 14, 2016 at 11:27:12PM +0200, Joerg Roedel wrote:
> > On Wed, Sep 14, 2016 at 05:26:48PM +0200, Ingo Molnar wrote:
> > > 
> > > Cool, thanks! I'll put this into tip:x86/asm which has the virtually mapped stack 
> > > patches - ok?
> > 
> > Yeah, sure, that is the best thing to do. Just wait for the v2 I'll
> > sending tomorrow. I just realised that the locking is not correct in one
> > of the cases with this patch and I'd like to fix that first.
> 
> Oh sorry, just saw the tip-bot mail. Let me know whether you can still
> remove it and just take v2 or if you want a follow-on patch.

Yeah, I can still remove it - just zapped it in fact.

Thanks,

	Ingo

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 7+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v2] iommu/amd: Don't put completion-wait semaphore on stack
       [not found]                 ` <20160915054435.GA25155-Re5JQEeQqe8AvxtiuMwx3w@public.gmane.org>
@ 2016-09-15  8:29                   ` Joerg Roedel
       [not found]                     ` <20160915082931.GF1437-zLv9SwRftAIdnm+yROfE0A@public.gmane.org>
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 7+ messages in thread
From: Joerg Roedel @ 2016-09-15  8:29 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Ingo Molnar
  Cc: Joerg Roedel, x86-DgEjT+Ai2ygdnm+yROfE0A,
	iommu-cunTk1MwBs9QetFLy7KEm3xJsTq8ys+cHZ5vskTnxNA, Ingo Molnar,
	bp-Gina5bIWoIWzQB+pC5nmwQ, Andy Lutomirski,
	hpa-YMNOUZJC4hwAvxtiuMwx3w, tglx-hfZtesqFncYOwBW4kG4KsQ

Hi Ingo,

On Thu, Sep 15, 2016 at 07:44:35AM +0200, Ingo Molnar wrote:
> Yeah, I can still remove it - just zapped it in fact.

Thanks, and sorry for the hassle. Here is the v2 patch that has the
correct locking. I tested it with and without lockdep enabled and also
under some load. Looks all fine.

So here is the patch:

>From 9becedb853c682c3fc3dd5574b933df216d91acd Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Joerg Roedel <jroedel-l3A5Bk7waGM@public.gmane.org>
Date: Wed, 14 Sep 2016 11:41:59 +0200
Subject: [PATCH] iommu/amd: Don't put completion-wait semaphore on stack

The semaphore used by the AMD IOMMU to signal command
completion lived on the stack until now, which was safe as
the driver busy-waited on the semaphore with IRQs disabled,
so the stack can't go away under the driver.

But the recently introduced vmap-based stacks break this as
the physical address of the semaphore can't be determinded
easily anymore. The driver used the __pa() macro, but that
only works in the direct-mapping. The result were
Completion-Wait timeout errors seen by the IOMMU driver,
breaking system boot.

Since putting the semaphore on the stack is bad design
anyway, move the semaphore into 'struct amd_iommu'. It is
protected by the per-iommu lock and now in the direct
mapping again. This fixes the Completion-Wait timeout errors
and makes AMD IOMMU systems boot again with vmap-based
stacks enabled.

Reported-by: Borislav Petkov <bp-Gina5bIWoIWzQB+pC5nmwQ@public.gmane.org>
Signed-off-by: Joerg Roedel <jroedel-l3A5Bk7waGM@public.gmane.org>
---
 drivers/iommu/amd_iommu.c       | 51 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------------
 drivers/iommu/amd_iommu_types.h |  2 ++
 2 files changed, 37 insertions(+), 16 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/iommu/amd_iommu.c b/drivers/iommu/amd_iommu.c
index 96de97a..4025291 100644
--- a/drivers/iommu/amd_iommu.c
+++ b/drivers/iommu/amd_iommu.c
@@ -940,15 +940,13 @@ static void build_inv_irt(struct iommu_cmd *cmd, u16 devid)
  * Writes the command to the IOMMUs command buffer and informs the
  * hardware about the new command.
  */
-static int iommu_queue_command_sync(struct amd_iommu *iommu,
-				    struct iommu_cmd *cmd,
-				    bool sync)
+static int __iommu_queue_command_sync(struct amd_iommu *iommu,
+				      struct iommu_cmd *cmd,
+				      bool sync)
 {
 	u32 left, tail, head, next_tail;
-	unsigned long flags;
 
 again:
-	spin_lock_irqsave(&iommu->lock, flags);
 
 	head      = readl(iommu->mmio_base + MMIO_CMD_HEAD_OFFSET);
 	tail      = readl(iommu->mmio_base + MMIO_CMD_TAIL_OFFSET);
@@ -957,15 +955,14 @@ again:
 
 	if (left <= 2) {
 		struct iommu_cmd sync_cmd;
-		volatile u64 sem = 0;
 		int ret;
 
-		build_completion_wait(&sync_cmd, (u64)&sem);
-		copy_cmd_to_buffer(iommu, &sync_cmd, tail);
+		iommu->cmd_sem = 0;
 
-		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&iommu->lock, flags);
+		build_completion_wait(&sync_cmd, (u64)&iommu->cmd_sem);
+		copy_cmd_to_buffer(iommu, &sync_cmd, tail);
 
-		if ((ret = wait_on_sem(&sem)) != 0)
+		if ((ret = wait_on_sem(&iommu->cmd_sem)) != 0)
 			return ret;
 
 		goto again;
@@ -976,9 +973,21 @@ again:
 	/* We need to sync now to make sure all commands are processed */
 	iommu->need_sync = sync;
 
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int iommu_queue_command_sync(struct amd_iommu *iommu,
+				    struct iommu_cmd *cmd,
+				    bool sync)
+{
+	unsigned long flags;
+	int ret;
+
+	spin_lock_irqsave(&iommu->lock, flags);
+	ret = __iommu_queue_command_sync(iommu, cmd, sync);
 	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&iommu->lock, flags);
 
-	return 0;
+	return ret;
 }
 
 static int iommu_queue_command(struct amd_iommu *iommu, struct iommu_cmd *cmd)
@@ -993,19 +1002,29 @@ static int iommu_queue_command(struct amd_iommu *iommu, struct iommu_cmd *cmd)
 static int iommu_completion_wait(struct amd_iommu *iommu)
 {
 	struct iommu_cmd cmd;
-	volatile u64 sem = 0;
+	unsigned long flags;
 	int ret;
 
 	if (!iommu->need_sync)
 		return 0;
 
-	build_completion_wait(&cmd, (u64)&sem);
 
-	ret = iommu_queue_command_sync(iommu, &cmd, false);
+	build_completion_wait(&cmd, (u64)&iommu->cmd_sem);
+
+	spin_lock_irqsave(&iommu->lock, flags);
+
+	iommu->cmd_sem = 0;
+
+	ret = __iommu_queue_command_sync(iommu, &cmd, false);
 	if (ret)
-		return ret;
+		goto out_unlock;
+
+	ret = wait_on_sem(&iommu->cmd_sem);
 
-	return wait_on_sem(&sem);
+out_unlock:
+	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&iommu->lock, flags);
+
+	return ret;
 }
 
 static int iommu_flush_dte(struct amd_iommu *iommu, u16 devid)
diff --git a/drivers/iommu/amd_iommu_types.h b/drivers/iommu/amd_iommu_types.h
index caf5e38..9652848 100644
--- a/drivers/iommu/amd_iommu_types.h
+++ b/drivers/iommu/amd_iommu_types.h
@@ -524,6 +524,8 @@ struct amd_iommu {
 	struct irq_domain *ir_domain;
 	struct irq_domain *msi_domain;
 #endif
+
+	volatile u64 __aligned(8) cmd_sem;
 };
 
 #define ACPIHID_UID_LEN 256
-- 
2.6.2

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 7+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v2] iommu/amd: Don't put completion-wait semaphore on stack
       [not found]                     ` <20160915082931.GF1437-zLv9SwRftAIdnm+yROfE0A@public.gmane.org>
@ 2016-09-15  9:28                       ` Ingo Molnar
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 7+ messages in thread
From: Ingo Molnar @ 2016-09-15  9:28 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Joerg Roedel
  Cc: Joerg Roedel, x86-DgEjT+Ai2ygdnm+yROfE0A,
	iommu-cunTk1MwBs9QetFLy7KEm3xJsTq8ys+cHZ5vskTnxNA, Ingo Molnar,
	bp-Gina5bIWoIWzQB+pC5nmwQ, Andy Lutomirski,
	hpa-YMNOUZJC4hwAvxtiuMwx3w, tglx-hfZtesqFncYOwBW4kG4KsQ


* Joerg Roedel <joro-zLv9SwRftAIdnm+yROfE0A@public.gmane.org> wrote:

> Hi Ingo,
> 
> On Thu, Sep 15, 2016 at 07:44:35AM +0200, Ingo Molnar wrote:
> > Yeah, I can still remove it - just zapped it in fact.
> 
> Thanks, and sorry for the hassle. Here is the v2 patch that has the
> correct locking. I tested it with and without lockdep enabled and also
> under some load. Looks all fine.

Thanks a lot for the quick response!

	Ingo

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 7+ messages in thread

end of thread, other threads:[~2016-09-15  9:28 UTC | newest]

Thread overview: 7+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
-- links below jump to the message on this page --
2016-09-14  9:41 [PATCH] iommu/amd: Don't put completion-wait semaphore on stack Joerg Roedel
     [not found] ` <1473846119-9527-1-git-send-email-joro-zLv9SwRftAIdnm+yROfE0A@public.gmane.org>
2016-09-14 15:26   ` Ingo Molnar
     [not found]     ` <20160914152647.GA13814-Re5JQEeQqe8AvxtiuMwx3w@public.gmane.org>
2016-09-14 21:27       ` Joerg Roedel
     [not found]         ` <20160914212712.GD1437-zLv9SwRftAIdnm+yROfE0A@public.gmane.org>
2016-09-14 21:38           ` Joerg Roedel
     [not found]             ` <20160914213835.GA28800-l3A5Bk7waGM@public.gmane.org>
2016-09-15  5:44               ` Ingo Molnar
     [not found]                 ` <20160915054435.GA25155-Re5JQEeQqe8AvxtiuMwx3w@public.gmane.org>
2016-09-15  8:29                   ` [PATCH v2] " Joerg Roedel
     [not found]                     ` <20160915082931.GF1437-zLv9SwRftAIdnm+yROfE0A@public.gmane.org>
2016-09-15  9:28                       ` Ingo Molnar

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