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From: Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>
To: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>,
	linux-parisc@vger.kernel.org,
	John David Anglin <dave.anglin@bell.net>
Cc: LKML <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>,
	Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>,
	Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>,
	Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>,
	John Stultz <john.stultz@linaro.org>,
	linux-m68k@lists.linux-m68k.org, dhowells@redhat.com
Subject: Re: [patch 1/4] hrtimer: Handle remaining time proper for TIME_LOW_RES
Date: Sat, 16 Jan 2016 19:36:47 +0100	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20160116183647.GA6184@ls3530.box> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20160114164159.273328486@linutronix.de>


Hi Thomas,

* Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>:
> If CONFIG_TIME_LOW_RES is enabled we add a jiffie to the relative timeout to
> prevent short sleeps, but we do not account for that in interfaces which
> retrieve the remaining time.
> 
> Helge observed that timerfd can return a remaining time larger than the
> relative timeout. That's not expected and breaks userland test programs.
> 
> Store the information that the timer was armed relative and provide functions
> to adjust the remaining time. To avoid bloating the hrtimer struct make state
> a u8, which as a bonus results in better code on x86 at least.
> 
> Reported-by: Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>
> Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>

Great!
You can add for this series:
Tested-by: Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>

Any chance it can get backported to v4.4 ?

Thanks,
Helge

> ---
>  include/linux/hrtimer.h  |   34 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
>  kernel/time/hrtimer.c    |   55 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----------------
>  kernel/time/timer_list.c |    2 -
>  3 files changed, 69 insertions(+), 22 deletions(-)
> 
> --- a/include/linux/hrtimer.h
> +++ b/include/linux/hrtimer.h
> @@ -87,7 +87,8 @@ enum hrtimer_restart {
>   * @function:	timer expiry callback function
>   * @base:	pointer to the timer base (per cpu and per clock)
>   * @state:	state information (See bit values above)
> - * @start_pid: timer statistics field to store the pid of the task which
> + * @is_rel:	Set if the timer was armed relative
> + * @start_pid:  timer statistics field to store the pid of the task which
>   *		started the timer
>   * @start_site:	timer statistics field to store the site where the timer
>   *		was started
> @@ -101,7 +102,8 @@ struct hrtimer {
>  	ktime_t				_softexpires;
>  	enum hrtimer_restart		(*function)(struct hrtimer *);
>  	struct hrtimer_clock_base	*base;
> -	unsigned long			state;
> +	u8				state;
> +	u8				is_rel;
>  #ifdef CONFIG_TIMER_STATS
>  	int				start_pid;
>  	void				*start_site;
> @@ -321,6 +323,27 @@ static inline void clock_was_set_delayed
>  
>  #endif
>  
> +static inline ktime_t
> +__hrtimer_expires_remaining_adjusted(const struct hrtimer *timer, ktime_t now)
> +{
> +	ktime_t rem = ktime_sub(timer->node.expires, now);
> +
> +	/*
> +	 * Adjust relative timers for the extra we added in
> +	 * hrtimer_start_range_ns() to prevent short timeouts.
> +	 */
> +	if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_TIME_LOW_RES) && timer->is_rel)
> +		rem.tv64 -= hrtimer_resolution;
> +	return rem;
> +}
> +
> +static inline ktime_t
> +hrtimer_expires_remaining_adjusted(const struct hrtimer *timer)
> +{
> +	return __hrtimer_expires_remaining_adjusted(timer,
> +						    timer->base->get_time());
> +}
> +
>  extern void clock_was_set(void);
>  #ifdef CONFIG_TIMERFD
>  extern void timerfd_clock_was_set(void);
> @@ -390,7 +413,12 @@ static inline void hrtimer_restart(struc
>  }
>  
>  /* Query timers: */
> -extern ktime_t hrtimer_get_remaining(const struct hrtimer *timer);
> +extern ktime_t __hrtimer_get_remaining(const struct hrtimer *timer, bool adjust);
> +
> +static inline ktime_t hrtimer_get_remaining(const struct hrtimer *timer)
> +{
> +	return __hrtimer_get_remaining(timer, false);
> +}
>  
>  extern u64 hrtimer_get_next_event(void);
>  
> --- a/kernel/time/hrtimer.c
> +++ b/kernel/time/hrtimer.c
> @@ -897,10 +897,10 @@ static int enqueue_hrtimer(struct hrtime
>   */
>  static void __remove_hrtimer(struct hrtimer *timer,
>  			     struct hrtimer_clock_base *base,
> -			     unsigned long newstate, int reprogram)
> +			     u8 newstate, int reprogram)
>  {
>  	struct hrtimer_cpu_base *cpu_base = base->cpu_base;
> -	unsigned int state = timer->state;
> +	u8 state = timer->state;
>  
>  	timer->state = newstate;
>  	if (!(state & HRTIMER_STATE_ENQUEUED))
> @@ -930,7 +930,7 @@ static inline int
>  remove_hrtimer(struct hrtimer *timer, struct hrtimer_clock_base *base, bool restart)
>  {
>  	if (hrtimer_is_queued(timer)) {
> -		unsigned long state = timer->state;
> +		u8 state = timer->state;
>  		int reprogram;
>  
>  		/*
> @@ -954,6 +954,22 @@ remove_hrtimer(struct hrtimer *timer, st
>  	return 0;
>  }
>  
> +static inline ktime_t hrtimer_update_lowres(struct hrtimer *timer, ktime_t tim,
> +					    const enum hrtimer_mode mode)
> +{
> +#ifdef CONFIG_TIME_LOW_RES
> +	/*
> +	 * CONFIG_TIME_LOW_RES indicates that the system has no way to return
> +	 * granular time values. For relative timers we add hrtimer_resolution
> +	 * (i.e. one jiffie) to prevent short timeouts.
> +	 */
> +	timer->is_rel = mode & HRTIMER_MODE_REL;
> +	if (timer->is_rel)
> +		tim = ktime_add_safe(tim, ktime_set(0, hrtimer_resolution));
> +#endif
> +	return tim;
> +}
> +
>  /**
>   * hrtimer_start_range_ns - (re)start an hrtimer on the current CPU
>   * @timer:	the timer to be added
> @@ -974,19 +990,10 @@ void hrtimer_start_range_ns(struct hrtim
>  	/* Remove an active timer from the queue: */
>  	remove_hrtimer(timer, base, true);
>  
> -	if (mode & HRTIMER_MODE_REL) {
> +	if (mode & HRTIMER_MODE_REL)
>  		tim = ktime_add_safe(tim, base->get_time());
> -		/*
> -		 * CONFIG_TIME_LOW_RES is a temporary way for architectures
> -		 * to signal that they simply return xtime in
> -		 * do_gettimeoffset(). In this case we want to round up by
> -		 * resolution when starting a relative timer, to avoid short
> -		 * timeouts. This will go away with the GTOD framework.
> -		 */
> -#ifdef CONFIG_TIME_LOW_RES
> -		tim = ktime_add_safe(tim, ktime_set(0, hrtimer_resolution));
> -#endif
> -	}
> +
> +	tim = hrtimer_update_lowres(timer, tim, mode);
>  
>  	hrtimer_set_expires_range_ns(timer, tim, delta_ns);
>  
> @@ -1074,19 +1081,23 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(hrtimer_cancel);
>  /**
>   * hrtimer_get_remaining - get remaining time for the timer
>   * @timer:	the timer to read
> + * @adjust:	adjust relative timers when CONFIG_TIME_LOW_RES=y
>   */
> -ktime_t hrtimer_get_remaining(const struct hrtimer *timer)
> +ktime_t __hrtimer_get_remaining(const struct hrtimer *timer, bool adjust)
>  {
>  	unsigned long flags;
>  	ktime_t rem;
>  
>  	lock_hrtimer_base(timer, &flags);
> -	rem = hrtimer_expires_remaining(timer);
> +	if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_TIME_LOW_RES) && adjust)
> +		rem = hrtimer_expires_remaining_adjusted(timer);
> +	else
> +		rem = hrtimer_expires_remaining(timer);
>  	unlock_hrtimer_base(timer, &flags);
>  
>  	return rem;
>  }
> -EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(hrtimer_get_remaining);
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__hrtimer_get_remaining);
>  
>  #ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ_COMMON
>  /**
> @@ -1220,6 +1231,14 @@ static void __run_hrtimer(struct hrtimer
>  	fn = timer->function;
>  
>  	/*
> +	 * Clear the 'is relative' flag for the TIME_LOW_RES case. If the
> +	 * timer is restarted with a period then it becomes an absolute
> +	 * timer. If its not restarted it does not matter.
> +	 */
> +	if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_TIME_LOW_RES))
> +		timer->is_rel = false;
> +
> +	/*
>  	 * Because we run timers from hardirq context, there is no chance
>  	 * they get migrated to another cpu, therefore its safe to unlock
>  	 * the timer base.
> --- a/kernel/time/timer_list.c
> +++ b/kernel/time/timer_list.c
> @@ -69,7 +69,7 @@ print_timer(struct seq_file *m, struct h
>  	print_name_offset(m, taddr);
>  	SEQ_printf(m, ", ");
>  	print_name_offset(m, timer->function);
> -	SEQ_printf(m, ", S:%02lx", timer->state);
> +	SEQ_printf(m, ", S:%02x", timer->state);
>  #ifdef CONFIG_TIMER_STATS
>  	SEQ_printf(m, ", ");
>  	print_name_offset(m, timer->start_site);
> 
> 

WARNING: multiple messages have this Message-ID
From: Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>
To: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>,
	linux-parisc@vger.kernel.org,
	John David Anglin <dave.anglin@bell.net>
Cc: LKML <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>,
	Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>,
	Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>,
	Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>,
	John Stultz <john.stultz@linaro.org>,
	linux-m68k@vger.kernel.org, dhowells@redhat.com
Subject: Re: [patch 1/4] hrtimer: Handle remaining time proper for TIME_LOW_RES
Date: Sat, 16 Jan 2016 19:36:47 +0100	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20160116183647.GA6184@ls3530.box> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20160114164159.273328486@linutronix.de>


Hi Thomas,

* Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>:
> If CONFIG_TIME_LOW_RES is enabled we add a jiffie to the relative timeout to
> prevent short sleeps, but we do not account for that in interfaces which
> retrieve the remaining time.
> 
> Helge observed that timerfd can return a remaining time larger than the
> relative timeout. That's not expected and breaks userland test programs.
> 
> Store the information that the timer was armed relative and provide functions
> to adjust the remaining time. To avoid bloating the hrtimer struct make state
> a u8, which as a bonus results in better code on x86 at least.
> 
> Reported-by: Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>
> Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>

Great!
You can add for this series:
Tested-by: Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>

Any chance it can get backported to v4.4 ?

Thanks,
Helge

> ---
>  include/linux/hrtimer.h  |   34 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
>  kernel/time/hrtimer.c    |   55 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----------------
>  kernel/time/timer_list.c |    2 -
>  3 files changed, 69 insertions(+), 22 deletions(-)
> 
> --- a/include/linux/hrtimer.h
> +++ b/include/linux/hrtimer.h
> @@ -87,7 +87,8 @@ enum hrtimer_restart {
>   * @function:	timer expiry callback function
>   * @base:	pointer to the timer base (per cpu and per clock)
>   * @state:	state information (See bit values above)
> - * @start_pid: timer statistics field to store the pid of the task which
> + * @is_rel:	Set if the timer was armed relative
> + * @start_pid:  timer statistics field to store the pid of the task which
>   *		started the timer
>   * @start_site:	timer statistics field to store the site where the timer
>   *		was started
> @@ -101,7 +102,8 @@ struct hrtimer {
>  	ktime_t				_softexpires;
>  	enum hrtimer_restart		(*function)(struct hrtimer *);
>  	struct hrtimer_clock_base	*base;
> -	unsigned long			state;
> +	u8				state;
> +	u8				is_rel;
>  #ifdef CONFIG_TIMER_STATS
>  	int				start_pid;
>  	void				*start_site;
> @@ -321,6 +323,27 @@ static inline void clock_was_set_delayed
>  
>  #endif
>  
> +static inline ktime_t
> +__hrtimer_expires_remaining_adjusted(const struct hrtimer *timer, ktime_t now)
> +{
> +	ktime_t rem = ktime_sub(timer->node.expires, now);
> +
> +	/*
> +	 * Adjust relative timers for the extra we added in
> +	 * hrtimer_start_range_ns() to prevent short timeouts.
> +	 */
> +	if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_TIME_LOW_RES) && timer->is_rel)
> +		rem.tv64 -= hrtimer_resolution;
> +	return rem;
> +}
> +
> +static inline ktime_t
> +hrtimer_expires_remaining_adjusted(const struct hrtimer *timer)
> +{
> +	return __hrtimer_expires_remaining_adjusted(timer,
> +						    timer->base->get_time());
> +}
> +
>  extern void clock_was_set(void);
>  #ifdef CONFIG_TIMERFD
>  extern void timerfd_clock_was_set(void);
> @@ -390,7 +413,12 @@ static inline void hrtimer_restart(struc
>  }
>  
>  /* Query timers: */
> -extern ktime_t hrtimer_get_remaining(const struct hrtimer *timer);
> +extern ktime_t __hrtimer_get_remaining(const struct hrtimer *timer, bool adjust);
> +
> +static inline ktime_t hrtimer_get_remaining(const struct hrtimer *timer)
> +{
> +	return __hrtimer_get_remaining(timer, false);
> +}
>  
>  extern u64 hrtimer_get_next_event(void);
>  
> --- a/kernel/time/hrtimer.c
> +++ b/kernel/time/hrtimer.c
> @@ -897,10 +897,10 @@ static int enqueue_hrtimer(struct hrtime
>   */
>  static void __remove_hrtimer(struct hrtimer *timer,
>  			     struct hrtimer_clock_base *base,
> -			     unsigned long newstate, int reprogram)
> +			     u8 newstate, int reprogram)
>  {
>  	struct hrtimer_cpu_base *cpu_base = base->cpu_base;
> -	unsigned int state = timer->state;
> +	u8 state = timer->state;
>  
>  	timer->state = newstate;
>  	if (!(state & HRTIMER_STATE_ENQUEUED))
> @@ -930,7 +930,7 @@ static inline int
>  remove_hrtimer(struct hrtimer *timer, struct hrtimer_clock_base *base, bool restart)
>  {
>  	if (hrtimer_is_queued(timer)) {
> -		unsigned long state = timer->state;
> +		u8 state = timer->state;
>  		int reprogram;
>  
>  		/*
> @@ -954,6 +954,22 @@ remove_hrtimer(struct hrtimer *timer, st
>  	return 0;
>  }
>  
> +static inline ktime_t hrtimer_update_lowres(struct hrtimer *timer, ktime_t tim,
> +					    const enum hrtimer_mode mode)
> +{
> +#ifdef CONFIG_TIME_LOW_RES
> +	/*
> +	 * CONFIG_TIME_LOW_RES indicates that the system has no way to return
> +	 * granular time values. For relative timers we add hrtimer_resolution
> +	 * (i.e. one jiffie) to prevent short timeouts.
> +	 */
> +	timer->is_rel = mode & HRTIMER_MODE_REL;
> +	if (timer->is_rel)
> +		tim = ktime_add_safe(tim, ktime_set(0, hrtimer_resolution));
> +#endif
> +	return tim;
> +}
> +
>  /**
>   * hrtimer_start_range_ns - (re)start an hrtimer on the current CPU
>   * @timer:	the timer to be added
> @@ -974,19 +990,10 @@ void hrtimer_start_range_ns(struct hrtim
>  	/* Remove an active timer from the queue: */
>  	remove_hrtimer(timer, base, true);
>  
> -	if (mode & HRTIMER_MODE_REL) {
> +	if (mode & HRTIMER_MODE_REL)
>  		tim = ktime_add_safe(tim, base->get_time());
> -		/*
> -		 * CONFIG_TIME_LOW_RES is a temporary way for architectures
> -		 * to signal that they simply return xtime in
> -		 * do_gettimeoffset(). In this case we want to round up by
> -		 * resolution when starting a relative timer, to avoid short
> -		 * timeouts. This will go away with the GTOD framework.
> -		 */
> -#ifdef CONFIG_TIME_LOW_RES
> -		tim = ktime_add_safe(tim, ktime_set(0, hrtimer_resolution));
> -#endif
> -	}
> +
> +	tim = hrtimer_update_lowres(timer, tim, mode);
>  
>  	hrtimer_set_expires_range_ns(timer, tim, delta_ns);
>  
> @@ -1074,19 +1081,23 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(hrtimer_cancel);
>  /**
>   * hrtimer_get_remaining - get remaining time for the timer
>   * @timer:	the timer to read
> + * @adjust:	adjust relative timers when CONFIG_TIME_LOW_RES=y
>   */
> -ktime_t hrtimer_get_remaining(const struct hrtimer *timer)
> +ktime_t __hrtimer_get_remaining(const struct hrtimer *timer, bool adjust)
>  {
>  	unsigned long flags;
>  	ktime_t rem;
>  
>  	lock_hrtimer_base(timer, &flags);
> -	rem = hrtimer_expires_remaining(timer);
> +	if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_TIME_LOW_RES) && adjust)
> +		rem = hrtimer_expires_remaining_adjusted(timer);
> +	else
> +		rem = hrtimer_expires_remaining(timer);
>  	unlock_hrtimer_base(timer, &flags);
>  
>  	return rem;
>  }
> -EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(hrtimer_get_remaining);
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__hrtimer_get_remaining);
>  
>  #ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ_COMMON
>  /**
> @@ -1220,6 +1231,14 @@ static void __run_hrtimer(struct hrtimer
>  	fn = timer->function;
>  
>  	/*
> +	 * Clear the 'is relative' flag for the TIME_LOW_RES case. If the
> +	 * timer is restarted with a period then it becomes an absolute
> +	 * timer. If its not restarted it does not matter.
> +	 */
> +	if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_TIME_LOW_RES))
> +		timer->is_rel = false;
> +
> +	/*
>  	 * Because we run timers from hardirq context, there is no chance
>  	 * they get migrated to another cpu, therefore its safe to unlock
>  	 * the timer base.
> --- a/kernel/time/timer_list.c
> +++ b/kernel/time/timer_list.c
> @@ -69,7 +69,7 @@ print_timer(struct seq_file *m, struct h
>  	print_name_offset(m, taddr);
>  	SEQ_printf(m, ", ");
>  	print_name_offset(m, timer->function);
> -	SEQ_printf(m, ", S:%02lx", timer->state);
> +	SEQ_printf(m, ", S:%02x", timer->state);
>  #ifdef CONFIG_TIMER_STATS
>  	SEQ_printf(m, ", ");
>  	print_name_offset(m, timer->start_site);
> 
> 

  reply	other threads:[~2016-01-16 18:36 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 17+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2016-01-14 16:54 [patch 0/4] hrtimers: Handle remaining time correctly for CONFIG_TIME_LOW_RES=y Thomas Gleixner
2016-01-14 16:54 ` Thomas Gleixner
2016-01-14 16:54 ` [patch 1/4] hrtimer: Handle remaining time proper for TIME_LOW_RES Thomas Gleixner
2016-01-14 16:54   ` Thomas Gleixner
2016-01-16 18:36   ` Helge Deller [this message]
2016-01-16 18:36     ` Helge Deller
2016-01-16 18:36   ` Helge Deller
2016-01-17 10:42   ` [tip:timers/urgent] " tip-bot for Thomas Gleixner
2016-01-14 16:54 ` [patch 2/4] timerfd: Handle relative timers with CONFIG_TIME_LOW_RES proper Thomas Gleixner
2016-01-17 10:43   ` [tip:timers/urgent] " tip-bot for Thomas Gleixner
2016-01-14 16:54 ` [patch 2/4] " Thomas Gleixner
2016-01-14 16:54 ` [patch 3/4] posix-timers: " Thomas Gleixner
2016-01-14 16:54   ` Thomas Gleixner
2016-01-17 10:43   ` [tip:timers/urgent] " tip-bot for Thomas Gleixner
2016-01-14 16:54 ` [patch 4/4] itimers: " Thomas Gleixner
2016-01-14 16:54 ` Thomas Gleixner
2016-01-17 10:43   ` [tip:timers/urgent] " tip-bot for Thomas Gleixner

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