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From: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
To: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>,
	Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>, <linux-mm@kvack.org>,
	LKML <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>,
	Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Subject: [PATCH] mm, sparse: do not swamp log with huge vmemmap allocation failures
Date: Mon,  6 Nov 2017 10:22:28 +0100	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20171106092228.31098-1-mhocko@kernel.org> (raw)

From: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>

While doing a memory hotplug tests under a heavy memory pressure we have
noticed too many page allocation failures when allocating vmemmap memmap
backed by huge page
[146792.281354] kworker/u3072:1: page allocation failure: order:9, mode:0x24084c0(GFP_KERNEL|__GFP_REPEAT|__GFP_ZERO)
[...]
[146792.281394] Call Trace:
[146792.281430]  [<ffffffff81019a99>] dump_trace+0x59/0x310
[146792.281436]  [<ffffffff81019e3a>] show_stack_log_lvl+0xea/0x170
[146792.281440]  [<ffffffff8101abc1>] show_stack+0x21/0x40
[146792.281448]  [<ffffffff8130f040>] dump_stack+0x5c/0x7c
[146792.281464]  [<ffffffff8118c982>] warn_alloc_failed+0xe2/0x150
[146792.281471]  [<ffffffff8118cddd>] __alloc_pages_nodemask+0x3ed/0xb20
[146792.281489]  [<ffffffff811d3aaf>] alloc_pages_current+0x7f/0x100
[146792.281503]  [<ffffffff815dfa2c>] vmemmap_alloc_block+0x79/0xb6
[146792.281510]  [<ffffffff815dfbd3>] __vmemmap_alloc_block_buf+0x136/0x145
[146792.281524]  [<ffffffff815dd0c5>] vmemmap_populate+0xd2/0x2b9
[146792.281529]  [<ffffffff815dffd9>] sparse_mem_map_populate+0x23/0x30
[146792.281532]  [<ffffffff815df88d>] sparse_add_one_section+0x68/0x18e
[146792.281537]  [<ffffffff815d9f5a>] __add_pages+0x10a/0x1d0
[146792.281553]  [<ffffffff8106249a>] arch_add_memory+0x4a/0xc0
[146792.281559]  [<ffffffff815da1f9>] add_memory_resource+0x89/0x160
[146792.281564]  [<ffffffff815da33d>] add_memory+0x6d/0xd0
[146792.281585]  [<ffffffff813d36c4>] acpi_memory_device_add+0x181/0x251
[146792.281597]  [<ffffffff813946e5>] acpi_bus_attach+0xfd/0x19b
[146792.281602]  [<ffffffff81394866>] acpi_bus_scan+0x59/0x69
[146792.281604]  [<ffffffff813949de>] acpi_device_hotplug+0xd2/0x41f
[146792.281608]  [<ffffffff8138db67>] acpi_hotplug_work_fn+0x1a/0x23
[146792.281623]  [<ffffffff81093cee>] process_one_work+0x14e/0x410
[146792.281630]  [<ffffffff81094546>] worker_thread+0x116/0x490
[146792.281637]  [<ffffffff810999ed>] kthread+0xbd/0xe0
[146792.281651]  [<ffffffff815e4e7f>] ret_from_fork+0x3f/0x70

and we do see many of those because essentially every the allocation
failes for each memory section. This is overly excessive way to tell
user that there is nothing to really worry about because we do have
a fallback mechanism to use base pages. The only downside might be a
performance degradation due to TLB pressure.

This patch changes vmemmap_alloc_block to use __GFP_NOWARN and warn
explicitly once on the first allocation failure. This will reduce the
noise in the kernel log considerably, while we still have an indication
that a performance might be impacted.

Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
---
Hi,
this has somehow fell of my radar completely. The patch is essentially
what Johannes suggested [1] so I have added his s-o-b and added the
changelog into it.

Can we have this merged?

[1] http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170711214541.GA11141@cmpxchg.org

 arch/x86/mm/init_64.c |  1 -
 mm/sparse-vmemmap.c   | 11 +++++++++--
 2 files changed, 9 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c b/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c
index 126e09625979..5eb954f930be 100644
--- a/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c
@@ -1405,7 +1405,6 @@ static int __meminit vmemmap_populate_hugepages(unsigned long start,
 			vmemmap_verify((pte_t *)pmd, node, addr, next);
 			continue;
 		}
-		pr_warn_once("vmemmap: falling back to regular page backing\n");
 		if (vmemmap_populate_basepages(addr, next, node))
 			return -ENOMEM;
 	}
diff --git a/mm/sparse-vmemmap.c b/mm/sparse-vmemmap.c
index d0860aab1c89..3f85084cb8bb 100644
--- a/mm/sparse-vmemmap.c
+++ b/mm/sparse-vmemmap.c
@@ -52,12 +52,19 @@ void * __meminit vmemmap_alloc_block(unsigned long size, int node)
 {
 	/* If the main allocator is up use that, fallback to bootmem. */
 	if (slab_is_available()) {
+		gfp_t gfp_mask = GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_RETRY_MAYFAIL | __GFP_NOWARN;
+		int order = get_order(size);
+		static bool warned;
 		struct page *page;
 
-		page = alloc_pages_node(node, GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_RETRY_MAYFAIL,
-					get_order(size));
+		page = alloc_pages_node(node, gfp_mask, order);
 		if (page)
 			return page_address(page);
+
+		if (!warned) {
+			warn_alloc(gfp_mask, NULL, "vmemmap alloc failure: order:%u", order);
+			warned = true;
+		}
 		return NULL;
 	} else
 		return __earlyonly_bootmem_alloc(node, size, size,
-- 
2.14.2

WARNING: multiple messages have this Message-ID
From: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
To: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>,
	Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>,
	linux-mm@kvack.org, LKML <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>,
	Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Subject: [PATCH] mm, sparse: do not swamp log with huge vmemmap allocation failures
Date: Mon,  6 Nov 2017 10:22:28 +0100	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20171106092228.31098-1-mhocko@kernel.org> (raw)

From: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>

While doing a memory hotplug tests under a heavy memory pressure we have
noticed too many page allocation failures when allocating vmemmap memmap
backed by huge page
[146792.281354] kworker/u3072:1: page allocation failure: order:9, mode:0x24084c0(GFP_KERNEL|__GFP_REPEAT|__GFP_ZERO)
[...]
[146792.281394] Call Trace:
[146792.281430]  [<ffffffff81019a99>] dump_trace+0x59/0x310
[146792.281436]  [<ffffffff81019e3a>] show_stack_log_lvl+0xea/0x170
[146792.281440]  [<ffffffff8101abc1>] show_stack+0x21/0x40
[146792.281448]  [<ffffffff8130f040>] dump_stack+0x5c/0x7c
[146792.281464]  [<ffffffff8118c982>] warn_alloc_failed+0xe2/0x150
[146792.281471]  [<ffffffff8118cddd>] __alloc_pages_nodemask+0x3ed/0xb20
[146792.281489]  [<ffffffff811d3aaf>] alloc_pages_current+0x7f/0x100
[146792.281503]  [<ffffffff815dfa2c>] vmemmap_alloc_block+0x79/0xb6
[146792.281510]  [<ffffffff815dfbd3>] __vmemmap_alloc_block_buf+0x136/0x145
[146792.281524]  [<ffffffff815dd0c5>] vmemmap_populate+0xd2/0x2b9
[146792.281529]  [<ffffffff815dffd9>] sparse_mem_map_populate+0x23/0x30
[146792.281532]  [<ffffffff815df88d>] sparse_add_one_section+0x68/0x18e
[146792.281537]  [<ffffffff815d9f5a>] __add_pages+0x10a/0x1d0
[146792.281553]  [<ffffffff8106249a>] arch_add_memory+0x4a/0xc0
[146792.281559]  [<ffffffff815da1f9>] add_memory_resource+0x89/0x160
[146792.281564]  [<ffffffff815da33d>] add_memory+0x6d/0xd0
[146792.281585]  [<ffffffff813d36c4>] acpi_memory_device_add+0x181/0x251
[146792.281597]  [<ffffffff813946e5>] acpi_bus_attach+0xfd/0x19b
[146792.281602]  [<ffffffff81394866>] acpi_bus_scan+0x59/0x69
[146792.281604]  [<ffffffff813949de>] acpi_device_hotplug+0xd2/0x41f
[146792.281608]  [<ffffffff8138db67>] acpi_hotplug_work_fn+0x1a/0x23
[146792.281623]  [<ffffffff81093cee>] process_one_work+0x14e/0x410
[146792.281630]  [<ffffffff81094546>] worker_thread+0x116/0x490
[146792.281637]  [<ffffffff810999ed>] kthread+0xbd/0xe0
[146792.281651]  [<ffffffff815e4e7f>] ret_from_fork+0x3f/0x70

and we do see many of those because essentially every the allocation
failes for each memory section. This is overly excessive way to tell
user that there is nothing to really worry about because we do have
a fallback mechanism to use base pages. The only downside might be a
performance degradation due to TLB pressure.

This patch changes vmemmap_alloc_block to use __GFP_NOWARN and warn
explicitly once on the first allocation failure. This will reduce the
noise in the kernel log considerably, while we still have an indication
that a performance might be impacted.

Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
---
Hi,
this has somehow fell of my radar completely. The patch is essentially
what Johannes suggested [1] so I have added his s-o-b and added the
changelog into it.

Can we have this merged?

[1] http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170711214541.GA11141@cmpxchg.org

 arch/x86/mm/init_64.c |  1 -
 mm/sparse-vmemmap.c   | 11 +++++++++--
 2 files changed, 9 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c b/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c
index 126e09625979..5eb954f930be 100644
--- a/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c
@@ -1405,7 +1405,6 @@ static int __meminit vmemmap_populate_hugepages(unsigned long start,
 			vmemmap_verify((pte_t *)pmd, node, addr, next);
 			continue;
 		}
-		pr_warn_once("vmemmap: falling back to regular page backing\n");
 		if (vmemmap_populate_basepages(addr, next, node))
 			return -ENOMEM;
 	}
diff --git a/mm/sparse-vmemmap.c b/mm/sparse-vmemmap.c
index d0860aab1c89..3f85084cb8bb 100644
--- a/mm/sparse-vmemmap.c
+++ b/mm/sparse-vmemmap.c
@@ -52,12 +52,19 @@ void * __meminit vmemmap_alloc_block(unsigned long size, int node)
 {
 	/* If the main allocator is up use that, fallback to bootmem. */
 	if (slab_is_available()) {
+		gfp_t gfp_mask = GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_RETRY_MAYFAIL | __GFP_NOWARN;
+		int order = get_order(size);
+		static bool warned;
 		struct page *page;
 
-		page = alloc_pages_node(node, GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_RETRY_MAYFAIL,
-					get_order(size));
+		page = alloc_pages_node(node, gfp_mask, order);
 		if (page)
 			return page_address(page);
+
+		if (!warned) {
+			warn_alloc(gfp_mask, NULL, "vmemmap alloc failure: order:%u", order);
+			warned = true;
+		}
 		return NULL;
 	} else
 		return __earlyonly_bootmem_alloc(node, size, size,
-- 
2.14.2

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             reply	other threads:[~2017-11-06  9:22 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 51+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2017-11-06  9:22 Michal Hocko [this message]
2017-11-06  9:22 ` Michal Hocko
2017-11-06 17:35 ` Johannes Weiner
2017-11-06 17:35   ` Johannes Weiner
2017-11-06 17:57   ` Joe Perches
2017-11-06 18:14 ` Khalid Aziz
2017-11-06 18:14   ` Khalid Aziz
2017-11-06 18:18   ` Michal Hocko
2017-11-06 18:18     ` Michal Hocko
2017-11-06 20:17     ` Khalid Aziz
2017-11-06 20:17       ` Khalid Aziz
2017-11-07  9:06 ` Michal Hocko
2017-11-07  9:06   ` Michal Hocko
2017-11-06 20:56 [RFC PATCH for 4.15 00/14] Restartable sequences and CPU op vector v10 Mathieu Desnoyers
2017-11-06 20:56 ` Mathieu Desnoyers
2017-11-06 20:56 ` [RFC PATCH v10 for 4.15 01/14] Restartable sequences system call Mathieu Desnoyers
2017-11-07  1:24   ` Boqun Feng
2017-11-07  1:24     ` Boqun Feng
2017-11-07  2:20     ` Mathieu Desnoyers
2017-11-07  2:20       ` Mathieu Desnoyers
2017-11-06 20:56 ` [RFC PATCH for 4.15 02/14] Restartable sequences: ARM 32 architecture support Mathieu Desnoyers
2017-11-06 20:56 ` [RFC PATCH for 4.15 03/14] Restartable sequences: wire up ARM 32 system call Mathieu Desnoyers
2017-11-06 20:56 ` [RFC PATCH for 4.15 04/14] Restartable sequences: x86 32/64 architecture support Mathieu Desnoyers
2017-11-06 20:56 ` [RFC PATCH for 4.15 05/14] Restartable sequences: wire up x86 32/64 system call Mathieu Desnoyers
2017-11-06 20:56 ` [RFC PATCH for 4.15 06/14] Restartable sequences: powerpc architecture support Mathieu Desnoyers
2017-11-06 20:56   ` Mathieu Desnoyers
2017-11-06 20:56 ` [RFC PATCH for 4.15 07/14] Restartable sequences: Wire up powerpc system call Mathieu Desnoyers
2017-11-06 20:56   ` Mathieu Desnoyers
2017-11-06 20:56 ` [RFC PATCH v2 for 4.15 08/14] Provide cpu_opv " Mathieu Desnoyers
2017-11-07  2:07   ` Boqun Feng
2017-11-07  2:07     ` Boqun Feng
2017-11-07  2:40     ` Mathieu Desnoyers
2017-11-07  2:40       ` Mathieu Desnoyers
2017-11-07  3:03       ` Boqun Feng
2017-11-07  3:03         ` Boqun Feng
2017-11-06 20:56 ` [RFC PATCH for 4.15 09/14] cpu_opv: Wire up x86 32/64 " Mathieu Desnoyers
2017-11-06 20:56   ` Mathieu Desnoyers
2017-11-06 20:56 ` [RFC PATCH for 4.15 10/14] cpu_opv: Wire up powerpc " Mathieu Desnoyers
2017-11-06 20:56   ` Mathieu Desnoyers
2017-11-07  0:37   ` Nicholas Piggin
2017-11-07  0:37     ` Nicholas Piggin
2017-11-07  0:47     ` Mathieu Desnoyers
2017-11-07  0:47       ` Mathieu Desnoyers
2017-11-07  1:21       ` Nicholas Piggin
2017-11-07  1:21         ` Nicholas Piggin
2017-11-06 20:56 ` [RFC PATCH for 4.15 11/14] cpu_opv: Wire up ARM32 " Mathieu Desnoyers
2017-11-06 20:56 ` [RFC PATCH v2 for 4.15 12/14] cpu_opv: Implement selftests Mathieu Desnoyers
2017-11-06 20:56 ` [RFC PATCH v2 for 4.15 13/14] Restartable sequences: Provide self-tests Mathieu Desnoyers
2017-11-06 20:56   ` Mathieu Desnoyers
2017-11-06 20:56 ` [RFC PATCH for 4.15 14/14] Restartable sequences selftests: arm: workaround gcc asm size guess Mathieu Desnoyers
2017-11-06 20:56   ` Mathieu Desnoyers

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