All of lore.kernel.org
 help / color / mirror / Atom feed
From: Alexey Kardashevskiy <aik@ozlabs.ru>
To: Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com>
Cc: kvm@vger.kernel.org, linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, qemu-devel@nongnu.org
Subject: Re: [RFC PATCH] vfio/pci: Add ioeventfd support
Date: Thu, 8 Feb 2018 12:22:53 +1100	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <86c09adf-c4ab-5eca-629a-4d6c6a5692be@ozlabs.ru> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20180207071253.7c606594@w520.home>

On 08/02/18 01:12, Alex Williamson wrote:
> On Wed, 7 Feb 2018 15:48:26 +1100
> Alexey Kardashevskiy <aik@ozlabs.ru> wrote:
> 
>> On 07/02/18 15:25, Alex Williamson wrote:
>>> On Wed, 7 Feb 2018 15:09:22 +1100
>>> Alexey Kardashevskiy <aik@ozlabs.ru> wrote:  
>>>> On 07/02/18 11:08, Alex Williamson wrote:  
>>>>> diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/vfio.h b/include/uapi/linux/vfio.h
>>>>> index e3301dbd27d4..07966a5f0832 100644
>>>>> --- a/include/uapi/linux/vfio.h
>>>>> +++ b/include/uapi/linux/vfio.h
>>>>> @@ -503,6 +503,30 @@ struct vfio_pci_hot_reset {
>>>>>  
>>>>>  #define VFIO_DEVICE_PCI_HOT_RESET	_IO(VFIO_TYPE, VFIO_BASE + 13)
>>>>>  
>>>>> +/**
>>>>> + * VFIO_DEVICE_IOEVENTFD - _IOW(VFIO_TYPE, VFIO_BASE + 14,
>>>>> + *                              struct vfio_device_ioeventfd)
>>>>> + *
>>>>> + * Perform a write to the device at the specified device fd offset, with
>>>>> + * the specified data and width when the provided eventfd is triggered.
>>>>> + *
>>>>> + * Return: 0 on success, -errno on failure.
>>>>> + */
>>>>> +struct vfio_device_ioeventfd {
>>>>> +	__u32	argsz;
>>>>> +	__u32	flags;
>>>>> +#define VFIO_DEVICE_IOEVENTFD_8		(1 << 0) /* 1-byte write */
>>>>> +#define VFIO_DEVICE_IOEVENTFD_16	(1 << 1) /* 2-byte write */
>>>>> +#define VFIO_DEVICE_IOEVENTFD_32	(1 << 2) /* 4-byte write */
>>>>> +#define VFIO_DEVICE_IOEVENTFD_64	(1 << 3) /* 8-byte write */
>>>>> +#define VFIO_DEVICE_IOEVENTFD_SIZE_MASK	(0xf)
>>>>> +	__u64	offset;			/* device fd offset of write */
>>>>> +	__u64	data;			/* data to be written */
>>>>> +	__s32	fd;			/* -1 for de-assignment */
>>>>> +};
>>>>> +
>>>>> +#define VFIO_DEVICE_IOEVENTFD		_IO(VFIO_TYPE, VFIO_BASE + 14)    
>>>>
>>>>
>>>> Is this a first ioctl with endianness fixed to little-endian? I'd suggest
>>>> to comment on that as things like vfio_info_cap_header do use the host
>>>> endianness.  
>>>
>>> Look at our current read and write interface, we call leXX_to_cpu
>>> before calling iowriteXX there and I think a user would logically
>>> expect to use the same data format here as they would there.  
>>
>> If the data is "char data[8]" (i.e. bytestream), then it can be expected to
>> be device/bus endian (i.e. PCI == little endian), but if it is u64 - then I
>> am not so sure really, and this made me look around. It could be "__le64
>> data" too.
>>
>>> Also note
>>> that iowriteXX does a cpu_to_leXX, so are we really defining the
>>> interface as little-endian or are we just trying to make ourselves
>>> endian neutral and counter that implicit conversion?  Thanks,  
>>
>> Defining it LE is fine, I just find it a bit confusing when
>> vfio_info_cap_header is host endian but vfio_device_ioeventfd is not.
> 
> But I don't think we are defining the interface as little-endian.
> iowriteXX does a cpu_to_leXX byteswap.  Therefore in order to maintain
> endian neutrality, if the data does a cpu->le swap on the way out, I
> need to do a le->cpu swap on the way in, right?  Please defend the
> assertion that we're creating a little-endian interface.  Thanks,


vfio_pci_ioctl() passes "endian-neutral" ioeventfd.data to
vfio_pci_ioeventfd() which immediately does the leXX_to_cpu() conversion
(and uses the result later on in iowriteXX(), which is not VFIO API) so I
read it as the ioctl really expects LE.

The QEMU part - vfio_nvidia_mirror_quirk MR - does not swap bytes but the
MR itself it declared DEVICE_LITTLE_ENDIAN which means
vfio_nvidia_quirk_mirror_write() receives byteswapped @data in the host
endian == bigendian on a big endian host. So the ioctl() handler will
receive a BE value, do byteswap #1 in leXX_to_cpu(), and then do byteswap
#2 in iowriteXX() so after all a BE will be written to a device. So I'd say
we rather do not need leXX_to_cpu() in vfio_pci_ioeventfd(). Correct me
where I am wrong. Thanks,



-- 
Alexey

WARNING: multiple messages have this Message-ID
From: Alexey Kardashevskiy <aik@ozlabs.ru>
To: Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com>
Cc: kvm@vger.kernel.org, linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, qemu-devel@nongnu.org
Subject: Re: [Qemu-devel] [RFC PATCH] vfio/pci: Add ioeventfd support
Date: Thu, 8 Feb 2018 12:22:53 +1100	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <86c09adf-c4ab-5eca-629a-4d6c6a5692be@ozlabs.ru> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20180207071253.7c606594@w520.home>

On 08/02/18 01:12, Alex Williamson wrote:
> On Wed, 7 Feb 2018 15:48:26 +1100
> Alexey Kardashevskiy <aik@ozlabs.ru> wrote:
> 
>> On 07/02/18 15:25, Alex Williamson wrote:
>>> On Wed, 7 Feb 2018 15:09:22 +1100
>>> Alexey Kardashevskiy <aik@ozlabs.ru> wrote:  
>>>> On 07/02/18 11:08, Alex Williamson wrote:  
>>>>> diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/vfio.h b/include/uapi/linux/vfio.h
>>>>> index e3301dbd27d4..07966a5f0832 100644
>>>>> --- a/include/uapi/linux/vfio.h
>>>>> +++ b/include/uapi/linux/vfio.h
>>>>> @@ -503,6 +503,30 @@ struct vfio_pci_hot_reset {
>>>>>  
>>>>>  #define VFIO_DEVICE_PCI_HOT_RESET	_IO(VFIO_TYPE, VFIO_BASE + 13)
>>>>>  
>>>>> +/**
>>>>> + * VFIO_DEVICE_IOEVENTFD - _IOW(VFIO_TYPE, VFIO_BASE + 14,
>>>>> + *                              struct vfio_device_ioeventfd)
>>>>> + *
>>>>> + * Perform a write to the device at the specified device fd offset, with
>>>>> + * the specified data and width when the provided eventfd is triggered.
>>>>> + *
>>>>> + * Return: 0 on success, -errno on failure.
>>>>> + */
>>>>> +struct vfio_device_ioeventfd {
>>>>> +	__u32	argsz;
>>>>> +	__u32	flags;
>>>>> +#define VFIO_DEVICE_IOEVENTFD_8		(1 << 0) /* 1-byte write */
>>>>> +#define VFIO_DEVICE_IOEVENTFD_16	(1 << 1) /* 2-byte write */
>>>>> +#define VFIO_DEVICE_IOEVENTFD_32	(1 << 2) /* 4-byte write */
>>>>> +#define VFIO_DEVICE_IOEVENTFD_64	(1 << 3) /* 8-byte write */
>>>>> +#define VFIO_DEVICE_IOEVENTFD_SIZE_MASK	(0xf)
>>>>> +	__u64	offset;			/* device fd offset of write */
>>>>> +	__u64	data;			/* data to be written */
>>>>> +	__s32	fd;			/* -1 for de-assignment */
>>>>> +};
>>>>> +
>>>>> +#define VFIO_DEVICE_IOEVENTFD		_IO(VFIO_TYPE, VFIO_BASE + 14)    
>>>>
>>>>
>>>> Is this a first ioctl with endianness fixed to little-endian? I'd suggest
>>>> to comment on that as things like vfio_info_cap_header do use the host
>>>> endianness.  
>>>
>>> Look at our current read and write interface, we call leXX_to_cpu
>>> before calling iowriteXX there and I think a user would logically
>>> expect to use the same data format here as they would there.  
>>
>> If the data is "char data[8]" (i.e. bytestream), then it can be expected to
>> be device/bus endian (i.e. PCI == little endian), but if it is u64 - then I
>> am not so sure really, and this made me look around. It could be "__le64
>> data" too.
>>
>>> Also note
>>> that iowriteXX does a cpu_to_leXX, so are we really defining the
>>> interface as little-endian or are we just trying to make ourselves
>>> endian neutral and counter that implicit conversion?  Thanks,  
>>
>> Defining it LE is fine, I just find it a bit confusing when
>> vfio_info_cap_header is host endian but vfio_device_ioeventfd is not.
> 
> But I don't think we are defining the interface as little-endian.
> iowriteXX does a cpu_to_leXX byteswap.  Therefore in order to maintain
> endian neutrality, if the data does a cpu->le swap on the way out, I
> need to do a le->cpu swap on the way in, right?  Please defend the
> assertion that we're creating a little-endian interface.  Thanks,


vfio_pci_ioctl() passes "endian-neutral" ioeventfd.data to
vfio_pci_ioeventfd() which immediately does the leXX_to_cpu() conversion
(and uses the result later on in iowriteXX(), which is not VFIO API) so I
read it as the ioctl really expects LE.

The QEMU part - vfio_nvidia_mirror_quirk MR - does not swap bytes but the
MR itself it declared DEVICE_LITTLE_ENDIAN which means
vfio_nvidia_quirk_mirror_write() receives byteswapped @data in the host
endian == bigendian on a big endian host. So the ioctl() handler will
receive a BE value, do byteswap #1 in leXX_to_cpu(), and then do byteswap
#2 in iowriteXX() so after all a BE will be written to a device. So I'd say
we rather do not need leXX_to_cpu() in vfio_pci_ioeventfd(). Correct me
where I am wrong. Thanks,



-- 
Alexey

  reply	other threads:[~2018-02-08  1:23 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 22+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2018-02-07  0:08 Alex Williamson
2018-02-07  0:08 ` [Qemu-devel] " Alex Williamson
2018-02-07  4:09 ` Alexey Kardashevskiy
2018-02-07  4:09   ` [Qemu-devel] " Alexey Kardashevskiy
2018-02-07  4:25   ` Alex Williamson
2018-02-07  4:25     ` [Qemu-devel] " Alex Williamson
2018-02-07  4:48     ` Alexey Kardashevskiy
2018-02-07  4:48       ` [Qemu-devel] " Alexey Kardashevskiy
2018-02-07 14:12       ` Alex Williamson
2018-02-07 14:12         ` [Qemu-devel] " Alex Williamson
2018-02-08  1:22         ` Alexey Kardashevskiy [this message]
2018-02-08  1:22           ` Alexey Kardashevskiy
2018-03-13 12:38           ` Auger Eric
2018-03-13 12:38             ` [Qemu-devel] " Auger Eric
2018-03-15 21:23             ` Alex Williamson
2018-03-15 21:23               ` [Qemu-devel] " Alex Williamson
2018-02-07 15:46 ` Auger Eric
2018-02-07 16:57   ` Alex Williamson
2018-02-08 13:48     ` Auger Eric
2018-02-09  7:05 ` Peter Xu
2018-02-09 21:45   ` Alex Williamson
2018-02-11  3:09     ` Peter Xu

Reply instructions:

You may reply publicly to this message via plain-text email
using any one of the following methods:

* Save the following mbox file, import it into your mail client,
  and reply-to-all from there: mbox

  Avoid top-posting and favor interleaved quoting:
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Posting_style#Interleaved_style

* Reply using the --to, --cc, and --in-reply-to
  switches of git-send-email(1):

  git send-email \
    --in-reply-to=86c09adf-c4ab-5eca-629a-4d6c6a5692be@ozlabs.ru \
    --to=aik@ozlabs.ru \
    --cc=alex.williamson@redhat.com \
    --cc=kvm@vger.kernel.org \
    --cc=linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org \
    --cc=qemu-devel@nongnu.org \
    --subject='Re: [RFC PATCH] vfio/pci: Add ioeventfd support' \
    /path/to/YOUR_REPLY

  https://kernel.org/pub/software/scm/git/docs/git-send-email.html

* If your mail client supports setting the In-Reply-To header
  via mailto: links, try the mailto: link

This is an external index of several public inboxes,
see mirroring instructions on how to clone and mirror
all data and code used by this external index.