All of lore.kernel.org
 help / color / mirror / Atom feed
[meta-oe][PATCH] mongodb: Include <optional> c++ header
 2021-03-03 20:59 UTC 

[PATCH] drm/ttm: ioremap buffer according to TTM mem caching setting
 2021-03-03 20:59 UTC  (7+ messages)

[Bug 206203] New: kmemleak reports various leaks in drivers/of/unittest.c
 2021-03-03 20:57 UTC  (2+ messages)
` [Bug 206203] "

[PATCH v3 0/2] tests: Add functional test for out-of-process device emulation
 2021-03-03 20:53 UTC  (3+ messages)
` [PATCH v3 1/2] avocado_qemu: add exec_command function
` [PATCH v3 2/2] tests: Add functional test for out-of-process device emulation

[Intel-wired-lan] [PATCH net v1] igb: check timestamp validity
 2021-03-03 20:51 UTC 

[PATCH 3/4] station: set handshake offload if supported
 2021-03-03 20:50 UTC  (2+ messages)

[PATCH] drm/ttm: soften TTM warnings
 2021-03-03 20:48 UTC  (4+ messages)

[PATCH] drm/atomic: Add the crtc to affected crtc only if uapi.enable = true
 2021-03-03 20:44 UTC  (4+ messages)
  ` [Intel-gfx] "

[PATCH 2/4] handshake: add offload member
 2021-03-03 20:42 UTC  (2+ messages)

[meta-oe][PATCH] grpc: Upgrade to 1.36.1
 2021-03-03 20:42 UTC 

[PATCH 1/4] wiphy: add wiphy_can_offload API
 2021-03-03 20:41 UTC  (2+ messages)

[PATCH v4 00/16] gpio: Update and simplify the uclass API
 2021-03-03 20:39 UTC  (3+ messages)
` [PATCH v4 05/16] gpio: Drop dm_gpio_set_dir()

[Buildroot] [PATCH 1/1] package/libubootenv: bump to version e663439
 2021-03-03 20:39 UTC 

[Intel-gfx] [PATCH v2 00/16] Introduce Intel PXP
 2021-03-03 20:39 UTC  (3+ messages)
` [Intel-gfx] [PATCH v2 13/16] drm/i915/pxp: User interface for Protected buffer

[PATCH v3 00/41] test: Refactor tests to have a single test runner
 2021-03-03 20:37 UTC  (4+ messages)

[dpdk-dev] [RFC 0/1] lib/librte_ethdev: Meter algorithms support packet per second
 2021-03-03 20:35 UTC  (10+ messages)
` [dpdk-dev] [RFC v4 0/4] adds support PPS(packet per second) on meter
  ` [dpdk-dev] [RFC v4 1/4] ethdev: add meter PPS profile

[PATCH] arm: bump amount of PMU counters to pass SBSA ACS
 2021-03-03 20:33 UTC  (4+ messages)

[LTP] [PATCH] IMA: Allow only ima-buf template for key measurement
 2021-03-03 20:32 UTC 

OpenBMC event logs in WebUI
 2021-03-03 20:32 UTC  (2+ messages)

[meta-python][PATCH] python3-grpcio: Upgrade to 1.36.1
 2021-03-03 20:30 UTC 

[PATCH 1/5] ap: Refactor IP address selection
 2021-03-03 20:30 UTC  (2+ messages)

Reducing the perl footprint on my image
 2021-03-03 20:28 UTC  (6+ messages)
  ` [yocto] "

[OpenRISC] [PATCH 0/4] OpenRISC fixes and setjmp/longjmp work
 2021-03-03 20:25 UTC  (4+ messages)

[Intel-gfx] [PATCH] i915/query: Correlate engine and cpu timestamps with better accuracy
 2021-03-03 20:23 UTC  (2+ messages)
` [Intel-gfx] ✓ Fi.CI.IGT: success for "

[PATCH v2 00/42] esp: consolidate PDMA transfer buffers and other fixes
 2021-03-03 20:22 UTC  (17+ messages)
` [PATCH v2 35/42] esp: raise interrupt after every non-DMA byte transferred to the FIFO
` [PATCH v2 36/42] esp: add maxlen parameter to get_cmd()
` [PATCH v2 37/42] esp: transition to message out phase after SATN and stop command
` [PATCH v2 38/42] esp: convert ti_buf from array to Fifo8
` [PATCH v2 39/42] esp: convert cmdbuf "
` [PATCH v2 40/42] esp: add trivial implementation of the ESP_RFLAGS register
` [PATCH v2 41/42] esp: implement non-DMA transfers in PDMA mode
` [PATCH v2 42/42] esp: add support for unaligned accesses

[OpenRISC] [PATCH] openrisc: Define the elf binary entry point
 2021-03-03 20:19 UTC 

[meta-oe][PATCH] opengl-es-cts: Disable -Wuninitialized for external/amber
 2021-03-03 20:17 UTC 

[PATCH] arm-autonomy/linux-arm-autonomy: Drop XenStore initialisation patch
 2021-03-03 20:11 UTC  (2+ messages)
` [meta-arm] "

[PATCH v2 00/37] KVM: PPC: Book3S: C-ify the P9 entry/exit code
 2021-03-03 20:09 UTC  (3+ messages)
` [PATCH v2 34/37] KVM: PPC: Book3S HV: add virtual mode handlers for HPT hcalls and page faults

[MPTCP] Re: [MPTCP][PATCH v5 mptcp-next 4/5] mptcp: remove id 0 address
 2021-03-03 20:09 UTC 

[dpdk-dev] [PATCH v1] bbdev: adding explicit enum for code block mode
 2021-03-03 20:03 UTC  (3+ messages)

[PATCH][next] drm/radeon/si_dpm: Replace one-element array with flexible-array in struct SISLANDS_SMC_SWSTATE
 2021-03-03 19:04 UTC 

[PATCH V2 1/2] arm64/mm: Fix pfn_valid() for ZONE_DEVICE based memory
 2021-03-03 19:04 UTC  (11+ messages)

[PATCH] mm: Allow shmem mappings with MREMAP_DONTUNMAP
 2021-03-03 19:04 UTC  (3+ messages)

[PATCH RESEND v3] mm/userfaultfd: fix memory corruption due to writeprotect
 2021-03-03 19:03 UTC  (2+ messages)

[PATCH] afs: remove the unused variable
 2021-03-03 19:01 UTC 

[PATCH v2 1/1] mm/madvise: replace ptrace attach requirement for process_madvise
 2021-03-03 19:00 UTC  (14+ messages)

[PATCH] Revert "perf/x86: Allow zero PEBS status with only single active event"
 2021-03-03 18:59 UTC  (2+ messages)

[PATCH v3 1/1] mm/madvise: replace ptrace attach requirement for process_madvise
 2021-03-03 18:58 UTC 

[PATCH] MIPS: kernel: Reserve exception base early to prevent corruption
 2021-03-03 18:57 UTC 

[PATCH v2] ptrace: add PTRACE_GET_RSEQ_CONFIGURATION request
 2021-03-03 18:55 UTC  (4+ messages)

[PATCH] ptrace: add PTRACE_GET_RSEQ_CONFIGURATION request
 2021-03-03 18:55 UTC  (4+ messages)

[PATCH v2 0/7] Improve boot command line handling
 2021-03-03 18:53 UTC  (17+ messages)
` [PATCH v2 1/7] cmdline: Add generic function to build command line
` [PATCH v2 4/7] cmdline: Add capability to prepend the "
` [PATCH v2 6/7] cmdline: Gives architectures opportunity to use generically defined boot cmdline manipulation

[PATCH RFC] gcc-plugins: Handle GCC version mismatch for OOT modules
 2021-03-03 18:49 UTC  (3+ messages)

memory leak in io_submit_sqes (2)
 2021-03-03 18:39 UTC 

[PATCH v4 0/3] Cleanup and fixups for vmemmap handling
 2021-03-03 18:38 UTC  (3+ messages)

[PATCH] x86/vdso: Use proper modifier for len's printf in extract
 2021-03-03 18:36 UTC  (2+ messages)

[sched/fair] b360fb5e59: stress-ng.vm-segv.ops_per_sec -13.9% regression
 2021-03-03 18:34 UTC  (3+ messages)

[PATCH 1/4] kbuild: remove LLVM=1 test from HAS_LTO_CLANG
 2021-03-03 18:33 UTC  (4+ messages)
` [PATCH 2/4] kbuild: collect minimum tool versions into scripts/tool-version.sh
` [PATCH 3/4] kbuild: check the minimum assembler version in Kconfig
` [PATCH 4/4] kbuild: dwarf: use AS_VERSION instead of test_dwarf5_support.sh

[PATCH 1/2] Perf: Clean generated directory, other archs
 2021-03-03 18:32 UTC  (2+ messages)
` [PATCH 2/2] Perf: Clean beauty directory

drivers/misc/altera-stapl/altera.c:2113:1: warning: the frame size of 4232 bytes is larger than 1024 bytes
 2021-03-03 18:31 UTC 

[PATCH 0/4] ALSA: hda/cirrus: Add support for CS8409 HDA bridge and CS42L42 companion codec
 2021-03-03 18:29 UTC  (5+ messages)
` [PATCH 1/4] ALSA: hda/cirrus: Increase AUTO_CFG_MAX_INS from 8 to 18
` [PATCH 2/4] ALSA: hda/cirrus: Add support for CS8409 HDA bridge and CS42L42 companion codec
` [PATCH 3/4] ALSA: hda/cirrus: Add jack detect interrupt support from "
` [PATCH 4/4] ALSA: hda/cirrus: Add Headphone and Headset MIC Volume Control

[PATCH RFC v1 00/15] iommu/virtio: Nested stage support with Arm
 2021-03-03 18:28 UTC  (12+ messages)
` [PATCH RFC v1 08/15] iommu: Add asid_bits to arm smmu-v3 stage1 table info
` [PATCH RFC v1 09/15] iommu/virtio: Update table format probing header
` [PATCH RFC v1 12/15] iommu/virtio: Add support for INVALIDATE request
` [PATCH RFC v1 13/15] iommu/virtio: Attach Arm PASID tables when available
` [PATCH RFC v1 15/15] iommu/virtio: Update fault type and reason info for viommu fault

[PATCH v8 1/6] arm64: hyperv: Add Hyper-V hypercall and register access utilities
 2021-03-03 18:28 UTC  (2+ messages)

[PATCH v2] mfd: sec-irq: Do not enforce (incorrect) interrupt trigger type
 2021-03-03 18:26 UTC 

[perf] perf_fuzzer causes crash in intel_pmu_drain_pebs_nhm()
 2021-03-03 18:16 UTC  (5+ messages)
      ` [perf] perf_fuzzer causes unchecked MSR access error

[PATCH v2 2/2] memblock: do not start bottom-up allocations with kernel_end
 2021-03-03 18:15 UTC  (7+ messages)
` [PATCH] MIPS: BMIPS: Reserve exception base to prevent corruption

[PATCH drivers/net] #ifdef mdio_bus_phy_suspend() and mdio_bus_phy_suspend()
 2021-03-03 18:15 UTC  (3+ messages)

[PATCH 01/11] arm64: defconfig: enable Intel's eASIC N5X SoCFPGA and Keem Bay SoC
 2021-03-03 18:15 UTC  (3+ messages)
` [PATCH 03/11] arm64: dts: intel: socfpga: override clocks by label

[PATCH] mm/compaction: remove unused variable sysctl_compact_memory
 2021-03-03 18:14 UTC  (6+ messages)

[PATCH] ALSA: usb: Add Plantronics C320-M USB ctrl msg delay quirk
 2021-03-03 18:14 UTC 

[PATCH 1/2] mm: disable LRU pagevec during the migration temporarily
 2021-03-03 18:12 UTC  (2+ messages)

Why do kprobes and uprobes singlestep?
 2021-03-03 18:11 UTC  (4+ messages)

[PATCH v3 0/9] KVM: x86/pmu: Guest Architectural LBR Enabling
 2021-03-03 18:05 UTC  (10+ messages)
` [PATCH v3 7/9] KVM: vmx/pmu: Add Arch LBR emulation and its VMCS field
` [PATCH v3 8/9] KVM: x86: Expose Architectural LBR CPUID leaf
` [PATCH v3 9/9] KVM: x86: Add XSAVE Support for Architectural LBRs
` [kvm-unit-tests PATCH] x86: Update guest LBR tests for Architectural LBR

[PATCH v3] mm: memcontrol: fix kernel stack account
 2021-03-03 18:01 UTC  (2+ messages)

possible deadlock in sk_clone_lock
 2021-03-03 17:59 UTC  (11+ messages)

[PATCH v3 1/3] ARM: imx7d-remarkable2.dts: Initial device tree for reMarkable2
 2021-03-03 17:57 UTC  (3+ messages)
` [PATCH v3 3/3] ARM: imx_v6_v7_defconfig: Regenerate

RFC: sysfs node for Secondary PCI bus reset (PCIe Hot Reset)
 2021-03-03 17:56 UTC  (4+ messages)

[PATCH] usb: dwc3: make USB_DWC3_EXYNOS independent
 2021-03-03 17:51 UTC  (6+ messages)

[PATCH] counter: stm32-timer-cnt: fix ceiling miss-alignment with reload register
 2021-03-03 17:49 UTC 

[PATCH v2 1/1] mmc: cqhci: fix random crash when remove mmc module
 2021-03-03 17:49 UTC  (2+ messages)

[PATCH v5] i2c: virtio: add a virtio i2c frontend driver
 2021-03-03 17:48 UTC  (6+ messages)

[PATCH] Fix ld-version.sh script if LLD was built with LLD_VENDOR
 2021-03-03 17:45 UTC  (4+ messages)

XDP socket rings, and LKMM litmus tests
 2021-03-03 17:40 UTC  (7+ messages)

[PATCH v9 00/18] HSM driver for ACRN hypervisor
 2021-03-03 17:37 UTC  (3+ messages)
` [PATCH v9 17/18] virt: acrn: Introduce an interface for Service VM to control vCPU

[PATCH v3] iommu: Check dev->iommu in iommu_dev_xxx functions
 2021-03-03 17:36 UTC 

5.11 regression: "ia64: add support for TIF_NOTIFY_SIGNAL" breaks ia64 boot
 2021-03-03 17:33 UTC  (8+ messages)
                ` [bisected] 5.12-rc1 hpsa regression: "scsi: hpsa: Correct dev cmds outstanding for retried cmds" breaks hpsa P600

[PATCH 1/1] mmc: cqhci: fix random crash when remove mmc module
 2021-03-03 17:33 UTC  (5+ messages)

[PATCH] habanalabs: debugfs access to user mapped host addresses
 2021-03-03 17:32 UTC 

[PATCH] firewire: prevent integer overflow on 32bit systems
 2021-03-03 17:31 UTC  (2+ messages)

[git pull resend] habanalabs fixes for 5.12-rc2
 2021-03-03 17:29 UTC 

[PATCH 00/15] KVM: x86/mmu: Lots of bug fixes
 2021-03-03 17:28 UTC  (3+ messages)
` [PATCH 02/15] KVM: x86/mmu: Alloc page for PDPTEs when shadowing 32-bit NPT with 64-bit

[PATCH v2] powerpc: Fix save_stack_trace_regs() to have running function as first entry
 2021-03-03 17:27 UTC 

[RFC PATCH 0/4] KVM: arm64: Improve efficiency of stage2 page table
 2021-03-03 17:27 UTC  (5+ messages)
` [RFC PATCH 3/4] KVM: arm64: Install the block entry before unmapping the page mappings

[PATCH v21 00/26] Control-flow Enforcement: Shadow Stack
 2021-03-03 17:26 UTC  (5+ messages)
` [PATCH v21 08/26] x86/mm: Introduce _PAGE_COW

[PATCH] PCI: iproc: Fix return value of iproc_msi_irq_domain_alloc()
 2021-03-03 17:25 UTC  (2+ messages)

[PATCH v3 2/2] tty/serial: Add rx-tx-swap OF option to stm32-usart
 2021-03-03 17:23 UTC  (3+ messages)
` [PATCH v4 1/2] dt-bindings: serial: Add rx-tx-swap "

[PATCH v3 RFC 14/14] mm: speedup page alloc for MPOL_PREFERRED_MANY by adding a NO_SLOWPATH gfp bit
 2021-03-03 17:22 UTC  (11+ messages)

[RFC PATCH 00/12] x86/Hyper-V: Add Hyper-V Isolation VM support
 2021-03-03 17:21 UTC  (3+ messages)
` [RFC PATCH 5/12] HV: Add ghcb hvcall support for SNP VM

CAAM: kernel BUG at drivers/crypto/caam/jr.c:230!
 2021-03-03 16:40 UTC  (4+ messages)
` CAAM: kernel BUG at drivers/crypto/caam/jr.c:230! (and dma-coherent query)

[PATCH] nvme-rdma: fix crash for no IO queues
 2021-03-03 15:08 UTC  (13+ messages)

[PATCH net 1/1] net: stmmac: fix incorrect DMA channel intr enable setting of EQoS v4.10
 2021-03-03 15:08 UTC  (2+ messages)

[PATCHv2] nvme: send uevent once a multipath namespace is operational again
 2021-03-03 13:05 UTC  (3+ messages)

reserved tag allocation fixups
 2021-03-03 12:53 UTC  (2+ messages)
` [PATCH 1/3] nvme-fabrics: only reserve a single tag

[PATCH 4.9.y] arm: kprobes: Allow to handle reentered kprobe on single-stepping
 2021-03-03 12:18 UTC  (2+ messages)

[PATCHv2 0/3] nvme: sanitize KATO handling
 2021-03-03 12:01 UTC  (4+ messages)
` [PATCH 1/3] nvme: fixup kato deadlock

[PATCH v4 00/11] Add HANTRO G2/HEVC decoder support for IMX8MQ
 2021-03-03 11:39 UTC  (3+ messages)
` [PATCH v4 01/11] media: hevc: Add fields and flags for hevc PPS

[PATCH] KVM: arm64: Fix unaligned addr case in mmu walking
 2021-03-03 11:29 UTC  (2+ messages)

[PATCH 1/4] mt76: mt7915: fix rxrate reporting
 2021-03-03 10:38 UTC  (2+ messages)
` [PATCH 3/4] mt76: mt7915: check mcu returned values in mt7915_ops

[PATCH v2 0/8] media: mtk-vcodec: vdec: support for MT8183
 2021-03-03 10:29 UTC  (4+ messages)
` [PATCH v2 3/8] media: add Mediatek's MM21 format

[PATCH next v4 00/15] printk: remove logbuf_lock
 2021-03-03 10:15 UTC  (2+ messages)
` [PATCH next v4 02/15] mtd: mtdoops: synchronize kmsg_dumper

[PATCH RFC] Upstream A64FX cache driver
 2021-03-03  9:38 UTC  (4+ messages)
  ` [PATCH RFC] soc: fujitsu: Add cache driver code

[PATCH 1/2] ARM: dts: imx7d-mba7: Remove unsupported property
 2021-03-03  9:38 UTC  (3+ messages)

[PATCH] hwrng: bcm2835: set quality to 1000
 2021-03-03  9:20 UTC  (4+ messages)

[PATCH 0/8] ARM: STM32: add art-pi(stm32h750xbh6) board support
 2021-03-03  8:05 UTC  (5+ messages)
` [PATCH 1/8] ARM: ARMv7-M: Fix register restore corrupt after svc call
` [PATCH 2/8] Documentation: arm: stm32: Add stm32h750 value line
` [PATCH 3/8] dt-bindings: arm: stm32: Add compatible strings for ART-PI board
` [PATCH 7/8] ARM: dts: stm32: add support for art-pi board based on stm32h750xbh6

[PATCH 1/3] dt-bindings: mmc: sdhci-of-dwcmhsc: Convert to yaml file
 2021-03-03  7:48 UTC  (2+ messages)
` [PATCH 2/3] dt-bindings: mmc: sdhci-of-dwcmhsc: Add rockchip support

[RFC 0/3] Async nvme passthrough
 2021-03-03  7:34 UTC  (4+ messages)
  ` [RFC 1/3] io_uring: add helper for uring_cmd completion in submitter-task
  ` [RFC 3/3] nvme: wire up support for async passthrough

[PATCH stable v5.10 0/7] arm64: Default to 32-bit wide ZONE_DMA
 2021-03-03  7:33 UTC  (5+ messages)
` [PATCH stable v5.10 3/7] of/address: Introduce of_dma_get_max_cpu_address()
` [PATCH stable v5.10 7/7] mm: Remove examples from enum zone_type comment

[PATCH] module: remove duplicate include in arch/arm/mach-sa1100/hackkit.c
 2021-03-03  7:17 UTC 

[PATCH] spi: mediatek: Re-license MTK SPI driver as Dual MIT/GPL
 2021-03-03  3:05 UTC  (3+ messages)

[PATCH] module: remove duplicate include in ./arch/arm/include/asm/pgtable.h
 2021-03-03  2:04 UTC 

[PATCH v12 00/17] arm64: MMU enabled kexec relocation
 2021-03-03  0:22 UTC  (4+ messages)
` [PATCH v12 07/17] arm64: kexec: flush image and lists during kexec load time
` [PATCH v12 11/17] arm64: kexec: kexec may require EL2 vectors
` [PATCH v12 17/17] arm64: kexec: Remove cpu-reset.h

[PATCH v13 00/10] iommu: I/O page faults for SMMUv3
 2021-03-02 23:59 UTC  (3+ messages)
` [PATCH v13 06/10] iommu: Add a page fault handler

[xlnx:xlnx_rebase_v5.4 935/1700] drivers/usb/dwc3/core.h:1459:6: warning: no previous prototype for 'dwc3_mask_phy_reset'
 2021-03-02 23:59 UTC 

[xlnx:xlnx_rebase_v5.4 903/1700] drivers/usb/dwc3/core.h:1418:6: warning: no previous prototype for 'dwc3_simple_wakeup_capable'
 2021-03-02 21:42 UTC 

[PATCH] mtd: parsers: ofpart: limit parsing of deprecated DT syntax
 2021-03-02 20:27 UTC  (4+ messages)
` R: "

[PATCH mtd/next 1/8] mtd: Add helper macro for register_mtd_blktrans boilerplate
 2021-03-02 17:14 UTC  (2+ messages)

[PATCH v2 1/9] units: Add the HZ macros
 2021-03-02 17:03 UTC  (4+ messages)
` [PATCH v2 9/9] phy/drivers/stm32: Use "

[PATCH v3 3/9] mtd: nand: ecc-hamming: Populate the public nsteps field
 2021-03-02 16:33 UTC  (2+ messages)

[PATCH] mtd: rawnand: fsmc: Fix error code in fsmc_nand_probe()
 2021-03-02 16:32 UTC  (2+ messages)

[PATCH v9 0/2] Enable power management for ufs wlun
 2021-03-02 16:20 UTC  (4+ messages)
` [PATCH v9 1/2] scsi: ufs: Enable power management for wlun

[RESEND PATCH v11 0/3] AX88796C SPI Ethernet Adapter
 2021-03-02 15:22 UTC 

[PATCH 0/2] Fix CMDLINE_EXTEND handling for FDT "bootargs"
 2021-03-02 15:16 UTC  (7+ messages)

[PATCH v3 00/32] KVM: arm64: A stage 2 for the host
 2021-03-02 15:00 UTC  (5+ messages)
` [PATCH v3 05/32] KVM: arm64: Avoid free_page() in page-table allocator
` [PATCH v3 10/32] KVM: arm64: Introduce an early Hyp page allocator
` [PATCH v3 29/32] KVM: arm64: Wrap the host with a stage 2
` [PATCH v3 31/32] KVM: arm64: Disable PMU support in protected mode

[PATCH next v3 00/15] printk: remove logbuf_lock
 2021-03-02 12:48 UTC  (5+ messages)
` [PATCH next v3 02/15] mtd: mtdoops: synchronize kmsg_dumper

[PATCH] i2c: mediatek: Get device clock-stretch time via dts
 2021-03-02 12:32 UTC  (3+ messages)

[PATCH] phy: ralink: phy-mt7621-pci: fix XTAL bitmask
 2021-03-02 12:28 UTC  (2+ messages)

[PATCH AUTOSEL 4.9 01/10] udf: fix silent AED tagLocation corruption
 2021-03-02 11:59 UTC  (2+ messages)
` [PATCH AUTOSEL 4.9 07/10] PCI: xgene-msi: Fix race in installing chained irq handler

[PATCH AUTOSEL 5.10 01/47] i2c: rcar: faster irq code to minimize HW race condition
 2021-03-02 11:56 UTC  (2+ messages)
` [PATCH AUTOSEL 5.10 11/47] mmc: sdhci-iproc: Add ACPI bindings for the RPi

[PATCH V3 0/5] imx esdhc dt/driver update
 2021-03-02 10:39 UTC  (2+ messages)

page:  |  | latest

This is an external index of several public inboxes,
see mirroring instructions on how to clone and mirror
all data and code used by this external index.