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* [PATCH 0/3] sched: use EDF to throttle RT task groups v2
@ 2010-02-23 18:56 Fabio Checconi
  2010-02-23 18:56 ` [PATCH 1/3] sched: use EDF to schedule groups Fabio Checconi
                   ` (4 more replies)
  0 siblings, 5 replies; 26+ messages in thread
From: Fabio Checconi @ 2010-02-23 18:56 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Peter Zijlstra
  Cc: Ingo Molnar, Thomas Gleixner, Paul Turner, Dario Faggioli,
	Michael Trimarchi, Dhaval Giani, Tommaso Cucinotta, linux-kernel,
	Fabio Checconi

This patchset introduces a group level EDF scheduler extending the
throttling mechanism, in order to make it support generic period
assignments.  With this patch, the runtime and period parameters
can be used to specify arbitrary CPU reservations for RT tasks.

>From the previous post [1] I've integrated Peter's suggestions, using
a multi-level hierarchy to do admission control, but a one-level only
equivalent hierarchy for scheduling, and I've not removed the bandwidth
migration mechanism, trying to adapt it to EDF scheduling.  In this
version tasks are still inserted into priority arrays and only groups
are kept in a per-rq edf tree.

The main design issues involved:

  - Since it is not easy to mix tasks and groups on the same scheduler
    queue (tasks have no deadlines), the bandwidth reserved to the tasks
    in a group is controlled with two additional cgroup attributes:
    rt_task_runtime_us and rt_task_period_us.  These attributes control,
    within a cgroup, how much bandwidth is reserved to the tasks it
    contains.  The old attributes, rt_runtime_us and rt_period_us, are
    still there, and control the bandwidth assigned to the cgroup.  They
    are used only for admission control.

  - Shared resources are still handled using boosting.  When a group
    contains a task inside a critical section it is scheduled according
    the highest priority among the ones of the tasks it contains.
    In this way, the same group has two modes: when it is not boosted
    it is scheduled according to its deadline; when it is boosted, it
    is scheduled according its priority.  Boosted groups are always
    favored over non-boosted ones.

  - Given that the various rt_rq's belonging to the same task group
    are activated independently, there is the need of a timer per
    each rt_rq.

  - While balancing the bandwidth assigned to a cgroup on various cpus
    we have to make sure that utilization for the rt_rq's on each cpu
    does not exceed the global utilization limit for RT tasks.  

Please note that these patches target a completely different usage
scenario from Dario's work on SCHED_DEADLINE.  SCHED_DEADLINE is about
deadline scheduling for tasks, introducing a new user-visible scheduling
policy; this patchset is about using throttling to provide real-time
guarantees to SCHED_RR and SCHED_FIFO tasks on a per-group basis.  The
two patchsets do not overlap in functionality, both aim at improving
the predictability of the system; we'll want to work on sharing parts of
the code, but now, after discussing with Dario, we think it's too early
to do that.

The patchset is against tip, it should compile (and hopefully work) on
all the combinations of CONFIG_{SMP/RT_GROUP_SCHED}, but the work was
focused on the SMP & RT_GROUP_SCHED case, I've  only compile- or boot-
tested the other configs.

As usual, feedback welcome.

[1] http://lkml.org/lkml/2009/6/15/510

Fabio Checconi (3):
  sched: use EDF to schedule groups
  sched: enforce per-cpu utilization limits on runtime balancing
  sched: make runtime balancing code more EDF-friendly

 include/linux/sched.h |    8 +-
 kernel/sched.c        |  467 +++++++++++---------
 kernel/sched_rt.c     | 1159 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----------
 3 files changed, 1161 insertions(+), 473 deletions(-)


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 26+ messages in thread

* [PATCH 1/3] sched: use EDF to schedule groups
  2010-02-23 18:56 [PATCH 0/3] sched: use EDF to throttle RT task groups v2 Fabio Checconi
@ 2010-02-23 18:56 ` Fabio Checconi
  2010-02-25 20:28   ` Peter Zijlstra
  2010-02-23 18:56 ` [PATCH 2/3] sched: enforce per-cpu utilization limits on runtime balancing Fabio Checconi
                   ` (3 subsequent siblings)
  4 siblings, 1 reply; 26+ messages in thread
From: Fabio Checconi @ 2010-02-23 18:56 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Peter Zijlstra
  Cc: Ingo Molnar, Thomas Gleixner, Paul Turner, Dario Faggioli,
	Michael Trimarchi, Dhaval Giani, Tommaso Cucinotta, linux-kernel,
	Fabio Checconi, Fabio Checconi

Modify sched_rt in order to implement throttling using  EDF among groups;
this allows the user to specify groups with different periods.

This patch:
  - adds a deadline to rt_rq's (and removes the scheduling entity from
    it, as the new two-level compression of the full cgroup hierarchy do
    not use it for intermediates nodes anymore);
  - moves the rt_period_timer from struct rt_bandwidth to struct rt_rq,
    since periods and replenishments are no more synchronized among rt_rq's
    belonging to the same task_group;
  - adds a new struct rt_bandwidth to each task_group; the old one is
    used only for admission control, on a full cgroup hierarchy, while the
    new one is used to contain the parameters used to reserve bandwidth
    to tasks;
  - introduces a per-rq rt_edf_tree structure, to keep all the rt_rq's
    belonging to the same cpu ordered by their dynamic priority (i.e.,
    their deadline, if they are not boosted, or the static priority of
    their highest priority task if they are);
  - updates the admission control code, to take into account the bandwidth
    assigned to tasks via the new cgroup attributes rt_task_period_us and
    rt_task_runtime_us (this bandwidth is not available for lower-level
    cgroups);
  - removes highest_prio tracking for non-root rt_rq's and flattens the
    arbitrary task_group hierarchy to a two-level one, transparently to
    the users, who still see the full cgroup hierarchy.  The push/pull
    logic is altered a bit after this change, as the toplevel
    rt_nr_running is no more meaningful, we use rt_nr_total instead
    (the reasoning behind this is that tasks should be pushed/pulled
     without taking into account the fact that they are throttled or not).
    The toplevel runqueue, containing both the rt_edf_tree and the
    highest_prio data is no more a rt_rq, but it has its own type,
    rt_root_rq.

Signed-off-by: Fabio Checconi <fabio@gandalf.sssup.it>
---
 include/linux/sched.h |    8 +-
 kernel/sched.c        |  404 ++++++++++++++------------
 kernel/sched_rt.c     |  775 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---------------
 3 files changed, 764 insertions(+), 423 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/sched.h b/include/linux/sched.h
index 0eef87b..b82343b 100644
--- a/include/linux/sched.h
+++ b/include/linux/sched.h
@@ -2517,12 +2517,12 @@ extern int sched_group_set_shares(struct task_group *tg, unsigned long shares);
 extern unsigned long sched_group_shares(struct task_group *tg);
 #endif
 #ifdef CONFIG_RT_GROUP_SCHED
-extern int sched_group_set_rt_runtime(struct task_group *tg,
+extern int sched_group_set_rt_runtime(struct task_group *tg, int task_data,
 				      long rt_runtime_us);
-extern long sched_group_rt_runtime(struct task_group *tg);
-extern int sched_group_set_rt_period(struct task_group *tg,
+extern long sched_group_rt_runtime(struct task_group *tg, int task_data);
+extern int sched_group_set_rt_period(struct task_group *tg, int task_data,
 				      long rt_period_us);
-extern long sched_group_rt_period(struct task_group *tg);
+extern long sched_group_rt_period(struct task_group *tg, int task_data);
 extern int sched_rt_can_attach(struct task_group *tg, struct task_struct *tsk);
 #endif
 #endif
diff --git a/kernel/sched.c b/kernel/sched.c
index 9a1705e..fe013c6 100644
--- a/kernel/sched.c
+++ b/kernel/sched.c
@@ -144,34 +144,10 @@ struct rt_bandwidth {
 	raw_spinlock_t		rt_runtime_lock;
 	ktime_t			rt_period;
 	u64			rt_runtime;
-	struct hrtimer		rt_period_timer;
 };
 
 static struct rt_bandwidth def_rt_bandwidth;
 
-static int do_sched_rt_period_timer(struct rt_bandwidth *rt_b, int overrun);
-
-static enum hrtimer_restart sched_rt_period_timer(struct hrtimer *timer)
-{
-	struct rt_bandwidth *rt_b =
-		container_of(timer, struct rt_bandwidth, rt_period_timer);
-	ktime_t now;
-	int overrun;
-	int idle = 0;
-
-	for (;;) {
-		now = hrtimer_cb_get_time(timer);
-		overrun = hrtimer_forward(timer, now, rt_b->rt_period);
-
-		if (!overrun)
-			break;
-
-		idle = do_sched_rt_period_timer(rt_b, overrun);
-	}
-
-	return idle ? HRTIMER_NORESTART : HRTIMER_RESTART;
-}
-
 static
 void init_rt_bandwidth(struct rt_bandwidth *rt_b, u64 period, u64 runtime)
 {
@@ -179,10 +155,6 @@ void init_rt_bandwidth(struct rt_bandwidth *rt_b, u64 period, u64 runtime)
 	rt_b->rt_runtime = runtime;
 
 	raw_spin_lock_init(&rt_b->rt_runtime_lock);
-
-	hrtimer_init(&rt_b->rt_period_timer,
-			CLOCK_MONOTONIC, HRTIMER_MODE_REL);
-	rt_b->rt_period_timer.function = sched_rt_period_timer;
 }
 
 static inline int rt_bandwidth_enabled(void)
@@ -190,43 +162,6 @@ static inline int rt_bandwidth_enabled(void)
 	return sysctl_sched_rt_runtime >= 0;
 }
 
-static void start_rt_bandwidth(struct rt_bandwidth *rt_b)
-{
-	ktime_t now;
-
-	if (!rt_bandwidth_enabled() || rt_b->rt_runtime == RUNTIME_INF)
-		return;
-
-	if (hrtimer_active(&rt_b->rt_period_timer))
-		return;
-
-	raw_spin_lock(&rt_b->rt_runtime_lock);
-	for (;;) {
-		unsigned long delta;
-		ktime_t soft, hard;
-
-		if (hrtimer_active(&rt_b->rt_period_timer))
-			break;
-
-		now = hrtimer_cb_get_time(&rt_b->rt_period_timer);
-		hrtimer_forward(&rt_b->rt_period_timer, now, rt_b->rt_period);
-
-		soft = hrtimer_get_softexpires(&rt_b->rt_period_timer);
-		hard = hrtimer_get_expires(&rt_b->rt_period_timer);
-		delta = ktime_to_ns(ktime_sub(hard, soft));
-		__hrtimer_start_range_ns(&rt_b->rt_period_timer, soft, delta,
-				HRTIMER_MODE_ABS_PINNED, 0);
-	}
-	raw_spin_unlock(&rt_b->rt_runtime_lock);
-}
-
-#ifdef CONFIG_RT_GROUP_SCHED
-static void destroy_rt_bandwidth(struct rt_bandwidth *rt_b)
-{
-	hrtimer_cancel(&rt_b->rt_period_timer);
-}
-#endif
-
 /*
  * sched_domains_mutex serializes calls to arch_init_sched_domains,
  * detach_destroy_domains and partition_sched_domains.
@@ -254,10 +189,13 @@ struct task_group {
 #endif
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_RT_GROUP_SCHED
-	struct sched_rt_entity **rt_se;
 	struct rt_rq **rt_rq;
 
+	/* CPU bandwidth reserved to this group (tasks + child groups). */
 	struct rt_bandwidth rt_bandwidth;
+
+	/* CPU bandwidth reserved to the tasks in this group. */
+	struct rt_bandwidth rt_task_bandwidth;
 #endif
 
 	struct rcu_head rcu;
@@ -329,7 +267,6 @@ static inline void set_task_rq(struct task_struct *p, unsigned int cpu)
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_RT_GROUP_SCHED
 	p->rt.rt_rq  = task_group(p)->rt_rq[cpu];
-	p->rt.parent = task_group(p)->rt_se[cpu];
 #endif
 }
 
@@ -410,6 +347,37 @@ struct cfs_rq {
 struct rt_rq {
 	struct rt_prio_array active;
 	unsigned long rt_nr_running;
+	struct rb_node rb_node;
+	int rt_throttled;
+
+	int highest_prio;
+
+	u64 rt_deadline;
+	u64 rt_time;
+	u64 rt_runtime;
+	ktime_t rt_period;
+
+	struct hrtimer rt_period_timer;
+
+	/* Nests inside the rq lock: */
+	raw_spinlock_t rt_runtime_lock;
+
+	unsigned long rt_nr_boosted;
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_RT_GROUP_SCHED
+	struct rq *rq;
+	struct list_head leaf_rt_rq_list;
+	struct task_group *tg;
+#endif
+};
+
+struct rt_edf_tree {
+	struct rb_root rb_root;
+	struct rb_node *rb_leftmost;
+};
+
+/* Root runqueue for rt tasks: */
+struct rt_root_rq {
 #if defined CONFIG_SMP || defined CONFIG_RT_GROUP_SCHED
 	struct {
 		int curr; /* highest queued rt task prio */
@@ -424,19 +392,8 @@ struct rt_rq {
 	int overloaded;
 	struct plist_head pushable_tasks;
 #endif
-	int rt_throttled;
-	u64 rt_time;
-	u64 rt_runtime;
-	/* Nests inside the rq lock: */
-	raw_spinlock_t rt_runtime_lock;
-
-#ifdef CONFIG_RT_GROUP_SCHED
-	unsigned long rt_nr_boosted;
-
-	struct rq *rq;
-	struct list_head leaf_rt_rq_list;
-	struct task_group *tg;
-#endif
+	struct rt_edf_tree rt_edf_tree;
+	struct rt_rq rt_rq;
 };
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_SMP
@@ -500,7 +457,7 @@ struct rq {
 	u64 nr_switches;
 
 	struct cfs_rq cfs;
-	struct rt_rq rt;
+	struct rt_root_rq rt;
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED
 	/* list of leaf cfs_rq on this cpu: */
@@ -4560,7 +4517,7 @@ recheck:
 		 * assigned.
 		 */
 		if (rt_bandwidth_enabled() && rt_policy(policy) &&
-				task_group(p)->rt_bandwidth.rt_runtime == 0)
+		    task_group(p)->rt_task_bandwidth.rt_runtime == 0)
 			return -EPERM;
 #endif
 
@@ -7561,7 +7518,8 @@ static void init_cfs_rq(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct rq *rq)
 	cfs_rq->min_vruntime = (u64)(-(1LL << 20));
 }
 
-static void init_rt_rq(struct rt_rq *rt_rq, struct rq *rq)
+static void init_rt_rq(struct rt_rq *rt_rq, struct rq *rq,
+		       struct rt_bandwidth *rt_b)
 {
 	struct rt_prio_array *array;
 	int i;
@@ -7574,29 +7532,42 @@ static void init_rt_rq(struct rt_rq *rt_rq, struct rq *rq)
 	/* delimiter for bitsearch: */
 	__set_bit(MAX_RT_PRIO, array->bitmap);
 
-#if defined CONFIG_SMP || defined CONFIG_RT_GROUP_SCHED
-	rt_rq->highest_prio.curr = MAX_RT_PRIO;
-#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
-	rt_rq->highest_prio.next = MAX_RT_PRIO;
-#endif
-#endif
-#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
-	rt_rq->rt_nr_migratory = 0;
-	rt_rq->overloaded = 0;
-	plist_head_init_raw(&rt_rq->pushable_tasks, &rq->lock);
-#endif
+	rt_rq->highest_prio = MAX_RT_PRIO;
 
 	rt_rq->rt_time = 0;
 	rt_rq->rt_throttled = 0;
-	rt_rq->rt_runtime = 0;
+	rt_rq->rt_deadline = 0;
+	rt_rq->rt_runtime = rt_b->rt_runtime;
+	rt_rq->rt_period = rt_b->rt_period;
 	raw_spin_lock_init(&rt_rq->rt_runtime_lock);
 
+	hrtimer_init(&rt_rq->rt_period_timer, CLOCK_MONOTONIC,
+		     HRTIMER_MODE_REL);
+	rt_rq->rt_period_timer.function = sched_rt_period_timer;
+
 #ifdef CONFIG_RT_GROUP_SCHED
 	rt_rq->rt_nr_boosted = 0;
 	rt_rq->rq = rq;
 #endif
 }
 
+static void init_rt_root_rq(struct rt_root_rq *rt, struct rq *rq)
+{
+#if defined CONFIG_SMP || defined CONFIG_RT_GROUP_SCHED
+	rt->highest_prio.curr = MAX_RT_PRIO;
+#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
+	rt->highest_prio.next = MAX_RT_PRIO;
+#endif
+#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
+	rt->rt_nr_migratory = 0;
+	rt->overloaded = 0;
+	plist_head_init_raw(&rt->pushable_tasks, &rq->lock);
+#endif
+	rt->rt_edf_tree.rb_root = RB_ROOT;
+	init_rt_rq(&rt->rt_rq, rq, &def_rt_bandwidth);
+}
+
 #ifdef CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED
 static void init_tg_cfs_entry(struct task_group *tg, struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq,
 				struct sched_entity *se, int cpu, int add,
@@ -7628,30 +7599,17 @@ static void init_tg_cfs_entry(struct task_group *tg, struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq,
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_RT_GROUP_SCHED
 static void init_tg_rt_entry(struct task_group *tg, struct rt_rq *rt_rq,
-		struct sched_rt_entity *rt_se, int cpu, int add,
-		struct sched_rt_entity *parent)
+			     int cpu, int add)
 {
 	struct rq *rq = cpu_rq(cpu);
 
 	tg->rt_rq[cpu] = rt_rq;
-	init_rt_rq(rt_rq, rq);
+	init_rt_rq(rt_rq, rq, &tg->rt_task_bandwidth);
 	rt_rq->tg = tg;
-	rt_rq->rt_runtime = tg->rt_bandwidth.rt_runtime;
 	if (add)
 		list_add(&rt_rq->leaf_rt_rq_list, &rq->leaf_rt_rq_list);
 
-	tg->rt_se[cpu] = rt_se;
-	if (!rt_se)
-		return;
-
-	if (!parent)
-		rt_se->rt_rq = &rq->rt;
-	else
-		rt_se->rt_rq = parent->my_q;
-
-	rt_se->my_q = rt_rq;
-	rt_se->parent = parent;
-	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&rt_se->run_list);
+	RB_CLEAR_NODE(&rt_rq->rb_node);
 }
 #endif
 
@@ -7664,7 +7622,7 @@ void __init sched_init(void)
 	alloc_size += 2 * nr_cpu_ids * sizeof(void **);
 #endif
 #ifdef CONFIG_RT_GROUP_SCHED
-	alloc_size += 2 * nr_cpu_ids * sizeof(void **);
+	alloc_size += nr_cpu_ids * sizeof(void **);
 #endif
 #ifdef CONFIG_CPUMASK_OFFSTACK
 	alloc_size += num_possible_cpus() * cpumask_size();
@@ -7681,9 +7639,6 @@ void __init sched_init(void)
 
 #endif /* CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED */
 #ifdef CONFIG_RT_GROUP_SCHED
-		init_task_group.rt_se = (struct sched_rt_entity **)ptr;
-		ptr += nr_cpu_ids * sizeof(void **);
-
 		init_task_group.rt_rq = (struct rt_rq **)ptr;
 		ptr += nr_cpu_ids * sizeof(void **);
 
@@ -7706,6 +7661,9 @@ void __init sched_init(void)
 #ifdef CONFIG_RT_GROUP_SCHED
 	init_rt_bandwidth(&init_task_group.rt_bandwidth,
 			global_rt_period(), global_rt_runtime());
+
+	init_rt_bandwidth(&init_task_group.rt_task_bandwidth,
+			global_rt_period(), global_rt_runtime());
 #endif /* CONFIG_RT_GROUP_SCHED */
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_SCHED
@@ -7727,7 +7685,7 @@ void __init sched_init(void)
 		rq->calc_load_active = 0;
 		rq->calc_load_update = jiffies + LOAD_FREQ;
 		init_cfs_rq(&rq->cfs, rq);
-		init_rt_rq(&rq->rt, rq);
+		init_rt_root_rq(&rq->rt, rq);
 #ifdef CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED
 		init_task_group.shares = init_task_group_load;
 		INIT_LIST_HEAD(&rq->leaf_cfs_rq_list);
@@ -7755,11 +7713,10 @@ void __init sched_init(void)
 #endif
 #endif /* CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED */
 
-		rq->rt.rt_runtime = def_rt_bandwidth.rt_runtime;
 #ifdef CONFIG_RT_GROUP_SCHED
 		INIT_LIST_HEAD(&rq->leaf_rt_rq_list);
 #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_SCHED
-		init_tg_rt_entry(&init_task_group, &rq->rt, NULL, i, 1, NULL);
+		init_tg_rt_entry(&init_task_group, &rq->rt.rt_rq, i, 1);
 #endif
 #endif
 
@@ -8068,38 +8025,39 @@ static inline void unregister_fair_sched_group(struct task_group *tg, int cpu)
 #ifdef CONFIG_RT_GROUP_SCHED
 static void free_rt_sched_group(struct task_group *tg)
 {
+	struct rt_rq *rt_rq;
 	int i;
 
-	destroy_rt_bandwidth(&tg->rt_bandwidth);
+	if (!tg->rt_rq)
+		return;
 
 	for_each_possible_cpu(i) {
-		if (tg->rt_rq)
-			kfree(tg->rt_rq[i]);
-		if (tg->rt_se)
-			kfree(tg->rt_se[i]);
+		rt_rq = tg->rt_rq[i];
+
+		if (rt_rq) {
+			hrtimer_cancel(&rt_rq->rt_period_timer);
+			kfree(rt_rq);
+		}
 	}
 
 	kfree(tg->rt_rq);
-	kfree(tg->rt_se);
 }
 
 static
 int alloc_rt_sched_group(struct task_group *tg, struct task_group *parent)
 {
 	struct rt_rq *rt_rq;
-	struct sched_rt_entity *rt_se;
 	struct rq *rq;
 	int i;
 
 	tg->rt_rq = kzalloc(sizeof(rt_rq) * nr_cpu_ids, GFP_KERNEL);
 	if (!tg->rt_rq)
 		goto err;
-	tg->rt_se = kzalloc(sizeof(rt_se) * nr_cpu_ids, GFP_KERNEL);
-	if (!tg->rt_se)
-		goto err;
 
 	init_rt_bandwidth(&tg->rt_bandwidth,
 			ktime_to_ns(def_rt_bandwidth.rt_period), 0);
+	init_rt_bandwidth(&tg->rt_task_bandwidth,
+			ktime_to_ns(def_rt_bandwidth.rt_period), 0);
 
 	for_each_possible_cpu(i) {
 		rq = cpu_rq(i);
@@ -8109,19 +8067,12 @@ int alloc_rt_sched_group(struct task_group *tg, struct task_group *parent)
 		if (!rt_rq)
 			goto err;
 
-		rt_se = kzalloc_node(sizeof(struct sched_rt_entity),
-				     GFP_KERNEL, cpu_to_node(i));
-		if (!rt_se)
-			goto err_free_rq;
-
-		init_tg_rt_entry(tg, rt_rq, rt_se, i, 0, parent->rt_se[i]);
+		init_tg_rt_entry(tg, rt_rq, i, 0);
 	}
 
 	return 1;
 
- err_free_rq:
-	kfree(rt_rq);
- err:
+err:
 	return 0;
 }
 
@@ -8389,27 +8340,65 @@ struct rt_schedulable_data {
 	struct task_group *tg;
 	u64 rt_period;
 	u64 rt_runtime;
+	int rt_task_data;
 };
 
-static int tg_schedulable(struct task_group *tg, void *data)
+static inline void rt_tg_parameters(struct task_group *tg, int task_data,
+				    u64 *period, u64 *runtime)
+{
+	struct rt_bandwidth *rt_b = task_data ? &tg->rt_task_bandwidth :
+				    &tg->rt_bandwidth;
+
+	*period = ktime_to_ns(rt_b->rt_period);
+	*runtime = rt_b->rt_runtime;
+}
+
+static unsigned long tg_utilization(struct task_group *tg,
+				    struct rt_schedulable_data *d)
 {
-	struct rt_schedulable_data *d = data;
 	struct task_group *child;
-	unsigned long total, sum = 0;
+	unsigned long sum;
 	u64 period, runtime;
 
-	period = ktime_to_ns(tg->rt_bandwidth.rt_period);
-	runtime = tg->rt_bandwidth.rt_runtime;
-
-	if (tg == d->tg) {
+	if (d && tg == d->tg && d->rt_task_data) {
 		period = d->rt_period;
 		runtime = d->rt_runtime;
+	} else
+		rt_tg_parameters(tg, 1, &period, &runtime);
+
+	/* Task utilization. */
+	sum = to_ratio(period, runtime);
+
+	/* Children utilization. */
+	list_for_each_entry_rcu(child, &tg->children, siblings) {
+		if (d && child == d->tg && !d->rt_task_data) {
+			period = d->rt_period;
+			runtime = d->rt_runtime;
+		} else
+			rt_tg_parameters(child, 0, &period, &runtime);
+
+		sum += to_ratio(period, runtime);
 	}
 
+	return sum;
+}
+
+static int tg_schedulable(struct task_group *tg, void *data)
+{
+	struct rt_schedulable_data *d = data;
+	unsigned long total, sum;
+	u64 period, runtime;
+
+	if (tg == d->tg && !d->rt_task_data) {
+		period = d->rt_period;
+		runtime = d->rt_runtime;
+	} else
+		rt_tg_parameters(tg, 0, &period, &runtime);
+
 	/*
 	 * Cannot have more runtime than the period.
 	 */
-	if (runtime > period && runtime != RUNTIME_INF)
+	if (runtime > period)
 		return -EINVAL;
 
 	/*
@@ -8429,17 +8418,7 @@ static int tg_schedulable(struct task_group *tg, void *data)
 	/*
 	 * The sum of our children's runtime should not exceed our own.
 	 */
-	list_for_each_entry_rcu(child, &tg->children, siblings) {
-		period = ktime_to_ns(child->rt_bandwidth.rt_period);
-		runtime = child->rt_bandwidth.rt_runtime;
-
-		if (child == d->tg) {
-			period = d->rt_period;
-			runtime = d->rt_runtime;
-		}
-
-		sum += to_ratio(period, runtime);
-	}
+	sum = tg_utilization(tg, d);
 
 	if (sum > total)
 		return -EINVAL;
@@ -8447,89 +8426,109 @@ static int tg_schedulable(struct task_group *tg, void *data)
 	return 0;
 }
 
-static int __rt_schedulable(struct task_group *tg, u64 period, u64 runtime)
+static int __rt_schedulable(struct task_group *tg, u64 period,
+			    u64 runtime, int task_data)
 {
 	struct rt_schedulable_data data = {
 		.tg = tg,
 		.rt_period = period,
 		.rt_runtime = runtime,
+		.rt_task_data = task_data,
 	};
 
 	return walk_tg_tree(tg_schedulable, tg_nop, &data);
 }
 
-static int tg_set_bandwidth(struct task_group *tg,
+static int tg_set_bandwidth(struct task_group *tg, int task_data,
 		u64 rt_period, u64 rt_runtime)
 {
 	int i, err = 0;
 
 	mutex_lock(&rt_constraints_mutex);
 	read_lock(&tasklist_lock);
-	err = __rt_schedulable(tg, rt_period, rt_runtime);
+	err = __rt_schedulable(tg, rt_period, rt_runtime, task_data);
 	if (err)
 		goto unlock;
 
-	raw_spin_lock_irq(&tg->rt_bandwidth.rt_runtime_lock);
-	tg->rt_bandwidth.rt_period = ns_to_ktime(rt_period);
-	tg->rt_bandwidth.rt_runtime = rt_runtime;
+	if (task_data) {
+		raw_spin_lock_irq(&tg->rt_task_bandwidth.rt_runtime_lock);
+		tg->rt_task_bandwidth.rt_period = ns_to_ktime(rt_period);
+		tg->rt_task_bandwidth.rt_runtime = rt_runtime;
 
-	for_each_possible_cpu(i) {
-		struct rt_rq *rt_rq = tg->rt_rq[i];
+		for_each_possible_cpu(i) {
+			struct rt_rq *rt_rq = tg->rt_rq[i];
 
-		raw_spin_lock(&rt_rq->rt_runtime_lock);
-		rt_rq->rt_runtime = rt_runtime;
-		raw_spin_unlock(&rt_rq->rt_runtime_lock);
+			raw_spin_lock(&rt_rq->rt_runtime_lock);
+			rt_rq->rt_runtime = rt_runtime;
+			rt_rq->rt_period = ns_to_ktime(rt_period);
+			raw_spin_unlock(&rt_rq->rt_runtime_lock);
+		}
+		raw_spin_unlock_irq(&tg->rt_task_bandwidth.rt_runtime_lock);
+	} else {
+		raw_spin_lock_irq(&tg->rt_bandwidth.rt_runtime_lock);
+		tg->rt_bandwidth.rt_period = ns_to_ktime(rt_period);
+		tg->rt_bandwidth.rt_runtime = rt_runtime;
+		raw_spin_unlock_irq(&tg->rt_bandwidth.rt_runtime_lock);
 	}
-	raw_spin_unlock_irq(&tg->rt_bandwidth.rt_runtime_lock);
- unlock:
+
+unlock:
 	read_unlock(&tasklist_lock);
 	mutex_unlock(&rt_constraints_mutex);
 
 	return err;
 }
 
-int sched_group_set_rt_runtime(struct task_group *tg, long rt_runtime_us)
+int sched_group_set_rt_runtime(struct task_group *tg, int task_data,
+			       long rt_runtime_us)
 {
 	u64 rt_runtime, rt_period;
 
-	rt_period = ktime_to_ns(tg->rt_bandwidth.rt_period);
+	rt_period = task_data ? ktime_to_ns(tg->rt_task_bandwidth.rt_period) :
+		    ktime_to_ns(tg->rt_bandwidth.rt_period);
 	rt_runtime = (u64)rt_runtime_us * NSEC_PER_USEC;
 	if (rt_runtime_us < 0)
 		rt_runtime = RUNTIME_INF;
 
-	return tg_set_bandwidth(tg, rt_period, rt_runtime);
+	return tg_set_bandwidth(tg, task_data, rt_period, rt_runtime);
 }
 
-long sched_group_rt_runtime(struct task_group *tg)
+long sched_group_rt_runtime(struct task_group *tg, int task_data)
 {
 	u64 rt_runtime_us;
 
-	if (tg->rt_bandwidth.rt_runtime == RUNTIME_INF)
+	rt_runtime_us = task_data ? tg->rt_task_bandwidth.rt_runtime :
+			tg->rt_bandwidth.rt_runtime;
+
+	if (rt_runtime_us == RUNTIME_INF)
 		return -1;
 
-	rt_runtime_us = tg->rt_bandwidth.rt_runtime;
 	do_div(rt_runtime_us, NSEC_PER_USEC);
 	return rt_runtime_us;
 }
 
-int sched_group_set_rt_period(struct task_group *tg, long rt_period_us)
+int sched_group_set_rt_period(struct task_group *tg, int task_data,
+			      long rt_period_us)
 {
 	u64 rt_runtime, rt_period;
 
 	rt_period = (u64)rt_period_us * NSEC_PER_USEC;
-	rt_runtime = tg->rt_bandwidth.rt_runtime;
+	rt_runtime = task_data ? tg->rt_task_bandwidth.rt_runtime :
+		     tg->rt_bandwidth.rt_runtime;
 
 	if (rt_period == 0)
 		return -EINVAL;
 
-	return tg_set_bandwidth(tg, rt_period, rt_runtime);
+	return tg_set_bandwidth(tg, task_data, rt_period, rt_runtime);
 }
 
-long sched_group_rt_period(struct task_group *tg)
+long sched_group_rt_period(struct task_group *tg, int task_data)
 {
 	u64 rt_period_us;
 
-	rt_period_us = ktime_to_ns(tg->rt_bandwidth.rt_period);
+	rt_period_us = task_data ?
+		       ktime_to_ns(tg->rt_task_bandwidth.rt_period) :
+		       ktime_to_ns(tg->rt_bandwidth.rt_period);
+
 	do_div(rt_period_us, NSEC_PER_USEC);
 	return rt_period_us;
 }
@@ -8553,7 +8552,7 @@ static int sched_rt_global_constraints(void)
 
 	mutex_lock(&rt_constraints_mutex);
 	read_lock(&tasklist_lock);
-	ret = __rt_schedulable(NULL, 0, 0);
+	ret = __rt_schedulable(NULL, 0, 0, 0);
 	read_unlock(&tasklist_lock);
 	mutex_unlock(&rt_constraints_mutex);
 
@@ -8563,7 +8562,7 @@ static int sched_rt_global_constraints(void)
 int sched_rt_can_attach(struct task_group *tg, struct task_struct *tsk)
 {
 	/* Don't accept realtime tasks when there is no way for them to run */
-	if (rt_task(tsk) && tg->rt_bandwidth.rt_runtime == 0)
+	if (rt_task(tsk) && tg->rt_task_bandwidth.rt_runtime == 0)
 		return 0;
 
 	return 1;
@@ -8735,23 +8734,46 @@ static u64 cpu_shares_read_u64(struct cgroup *cgrp, struct cftype *cft)
 static int cpu_rt_runtime_write(struct cgroup *cgrp, struct cftype *cft,
 				s64 val)
 {
-	return sched_group_set_rt_runtime(cgroup_tg(cgrp), val);
+	return sched_group_set_rt_runtime(cgroup_tg(cgrp), 0, val);
 }
 
 static s64 cpu_rt_runtime_read(struct cgroup *cgrp, struct cftype *cft)
 {
-	return sched_group_rt_runtime(cgroup_tg(cgrp));
+	return sched_group_rt_runtime(cgroup_tg(cgrp), 0);
 }
 
 static int cpu_rt_period_write_uint(struct cgroup *cgrp, struct cftype *cftype,
 		u64 rt_period_us)
 {
-	return sched_group_set_rt_period(cgroup_tg(cgrp), rt_period_us);
+	return sched_group_set_rt_period(cgroup_tg(cgrp), 0, rt_period_us);
 }
 
 static u64 cpu_rt_period_read_uint(struct cgroup *cgrp, struct cftype *cft)
 {
-	return sched_group_rt_period(cgroup_tg(cgrp));
+	return sched_group_rt_period(cgroup_tg(cgrp), 0);
+}
+
+static int cpu_rt_task_runtime_write(struct cgroup *cgrp, struct cftype *cft,
+				     s64 val)
+{
+	return sched_group_set_rt_runtime(cgroup_tg(cgrp), 1, val);
+}
+
+static s64 cpu_rt_task_runtime_read(struct cgroup *cgrp, struct cftype *cft)
+{
+	return sched_group_rt_runtime(cgroup_tg(cgrp), 1);
+}
+
+static int cpu_rt_task_period_write_uint(struct cgroup *cgrp,
+					 struct cftype *cftype,
+					 u64 rt_period_us)
+{
+	return sched_group_set_rt_period(cgroup_tg(cgrp), 1, rt_period_us);
+}
+
+static u64 cpu_rt_task_period_read_uint(struct cgroup *cgrp, struct cftype *cft)
+{
+	return sched_group_rt_period(cgroup_tg(cgrp), 1);
 }
 #endif /* CONFIG_RT_GROUP_SCHED */
 
@@ -8774,6 +8796,16 @@ static struct cftype cpu_files[] = {
 		.read_u64 = cpu_rt_period_read_uint,
 		.write_u64 = cpu_rt_period_write_uint,
 	},
+	{
+		.name = "rt_task_runtime_us",
+		.read_s64 = cpu_rt_task_runtime_read,
+		.write_s64 = cpu_rt_task_runtime_write,
+	},
+	{
+		.name = "rt_task_period_us",
+		.read_u64 = cpu_rt_task_period_read_uint,
+		.write_u64 = cpu_rt_task_period_write_uint,
+	},
 #endif
 };
 
diff --git a/kernel/sched_rt.c b/kernel/sched_rt.c
index bf3e38f..7b8af0b 100644
--- a/kernel/sched_rt.c
+++ b/kernel/sched_rt.c
@@ -5,13 +5,8 @@
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_RT_GROUP_SCHED
 
-#define rt_entity_is_task(rt_se) (!(rt_se)->my_q)
-
 static inline struct task_struct *rt_task_of(struct sched_rt_entity *rt_se)
 {
-#ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_DEBUG
-	WARN_ON_ONCE(!rt_entity_is_task(rt_se));
-#endif
 	return container_of(rt_se, struct task_struct, rt);
 }
 
@@ -27,8 +22,6 @@ static inline struct rt_rq *rt_rq_of_se(struct sched_rt_entity *rt_se)
 
 #else /* CONFIG_RT_GROUP_SCHED */
 
-#define rt_entity_is_task(rt_se) (1)
-
 static inline struct task_struct *rt_task_of(struct sched_rt_entity *rt_se)
 {
 	return container_of(rt_se, struct task_struct, rt);
@@ -36,7 +29,8 @@ static inline struct task_struct *rt_task_of(struct sched_rt_entity *rt_se)
 
 static inline struct rq *rq_of_rt_rq(struct rt_rq *rt_rq)
 {
-	return container_of(rt_rq, struct rq, rt);
+	struct rt_root_rq *rt = container_of(rt_rq, struct rt_root_rq, rt_rq);
+	return container_of(rt, struct rq, rt);
 }
 
 static inline struct rt_rq *rt_rq_of_se(struct sched_rt_entity *rt_se)
@@ -44,7 +38,7 @@ static inline struct rt_rq *rt_rq_of_se(struct sched_rt_entity *rt_se)
 	struct task_struct *p = rt_task_of(rt_se);
 	struct rq *rq = task_rq(p);
 
-	return &rq->rt;
+	return &rq->rt.rt_rq;
 }
 
 #endif /* CONFIG_RT_GROUP_SCHED */
@@ -83,45 +77,41 @@ static inline void rt_clear_overload(struct rq *rq)
 	cpumask_clear_cpu(rq->cpu, rq->rd->rto_mask);
 }
 
-static void update_rt_migration(struct rt_rq *rt_rq)
+static void update_rt_migration(struct rt_root_rq *rt)
 {
-	if (rt_rq->rt_nr_migratory && rt_rq->rt_nr_total > 1) {
-		if (!rt_rq->overloaded) {
-			rt_set_overload(rq_of_rt_rq(rt_rq));
-			rt_rq->overloaded = 1;
+	struct rq *rq = container_of(rt, struct rq, rt);
+
+	if (rt->rt_nr_migratory && rt->rt_nr_total > 1) {
+		if (!rt->overloaded) {
+			rt_set_overload(rq);
+			rt->overloaded = 1;
 		}
-	} else if (rt_rq->overloaded) {
-		rt_clear_overload(rq_of_rt_rq(rt_rq));
-		rt_rq->overloaded = 0;
+	} else if (rt->overloaded) {
+		rt_clear_overload(rq);
+		rt->overloaded = 0;
 	}
 }
 
 static void inc_rt_migration(struct sched_rt_entity *rt_se, struct rt_rq *rt_rq)
 {
-	if (!rt_entity_is_task(rt_se))
-		return;
-
-	rt_rq = &rq_of_rt_rq(rt_rq)->rt;
+	struct rt_root_rq *rt = &rq_of_rt_rq(rt_rq)->rt;
 
-	rt_rq->rt_nr_total++;
+	rt->rt_nr_total++;
 	if (rt_se->nr_cpus_allowed > 1)
-		rt_rq->rt_nr_migratory++;
+		rt->rt_nr_migratory++;
 
-	update_rt_migration(rt_rq);
+	update_rt_migration(rt);
 }
 
 static void dec_rt_migration(struct sched_rt_entity *rt_se, struct rt_rq *rt_rq)
 {
-	if (!rt_entity_is_task(rt_se))
-		return;
-
-	rt_rq = &rq_of_rt_rq(rt_rq)->rt;
+	struct rt_root_rq *rt = &rq_of_rt_rq(rt_rq)->rt;
 
-	rt_rq->rt_nr_total--;
+	rt->rt_nr_total--;
 	if (rt_se->nr_cpus_allowed > 1)
-		rt_rq->rt_nr_migratory--;
+		rt->rt_nr_migratory--;
 
-	update_rt_migration(rt_rq);
+	update_rt_migration(rt);
 }
 
 static void enqueue_pushable_task(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p)
@@ -168,6 +158,18 @@ static inline int on_rt_rq(struct sched_rt_entity *rt_se)
 	return !list_empty(&rt_se->run_list);
 }
 
+static inline int rt_rq_on_rq(struct rt_rq *rt_rq)
+{
+	return !RB_EMPTY_NODE(&rt_rq->rb_node);
+}
+
+static inline int rt_rq_is_leftmost(struct rt_rq *rt_rq)
+{
+	struct rq *rq = rq_of_rt_rq(rt_rq);
+
+	return rq->rt.rt_edf_tree.rb_leftmost == &rt_rq->rb_node;
+}
+
 #ifdef CONFIG_RT_GROUP_SCHED
 
 static inline u64 sched_rt_runtime(struct rt_rq *rt_rq)
@@ -180,48 +182,41 @@ static inline u64 sched_rt_runtime(struct rt_rq *rt_rq)
 
 static inline u64 sched_rt_period(struct rt_rq *rt_rq)
 {
-	return ktime_to_ns(rt_rq->tg->rt_bandwidth.rt_period);
+	return ktime_to_ns(rt_rq->tg->rt_task_bandwidth.rt_period);
 }
 
 #define for_each_leaf_rt_rq(rt_rq, rq) \
 	list_for_each_entry_rcu(rt_rq, &rq->leaf_rt_rq_list, leaf_rt_rq_list)
 
-#define for_each_sched_rt_entity(rt_se) \
-	for (; rt_se; rt_se = rt_se->parent)
-
-static inline struct rt_rq *group_rt_rq(struct sched_rt_entity *rt_se)
-{
-	return rt_se->my_q;
-}
-
-static void enqueue_rt_entity(struct sched_rt_entity *rt_se, bool head);
-static void dequeue_rt_entity(struct sched_rt_entity *rt_se);
+static void __dequeue_rt_rq(struct rt_rq *rt_rq);
+static void __enqueue_rt_rq(struct rt_rq *rt_rq);
 
 static void sched_rt_rq_enqueue(struct rt_rq *rt_rq)
 {
-	int this_cpu = smp_processor_id();
-	struct task_struct *curr = rq_of_rt_rq(rt_rq)->curr;
-	struct sched_rt_entity *rt_se;
-
-	rt_se = rt_rq->tg->rt_se[this_cpu];
+	struct rq *rq = rq_of_rt_rq(rt_rq);
 
-	if (rt_rq->rt_nr_running) {
-		if (rt_se && !on_rt_rq(rt_se))
-			enqueue_rt_entity(rt_se, false);
-		if (rt_rq->highest_prio.curr < curr->prio)
-			resched_task(curr);
+	if (rt_rq->rt_nr_running && !rt_rq_on_rq(rt_rq)) {
+		__enqueue_rt_rq(rt_rq);
+		if (rt_rq_is_leftmost(rt_rq))
+			resched_task(rq->curr);
 	}
 }
 
 static void sched_rt_rq_dequeue(struct rt_rq *rt_rq)
 {
-	int this_cpu = smp_processor_id();
-	struct sched_rt_entity *rt_se;
+	if (rt_rq_on_rq(rt_rq))
+		__dequeue_rt_rq(rt_rq);
+}
 
-	rt_se = rt_rq->tg->rt_se[this_cpu];
+static inline void sched_rt_deadline_updated(struct rt_rq *rt_rq)
+{
+	int was_leftmost = rt_rq_is_leftmost(rt_rq);
 
-	if (rt_se && on_rt_rq(rt_se))
-		dequeue_rt_entity(rt_se);
+	sched_rt_rq_dequeue(rt_rq);
+	sched_rt_rq_enqueue(rt_rq);
+
+	if (was_leftmost && !rt_rq_is_leftmost(rt_rq))
+		resched_task(rq_of_rt_rq(rt_rq)->curr);
 }
 
 static inline int rt_rq_throttled(struct rt_rq *rt_rq)
@@ -231,12 +226,8 @@ static inline int rt_rq_throttled(struct rt_rq *rt_rq)
 
 static int rt_se_boosted(struct sched_rt_entity *rt_se)
 {
-	struct rt_rq *rt_rq = group_rt_rq(rt_se);
 	struct task_struct *p;
 
-	if (rt_rq)
-		return !!rt_rq->rt_nr_boosted;
-
 	p = rt_task_of(rt_se);
 	return p->prio != p->normal_prio;
 }
@@ -256,12 +247,48 @@ static inline const struct cpumask *sched_rt_period_mask(void)
 static inline
 struct rt_rq *sched_rt_period_rt_rq(struct rt_bandwidth *rt_b, int cpu)
 {
-	return container_of(rt_b, struct task_group, rt_bandwidth)->rt_rq[cpu];
+	return container_of(rt_b, struct task_group,
+			    rt_task_bandwidth)->rt_rq[cpu];
 }
 
 static inline struct rt_bandwidth *sched_rt_bandwidth(struct rt_rq *rt_rq)
 {
-	return &rt_rq->tg->rt_bandwidth;
+	return &rt_rq->tg->rt_task_bandwidth;
+}
+
+static inline void rt_period_set_expires(struct rt_rq *rt_rq)
+{
+	ktime_t now, delta, dline;
+	struct rq *rq = rq_of_rt_rq(rt_rq);
+
+	/*
+	 * Compensate for discrepancies between rq->clock (used to
+	 * calculate deadlines) and the hrtimer-measured time, to obtain
+	 * a valid absolute time instant for the timer itself.
+	 */
+	now = hrtimer_cb_get_time(&rt_rq->rt_period_timer);
+	delta = ktime_sub_ns(now, rq->clock);
+	dline = ktime_add(ns_to_ktime(rt_rq->rt_deadline), delta);
+
+	hrtimer_set_expires(&rt_rq->rt_period_timer, dline);
+}
+
+static int __do_sched_rt_period_timer(struct rt_rq *rt_rq, int overrun);
+
+static inline void rt_compensate_overruns(struct rt_rq *rt_rq, int overrun)
+{
+	if (unlikely(overrun))
+		__do_sched_rt_period_timer(rt_rq, overrun);
+}
+
+static struct rt_rq *pick_next_rt_rq(struct rq *rq)
+{
+	struct rb_node *left = rq->rt.rt_edf_tree.rb_leftmost;
+
+	if (!left)
+		return NULL;
+
+	return rb_entry(left, struct rt_rq, rb_node);
 }
 
 #else /* !CONFIG_RT_GROUP_SCHED */
@@ -279,14 +306,6 @@ static inline u64 sched_rt_period(struct rt_rq *rt_rq)
 #define for_each_leaf_rt_rq(rt_rq, rq) \
 	for (rt_rq = &rq->rt; rt_rq; rt_rq = NULL)
 
-#define for_each_sched_rt_entity(rt_se) \
-	for (; rt_se; rt_se = NULL)
-
-static inline struct rt_rq *group_rt_rq(struct sched_rt_entity *rt_se)
-{
-	return NULL;
-}
-
 static inline void sched_rt_rq_enqueue(struct rt_rq *rt_rq)
 {
 	if (rt_rq->rt_nr_running)
@@ -297,6 +316,8 @@ static inline void sched_rt_rq_dequeue(struct rt_rq *rt_rq)
 {
 }
 
+static inline void sched_rt_deadline_updated(struct rt_rq *rt_rq) {}
+
 static inline int rt_rq_throttled(struct rt_rq *rt_rq)
 {
 	return rt_rq->rt_throttled;
@@ -310,7 +331,7 @@ static inline const struct cpumask *sched_rt_period_mask(void)
 static inline
 struct rt_rq *sched_rt_period_rt_rq(struct rt_bandwidth *rt_b, int cpu)
 {
-	return &cpu_rq(cpu)->rt;
+	return &cpu_rq(cpu)->rt.rt_rq;
 }
 
 static inline struct rt_bandwidth *sched_rt_bandwidth(struct rt_rq *rt_rq)
@@ -318,8 +339,26 @@ static inline struct rt_bandwidth *sched_rt_bandwidth(struct rt_rq *rt_rq)
 	return &def_rt_bandwidth;
 }
 
+static inline void rt_period_set_expires(struct rt_rq *rt_rq) {}
+static inline void rt_compensate_overruns(struct rt_rq *rt_rq, int overrun) {}
+
+static struct rt_rq *pick_next_rt_rq(struct rq *rq)
+{
+	struct rt_rq *rt_rq = &rq->rt.rt_rq;
+
+	if (!rt_rq->rt_nr_running || rt_rq_throttled(rt_rq))
+		return NULL;
+
+	return rt_rq;
+}
+
 #endif /* CONFIG_RT_GROUP_SCHED */
 
+static inline int rt_time_before(u64 a, u64 b)
+{
+	return (s64)(a - b) < 0;
+}
+
 #ifdef CONFIG_SMP
 /*
  * We ran out of runtime, see if we can borrow some from our neighbours.
@@ -516,56 +555,119 @@ static inline int balance_runtime(struct rt_rq *rt_rq)
 }
 #endif /* CONFIG_SMP */
 
-static int do_sched_rt_period_timer(struct rt_bandwidth *rt_b, int overrun)
+static inline int rt_rq_needs_recharge(struct rt_rq *rt_rq)
 {
-	int i, idle = 1;
-	const struct cpumask *span;
+	if (rt_rq->rt_time)
+		return 1;
 
-	if (!rt_bandwidth_enabled() || rt_b->rt_runtime == RUNTIME_INF)
+	if (!rt_rq_on_rq(rt_rq))
 		return 1;
 
-	span = sched_rt_period_mask();
-	for_each_cpu(i, span) {
-		int enqueue = 0;
-		struct rt_rq *rt_rq = sched_rt_period_rt_rq(rt_b, i);
-		struct rq *rq = rq_of_rt_rq(rt_rq);
-
-		raw_spin_lock(&rq->lock);
-		if (rt_rq->rt_time) {
-			u64 runtime;
-
-			raw_spin_lock(&rt_rq->rt_runtime_lock);
-			if (rt_rq->rt_throttled)
-				balance_runtime(rt_rq);
-			runtime = rt_rq->rt_runtime;
-			rt_rq->rt_time -= min(rt_rq->rt_time, overrun*runtime);
-			if (rt_rq->rt_throttled && rt_rq->rt_time < runtime) {
-				rt_rq->rt_throttled = 0;
-				enqueue = 1;
-			}
-			if (rt_rq->rt_time || rt_rq->rt_nr_running)
-				idle = 0;
-			raw_spin_unlock(&rt_rq->rt_runtime_lock);
-		} else if (rt_rq->rt_nr_running)
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int __do_sched_rt_period_timer(struct rt_rq *rt_rq, int overrun)
+{
+	int idle = 1;
+	u64 runtime;
+
+	if (rt_rq->rt_time) {
+		runtime = rt_rq->rt_runtime;
+		rt_rq->rt_time -= min(rt_rq->rt_time, overrun * runtime);
+		rt_rq->rt_deadline += overrun * ktime_to_ns(rt_rq->rt_period);
+
+		if (rt_rq->rt_time || rt_rq->rt_nr_running)
 			idle = 0;
 
-		if (enqueue)
+		if (rt_rq->rt_throttled && rt_rq->rt_time < runtime) {
+			/* Un-throttle (even if we were boosted). */
+			rt_rq->rt_throttled = 0;
 			sched_rt_rq_enqueue(rt_rq);
-		raw_spin_unlock(&rq->lock);
-	}
+		} else if (!rt_rq_throttled(rt_rq)) {
+			/* The deadline changed, (re-)queue rt_rq. */
+			sched_rt_deadline_updated(rt_rq);
+		}
+	} else if (rt_rq->rt_nr_running)
+		idle = 0;
+
+	return idle && !rt_rq_needs_recharge(rt_rq);
+}
+
+static int do_sched_rt_period_timer(struct rt_rq *rt_rq, int overrun)
+{
+	struct rq *rq = rq_of_rt_rq(rt_rq);
+	int idle;
+
+	if (!rt_bandwidth_enabled() || rt_rq->rt_runtime == RUNTIME_INF)
+		return 1;
+
+	raw_spin_lock(&rq->lock);
+	raw_spin_lock(&rt_rq->rt_runtime_lock);
+
+	if (rt_rq->rt_throttled)
+		balance_runtime(rt_rq);
+
+	idle = __do_sched_rt_period_timer(rt_rq, overrun);
+
+	raw_spin_unlock(&rt_rq->rt_runtime_lock);
+	raw_spin_unlock(&rq->lock);
 
 	return idle;
 }
 
-static inline int rt_se_prio(struct sched_rt_entity *rt_se)
+static enum hrtimer_restart sched_rt_period_timer(struct hrtimer *hrtimer)
 {
-#ifdef CONFIG_RT_GROUP_SCHED
-	struct rt_rq *rt_rq = group_rt_rq(rt_se);
+	struct rt_rq *rt_rq = container_of(hrtimer, struct rt_rq,
+					   rt_period_timer);
+	int overrun, idle = 0;
 
-	if (rt_rq)
-		return rt_rq->highest_prio.curr;
-#endif
+	for (;;) {
+		overrun = hrtimer_forward_now(hrtimer, rt_rq->rt_period);
+
+		if (!overrun)
+			break;
+
+		idle = do_sched_rt_period_timer(rt_rq, overrun);
+	}
+
+	return idle ? HRTIMER_NORESTART : HRTIMER_RESTART;
+}
+
+static void start_rt_period_timer(struct rt_rq *rt_rq)
+{
+	ktime_t soft, hard;
+	unsigned long range;
+	int overrun;
 
+	rt_period_set_expires(rt_rq);
+
+	for (;;) {
+		/* Timer started, we'll get our recharge. */
+		if (hrtimer_active(&rt_rq->rt_period_timer))
+			return;
+
+		/* Make sure dline is in the future when the timer starts. */
+		overrun = hrtimer_forward_now(&rt_rq->rt_period_timer,
+					      rt_rq->rt_period);
+
+		/* Update deadline and handle recharges in case of overrun. */
+		rt_compensate_overruns(rt_rq, overrun);
+
+		/* Avoid unnecessary timer expirations. */
+		if (!rt_rq_needs_recharge(rt_rq))
+			return;
+
+		/* Try to program the timer. */
+		soft = hrtimer_get_softexpires(&rt_rq->rt_period_timer);
+		hard = hrtimer_get_expires(&rt_rq->rt_period_timer);
+		range = ktime_to_ns(ktime_sub(hard, soft));
+		__hrtimer_start_range_ns(&rt_rq->rt_period_timer, soft,
+					 range, HRTIMER_MODE_ABS, 0);
+	}
+}
+
+static inline int rt_se_prio(struct sched_rt_entity *rt_se)
+{
 	return rt_task_of(rt_se)->prio;
 }
 
@@ -586,6 +688,7 @@ static int sched_rt_runtime_exceeded(struct rt_rq *rt_rq)
 
 	if (rt_rq->rt_time > runtime) {
 		rt_rq->rt_throttled = 1;
+		start_rt_period_timer(rt_rq);
 		if (rt_rq_throttled(rt_rq)) {
 			sched_rt_rq_dequeue(rt_rq);
 			return 1;
@@ -626,16 +729,12 @@ static void update_curr_rt(struct rq *rq)
 	if (!rt_bandwidth_enabled())
 		return;
 
-	for_each_sched_rt_entity(rt_se) {
-		rt_rq = rt_rq_of_se(rt_se);
-
-		if (sched_rt_runtime(rt_rq) != RUNTIME_INF) {
-			raw_spin_lock(&rt_rq->rt_runtime_lock);
-			rt_rq->rt_time += delta_exec;
-			if (sched_rt_runtime_exceeded(rt_rq))
-				resched_task(curr);
-			raw_spin_unlock(&rt_rq->rt_runtime_lock);
-		}
+	if (sched_rt_runtime(rt_rq) != RUNTIME_INF) {
+		raw_spin_lock(&rt_rq->rt_runtime_lock);
+		rt_rq->rt_time += delta_exec;
+		if (sched_rt_runtime_exceeded(rt_rq))
+			resched_task(curr);
+		raw_spin_unlock(&rt_rq->rt_runtime_lock);
 	}
 }
 
@@ -653,94 +752,134 @@ static inline int next_prio(struct rq *rq)
 		return MAX_RT_PRIO;
 }
 
-static void
-inc_rt_prio_smp(struct rt_rq *rt_rq, int prio, int prev_prio)
+static void inc_rq_next_prio(struct rq *rq, int prio, int prev_prio)
 {
-	struct rq *rq = rq_of_rt_rq(rt_rq);
+	struct rt_root_rq *rt = &rq->rt;
 
 	if (prio < prev_prio) {
-
 		/*
 		 * If the new task is higher in priority than anything on the
 		 * run-queue, we know that the previous high becomes our
 		 * next-highest.
 		 */
-		rt_rq->highest_prio.next = prev_prio;
+		rt->highest_prio.next = prev_prio;
 
 		if (rq->online)
 			cpupri_set(&rq->rd->cpupri, rq->cpu, prio);
-
-	} else if (prio == rt_rq->highest_prio.curr)
+	} else if (prio == rt->highest_prio.curr) {
 		/*
 		 * If the next task is equal in priority to the highest on
 		 * the run-queue, then we implicitly know that the next highest
 		 * task cannot be any lower than current
 		 */
-		rt_rq->highest_prio.next = prio;
-	else if (prio < rt_rq->highest_prio.next)
+		rt->highest_prio.next = prio;
+	} else if (prio < rt->highest_prio.next) {
 		/*
 		 * Otherwise, we need to recompute next-highest
 		 */
-		rt_rq->highest_prio.next = next_prio(rq);
+		rt->highest_prio.next = next_prio(rq);
+	}
 }
 
-static void
-dec_rt_prio_smp(struct rt_rq *rt_rq, int prio, int prev_prio)
+static void dec_rq_next_prio(struct rq *rq, int prio, int prev_prio)
+{
+	struct rt_root_rq *rt = &rq->rt;
+
+	if (rt->rt_nr_total && (prio <= rt->highest_prio.next))
+		rt->highest_prio.next = next_prio(rq);
+
+	if (rq->online && rt->highest_prio.curr != prev_prio)
+		cpupri_set(&rq->rd->cpupri, rq->cpu, rt->highest_prio.curr);
+}
+
+static inline void inc_rq_prio(struct rt_rq *rt_rq, int prio)
 {
 	struct rq *rq = rq_of_rt_rq(rt_rq);
+	int prev_prio = rq->rt.highest_prio.curr;
+
+	if (prio < prev_prio)
+		rq->rt.highest_prio.curr = prio;
 
-	if (rt_rq->rt_nr_running && (prio <= rt_rq->highest_prio.next))
-		rt_rq->highest_prio.next = next_prio(rq);
+	inc_rq_next_prio(rq, prio, prev_prio);
+}
+
+static inline int find_highest_prio(struct rq *rq)
+{
+	struct rt_rq *rt_rq;
+	int max = MAX_RT_PRIO;
+
+	for_each_leaf_rt_rq(rt_rq, rq) {
+		if (rt_rq->highest_prio < max)
+			max = rt_rq->highest_prio;
+	}
+
+	return max;
+}
+
+static void dec_rq_prio(struct rt_rq *rt_rq, int prio)
+{
+	struct rq *rq = rq_of_rt_rq(rt_rq);
+	int prev_prio = rq->rt.highest_prio.curr;
+
+	if (rq->rt.rt_nr_total) {
+		WARN_ON(prio < prev_prio);
+		/*
+		 * This may have been our highest task, and therefore
+		 * we may have some recomputation to do; since rq->rt
+		 * does not contain tasks/groups, we have to look into
+		 * the child runqueues.  (A possible optimization would
+		 * be using the prio_array of rq->rt to store entities
+		 * for the group, but with per-group balancing this
+		 * lookup will be no longer necessary.)
+		 */
+		if (prio == prev_prio)
+			rq->rt.highest_prio.curr = find_highest_prio(rq);
+	} else
+		rq->rt.highest_prio.curr = MAX_RT_PRIO;
 
-	if (rq->online && rt_rq->highest_prio.curr != prev_prio)
-		cpupri_set(&rq->rd->cpupri, rq->cpu, rt_rq->highest_prio.curr);
+	dec_rq_next_prio(rq, prio, prev_prio);
 }
 
 #else /* CONFIG_SMP */
 
-static inline
-void inc_rt_prio_smp(struct rt_rq *rt_rq, int prio, int prev_prio) {}
-static inline
-void dec_rt_prio_smp(struct rt_rq *rt_rq, int prio, int prev_prio) {}
+static inline void inc_rq_prio(struct rt_rq *rt_rq, int prio) {}
+static inline void dec_rq_prio(struct rt_rq *rt_rq, int prio) {}
 
 #endif /* CONFIG_SMP */
 
 #if defined CONFIG_SMP || defined CONFIG_RT_GROUP_SCHED
+
 static void
 inc_rt_prio(struct rt_rq *rt_rq, int prio)
 {
-	int prev_prio = rt_rq->highest_prio.curr;
+	int prev_prio = rt_rq->highest_prio;
 
 	if (prio < prev_prio)
-		rt_rq->highest_prio.curr = prio;
+		rt_rq->highest_prio = prio;
 
-	inc_rt_prio_smp(rt_rq, prio, prev_prio);
+	inc_rq_prio(rt_rq, prio);
 }
 
 static void
 dec_rt_prio(struct rt_rq *rt_rq, int prio)
 {
-	int prev_prio = rt_rq->highest_prio.curr;
+	int prev_prio = rt_rq->highest_prio;
 
 	if (rt_rq->rt_nr_running) {
-
 		WARN_ON(prio < prev_prio);
-
 		/*
 		 * This may have been our highest task, and therefore
 		 * we may have some recomputation to do
 		 */
 		if (prio == prev_prio) {
 			struct rt_prio_array *array = &rt_rq->active;
-
-			rt_rq->highest_prio.curr =
+			rt_rq->highest_prio =
 				sched_find_first_bit(array->bitmap);
 		}
-
 	} else
-		rt_rq->highest_prio.curr = MAX_RT_PRIO;
+		rt_rq->highest_prio = MAX_RT_PRIO;
 
-	dec_rt_prio_smp(rt_rq, prio, prev_prio);
+	dec_rq_prio(rt_rq, prio);
 }
 
 #else
@@ -757,9 +896,6 @@ inc_rt_group(struct sched_rt_entity *rt_se, struct rt_rq *rt_rq)
 {
 	if (rt_se_boosted(rt_se))
 		rt_rq->rt_nr_boosted++;
-
-	if (rt_rq->tg)
-		start_rt_bandwidth(&rt_rq->tg->rt_bandwidth);
 }
 
 static void
@@ -771,17 +907,226 @@ dec_rt_group(struct sched_rt_entity *rt_se, struct rt_rq *rt_rq)
 	WARN_ON(!rt_rq->rt_nr_running && rt_rq->rt_nr_boosted);
 }
 
+static inline int rt_rq_prio(struct rt_rq *rt_rq)
+{
+	return rt_rq->highest_prio;
+}
+
+static inline int rt_rq_before(struct rt_rq *a, struct rt_rq *b)
+{
+	/*
+	 * Schedule by priority if:
+	 * - both a and b are boosted;
+	 * - throttling is disabled system-wide.
+	 */
+	if ((a->rt_nr_boosted && b->rt_nr_boosted) ||
+	    global_rt_runtime() == RUNTIME_INF)
+		return rt_rq_prio(a) < rt_rq_prio(b);
+
+	/* Only a is boosted, choose it. */
+	if (a->rt_nr_boosted)
+		return 1;
+
+	/* Only b is boosted, choose it. */
+	if (b->rt_nr_boosted)
+		return 0;
+
+	/* Order by deadline. */
+	return rt_time_before(a->rt_deadline, b->rt_deadline);
+}
+
+static void __enqueue_rt_rq(struct rt_rq *rt_rq)
+{
+	struct rq *rq = rq_of_rt_rq(rt_rq);
+	struct rt_edf_tree *rt_tree = &rq->rt.rt_edf_tree;
+	struct rb_node **link = &rt_tree->rb_root.rb_node;
+	struct rb_node *parent = NULL;
+	struct rt_rq *entry;
+	int leftmost = 1;
+
+	BUG_ON(rt_rq_on_rq(rt_rq));
+
+	while (*link) {
+		parent = *link;
+		entry = rb_entry(parent, struct rt_rq, rb_node);
+		if (rt_rq_before(rt_rq, entry))
+			link = &parent->rb_left;
+		else {
+			link = &parent->rb_right;
+			leftmost = 0;
+		}
+	}
+
+	if (leftmost)
+		rt_tree->rb_leftmost = &rt_rq->rb_node;
+
+	rb_link_node(&rt_rq->rb_node, parent, link);
+	rb_insert_color(&rt_rq->rb_node, &rt_tree->rb_root);
+}
+
+static void __dequeue_rt_rq(struct rt_rq *rt_rq)
+{
+	struct rq *rq = rq_of_rt_rq(rt_rq);
+	struct rt_edf_tree *rt_tree = &rq->rt.rt_edf_tree;
+
+	BUG_ON(!rt_rq_on_rq(rt_rq));
+
+	if (rt_tree->rb_leftmost == &rt_rq->rb_node)
+		rt_tree->rb_leftmost = rb_next(&rt_rq->rb_node);
+
+	rb_erase(&rt_rq->rb_node, &rt_tree->rb_root);
+	RB_CLEAR_NODE(&rt_rq->rb_node);
+}
+
+static void rt_rq_update_deadline(struct rt_rq *rt_rq)
+{
+	struct rq *rq = rq_of_rt_rq(rt_rq);
+	u64 runtime, period, left, right;
+
+	raw_spin_lock(&rt_rq->rt_runtime_lock);
+
+	runtime = sched_rt_runtime(rt_rq);
+	period = ktime_to_ns(rt_rq->rt_period);
+	/*
+	 * Update the deadline to the current time only if:
+	 * - it is in the past;
+	 * - using it would lead to a timeframe during which the
+	 *   group would exceed ist allocated bandwidth.
+	 *
+	 * For the second condition to hold, we check that in the
+	 * time left before the deadline, using the residual budget,
+	 * the group would exceed its runtime / period share.
+	 * In formula:
+	 *   rt_time / (deadline - rq->clock) >= runtime / period
+	 *
+	 * left and right are the two sides of the equation, after a bit
+	 * of shuffling to use multiplications instead of divisions; the
+	 * goto is there to avoid the multiplications when not necessary.
+	 */
+	if (rt_time_before(rt_rq->rt_deadline, rq->clock))
+		goto update;
+
+	left = period * rt_rq->rt_time;
+	right = (rt_rq->rt_deadline - rq->clock) * rt_rq->rt_runtime;
+
+	if (rt_time_before(right, left)) {
+update:
+		rt_rq->rt_deadline = rq->clock + period;
+		rt_rq->rt_time -= min(runtime, rt_rq->rt_time);
+
+		/*
+		 * Be sure to return a runqueue that can execute, if it
+		 * was boosted and consumed too much runtime; postpone
+		 * the deadline accordingly.
+		 */
+		while (rt_rq->rt_time > runtime) {
+			rt_rq->rt_deadline += period;
+			rt_rq->rt_time -= runtime;
+		}
+	}
+	raw_spin_unlock(&rt_rq->rt_runtime_lock);
+}
+
+static inline int rt_rq_boosted(struct rt_rq *rt_rq)
+{
+	if (!rt_rq->rt_nr_boosted)
+		return MAX_RT_PRIO;
+
+	return rt_rq_prio(rt_rq);
+}
+
+static void enqueue_rt_rq(struct rt_rq *rt_rq, int old_boosted)
+{
+	int on_rq = rt_rq_on_rq(rt_rq);
+
+	BUG_ON(!rt_rq->rt_nr_running);
+	BUG_ON(on_rq && rt_rq_throttled(rt_rq));
+
+	if (on_rq) {
+		if (old_boosted != rt_rq_boosted(rt_rq)) {
+			/* Boosted priority/state change: requeue rt_rq. */
+			__dequeue_rt_rq(rt_rq);
+		} else {
+			/* Already queued properly. */
+			return;
+		}
+	}
+
+	if (rt_rq_throttled(rt_rq))
+		return;
+
+	if (!rt_rq->rt_nr_boosted) {
+		/*
+		 * When we update a deadline we may end up rebalancing, and
+		 * thus requeueing the rt_rq, so we need to revalidate on_rq.
+		 */
+		rt_rq_update_deadline(rt_rq);
+		on_rq = rt_rq_on_rq(rt_rq);
+	}
+
+	if (!on_rq)
+		__enqueue_rt_rq(rt_rq);
+}
+
+static void dequeue_rt_rq(struct rt_rq *rt_rq, int old_boosted)
+{
+	int on_rq = rt_rq_on_rq(rt_rq);
+
+	/*
+	 * Here we do not expect throttled rt_rq's to be in the
+	 * EDF tree; note that when they exceed their assigned budget
+	 * they are dequeued via sched_rt_rq_dequeue().
+	 */
+	BUG_ON(on_rq && rt_rq_throttled(rt_rq));
+
+	if (on_rq && (!rt_rq->rt_nr_running ||
+	    old_boosted != rt_rq_boosted(rt_rq))) {
+		/*
+		 * Dequeue the rt_rq either if it has no more tasks or
+		 * its boosted priority/status changed and it needs to
+		 * be requeued.
+		 */
+		__dequeue_rt_rq(rt_rq);
+		on_rq = 0;
+	}
+
+	/* If we do not need to requeue the rt_rq, just return. */
+	if (!rt_rq->rt_nr_running || rt_rq_throttled(rt_rq))
+		return;
+
+	/* Reposition rt_rq. */
+	if (!on_rq)
+		__enqueue_rt_rq(rt_rq);
+}
+
 #else /* CONFIG_RT_GROUP_SCHED */
 
 static void
 inc_rt_group(struct sched_rt_entity *rt_se, struct rt_rq *rt_rq)
 {
-	start_rt_bandwidth(&def_rt_bandwidth);
+	raw_spin_lock(&rt_rq->rt_runtime_lock);
+	start_rt_period_timer(rt_rq);
+	raw_spin_unlock(&rt_rq->rt_runtime_lock);
 }
 
 static inline
 void dec_rt_group(struct sched_rt_entity *rt_se, struct rt_rq *rt_rq) {}
 
+static inline int rt_rq_boosted(struct rt_rq *rt_rq)
+{
+	return MAX_RT_PRIO;
+}
+
+static inline int rt_rq_before(struct rt_rq *a, struct rt_rq *b)
+{
+	BUG();
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static inline void enqueue_rt_rq(struct rt_rq *rt_rq, int old_boosted) {}
+static inline void dequeue_rt_rq(struct rt_rq *rt_rq, int old_boosted) {}
+
 #endif /* CONFIG_RT_GROUP_SCHED */
 
 static inline
@@ -792,38 +1137,31 @@ void inc_rt_tasks(struct sched_rt_entity *rt_se, struct rt_rq *rt_rq)
 	WARN_ON(!rt_prio(prio));
 	rt_rq->rt_nr_running++;
 
-	inc_rt_prio(rt_rq, prio);
 	inc_rt_migration(rt_se, rt_rq);
+	inc_rt_prio(rt_rq, prio);
 	inc_rt_group(rt_se, rt_rq);
 }
 
 static inline
 void dec_rt_tasks(struct sched_rt_entity *rt_se, struct rt_rq *rt_rq)
 {
-	WARN_ON(!rt_prio(rt_se_prio(rt_se)));
+	int prio = rt_se_prio(rt_se);
+
+	WARN_ON(!rt_prio(prio));
 	WARN_ON(!rt_rq->rt_nr_running);
 	rt_rq->rt_nr_running--;
 
-	dec_rt_prio(rt_rq, rt_se_prio(rt_se));
 	dec_rt_migration(rt_se, rt_rq);
+	dec_rt_prio(rt_rq, prio);
 	dec_rt_group(rt_se, rt_rq);
 }
 
-static void __enqueue_rt_entity(struct sched_rt_entity *rt_se, bool head)
+static void enqueue_rt_entity(struct sched_rt_entity *rt_se, bool head)
 {
 	struct rt_rq *rt_rq = rt_rq_of_se(rt_se);
 	struct rt_prio_array *array = &rt_rq->active;
-	struct rt_rq *group_rq = group_rt_rq(rt_se);
 	struct list_head *queue = array->queue + rt_se_prio(rt_se);
-
-	/*
-	 * Don't enqueue the group if its throttled, or when empty.
-	 * The latter is a consequence of the former when a child group
-	 * get throttled and the current group doesn't have any other
-	 * active members.
-	 */
-	if (group_rq && (rt_rq_throttled(group_rq) || !group_rq->rt_nr_running))
-		return;
+	int boosted = rt_rq_boosted(rt_rq);
 
 	if (head)
 		list_add(&rt_se->run_list, queue);
@@ -832,56 +1170,22 @@ static void __enqueue_rt_entity(struct sched_rt_entity *rt_se, bool head)
 	__set_bit(rt_se_prio(rt_se), array->bitmap);
 
 	inc_rt_tasks(rt_se, rt_rq);
+
+	enqueue_rt_rq(rt_rq, boosted);
 }
 
-static void __dequeue_rt_entity(struct sched_rt_entity *rt_se)
+static void dequeue_rt_entity(struct sched_rt_entity *rt_se)
 {
 	struct rt_rq *rt_rq = rt_rq_of_se(rt_se);
 	struct rt_prio_array *array = &rt_rq->active;
+	int boosted = rt_rq_boosted(rt_rq);
 
 	list_del_init(&rt_se->run_list);
 	if (list_empty(array->queue + rt_se_prio(rt_se)))
 		__clear_bit(rt_se_prio(rt_se), array->bitmap);
 
 	dec_rt_tasks(rt_se, rt_rq);
-}
-
-/*
- * Because the prio of an upper entry depends on the lower
- * entries, we must remove entries top - down.
- */
-static void dequeue_rt_stack(struct sched_rt_entity *rt_se)
-{
-	struct sched_rt_entity *back = NULL;
-
-	for_each_sched_rt_entity(rt_se) {
-		rt_se->back = back;
-		back = rt_se;
-	}
-
-	for (rt_se = back; rt_se; rt_se = rt_se->back) {
-		if (on_rt_rq(rt_se))
-			__dequeue_rt_entity(rt_se);
-	}
-}
-
-static void enqueue_rt_entity(struct sched_rt_entity *rt_se, bool head)
-{
-	dequeue_rt_stack(rt_se);
-	for_each_sched_rt_entity(rt_se)
-		__enqueue_rt_entity(rt_se, head);
-}
-
-static void dequeue_rt_entity(struct sched_rt_entity *rt_se)
-{
-	dequeue_rt_stack(rt_se);
-
-	for_each_sched_rt_entity(rt_se) {
-		struct rt_rq *rt_rq = group_rt_rq(rt_se);
-
-		if (rt_rq && rt_rq->rt_nr_running)
-			__enqueue_rt_entity(rt_se, false);
-	}
+	dequeue_rt_rq(rt_rq, boosted);
 }
 
 /*
@@ -932,12 +1236,9 @@ requeue_rt_entity(struct rt_rq *rt_rq, struct sched_rt_entity *rt_se, int head)
 static void requeue_task_rt(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p, int head)
 {
 	struct sched_rt_entity *rt_se = &p->rt;
-	struct rt_rq *rt_rq;
+	struct rt_rq *rt_rq = rt_rq_of_se(rt_se);
 
-	for_each_sched_rt_entity(rt_se) {
-		rt_rq = rt_rq_of_se(rt_se);
-		requeue_rt_entity(rt_rq, rt_se, head);
-	}
+	requeue_rt_entity(rt_rq, rt_se, head);
 }
 
 static void yield_task_rt(struct rq *rq)
@@ -1009,12 +1310,26 @@ static void check_preempt_equal_prio(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p)
 
 #endif /* CONFIG_SMP */
 
+static inline int check_preempt_rt_rq(struct task_struct *curr,
+				      struct task_struct *p)
+{
+	struct rt_rq *rt_rq, *cur_rq;
+
+	cur_rq = rt_rq_of_se(&curr->rt);
+	rt_rq = rt_rq_of_se(&p->rt);
+
+	if (rt_rq == cur_rq)
+		return p->prio < curr->prio;
+
+	return rt_rq_before(rt_rq, cur_rq);
+}
+
 /*
  * Preempt the current task with a newly woken task if needed:
  */
 static void check_preempt_curr_rt(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p, int flags)
 {
-	if (p->prio < rq->curr->prio) {
+	if (check_preempt_rt_rq(rq->curr, p)) {
 		resched_task(rq->curr);
 		return;
 	}
@@ -1037,14 +1352,19 @@ static void check_preempt_curr_rt(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p, int flag
 #endif
 }
 
-static struct sched_rt_entity *pick_next_rt_entity(struct rq *rq,
-						   struct rt_rq *rt_rq)
+static struct sched_rt_entity *pick_next_rt_entity(struct rq *rq)
 {
-	struct rt_prio_array *array = &rt_rq->active;
-	struct sched_rt_entity *next = NULL;
+	struct rt_rq *rt_rq;
+	struct rt_prio_array *array;
+	struct sched_rt_entity *next;
 	struct list_head *queue;
 	int idx;
 
+	rt_rq = pick_next_rt_rq(rq);
+	if (!rt_rq)
+		return NULL;
+
+	array = &rt_rq->active;
 	idx = sched_find_first_bit(array->bitmap);
 	BUG_ON(idx >= MAX_RT_PRIO);
 
@@ -1058,22 +1378,11 @@ static struct task_struct *_pick_next_task_rt(struct rq *rq)
 {
 	struct sched_rt_entity *rt_se;
 	struct task_struct *p;
-	struct rt_rq *rt_rq;
-
-	rt_rq = &rq->rt;
 
-	if (unlikely(!rt_rq->rt_nr_running))
+	rt_se = pick_next_rt_entity(rq);
+	if (!rt_se)
 		return NULL;
 
-	if (rt_rq_throttled(rt_rq))
-		return NULL;
-
-	do {
-		rt_se = pick_next_rt_entity(rq, rt_rq);
-		BUG_ON(!rt_se);
-		rt_rq = group_rt_rq(rt_se);
-	} while (rt_rq);
-
 	p = rt_task_of(rt_se);
 	p->se.exec_start = rq->clock;
 
@@ -1311,7 +1620,7 @@ static int push_rt_task(struct rq *rq)
 	if (!next_task)
 		return 0;
 
- retry:
+retry:
 	if (unlikely(next_task == rq->curr)) {
 		WARN_ON(1);
 		return 0;
@@ -1423,7 +1732,7 @@ static int pull_rt_task(struct rq *this_rq)
 		/*
 		 * Are there still pullable RT tasks?
 		 */
-		if (src_rq->rt.rt_nr_running <= 1)
+		if (src_rq->rt.rt_nr_total <= 1)
 			goto skip;
 
 		p = pick_next_highest_task_rt(src_rq, this_cpu);
@@ -1459,7 +1768,7 @@ static int pull_rt_task(struct rq *this_rq)
 			 * but possible)
 			 */
 		}
- skip:
+skip:
 		double_unlock_balance(this_rq, src_rq);
 	}
 
@@ -1573,7 +1882,7 @@ static void switched_from_rt(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p,
 	 * we may need to handle the pulling of RT tasks
 	 * now.
 	 */
-	if (!rq->rt.rt_nr_running)
+	if (!rq->rt.rt_nr_total)
 		pull_rt_task(rq);
 }
 
-- 
1.6.5.7



^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 26+ messages in thread

* [PATCH 2/3] sched: enforce per-cpu utilization limits on runtime balancing
  2010-02-23 18:56 [PATCH 0/3] sched: use EDF to throttle RT task groups v2 Fabio Checconi
  2010-02-23 18:56 ` [PATCH 1/3] sched: use EDF to schedule groups Fabio Checconi
@ 2010-02-23 18:56 ` Fabio Checconi
  2010-02-25 20:28   ` Peter Zijlstra
                     ` (4 more replies)
  2010-02-23 18:56 ` [PATCH 3/3] sched: make runtime balancing code more EDF-friendly Fabio Checconi
                   ` (2 subsequent siblings)
  4 siblings, 5 replies; 26+ messages in thread
From: Fabio Checconi @ 2010-02-23 18:56 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Peter Zijlstra
  Cc: Ingo Molnar, Thomas Gleixner, Paul Turner, Dario Faggioli,
	Michael Trimarchi, Dhaval Giani, Tommaso Cucinotta, linux-kernel,
	Fabio Checconi, Fabio Checconi

Enforce utilization constraints on the bandwidth assignments produced
by the runtime balancing code.  The underlying EDF scheduler requires,
in order to work reliably, that the utilization on each cpu does not
exceed 100%; this patch adds per-cpu utilization tracking and does not
allow the balancer to exceed the global RT bandwidth assignment on any
cpu.

Whenever the bandwidth assigments change (i.e., the user writes an
RT-scheduler cgroup attribute, or a task_group disappears, the bandwidth
assignment is reset to a symmetric assignment, and the balancing restarts
from a safe startpoint.  This requires iterating on all the rt_rq's in the
system (N_cpu * N_groups), and it is surely suboptimal, but it is
conceptually simple and safe.

Synchronization needs a couple of words: a per-rq flag disables runtime
balancing to/from single rq's; the flag relies on spinlock acquire
barriers to ensure that all the balancing operations starting after the
flag has been set see the its correct value.  To protect the per-rq
free bandwidth counter we use per-rq locks, that can nest like rq->lock;
reusing existing locks proved not to be easy, as the various
rt_runtime_locks act on a per-group or per-rt_rq basis.

Signed-off-by: Fabio Checconi <fabio@gandalf.sssup.it>
---
 kernel/sched.c    |   77 ++++++++++-----
 kernel/sched_rt.c |  280 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----
 2 files changed, 312 insertions(+), 45 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/sched.c b/kernel/sched.c
index fe013c6..4dddbc2 100644
--- a/kernel/sched.c
+++ b/kernel/sched.c
@@ -374,6 +374,11 @@ struct rt_rq {
 struct rt_edf_tree {
 	struct rb_root rb_root;
 	struct rb_node *rb_leftmost;
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
+	unsigned long rt_free_bw;
+	raw_spinlock_t rt_bw_lock;
+#endif
 };
 
 /* Root runqueue for rt tasks: */
@@ -458,6 +463,7 @@ struct rq {
 
 	struct cfs_rq cfs;
 	struct rt_root_rq rt;
+	int rt_balancing_disabled;
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED
 	/* list of leaf cfs_rq on this cpu: */
@@ -1754,6 +1760,25 @@ static void cfs_rq_set_shares(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, unsigned long shares)
 }
 #endif
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_RT_GROUP_SCHED
+static unsigned long to_ratio(u64 period, u64 runtime)
+{
+	if (runtime == RUNTIME_INF)
+		return 1UL << 20;
+
+	return div64_u64(runtime << 20, period);
+}
+#endif
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
+static inline unsigned long rt_init_free_bw(void)
+{
+	unsigned long used = to_ratio(global_rt_period(), global_rt_runtime());
+
+	return to_ratio(RUNTIME_INF, RUNTIME_INF) - used;
+}
+#endif
+
 static void calc_load_account_active(struct rq *this_rq);
 static void update_sysctl(void);
 static int get_update_sysctl_factor(void);
@@ -7563,6 +7588,9 @@ static void init_rt_root_rq(struct rt_root_rq *rt, struct rq *rq)
 	rt->rt_nr_migratory = 0;
 	rt->overloaded = 0;
 	plist_head_init_raw(&rt->pushable_tasks, &rq->lock);
+
+	rt->rt_edf_tree.rt_free_bw = rt_init_free_bw();
+	raw_spin_lock_init(&rt->rt_edf_tree.rt_bw_lock);
 #endif
 	rt->rt_edf_tree.rb_root = RB_ROOT;
 	init_rt_rq(&rt->rt_rq, rq, &def_rt_bandwidth);
@@ -8114,7 +8142,11 @@ static void free_sched_group(struct task_group *tg)
 	kfree(tg);
 }
 
-/* allocate runqueue etc for a new task group */
+/*
+ * Allocate runqueue etc for a new task group.  Note that new groups
+ * are created with zero runtime, so there is no need to update the
+ * free bandwidth counters.
+ */
 struct task_group *sched_create_group(struct task_group *parent)
 {
 	struct task_group *tg;
@@ -8159,6 +8191,8 @@ static void free_sched_group_rcu(struct rcu_head *rhp)
 	free_sched_group(container_of(rhp, struct task_group, rcu));
 }
 
+static DEFINE_MUTEX(rt_constraints_mutex);
+
 /* Destroy runqueue etc associated with a task group */
 void sched_destroy_group(struct task_group *tg)
 {
@@ -8174,6 +8208,10 @@ void sched_destroy_group(struct task_group *tg)
 	list_del_rcu(&tg->siblings);
 	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&task_group_lock, flags);
 
+	mutex_lock(&rt_constraints_mutex);
+	rt_reset_runtime();
+	mutex_unlock(&rt_constraints_mutex);
+
 	/* wait for possible concurrent references to cfs_rqs complete */
 	call_rcu(&tg->rcu, free_sched_group_rcu);
 }
@@ -8313,15 +8351,6 @@ unsigned long sched_group_shares(struct task_group *tg)
 /*
  * Ensure that the real time constraints are schedulable.
  */
-static DEFINE_MUTEX(rt_constraints_mutex);
-
-static unsigned long to_ratio(u64 period, u64 runtime)
-{
-	if (runtime == RUNTIME_INF)
-		return 1ULL << 20;
-
-	return div64_u64(runtime << 20, period);
-}
 
 /* Must be called with tasklist_lock held */
 static inline int tg_has_rt_tasks(struct task_group *tg)
@@ -8442,7 +8471,7 @@ static int __rt_schedulable(struct task_group *tg, u64 period,
 static int tg_set_bandwidth(struct task_group *tg, int task_data,
 		u64 rt_period, u64 rt_runtime)
 {
-	int i, err = 0;
+	int err = 0;
 
 	mutex_lock(&rt_constraints_mutex);
 	read_lock(&tasklist_lock);
@@ -8454,15 +8483,6 @@ static int tg_set_bandwidth(struct task_group *tg, int task_data,
 		raw_spin_lock_irq(&tg->rt_task_bandwidth.rt_runtime_lock);
 		tg->rt_task_bandwidth.rt_period = ns_to_ktime(rt_period);
 		tg->rt_task_bandwidth.rt_runtime = rt_runtime;
-
-		for_each_possible_cpu(i) {
-			struct rt_rq *rt_rq = tg->rt_rq[i];
-
-			raw_spin_lock(&rt_rq->rt_runtime_lock);
-			rt_rq->rt_runtime = rt_runtime;
-			rt_rq->rt_period = ns_to_ktime(rt_period);
-			raw_spin_unlock(&rt_rq->rt_runtime_lock);
-		}
 		raw_spin_unlock_irq(&tg->rt_task_bandwidth.rt_runtime_lock);
 	} else {
 		raw_spin_lock_irq(&tg->rt_bandwidth.rt_runtime_lock);
@@ -8473,6 +8493,8 @@ static int tg_set_bandwidth(struct task_group *tg, int task_data,
 
 unlock:
 	read_unlock(&tasklist_lock);
+	if (task_data)
+		rt_reset_runtime();
 	mutex_unlock(&rt_constraints_mutex);
 
 	return err;
@@ -8568,12 +8590,12 @@ int sched_rt_can_attach(struct task_group *tg, struct task_struct *tsk)
 	return 1;
 }
 
+static inline void sched_rt_update_bandwidth(void) {}
+
 #else /* !CONFIG_RT_GROUP_SCHED */
+
 static int sched_rt_global_constraints(void)
 {
-	unsigned long flags;
-	int i;
-
 	if (sysctl_sched_rt_period <= 0)
 		return -EINVAL;
 
@@ -8586,7 +8608,7 @@ static int sched_rt_global_constraints(void)
 
 	raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&def_rt_bandwidth.rt_runtime_lock, flags);
 	for_each_possible_cpu(i) {
-		struct rt_rq *rt_rq = &cpu_rq(i)->rt;
+		struct rt_rq *rt_rq = &cpu_rq(i)->rt.rt_rq;
 
 		raw_spin_lock(&rt_rq->rt_runtime_lock);
 		rt_rq->rt_runtime = global_rt_runtime();
@@ -8596,6 +8618,12 @@ static int sched_rt_global_constraints(void)
 
 	return 0;
 }
+
+static inline void sched_rt_update_bandwidth(void)
+{
+	rt_reset_runtime();
+}
+
 #endif /* CONFIG_RT_GROUP_SCHED */
 
 int sched_rt_handler(struct ctl_table *table, int write,
@@ -8621,6 +8649,7 @@ int sched_rt_handler(struct ctl_table *table, int write,
 			def_rt_bandwidth.rt_runtime = global_rt_runtime();
 			def_rt_bandwidth.rt_period =
 				ns_to_ktime(global_rt_period());
+			sched_rt_update_bandwidth();
 		}
 	}
 	mutex_unlock(&mutex);
diff --git a/kernel/sched_rt.c b/kernel/sched_rt.c
index 7b8af0b..27768bd 100644
--- a/kernel/sched_rt.c
+++ b/kernel/sched_rt.c
@@ -360,27 +360,218 @@ static inline int rt_time_before(u64 a, u64 b)
 }
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_SMP
+
 /*
- * We ran out of runtime, see if we can borrow some from our neighbours.
+ * Reset the balancing machinery, restarting from a safe runtime assignment
+ * on all the cpus/rt_rqs in the system.  There is room for improvements here,
+ * as this iterates through all the rt_rqs in the system; the main problem
+ * is that after the balancing has been running for some time we are not
+ * sure that the fragmentation of the free bandwidth it produced allows new
+ * groups to run where they need to run.  The caller has to make sure that
+ * only one instance of this function is running at any time.
  */
-static int do_balance_runtime(struct rt_rq *rt_rq)
+static void __rt_reset_runtime(void)
 {
-	struct rt_bandwidth *rt_b = sched_rt_bandwidth(rt_rq);
-	struct root_domain *rd = cpu_rq(smp_processor_id())->rd;
-	int i, weight, more = 0;
+	struct rq *rq;
+	struct rt_rq *rt_rq;
+	struct rt_bandwidth *rt_b;
+	unsigned long flags;
+	int i;
+
+	for_each_possible_cpu(i) {
+		rq = cpu_rq(i);
+
+		rq->rt_balancing_disabled = 1;
+		/*
+		 * Make sure that all the new calls to do_balance_runtime()
+		 * see the disable flag and do not migrate anything.  We will
+		 * implicitly wait for the old ones to terminate entering all
+		 * the rt_b->rt_runtime_lock, one by one.  Note that maybe
+		 * iterating over the task_groups first would be a good idea...
+		 */
+		smp_wmb();
+
+		for_each_leaf_rt_rq(rt_rq, rq) {
+			rt_b = sched_rt_bandwidth(rt_rq);
+
+			raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&rt_b->rt_runtime_lock, flags);
+			raw_spin_lock(&rt_rq->rt_runtime_lock);
+			rt_rq->rt_runtime = rt_b->rt_runtime;
+			rt_rq->rt_period = rt_b->rt_period;
+			rt_rq->rt_time = 0;
+			raw_spin_unlock(&rt_rq->rt_runtime_lock);
+			raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rt_b->rt_runtime_lock, flags);
+		}
+	}
+}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_RT_GROUP_SCHED
+
+static unsigned long rt_used_bandwidth(void)
+{
+	struct task_group *tg;
+	unsigned long used = 0;
 	u64 rt_period;
 
+	rcu_read_lock();
+	list_for_each_entry_rcu(tg, &task_groups, list) {
+		rt_period = ktime_to_ns(tg->rt_task_bandwidth.rt_period);
+		used += to_ratio(rt_period, tg->rt_task_bandwidth.rt_runtime);
+	}
+	rcu_read_unlock();
+
+	return used;
+}
+
+#else
+
+static unsigned long rt_used_bandwidth(void)
+{
+	return to_ratio(global_rt_period(), global_rt_runtime());
+}
+
+#endif
+
+static void __rt_restart_balancing(void)
+{
+	unsigned long used, global, free;
+	struct rq *rq;
+	int i;
+
+	used = rt_used_bandwidth();
+	global = to_ratio(RUNTIME_INF, RUNTIME_INF);
+
+	free = global - used;
+
+	for_each_possible_cpu(i) {
+		rq = cpu_rq(i);
+
+		/*
+		 * Lockless: balancing is disabled, and any previous
+		 * balancing operation is terminated.
+		 */
+		rq->rt.rt_edf_tree.rt_free_bw = free;
+
+		/*
+		 * Make sure that before restarting balancing everyone
+		 * sees the new free bandwidth.
+		 */
+		smp_wmb();
+
+		BUG_ON(!rq->rt_balancing_disabled);
+		rq->rt_balancing_disabled = 0;
+	}
+}
+
+static void rt_reset_runtime(void)
+{
+	__rt_reset_runtime();
+	__rt_restart_balancing();
+}
+
+static inline void double_spin_lock(raw_spinlock_t *lock1,
+				    raw_spinlock_t *lock2)
+	__acquires(lock1)
+	__acquires(lock2)
+{
+	if (lock1 < lock2) {
+		raw_spin_lock(lock1);
+		raw_spin_lock_nested(lock2, SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING);
+	} else {
+		raw_spin_lock(lock2);
+		raw_spin_lock_nested(lock1, SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING);
+	}
+}
+
+static inline void double_spin_unlock(raw_spinlock_t *lock1,
+				      raw_spinlock_t *lock2)
+	__releases(lock1)
+	__releases(lock2)
+{
+	raw_spin_unlock(lock1);
+	lock_set_subclass(&lock2->dep_map, 0, _RET_IP_);
+	raw_spin_unlock(lock2);
+}
+
+static u64 from_ratio(unsigned long ratio, u64 period)
+{
+	return (ratio * period) >> 20;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Try to move *diff units of runtime from src to dst, checking
+ * that the utilization does not exceed the global limits on the
+ * destination cpu.  Returns true if the migration succeeded, leaving
+ * in *diff the actual amount of runtime moved, false on failure, which
+ * means that no more bandwidth can be migrated to rt_rq.
+ */
+static int rt_move_bw(struct rt_rq *src, struct rt_rq *dst,
+		       s64 *diff, u64 rt_period)
+{
+	struct rq *rq = rq_of_rt_rq(dst), *src_rq = rq_of_rt_rq(src);
+	struct rt_edf_tree *dtree = &rq->rt.rt_edf_tree;
+	struct rt_edf_tree *stree = &src_rq->rt.rt_edf_tree;
+	unsigned long bw_to_move;
+	int ret = 0;
+
+	double_spin_lock(&dtree->rt_bw_lock, &stree->rt_bw_lock);
+
+	if (dtree->rt_free_bw) {
+		bw_to_move = to_ratio(rt_period, *diff);
+		if (bw_to_move > dtree->rt_free_bw) {
+			bw_to_move = dtree->rt_free_bw;
+			*diff = from_ratio(bw_to_move, rt_period);
+		}
+
+		stree->rt_free_bw -= bw_to_move;
+		dtree->rt_free_bw += bw_to_move;
+		ret = 1;
+	}
+
+	double_spin_unlock(&dtree->rt_bw_lock, &stree->rt_bw_lock);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Handle runtime rebalancing: try to push our bandwidth to
+ * runqueues that need it.
+ */
+static void do_balance_runtime(struct rt_rq *rt_rq)
+{
+	struct rq *rq = cpu_rq(smp_processor_id());
+	struct rt_bandwidth *rt_b = sched_rt_bandwidth(rt_rq);
+	struct root_domain *rd = rq->rd;
+	int i, weight, ret;
+	u64 rt_period, prev_runtime;
+	s64 diff;
+
 	weight = cpumask_weight(rd->span);
 
 	raw_spin_lock(&rt_b->rt_runtime_lock);
+	/*
+	 * The raw_spin_lock() acts as an acquire barrier, ensuring
+	 * that rt_balancing_disabled is accessed after taking the lock;
+	 * since rt_reset_runtime() takes rt_runtime_lock after
+	 * setting the disable flag we are sure that no bandwidth
+	 * is migrated while the reset is in progress.
+	 */
+	if (rq->rt_balancing_disabled)
+		goto out;
+
+	prev_runtime = rt_rq->rt_runtime;
 	rt_period = ktime_to_ns(rt_b->rt_period);
+
 	for_each_cpu(i, rd->span) {
 		struct rt_rq *iter = sched_rt_period_rt_rq(rt_b, i);
-		s64 diff;
+		struct rq *iter_rq = rq_of_rt_rq(iter);
 
 		if (iter == rt_rq)
 			continue;
 
+		if (iter_rq->rt_balancing_disabled)
+			continue;
+
 		raw_spin_lock(&iter->rt_runtime_lock);
 		/*
 		 * Either all rqs have inf runtime and there's nothing to steal
@@ -399,10 +590,14 @@ static int do_balance_runtime(struct rt_rq *rt_rq)
 			diff = div_u64((u64)diff, weight);
 			if (rt_rq->rt_runtime + diff > rt_period)
 				diff = rt_period - rt_rq->rt_runtime;
-			iter->rt_runtime -= diff;
-			rt_rq->rt_runtime += diff;
-			more = 1;
-			if (rt_rq->rt_runtime == rt_period) {
+
+			ret = rt_move_bw(iter, rt_rq, &diff, rt_period);
+			if (ret) {
+				iter->rt_runtime -= diff;
+				rt_rq->rt_runtime += diff;
+			}
+
+			if (!ret || rt_rq->rt_runtime == rt_period) {
 				raw_spin_unlock(&iter->rt_runtime_lock);
 				break;
 			}
@@ -410,9 +605,34 @@ static int do_balance_runtime(struct rt_rq *rt_rq)
 next:
 		raw_spin_unlock(&iter->rt_runtime_lock);
 	}
-	raw_spin_unlock(&rt_b->rt_runtime_lock);
 
-	return more;
+	/*
+	 * If the runqueue is not throttled, changing its runtime
+	 * without updating its deadline could create transients during
+	 * which the rt_rq uses more bandwidth than assigned.  Here vtime
+	 * is the time instant when an ideal server with prev_runtime /
+	 * rt_period utilization would have given the same amount of
+	 * service to rt_rq as it actually received.  At this time instant
+	 * it is true that rt_time = vtime * prev_runtime / rt_period,
+	 * (the service in the ideal server grows linearly at the nominal
+	 * rate allocated to rt_rq), so we can invert the relation to
+	 * find vtime and calculate the new deadline from there.  If the
+	 * vtime is in the past then rt_rq is lagging behind the ideal
+	 * system and we cannot risk an overload afterwards, so we just
+	 * restart from rq->clock.
+	 */
+	if (!rt_rq_throttled(rt_rq) && prev_runtime != rt_rq->rt_runtime) {
+		u64 vtime = rt_rq->rt_deadline - rt_period +
+			div64_u64(rt_rq->rt_time * rt_period, prev_runtime);
+
+		if (rt_time_before(vtime, rq->clock))
+			vtime = rq->clock;
+
+		rt_rq->rt_deadline = vtime + rt_period;
+		sched_rt_deadline_updated(rt_rq);
+	}
+out:
+	raw_spin_unlock(&rt_b->rt_runtime_lock);
 }
 
 /*
@@ -536,22 +756,35 @@ static void enable_runtime(struct rq *rq)
 	raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rq->lock, flags);
 }
 
-static int balance_runtime(struct rt_rq *rt_rq)
+static inline void balance_runtime(struct rt_rq *rt_rq)
 {
-	int more = 0;
-
 	if (rt_rq->rt_time > rt_rq->rt_runtime) {
 		raw_spin_unlock(&rt_rq->rt_runtime_lock);
-		more = do_balance_runtime(rt_rq);
+		do_balance_runtime(rt_rq);
 		raw_spin_lock(&rt_rq->rt_runtime_lock);
 	}
-
-	return more;
 }
+
 #else /* !CONFIG_SMP */
-static inline int balance_runtime(struct rt_rq *rt_rq)
+
+static void rt_reset_runtime(void)
 {
-	return 0;
+	struct rq *rq = this_rq();
+	struct rt_bandwidth *rt_b;
+	struct rt_rq *rt_rq;
+	unsigned long flags;
+
+	for_each_leaf_rt_rq(rt_rq, rq) {
+		rt_b = sched_rt_bandwidth(rt_rq);
+
+		raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&rt_b->rt_runtime_lock, flags);
+		raw_spin_lock(&rt_rq->rt_runtime_lock);
+		rt_rq->rt_runtime = rt_b->rt_runtime;
+		rt_rq->rt_period = rt_b->rt_period;
+		rt_rq->rt_time = 0;
+		raw_spin_unlock(&rt_rq->rt_runtime_lock);
+		raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rt_b->rt_runtime_lock, flags);
+	}
 }
 #endif /* CONFIG_SMP */
 
@@ -571,7 +804,12 @@ static int __do_sched_rt_period_timer(struct rt_rq *rt_rq, int overrun)
 	int idle = 1;
 	u64 runtime;
 
-	if (rt_rq->rt_time) {
+	/*
+	 * !rt_rq->rt_time && rt_rq->rt_throttled can happen if rt_rq
+	 * changed its parameters, we update them lazily here, to avoid
+	 * touching the timer from the configuration code.
+	 */
+	if (rt_rq->rt_time || rt_rq->rt_throttled) {
 		runtime = rt_rq->rt_runtime;
 		rt_rq->rt_time -= min(rt_rq->rt_time, overrun * runtime);
 		rt_rq->rt_deadline += overrun * ktime_to_ns(rt_rq->rt_period);
-- 
1.6.5.7



^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 26+ messages in thread

* [PATCH 3/3] sched: make runtime balancing code more EDF-friendly
  2010-02-23 18:56 [PATCH 0/3] sched: use EDF to throttle RT task groups v2 Fabio Checconi
  2010-02-23 18:56 ` [PATCH 1/3] sched: use EDF to schedule groups Fabio Checconi
  2010-02-23 18:56 ` [PATCH 2/3] sched: enforce per-cpu utilization limits on runtime balancing Fabio Checconi
@ 2010-02-23 18:56 ` Fabio Checconi
  2010-02-25 20:28   ` Peter Zijlstra
  2010-02-25 20:28 ` [PATCH 0/3] sched: use EDF to throttle RT task groups v2 Peter Zijlstra
  2010-02-27 12:33 ` Peter Zijlstra
  4 siblings, 1 reply; 26+ messages in thread
From: Fabio Checconi @ 2010-02-23 18:56 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Peter Zijlstra
  Cc: Ingo Molnar, Thomas Gleixner, Paul Turner, Dario Faggioli,
	Michael Trimarchi, Dhaval Giani, Tommaso Cucinotta, linux-kernel,
	Fabio Checconi, Fabio Checconi

The old runtime balancing code logic does not work too well when using
EDF to schedule runqueues.  One of the problems is that the old throttling
code had only one timer to handle budget replenishments; EDF needs per-cpu
timers, not in sync among themselves.

This patch changes balance_runtime() to work in push or pull mode: 1) when
an rt_rq needs extra runtime, it tries to borrow it from its siblings, and
2) when an rt_rq has some borroewed runtime, it tries to distribute it
among the rt_rq's needing it.  This change improves things a little bit,
making easier to redistribute bandwidth when the load on the various
rt_rq's changes; anyway this is far from being an optimal solution.
I think we need (intependently from this patchset) to make the balancing
logic cooperate with (or at least aware of) task push/pulls and define
more formally the objectives of the runtime migration policy.

Signed-off-by: Fabio Checconi <fabio@gandalf.sssup.it>
---
 kernel/sched_rt.c |  152 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------------
 1 files changed, 116 insertions(+), 36 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/sched_rt.c b/kernel/sched_rt.c
index 27768bd..fa0ad58 100644
--- a/kernel/sched_rt.c
+++ b/kernel/sched_rt.c
@@ -498,6 +498,20 @@ static u64 from_ratio(unsigned long ratio, u64 period)
 	return (ratio * period) >> 20;
 }
 
+static inline bool runtime_push_needed(struct rt_rq *src, struct rt_rq *dst)
+{
+	if (!rt_rq_throttled(dst))
+		return false;
+
+	if (!dst->rt_nr_running)
+		return false;
+
+	if (src->rt_runtime <= dst->rt_runtime)
+		return false;
+
+	return true;
+}
+
 /*
  * Try to move *diff units of runtime from src to dst, checking
  * that the utilization does not exceed the global limits on the
@@ -505,14 +519,14 @@ static u64 from_ratio(unsigned long ratio, u64 period)
  * in *diff the actual amount of runtime moved, false on failure, which
  * means that no more bandwidth can be migrated to rt_rq.
  */
-static int rt_move_bw(struct rt_rq *src, struct rt_rq *dst,
+static bool rt_move_bw(struct rt_rq *src, struct rt_rq *dst,
 		       s64 *diff, u64 rt_period)
 {
 	struct rq *rq = rq_of_rt_rq(dst), *src_rq = rq_of_rt_rq(src);
 	struct rt_edf_tree *dtree = &rq->rt.rt_edf_tree;
 	struct rt_edf_tree *stree = &src_rq->rt.rt_edf_tree;
 	unsigned long bw_to_move;
-	int ret = 0;
+	bool ret = false;
 
 	double_spin_lock(&dtree->rt_bw_lock, &stree->rt_bw_lock);
 
@@ -525,7 +539,7 @@ static int rt_move_bw(struct rt_rq *src, struct rt_rq *dst,
 
 		stree->rt_free_bw -= bw_to_move;
 		dtree->rt_free_bw += bw_to_move;
-		ret = 1;
+		ret = true;
 	}
 
 	double_spin_unlock(&dtree->rt_bw_lock, &stree->rt_bw_lock);
@@ -533,18 +547,85 @@ static int rt_move_bw(struct rt_rq *src, struct rt_rq *dst,
 	return ret;
 }
 
+static inline bool stop_runtime_balancing(bool pull, bool moved, s64 diff)
+{
+	if (pull && !moved) {
+		/* No more available bw on our cpu while pulling. */
+		return true;
+	}
+
+	if (!pull && diff < 0) {
+		/* No more bandwidth to give back while pushing. */
+		return true;
+	}
+
+	return false;
+}
+
 /*
- * Handle runtime rebalancing: try to push our bandwidth to
- * runqueues that need it.
+ * Try to move runtime between rt_rq and iter, in the direction specified
+ * by pull.  Return true if balancing should stop.
  */
-static void do_balance_runtime(struct rt_rq *rt_rq)
+static inline bool move_runtime(struct rt_rq *rt_rq, struct rt_rq *iter,
+			       int weight, u64 rt_period, bool pull)
+{
+	struct rt_bandwidth *rt_b = sched_rt_bandwidth(rt_rq);
+	struct rt_rq *src, *dst;
+	u64 leave;
+	s64 diff = 0;
+	bool moved = true;
+
+	if (pull) {
+		/*
+		 * From runqueues with spare time, take 1/n part of their
+		 * spare time, but no more than our period.  In case we are
+		 * stealing from an active rt_rq, make sure we steal only
+		 * from the runtime it borrowed, to avoid instability.
+		 */
+		if (iter->rt_nr_running)
+			leave = max(rt_b->rt_runtime, iter->rt_time);
+		else
+			leave = iter->rt_time;
+		diff = iter->rt_runtime - leave;
+		src = iter;
+		dst = rt_rq;
+	} else if (runtime_push_needed(rt_rq, iter)) {
+		/*
+		 * Try to give 1/n part of our borrowed runtime to the
+		 * runqueues needing it.
+		 */
+		diff = rt_rq->rt_runtime - rt_rq->rt_time - rt_b->rt_runtime;
+		src = rt_rq;
+		dst = iter;
+	}
+
+	if (diff > 0) {
+		diff = div_u64((u64)diff, weight);
+		if (dst->rt_runtime + diff > rt_period)
+			diff = rt_period - dst->rt_runtime;
+
+		moved = rt_move_bw(src, dst, &diff, rt_period);
+		if (moved) {
+			src->rt_runtime -= diff;
+			dst->rt_runtime += diff;
+		}
+	}
+
+	return stop_runtime_balancing(pull, moved, diff);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Handle runtime rebalancing: either try to push our bandwidth to
+ * runqueues that need it, or pull from those that can lend some.
+ */
+static void do_balance_runtime(struct rt_rq *rt_rq, bool pull)
 {
 	struct rq *rq = cpu_rq(smp_processor_id());
 	struct rt_bandwidth *rt_b = sched_rt_bandwidth(rt_rq);
 	struct root_domain *rd = rq->rd;
-	int i, weight, ret;
+	int i, weight;
 	u64 rt_period, prev_runtime;
-	s64 diff;
+	bool stop;
 
 	weight = cpumask_weight(rd->span);
 
@@ -581,26 +662,10 @@ static void do_balance_runtime(struct rt_rq *rt_rq)
 		if (iter->rt_runtime == RUNTIME_INF)
 			goto next;
 
-		/*
-		 * From runqueues with spare time, take 1/n part of their
-		 * spare time, but no more than our period.
-		 */
-		diff = iter->rt_runtime - iter->rt_time;
-		if (diff > 0) {
-			diff = div_u64((u64)diff, weight);
-			if (rt_rq->rt_runtime + diff > rt_period)
-				diff = rt_period - rt_rq->rt_runtime;
-
-			ret = rt_move_bw(iter, rt_rq, &diff, rt_period);
-			if (ret) {
-				iter->rt_runtime -= diff;
-				rt_rq->rt_runtime += diff;
-			}
-
-			if (!ret || rt_rq->rt_runtime == rt_period) {
-				raw_spin_unlock(&iter->rt_runtime_lock);
-				break;
-			}
+		stop = move_runtime(rt_rq, iter, weight, rt_period, pull);
+		if (stop) {
+			raw_spin_unlock(&iter->rt_runtime_lock);
+			break;
 		}
 next:
 		raw_spin_unlock(&iter->rt_runtime_lock);
@@ -756,16 +821,27 @@ static void enable_runtime(struct rq *rq)
 	raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rq->lock, flags);
 }
 
-static inline void balance_runtime(struct rt_rq *rt_rq)
+static inline void balance_runtime(struct rt_rq *rt_rq, int pull)
 {
-	if (rt_rq->rt_time > rt_rq->rt_runtime) {
-		raw_spin_unlock(&rt_rq->rt_runtime_lock);
-		do_balance_runtime(rt_rq);
-		raw_spin_lock(&rt_rq->rt_runtime_lock);
-	}
+	raw_spin_unlock(&rt_rq->rt_runtime_lock);
+	do_balance_runtime(rt_rq, pull);
+	raw_spin_lock(&rt_rq->rt_runtime_lock);
 }
 
+static void pull_runtime(struct rt_rq *rt_rq)
+{
+	if (rt_rq->rt_time > rt_rq->rt_runtime)
+		balance_runtime(rt_rq, true);
+}
+
+static void push_runtime(struct rt_rq *rt_rq)
+{
+	if (rt_rq->rt_time < rt_rq->rt_runtime)
+		balance_runtime(rt_rq, false);
+}
 #else /* !CONFIG_SMP */
+static inline void pull_runtime(struct rt_rq *rt_rq) {}
+static inline void push_runtime(struct rt_rq *rt_rq) {}
 
 static void rt_reset_runtime(void)
 {
@@ -828,6 +904,9 @@ static int __do_sched_rt_period_timer(struct rt_rq *rt_rq, int overrun)
 	} else if (rt_rq->rt_nr_running)
 		idle = 0;
 
+	/* Try to give back what we borrowed from rt_rq's in need. */
+	push_runtime(rt_rq);
+
 	return idle && !rt_rq_needs_recharge(rt_rq);
 }
 
@@ -843,7 +922,7 @@ static int do_sched_rt_period_timer(struct rt_rq *rt_rq, int overrun)
 	raw_spin_lock(&rt_rq->rt_runtime_lock);
 
 	if (rt_rq->rt_throttled)
-		balance_runtime(rt_rq);
+		pull_runtime(rt_rq);
 
 	idle = __do_sched_rt_period_timer(rt_rq, overrun);
 
@@ -919,7 +998,7 @@ static int sched_rt_runtime_exceeded(struct rt_rq *rt_rq)
 	if (sched_rt_runtime(rt_rq) >= sched_rt_period(rt_rq))
 		return 0;
 
-	balance_runtime(rt_rq);
+	pull_runtime(rt_rq);
 	runtime = sched_rt_runtime(rt_rq);
 	if (runtime == RUNTIME_INF)
 		return 0;
@@ -1261,6 +1340,7 @@ update:
 			rt_rq->rt_deadline += period;
 			rt_rq->rt_time -= runtime;
 		}
+		push_runtime(rt_rq);
 	}
 	raw_spin_unlock(&rt_rq->rt_runtime_lock);
 }
-- 
1.6.5.7


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 26+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 0/3] sched: use EDF to throttle RT task groups v2
  2010-02-23 18:56 [PATCH 0/3] sched: use EDF to throttle RT task groups v2 Fabio Checconi
                   ` (2 preceding siblings ...)
  2010-02-23 18:56 ` [PATCH 3/3] sched: make runtime balancing code more EDF-friendly Fabio Checconi
@ 2010-02-25 20:28 ` Peter Zijlstra
  2010-02-27 12:33 ` Peter Zijlstra
  4 siblings, 0 replies; 26+ messages in thread
From: Peter Zijlstra @ 2010-02-25 20:28 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Fabio Checconi
  Cc: Ingo Molnar, Thomas Gleixner, Paul Turner, Dario Faggioli,
	Michael Trimarchi, Dhaval Giani, Tommaso Cucinotta, linux-kernel

On Tue, 2010-02-23 at 19:56 +0100, Fabio Checconi wrote:
> This patchset introduces a group level EDF scheduler extending the
> throttling mechanism, in order to make it support generic period
> assignments.  With this patch, the runtime and period parameters
> can be used to specify arbitrary CPU reservations for RT tasks.
> 
> From the previous post [1] I've integrated Peter's suggestions, using
> a multi-level hierarchy to do admission control, but a one-level only
> equivalent hierarchy for scheduling, and I've not removed the bandwidth
> migration mechanism, trying to adapt it to EDF scheduling.  In this
> version tasks are still inserted into priority arrays and only groups
> are kept in a per-rq edf tree.
> 
> The main design issues involved:
> 
>   - Since it is not easy to mix tasks and groups on the same scheduler
>     queue (tasks have no deadlines), the bandwidth reserved to the tasks
>     in a group is controlled with two additional cgroup attributes:
>     rt_task_runtime_us and rt_task_period_us.  These attributes control,
>     within a cgroup, how much bandwidth is reserved to the tasks it
>     contains.  The old attributes, rt_runtime_us and rt_period_us, are
>     still there, and control the bandwidth assigned to the cgroup.  They
>     are used only for admission control.
> 
>   - Shared resources are still handled using boosting.  When a group
>     contains a task inside a critical section it is scheduled according
>     the highest priority among the ones of the tasks it contains.
>     In this way, the same group has two modes: when it is not boosted
>     it is scheduled according to its deadline; when it is boosted, it
>     is scheduled according its priority.  Boosted groups are always
>     favored over non-boosted ones.
> 
>   - Given that the various rt_rq's belonging to the same task group
>     are activated independently, there is the need of a timer per
>     each rt_rq.
> 
>   - While balancing the bandwidth assigned to a cgroup on various cpus
>     we have to make sure that utilization for the rt_rq's on each cpu
>     does not exceed the global utilization limit for RT tasks.  
> 

> As usual, feedback welcome.

Looks very nice, good work! comments in individual replies.


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 26+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 1/3] sched: use EDF to schedule groups
  2010-02-23 18:56 ` [PATCH 1/3] sched: use EDF to schedule groups Fabio Checconi
@ 2010-02-25 20:28   ` Peter Zijlstra
  2010-03-03 16:59     ` Fabio Checconi
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 26+ messages in thread
From: Peter Zijlstra @ 2010-02-25 20:28 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Fabio Checconi
  Cc: Ingo Molnar, Thomas Gleixner, Paul Turner, Dario Faggioli,
	Michael Trimarchi, Dhaval Giani, Tommaso Cucinotta, linux-kernel,
	Fabio Checconi

On Tue, 2010-02-23 at 19:56 +0100, Fabio Checconi wrote:
> @@ -36,7 +29,8 @@ static inline struct task_struct *rt_task_of(struct sched_rt_entity *rt_se)
>  
>  static inline struct rq *rq_of_rt_rq(struct rt_rq *rt_rq)
>  {
> -       return container_of(rt_rq, struct rq, rt);
> +       struct rt_root_rq *rt = container_of(rt_rq, struct rt_root_rq, rt_rq);
> +       return container_of(rt, struct rq, rt);
>  } 

I think you can write that double container_of() as a single:

 return container_of(rt_rq, struct rq, rt.rt_rq);




^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 26+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 2/3] sched: enforce per-cpu utilization limits on runtime balancing
  2010-02-23 18:56 ` [PATCH 2/3] sched: enforce per-cpu utilization limits on runtime balancing Fabio Checconi
@ 2010-02-25 20:28   ` Peter Zijlstra
  2010-03-03 16:59     ` Fabio Checconi
  2010-02-25 20:28   ` Peter Zijlstra
                     ` (3 subsequent siblings)
  4 siblings, 1 reply; 26+ messages in thread
From: Peter Zijlstra @ 2010-02-25 20:28 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Fabio Checconi
  Cc: Ingo Molnar, Thomas Gleixner, Paul Turner, Dario Faggioli,
	Michael Trimarchi, Dhaval Giani, Tommaso Cucinotta, linux-kernel,
	Fabio Checconi

On Tue, 2010-02-23 at 19:56 +0100, Fabio Checconi wrote:
> +               /*
> +                * Make sure that before restarting balancing everyone
> +                * sees the new free bandwidth.
> +                */
> +               smp_wmb(); 

You cannot order something on its own, barriers come in pairs, where is
his?


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 26+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 2/3] sched: enforce per-cpu utilization limits on runtime balancing
  2010-02-23 18:56 ` [PATCH 2/3] sched: enforce per-cpu utilization limits on runtime balancing Fabio Checconi
  2010-02-25 20:28   ` Peter Zijlstra
@ 2010-02-25 20:28   ` Peter Zijlstra
  2010-03-03 17:00     ` Fabio Checconi
  2010-02-25 20:28   ` Peter Zijlstra
                     ` (2 subsequent siblings)
  4 siblings, 1 reply; 26+ messages in thread
From: Peter Zijlstra @ 2010-02-25 20:28 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Fabio Checconi
  Cc: Ingo Molnar, Thomas Gleixner, Paul Turner, Dario Faggioli,
	Michael Trimarchi, Dhaval Giani, Tommaso Cucinotta, linux-kernel,
	Fabio Checconi

On Tue, 2010-02-23 at 19:56 +0100, Fabio Checconi wrote:
> +#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
> +static inline unsigned long rt_init_free_bw(void)
> +{
> +       unsigned long used = to_ratio(global_rt_period(), global_rt_runtime());
> +
> +       return to_ratio(RUNTIME_INF, RUNTIME_INF) - used;
> +}
> +#endif

> +static void __rt_restart_balancing(void)
> +{
> +       unsigned long used, global, free;
> +       struct rq *rq;
> +       int i;
> +
> +       used = rt_used_bandwidth();
> +       global = to_ratio(RUNTIME_INF, RUNTIME_INF);
> +
> +       free = global - used;


We take the max as RUNTIME_INF instead of global_rt_* so that we can
move runtime around and fully saturate a single cpu (given there is
enough free to compensate on other cpus) ?


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 26+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 2/3] sched: enforce per-cpu utilization limits on runtime balancing
  2010-02-23 18:56 ` [PATCH 2/3] sched: enforce per-cpu utilization limits on runtime balancing Fabio Checconi
  2010-02-25 20:28   ` Peter Zijlstra
  2010-02-25 20:28   ` Peter Zijlstra
@ 2010-02-25 20:28   ` Peter Zijlstra
  2010-03-03 16:59     ` Fabio Checconi
  2010-02-25 20:28   ` Peter Zijlstra
  2010-02-25 20:28   ` Peter Zijlstra
  4 siblings, 1 reply; 26+ messages in thread
From: Peter Zijlstra @ 2010-02-25 20:28 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Fabio Checconi
  Cc: Ingo Molnar, Thomas Gleixner, Paul Turner, Dario Faggioli,
	Michael Trimarchi, Dhaval Giani, Tommaso Cucinotta, linux-kernel,
	Fabio Checconi

On Tue, 2010-02-23 at 19:56 +0100, Fabio Checconi wrote:
> +static inline void double_spin_lock(raw_spinlock_t *lock1,
> +                                   raw_spinlock_t *lock2)
> +       __acquires(lock1)
> +       __acquires(lock2)
> +{
> +       if (lock1 < lock2) {
> +               raw_spin_lock(lock1);
> +               raw_spin_lock_nested(lock2, SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING);
> +       } else {
> +               raw_spin_lock(lock2);
> +               raw_spin_lock_nested(lock1, SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING);
> +       }
> +}
> +
> +static inline void double_spin_unlock(raw_spinlock_t *lock1,
> +                                     raw_spinlock_t *lock2)
> +       __releases(lock1)
> +       __releases(lock2)
> +{
> +       raw_spin_unlock(lock1);
> +       lock_set_subclass(&lock2->dep_map, 0, _RET_IP_);
> +       raw_spin_unlock(lock2);
> +} 

If you release both there is no need to re-set the subclass.


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 26+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 2/3] sched: enforce per-cpu utilization limits on runtime balancing
  2010-02-23 18:56 ` [PATCH 2/3] sched: enforce per-cpu utilization limits on runtime balancing Fabio Checconi
                     ` (2 preceding siblings ...)
  2010-02-25 20:28   ` Peter Zijlstra
@ 2010-02-25 20:28   ` Peter Zijlstra
  2010-03-03 17:00     ` Fabio Checconi
  2010-02-25 20:28   ` Peter Zijlstra
  4 siblings, 1 reply; 26+ messages in thread
From: Peter Zijlstra @ 2010-02-25 20:28 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Fabio Checconi
  Cc: Ingo Molnar, Thomas Gleixner, Paul Turner, Dario Faggioli,
	Michael Trimarchi, Dhaval Giani, Tommaso Cucinotta, linux-kernel,
	Fabio Checconi

On Tue, 2010-02-23 at 19:56 +0100, Fabio Checconi wrote:
> +static u64 from_ratio(unsigned long ratio, u64 period)
> +{
> +       return (ratio * period) >> 20;
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * Try to move *diff units of runtime from src to dst, checking
> + * that the utilization does not exceed the global limits on the
> + * destination cpu.  Returns true if the migration succeeded, leaving
> + * in *diff the actual amount of runtime moved, false on failure, which
> + * means that no more bandwidth can be migrated to rt_rq.
> + */
> +static int rt_move_bw(struct rt_rq *src, struct rt_rq *dst,
> +                      s64 *diff, u64 rt_period)
> +{
> +       struct rq *rq = rq_of_rt_rq(dst), *src_rq = rq_of_rt_rq(src);
> +       struct rt_edf_tree *dtree = &rq->rt.rt_edf_tree;
> +       struct rt_edf_tree *stree = &src_rq->rt.rt_edf_tree;
> +       unsigned long bw_to_move;
> +       int ret = 0;
> +
> +       double_spin_lock(&dtree->rt_bw_lock, &stree->rt_bw_lock);
> +
> +       if (dtree->rt_free_bw) {
> +               bw_to_move = to_ratio(rt_period, *diff);
> +               if (bw_to_move > dtree->rt_free_bw) {
> +                       bw_to_move = dtree->rt_free_bw;
> +                       *diff = from_ratio(bw_to_move, rt_period);
> +               }
> +
> +               stree->rt_free_bw -= bw_to_move;
> +               dtree->rt_free_bw += bw_to_move;
> +               ret = 1;
> +       }
> +
> +       double_spin_unlock(&dtree->rt_bw_lock, &stree->rt_bw_lock);
> +
> +       return ret;
> +} 

The from_ratio() stuff smells like numerical instability for
->rt_free_bw, I can't see anything that would, given sufficient balance
cycles keep the sum of rt_free_bw over the cpus equal to what it started
out with.


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 26+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 3/3] sched: make runtime balancing code more EDF-friendly
  2010-02-23 18:56 ` [PATCH 3/3] sched: make runtime balancing code more EDF-friendly Fabio Checconi
@ 2010-02-25 20:28   ` Peter Zijlstra
  2010-03-03 17:01     ` Fabio Checconi
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 26+ messages in thread
From: Peter Zijlstra @ 2010-02-25 20:28 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Fabio Checconi
  Cc: Ingo Molnar, Thomas Gleixner, Paul Turner, Dario Faggioli,
	Michael Trimarchi, Dhaval Giani, Tommaso Cucinotta, linux-kernel,
	Fabio Checconi

On Tue, 2010-02-23 at 19:56 +0100, Fabio Checconi wrote:
> +               stop = move_runtime(rt_rq, iter, weight, rt_period,
> pull);
> +               if (stop) {
> +                       raw_spin_unlock(&iter->rt_runtime_lock);
> +                       break;
>                 }
>  next:
>                 raw_spin_unlock(&iter->rt_runtime_lock); 

might as well put that:

  if (stop)
    break;

right after the raw_spin_unlock() that's already there.


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 26+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 2/3] sched: enforce per-cpu utilization limits on runtime balancing
  2010-02-23 18:56 ` [PATCH 2/3] sched: enforce per-cpu utilization limits on runtime balancing Fabio Checconi
                     ` (3 preceding siblings ...)
  2010-02-25 20:28   ` Peter Zijlstra
@ 2010-02-25 20:28   ` Peter Zijlstra
  2010-03-03 17:00     ` Fabio Checconi
  4 siblings, 1 reply; 26+ messages in thread
From: Peter Zijlstra @ 2010-02-25 20:28 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Fabio Checconi
  Cc: Ingo Molnar, Thomas Gleixner, Paul Turner, Dario Faggioli,
	Michael Trimarchi, Dhaval Giani, Tommaso Cucinotta, linux-kernel,
	Fabio Checconi

On Tue, 2010-02-23 at 19:56 +0100, Fabio Checconi wrote:

>  /*
> + * Reset the balancing machinery, restarting from a safe runtime assignment
> + * on all the cpus/rt_rqs in the system.  There is room for improvements here,
> + * as this iterates through all the rt_rqs in the system; the main problem
> + * is that after the balancing has been running for some time we are not
> + * sure that the fragmentation of the free bandwidth it produced allows new
> + * groups to run where they need to run.  The caller has to make sure that
> + * only one instance of this function is running at any time.
>   */
> +static void __rt_reset_runtime(void)
>  {
> +       struct rq *rq;
> +       struct rt_rq *rt_rq;
> +       struct rt_bandwidth *rt_b;
> +       unsigned long flags;
> +       int i;
> +
> +       for_each_possible_cpu(i) {
> +               rq = cpu_rq(i);
> +
> +               rq->rt_balancing_disabled = 1;
> +               /*
> +                * Make sure that all the new calls to do_balance_runtime()
> +                * see the disable flag and do not migrate anything.  We will
> +                * implicitly wait for the old ones to terminate entering all
> +                * the rt_b->rt_runtime_lock, one by one.  Note that maybe
> +                * iterating over the task_groups first would be a good idea...
> +                */
> +               smp_wmb();
> +
> +               for_each_leaf_rt_rq(rt_rq, rq) {
> +                       rt_b = sched_rt_bandwidth(rt_rq);
> +
> +                       raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&rt_b->rt_runtime_lock, flags);
> +                       raw_spin_lock(&rt_rq->rt_runtime_lock);
> +                       rt_rq->rt_runtime = rt_b->rt_runtime;
> +                       rt_rq->rt_period = rt_b->rt_period;
> +                       rt_rq->rt_time = 0;
> +                       raw_spin_unlock(&rt_rq->rt_runtime_lock);
> +                       raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rt_b->rt_runtime_lock, flags);
> +               }
> +       }
> +}


> +/*
> + * Handle runtime rebalancing: try to push our bandwidth to
> + * runqueues that need it.
> + */
> +static void do_balance_runtime(struct rt_rq *rt_rq)
> +{
> +       struct rq *rq = cpu_rq(smp_processor_id());
> +       struct rt_bandwidth *rt_b = sched_rt_bandwidth(rt_rq);
> +       struct root_domain *rd = rq->rd;
> +       int i, weight, ret;
> +       u64 rt_period, prev_runtime;
> +       s64 diff;
> +
>         weight = cpumask_weight(rd->span);
>  
>         raw_spin_lock(&rt_b->rt_runtime_lock);
> +       /*
> +        * The raw_spin_lock() acts as an acquire barrier, ensuring
> +        * that rt_balancing_disabled is accessed after taking the lock;
> +        * since rt_reset_runtime() takes rt_runtime_lock after
> +        * setting the disable flag we are sure that no bandwidth
> +        * is migrated while the reset is in progress.
> +        */

Note that LOCK != {RMB,MB}, what you can do is order the WMB with the
UNLOCK+LOCK (== MB).

I'm thinking the WMB above is superfluous, either we are already in
do_balance() and __rt_reset_runtime() will wait for us, or
__rt_reset_runtime() will have done a LOCK+UNLOCK between setting
->rt_balancing_disabled here and we'll have done a LOCK before the read.

So we always have at least store+UNLOCK+LOCK+load, which can never be
reordered.

IOW, look at it as if the store leaks into the rt_b->rt_runtime_lock
section, in that case that lock properly serializes the store and these
loads.

> +       if (rq->rt_balancing_disabled)
> +               goto out;

( maybe call that label unlock )

> +
> +       prev_runtime = rt_rq->rt_runtime;
>         rt_period = ktime_to_ns(rt_b->rt_period);
> +
>         for_each_cpu(i, rd->span) {
>                 struct rt_rq *iter = sched_rt_period_rt_rq(rt_b, i);
> +               struct rq *iter_rq = rq_of_rt_rq(iter);
>  
>                 if (iter == rt_rq)
>                         continue;

Idem to the above ordering.

> +               if (iter_rq->rt_balancing_disabled)
> +                       continue;
> +
>                 raw_spin_lock(&iter->rt_runtime_lock);
>                 /*
>                  * Either all rqs have inf runtime and there's nothing to steal 




^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 26+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 0/3] sched: use EDF to throttle RT task groups v2
  2010-02-23 18:56 [PATCH 0/3] sched: use EDF to throttle RT task groups v2 Fabio Checconi
                   ` (3 preceding siblings ...)
  2010-02-25 20:28 ` [PATCH 0/3] sched: use EDF to throttle RT task groups v2 Peter Zijlstra
@ 2010-02-27 12:33 ` Peter Zijlstra
  2010-03-03 17:01   ` Fabio Checconi
  4 siblings, 1 reply; 26+ messages in thread
From: Peter Zijlstra @ 2010-02-27 12:33 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Fabio Checconi
  Cc: Ingo Molnar, Thomas Gleixner, Paul Turner, Dario Faggioli,
	Michael Trimarchi, Dhaval Giani, Tommaso Cucinotta, linux-kernel

On Tue, 2010-02-23 at 19:56 +0100, Fabio Checconi wrote:
>   - Since it is not easy to mix tasks and groups on the same scheduler
>     queue (tasks have no deadlines), the bandwidth reserved to the tasks
>     in a group is controlled with two additional cgroup attributes:
>     rt_task_runtime_us and rt_task_period_us.  These attributes control,
>     within a cgroup, how much bandwidth is reserved to the tasks it
>     contains.  The old attributes, rt_runtime_us and rt_period_us, are
>     still there, and control the bandwidth assigned to the cgroup.  They
>     are used only for admission control. 

We could do this implicitly by simply setting the task_bandwidth to the
cgroup bandwidth - \Sum_children bandwidth.

Having it explicit gives the administrator slightly more control at the
cost of a more complex interface.

Just wondering if you thought about this trade-off?


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 26+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 1/3] sched: use EDF to schedule groups
  2010-02-25 20:28   ` Peter Zijlstra
@ 2010-03-03 16:59     ` Fabio Checconi
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 26+ messages in thread
From: Fabio Checconi @ 2010-03-03 16:59 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Peter Zijlstra
  Cc: Ingo Molnar, Thomas Gleixner, Paul Turner, Dario Faggioli,
	Michael Trimarchi, Dhaval Giani, Tommaso Cucinotta, linux-kernel

> From: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
> Date: Thu, Feb 25, 2010 09:28:20PM +0100
>
> On Tue, 2010-02-23 at 19:56 +0100, Fabio Checconi wrote:
> > @@ -36,7 +29,8 @@ static inline struct task_struct *rt_task_of(struct sched_rt_entity *rt_se)
> >  
> >  static inline struct rq *rq_of_rt_rq(struct rt_rq *rt_rq)
> >  {
> > -       return container_of(rt_rq, struct rq, rt);
> > +       struct rt_root_rq *rt = container_of(rt_rq, struct rt_root_rq, rt_rq);
> > +       return container_of(rt, struct rq, rt);
> >  } 
> 
> I think you can write that double container_of() as a single:
> 
>  return container_of(rt_rq, struct rq, rt.rt_rq);
> 

I'll fix it, thanks.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 26+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 2/3] sched: enforce per-cpu utilization limits on runtime balancing
  2010-02-25 20:28   ` Peter Zijlstra
@ 2010-03-03 16:59     ` Fabio Checconi
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 26+ messages in thread
From: Fabio Checconi @ 2010-03-03 16:59 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Peter Zijlstra
  Cc: Ingo Molnar, Thomas Gleixner, Paul Turner, Dario Faggioli,
	Michael Trimarchi, Dhaval Giani, Tommaso Cucinotta, linux-kernel

> From: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
> Date: Thu, Feb 25, 2010 09:28:22PM +0100
>
> On Tue, 2010-02-23 at 19:56 +0100, Fabio Checconi wrote:
> > +               /*
> > +                * Make sure that before restarting balancing everyone
> > +                * sees the new free bandwidth.
> > +                */
> > +               smp_wmb(); 
> 
> You cannot order something on its own, barriers come in pairs, where is
> his?

It was coupled with the acquire barrier implied by the spin_lock(rt_b)
in the balance path, as the other wmb() before starting the reset (more
details on the reply about this last barrier, as per your comment they
can be removed).

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 26+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 2/3] sched: enforce per-cpu utilization limits on runtime balancing
  2010-02-25 20:28   ` Peter Zijlstra
@ 2010-03-03 16:59     ` Fabio Checconi
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 26+ messages in thread
From: Fabio Checconi @ 2010-03-03 16:59 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Peter Zijlstra
  Cc: Ingo Molnar, Thomas Gleixner, Paul Turner, Dario Faggioli,
	Michael Trimarchi, Dhaval Giani, Tommaso Cucinotta, linux-kernel

> From: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
> Date: Thu, Feb 25, 2010 09:28:24PM +0100
>
> On Tue, 2010-02-23 at 19:56 +0100, Fabio Checconi wrote:
> > +static inline void double_spin_lock(raw_spinlock_t *lock1,
> > +                                   raw_spinlock_t *lock2)
> > +       __acquires(lock1)
> > +       __acquires(lock2)
> > +{
> > +       if (lock1 < lock2) {
> > +               raw_spin_lock(lock1);
> > +               raw_spin_lock_nested(lock2, SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING);
> > +       } else {
> > +               raw_spin_lock(lock2);
> > +               raw_spin_lock_nested(lock1, SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING);
> > +       }
> > +}
> > +
> > +static inline void double_spin_unlock(raw_spinlock_t *lock1,
> > +                                     raw_spinlock_t *lock2)
> > +       __releases(lock1)
> > +       __releases(lock2)
> > +{
> > +       raw_spin_unlock(lock1);
> > +       lock_set_subclass(&lock2->dep_map, 0, _RET_IP_);
> > +       raw_spin_unlock(lock2);
> > +} 
> 
> If you release both there is no need to re-set the subclass.

Will fix, thanks.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 26+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 2/3] sched: enforce per-cpu utilization limits on runtime balancing
  2010-02-25 20:28   ` Peter Zijlstra
@ 2010-03-03 17:00     ` Fabio Checconi
  2010-03-23 20:33       ` Peter Zijlstra
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 26+ messages in thread
From: Fabio Checconi @ 2010-03-03 17:00 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Peter Zijlstra
  Cc: Ingo Molnar, Thomas Gleixner, Paul Turner, Dario Faggioli,
	Michael Trimarchi, Dhaval Giani, Tommaso Cucinotta, linux-kernel

> From: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
> Date: Thu, Feb 25, 2010 09:28:25PM +0100
>
> On Tue, 2010-02-23 at 19:56 +0100, Fabio Checconi wrote:
> > +static u64 from_ratio(unsigned long ratio, u64 period)
> > +{
> > +       return (ratio * period) >> 20;
> > +}
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * Try to move *diff units of runtime from src to dst, checking
> > + * that the utilization does not exceed the global limits on the
> > + * destination cpu.  Returns true if the migration succeeded, leaving
> > + * in *diff the actual amount of runtime moved, false on failure, which
> > + * means that no more bandwidth can be migrated to rt_rq.
> > + */
> > +static int rt_move_bw(struct rt_rq *src, struct rt_rq *dst,
> > +                      s64 *diff, u64 rt_period)
> > +{
> > +       struct rq *rq = rq_of_rt_rq(dst), *src_rq = rq_of_rt_rq(src);
> > +       struct rt_edf_tree *dtree = &rq->rt.rt_edf_tree;
> > +       struct rt_edf_tree *stree = &src_rq->rt.rt_edf_tree;
> > +       unsigned long bw_to_move;
> > +       int ret = 0;
> > +
> > +       double_spin_lock(&dtree->rt_bw_lock, &stree->rt_bw_lock);
> > +
> > +       if (dtree->rt_free_bw) {
> > +               bw_to_move = to_ratio(rt_period, *diff);
> > +               if (bw_to_move > dtree->rt_free_bw) {
> > +                       bw_to_move = dtree->rt_free_bw;
> > +                       *diff = from_ratio(bw_to_move, rt_period);
> > +               }
> > +
> > +               stree->rt_free_bw -= bw_to_move;
> > +               dtree->rt_free_bw += bw_to_move;
> > +               ret = 1;
> > +       }
> > +
> > +       double_spin_unlock(&dtree->rt_bw_lock, &stree->rt_bw_lock);
> > +
> > +       return ret;
> > +} 
> 
> The from_ratio() stuff smells like numerical instability for
> ->rt_free_bw, I can't see anything that would, given sufficient balance
> cycles keep the sum of rt_free_bw over the cpus equal to what it started
> out with.

You're right...  What would you think about the following solution?
It just keep tracks of the bw accounted for every rt_rq when it is
updated, and that should be enough to avoid accumulating the errors.

static inline void rt_update_bw(struct rt_rq *rt_rq, struct rt_edf_tree *tree,
                                s64 diff, u64 rt_period)
{       
	unsigned long bw;

	rt_rq->rt_runtime += diff;
	bw = to_ratio(rt_period, rt_rq->rt_runtime);
	tree->rt_free_bw += bw - rt_rq->rt_bw;
	rt_rq->rt_bw = bw;
}
 
static bool rt_move_bw(struct rt_rq *src, struct rt_rq *dst,
		       s64 *diff, u64 rt_period)
{
	struct rq *rq = rq_of_rt_rq(dst), *src_rq = rq_of_rt_rq(src);
	struct rt_edf_tree *dtree = &rq->rt.rt_edf_tree;
	struct rt_edf_tree *stree = &src_rq->rt.rt_edf_tree;
	unsigned long bw_to_move;
	bool ret = false;

	double_spin_lock(&dtree->rt_bw_lock, &stree->rt_bw_lock);

	if (dtree->rt_free_bw) {
		bw_to_move = to_ratio(rt_period, *diff);
		if (bw_to_move > dtree->rt_free_bw)
			*diff = from_ratio(dtree->rt_free_bw, rt_period);

		if (*diff) {
			rt_update_bw(src, stree, -(*diff), rt_period);
			rt_update_bw(dst, dtree, *diff, rt_period);

			ret = true;
		}
	}

	double_spin_unlock(&dtree->rt_bw_lock, &stree->rt_bw_lock);

	return ret;
}

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 26+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 2/3] sched: enforce per-cpu utilization limits on runtime balancing
  2010-02-25 20:28   ` Peter Zijlstra
@ 2010-03-03 17:00     ` Fabio Checconi
  2010-03-23 20:32       ` Peter Zijlstra
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 26+ messages in thread
From: Fabio Checconi @ 2010-03-03 17:00 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Peter Zijlstra
  Cc: Ingo Molnar, Thomas Gleixner, Paul Turner, Dario Faggioli,
	Michael Trimarchi, Dhaval Giani, Tommaso Cucinotta, linux-kernel

> From: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
> Date: Thu, Feb 25, 2010 09:28:23PM +0100
>
> On Tue, 2010-02-23 at 19:56 +0100, Fabio Checconi wrote:
> > +#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
> > +static inline unsigned long rt_init_free_bw(void)
> > +{
> > +       unsigned long used = to_ratio(global_rt_period(), global_rt_runtime());
> > +
> > +       return to_ratio(RUNTIME_INF, RUNTIME_INF) - used;
> > +}
> > +#endif
> 
> > +static void __rt_restart_balancing(void)
> > +{
> > +       unsigned long used, global, free;
> > +       struct rq *rq;
> > +       int i;
> > +
> > +       used = rt_used_bandwidth();
> > +       global = to_ratio(RUNTIME_INF, RUNTIME_INF);
> > +
> > +       free = global - used;
> 
> 
> We take the max as RUNTIME_INF instead of global_rt_* so that we can
> move runtime around and fully saturate a single cpu (given there is
> enough free to compensate on other cpus) ?

The only reason I've used RUNTIME_INF instead of global_rt_* is for the
!GROUP_SCHED case, where using the global_rt_* values would make balancing
have no effect at all (the initial value for def_rt_bandwidth already
uses the maximum bw on each cpu) .  The current throttling implementation
in this case still tries to concentrate bw on a single cpu, and I wanted
to replicate the same behaviour.

Should I go for the global_rt_* values and add some #ifdef unreadability
to avoid the balancing overhead in the !GROUP_SCHED case?

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 26+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 2/3] sched: enforce per-cpu utilization limits on runtime balancing
  2010-02-25 20:28   ` Peter Zijlstra
@ 2010-03-03 17:00     ` Fabio Checconi
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 26+ messages in thread
From: Fabio Checconi @ 2010-03-03 17:00 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Peter Zijlstra
  Cc: Ingo Molnar, Thomas Gleixner, Paul Turner, Dario Faggioli,
	Michael Trimarchi, Dhaval Giani, Tommaso Cucinotta, linux-kernel

> From: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
> Date: Thu, Feb 25, 2010 09:28:28PM +0100
>
> On Tue, 2010-02-23 at 19:56 +0100, Fabio Checconi wrote:
> 
> >  /*
> > + * Reset the balancing machinery, restarting from a safe runtime assignment
> > + * on all the cpus/rt_rqs in the system.  There is room for improvements here,
> > + * as this iterates through all the rt_rqs in the system; the main problem
> > + * is that after the balancing has been running for some time we are not
> > + * sure that the fragmentation of the free bandwidth it produced allows new
> > + * groups to run where they need to run.  The caller has to make sure that
> > + * only one instance of this function is running at any time.
> >   */
> > +static void __rt_reset_runtime(void)
> >  {
> > +       struct rq *rq;
> > +       struct rt_rq *rt_rq;
> > +       struct rt_bandwidth *rt_b;
> > +       unsigned long flags;
> > +       int i;
> > +
> > +       for_each_possible_cpu(i) {
> > +               rq = cpu_rq(i);
> > +
> > +               rq->rt_balancing_disabled = 1;
> > +               /*
> > +                * Make sure that all the new calls to do_balance_runtime()
> > +                * see the disable flag and do not migrate anything.  We will
> > +                * implicitly wait for the old ones to terminate entering all
> > +                * the rt_b->rt_runtime_lock, one by one.  Note that maybe
> > +                * iterating over the task_groups first would be a good idea...
> > +                */
> > +               smp_wmb();
> > +
> > +               for_each_leaf_rt_rq(rt_rq, rq) {
> > +                       rt_b = sched_rt_bandwidth(rt_rq);
> > +
> > +                       raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&rt_b->rt_runtime_lock, flags);
> > +                       raw_spin_lock(&rt_rq->rt_runtime_lock);
> > +                       rt_rq->rt_runtime = rt_b->rt_runtime;
> > +                       rt_rq->rt_period = rt_b->rt_period;
> > +                       rt_rq->rt_time = 0;
> > +                       raw_spin_unlock(&rt_rq->rt_runtime_lock);
> > +                       raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rt_b->rt_runtime_lock, flags);
> > +               }
> > +       }
> > +}
> 
> 
> > +/*
> > + * Handle runtime rebalancing: try to push our bandwidth to
> > + * runqueues that need it.
> > + */
> > +static void do_balance_runtime(struct rt_rq *rt_rq)
> > +{
> > +       struct rq *rq = cpu_rq(smp_processor_id());
> > +       struct rt_bandwidth *rt_b = sched_rt_bandwidth(rt_rq);
> > +       struct root_domain *rd = rq->rd;
> > +       int i, weight, ret;
> > +       u64 rt_period, prev_runtime;
> > +       s64 diff;
> > +
> >         weight = cpumask_weight(rd->span);
> >  
> >         raw_spin_lock(&rt_b->rt_runtime_lock);
> > +       /*
> > +        * The raw_spin_lock() acts as an acquire barrier, ensuring
> > +        * that rt_balancing_disabled is accessed after taking the lock;
> > +        * since rt_reset_runtime() takes rt_runtime_lock after
> > +        * setting the disable flag we are sure that no bandwidth
> > +        * is migrated while the reset is in progress.
> > +        */
> 
> Note that LOCK != {RMB,MB}, what you can do is order the WMB with the
> UNLOCK+LOCK (== MB).
> 
> I'm thinking the WMB above is superfluous, either we are already in
> do_balance() and __rt_reset_runtime() will wait for us, or
> __rt_reset_runtime() will have done a LOCK+UNLOCK between setting
> ->rt_balancing_disabled here and we'll have done a LOCK before the read.
> 
> So we always have at least store+UNLOCK+LOCK+load, which can never be
> reordered.
> 
> IOW, look at it as if the store leaks into the rt_b->rt_runtime_lock
> section, in that case that lock properly serializes the store and these
> loads.
> 

The barrier can be removed.  Unfortunately the comments were not clear at
all; what I wanted to do was ensuring that *all* the bw balance operations
be stopped before the first loop in the reset path.  So I did not need
a full memory barrier in do_balance_runtime(), but the acquire barrier
implied by the spin_lock() (paired with the wmb() in the reset path),
was enough to prevent any new balancing op from moving bandwidth.

As you noticed, after the first reset loop a full mb() will be implied
by the lock+unlock sequence, so removing the wmb() would relax the
synchronisation constraints, theoretically allowing some balancing
operations to be started while the first reset loop is being executed.
Since no balancing operation will affect rt_b's already traversed by the
reset loop everything should be safe, so I'll remove the wmb().

The wmb() in __rt_restart_balancing() was needed for the same reason,
when reenabling balancing, so it too can be removed.


> > +       if (rq->rt_balancing_disabled)
> > +               goto out;
> 
> ( maybe call that label unlock )
> 

Will do,

Thank you!


> > +
> > +       prev_runtime = rt_rq->rt_runtime;
> >         rt_period = ktime_to_ns(rt_b->rt_period);
> > +
> >         for_each_cpu(i, rd->span) {
> >                 struct rt_rq *iter = sched_rt_period_rt_rq(rt_b, i);
> > +               struct rq *iter_rq = rq_of_rt_rq(iter);
> >  
> >                 if (iter == rt_rq)
> >                         continue;
> 
> Idem to the above ordering.
> 
> > +               if (iter_rq->rt_balancing_disabled)
> > +                       continue;
> > +
> >                 raw_spin_lock(&iter->rt_runtime_lock);
> >                 /*
> >                  * Either all rqs have inf runtime and there's nothing to steal 
> 
> 

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 26+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 3/3] sched: make runtime balancing code more EDF-friendly
  2010-02-25 20:28   ` Peter Zijlstra
@ 2010-03-03 17:01     ` Fabio Checconi
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 26+ messages in thread
From: Fabio Checconi @ 2010-03-03 17:01 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Peter Zijlstra
  Cc: Ingo Molnar, Thomas Gleixner, Paul Turner, Dario Faggioli,
	Michael Trimarchi, Dhaval Giani, Tommaso Cucinotta, linux-kernel

> From: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
> Date: Thu, Feb 25, 2010 09:28:26PM +0100
>
> On Tue, 2010-02-23 at 19:56 +0100, Fabio Checconi wrote:
> > +               stop = move_runtime(rt_rq, iter, weight, rt_period,
> > pull);
> > +               if (stop) {
> > +                       raw_spin_unlock(&iter->rt_runtime_lock);
> > +                       break;
> >                 }
> >  next:
> >                 raw_spin_unlock(&iter->rt_runtime_lock); 
> 
> might as well put that:
> 
>   if (stop)
>     break;
> 
> right after the raw_spin_unlock() that's already there.

Will do (initializing stop to false before entering the loop), thanks.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 26+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 0/3] sched: use EDF to throttle RT task groups v2
  2010-02-27 12:33 ` Peter Zijlstra
@ 2010-03-03 17:01   ` Fabio Checconi
  2010-03-23 20:30     ` Peter Zijlstra
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 26+ messages in thread
From: Fabio Checconi @ 2010-03-03 17:01 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Peter Zijlstra
  Cc: Ingo Molnar, Thomas Gleixner, Paul Turner, Dario Faggioli,
	Michael Trimarchi, Dhaval Giani, Tommaso Cucinotta, linux-kernel

> From: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
> Date: Sat, Feb 27, 2010 01:33:11PM +0100
>
> On Tue, 2010-02-23 at 19:56 +0100, Fabio Checconi wrote:
> >   - Since it is not easy to mix tasks and groups on the same scheduler
> >     queue (tasks have no deadlines), the bandwidth reserved to the tasks
> >     in a group is controlled with two additional cgroup attributes:
> >     rt_task_runtime_us and rt_task_period_us.  These attributes control,
> >     within a cgroup, how much bandwidth is reserved to the tasks it
> >     contains.  The old attributes, rt_runtime_us and rt_period_us, are
> >     still there, and control the bandwidth assigned to the cgroup.  They
> >     are used only for admission control. 
> 
> We could do this implicitly by simply setting the task_bandwidth to the
> cgroup bandwidth - \Sum_children bandwidth.
> 
> Having it explicit gives the administrator slightly more control at the
> cost of a more complex interface.
> 
> Just wondering if you thought about this trade-off?

I started with it, because I didn't like changing the interface and
because four files to manage the bandwidth *are* a nightmare from the
user perspective...  The problem with using only two files and assign
the residual bandwidth to the tasks in the group is that it makes really
hard to find out how much bw is allocated to the tasks, esp. when
the child groups have different periods.  In practice we would be
guaranteeing something but the user would have a hard time finding
out what...

The biggest problem with the four files used in the current implementation
is that bandwidth assignments should be atomic (because setting all the
parameters independently can force the system to go through non-feasible
assignments, and the order to use when assigning runtime and period
changes depending on the direction of the change).  I know this is a
dangerous question, but I'll try it anyway: are we ready for multi-valued
cgroup parameters?

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 26+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 0/3] sched: use EDF to throttle RT task groups v2
  2010-03-03 17:01   ` Fabio Checconi
@ 2010-03-23 20:30     ` Peter Zijlstra
  2010-03-23 20:56       ` Dhaval Giani
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 26+ messages in thread
From: Peter Zijlstra @ 2010-03-23 20:30 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Fabio Checconi
  Cc: Ingo Molnar, Thomas Gleixner, Paul Turner, Dario Faggioli,
	Michael Trimarchi, Dhaval Giani, Tommaso Cucinotta, linux-kernel

On Wed, 2010-03-03 at 18:01 +0100, Fabio Checconi wrote: 
> > From: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
> > Date: Sat, Feb 27, 2010 01:33:11PM +0100
> >
> > On Tue, 2010-02-23 at 19:56 +0100, Fabio Checconi wrote:
> > >   - Since it is not easy to mix tasks and groups on the same scheduler
> > >     queue (tasks have no deadlines), the bandwidth reserved to the tasks
> > >     in a group is controlled with two additional cgroup attributes:
> > >     rt_task_runtime_us and rt_task_period_us.  These attributes control,
> > >     within a cgroup, how much bandwidth is reserved to the tasks it
> > >     contains.  The old attributes, rt_runtime_us and rt_period_us, are
> > >     still there, and control the bandwidth assigned to the cgroup.  They
> > >     are used only for admission control. 
> > 
> > We could do this implicitly by simply setting the task_bandwidth to the
> > cgroup bandwidth - \Sum_children bandwidth.
> > 
> > Having it explicit gives the administrator slightly more control at the
> > cost of a more complex interface.
> > 
> > Just wondering if you thought about this trade-off?
> 
> I started with it, because I didn't like changing the interface and
> because four files to manage the bandwidth *are* a nightmare from the
> user perspective...  The problem with using only two files and assign
> the residual bandwidth to the tasks in the group is that it makes really
> hard to find out how much bw is allocated to the tasks, esp. when
> the child groups have different periods.  In practice we would be
> guaranteeing something but the user would have a hard time finding
> out what...

Right, we could do both, by allowing the task files to have -1 values,
effectively disabling their reservation and thus ending up with whatever
remains or so.

> The biggest problem with the four files used in the current implementation
> is that bandwidth assignments should be atomic (because setting all the
> parameters independently can force the system to go through non-feasible
> assignments, and the order to use when assigning runtime and period
> changes depending on the direction of the change).  I know this is a
> dangerous question, but I'll try it anyway: are we ready for multi-valued
> cgroup parameters?

Right, I don't know about multi-valued files, that sounds like its going
to confuse people too.

Another option might be some transactional interface, but not sure how
that would work out either.. maybe by toggling the system wide bandwidth
control off and on, not sure who's in charge of cgroupfs anyway. 


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 26+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 2/3] sched: enforce per-cpu utilization limits on runtime balancing
  2010-03-03 17:00     ` Fabio Checconi
@ 2010-03-23 20:32       ` Peter Zijlstra
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 26+ messages in thread
From: Peter Zijlstra @ 2010-03-23 20:32 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Fabio Checconi
  Cc: Ingo Molnar, Thomas Gleixner, Paul Turner, Dario Faggioli,
	Michael Trimarchi, Dhaval Giani, Tommaso Cucinotta, linux-kernel

On Wed, 2010-03-03 at 18:00 +0100, Fabio Checconi wrote:
> > From: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
> > Date: Thu, Feb 25, 2010 09:28:23PM +0100
> >
> > On Tue, 2010-02-23 at 19:56 +0100, Fabio Checconi wrote:
> > > +#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
> > > +static inline unsigned long rt_init_free_bw(void)
> > > +{
> > > +       unsigned long used = to_ratio(global_rt_period(), global_rt_runtime());
> > > +
> > > +       return to_ratio(RUNTIME_INF, RUNTIME_INF) - used;
> > > +}
> > > +#endif
> > 
> > > +static void __rt_restart_balancing(void)
> > > +{
> > > +       unsigned long used, global, free;
> > > +       struct rq *rq;
> > > +       int i;
> > > +
> > > +       used = rt_used_bandwidth();
> > > +       global = to_ratio(RUNTIME_INF, RUNTIME_INF);
> > > +
> > > +       free = global - used;
> > 
> > 
> > We take the max as RUNTIME_INF instead of global_rt_* so that we can
> > move runtime around and fully saturate a single cpu (given there is
> > enough free to compensate on other cpus) ?
> 
> The only reason I've used RUNTIME_INF instead of global_rt_* is for the
> !GROUP_SCHED case, where using the global_rt_* values would make balancing
> have no effect at all (the initial value for def_rt_bandwidth already
> uses the maximum bw on each cpu) .  The current throttling implementation
> in this case still tries to concentrate bw on a single cpu, and I wanted
> to replicate the same behaviour.
> 
> Should I go for the global_rt_* values and add some #ifdef unreadability
> to avoid the balancing overhead in the !GROUP_SCHED case?


Nah, but adding a comment to clarify this might help.. I only asked
because it was not immediately obvious.


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 26+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 2/3] sched: enforce per-cpu utilization limits on runtime balancing
  2010-03-03 17:00     ` Fabio Checconi
@ 2010-03-23 20:33       ` Peter Zijlstra
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 26+ messages in thread
From: Peter Zijlstra @ 2010-03-23 20:33 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Fabio Checconi
  Cc: Ingo Molnar, Thomas Gleixner, Paul Turner, Dario Faggioli,
	Michael Trimarchi, Dhaval Giani, Tommaso Cucinotta, linux-kernel

On Wed, 2010-03-03 at 18:00 +0100, Fabio Checconi wrote:
> > From: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
> > Date: Thu, Feb 25, 2010 09:28:25PM +0100
> >
> > On Tue, 2010-02-23 at 19:56 +0100, Fabio Checconi wrote:
> > > +static u64 from_ratio(unsigned long ratio, u64 period)
> > > +{
> > > +       return (ratio * period) >> 20;
> > > +}
> > > +
> > > +/*
> > > + * Try to move *diff units of runtime from src to dst, checking
> > > + * that the utilization does not exceed the global limits on the
> > > + * destination cpu.  Returns true if the migration succeeded, leaving
> > > + * in *diff the actual amount of runtime moved, false on failure, which
> > > + * means that no more bandwidth can be migrated to rt_rq.
> > > + */
> > > +static int rt_move_bw(struct rt_rq *src, struct rt_rq *dst,
> > > +                      s64 *diff, u64 rt_period)
> > > +{
> > > +       struct rq *rq = rq_of_rt_rq(dst), *src_rq = rq_of_rt_rq(src);
> > > +       struct rt_edf_tree *dtree = &rq->rt.rt_edf_tree;
> > > +       struct rt_edf_tree *stree = &src_rq->rt.rt_edf_tree;
> > > +       unsigned long bw_to_move;
> > > +       int ret = 0;
> > > +
> > > +       double_spin_lock(&dtree->rt_bw_lock, &stree->rt_bw_lock);
> > > +
> > > +       if (dtree->rt_free_bw) {
> > > +               bw_to_move = to_ratio(rt_period, *diff);
> > > +               if (bw_to_move > dtree->rt_free_bw) {
> > > +                       bw_to_move = dtree->rt_free_bw;
> > > +                       *diff = from_ratio(bw_to_move, rt_period);
> > > +               }
> > > +
> > > +               stree->rt_free_bw -= bw_to_move;
> > > +               dtree->rt_free_bw += bw_to_move;
> > > +               ret = 1;
> > > +       }
> > > +
> > > +       double_spin_unlock(&dtree->rt_bw_lock, &stree->rt_bw_lock);
> > > +
> > > +       return ret;
> > > +} 
> > 
> > The from_ratio() stuff smells like numerical instability for
> > ->rt_free_bw, I can't see anything that would, given sufficient balance
> > cycles keep the sum of rt_free_bw over the cpus equal to what it started
> > out with.
> 
> You're right...  What would you think about the following solution?
> It just keep tracks of the bw accounted for every rt_rq when it is
> updated, and that should be enough to avoid accumulating the errors.
> 
> static inline void rt_update_bw(struct rt_rq *rt_rq, struct rt_edf_tree *tree,
>                                 s64 diff, u64 rt_period)
> {       
> 	unsigned long bw;
> 
> 	rt_rq->rt_runtime += diff;
> 	bw = to_ratio(rt_period, rt_rq->rt_runtime);
> 	tree->rt_free_bw += bw - rt_rq->rt_bw;
> 	rt_rq->rt_bw = bw;
> }
>  
> static bool rt_move_bw(struct rt_rq *src, struct rt_rq *dst,
> 		       s64 *diff, u64 rt_period)
> {
> 	struct rq *rq = rq_of_rt_rq(dst), *src_rq = rq_of_rt_rq(src);
> 	struct rt_edf_tree *dtree = &rq->rt.rt_edf_tree;
> 	struct rt_edf_tree *stree = &src_rq->rt.rt_edf_tree;
> 	unsigned long bw_to_move;
> 	bool ret = false;
> 
> 	double_spin_lock(&dtree->rt_bw_lock, &stree->rt_bw_lock);
> 
> 	if (dtree->rt_free_bw) {
> 		bw_to_move = to_ratio(rt_period, *diff);
> 		if (bw_to_move > dtree->rt_free_bw)
> 			*diff = from_ratio(dtree->rt_free_bw, rt_period);
> 
> 		if (*diff) {
> 			rt_update_bw(src, stree, -(*diff), rt_period);
> 			rt_update_bw(dst, dtree, *diff, rt_period);
> 
> 			ret = true;
> 		}
> 	}
> 
> 	double_spin_unlock(&dtree->rt_bw_lock, &stree->rt_bw_lock);
> 
> 	return ret;
> }

OK, I think that should work, add a little comment on why we're doing it
this way and all should be well ;-)


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 26+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 0/3] sched: use EDF to throttle RT task groups v2
  2010-03-23 20:30     ` Peter Zijlstra
@ 2010-03-23 20:56       ` Dhaval Giani
  2010-03-23 21:51         ` Tommaso Cucinotta
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 26+ messages in thread
From: Dhaval Giani @ 2010-03-23 20:56 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Peter Zijlstra
  Cc: Fabio Checconi, Ingo Molnar, Thomas Gleixner, Paul Turner,
	Dario Faggioli, Michael Trimarchi, Tommaso Cucinotta,
	linux-kernel

 
> > The biggest problem with the four files used in the current implementation
> > is that bandwidth assignments should be atomic (because setting all the
> > parameters independently can force the system to go through non-feasible
> > assignments, and the order to use when assigning runtime and period
> > changes depending on the direction of the change).  I know this is a
> > dangerous question, but I'll try it anyway: are we ready for multi-valued
> > cgroup parameters?
> 
> Right, I don't know about multi-valued files, that sounds like its going
> to confuse people too.
> 

True, but after having used the current interface I feel multi-valued
files will be better. For an idea, this is how I currently change
bandwidth allocated to a group.

(I am ignoring cpu.rt_ prefixes and _us suffixes for the filenames)

Starting state: task_runtime: 100000, task_period: 1000000.
runtime=200000, period=1000000

Suppose I want to bring down the periods to 100000, then first I need
to change task_runtime to 10000, then the task period, then the runtime
and finally the period.

If I want to go the opposite way, then first I need to increase the
periods and then the runtimes.

But I can also see why one would not want a multi-valued interface, esp
when the idea is just to change the runtimes. (though there is a
complicated interaction between task_runtime and runtime which I am not
sure how to avoid).

IOW, this interface sucks :-). We really need something better and
easier to use. (Sorry for no constructive input)

Thanks,
Dhaval

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 26+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 0/3] sched: use EDF to throttle RT task groups v2
  2010-03-23 20:56       ` Dhaval Giani
@ 2010-03-23 21:51         ` Tommaso Cucinotta
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 26+ messages in thread
From: Tommaso Cucinotta @ 2010-03-23 21:51 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Dhaval Giani
  Cc: Peter Zijlstra, Fabio Checconi, Ingo Molnar, Thomas Gleixner,
	Paul Turner, Dario Faggioli, Michael Trimarchi,
	Tommaso Cucinotta, linux-kernel

Dhaval Giani wrote:
> But I can also see why one would not want a multi-valued interface, esp
> when the idea is just to change the runtimes. (though there is a
> complicated interaction between task_runtime and runtime which I am not
> sure how to avoid).
>
> IOW, this interface sucks :-). We really need something better and
> easier to use. (Sorry for no constructive input)
>   
Hi,

is it really so bad to think of a well-engineered API for real-time 
scheduling services of the OS, to be made available to applications by 
means of a library, and to be implemented by whatever means fits best in 
the current kernel/user-space interaction model ? For example, variants 
on the sched_setscheduler() syscall (remember the 
sched_setscheduler_ex() for SCHED_SPORADIC ?), a completely new set of 
syscalls, a cgroupfs based interaction, a set of binary files within the 
cgroupfs, a set of ioctl()s over cgroupfs entries (somebody must have 
told me this is not possible), or a special device in /dev, /sys, /proc, 
/wherever, etc.

For example, on OS-X there seems to be this THREAD_TIME_CONSTRAINT_POLICY

 http://developer.apple.com/mac/library/documentation/Darwin/Conceptual/KernelProgramming/scheduler/scheduler.html#//apple_ref/doc/uid/TP30000905-CH211-BABCHEEB

which is claimed to be used by multimedia and system interactive 
services, even if at the kernel level I don't know how it is implemented 
and what it actually provides.

Also, in the context of some research projects, a few APIs have come out 
in the last few years for Linux as well. Now, I don't want to say that 
we must have something as ugly as:

  int frsh_contract_set_resource_and_label
  (frsh_contract_t *contract,
   const frsh_resource_type_t resource_type,
   const frsh_resource_id_t resource_id,
   const char *contract_label);

and as complex and multi-faceted as the entire FRESCOR API

  http://www.frescor.org/
  
http://www.frescor.org/index.php?mact=Uploads,cntnt01,getfile,0&cntnt01showtemplate=false&cntnt01upload_id=75&cntnt01returnid=54

pretending to merge into a single framework management of real-time 
computing, networking, storage, or even memory allocation. However, at 
least that experience may help in identifying the requirements for a 
well-engineered approach to a real-time interface. I also know it cannot 
be something as naive and simple as the AQuoSA API

  
http://aquosa.sourceforge.net/aquosa-docs/aquosa-qosres/html/group__QRES__LIB.html

designed around a single-processor embedded (and academic) context.

I'm really scared that this cgroupfs-based kind of interfaces fit well 
only within requirements of "static partitioning" of the system by 
sysadmins, whilst general real-time, interactive and multimedia 
applications cannot easily benefit of the potentially available 
real-time guarantees (in our research we used to dynamically change the 
reserved resources (runtime) for the application every 40ms or so, 
others from the same group desire some kind of "elastic scheduling" 
where the reservation period is changed dynamically for control tasks at 
an even higher rate . . . I know that those ones may represent 
pathologically and polarized scenarios of no general interest as well).

Another example: we can quickly find out that we may need more than 
atomically set 2 parameters, just as an example one may just have:
- runtime
- period
- a set of flags governing the exact scheduling behavior, for example:
  - whether or not it may take more than the assigned runtime
  - if yes, by what means (SCHED_OTHER when runtime exhausted a'la 
AQuoSA, or low priority a'la Sporadic Server, or deadline post-ponement 
a'la Constant Bandwidth Server, or what ?)
  - any weight for governing a weighted fair partitioning of the excess 
bandwidth ?
  - on Mac OS-X, they seem to have a flag driving preemtability of the 
process
  - whether we want partitioned scheduling or global scheduling ?
  - whether we want to allocate on an individual CPU, on all available 
CPUs a'la Fabio's scheduler, or on a cpuset ?
- low priority ?
- signal to be delivered in case of budget overrun ?
- something mad about synchronization, such as blocking times ? (ok, now 
I'm starting to talk real-time-ish, I'll stop).

and, we may need more complex operations than simply reading/writing 
runtimes and periods, such as:
- attaching/detaching threads
- monitoring the available instantaneous budget
- setting-up hierarchical scheduling (ok, for such things the cgroups 
seems just perfect)

My 2 cents (apologies for the length),

    Tommaso

-- 
Tommaso Cucinotta, Computer Engineering PhD, Researcher
ReTiS Lab, Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna, Pisa, Italy
Tel +39 050 882 024, Fax +39 050 882 003
http://retis.sssup.it/people/tommaso


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 26+ messages in thread

end of thread, other threads:[~2010-03-23 21:51 UTC | newest]

Thread overview: 26+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
-- links below jump to the message on this page --
2010-02-23 18:56 [PATCH 0/3] sched: use EDF to throttle RT task groups v2 Fabio Checconi
2010-02-23 18:56 ` [PATCH 1/3] sched: use EDF to schedule groups Fabio Checconi
2010-02-25 20:28   ` Peter Zijlstra
2010-03-03 16:59     ` Fabio Checconi
2010-02-23 18:56 ` [PATCH 2/3] sched: enforce per-cpu utilization limits on runtime balancing Fabio Checconi
2010-02-25 20:28   ` Peter Zijlstra
2010-03-03 16:59     ` Fabio Checconi
2010-02-25 20:28   ` Peter Zijlstra
2010-03-03 17:00     ` Fabio Checconi
2010-03-23 20:32       ` Peter Zijlstra
2010-02-25 20:28   ` Peter Zijlstra
2010-03-03 16:59     ` Fabio Checconi
2010-02-25 20:28   ` Peter Zijlstra
2010-03-03 17:00     ` Fabio Checconi
2010-03-23 20:33       ` Peter Zijlstra
2010-02-25 20:28   ` Peter Zijlstra
2010-03-03 17:00     ` Fabio Checconi
2010-02-23 18:56 ` [PATCH 3/3] sched: make runtime balancing code more EDF-friendly Fabio Checconi
2010-02-25 20:28   ` Peter Zijlstra
2010-03-03 17:01     ` Fabio Checconi
2010-02-25 20:28 ` [PATCH 0/3] sched: use EDF to throttle RT task groups v2 Peter Zijlstra
2010-02-27 12:33 ` Peter Zijlstra
2010-03-03 17:01   ` Fabio Checconi
2010-03-23 20:30     ` Peter Zijlstra
2010-03-23 20:56       ` Dhaval Giani
2010-03-23 21:51         ` Tommaso Cucinotta

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