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* [alsa-devel] [PATCH v2 0/8] ALSA: aloop: Support sound timer as clock source instead of jiffies
@ 2019-11-05 14:32 Andrew Gabbasov
  2019-11-05 14:32 ` [alsa-devel] [PATCH v2 1/8] ALSA: aloop: Describe units of variables Andrew Gabbasov
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 20+ messages in thread
From: Andrew Gabbasov @ 2019-11-05 14:32 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: alsa-devel, linux-kernel, Jaroslav Kysela, Takashi Iwai,
	Timo Wischer, Andrew Gabbasov

This patch set is an updated version of patches by Timo Wischer:
https://mailman.alsa-project.org/pipermail/alsa-devel/2019-March/146871.html

This patch set is required for forwarding audio data between a HW sound
card and an aloop device without the usage of an asynchronous sample rate
converter.

Most of sound and timers related code is kept the same as in previous set.
The code, related to snd_pcm_link() functionality and its using for
timer source setting, is removed (as rejected earlier). The changes in this
update are mainly related to the parameters handling and some cleanup.

The timer source can be initially selected by "timer_source" kernel module
parameter. It is supposed to have the following format:
    [<pref>:](<card name>|<card idx>)[{.,}<dev idx>[{.,}<subdev idx>]]
For example: "hw:I82801AAICH.1.0", or "1.1", or just "I82801AAICH".
(Prefix is ignored, just allowed here to be able to use the strings,
the user got used to).
Although the parsing function recognizes both '.' and ',' as a separator,
module parameters handling routines use ',' to separate parameters for
different module instances (array elements), so we have to use '.'
to separate device and subdevice numbers from the card name or number
in module parameters.
Empty string indicates using jiffies as a timer source.

Besides "static" selection of timer source at module load time,
it is possible to dynamically change it via sound "info" interface
(using "/proc/asound/<card>/timer_source" file in read-write mode.
The contents of this file is used as a timer source string for
a particular loopback card, e.g. "hw:0,0,0" (and here ',' can be used
as a separator).

The timer source string value can be changed at any time, but it is
latched by PCM substream open callback "loopback_open()" (the first
one for a particular cable). At this point it is actually used,
that is the string is parsed, and the timer is looked up and opened.
This seems to be a good trade-off between flexibility of updates and
synchronizations or racing complexity.

The timer source is set for a loopback card (the same as initial setting
by module parameter), but every cable uses the value, current at the moment
of opening. Theoretically, it's possible to set the timer source for each
cable independently (via separate files), but it would be inconsistent
with the initial setting via module parameters on a per-card basis.


Andrew Gabbasov (1):
  ALSA: aloop: Support runtime change of snd_timer via info interface

Timo Wischer (7):
  ALSA: aloop: Describe units of variables
  ALSA: aloop: loopback_timer_start: Support return of error code
  ALSA: aloop: loopback_timer_stop: Support return of error code
  ALSA: aloop: Use callback functions for timer specific implementations
  ALSA: aloop: Rename all jiffies timer specific functions
  ALSA: aloop: Move CABLE_VALID_BOTH to the top of file
  ALSA: aloop: Support selection of snd_timer instead of jiffies

 sound/drivers/aloop.c | 656 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
 1 file changed, 621 insertions(+), 35 deletions(-)

-- 
2.21.0

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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 20+ messages in thread

* [alsa-devel] [PATCH v2 1/8] ALSA: aloop: Describe units of variables
  2019-11-05 14:32 [alsa-devel] [PATCH v2 0/8] ALSA: aloop: Support sound timer as clock source instead of jiffies Andrew Gabbasov
@ 2019-11-05 14:32 ` Andrew Gabbasov
  2019-11-05 14:32   ` [alsa-devel] [PATCH v2 2/8] ALSA: aloop: loopback_timer_start: Support return of error code Andrew Gabbasov
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 20+ messages in thread
From: Andrew Gabbasov @ 2019-11-05 14:32 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: alsa-devel, linux-kernel, Jaroslav Kysela, Takashi Iwai,
	Timo Wischer, Andrew Gabbasov

From: Timo Wischer <twischer@de.adit-jv.com>

Describe the unit of the variables used to calculate the hw pointer
depending on jiffies ticks.

Signed-off-by: Timo Wischer <twischer@de.adit-jv.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Gabbasov <andrew_gabbasov@mentor.com>
---
 sound/drivers/aloop.c | 6 ++++--
 1 file changed, 4 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/sound/drivers/aloop.c b/sound/drivers/aloop.c
index 9ccdad89c288..1f5982e09025 100644
--- a/sound/drivers/aloop.c
+++ b/sound/drivers/aloop.c
@@ -102,8 +102,10 @@ struct loopback_pcm {
 	/* flags */
 	unsigned int period_update_pending :1;
 	/* timer stuff */
-	unsigned int irq_pos;		/* fractional IRQ position */
-	unsigned int period_size_frac;
+	unsigned int irq_pos;		/* fractional IRQ position in jiffies
+					 * ticks
+					 */
+	unsigned int period_size_frac;	/* period size in jiffies ticks */
 	unsigned int last_drift;
 	unsigned long last_jiffies;
 	struct timer_list timer;
-- 
2.21.0

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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 20+ messages in thread

* [alsa-devel] [PATCH v2 2/8] ALSA: aloop: loopback_timer_start: Support return of error code
  2019-11-05 14:32 ` [alsa-devel] [PATCH v2 1/8] ALSA: aloop: Describe units of variables Andrew Gabbasov
@ 2019-11-05 14:32   ` Andrew Gabbasov
  2019-11-05 14:32     ` [alsa-devel] [PATCH v2 3/8] ALSA: aloop: loopback_timer_stop: " Andrew Gabbasov
  2019-11-06 15:50     ` [alsa-devel] [PATCH v2 2/8] ALSA: aloop: loopback_timer_start: " Takashi Iwai
  0 siblings, 2 replies; 20+ messages in thread
From: Andrew Gabbasov @ 2019-11-05 14:32 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: alsa-devel, linux-kernel, Jaroslav Kysela, Takashi Iwai,
	Timo Wischer, Andrew Gabbasov

From: Timo Wischer <twischer@de.adit-jv.com>

This is required for additional timer implementations which could detect
errors and want to throw them.

Signed-off-by: Timo Wischer <twischer@de.adit-jv.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Gabbasov <andrew_gabbasov@mentor.com>
---
 sound/drivers/aloop.c | 12 +++++++-----
 1 file changed, 7 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

diff --git a/sound/drivers/aloop.c b/sound/drivers/aloop.c
index 1f5982e09025..b9ee5b72a996 100644
--- a/sound/drivers/aloop.c
+++ b/sound/drivers/aloop.c
@@ -155,7 +155,7 @@ static inline unsigned int get_rate_shift(struct loopback_pcm *dpcm)
 }
 
 /* call in cable->lock */
-static void loopback_timer_start(struct loopback_pcm *dpcm)
+static int loopback_timer_start(struct loopback_pcm *dpcm)
 {
 	unsigned long tick;
 	unsigned int rate_shift = get_rate_shift(dpcm);
@@ -171,6 +171,8 @@ static void loopback_timer_start(struct loopback_pcm *dpcm)
 	tick = dpcm->period_size_frac - dpcm->irq_pos;
 	tick = (tick + dpcm->pcm_bps - 1) / dpcm->pcm_bps;
 	mod_timer(&dpcm->timer, jiffies + tick);
+
+	return 0;
 }
 
 /* call in cable->lock */
@@ -251,7 +253,7 @@ static int loopback_trigger(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int cmd)
 	struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
 	struct loopback_pcm *dpcm = runtime->private_data;
 	struct loopback_cable *cable = dpcm->cable;
-	int err, stream = 1 << substream->stream;
+	int err = 0, stream = 1 << substream->stream;
 
 	switch (cmd) {
 	case SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_START:
@@ -264,7 +266,7 @@ static int loopback_trigger(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int cmd)
 		spin_lock(&cable->lock);	
 		cable->running |= stream;
 		cable->pause &= ~stream;
-		loopback_timer_start(dpcm);
+		err = loopback_timer_start(dpcm);
 		spin_unlock(&cable->lock);
 		if (substream->stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK)
 			loopback_active_notify(dpcm);
@@ -292,7 +294,7 @@ static int loopback_trigger(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int cmd)
 		spin_lock(&cable->lock);
 		dpcm->last_jiffies = jiffies;
 		cable->pause &= ~stream;
-		loopback_timer_start(dpcm);
+		err = loopback_timer_start(dpcm);
 		spin_unlock(&cable->lock);
 		if (substream->stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK)
 			loopback_active_notify(dpcm);
@@ -300,7 +302,7 @@ static int loopback_trigger(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int cmd)
 	default:
 		return -EINVAL;
 	}
-	return 0;
+	return err;
 }
 
 static void params_change(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
-- 
2.21.0

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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 20+ messages in thread

* [alsa-devel] [PATCH v2 3/8] ALSA: aloop: loopback_timer_stop: Support return of error code
  2019-11-05 14:32   ` [alsa-devel] [PATCH v2 2/8] ALSA: aloop: loopback_timer_start: Support return of error code Andrew Gabbasov
@ 2019-11-05 14:32     ` " Andrew Gabbasov
  2019-11-05 14:32       ` [alsa-devel] [PATCH v2 4/8] ALSA: aloop: Use callback functions for timer specific implementations Andrew Gabbasov
  2019-11-06 15:51       ` [alsa-devel] [PATCH v2 3/8] ALSA: aloop: loopback_timer_stop: Support return of error code Takashi Iwai
  2019-11-06 15:50     ` [alsa-devel] [PATCH v2 2/8] ALSA: aloop: loopback_timer_start: " Takashi Iwai
  1 sibling, 2 replies; 20+ messages in thread
From: Andrew Gabbasov @ 2019-11-05 14:32 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: alsa-devel, linux-kernel, Jaroslav Kysela, Takashi Iwai,
	Timo Wischer, Andrew Gabbasov

From: Timo Wischer <twischer@de.adit-jv.com>

This is required for additional timer implementations which could detect
errors and want to throw them.

Signed-off-by: Timo Wischer <twischer@de.adit-jv.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Gabbasov <andrew_gabbasov@mentor.com>
---
 sound/drivers/aloop.c | 18 ++++++++++++------
 1 file changed, 12 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)

diff --git a/sound/drivers/aloop.c b/sound/drivers/aloop.c
index b9ee5b72a996..dc9154662d5b 100644
--- a/sound/drivers/aloop.c
+++ b/sound/drivers/aloop.c
@@ -176,15 +176,19 @@ static int loopback_timer_start(struct loopback_pcm *dpcm)
 }
 
 /* call in cable->lock */
-static inline void loopback_timer_stop(struct loopback_pcm *dpcm)
+static inline int loopback_timer_stop(struct loopback_pcm *dpcm)
 {
 	del_timer(&dpcm->timer);
 	dpcm->timer.expires = 0;
+
+	return 0;
 }
 
-static inline void loopback_timer_stop_sync(struct loopback_pcm *dpcm)
+static inline int loopback_timer_stop_sync(struct loopback_pcm *dpcm)
 {
 	del_timer_sync(&dpcm->timer);
+
+	return 0;
 }
 
 #define CABLE_VALID_PLAYBACK	(1 << SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK)
@@ -275,7 +279,7 @@ static int loopback_trigger(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int cmd)
 		spin_lock(&cable->lock);	
 		cable->running &= ~stream;
 		cable->pause &= ~stream;
-		loopback_timer_stop(dpcm);
+		err = loopback_timer_stop(dpcm);
 		spin_unlock(&cable->lock);
 		if (substream->stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK)
 			loopback_active_notify(dpcm);
@@ -284,7 +288,7 @@ static int loopback_trigger(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int cmd)
 	case SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_SUSPEND:
 		spin_lock(&cable->lock);	
 		cable->pause |= stream;
-		loopback_timer_stop(dpcm);
+		err = loopback_timer_stop(dpcm);
 		spin_unlock(&cable->lock);
 		if (substream->stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK)
 			loopback_active_notify(dpcm);
@@ -323,9 +327,11 @@ static int loopback_prepare(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
 	struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
 	struct loopback_pcm *dpcm = runtime->private_data;
 	struct loopback_cable *cable = dpcm->cable;
-	int bps, salign;
+	int err, bps, salign;
 
-	loopback_timer_stop_sync(dpcm);
+	err = loopback_timer_stop_sync(dpcm);
+	if (err < 0)
+		return err;
 
 	salign = (snd_pcm_format_physical_width(runtime->format) *
 						runtime->channels) / 8;
-- 
2.21.0

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Alsa-devel@alsa-project.org
https://mailman.alsa-project.org/mailman/listinfo/alsa-devel

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 20+ messages in thread

* [alsa-devel] [PATCH v2 4/8] ALSA: aloop: Use callback functions for timer specific implementations
  2019-11-05 14:32     ` [alsa-devel] [PATCH v2 3/8] ALSA: aloop: loopback_timer_stop: " Andrew Gabbasov
@ 2019-11-05 14:32       ` Andrew Gabbasov
  2019-11-05 14:32         ` [alsa-devel] [PATCH v2 5/8] ALSA: aloop: Rename all jiffies timer specific functions Andrew Gabbasov
  2019-11-06 15:51       ` [alsa-devel] [PATCH v2 3/8] ALSA: aloop: loopback_timer_stop: Support return of error code Takashi Iwai
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 20+ messages in thread
From: Andrew Gabbasov @ 2019-11-05 14:32 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: alsa-devel, linux-kernel, Jaroslav Kysela, Takashi Iwai,
	Timo Wischer, Andrew Gabbasov

From: Timo Wischer <twischer@de.adit-jv.com>

This commit only refactors the implementation. It does not change the
behaviour.
It is required to support other timers (e.g sound timer).

Signed-off-by: Timo Wischer <twischer@de.adit-jv.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Gabbasov <andrew_gabbasov@mentor.com>
---
 sound/drivers/aloop.c | 113 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------
 1 file changed, 94 insertions(+), 19 deletions(-)

diff --git a/sound/drivers/aloop.c b/sound/drivers/aloop.c
index dc9154662d5b..92134e9c6ea7 100644
--- a/sound/drivers/aloop.c
+++ b/sound/drivers/aloop.c
@@ -55,8 +55,39 @@ MODULE_PARM_DESC(pcm_notify, "Break capture when PCM format/rate/channels change
 
 #define NO_PITCH 100000
 
+struct loopback_cable;
 struct loopback_pcm;
 
+struct loopback_ops {
+	/* optional
+	 * call in loopback->cable_lock
+	 */
+	int (*open)(struct loopback_pcm *dpcm);
+	/* required
+	 * call in cable->lock
+	 */
+	int (*start)(struct loopback_pcm *dpcm);
+	/* required
+	 * call in cable->lock
+	 */
+	int (*stop)(struct loopback_pcm *dpcm);
+	/* optional */
+	int (*stop_sync)(struct loopback_pcm *dpcm);
+	/* optional */
+	int (*close_substream)(struct loopback_pcm *dpcm);
+	/* optional
+	 * call in loopback->cable_lock
+	 */
+	int (*close_cable)(struct loopback_pcm *dpcm);
+	/* optional
+	 * call in cable->lock
+	 */
+	unsigned int (*pos_update)(struct loopback_cable *cable);
+	/* optional */
+	void (*dpcm_info)(struct loopback_pcm *dpcm,
+			  struct snd_info_buffer *buffer);
+};
+
 struct loopback_cable {
 	spinlock_t lock;
 	struct loopback_pcm *streams[2];
@@ -65,6 +96,8 @@ struct loopback_cable {
 	unsigned int valid;
 	unsigned int running;
 	unsigned int pause;
+	/* timer specific */
+	struct loopback_ops *ops;
 };
 
 struct loopback_setup {
@@ -270,7 +303,7 @@ static int loopback_trigger(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int cmd)
 		spin_lock(&cable->lock);	
 		cable->running |= stream;
 		cable->pause &= ~stream;
-		err = loopback_timer_start(dpcm);
+		err = cable->ops->start(dpcm);
 		spin_unlock(&cable->lock);
 		if (substream->stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK)
 			loopback_active_notify(dpcm);
@@ -279,7 +312,7 @@ static int loopback_trigger(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int cmd)
 		spin_lock(&cable->lock);	
 		cable->running &= ~stream;
 		cable->pause &= ~stream;
-		err = loopback_timer_stop(dpcm);
+		err = cable->ops->stop(dpcm);
 		spin_unlock(&cable->lock);
 		if (substream->stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK)
 			loopback_active_notify(dpcm);
@@ -288,7 +321,7 @@ static int loopback_trigger(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int cmd)
 	case SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_SUSPEND:
 		spin_lock(&cable->lock);	
 		cable->pause |= stream;
-		err = loopback_timer_stop(dpcm);
+		err = cable->ops->stop(dpcm);
 		spin_unlock(&cable->lock);
 		if (substream->stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK)
 			loopback_active_notify(dpcm);
@@ -298,7 +331,7 @@ static int loopback_trigger(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int cmd)
 		spin_lock(&cable->lock);
 		dpcm->last_jiffies = jiffies;
 		cable->pause &= ~stream;
-		err = loopback_timer_start(dpcm);
+		err = cable->ops->start(dpcm);
 		spin_unlock(&cable->lock);
 		if (substream->stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK)
 			loopback_active_notify(dpcm);
@@ -329,9 +362,11 @@ static int loopback_prepare(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
 	struct loopback_cable *cable = dpcm->cable;
 	int err, bps, salign;
 
-	err = loopback_timer_stop_sync(dpcm);
-	if (err < 0)
-		return err;
+	if (cable->ops->stop_sync) {
+		err = cable->ops->stop_sync(dpcm);
+		if (err < 0)
+			return err;
+	}
 
 	salign = (snd_pcm_format_physical_width(runtime->format) *
 						runtime->channels) / 8;
@@ -539,6 +574,18 @@ static void loopback_timer_function(struct timer_list *t)
 	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dpcm->cable->lock, flags);
 }
 
+static void loopback_jiffies_timer_dpcm_info(struct loopback_pcm *dpcm,
+					     struct snd_info_buffer *buffer)
+{
+	snd_iprintf(buffer, "    update_pending:\t%u\n",
+		    dpcm->period_update_pending);
+	snd_iprintf(buffer, "    irq_pos:\t\t%u\n", dpcm->irq_pos);
+	snd_iprintf(buffer, "    period_frac:\t%u\n", dpcm->period_size_frac);
+	snd_iprintf(buffer, "    last_jiffies:\t%lu (%lu)\n",
+		    dpcm->last_jiffies, jiffies);
+	snd_iprintf(buffer, "    timer_expires:\t%lu\n", dpcm->timer.expires);
+}
+
 static snd_pcm_uframes_t loopback_pointer(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
 {
 	struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
@@ -546,7 +593,8 @@ static snd_pcm_uframes_t loopback_pointer(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
 	snd_pcm_uframes_t pos;
 
 	spin_lock(&dpcm->cable->lock);
-	loopback_pos_update(dpcm->cable);
+	if (dpcm->cable->ops->pos_update)
+		dpcm->cable->ops->pos_update(dpcm->cable);
 	pos = dpcm->buf_pos;
 	spin_unlock(&dpcm->cable->lock);
 	return bytes_to_frames(runtime, pos);
@@ -672,12 +720,33 @@ static void free_cable(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
 		cable->streams[substream->stream] = NULL;
 		spin_unlock_irq(&cable->lock);
 	} else {
+		struct loopback_pcm *dpcm = substream->runtime->private_data;
+
+		if (cable->ops && cable->ops->close_cable && dpcm)
+			cable->ops->close_cable(dpcm);
 		/* free the cable */
 		loopback->cables[substream->number][dev] = NULL;
 		kfree(cable);
 	}
 }
 
+static int loopback_jiffies_timer_open(struct loopback_pcm *dpcm)
+{
+	timer_setup(&dpcm->timer, loopback_timer_function, 0);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static struct loopback_ops loopback_jiffies_timer_ops = {
+	.open = loopback_jiffies_timer_open,
+	.start = loopback_timer_start,
+	.stop = loopback_timer_stop,
+	.stop_sync = loopback_timer_stop_sync,
+	.close_substream = loopback_timer_stop_sync,
+	.pos_update = loopback_pos_update,
+	.dpcm_info = loopback_jiffies_timer_dpcm_info,
+};
+
 static int loopback_open(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
 {
 	struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
@@ -695,7 +764,6 @@ static int loopback_open(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
 	}
 	dpcm->loopback = loopback;
 	dpcm->substream = substream;
-	timer_setup(&dpcm->timer, loopback_timer_function, 0);
 
 	cable = loopback->cables[substream->number][dev];
 	if (!cable) {
@@ -706,9 +774,17 @@ static int loopback_open(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
 		}
 		spin_lock_init(&cable->lock);
 		cable->hw = loopback_pcm_hardware;
+		cable->ops = &loopback_jiffies_timer_ops;
 		loopback->cables[substream->number][dev] = cable;
 	}
 	dpcm->cable = cable;
+	runtime->private_data = dpcm;
+
+	if (cable->ops->open) {
+		err = cable->ops->open(dpcm);
+		if (err < 0)
+			goto unlock;
+	}
 
 	snd_pcm_hw_constraint_integer(runtime, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIODS);
 
@@ -734,7 +810,9 @@ static int loopback_open(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
 	if (err < 0)
 		goto unlock;
 
-	runtime->private_data = dpcm;
+	/* loopback_runtime_free() has not to be called if kfree(dpcm) was
+	 * already called here. Otherwise it will end up with a double free.
+	 */
 	runtime->private_free = loopback_runtime_free;
 	if (get_notify(dpcm))
 		runtime->hw = loopback_pcm_hardware;
@@ -758,12 +836,14 @@ static int loopback_close(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
 {
 	struct loopback *loopback = substream->private_data;
 	struct loopback_pcm *dpcm = substream->runtime->private_data;
+	int err = 0;
 
-	loopback_timer_stop_sync(dpcm);
+	if (dpcm->cable->ops->close_substream)
+		err = dpcm->cable->ops->close_substream(dpcm);
 	mutex_lock(&loopback->cable_lock);
 	free_cable(substream);
 	mutex_unlock(&loopback->cable_lock);
-	return 0;
+	return err;
 }
 
 static const struct snd_pcm_ops loopback_pcm_ops = {
@@ -1086,13 +1166,8 @@ static void print_dpcm_info(struct snd_info_buffer *buffer,
 	snd_iprintf(buffer, "    bytes_per_sec:\t%u\n", dpcm->pcm_bps);
 	snd_iprintf(buffer, "    sample_align:\t%u\n", dpcm->pcm_salign);
 	snd_iprintf(buffer, "    rate_shift:\t\t%u\n", dpcm->pcm_rate_shift);
-	snd_iprintf(buffer, "    update_pending:\t%u\n",
-						dpcm->period_update_pending);
-	snd_iprintf(buffer, "    irq_pos:\t\t%u\n", dpcm->irq_pos);
-	snd_iprintf(buffer, "    period_frac:\t%u\n", dpcm->period_size_frac);
-	snd_iprintf(buffer, "    last_jiffies:\t%lu (%lu)\n",
-					dpcm->last_jiffies, jiffies);
-	snd_iprintf(buffer, "    timer_expires:\t%lu\n", dpcm->timer.expires);
+	if (dpcm->cable->ops->dpcm_info)
+		dpcm->cable->ops->dpcm_info(dpcm, buffer);
 }
 
 static void print_substream_info(struct snd_info_buffer *buffer,
-- 
2.21.0

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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 20+ messages in thread

* [alsa-devel] [PATCH v2 5/8] ALSA: aloop: Rename all jiffies timer specific functions
  2019-11-05 14:32       ` [alsa-devel] [PATCH v2 4/8] ALSA: aloop: Use callback functions for timer specific implementations Andrew Gabbasov
@ 2019-11-05 14:32         ` Andrew Gabbasov
  2019-11-05 14:32           ` [alsa-devel] [PATCH v2 6/8] ALSA: aloop: Move CABLE_VALID_BOTH to the top of file Andrew Gabbasov
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 20+ messages in thread
From: Andrew Gabbasov @ 2019-11-05 14:32 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: alsa-devel, linux-kernel, Jaroslav Kysela, Takashi Iwai,
	Timo Wischer, Andrew Gabbasov

From: Timo Wischer <twischer@de.adit-jv.com>

This commit does not change the behaviour. It only separates the jiffies
timer specific implementation from the generic part.

Signed-off-by: Timo Wischer <twischer@de.adit-jv.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Gabbasov <andrew_gabbasov@mentor.com>
---
 sound/drivers/aloop.c | 28 +++++++++++++++-------------
 1 file changed, 15 insertions(+), 13 deletions(-)

diff --git a/sound/drivers/aloop.c b/sound/drivers/aloop.c
index 92134e9c6ea7..178f7260a650 100644
--- a/sound/drivers/aloop.c
+++ b/sound/drivers/aloop.c
@@ -188,7 +188,7 @@ static inline unsigned int get_rate_shift(struct loopback_pcm *dpcm)
 }
 
 /* call in cable->lock */
-static int loopback_timer_start(struct loopback_pcm *dpcm)
+static int loopback_jiffies_timer_start(struct loopback_pcm *dpcm)
 {
 	unsigned long tick;
 	unsigned int rate_shift = get_rate_shift(dpcm);
@@ -209,7 +209,7 @@ static int loopback_timer_start(struct loopback_pcm *dpcm)
 }
 
 /* call in cable->lock */
-static inline int loopback_timer_stop(struct loopback_pcm *dpcm)
+static inline int loopback_jiffies_timer_stop(struct loopback_pcm *dpcm)
 {
 	del_timer(&dpcm->timer);
 	dpcm->timer.expires = 0;
@@ -217,7 +217,7 @@ static inline int loopback_timer_stop(struct loopback_pcm *dpcm)
 	return 0;
 }
 
-static inline int loopback_timer_stop_sync(struct loopback_pcm *dpcm)
+static inline int loopback_jiffies_timer_stop_sync(struct loopback_pcm *dpcm)
 {
 	del_timer_sync(&dpcm->timer);
 
@@ -502,7 +502,8 @@ static inline void bytepos_finish(struct loopback_pcm *dpcm,
 }
 
 /* call in cable->lock */
-static unsigned int loopback_pos_update(struct loopback_cable *cable)
+static unsigned int loopback_jiffies_timer_pos_update
+		(struct loopback_cable *cable)
 {
 	struct loopback_pcm *dpcm_play =
 			cable->streams[SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK];
@@ -555,14 +556,15 @@ static unsigned int loopback_pos_update(struct loopback_cable *cable)
 	return running;
 }
 
-static void loopback_timer_function(struct timer_list *t)
+static void loopback_jiffies_timer_function(struct timer_list *t)
 {
 	struct loopback_pcm *dpcm = from_timer(dpcm, t, timer);
 	unsigned long flags;
 
 	spin_lock_irqsave(&dpcm->cable->lock, flags);
-	if (loopback_pos_update(dpcm->cable) & (1 << dpcm->substream->stream)) {
-		loopback_timer_start(dpcm);
+	if (loopback_jiffies_timer_pos_update(dpcm->cable) &
+			(1 << dpcm->substream->stream)) {
+		loopback_jiffies_timer_start(dpcm);
 		if (dpcm->period_update_pending) {
 			dpcm->period_update_pending = 0;
 			spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dpcm->cable->lock, flags);
@@ -732,18 +734,18 @@ static void free_cable(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
 
 static int loopback_jiffies_timer_open(struct loopback_pcm *dpcm)
 {
-	timer_setup(&dpcm->timer, loopback_timer_function, 0);
+	timer_setup(&dpcm->timer, loopback_jiffies_timer_function, 0);
 
 	return 0;
 }
 
 static struct loopback_ops loopback_jiffies_timer_ops = {
 	.open = loopback_jiffies_timer_open,
-	.start = loopback_timer_start,
-	.stop = loopback_timer_stop,
-	.stop_sync = loopback_timer_stop_sync,
-	.close_substream = loopback_timer_stop_sync,
-	.pos_update = loopback_pos_update,
+	.start = loopback_jiffies_timer_start,
+	.stop = loopback_jiffies_timer_stop,
+	.stop_sync = loopback_jiffies_timer_stop_sync,
+	.close_substream = loopback_jiffies_timer_stop_sync,
+	.pos_update = loopback_jiffies_timer_pos_update,
 	.dpcm_info = loopback_jiffies_timer_dpcm_info,
 };
 
-- 
2.21.0

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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 20+ messages in thread

* [alsa-devel] [PATCH v2 6/8] ALSA: aloop: Move CABLE_VALID_BOTH to the top of file
  2019-11-05 14:32         ` [alsa-devel] [PATCH v2 5/8] ALSA: aloop: Rename all jiffies timer specific functions Andrew Gabbasov
@ 2019-11-05 14:32           ` Andrew Gabbasov
  2019-11-05 14:32             ` [alsa-devel] [PATCH v2 7/8] ALSA: aloop: Support selection of snd_timer instead of jiffies Andrew Gabbasov
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 20+ messages in thread
From: Andrew Gabbasov @ 2019-11-05 14:32 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: alsa-devel, linux-kernel, Jaroslav Kysela, Takashi Iwai,
	Timo Wischer, Andrew Gabbasov

From: Timo Wischer <twischer@de.adit-jv.com>

so all functions can use the same.

Signed-off-by: Timo Wischer <twischer@de.adit-jv.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Gabbasov <andrew_gabbasov@mentor.com>
---
 sound/drivers/aloop.c | 8 ++++----
 1 file changed, 4 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

diff --git a/sound/drivers/aloop.c b/sound/drivers/aloop.c
index 178f7260a650..313d7ffe6c91 100644
--- a/sound/drivers/aloop.c
+++ b/sound/drivers/aloop.c
@@ -55,6 +55,10 @@ MODULE_PARM_DESC(pcm_notify, "Break capture when PCM format/rate/channels change
 
 #define NO_PITCH 100000
 
+#define CABLE_VALID_PLAYBACK	BIT(SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK)
+#define CABLE_VALID_CAPTURE	BIT(SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE)
+#define CABLE_VALID_BOTH	(CABLE_VALID_PLAYBACK | CABLE_VALID_CAPTURE)
+
 struct loopback_cable;
 struct loopback_pcm;
 
@@ -224,10 +228,6 @@ static inline int loopback_jiffies_timer_stop_sync(struct loopback_pcm *dpcm)
 	return 0;
 }
 
-#define CABLE_VALID_PLAYBACK	(1 << SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK)
-#define CABLE_VALID_CAPTURE	(1 << SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE)
-#define CABLE_VALID_BOTH	(CABLE_VALID_PLAYBACK|CABLE_VALID_CAPTURE)
-
 static int loopback_check_format(struct loopback_cable *cable, int stream)
 {
 	struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime, *cruntime;
-- 
2.21.0

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Alsa-devel@alsa-project.org
https://mailman.alsa-project.org/mailman/listinfo/alsa-devel

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 20+ messages in thread

* [alsa-devel] [PATCH v2 7/8] ALSA: aloop: Support selection of snd_timer instead of jiffies
  2019-11-05 14:32           ` [alsa-devel] [PATCH v2 6/8] ALSA: aloop: Move CABLE_VALID_BOTH to the top of file Andrew Gabbasov
@ 2019-11-05 14:32             ` Andrew Gabbasov
  2019-11-05 14:32               ` [alsa-devel] [PATCH v2 8/8] ALSA: aloop: Support runtime change of snd_timer via info interface Andrew Gabbasov
                                 ` (3 more replies)
  0 siblings, 4 replies; 20+ messages in thread
From: Andrew Gabbasov @ 2019-11-05 14:32 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: alsa-devel, linux-kernel, Jaroslav Kysela, Takashi Iwai,
	Timo Wischer, Andrew Gabbasov

From: Timo Wischer <twischer@de.adit-jv.com>

to do synchronous audio forwarding between hardware sound card and aloop
devices. Such an audio route could look like the following:
Sound card -> Loopback application -> ALSA loop device -> arecord

In this case the loopback device should use the sound timer of the sound
card. Without this patch the loopback application has to implement an
adaptive sample rate converter to align the different clocks of the
different ALSA devices.

The used timer can be selected by referring to a sound card, its device
and subdevice, when loading the module:
  $ modprobe snd_aloop enable=1 timer_source=[<card>[.<dev>[.<subdev>]]]
<card> is the name (id) of the sound card or a card number.
<dev> and <subdev> are device and subdevice numbers (defaults are 0).
Empty string as a value of timer_source= parameter enables previous
functionality (using jiffies timer).

Signed-off-by: Timo Wischer <twischer@de.adit-jv.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Gabbasov <andrew_gabbasov@mentor.com>
---
 sound/drivers/aloop.c | 466 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
 1 file changed, 465 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/sound/drivers/aloop.c b/sound/drivers/aloop.c
index 313d7ffe6c91..6db70ebd46f6 100644
--- a/sound/drivers/aloop.c
+++ b/sound/drivers/aloop.c
@@ -28,6 +28,7 @@
 #include <sound/pcm_params.h>
 #include <sound/info.h>
 #include <sound/initval.h>
+#include <sound/timer.h>
 
 MODULE_AUTHOR("Jaroslav Kysela <perex@perex.cz>");
 MODULE_DESCRIPTION("A loopback soundcard");
@@ -41,6 +42,7 @@ static char *id[SNDRV_CARDS] = SNDRV_DEFAULT_STR;	/* ID for this card */
 static bool enable[SNDRV_CARDS] = {1, [1 ... (SNDRV_CARDS - 1)] = 0};
 static int pcm_substreams[SNDRV_CARDS] = {[0 ... (SNDRV_CARDS - 1)] = 8};
 static int pcm_notify[SNDRV_CARDS];
+static char *timer_source[SNDRV_CARDS];
 
 module_param_array(index, int, NULL, 0444);
 MODULE_PARM_DESC(index, "Index value for loopback soundcard.");
@@ -52,6 +54,8 @@ module_param_array(pcm_substreams, int, NULL, 0444);
 MODULE_PARM_DESC(pcm_substreams, "PCM substreams # (1-8) for loopback driver.");
 module_param_array(pcm_notify, int, NULL, 0444);
 MODULE_PARM_DESC(pcm_notify, "Break capture when PCM format/rate/channels changes.");
+module_param_array(timer_source, charp, NULL, 0444);
+MODULE_PARM_DESC(timer_source, "Sound card name or number and device/subdevice number of timer to be used. Empty string for jiffies timer [default].");
 
 #define NO_PITCH 100000
 
@@ -102,6 +106,13 @@ struct loopback_cable {
 	unsigned int pause;
 	/* timer specific */
 	struct loopback_ops *ops;
+	/* If sound timer is used */
+	struct {
+		int owner;
+		struct snd_timer_id id;
+		struct tasklet_struct event_tasklet;
+		struct snd_timer_instance *instance;
+	} snd_timer;
 };
 
 struct loopback_setup {
@@ -122,6 +133,7 @@ struct loopback {
 	struct loopback_cable *cables[MAX_PCM_SUBSTREAMS][2];
 	struct snd_pcm *pcm[2];
 	struct loopback_setup setup[MAX_PCM_SUBSTREAMS][2];
+	char *timer_source;
 };
 
 struct loopback_pcm {
@@ -145,6 +157,7 @@ struct loopback_pcm {
 	unsigned int period_size_frac;	/* period size in jiffies ticks */
 	unsigned int last_drift;
 	unsigned long last_jiffies;
+	/* If jiffies timer is used */
 	struct timer_list timer;
 };
 
@@ -212,6 +225,34 @@ static int loopback_jiffies_timer_start(struct loopback_pcm *dpcm)
 	return 0;
 }
 
+/* call in cable->lock */
+static int loopback_snd_timer_start(struct loopback_pcm *dpcm)
+{
+	int err;
+
+	/* Loopback device has to use same period as timer card. Therefore
+	 * wake up for each snd_pcm_period_elapsed() call of timer card.
+	 */
+	err = snd_timer_start(dpcm->cable->snd_timer.instance, 1);
+	if (err < 0) {
+		/* do not report error if trying to start but already
+		 * running. For example called by opposite substream
+		 * of the same cable
+		 */
+		if (err == -EBUSY)
+			return 0;
+
+		pcm_err(dpcm->substream->pcm,
+			"snd_timer_start(%d,%d,%d) failed with %d",
+			dpcm->cable->snd_timer.id.card,
+			dpcm->cable->snd_timer.id.device,
+			dpcm->cable->snd_timer.id.subdevice,
+			err);
+	}
+
+	return err;
+}
+
 /* call in cable->lock */
 static inline int loopback_jiffies_timer_stop(struct loopback_pcm *dpcm)
 {
@@ -221,6 +262,28 @@ static inline int loopback_jiffies_timer_stop(struct loopback_pcm *dpcm)
 	return 0;
 }
 
+/* call in cable->lock */
+static int loopback_snd_timer_stop(struct loopback_pcm *dpcm)
+{
+	int err;
+
+	/* only stop if both devices (playback and capture) are not running */
+	if (dpcm->cable->running)
+		return 0;
+
+	err = snd_timer_stop(dpcm->cable->snd_timer.instance);
+	if (err < 0) {
+		pcm_err(dpcm->substream->pcm,
+			"snd_timer_stop(%d,%d,%d) failed with %d",
+			dpcm->cable->snd_timer.id.card,
+			dpcm->cable->snd_timer.id.device,
+			dpcm->cable->snd_timer.id.subdevice,
+			err);
+	}
+
+	return err;
+}
+
 static inline int loopback_jiffies_timer_stop_sync(struct loopback_pcm *dpcm)
 {
 	del_timer_sync(&dpcm->timer);
@@ -228,6 +291,37 @@ static inline int loopback_jiffies_timer_stop_sync(struct loopback_pcm *dpcm)
 	return 0;
 }
 
+/* call in loopback->cable_lock */
+static int loopback_snd_timer_close_cable(struct loopback_pcm *dpcm)
+{
+	int err;
+
+	/* snd_timer was not opened */
+	if (!dpcm->cable->snd_timer.instance)
+		return 0;
+
+	/* wait till drain tasklet has finished if requested */
+	tasklet_kill(&dpcm->cable->snd_timer.event_tasklet);
+
+	/* will only be called from free_cable() when other stream was
+	 * already closed. Other stream cannot be reopened as long as
+	 * loopback->cable_lock is locked. Therefore no need to lock
+	 * cable->lock;
+	 */
+	err = snd_timer_close(dpcm->cable->snd_timer.instance);
+	if (err < 0) {
+		pcm_err(dpcm->substream->pcm,
+			"snd_timer_close(%d,%d,%d) failed with %d",
+			dpcm->cable->snd_timer.id.card,
+			dpcm->cable->snd_timer.id.device,
+			dpcm->cable->snd_timer.id.subdevice,
+			err);
+	}
+	memset(&dpcm->cable->snd_timer, 0, sizeof(dpcm->cable->snd_timer));
+
+	return err;
+}
+
 static int loopback_check_format(struct loopback_cable *cable, int stream)
 {
 	struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime, *cruntime;
@@ -353,6 +447,13 @@ static void params_change(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
 	cable->hw.rate_max = runtime->rate;
 	cable->hw.channels_min = runtime->channels;
 	cable->hw.channels_max = runtime->channels;
+
+	if (cable->snd_timer.instance) {
+		cable->hw.period_bytes_min =
+				frames_to_bytes(runtime, runtime->period_size);
+		cable->hw.period_bytes_max = cable->hw.period_bytes_min;
+	}
+
 }
 
 static int loopback_prepare(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
@@ -576,6 +677,164 @@ static void loopback_jiffies_timer_function(struct timer_list *t)
 	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dpcm->cable->lock, flags);
 }
 
+/* call in cable->lock */
+static int loopback_snd_timer_check_resolution(struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime,
+					       unsigned long resolution)
+{
+	if (resolution != runtime->timer_resolution) {
+		struct loopback_pcm *dpcm = runtime->private_data;
+		struct loopback_cable *cable = dpcm->cable;
+		/* Worst case estimation of possible values for resolution
+		 * resolution <= (512 * 1024) frames / 8kHz in nsec
+		 * resolution <= 65.536.000.000 nsec
+		 *
+		 * period_size <= 65.536.000.000 nsec / 1000nsec/usec * 192kHz +
+		 *  500.000
+		 * period_size <= 12.582.912.000.000  <64bit
+		 *  / 1.000.000 usec/sec
+		 */
+		const snd_pcm_uframes_t period_size_usec = resolution / 1000 *
+				runtime->rate;
+		/* round to nearest sample rate */
+		const snd_pcm_uframes_t period_size = (period_size_usec + 500 *
+						       1000) / (1000 * 1000);
+
+		pcm_err(dpcm->substream->pcm,
+			"Period size (%lu frames) of loopback device is not corresponding to timer resolution (%lu nsec = %lu frames) of card timer %d,%d,%d. Use period size of %lu frames for loopback device.",
+			runtime->period_size, resolution, period_size,
+			cable->snd_timer.id.card,
+			cable->snd_timer.id.device,
+			cable->snd_timer.id.subdevice,
+			period_size);
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static void loopback_snd_timer_period_elapsed(
+		struct loopback_cable * const cable,
+		const int event, const unsigned long resolution)
+{
+	struct loopback_pcm *dpcm_play =
+			cable->streams[SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK];
+	struct loopback_pcm *dpcm_capt =
+			cable->streams[SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE];
+	struct snd_pcm_runtime *valid_runtime;
+	unsigned int running, elapsed_bytes;
+	unsigned long flags;
+
+	spin_lock_irqsave(&cable->lock, flags);
+	running = cable->running ^ cable->pause;
+	/* no need to do anything if no stream is running */
+	if (!running) {
+		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&cable->lock, flags);
+		return;
+	}
+
+	if (event == SNDRV_TIMER_EVENT_MSTOP) {
+		if (!dpcm_play || !dpcm_play->substream ||
+		    !dpcm_play->substream->runtime ||
+		    !dpcm_play->substream->runtime->status ||
+		    dpcm_play->substream->runtime->status->state !=
+		    SNDRV_PCM_STATE_DRAINING) {
+			spin_unlock_irqrestore(&cable->lock, flags);
+			return;
+		}
+	}
+
+	valid_runtime = (running & (1 << SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK)) ?
+				dpcm_play->substream->runtime :
+				dpcm_capt->substream->runtime;
+
+	/* resolution is only valid for SNDRV_TIMER_EVENT_TICK events */
+	if (event == SNDRV_TIMER_EVENT_TICK) {
+		/* The hardware rules guarantee that playback and capture period
+		 * are the same. Therefore only one device has to be checked
+		 * here.
+		 */
+		if (loopback_snd_timer_check_resolution(valid_runtime,
+							resolution) < 0) {
+			spin_unlock_irqrestore(&cable->lock, flags);
+			if (cable->running & (1 << SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK))
+				snd_pcm_stop_xrun(dpcm_play->substream);
+			if (cable->running & (1 << SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE))
+				snd_pcm_stop_xrun(dpcm_capt->substream);
+			return;
+		}
+	}
+
+	elapsed_bytes = frames_to_bytes(valid_runtime,
+					valid_runtime->period_size);
+	/* The same timer interrupt is used for playback and capture device */
+	if ((running & (1 << SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK)) &&
+	    (running & (1 << SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE))) {
+		copy_play_buf(dpcm_play, dpcm_capt, elapsed_bytes);
+		bytepos_finish(dpcm_play, elapsed_bytes);
+		bytepos_finish(dpcm_capt, elapsed_bytes);
+	} else if (running & (1 << SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK)) {
+		bytepos_finish(dpcm_play, elapsed_bytes);
+	} else if (running & (1 << SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE)) {
+		clear_capture_buf(dpcm_capt, elapsed_bytes);
+		bytepos_finish(dpcm_capt, elapsed_bytes);
+	}
+	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&cable->lock, flags);
+
+	if (running & (1 << SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK))
+		snd_pcm_period_elapsed(dpcm_play->substream);
+	if (running & (1 << SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE))
+		snd_pcm_period_elapsed(dpcm_capt->substream);
+}
+
+static void loopback_snd_timer_function(struct snd_timer_instance *timeri,
+					unsigned long resolution,
+					unsigned long ticks)
+{
+	struct loopback_cable *cable = timeri->callback_data;
+
+	loopback_snd_timer_period_elapsed(cable, SNDRV_TIMER_EVENT_TICK,
+					  resolution);
+}
+
+static void loopback_snd_timer_tasklet(unsigned long arg)
+{
+	struct snd_timer_instance *timeri = (struct snd_timer_instance *)arg;
+	struct loopback_cable *cable = timeri->callback_data;
+
+	loopback_snd_timer_period_elapsed(cable, SNDRV_TIMER_EVENT_MSTOP, 0);
+}
+
+static void loopback_snd_timer_event(struct snd_timer_instance * const timeri,
+				     const int event,
+				     struct timespec * const tstamp,
+				     const unsigned long resolution)
+{
+	/* Do not lock cable->lock here because timer->lock is already hold.
+	 * There are other functions which first lock cable->lock and than
+	 * timer->lock e.g.
+	 * loopback_trigger()
+	 * spin_lock(&cable->lock)
+	 * loopback_snd_timer_start()
+	 * snd_timer_start()
+	 * spin_lock(&timer->lock)
+	 * Therefore when using the oposit order of locks here it could result
+	 * in a deadlock.
+	 */
+
+	if (event == SNDRV_TIMER_EVENT_MSTOP) {
+		struct loopback_cable *cable = timeri->callback_data;
+
+		/* sound card of the timer was stopped. Therefore there will not
+		 * be any further timer callbacks. Due to this forward audio
+		 * data from here if in draining state. When still in running
+		 * state the streaming will be aborted by the usual timeout. It
+		 * should not be aborted here because may be the timer sound
+		 * card does only a recovery and the timer is back soon.
+		 * This tasklet triggers loopback_snd_timer_tasklet()
+		 */
+		tasklet_schedule(&cable->snd_timer.event_tasklet);
+	}
+}
+
 static void loopback_jiffies_timer_dpcm_info(struct loopback_pcm *dpcm,
 					     struct snd_info_buffer *buffer)
 {
@@ -588,6 +847,18 @@ static void loopback_jiffies_timer_dpcm_info(struct loopback_pcm *dpcm,
 	snd_iprintf(buffer, "    timer_expires:\t%lu\n", dpcm->timer.expires);
 }
 
+static void loopback_snd_timer_dpcm_info(struct loopback_pcm *dpcm,
+					 struct snd_info_buffer *buffer)
+{
+	snd_iprintf(buffer, "    sound timer:\thw:%d,%d,%d\n",
+		    dpcm->cable->snd_timer.id.card,
+		    dpcm->cable->snd_timer.id.device,
+		    dpcm->cable->snd_timer.id.subdevice);
+	snd_iprintf(buffer, "    owner:\t\t%s\n",
+		    (dpcm->cable->snd_timer.owner == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE) ?
+			    "capture" : "playback");
+}
+
 static snd_pcm_uframes_t loopback_pointer(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
 {
 	struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
@@ -707,6 +978,23 @@ static int rule_channels(struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params,
 	return snd_interval_refine(hw_param_interval(params, rule->var), &t);
 }
 
+static int rule_period_bytes(struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params,
+			     struct snd_pcm_hw_rule *rule)
+{
+	struct loopback_pcm *dpcm = rule->private;
+	struct loopback_cable *cable = dpcm->cable;
+	struct snd_interval t;
+
+	mutex_lock(&dpcm->loopback->cable_lock);
+	t.min = cable->hw.period_bytes_min;
+	t.max = cable->hw.period_bytes_max;
+	mutex_unlock(&dpcm->loopback->cable_lock);
+	t.openmin = 0;
+	t.openmax = 0;
+	t.integer = 0;
+	return snd_interval_refine(hw_param_interval(params, rule->var), &t);
+}
+
 static void free_cable(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
 {
 	struct loopback *loopback = substream->private_data;
@@ -749,6 +1037,152 @@ static struct loopback_ops loopback_jiffies_timer_ops = {
 	.dpcm_info = loopback_jiffies_timer_dpcm_info,
 };
 
+static int loopback_parse_timer_id(const char * const str,
+				   struct snd_timer_id *tid)
+{
+	/* [<pref>:](<card name>|<card idx>)[{.,}<dev idx>[{.,}<subdev idx>]] */
+	const char * const sep_dev = ".,";
+	const char * const sep_pref = ":";
+	const char *name = str;
+	char save, *sep;
+	int card = 0, device = 0, subdevice = 0;
+	int err;
+
+	sep = strpbrk(str, sep_pref);
+	if (sep)
+		name = sep + 1;
+	sep = strpbrk(name, sep_dev);
+	if (sep) {
+		save = *sep;
+		*sep = '\0';
+	}
+	err = kstrtoint(name, 0, &card);
+	if (err == -EINVAL) {
+		/* Must be the name, not number */
+		for (card = 0; card < snd_ecards_limit; card++) {
+			if (snd_cards[card] &&
+			    !strcmp(snd_cards[card]->id, name)) {
+				err = 0;
+				break;
+			}
+		}
+	}
+	if (!err && sep) {
+		char save2, *sep2;
+		sep2 = strpbrk(sep + 1, sep_dev);
+		if (sep2) {
+			save2 = *sep2;
+			*sep2 = '\0';
+		}
+		err = kstrtoint(sep + 1, 0, &device);
+		if (!err && sep2) {
+			err = kstrtoint(sep2 + 1, 0, &subdevice);
+		}
+		if (sep2)
+			*sep2 = save2;
+	}
+	if (!err && tid) {
+		tid->card = card;
+		tid->device = device;
+		tid->subdevice = subdevice;
+	}
+	if (sep)
+		*sep = save;
+	return err;
+}
+
+/* call in loopback->cable_lock */
+static int loopback_snd_timer_open(struct loopback_pcm *dpcm)
+{
+	int err = 0;
+	unsigned long flags;
+	struct snd_timer_id tid = {
+		.dev_class = SNDRV_TIMER_CLASS_PCM,
+		.dev_sclass = SNDRV_TIMER_SCLASS_APPLICATION,
+	};
+	struct snd_timer_instance *timer = NULL;
+
+	spin_lock_irqsave(&dpcm->cable->lock, flags);
+
+	/* check if timer was already opened. It is only opened once
+	 * per playback and capture subdevice (aka cable).
+	 */
+	if (dpcm->cable->snd_timer.instance)
+		goto unlock;
+
+	err = loopback_parse_timer_id(dpcm->loopback->timer_source, &tid);
+	if (err < 0) {
+		pcm_err(dpcm->substream->pcm,
+			"Parsing timer source \'%s\' failed with %d",
+			dpcm->loopback->timer_source, err);
+		goto unlock;
+	}
+
+	dpcm->cable->snd_timer.owner = dpcm->substream->stream;
+	dpcm->cable->snd_timer.id = tid;
+
+	/* snd_timer_close() and snd_timer_open() should not be called with
+	 * locked spinlock because both functions can block on a mutex. The
+	 * mutex loopback->cable_lock is kept locked. Therefore snd_timer_open()
+	 * cannot be called a second time by the other device of the same cable.
+	 * Therefore the following issue cannot happen:
+	 * [proc1] Call loopback_timer_open() ->
+	 *	   Unlock cable->lock for snd_timer_close/open() call
+	 * [proc2] Call loopback_timer_open() -> snd_timer_open(),
+	 *	   snd_timer_start()
+	 * [proc1] Call snd_timer_open() and overwrite running timer
+	 *	   instance
+	 */
+	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dpcm->cable->lock, flags);
+	err = snd_timer_open(&timer, dpcm->loopback->card->id,
+			     &dpcm->cable->snd_timer.id,
+			     current->pid);
+	if (err < 0) {
+		pcm_err(dpcm->substream->pcm,
+			"snd_timer_open (%d,%d,%d) failed with %d",
+			dpcm->cable->snd_timer.id.card,
+			dpcm->cable->snd_timer.id.device,
+			dpcm->cable->snd_timer.id.subdevice,
+			err);
+		return err;
+	}
+	spin_lock_irqsave(&dpcm->cable->lock, flags);
+
+	/* The callback has to be called from another tasklet. If
+	 * SNDRV_TIMER_IFLG_FAST is specified it will be called from the
+	 * snd_pcm_period_elapsed() call of the selected sound card.
+	 * snd_pcm_period_elapsed() helds snd_pcm_stream_lock_irqsave().
+	 * Due to our callback loopback_snd_timer_function() also calls
+	 * snd_pcm_period_elapsed() which calls snd_pcm_stream_lock_irqsave().
+	 * This would end up in a dead lock.
+	 */
+	timer->flags |= SNDRV_TIMER_IFLG_AUTO;
+	timer->callback = loopback_snd_timer_function;
+	timer->callback_data = (void *)dpcm->cable;
+	timer->ccallback = loopback_snd_timer_event;
+	dpcm->cable->snd_timer.instance = timer;
+
+	/* initialise a tasklet used for draining */
+	tasklet_init(&dpcm->cable->snd_timer.event_tasklet,
+		     loopback_snd_timer_tasklet, (unsigned long)timer);
+
+unlock:
+	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dpcm->cable->lock, flags);
+
+	return err;
+}
+
+/* stop_sync() is not required for sound timer because it does not need to be
+ * restarted in loopback_prepare() on Xrun recovery
+ */
+static struct loopback_ops loopback_snd_timer_ops = {
+	.open = loopback_snd_timer_open,
+	.start = loopback_snd_timer_start,
+	.stop = loopback_snd_timer_stop,
+	.close_cable = loopback_snd_timer_close_cable,
+	.dpcm_info = loopback_snd_timer_dpcm_info,
+};
+
 static int loopback_open(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
 {
 	struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
@@ -776,7 +1210,10 @@ static int loopback_open(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
 		}
 		spin_lock_init(&cable->lock);
 		cable->hw = loopback_pcm_hardware;
-		cable->ops = &loopback_jiffies_timer_ops;
+		if (loopback->timer_source)
+			cable->ops = &loopback_snd_timer_ops;
+		else
+			cable->ops = &loopback_jiffies_timer_ops;
 		loopback->cables[substream->number][dev] = cable;
 	}
 	dpcm->cable = cable;
@@ -812,6 +1249,19 @@ static int loopback_open(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
 	if (err < 0)
 		goto unlock;
 
+	/* In case of sound timer the period time of both devices of the same
+	 * loop has to be the same.
+	 * This rule only takes effect if a sound timer was chosen
+	 */
+	if (cable->snd_timer.instance) {
+		err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0,
+					  SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_BYTES,
+					  rule_period_bytes, dpcm,
+					  SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_BYTES, -1);
+		if (err < 0)
+			goto unlock;
+	}
+
 	/* loopback_runtime_free() has not to be called if kfree(dpcm) was
 	 * already called here. Otherwise it will end up with a double free.
 	 */
@@ -1214,6 +1664,18 @@ static int loopback_proc_new(struct loopback *loopback, int cidx)
 				    print_cable_info);
 }
 
+static void loopback_set_timer_source(struct loopback *loopback,
+				      const char *value)
+{
+	if (loopback->timer_source) {
+		devm_kfree(loopback->card->dev, loopback->timer_source);
+		loopback->timer_source = NULL;
+	}
+	if (value && *value)
+		loopback->timer_source = devm_kstrdup(loopback->card->dev,
+						      value, GFP_KERNEL);
+}
+
 static int loopback_probe(struct platform_device *devptr)
 {
 	struct snd_card *card;
@@ -1233,6 +1695,8 @@ static int loopback_probe(struct platform_device *devptr)
 		pcm_substreams[dev] = MAX_PCM_SUBSTREAMS;
 	
 	loopback->card = card;
+	loopback_set_timer_source(loopback, timer_source[dev]);
+
 	mutex_init(&loopback->cable_lock);
 
 	err = loopback_pcm_new(loopback, 0, pcm_substreams[dev]);
-- 
2.21.0

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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 20+ messages in thread

* [alsa-devel] [PATCH v2 8/8] ALSA: aloop: Support runtime change of snd_timer via info interface
  2019-11-05 14:32             ` [alsa-devel] [PATCH v2 7/8] ALSA: aloop: Support selection of snd_timer instead of jiffies Andrew Gabbasov
@ 2019-11-05 14:32               ` Andrew Gabbasov
  2019-11-07  8:06                 ` Takashi Iwai
  2019-11-06  0:43               ` [alsa-devel] [PATCH v2 7/8] ALSA: aloop: Support selection of snd_timer instead of jiffies kbuild test robot
                                 ` (2 subsequent siblings)
  3 siblings, 1 reply; 20+ messages in thread
From: Andrew Gabbasov @ 2019-11-05 14:32 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: alsa-devel, linux-kernel, Jaroslav Kysela, Takashi Iwai,
	Timo Wischer, Andrew Gabbasov

Show and change sound card timer source with read-write info
file in proc filesystem. Initial string can still be set as
module parameter.

The timer source string value can be changed at any time,
but it is latched by PCM substream open callback (the first one
for a particular cable). At this point it is actually used, that
is the string is parsed, and the timer is looked up and opened.

The timer source is set for a loopback card (the same as initial
setting by module parameter), but every cable uses the value,
current at the moment of open.

Setting the value to empty string switches the timer to jiffies.

Signed-off-by: Andrew Gabbasov <andrew_gabbasov@mentor.com>
---
 sound/drivers/aloop.c | 41 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
 1 file changed, 38 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/sound/drivers/aloop.c b/sound/drivers/aloop.c
index 6db70ebd46f6..16444a34d4b9 100644
--- a/sound/drivers/aloop.c
+++ b/sound/drivers/aloop.c
@@ -1655,7 +1655,7 @@ static void print_cable_info(struct snd_info_entry *entry,
 	mutex_unlock(&loopback->cable_lock);
 }
 
-static int loopback_proc_new(struct loopback *loopback, int cidx)
+static int loopback_cable_proc_new(struct loopback *loopback, int cidx)
 {
 	char name[32];
 
@@ -1676,6 +1676,40 @@ static void loopback_set_timer_source(struct loopback *loopback,
 						      value, GFP_KERNEL);
 }
 
+static void print_timer_source_info(struct snd_info_entry *entry,
+				    struct snd_info_buffer *buffer)
+{
+	struct loopback *loopback = entry->private_data;
+
+	snd_iprintf(buffer, "%s\n",
+		    loopback->timer_source ? loopback->timer_source : "");
+}
+
+static void change_timer_source_info(struct snd_info_entry *entry,
+				     struct snd_info_buffer *buffer)
+{
+	struct loopback *loopback = entry->private_data;
+	char line[64];
+
+	if (!snd_info_get_line(buffer, line, sizeof(line)))
+		loopback_set_timer_source(loopback, strim(line));
+}
+
+static int loopback_timer_source_proc_new(struct loopback *loopback)
+{
+	struct snd_info_entry *entry;
+	int err;
+
+	err = snd_card_proc_new(loopback->card, "timer_source", &entry);
+	if (err < 0)
+		return err;
+
+	snd_info_set_text_ops(entry, loopback, print_timer_source_info);
+	entry->mode |= S_IWUSR;
+	entry->c.text.write = change_timer_source_info;
+	return 0;
+}
+
 static int loopback_probe(struct platform_device *devptr)
 {
 	struct snd_card *card;
@@ -1708,8 +1742,9 @@ static int loopback_probe(struct platform_device *devptr)
 	err = loopback_mixer_new(loopback, pcm_notify[dev] ? 1 : 0);
 	if (err < 0)
 		goto __nodev;
-	loopback_proc_new(loopback, 0);
-	loopback_proc_new(loopback, 1);
+	loopback_cable_proc_new(loopback, 0);
+	loopback_cable_proc_new(loopback, 1);
+	loopback_timer_source_proc_new(loopback);
 	strcpy(card->driver, "Loopback");
 	strcpy(card->shortname, "Loopback");
 	sprintf(card->longname, "Loopback %i", dev + 1);
-- 
2.21.0

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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 20+ messages in thread

* Re: [alsa-devel] [PATCH v2 7/8] ALSA: aloop: Support selection of snd_timer instead of jiffies
  2019-11-05 14:32             ` [alsa-devel] [PATCH v2 7/8] ALSA: aloop: Support selection of snd_timer instead of jiffies Andrew Gabbasov
  2019-11-05 14:32               ` [alsa-devel] [PATCH v2 8/8] ALSA: aloop: Support runtime change of snd_timer via info interface Andrew Gabbasov
@ 2019-11-06  0:43               ` kbuild test robot
  2019-11-06 21:25               ` kbuild test robot
  2019-11-07  8:05               ` Takashi Iwai
  3 siblings, 0 replies; 20+ messages in thread
From: kbuild test robot @ 2019-11-06  0:43 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Andrew Gabbasov
  Cc: Timo Wischer, alsa-devel, Andrew Gabbasov, kbuild-all,
	Takashi Iwai, linux-kernel

[-- Attachment #1: Type: text/plain, Size: 3184 bytes --]

Hi Andrew,

Thank you for the patch! Yet something to improve:

[auto build test ERROR on sound/for-next]
[also build test ERROR on v5.4-rc6 next-20191105]
[if your patch is applied to the wrong git tree, please drop us a note to help
improve the system. BTW, we also suggest to use '--base' option to specify the
base tree in git format-patch, please see https://stackoverflow.com/a/37406982]

url:    https://github.com/0day-ci/linux/commits/Andrew-Gabbasov/ALSA-aloop-Support-sound-timer-as-clock-source-instead-of-jiffies/20191106-073459
base:   https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tiwai/sound.git for-next
config: sh-allmodconfig (attached as .config)
compiler: sh4-linux-gcc (GCC) 7.4.0
reproduce:
        wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/intel/lkp-tests/master/sbin/make.cross -O ~/bin/make.cross
        chmod +x ~/bin/make.cross
        # save the attached .config to linux build tree
        GCC_VERSION=7.4.0 make.cross ARCH=sh 

If you fix the issue, kindly add following tag
Reported-by: kbuild test robot <lkp@intel.com>

All errors (new ones prefixed by >>):

   sound/drivers/aloop.c: In function 'loopback_parse_timer_id':
>> sound/drivers/aloop.c:1063:8: error: 'snd_cards' undeclared (first use in this function); did you mean 'snd_card'?
       if (snd_cards[card] &&
           ^~~~~~~~~
           snd_card
   sound/drivers/aloop.c:1063:8: note: each undeclared identifier is reported only once for each function it appears in

vim +1063 sound/drivers/aloop.c

  1039	
  1040	static int loopback_parse_timer_id(const char * const str,
  1041					   struct snd_timer_id *tid)
  1042	{
  1043		/* [<pref>:](<card name>|<card idx>)[{.,}<dev idx>[{.,}<subdev idx>]] */
  1044		const char * const sep_dev = ".,";
  1045		const char * const sep_pref = ":";
  1046		const char *name = str;
  1047		char save, *sep;
  1048		int card = 0, device = 0, subdevice = 0;
  1049		int err;
  1050	
  1051		sep = strpbrk(str, sep_pref);
  1052		if (sep)
  1053			name = sep + 1;
  1054		sep = strpbrk(name, sep_dev);
  1055		if (sep) {
  1056			save = *sep;
  1057			*sep = '\0';
  1058		}
  1059		err = kstrtoint(name, 0, &card);
  1060		if (err == -EINVAL) {
  1061			/* Must be the name, not number */
  1062			for (card = 0; card < snd_ecards_limit; card++) {
> 1063				if (snd_cards[card] &&
  1064				    !strcmp(snd_cards[card]->id, name)) {
  1065					err = 0;
  1066					break;
  1067				}
  1068			}
  1069		}
  1070		if (!err && sep) {
  1071			char save2, *sep2;
  1072			sep2 = strpbrk(sep + 1, sep_dev);
  1073			if (sep2) {
  1074				save2 = *sep2;
  1075				*sep2 = '\0';
  1076			}
  1077			err = kstrtoint(sep + 1, 0, &device);
  1078			if (!err && sep2) {
  1079				err = kstrtoint(sep2 + 1, 0, &subdevice);
  1080			}
  1081			if (sep2)
  1082				*sep2 = save2;
  1083		}
  1084		if (!err && tid) {
  1085			tid->card = card;
  1086			tid->device = device;
  1087			tid->subdevice = subdevice;
  1088		}
  1089		if (sep)
  1090			*sep = save;
  1091		return err;
  1092	}
  1093	

---
0-DAY kernel test infrastructure                Open Source Technology Center
https://lists.01.org/pipermail/kbuild-all                   Intel Corporation

[-- Attachment #2: .config.gz --]
[-- Type: application/gzip, Size: 52246 bytes --]

[-- Attachment #3: Type: text/plain, Size: 161 bytes --]

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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 20+ messages in thread

* Re: [alsa-devel] [PATCH v2 2/8] ALSA: aloop: loopback_timer_start: Support return of error code
  2019-11-05 14:32   ` [alsa-devel] [PATCH v2 2/8] ALSA: aloop: loopback_timer_start: Support return of error code Andrew Gabbasov
  2019-11-05 14:32     ` [alsa-devel] [PATCH v2 3/8] ALSA: aloop: loopback_timer_stop: " Andrew Gabbasov
@ 2019-11-06 15:50     ` " Takashi Iwai
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 20+ messages in thread
From: Takashi Iwai @ 2019-11-06 15:50 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Andrew Gabbasov; +Cc: Timo Wischer, alsa-devel, Takashi Iwai, linux-kernel

On Tue, 05 Nov 2019 15:32:12 +0100,
Andrew Gabbasov wrote:
> 
> @@ -264,7 +266,7 @@ static int loopback_trigger(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int cmd)
>  		spin_lock(&cable->lock);	
>  		cable->running |= stream;
>  		cable->pause &= ~stream;
> -		loopback_timer_start(dpcm);
> +		err = loopback_timer_start(dpcm);
>  		spin_unlock(&cable->lock);
>  		if (substream->stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK)
>  			loopback_active_notify(dpcm);

Will we notify even if the start/stop fails?


thanks,

Takashi
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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 20+ messages in thread

* Re: [alsa-devel] [PATCH v2 3/8] ALSA: aloop: loopback_timer_stop: Support return of error code
  2019-11-05 14:32     ` [alsa-devel] [PATCH v2 3/8] ALSA: aloop: loopback_timer_stop: " Andrew Gabbasov
  2019-11-05 14:32       ` [alsa-devel] [PATCH v2 4/8] ALSA: aloop: Use callback functions for timer specific implementations Andrew Gabbasov
@ 2019-11-06 15:51       ` Takashi Iwai
  2019-11-06 17:45         ` Andrew Gabbasov
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 20+ messages in thread
From: Takashi Iwai @ 2019-11-06 15:51 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Andrew Gabbasov; +Cc: Timo Wischer, alsa-devel, Takashi Iwai, linux-kernel

On Tue, 05 Nov 2019 15:32:13 +0100,
Andrew Gabbasov wrote:
> 
> From: Timo Wischer <twischer@de.adit-jv.com>
> 
> This is required for additional timer implementations which could detect
> errors and want to throw them.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Timo Wischer <twischer@de.adit-jv.com>
> Signed-off-by: Andrew Gabbasov <andrew_gabbasov@mentor.com>

I'd fold this into the patch 2.  Both patches do fairly same things
but just for start and stop.

And the same question as patch#2 is applied to this one, too, BTW.


thanks,

Takashi
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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 20+ messages in thread

* Re: [alsa-devel] [PATCH v2 3/8] ALSA: aloop: loopback_timer_stop: Support return of error code
  2019-11-06 15:51       ` [alsa-devel] [PATCH v2 3/8] ALSA: aloop: loopback_timer_stop: Support return of error code Takashi Iwai
@ 2019-11-06 17:45         ` Andrew Gabbasov
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 20+ messages in thread
From: Andrew Gabbasov @ 2019-11-06 17:45 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Takashi Iwai; +Cc: Timo Wischer, alsa-devel, Takashi Iwai, linux-kernel


Thank you very much for your response.

> From: Takashi Iwai <tiwai@suse.de>
> Sent: Wednesday, November 6, 2019 18:51
> 
> On Tue, 05 Nov 2019 15:32:13 +0100,
> Andrew Gabbasov wrote:
> >
> > From: Timo Wischer <twischer@de.adit-jv.com>
> >
> > This is required for additional timer implementations which could detect
> > errors and want to throw them.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Timo Wischer <twischer@de.adit-jv.com>
> > Signed-off-by: Andrew Gabbasov <andrew_gabbasov@mentor.com>
> 
> I'd fold this into the patch 2.  Both patches do fairly same things
> but just for start and stop.

OK, I agree. I'll squash these 2 commits into a single one in the next
update (there will be an update for sure to fix the snd_cards reference
in patch #7).

> 
> And the same question as patch#2 is applied to this one, too, BTW.

As for the notifications in case of timer operation failures:

For stop/suspend operations, the return code of the timer operation,
and of the PCM trigger function as a whole, actually makes no difference,
the streams state is changed anyway, so the notification should be done
in any case.

For start/resume operations, it seems OK to send notifications
even if the timer operation fails, if the cable->running and cable->pause
fields are set before that (as is now), so that the notified control
reflects the changed state. In case of failure the whole operation
will be un-done by upper PCM layer, changing the state back,
and sending one more notifcation.

Alternatively, we could re-order the code and do not set the running
fields if timer operation fails (and do not notify in this case).
But the undoing stop operation will be executed in this case
that will cause the (unpaired) notification, which is probably
not quite correct.

Thanks.

Best regards,
Andrew

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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 20+ messages in thread

* Re: [alsa-devel] [PATCH v2 7/8] ALSA: aloop: Support selection of snd_timer instead of jiffies
  2019-11-05 14:32             ` [alsa-devel] [PATCH v2 7/8] ALSA: aloop: Support selection of snd_timer instead of jiffies Andrew Gabbasov
  2019-11-05 14:32               ` [alsa-devel] [PATCH v2 8/8] ALSA: aloop: Support runtime change of snd_timer via info interface Andrew Gabbasov
  2019-11-06  0:43               ` [alsa-devel] [PATCH v2 7/8] ALSA: aloop: Support selection of snd_timer instead of jiffies kbuild test robot
@ 2019-11-06 21:25               ` kbuild test robot
  2019-11-07  8:05               ` Takashi Iwai
  3 siblings, 0 replies; 20+ messages in thread
From: kbuild test robot @ 2019-11-06 21:25 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Andrew Gabbasov
  Cc: Timo Wischer, alsa-devel, Andrew Gabbasov, kbuild-all,
	Takashi Iwai, linux-kernel

[-- Attachment #1: Type: text/plain, Size: 3858 bytes --]

Hi Andrew,

Thank you for the patch! Perhaps something to improve:

[auto build test WARNING on sound/for-next]
[also build test WARNING on v5.4-rc6 next-20191106]
[if your patch is applied to the wrong git tree, please drop us a note to help
improve the system. BTW, we also suggest to use '--base' option to specify the
base tree in git format-patch, please see https://stackoverflow.com/a/37406982]

url:    https://github.com/0day-ci/linux/commits/Andrew-Gabbasov/ALSA-aloop-Support-sound-timer-as-clock-source-instead-of-jiffies/20191106-073459
base:   https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tiwai/sound.git for-next
config: i386-randconfig-c004-201944 (attached as .config)
compiler: gcc-7 (Debian 7.4.0-14) 7.4.0
reproduce:
        # save the attached .config to linux build tree
        make ARCH=i386 

If you fix the issue, kindly add following tag
Reported-by: kbuild test robot <lkp@intel.com>

All warnings (new ones prefixed by >>):

   In file included from include/linux/init.h:5:0,
                    from sound/drivers/aloop.c:18:
   sound/drivers/aloop.c: In function 'loopback_parse_timer_id':
   sound/drivers/aloop.c:1063:8: error: 'snd_cards' undeclared (first use in this function); did you mean 'snd_card'?
       if (snd_cards[card] &&
           ^
   include/linux/compiler.h:58:52: note: in definition of macro '__trace_if_var'
    #define __trace_if_var(cond) (__builtin_constant_p(cond) ? (cond) : __trace_if_value(cond))
                                                       ^~~~
>> sound/drivers/aloop.c:1063:4: note: in expansion of macro 'if'
       if (snd_cards[card] &&
       ^~
   sound/drivers/aloop.c:1063:8: note: each undeclared identifier is reported only once for each function it appears in
       if (snd_cards[card] &&
           ^
   include/linux/compiler.h:58:52: note: in definition of macro '__trace_if_var'
    #define __trace_if_var(cond) (__builtin_constant_p(cond) ? (cond) : __trace_if_value(cond))
                                                       ^~~~
>> sound/drivers/aloop.c:1063:4: note: in expansion of macro 'if'
       if (snd_cards[card] &&
       ^~

vim +/if +1063 sound/drivers/aloop.c

  1039	
  1040	static int loopback_parse_timer_id(const char * const str,
  1041					   struct snd_timer_id *tid)
  1042	{
  1043		/* [<pref>:](<card name>|<card idx>)[{.,}<dev idx>[{.,}<subdev idx>]] */
  1044		const char * const sep_dev = ".,";
  1045		const char * const sep_pref = ":";
  1046		const char *name = str;
  1047		char save, *sep;
  1048		int card = 0, device = 0, subdevice = 0;
  1049		int err;
  1050	
  1051		sep = strpbrk(str, sep_pref);
  1052		if (sep)
  1053			name = sep + 1;
  1054		sep = strpbrk(name, sep_dev);
  1055		if (sep) {
  1056			save = *sep;
  1057			*sep = '\0';
  1058		}
  1059		err = kstrtoint(name, 0, &card);
  1060		if (err == -EINVAL) {
  1061			/* Must be the name, not number */
  1062			for (card = 0; card < snd_ecards_limit; card++) {
> 1063				if (snd_cards[card] &&
  1064				    !strcmp(snd_cards[card]->id, name)) {
  1065					err = 0;
  1066					break;
  1067				}
  1068			}
  1069		}
  1070		if (!err && sep) {
  1071			char save2, *sep2;
  1072			sep2 = strpbrk(sep + 1, sep_dev);
  1073			if (sep2) {
  1074				save2 = *sep2;
  1075				*sep2 = '\0';
  1076			}
  1077			err = kstrtoint(sep + 1, 0, &device);
  1078			if (!err && sep2) {
  1079				err = kstrtoint(sep2 + 1, 0, &subdevice);
  1080			}
  1081			if (sep2)
  1082				*sep2 = save2;
  1083		}
  1084		if (!err && tid) {
  1085			tid->card = card;
  1086			tid->device = device;
  1087			tid->subdevice = subdevice;
  1088		}
  1089		if (sep)
  1090			*sep = save;
  1091		return err;
  1092	}
  1093	

---
0-DAY kernel test infrastructure                 Open Source Technology Center
https://lists.01.org/hyperkitty/list/kbuild-all@lists.01.org Intel Corporation

[-- Attachment #2: .config.gz --]
[-- Type: application/gzip, Size: 33024 bytes --]

[-- Attachment #3: Type: text/plain, Size: 161 bytes --]

_______________________________________________
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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 20+ messages in thread

* Re: [alsa-devel] [PATCH v2 7/8] ALSA: aloop: Support selection of snd_timer instead of jiffies
  2019-11-05 14:32             ` [alsa-devel] [PATCH v2 7/8] ALSA: aloop: Support selection of snd_timer instead of jiffies Andrew Gabbasov
                                 ` (2 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-11-06 21:25               ` kbuild test robot
@ 2019-11-07  8:05               ` Takashi Iwai
  2019-11-08 18:09                 ` Andrew Gabbasov
  2019-11-11 11:17                 ` Andrew Gabbasov
  3 siblings, 2 replies; 20+ messages in thread
From: Takashi Iwai @ 2019-11-07  8:05 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Andrew Gabbasov; +Cc: Timo Wischer, alsa-devel, Takashi Iwai, linux-kernel

On Tue, 05 Nov 2019 15:32:17 +0100,
Andrew Gabbasov wrote:
> @@ -102,6 +106,13 @@ struct loopback_cable {
>  	unsigned int pause;
>  	/* timer specific */
>  	struct loopback_ops *ops;
> +	/* If sound timer is used */
> +	struct {
> +		int owner;

The term "owner" is a bit confusing here.  It seems holding the PCM
direction, but most people expect it being a process-id or something
like that from the word.

> +		struct snd_timer_id id;
> +		struct tasklet_struct event_tasklet;

You don't need to make own tasklet.  The timer core calls it via
tasklet in anyway unless you pass SNDRV_TIMER_IFLG_FAST -- see below.

And the tasklet is no longer recommended infrastructure in the recent
kernel, we should avoid it as much as possible.

>  struct loopback_setup {
> @@ -122,6 +133,7 @@ struct loopback {
>  	struct loopback_cable *cables[MAX_PCM_SUBSTREAMS][2];
>  	struct snd_pcm *pcm[2];
>  	struct loopback_setup setup[MAX_PCM_SUBSTREAMS][2];
> +	char *timer_source;

This can be const char *, I suppose.

> +static void loopback_snd_timer_period_elapsed(
> +		struct loopback_cable * const cable,
> +		const int event, const unsigned long resolution)
> +{
> +	struct loopback_pcm *dpcm_play =
> +			cable->streams[SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK];
> +	struct loopback_pcm *dpcm_capt =
> +			cable->streams[SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE];

You shouldn't assign them outside the cable->lock.

> +	struct snd_pcm_runtime *valid_runtime;
> +	unsigned int running, elapsed_bytes;
> +	unsigned long flags;
> +
> +	spin_lock_irqsave(&cable->lock, flags);
> +	running = cable->running ^ cable->pause;
> +	/* no need to do anything if no stream is running */
> +	if (!running) {
> +		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&cable->lock, flags);
> +		return;
> +	}
> +
> +	if (event == SNDRV_TIMER_EVENT_MSTOP) {
> +		if (!dpcm_play || !dpcm_play->substream ||
> +		    !dpcm_play->substream->runtime ||
> +		    !dpcm_play->substream->runtime->status ||

Would these conditions really happen?

> +		    dpcm_play->substream->runtime->status->state !=
> +		    SNDRV_PCM_STATE_DRAINING) {

What's special with DRAINING state?  The code doesn't show or explain
it.  And for other conditions, we keep going even if the event is
MSTOP?

> +			spin_unlock_irqrestore(&cable->lock, flags);
> +			return;
> +		}
> +	}
> +
> +	valid_runtime = (running & (1 << SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK)) ?
> +				dpcm_play->substream->runtime :
> +				dpcm_capt->substream->runtime;
> +
> +	/* resolution is only valid for SNDRV_TIMER_EVENT_TICK events */
> +	if (event == SNDRV_TIMER_EVENT_TICK) {
> +		/* The hardware rules guarantee that playback and capture period
> +		 * are the same. Therefore only one device has to be checked
> +		 * here.
> +		 */
> +		if (loopback_snd_timer_check_resolution(valid_runtime,
> +							resolution) < 0) {
> +			spin_unlock_irqrestore(&cable->lock, flags);
> +			if (cable->running & (1 << SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK))
> +				snd_pcm_stop_xrun(dpcm_play->substream);
> +			if (cable->running & (1 << SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE))
> +				snd_pcm_stop_xrun(dpcm_capt->substream);

Referencing outside the lock isn't really safe.  In the case of
jiffies timer code, it's a kind of OK because it's done in the timer
callback function that is assigned for each stream open -- that is,
the stream runtime is guaranteed to be present in the timer callback.
But I'm not sure about your case...


> @@ -749,6 +1037,152 @@ static struct loopback_ops loopback_jiffies_timer_ops = {
>  	.dpcm_info = loopback_jiffies_timer_dpcm_info,
>  };
>  
> +static int loopback_parse_timer_id(const char * const str,
> +				   struct snd_timer_id *tid)
> +{
> +	/* [<pref>:](<card name>|<card idx>)[{.,}<dev idx>[{.,}<subdev idx>]] */
> +	const char * const sep_dev = ".,";
> +	const char * const sep_pref = ":";
> +	const char *name = str;
> +	char save, *sep;
> +	int card = 0, device = 0, subdevice = 0;
> +	int err;
> +
> +	sep = strpbrk(str, sep_pref);
> +	if (sep)
> +		name = sep + 1;
> +	sep = strpbrk(name, sep_dev);
> +	if (sep) {
> +		save = *sep;
> +		*sep = '\0';
> +	}
> +	err = kstrtoint(name, 0, &card);
> +	if (err == -EINVAL) {
> +		/* Must be the name, not number */
> +		for (card = 0; card < snd_ecards_limit; card++) {
> +			if (snd_cards[card] &&
> +			    !strcmp(snd_cards[card]->id, name)) {
> +				err = 0;
> +				break;
> +			}
> +		}
> +	}

As kbuildbot reported, this is obviously broken with the recent
kernel.  snd_cards[] is no longer exported!  And I don't want to
export again.

IOW, if we need this kind of thing, it's better to modify the existing
code in sound/core/init.c and export that function.

> +/* call in loopback->cable_lock */
> +static int loopback_snd_timer_open(struct loopback_pcm *dpcm)
> +{
> +	int err = 0;
> +	unsigned long flags;
> +	struct snd_timer_id tid = {
> +		.dev_class = SNDRV_TIMER_CLASS_PCM,
> +		.dev_sclass = SNDRV_TIMER_SCLASS_APPLICATION,
> +	};
> +	struct snd_timer_instance *timer = NULL;

Why initialing to NULL here?

> +	spin_lock_irqsave(&dpcm->cable->lock, flags);

You need no irqsave version but spin_lock_irq() for the context like
open/close that is guaranteed to be sleepable.

> +	spin_lock_irqsave(&dpcm->cable->lock, flags);
> +
> +	/* The callback has to be called from another tasklet. If
> +	 * SNDRV_TIMER_IFLG_FAST is specified it will be called from the
> +	 * snd_pcm_period_elapsed() call of the selected sound card.

Well, you're the one who specifies SNDRV_TIMER_IFLG_XXX, so you know
that the flag isn't set.  So tasklet makes little sense.

> +	 * snd_pcm_period_elapsed() helds snd_pcm_stream_lock_irqsave().
> +	 * Due to our callback loopback_snd_timer_function() also calls
> +	 * snd_pcm_period_elapsed() which calls snd_pcm_stream_lock_irqsave().
> +	 * This would end up in a dead lock.
> +	 */
> +	timer->flags |= SNDRV_TIMER_IFLG_AUTO;
> +	timer->callback = loopback_snd_timer_function;
> +	timer->callback_data = (void *)dpcm->cable;
> +	timer->ccallback = loopback_snd_timer_event;

This reminds me that we need a safer way to assign these stuff in
general...  But it's above this patch set, in anyway.


thanks,

Takashi
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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 20+ messages in thread

* Re: [alsa-devel] [PATCH v2 8/8] ALSA: aloop: Support runtime change of snd_timer via info interface
  2019-11-05 14:32               ` [alsa-devel] [PATCH v2 8/8] ALSA: aloop: Support runtime change of snd_timer via info interface Andrew Gabbasov
@ 2019-11-07  8:06                 ` Takashi Iwai
  2019-11-07 10:40                   ` Gabbasov, Andrew
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 20+ messages in thread
From: Takashi Iwai @ 2019-11-07  8:06 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Andrew Gabbasov; +Cc: Timo Wischer, alsa-devel, Takashi Iwai, linux-kernel

On Tue, 05 Nov 2019 15:32:18 +0100,
Andrew Gabbasov wrote:
> 
> Show and change sound card timer source with read-write info
> file in proc filesystem. Initial string can still be set as
> module parameter.
> 
> The timer source string value can be changed at any time,
> but it is latched by PCM substream open callback (the first one
> for a particular cable). At this point it is actually used, that
> is the string is parsed, and the timer is looked up and opened.
> 
> The timer source is set for a loopback card (the same as initial
> setting by module parameter), but every cable uses the value,
> current at the moment of open.
> 
> Setting the value to empty string switches the timer to jiffies.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Andrew Gabbasov <andrew_gabbasov@mentor.com>

Unfortunately the whole code here are racy.  It may lead to a crash or
use-after-free easily.  Some locking is needed definitely.


thanks,

Takashi
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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 20+ messages in thread

* Re: [alsa-devel] [PATCH v2 8/8] ALSA: aloop: Support runtime change of snd_timer via info interface
  2019-11-07  8:06                 ` Takashi Iwai
@ 2019-11-07 10:40                   ` Gabbasov, Andrew
  2019-11-07 10:50                     ` Takashi Iwai
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 20+ messages in thread
From: Gabbasov, Andrew @ 2019-11-07 10:40 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Takashi Iwai; +Cc: Timo Wischer, alsa-devel, Takashi Iwai, linux-kernel

Hello Takashi,

Thank you very much for your feedback!

> -----Original Message-----
> From: Takashi Iwai [mailto:tiwai@suse.de]
> Sent: Thursday, November 07, 2019 11:06 AM
> To: Gabbasov, Andrew
> Cc: alsa-devel@alsa-project.org; linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org; Jaroslav
> Kysela; Takashi Iwai; Timo Wischer
> Subject: Re: [PATCH v2 8/8] ALSA: aloop: Support runtime change of
> snd_timer via info interface
> 
> On Tue, 05 Nov 2019 15:32:18 +0100,
> Andrew Gabbasov wrote:
> >
> > Show and change sound card timer source with read-write info
> > file in proc filesystem. Initial string can still be set as
> > module parameter.
> >
> > The timer source string value can be changed at any time,
> > but it is latched by PCM substream open callback (the first one
> > for a particular cable). At this point it is actually used, that
> > is the string is parsed, and the timer is looked up and opened.
> >
> > The timer source is set for a loopback card (the same as initial
> > setting by module parameter), but every cable uses the value,
> > current at the moment of open.
> >
> > Setting the value to empty string switches the timer to jiffies.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Andrew Gabbasov <andrew_gabbasov@mentor.com>
> 
> Unfortunately the whole code here are racy.  It may lead to a crash or
> use-after-free easily.  Some locking is needed definitely.

You are right, using and changing of loopback->timer_source should be protected.
I'll add locking with loopback->cable_lock to the bodies of print_timer_source_info()
and change_timer_source_info() (like in the example diff below), similarly to other
/proc files and mixer controls. All other uses of loopback->timer_source are already
covered by loopback->cable_lock, except for loopback_set_timer_source() call from
loopback_probe(), that is done at the very early stage and doesn't conflict with other
uses. I think, in order to avoid racing problems, this will be enough, won't it?

Thanks.

Best regards,
Andrew

diff --git a/sound/drivers/aloop.c b/sound/drivers/aloop.c
index 415128a97774..ca9307dd780e 100644
--- a/sound/drivers/aloop.c
+++ b/sound/drivers/aloop.c
@@ -1684,8 +1684,10 @@ static void print_timer_source_info(struct snd_info_entry *entry,
 {
        struct loopback *loopback = entry->private_data;

+       mutex_lock(&loopback->cable_lock);
        snd_iprintf(buffer, "%s\n",
                    loopback->timer_source ? loopback->timer_source : "");
+       mutex_unlock(&loopback->cable_lock);
 }

 static void change_timer_source_info(struct snd_info_entry *entry,
@@ -1694,8 +1696,10 @@ static void change_timer_source_info(struct snd_info_entry *entry,
        struct loopback *loopback = entry->private_data;
        char line[64];

+       mutex_lock(&loopback->cable_lock);
        if (!snd_info_get_line(buffer, line, sizeof(line)))
                loopback_set_timer_source(loopback, strim(line));
+       mutex_unlock(&loopback->cable_lock);
 }

 static int loopback_timer_source_proc_new(struct loopback *loopback)

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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 20+ messages in thread

* Re: [alsa-devel] [PATCH v2 8/8] ALSA: aloop: Support runtime change of snd_timer via info interface
  2019-11-07 10:40                   ` Gabbasov, Andrew
@ 2019-11-07 10:50                     ` Takashi Iwai
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 20+ messages in thread
From: Takashi Iwai @ 2019-11-07 10:50 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Gabbasov, Andrew; +Cc: Timo Wischer, alsa-devel, Takashi Iwai, linux-kernel

On Thu, 07 Nov 2019 11:40:18 +0100,
Gabbasov, Andrew wrote:
> 
> Hello Takashi,
> 
> Thank you very much for your feedback!
> 
> > -----Original Message-----
> > From: Takashi Iwai [mailto:tiwai@suse.de]
> > Sent: Thursday, November 07, 2019 11:06 AM
> > To: Gabbasov, Andrew
> > Cc: alsa-devel@alsa-project.org; linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org; Jaroslav
> > Kysela; Takashi Iwai; Timo Wischer
> > Subject: Re: [PATCH v2 8/8] ALSA: aloop: Support runtime change of
> > snd_timer via info interface
> > 
> > On Tue, 05 Nov 2019 15:32:18 +0100,
> > Andrew Gabbasov wrote:
> > >
> > > Show and change sound card timer source with read-write info
> > > file in proc filesystem. Initial string can still be set as
> > > module parameter.
> > >
> > > The timer source string value can be changed at any time,
> > > but it is latched by PCM substream open callback (the first one
> > > for a particular cable). At this point it is actually used, that
> > > is the string is parsed, and the timer is looked up and opened.
> > >
> > > The timer source is set for a loopback card (the same as initial
> > > setting by module parameter), but every cable uses the value,
> > > current at the moment of open.
> > >
> > > Setting the value to empty string switches the timer to jiffies.
> > >
> > > Signed-off-by: Andrew Gabbasov <andrew_gabbasov@mentor.com>
> > 
> > Unfortunately the whole code here are racy.  It may lead to a crash or
> > use-after-free easily.  Some locking is needed definitely.
> 
> You are right, using and changing of loopback->timer_source should be protected.
> I'll add locking with loopback->cable_lock to the bodies of print_timer_source_info()
> and change_timer_source_info() (like in the example diff below), similarly to other
> /proc files and mixer controls. All other uses of loopback->timer_source are already
> covered by loopback->cable_lock, except for loopback_set_timer_source() call from
> loopback_probe(), that is done at the very early stage and doesn't conflict with other
> uses. I think, in order to avoid racing problems, this will be enough, won't it?

Yes, I guess so.  loopback_set_timer_source() replaces only the
timer_source and it's referred only at opening a stream.


thanks,

Takashi


> 
> Thanks.
> 
> Best regards,
> Andrew
> 
> diff --git a/sound/drivers/aloop.c b/sound/drivers/aloop.c
> index 415128a97774..ca9307dd780e 100644
> --- a/sound/drivers/aloop.c
> +++ b/sound/drivers/aloop.c
> @@ -1684,8 +1684,10 @@ static void print_timer_source_info(struct snd_info_entry *entry,
>  {
>         struct loopback *loopback = entry->private_data;
> 
> +       mutex_lock(&loopback->cable_lock);
>         snd_iprintf(buffer, "%s\n",
>                     loopback->timer_source ? loopback->timer_source : "");
> +       mutex_unlock(&loopback->cable_lock);
>  }
> 
>  static void change_timer_source_info(struct snd_info_entry *entry,
> @@ -1694,8 +1696,10 @@ static void change_timer_source_info(struct snd_info_entry *entry,
>         struct loopback *loopback = entry->private_data;
>         char line[64];
> 
> +       mutex_lock(&loopback->cable_lock);
>         if (!snd_info_get_line(buffer, line, sizeof(line)))
>                 loopback_set_timer_source(loopback, strim(line));
> +       mutex_unlock(&loopback->cable_lock);
>  }
> 
>  static int loopback_timer_source_proc_new(struct loopback *loopback)
> 
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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 20+ messages in thread

* Re: [alsa-devel] [PATCH v2 7/8] ALSA: aloop: Support selection of snd_timer instead of jiffies
  2019-11-07  8:05               ` Takashi Iwai
@ 2019-11-08 18:09                 ` Andrew Gabbasov
  2019-11-11 11:17                 ` Andrew Gabbasov
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 20+ messages in thread
From: Andrew Gabbasov @ 2019-11-08 18:09 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Takashi Iwai; +Cc: Timo Wischer, alsa-devel, Takashi Iwai, linux-kernel

Hello Takashi,

Thank you very much for your feedback.

> -----Original Message-----
> From: Takashi Iwai [mailto:tiwai@suse.de]
> Sent: Thursday, November 07, 2019 11:05 AM

> On Tue, 05 Nov 2019 15:32:17 +0100,
> Andrew Gabbasov wrote:
> > @@ -102,6 +106,13 @@ struct loopback_cable {
> >  	unsigned int pause;
> >  	/* timer specific */
> >  	struct loopback_ops *ops;
> > +	/* If sound timer is used */
> > +	struct {
> > +		int owner;
> 
> The term "owner" is a bit confusing here.  It seems holding the PCM
> direction, but most people expect it being a process-id or something
> like that from the word.

Will be fixed in next update.

> 
> > +		struct snd_timer_id id;
> > +		struct tasklet_struct event_tasklet;
> 
> You don't need to make own tasklet.  The timer core calls it via
> tasklet in anyway unless you pass SNDRV_TIMER_IFLG_FAST -- see below.
> 
> And the tasklet is no longer recommended infrastructure in the recent
> kernel, we should avoid it as much as possible.

See below about the tasklet.

> 
> >  struct loopback_setup {
> > @@ -122,6 +133,7 @@ struct loopback {
> >  	struct loopback_cable *cables[MAX_PCM_SUBSTREAMS][2];
> >  	struct snd_pcm *pcm[2];
> >  	struct loopback_setup setup[MAX_PCM_SUBSTREAMS][2];
> > +	char *timer_source;
> 
> This can be const char *, I suppose.

Yes, this will be fixed.

> > +static void loopback_snd_timer_period_elapsed(
> > +		struct loopback_cable * const cable,
> > +		const int event, const unsigned long resolution)
> > +{
> > +	struct loopback_pcm *dpcm_play =
> > +			cable->streams[SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK];
> > +	struct loopback_pcm *dpcm_capt =
> > +			cable->streams[SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE];
> 
> You shouldn't assign them outside the cable->lock.

I'll move these assigns to after obtaining the lock.

> > +	struct snd_pcm_runtime *valid_runtime;
> > +	unsigned int running, elapsed_bytes;
> > +	unsigned long flags;
> > +
> > +	spin_lock_irqsave(&cable->lock, flags);
> > +	running = cable->running ^ cable->pause;
> > +	/* no need to do anything if no stream is running */
> > +	if (!running) {
> > +		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&cable->lock, flags);
> > +		return;
> > +	}
> > +
> > +	if (event == SNDRV_TIMER_EVENT_MSTOP) {
> > +		if (!dpcm_play || !dpcm_play->substream ||
> > +		    !dpcm_play->substream->runtime ||
> > +		    !dpcm_play->substream->runtime->status ||
> 
> Would these conditions really happen?

This seems to be kind of over cautiousness ;-)
I remove all intermediate members checks.

> > +		    dpcm_play->substream->runtime->status->state !=
> > +		    SNDRV_PCM_STATE_DRAINING) {
> 
> What's special with DRAINING state?  The code doesn't show or explain
> it.  And for other conditions, we keep going even if the event is
> MSTOP?

There are some comments below in loopback_snd_timer_event() function.
When the sound timer stops and the stream is in the draining state,
we still need to flush the data remaining in the buffer, and the regular
"elapsed" functions are called for that.

> > +			spin_unlock_irqrestore(&cable->lock, flags);
> > +			return;
> > +		}
> > +	}
> > +
> > +	valid_runtime = (running & (1 << SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK)) ?
> > +				dpcm_play->substream->runtime :
> > +				dpcm_capt->substream->runtime;
> > +
> > +	/* resolution is only valid for SNDRV_TIMER_EVENT_TICK events */
> > +	if (event == SNDRV_TIMER_EVENT_TICK) {
> > +		/* The hardware rules guarantee that playback and capture
> period
> > +		 * are the same. Therefore only one device has to be checked
> > +		 * here.
> > +		 */
> > +		if (loopback_snd_timer_check_resolution(valid_runtime,
> > +							resolution) < 0) {
> > +			spin_unlock_irqrestore(&cable->lock, flags);
> > +			if (cable->running & (1 <<
SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK))
> > +				snd_pcm_stop_xrun(dpcm_play->substream);
> > +			if (cable->running & (1 <<
SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE))
> > +				snd_pcm_stop_xrun(dpcm_capt->substream);
> 
> Referencing outside the lock isn't really safe.  In the case of
> jiffies timer code, it's a kind of OK because it's done in the timer
> callback function that is assigned for each stream open -- that is,
> the stream runtime is guaranteed to be present in the timer callback.
> But I'm not sure about your case...

I re-structure this code a little to make all de-referencing inside the
lock.

> > @@ -749,6 +1037,152 @@ static struct loopback_ops
> loopback_jiffies_timer_ops = {
> >  	.dpcm_info = loopback_jiffies_timer_dpcm_info,
> >  };
> >
> > +static int loopback_parse_timer_id(const char * const str,
> > +				   struct snd_timer_id *tid)
> > +{
> > +	/* [<pref>:](<card name>|<card idx>)[{.,}<dev idx>[{.,}<subdev
> idx>]] */
> > +	const char * const sep_dev = ".,";
> > +	const char * const sep_pref = ":";
> > +	const char *name = str;
> > +	char save, *sep;
> > +	int card = 0, device = 0, subdevice = 0;
> > +	int err;
> > +
> > +	sep = strpbrk(str, sep_pref);
> > +	if (sep)
> > +		name = sep + 1;
> > +	sep = strpbrk(name, sep_dev);
> > +	if (sep) {
> > +		save = *sep;
> > +		*sep = '\0';
> > +	}
> > +	err = kstrtoint(name, 0, &card);
> > +	if (err == -EINVAL) {
> > +		/* Must be the name, not number */
> > +		for (card = 0; card < snd_ecards_limit; card++) {
> > +			if (snd_cards[card] &&
> > +			    !strcmp(snd_cards[card]->id, name)) {
> > +				err = 0;
> > +				break;
> > +			}
> > +		}
> > +	}
> 
> As kbuildbot reported, this is obviously broken with the recent
> kernel.  snd_cards[] is no longer exported!  And I don't want to
> export again.
> 
> IOW, if we need this kind of thing, it's better to modify the existing
> code in sound/core/init.c and export that function.

Yes, I realized it a little late ;-)
So far I changed the loop to something like

	for (card_idx = 0; card_idx < snd_ecards_limit; card_idx++) {
		struct snd_card *card = snd_card_ref(card_idx);
		if (card) {
			if (!strcmp(card->id, name))
				err = 0;
			snd_card_unref(card);
		}
		if (!err)
			break;
	}

Of course, adding a separate lookup helper function to sound/core/init.c,
like, for example,
	struct snd_card *snd_card_find_id(const char *id)
that makes similar loop in a more "atomic" way, with proper locking and
reference incrementing for the result, would be more efficient, so if you
decide to create such a helper, that would help to eliminate this loop
from here.

> > +/* call in loopback->cable_lock */
> > +static int loopback_snd_timer_open(struct loopback_pcm *dpcm)
> > +{
> > +	int err = 0;
> > +	unsigned long flags;
> > +	struct snd_timer_id tid = {
> > +		.dev_class = SNDRV_TIMER_CLASS_PCM,
> > +		.dev_sclass = SNDRV_TIMER_SCLASS_APPLICATION,
> > +	};
> > +	struct snd_timer_instance *timer = NULL;
> 
> Why initialing to NULL here?

Will be fixed too.

> > +	spin_lock_irqsave(&dpcm->cable->lock, flags);
> 
> You need no irqsave version but spin_lock_irq() for the context like
> open/close that is guaranteed to be sleepable.

And this will be fixed.

> > +	spin_lock_irqsave(&dpcm->cable->lock, flags);
> > +
> > +	/* The callback has to be called from another tasklet. If
> > +	 * SNDRV_TIMER_IFLG_FAST is specified it will be called from the
> > +	 * snd_pcm_period_elapsed() call of the selected sound card.
> 
> Well, you're the one who specifies SNDRV_TIMER_IFLG_XXX, so you know
> that the flag isn't set.  So tasklet makes little sense.

Indeed, that flag is not set, and the regular callback is already called
from the tasklet. That's why the callback function, registered here
(loopback_snd_timer_function) does not use the tasklet.
However, the ccallback event handler is called by sound core directly,
without a tasklet, and within "spin_lock_irqsave(&timer->lock, flags)".
So, it's not possible to call snd_pcm_period_elapsed() directly
from ccallback function (loopback_snd_timer_event). In order to
be able to make this call, the local tasklet is used.

> > +	 * snd_pcm_period_elapsed() helds snd_pcm_stream_lock_irqsave().
> > +	 * Due to our callback loopback_snd_timer_function() also calls
> > +	 * snd_pcm_period_elapsed() which calls
> snd_pcm_stream_lock_irqsave().
> > +	 * This would end up in a dead lock.
> > +	 */
> > +	timer->flags |= SNDRV_TIMER_IFLG_AUTO;
> > +	timer->callback = loopback_snd_timer_function;
> > +	timer->callback_data = (void *)dpcm->cable;
> > +	timer->ccallback = loopback_snd_timer_event;
> 
> This reminds me that we need a safer way to assign these stuff in
> general...  But it's above this patch set, in anyway.
> 

I'm preparing the next version of this patch set with the changes,
described above, and some more code cleanup. It will be submitted soon.

Thanks!

Best regards,
Andrew

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Alsa-devel@alsa-project.org
https://mailman.alsa-project.org/mailman/listinfo/alsa-devel

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 20+ messages in thread

* Re: [alsa-devel] [PATCH v2 7/8] ALSA: aloop: Support selection of snd_timer instead of jiffies
  2019-11-07  8:05               ` Takashi Iwai
  2019-11-08 18:09                 ` Andrew Gabbasov
@ 2019-11-11 11:17                 ` Andrew Gabbasov
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 20+ messages in thread
From: Andrew Gabbasov @ 2019-11-11 11:17 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Takashi Iwai; +Cc: Timo Wischer, alsa-devel, Takashi Iwai, linux-kernel

The update (v3) of this patch set is sent to the mailing list:
https://mailman.alsa-project.org/pipermail/alsa-devel/2019-November/158312.h
tml

Thanks.

Best regards,
Andrew

> -----Original Message-----
> From: Andrew Gabbasov [mailto:andrew_gabbasov@mentor.com]
> Sent: Friday, November 08, 2019 9:09 PM
> To: 'Takashi Iwai'
> Cc: alsa-devel@alsa-project.org; linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org; Jaroslav
> Kysela; Takashi Iwai; Timo Wischer
> Subject: RE: [PATCH v2 7/8] ALSA: aloop: Support selection of snd_timer
> instead of jiffies
> 
> Hello Takashi,
> 
> Thank you very much for your feedback.
> 

[ skipped ]

> I'm preparing the next version of this patch set with the changes,
> described above, and some more code cleanup. It will be submitted soon.
> 
> Thanks!
> 
> Best regards,
> Andrew

_______________________________________________
Alsa-devel mailing list
Alsa-devel@alsa-project.org
https://mailman.alsa-project.org/mailman/listinfo/alsa-devel

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 20+ messages in thread

end of thread, back to index

Thread overview: 20+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
-- links below jump to the message on this page --
2019-11-05 14:32 [alsa-devel] [PATCH v2 0/8] ALSA: aloop: Support sound timer as clock source instead of jiffies Andrew Gabbasov
2019-11-05 14:32 ` [alsa-devel] [PATCH v2 1/8] ALSA: aloop: Describe units of variables Andrew Gabbasov
2019-11-05 14:32   ` [alsa-devel] [PATCH v2 2/8] ALSA: aloop: loopback_timer_start: Support return of error code Andrew Gabbasov
2019-11-05 14:32     ` [alsa-devel] [PATCH v2 3/8] ALSA: aloop: loopback_timer_stop: " Andrew Gabbasov
2019-11-05 14:32       ` [alsa-devel] [PATCH v2 4/8] ALSA: aloop: Use callback functions for timer specific implementations Andrew Gabbasov
2019-11-05 14:32         ` [alsa-devel] [PATCH v2 5/8] ALSA: aloop: Rename all jiffies timer specific functions Andrew Gabbasov
2019-11-05 14:32           ` [alsa-devel] [PATCH v2 6/8] ALSA: aloop: Move CABLE_VALID_BOTH to the top of file Andrew Gabbasov
2019-11-05 14:32             ` [alsa-devel] [PATCH v2 7/8] ALSA: aloop: Support selection of snd_timer instead of jiffies Andrew Gabbasov
2019-11-05 14:32               ` [alsa-devel] [PATCH v2 8/8] ALSA: aloop: Support runtime change of snd_timer via info interface Andrew Gabbasov
2019-11-07  8:06                 ` Takashi Iwai
2019-11-07 10:40                   ` Gabbasov, Andrew
2019-11-07 10:50                     ` Takashi Iwai
2019-11-06  0:43               ` [alsa-devel] [PATCH v2 7/8] ALSA: aloop: Support selection of snd_timer instead of jiffies kbuild test robot
2019-11-06 21:25               ` kbuild test robot
2019-11-07  8:05               ` Takashi Iwai
2019-11-08 18:09                 ` Andrew Gabbasov
2019-11-11 11:17                 ` Andrew Gabbasov
2019-11-06 15:51       ` [alsa-devel] [PATCH v2 3/8] ALSA: aloop: loopback_timer_stop: Support return of error code Takashi Iwai
2019-11-06 17:45         ` Andrew Gabbasov
2019-11-06 15:50     ` [alsa-devel] [PATCH v2 2/8] ALSA: aloop: loopback_timer_start: " Takashi Iwai

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