BPF Archive on lore.kernel.org
 help / color / Atom feed
From: KP Singh <kpsingh@chromium.org>
To: Andrii Nakryiko <andrii.nakryiko@gmail.com>
Cc: open list <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>,
	bpf <bpf@vger.kernel.org>,
	linux-security-module@vger.kernel.org,
	Brendan Jackman <jackmanb@google.com>,
	Florent Revest <revest@google.com>,
	Thomas Garnier <thgarnie@google.com>,
	Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>,
	Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>,
	James Morris <jmorris@namei.org>,
	Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>, Paul Turner <pjt@google.com>,
	Jann Horn <jannh@google.com>,
	Florent Revest <revest@chromium.org>,
	Brendan Jackman <jackmanb@chromium.org>,
	Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCH bpf-next v7 8/8] bpf: lsm: Add Documentation
Date: Thu, 26 Mar 2020 21:56:04 +0100
Message-ID: <20200326205604.GC15273@chromium.org> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <CAEf4BzZ=qCNVbGqRfkgS-rfsODQaAzjQOErN8U9RH4Eu-HuD8Q@mail.gmail.com>

Thanks for the reviews!

On 26-Mär 12:31, Andrii Nakryiko wrote:
> On Thu, Mar 26, 2020 at 7:29 AM KP Singh <kpsingh@chromium.org> wrote:
> >
> > From: KP Singh <kpsingh@google.com>
> >
> > Document how eBPF programs (BPF_PROG_TYPE_LSM) can be loaded and
> > attached (BPF_LSM_MAC) to the LSM hooks.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: KP Singh <kpsingh@google.com>
> > Reviewed-by: Brendan Jackman <jackmanb@google.com>
> > Reviewed-by: Florent Revest <revest@google.com>
> > Reviewed-by: Thomas Garnier <thgarnie@google.com>
> > ---
> 
> This needs another pass and re-reading, has a bunch of outdated info :)

Indeed :)

> 
> >  Documentation/bpf/bpf_lsm.rst | 150 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> >  Documentation/bpf/index.rst   |   1 +
> >  2 files changed, 151 insertions(+)
> >  create mode 100644 Documentation/bpf/bpf_lsm.rst
> >
> > diff --git a/Documentation/bpf/bpf_lsm.rst b/Documentation/bpf/bpf_lsm.rst
> > new file mode 100644
> > index 000000000000..2a2c3b4a74d4
> > --- /dev/null
> > +++ b/Documentation/bpf/bpf_lsm.rst
> > @@ -0,0 +1,150 @@
> > +.. SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+
> > +.. Copyright (C) 2020 Google LLC.
> > +
> > +================
> > +LSM BPF Programs
> > +================
> > +
> > +These BPF programs allow runtime instrumentation of the LSM hooks by privileged
> > +users to implement system-wide MAC (Mandatory Access Control) and Audit
> > +policies using eBPF. Since these program end up modifying the MAC policies of
> > +the system, they require both ``CAP_MAC_ADMIN`` and also require
> > +``CAP_SYS_ADMIN`` for the loading of BPF programs.
> > +
> > +Structure
> > +---------
> > +
> > +The example shows an eBPF program that can be attached to the ``file_mprotect``
> > +LSM hook:
> > +
> > +.. c:function:: int file_mprotect(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long reqprot, unsigned long prot);
> > +
> > +Other LSM hooks which can be instrumented can be found in
> > +``include/linux/lsm_hooks.h``.
> > +
> > +eBPF programs that use :doc:`/bpf/btf` do not need to include kernel headers
> > +for accessing information from the attached eBPF program's context. They can
> > +simply declare the structures in the eBPF program and only specify the fields
> > +that need to be accessed.
> > +
> > +.. code-block:: c
> > +
> > +       struct mm_struct {
> > +               unsigned long start_brk, brk, start_stack;
> > +       } __attribute__((preserve_access_index));
> > +
> > +       struct vm_area_struct {
> > +               unsigned long start_brk, brk, start_stack;
> > +               unsigned long vm_start, vm_end;
> > +               struct mm_struct *vm_mm;
> > +       } __attribute__((preserve_access_index));
> > +
> > +
> > +.. note:: Only the size and the names of the fields must match the type in the
> > +         kernel and the order of the fields is irrelevant.
> 
> type should match/be compatible as well?

I changed it to simply be:

.. note:: The order of the fields is irrelevant.

> 
> > +
> > +This can be further simplified (if one has access to the BTF information at
> > +build time) by generating the ``vmlinux.h`` with:
> > +
> > +.. code-block:: console
> > +
> > +        # bpftool dump file <path-to-btf-vmlinux> format c > vmlinux.h
> > +
> 
> bpftool btf *dump* file

Done.

> 
> > +.. note:: ``path-to-btf-vmlinux`` can be ``/sys/kernel/btf/vmlinux`` if the
> > +         build environment matches the environment the BPF programs are
> > +         deployed in.
> > +
> > +The ``vmlinux.h`` can then simply be included in the BPF programs without
> > +requiring the definition of the types.
> > +
> > +The eBPF programs can be declared using the``BPF_PROG``
> > +macros defined in `tools/lib/bpf/bpf_tracing.h`_. In this
> > +example:
> > +
> > +       * ``"lsm/file_mprotect"`` indicates the LSM hook that the program must
> > +         be attached to
> > +       * ``mprotect_audit`` is the name of the eBPF program
> > +
> > +.. code-block:: c
> > +
> > +        SEC("lsm/file_mprotect")
> > +        int BPF_PROG(mprotect_audit, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
> > +                     unsigned long reqprot, unsigned long prot, int ret)
> > +       {
> > +                /* Ret is the return value from the previous BPF program
> > +                 * or 0 if it's the first hook.
> > +                 */
> > +                if (ret != 0)
> > +                        return ret;
> > +
> > +               int is_heap;
> > +
> > +               is_heap = (vma->vm_start >= vma->vm_mm->start_brk &&
> > +                          vma->vm_end <= vma->vm_mm->brk);
> > +
> > +               /* Return an -EPERM or write information to the perf events buffer
> > +                * for auditing
> > +                */
> 
> return missing?

Fixed.

> 
> > +       }
> > +
> > +The ``__attribute__((preserve_access_index))`` is a clang feature that allows
> > +the BPF verifier to update the offsets for the access at runtime using the
> > +:doc:`/bpf/btf` information. Since the BPF verifier is aware of the types, it
> > +also validates all the accesses made to the various types in the eBPF program.
> > +
> > +Loading
> > +-------
> > +
> > +eBPF programs can be loaded with the :manpage:`bpf(2)` syscall's
> > +``BPF_PROG_LOAD`` operation or more simply by using the the libbpf helper
> > +``bpf_prog_load_xattr``:
> > +
> > +
> > +.. code-block:: c
> > +
> > +       struct bpf_prog_load_attr attr = {
> > +               .file = "./prog.o",
> > +       };
> > +       struct bpf_object *prog_obj;
> > +       struct bpf_program *prog;
> > +       int prog_fd;
> > +
> > +       bpf_prog_load_xattr(&attr, &prog_obj, &prog_fd);
> 
> Can you please update this to not use deprecated/legacy APIs. Please
> suggest bpf_object__open/bpf_object__load  and/or BPF skeleton as an
> example.


Simplified and modernized this section as:


Loading
-------

eBPF programs can be loaded with the :manpage:`bpf(2)` syscall's
``BPF_PROG_LOAD`` operation:

.. code-block:: c

	struct bpf_object *obj;

	obj = bpf_object__open("./my_prog.o");
	bpf_object__load(obj);

This can be simplified by using a skeleton header generated by ``bpftool``:

.. code-block:: console

	# bpftool gen skeleton my_prog.o > my_prog.skel.h

and the program can be loaded by including ``my_prog.skel.h`` and using
the generated helper, ``my_prog__open_and_load``.

Attachment to LSM Hooks
-----------------------

The LSM allows attachment of eBPF programs as LSM hooks using :manpage:`bpf(2)`
syscall's ``BPF_RAW_TRACEPOINT_OPEN`` operation or more simply by
using the libbpf helper ``bpf_program__attach_lsm``.

The program can be detached from the LSM hook by *destroying* the ``link``
link returned by ``bpf_program__attach_lsm`` using ``bpf_link__destroy``.

One can also use the helpers generated in ``my_prog.skel.h`` i.e.
``my_prog__attach`` for attachment and ``my_prog__destroy`` for cleaning up.

</end>

If this looks okay, I will send a v8 with this updated and other
fixes.

- KP

> 
> > +
> > +Attachment to LSM Hooks
> > +-----------------------
> > +
> > +The LSM allows attachment of eBPF programs as LSM hooks using :manpage:`bpf(2)`
> > +syscall's ``BPF_PROG_ATTACH`` operation or more simply by
> 
> BPF_PROG_ATTACH is incorrect, it's RAW_TRACEPOINT_OPEN, isn't it?

Correct, updated. Thanks!

> 
> > +using the libbpf helper ``bpf_program__attach_lsm``. In the code shown below
> > +``prog`` is the eBPF program loaded using ``BPF_PROG_LOAD``:
> > +
> > +.. code-block:: c
> > +
> > +       struct bpf_link *link;
> > +
> > +       link = bpf_program__attach_lsm(prog);
> > +
> > +The program can be detached from the LSM hook by *destroying* the ``link``
> > +link returned by ``bpf_program__attach_lsm``:
> > +
> > +.. code-block:: c
> > +
> > +       link->destroy();
> 
> that's not how it works in C ;)

Oops, I incorrectly picked it up from link->destroy(link); and wrote
something stupid.

> 
> bpf_link__destroy(link);

Updated in the snippet posted above.

- KP

> 
> > +
> > +Examples
> > +--------
> > +
> > +An example eBPF programs can be found in
> > +`tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/lsm.c`_ and the corresponding
> > +userspace code in `tools/testing/selftests/bpf/prog_tests/test_lsm.c`_
> > +
> > +.. Links
> > +.. _tools/lib/bpf/bpf_tracing.h:
> > +   https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/stable/linux.git/tree/tools/lib/bpf/bpf_tracing.h
> > +.. _tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/lsm.c:
> > +   https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/stable/linux.git/tree/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/lsm.c
> > +.. _tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/lsm_void_hook.c:
> > +   https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/stable/linux.git/tree/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/lsm_void_hook.c
> > +.. _tools/testing/selftests/bpf/prog_tests/test_lsm.c:
> > +   https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/stable/linux.git/tree/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/prog_tests/test_lsm.c
> > diff --git a/Documentation/bpf/index.rst b/Documentation/bpf/index.rst
> > index 7be43c5f2dcf..f99677f3572f 100644
> > --- a/Documentation/bpf/index.rst
> > +++ b/Documentation/bpf/index.rst
> > @@ -45,6 +45,7 @@ Program types
> >     prog_cgroup_sockopt
> >     prog_cgroup_sysctl
> >     prog_flow_dissector
> > +   bpf_lsm
> >
> >
> >  Testing and debugging BPF
> > --
> > 2.20.1
> >

  reply index

Thread overview: 33+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-03-26 14:28 [PATCH bpf-next v7 0/8] MAC and Audit policy using eBPF (KRSI) KP Singh
2020-03-26 14:28 ` [PATCH bpf-next v7 1/8] bpf: Introduce BPF_PROG_TYPE_LSM KP Singh
2020-03-27  0:27   ` James Morris
2020-03-26 14:28 ` [PATCH bpf-next v7 2/8] security: Refactor declaration of LSM hooks KP Singh
2020-03-27  0:28   ` James Morris
2020-03-26 14:28 ` [PATCH bpf-next v7 3/8] bpf: lsm: provide attachment points for BPF LSM programs KP Singh
2020-03-27  0:29   ` James Morris
2020-03-26 14:28 ` [PATCH bpf-next v7 4/8] bpf: lsm: Implement attach, detach and execution KP Singh
2020-03-26 19:12   ` Andrii Nakryiko
2020-03-26 19:39     ` KP Singh
2020-03-27  0:24   ` James Morris
2020-03-27 12:27     ` Stephen Smalley
2020-03-27 12:41       ` KP Singh
2020-03-27 13:43         ` Stephen Smalley
2020-03-27 14:29           ` KP Singh
2020-03-27 16:36           ` Casey Schaufler
2020-03-27 18:59             ` Kees Cook
2020-03-27 19:17               ` KP Singh
2020-03-27  3:12   ` Alexei Starovoitov
2020-03-27 15:06     ` KP Singh
2020-03-26 14:28 ` [PATCH bpf-next v7 5/8] bpf: lsm: Initialize the BPF LSM hooks KP Singh
2020-03-27  0:29   ` James Morris
2020-03-26 14:28 ` [PATCH bpf-next v7 6/8] tools/libbpf: Add support for BPF_PROG_TYPE_LSM KP Singh
2020-03-27  0:30   ` James Morris
2020-03-26 14:28 ` [PATCH bpf-next v7 7/8] bpf: lsm: Add selftests " KP Singh
2020-03-26 19:24   ` Andrii Nakryiko
2020-03-26 19:44     ` KP Singh
2020-03-27  0:31   ` James Morris
2020-03-26 14:28 ` [PATCH bpf-next v7 8/8] bpf: lsm: Add Documentation KP Singh
2020-03-26 19:31   ` Andrii Nakryiko
2020-03-26 20:56     ` KP Singh [this message]
2020-03-26 22:01       ` Andrii Nakryiko
2020-03-27  0:33   ` James Morris

Reply instructions:

You may reply publicly to this message via plain-text email
using any one of the following methods:

* Save the following mbox file, import it into your mail client,
  and reply-to-all from there: mbox

  Avoid top-posting and favor interleaved quoting:
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Posting_style#Interleaved_style

* Reply using the --to, --cc, and --in-reply-to
  switches of git-send-email(1):

  git send-email \
    --in-reply-to=20200326205604.GC15273@chromium.org \
    --to=kpsingh@chromium.org \
    --cc=andrii.nakryiko@gmail.com \
    --cc=ast@kernel.org \
    --cc=bpf@vger.kernel.org \
    --cc=daniel@iogearbox.net \
    --cc=gregkh@linuxfoundation.org \
    --cc=jackmanb@chromium.org \
    --cc=jackmanb@google.com \
    --cc=jannh@google.com \
    --cc=jmorris@namei.org \
    --cc=keescook@chromium.org \
    --cc=linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org \
    --cc=linux-security-module@vger.kernel.org \
    --cc=pjt@google.com \
    --cc=revest@chromium.org \
    --cc=revest@google.com \
    --cc=thgarnie@google.com \
    /path/to/YOUR_REPLY

  https://kernel.org/pub/software/scm/git/docs/git-send-email.html

* If your mail client supports setting the In-Reply-To header
  via mailto: links, try the mailto: link

BPF Archive on lore.kernel.org

Archives are clonable:
	git clone --mirror https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/0 bpf/git/0.git

	# If you have public-inbox 1.1+ installed, you may
	# initialize and index your mirror using the following commands:
	public-inbox-init -V2 bpf bpf/ https://lore.kernel.org/bpf \
		bpf@vger.kernel.org
	public-inbox-index bpf

Example config snippet for mirrors

Newsgroup available over NNTP:
	nntp://nntp.lore.kernel.org/org.kernel.vger.bpf


AGPL code for this site: git clone https://public-inbox.org/public-inbox.git