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From: Rasmus Villemoes <rasmus.villemoes@prevas.dk>
To: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com>,
	kernelnewbies <kernelnewbies@kernelnewbies.org>,
	kernel-janitors <kernel-janitors@vger.kernel.org>,
	cocci <cocci@systeme.lip6.fr>
Cc: LKML <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>
Subject: Re: [Cocci] linux-kernel janitorial RFP: Mark static arrays as const
Date: Wed, 3 Mar 2021 10:41:58 +0100
Message-ID: <a15e5c4d-a60f-14b9-90e5-4e600771aa9d@prevas.dk> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <053b06c47f08631675c295b5c893b90be4248347.camel@perches.com>

On 02/03/2021 18.42, Joe Perches wrote:
> Here is a possible opportunity to reduce data usage in the kernel.
> 
> $ git grep -P -n '^static\s+(?!const|struct)(?:\w+\s+){1,3}\w+\s*\[\s*\]' drivers/ | \
>   grep -v __initdata | \
>   wc -l
> 3250
> 
> Meaning there are ~3000 declarations of arrays with what appears to be
> file static const content that are not marked const.
> 
> So there are many static arrays that could be marked const to move the
> compiled object code from data to text minimizing the total amount of
> exposed r/w data.

You can add const if you like, but it will rarely change the generated
code. gcc is already smart enough to take a static array whose contents
are provably never modified within the TU and put it in .rodata:

static int x = 7;
static int y[2] = {13, 19};

static int p(int a, const int *foo)
{
	return a + *foo;
}
int q(int a)
{
	int b = p(a, &x);
	return p(b, &y[b & 1]);
}
$ nm c.o
0000000000000000 T q
0000000000000000 r y
$ size c.o
   text    data     bss     dec     hex filename
    111       0       0     111      6f c.o

So x gets optimized away completely, but y isn't so easy to get rid of -
nevertheless, it's never modified and the address doesn't escape the TU,
so gcc treats is as if it was declared const.

I think you'll see the same if you try adding the const on a few of your
real-life examples. (Of course, the control flow may be so convoluted
that gcc isn't able to infer the constness, so I'm not saying it will
never make a difference - only that you shouldn't expect too much.)

Rasmus
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Thread overview: 13+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-03-02 17:42 Joe Perches
2021-03-02 21:41 ` Julia Lawall
2021-03-03  2:47   ` Joe Perches
2021-03-02 22:18 ` Bernd Petrovitsch
2021-03-03  8:36   ` Julia Lawall
2021-03-04  8:34   ` Andy Shevchenko
2021-03-03  9:41 ` Rasmus Villemoes [this message]
2021-03-03 14:51   ` Joe Perches
2021-03-07 19:14     ` Julia Lawall
2021-03-08  5:38       ` Joe Perches
2021-03-08  6:54         ` Julia Lawall
2021-03-03 17:06 ` Mansour Moufid
2021-03-03 17:21   ` Julia Lawall

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