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From: Jeff King <peff@peff.net>
To: "Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason" <avarab@gmail.com>
Cc: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>,
	git@vger.kernel.org, Taylor Blau <me@ttaylorr.com>,
	Elijah Newren <newren@gmail.com>,
	Johannes Schindelin <Johannes.Schindelin@gmx.de>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v2 10/10] tag: don't misreport type of tagged objects in errors
Date: Thu, 1 Apr 2021 03:54:56 -0400
Message-ID: <YGV8UOsYUQt7Lpto@coredump.intra.peff.net> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <87eefvkq5d.fsf@evledraar.gmail.com>

On Wed, Mar 31, 2021 at 10:46:22PM +0200, Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason wrote:

> > Neither of those types is the correct one. And the segfault is just a
> > bonus! :)
> >
> > I'd expect similar cases with parsing commit parents and tree pointers.
> > And probably tree entries whose modes are wrong.
> 
> So the segfault happens without my patches,

Yeah, sorry if that was unclear. It is definitely a pre-existing bug.

> but the change is that
> before we'd always get it wrong and say "commit, not a tree", but now
> we'll get it right some of the time. Patching the relevant object.c code
> to emit different messages from the various functions shows that it's
> the oid_is_type*() functions that get it right, but object_as_type() is
> wrong as before.
> 
> So that's certainly something I missed.
> 
> But are there any cases where it makes things worse? Or is it just that
> it's not a full fix in all cases, but only a partial one?

Right, I don't think your patch is making anything worse. It's just that
it does not cover all cases where we see an object as two different
types. Nor can it, since it is relying on code paths that actually parse
the object, and not all of them do.

> > My point is that we are not always coming from parse_object_buffer()
> > when we see these error messages.
> 
> If my solution of relying on the parsed v.s. non-parsed shouldn't we
> just devolve to a full object info lookup when emitting the error? It's
> more expensive, but we're emitting an error anyway...

That's certainly one option (that I suggested earlier in [0]). If we go
that route, then we do not need any of this "the caller passes in an
extra bit to say that it is parsing the object, and it found a tree",
because the error routine in object_as_type() would consult the odb
itself.

But I still think it does not make the error messages fully useful. We
might say "object X is really a tree in the odb, but we previously saw
it as a commit". But we will still have to return NULL from
lookup_tree(), so whatever containing object referenced X, _even though
it has the correct type_, will be the one to propagate the failure up
the stack. It was whoever was responsible for that "previously saw" that
is actually corrupt, and we no longer know who that was.

Which is why I wonder if it is worth even bothering to put a lot of
effort in here. If the issue is just that "X is a foo, not a bar" is
sometimes misleading, then we could solve that by simply making the
message more precise ("we saw X as a foo and a bar; one of them is
wrong"). Even if we could know _which_ is wrong with respect to what's
in the object contents, it isn't all that helpful without being able to
tell the user which object reference was the one that led us to the
wrong conclusion.

-Peff

[0] https://lore.kernel.org/git/YGBHH7sAVsPpVKWd@coredump.intra.peff.net/

  reply index

Thread overview: 142+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2005-06-22  0:33 [PATCH 0/2] Pull objects of various types Daniel Barkalow
2005-06-22  0:35 ` [PATCH 1/2] Parse tags for absent objects Daniel Barkalow
2021-03-08 20:04   ` [PATCH 0/7] improve reporting of unexpected objects Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-03-28  2:13     ` [PATCH v2 00/10] " Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-03-28  2:13       ` [PATCH v2 01/10] object.c: stop supporting len == -1 in type_from_string_gently() Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-03-28  5:35         ` Junio C Hamano
2021-03-28 15:46           ` Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-03-28 18:25             ` Junio C Hamano
2021-04-22 18:09               ` Felipe Contreras
2021-03-28  2:13       ` [PATCH v2 02/10] object.c: refactor type_from_string_gently() Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-03-28  2:13       ` [PATCH v2 03/10] object.c: make type_from_string() return "enum object_type" Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-03-28  2:13       ` [PATCH v2 04/10] object-file.c: make oid_object_info() " Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-03-28  2:13       ` [PATCH v2 05/10] object-name.c: make dependency on object_type order more obvious Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-03-28  2:13       ` [PATCH v2 06/10] tree.c: fix misindentation in parse_tree_gently() Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-03-28  2:13       ` [PATCH v2 07/10] object.c: add a utility function for "expected type X, got Y" Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-03-28  2:13       ` [PATCH v2 08/10] object.c: add and use oid_is_type_or_die_msg() function Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-03-28  2:13       ` [PATCH v2 09/10] object tests: add test for unexpected objects in tags Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-03-28  2:13       ` [PATCH v2 10/10] tag: don't misreport type of tagged objects in errors Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-03-30  5:50         ` Junio C Hamano
2021-03-31 11:02           ` Jeff King
2021-03-31 18:05             ` Junio C Hamano
2021-03-31 18:31             ` Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-03-31 18:59               ` Jeff King
2021-03-31 20:46                 ` Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-04-01  7:54                   ` Jeff King [this message]
2021-04-01  8:32                     ` [PATCH] ref-filter: fix NULL check for parse object failure Jeff King
2021-04-01 13:56                       ` [PATCH v2 0/5] mktag tests & fix for-each-ref segfault Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-04-01 13:56                         ` [PATCH v2 1/5] mktag tests: parse out options in helper Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-04-01 13:56                         ` [PATCH v2 2/5] mktag tests: invert --no-strict test Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-04-01 13:56                         ` [PATCH v2 3/5] mktag tests: do fsck on failure Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-04-01 13:56                         ` [PATCH v2 4/5] mktag tests: test for maybe segfaulting for-each-ref Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-04-01 13:56                         ` [PATCH v2 5/5] ref-filter: fix NULL check for parse object failure Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-04-01 19:19                           ` Ramsay Jones
2021-04-01 19:56                         ` [PATCH v2 0/5] mktag tests & fix for-each-ref segfault Junio C Hamano
2021-04-02 11:37                           ` Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-04-02 20:51                             ` Junio C Hamano
2021-04-01 19:52                       ` [PATCH] ref-filter: fix NULL check for parse object failure Junio C Hamano
2021-03-31 18:41             ` [PATCH v2 10/10] tag: don't misreport type of tagged objects in errors Junio C Hamano
2021-03-31 19:00               ` Jeff King
2021-03-28  9:27       ` [PATCH v2 00/10] improve reporting of unexpected objects Jeff King
2021-03-29 13:34         ` Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-03-31 10:43           ` Jeff King
2021-04-09  8:07       ` [PATCH 0/2] blob/object.c: trivial readability improvements Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-04-09  8:07         ` [PATCH 1/2] blob.c: remove buffer & size arguments to parse_blob_buffer() Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-04-09 17:51           ` Jeff King
2021-04-09 22:31             ` Junio C Hamano
2021-04-10 12:57             ` Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-04-10 13:01               ` Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-04-13  8:25               ` Jeff King
2021-04-09  8:07         ` [PATCH 2/2] object.c: initialize automatic variable in lookup_object() Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-04-09 17:53           ` Jeff King
2021-04-09 22:32             ` Junio C Hamano
2021-04-09  8:32         ` [PATCH 0/6] {tag,object}*.c: refactorings + prep for a larger change Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-04-09  8:32           ` [PATCH 1/6] object.c: stop supporting len == -1 in type_from_string_gently() Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-04-09 18:06             ` Jeff King
2021-04-09 18:10               ` Jeff King
2021-04-09  8:32           ` [PATCH 2/6] object.c: remove "gently" argument to type_from_string_gently() Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-04-09 18:10             ` Jeff King
2021-04-09  8:32           ` [PATCH 3/6] object.c: make type_from_string() return "enum object_type" Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-04-09 18:14             ` Jeff King
2021-04-09 19:42               ` Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-04-09 21:29                 ` Jeff King
2021-04-09  8:32           ` [PATCH 4/6] object-file.c: make oid_object_info() " Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-04-09 18:24             ` Jeff King
2021-04-09  8:32           ` [PATCH 5/6] object-name.c: make dependency on object_type order more obvious Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-04-09 18:36             ` Jeff King
2021-04-09  8:32           ` [PATCH 6/6] tag.c: use type_from_string_gently() when parsing tags Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-04-09 18:42             ` Jeff King
2021-04-09  8:49           ` [PATCH 0/7] object.c: add and use "is expected" utility function + object_as_type() use Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-04-09  8:49             ` [PATCH 1/7] tree.c: fix misindentation in parse_tree_gently() Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-04-09  8:49             ` [PATCH 2/7] object.c: add a utility function for "expected type X, got Y" Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-04-09  8:49             ` [PATCH 3/7] object.c: add and use oid_is_type_or_die_msg() function Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-04-09  8:49             ` [PATCH 4/7] commit-graph: use obj->type, not object_as_type() Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-04-09  8:50             ` [PATCH 5/7] commit.c: don't use deref_tag() -> object_as_type() Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-04-09  8:50             ` [PATCH 6/7] object.c: normalize brace style in object_as_type() Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-04-09  8:50             ` [PATCH 7/7] object.c: remove "quiet" parameter from object_as_type() Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-04-20 13:36             ` [PATCH v2 0/8] object.c: add and use "is expected" utility function + object_as_type() use Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-04-20 13:36               ` [PATCH v2 1/8] tree.c: fix misindentation in parse_tree_gently() Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-04-20 13:36               ` [PATCH v2 2/8] object.c: add a utility function for "expected type X, got Y" Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-04-21 22:02                 ` Jonathan Tan
2021-04-22  6:10                   ` Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-04-20 13:36               ` [PATCH v2 3/8] object.c: add and use oid_is_type_or_die_msg() function Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-04-21 22:07                 ` Jonathan Tan
2021-04-21 23:28                 ` Josh Steadmon
2021-04-28  4:12                   ` Junio C Hamano
2021-04-20 13:36               ` [PATCH v2 4/8] commit-graph: use obj->type, not object_as_type() Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-04-20 13:36               ` [PATCH v2 5/8] branch tests: assert lookup_commit_reference_gently() error Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-04-20 13:36               ` [PATCH v2 6/8] commit.c: don't use deref_tag() -> object_as_type() Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-04-21 22:26                 ` Jonathan Tan
2021-04-20 13:36               ` [PATCH v2 7/8] object.c: normalize brace style in object_as_type() Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-04-20 13:37               ` [PATCH v2 8/8] object.c: remove "quiet" parameter from object_as_type() Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-04-20 13:00           ` [PATCH v2 00/10] {tag,object}*.c: refactorings + prep for a larger change Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-04-20 13:00             ` [PATCH v2 01/10] object.c: stop supporting len == -1 in type_from_string_gently() Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-04-20 13:00             ` [PATCH v2 02/10] object.c: remove "gently" argument to type_from_string_gently() Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-04-20 13:00             ` [PATCH v2 03/10] object.c: make type_from_string() return "enum object_type" Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-04-20 13:00             ` [PATCH v2 04/10] object-file.c: make oid_object_info() " Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-04-20 13:00             ` [PATCH v2 05/10] object-name.c: make dependency on object_type order more obvious Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-04-20 13:00             ` [PATCH v2 06/10] tag.c: use type_from_string_gently() when parsing tags Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-04-20 13:00             ` [PATCH v2 07/10] hash-object: pass along type length to object.c Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-04-20 13:00             ` [PATCH v2 08/10] hash-object: refactor nested else/if/if into else if/else if Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-04-20 13:00             ` [PATCH v2 09/10] hash-object: show usage on invalid --type Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-04-20 13:00             ` [PATCH v2 10/10] object.c: move type_from_string() code to its last user Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-04-20 12:50         ` [PATCH v2 00/10] object.c et al: tests, small bug fixes etc Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-04-20 12:50           ` [PATCH v2 01/10] cat-file tests: test for bogus type name handling Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-04-29  4:15             ` Junio C Hamano
2021-04-20 12:50           ` [PATCH v2 02/10] hash-object tests: more detailed test for invalid type Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-04-20 12:50           ` [PATCH v2 03/10] mktree tests: add test for invalid object type Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-04-20 12:50           ` [PATCH v2 04/10] object-file.c: take type id, not string, in read_object_with_reference() Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-04-29  4:37             ` Junio C Hamano
2021-04-20 12:50           ` [PATCH v2 05/10] {commit,tree,blob,tag}.c: add a create_{commit,tree,blob,tag}() Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-04-29  4:45             ` Junio C Hamano
2021-04-29 12:01               ` Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-04-20 12:50           ` [PATCH v2 06/10] blob.c: remove parse_blob_buffer() Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-04-29  4:51             ` Junio C Hamano
2021-04-20 12:50           ` [PATCH v2 07/10] object.c: simplify return semantic of parse_object_buffer() Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-04-20 12:50           ` [PATCH v2 08/10] object.c: don't go past "len" under die() in type_from_string_gently() Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-04-29  4:55             ` Junio C Hamano
2021-04-20 12:50           ` [PATCH v2 09/10] mktree: stop setting *ntr++ to NIL Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-04-29  5:01             ` Junio C Hamano
2021-04-20 12:50           ` [PATCH v2 10/10] mktree: emit a more detailed error when the <type> is invalid Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-03-08 20:04   ` [PATCH 1/7] object.c: refactor type_from_string_gently() Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-03-08 20:52     ` Taylor Blau
2021-03-09 10:46     ` Jeff King
2021-03-08 20:04   ` [PATCH 2/7] object.c: make type_from_string() return "enum object_type" Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-03-08 20:56     ` Taylor Blau
2021-03-08 21:48     ` Junio C Hamano
2021-03-08 20:04   ` [PATCH 3/7] oid_object_info(): " Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-03-08 21:54     ` Junio C Hamano
2021-03-08 22:32       ` Junio C Hamano
2021-03-09 10:34     ` Jeff King
2021-03-08 20:04   ` [PATCH 4/7] tree.c: fix misindentation in parse_tree_gently() Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-03-08 20:04   ` [PATCH 5/7] object.c: add a utility function for "expected type X, got Y" Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-03-08 20:59     ` Taylor Blau
2021-03-08 22:15     ` Junio C Hamano
2021-03-08 20:04   ` [PATCH 6/7] object tests: add test for unexpected objects in tags Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-03-09 10:44     ` Jeff King
2021-03-28  1:35       ` Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-03-28  9:06         ` Jeff King
2021-03-28 15:39           ` Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-03-29  9:16             ` Jeff King
2021-03-08 20:04   ` [PATCH 7/7] tag: don't misreport type of tagged objects in errors Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2005-06-22  0:35 ` [PATCH 2/2] Pull misc objects Daniel Barkalow

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