historical-speck.lore.kernel.org archive mirror
 help / color / mirror / Atom feed
From: Pawan Gupta <pawan.kumar.gupta@linux.intel.com>
To: speck@linutronix.de
Subject: [MODERATED] [PATCH 3/9] TAA v2 3
Date: Wed, 23 Oct 2019 11:01:53 +0200	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <fb8467132056051c8f3082a93b8708ed71137cf8.1572168937.git.bp@suse.de> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <cover.1572168937.git.bp@suse.de>

From: Pawan Gupta <pawan.kumar.gupta@linux.intel.com>
Subject: [PATCH 3/9] x86/cpu: Add a "tsx=" cmdline option with TSX disabled by
 default

Add a kernel cmdline parameter "tsx" to control the Transactional
Synchronization Extensions (TSX) feature. On CPUs that support TSX
control, use "tsx=on|off" to enable or disable TSX. Not specifying this
option is equivalent to "tsx=off". This is because on certain processors
TSX may be used as a part of a speculative side channel attack.

Carve out the TSX controlling functionality into a separate compilation
unit because TSX is a CPU feature while the TSX async abort control
machinery will go to cpu/bugs.c.

 [ bp: - Massage, shorten and clear the arg buffer.
       - Clarifications of the tsx= possible options - Josh.
       - Expand on TSX_CTRL availability - Pawan. ]

Signed-off-by: Pawan Gupta <pawan.kumar.gupta@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Reviewed-by: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Babu Moger <Babu.Moger@amd.com>
Cc: Fenghua Yu <fenghua.yu@intel.com>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Cc: linux-doc@vger.kernel.org
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
Cc: Rahul Tanwar <rahul.tanwar@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Ricardo Neri <ricardo.neri-calderon@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Sean Christopherson <sean.j.christopherson@intel.com>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: x86-ml <x86@kernel.org>
Cc: Zhao Yakui <yakui.zhao@intel.com>
---
 .../admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt         |  26 ++++
 arch/x86/kernel/cpu/Makefile                  |   2 +-
 arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c                  |   2 +
 arch/x86/kernel/cpu/cpu.h                     |  18 +++
 arch/x86/kernel/cpu/intel.c                   |   5 +
 arch/x86/kernel/cpu/tsx.c                     | 125 ++++++++++++++++++
 6 files changed, 177 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
 create mode 100644 arch/x86/kernel/cpu/tsx.c

diff --git a/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt b/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
index a84a83f8881e..af4b1d95b08f 100644
--- a/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
+++ b/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
@@ -4848,6 +4848,32 @@
 			interruptions from clocksource watchdog are not
 			acceptable).
 
+	tsx=		[X86] Control Transactional Synchronization
+			Extensions (TSX) feature in Intel processors that
+			support TSX control.
+
+			This parameter controls the TSX feature. The options are:
+
+			on	- Enable TSX on the system. Although there are
+				mitigations for all known security vulnerabilities,
+				TSX has been known to be an accelerator for
+				several previous speculation-related CVEs, and
+				so there may be unknown	security risks associated
+				with leaving it enabled.
+
+			off	- Disable TSX on the system. (Note that this
+				option takes effect only on newer CPUs which are
+				not vulnerable to MDS, i.e., have
+				MSR_IA32_ARCH_CAPABILITIES.MDS_NO=1 and which get
+				the new IA32_TSX_CTRL MSR through a microcode
+				update. This new MSR allows for the reliable
+				deactivation of the TSX functionality.)
+
+			Not specifying this option is equivalent to tsx=off.
+
+			See Documentation/admin-guide/hw-vuln/tsx_async_abort.rst
+			for more details.
+
 	turbografx.map[2|3]=	[HW,JOY]
 			TurboGraFX parallel port interface
 			Format:
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/Makefile b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/Makefile
index d7a1e5a9331c..890f60083eca 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/Makefile
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/Makefile
@@ -30,7 +30,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_PROC_FS)	+= proc.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_X86_FEATURE_NAMES) += capflags.o powerflags.o
 
 ifdef CONFIG_CPU_SUP_INTEL
-obj-y			+= intel.o intel_pconfig.o
+obj-y			+= intel.o intel_pconfig.o tsx.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_PM)	+= intel_epb.o
 endif
 obj-$(CONFIG_CPU_SUP_AMD)		+= amd.o
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c
index 897c8302d982..885d4ac2111a 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c
@@ -1561,6 +1561,8 @@ void __init identify_boot_cpu(void)
 #endif
 	cpu_detect_tlb(&boot_cpu_data);
 	setup_cr_pinning();
+
+	tsx_init();
 }
 
 void identify_secondary_cpu(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/cpu.h b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/cpu.h
index c0e2407abdd6..38ab6e115eac 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/cpu.h
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/cpu.h
@@ -44,6 +44,22 @@ struct _tlb_table {
 extern const struct cpu_dev *const __x86_cpu_dev_start[],
 			    *const __x86_cpu_dev_end[];
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_CPU_SUP_INTEL
+enum tsx_ctrl_states {
+	TSX_CTRL_ENABLE,
+	TSX_CTRL_DISABLE,
+	TSX_CTRL_NOT_SUPPORTED,
+};
+
+extern __ro_after_init enum tsx_ctrl_states tsx_ctrl_state;
+
+extern void __init tsx_init(void);
+extern void tsx_enable(void);
+extern void tsx_disable(void);
+#else
+static inline void tsx_init(void) { }
+#endif /* CONFIG_CPU_SUP_INTEL */
+
 extern void get_cpu_cap(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c);
 extern void get_cpu_address_sizes(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c);
 extern void cpu_detect_cache_sizes(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c);
@@ -62,4 +78,6 @@ unsigned int aperfmperf_get_khz(int cpu);
 
 extern void x86_spec_ctrl_setup_ap(void);
 
+extern u64 x86_read_arch_cap_msr(void);
+
 #endif /* ARCH_X86_CPU_H */
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/intel.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/intel.c
index c2fdc00df163..11d5c5950e2d 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/intel.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/intel.c
@@ -762,6 +762,11 @@ static void init_intel(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
 		detect_tme(c);
 
 	init_intel_misc_features(c);
+
+	if (tsx_ctrl_state == TSX_CTRL_ENABLE)
+		tsx_enable();
+	if (tsx_ctrl_state == TSX_CTRL_DISABLE)
+		tsx_disable();
 }
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/tsx.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/tsx.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..04471c4378d8
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/tsx.c
@@ -0,0 +1,125 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+/*
+ * Intel Transactional Synchronization Extensions (TSX) control.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2019 Intel Corporation
+ *
+ * Author:
+ *	Pawan Gupta <pawan.kumar.gupta@linux.intel.com>
+ */
+
+#include <linux/cpufeature.h>
+
+#include <asm/cmdline.h>
+
+#include "cpu.h"
+
+enum tsx_ctrl_states tsx_ctrl_state __ro_after_init = TSX_CTRL_NOT_SUPPORTED;
+
+void tsx_disable(void)
+{
+	u64 tsx;
+
+	rdmsrl(MSR_IA32_TSX_CTRL, tsx);
+
+	/* Force all transactions to immediately abort */
+	tsx |= TSX_CTRL_RTM_DISABLE;
+
+	/*
+	 * Ensure TSX support is not enumerated in CPUID.
+	 * This is visible to userspace and will ensure they
+	 * do not waste resources trying TSX transactions that
+	 * will always abort.
+	 */
+	tsx |= TSX_CTRL_CPUID_CLEAR;
+
+	wrmsrl(MSR_IA32_TSX_CTRL, tsx);
+}
+
+void tsx_enable(void)
+{
+	u64 tsx;
+
+	rdmsrl(MSR_IA32_TSX_CTRL, tsx);
+
+	/* Enable the RTM feature in the cpu */
+	tsx &= ~TSX_CTRL_RTM_DISABLE;
+
+	/*
+	 * Ensure TSX support is enumerated in CPUID.
+	 * This is visible to userspace and will ensure they
+	 * can enumerate and use the TSX feature.
+	 */
+	tsx &= ~TSX_CTRL_CPUID_CLEAR;
+
+	wrmsrl(MSR_IA32_TSX_CTRL, tsx);
+}
+
+static bool __init tsx_ctrl_is_supported(void)
+{
+	u64 ia32_cap = x86_read_arch_cap_msr();
+
+	/*
+	 * TSX is controlled via MSR_IA32_TSX_CTRL.  However, support for this
+	 * MSR is enumerated by ARCH_CAP_TSX_MSR bit in MSR_IA32_ARCH_CAPABILITIES.
+	 *
+	 * TSX control (aka MSR_IA32_TSX_CTRL) is only available after a
+	 * microcode update on CPUs that have their MSR_IA32_ARCH_CAPABILITIES
+	 * bit MDS_NO=1. CPUs with MDS_NO=0 are not planned to get
+	 * MSR_IA32_TSX_CTRL support even after a microcode update. Thus,
+	 * tsx= cmdline requests will do nothing on CPUs without
+	 * MSR_IA32_TSX_CTRL support.
+	 */
+	return !!(ia32_cap & ARCH_CAP_TSX_CTRL_MSR);
+}
+
+void __init tsx_init(void)
+{
+	char arg[4] = {};
+	int ret;
+
+	if (!tsx_ctrl_is_supported())
+		return;
+
+	ret = cmdline_find_option(boot_command_line, "tsx", arg, sizeof(arg));
+	if (ret >= 0) {
+		if (!strcmp(arg, "on")) {
+			tsx_ctrl_state = TSX_CTRL_ENABLE;
+		} else if (!strcmp(arg, "off")) {
+			tsx_ctrl_state = TSX_CTRL_DISABLE;
+		} else {
+			tsx_ctrl_state = TSX_CTRL_DISABLE;
+			pr_err("tsx: invalid option, defaulting to off\n");
+		}
+	} else {
+		/* tsx= not provided, defaulting to off */
+		tsx_ctrl_state = TSX_CTRL_DISABLE;
+	}
+
+	if (tsx_ctrl_state == TSX_CTRL_DISABLE) {
+		tsx_disable();
+
+		/*
+		 * tsx_disable() will change the state of the
+		 * RTM CPUID bit.  Clear it here since it is now
+		 * expected to be not set.
+		 */
+		setup_clear_cpu_cap(X86_FEATURE_RTM);
+	} else if (tsx_ctrl_state == TSX_CTRL_ENABLE) {
+
+		/*
+		 * HW defaults TSX to be enabled at bootup.
+		 * We may still need the TSX enable support
+		 * during init for special cases like
+		 * kexec after TSX is disabled.
+		 */
+		tsx_enable();
+
+		/*
+		 * tsx_enable() will change the state of the
+		 * RTM CPUID bit.  Force it here since it is now
+		 * expected to be set.
+		 */
+		setup_force_cpu_cap(X86_FEATURE_RTM);
+	}
+}
-- 
2.21.0

  parent reply	other threads:[~2019-10-27  9:42 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 11+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-10-27  9:35 [MODERATED] [PATCH 0/9] TAA v2 0 Borislav Petkov
2019-10-23  8:45 ` [MODERATED] [PATCH 1/9] TAA v2 1 Pawan Gupta
2019-10-23  8:52 ` [MODERATED] [PATCH 2/9] TAA v2 2 Pawan Gupta
2019-10-28  7:36   ` Thomas Gleixner
2019-10-23  9:01 ` Pawan Gupta [this message]
2019-10-23  9:30 ` [MODERATED] [PATCH 4/9] TAA v2 4 Pawan Gupta
2019-10-23 10:19 ` [MODERATED] [PATCH 5/9] TAA v2 5 Pawan Gupta
2019-10-23 10:23 ` [MODERATED] [PATCH 6/9] TAA v2 6 Pawan Gupta
2019-10-23 10:28 ` [MODERATED] [PATCH 7/9] TAA v2 7 Pawan Gupta
2019-10-23 10:32 ` [MODERATED] [PATCH 8/9] TAA v2 8 Pawan Gupta
2019-10-23 10:35 ` [MODERATED] [PATCH 9/9] TAA v2 9 Michal Hocko

Reply instructions:

You may reply publicly to this message via plain-text email
using any one of the following methods:

* Save the following mbox file, import it into your mail client,
  and reply-to-all from there: mbox

  Avoid top-posting and favor interleaved quoting:
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Posting_style#Interleaved_style

* Reply using the --to, --cc, and --in-reply-to
  switches of git-send-email(1):

  git send-email \
    --in-reply-to=fb8467132056051c8f3082a93b8708ed71137cf8.1572168937.git.bp@suse.de \
    --to=pawan.kumar.gupta@linux.intel.com \
    --cc=speck@linutronix.de \
    --subject='Re: [MODERATED] [PATCH 3/9] TAA v2 3' \
    /path/to/YOUR_REPLY

  https://kernel.org/pub/software/scm/git/docs/git-send-email.html

* If your mail client supports setting the In-Reply-To header
  via mailto: links, try the mailto: link

This is a public inbox, see mirroring instructions
for how to clone and mirror all data and code used for this inbox;
as well as URLs for NNTP newsgroup(s).