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From: Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com>
To: Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>
Cc: <cjia@nvidia.com>, <kevin.tian@intel.com>, <ziye.yang@intel.com>,
	<changpeng.liu@intel.com>, <yi.l.liu@intel.com>,
	<mlevitsk@redhat.com>, <eskultet@redhat.com>, <cohuck@redhat.com>,
	<dgilbert@redhat.com>, <jonathan.davies@nutanix.com>,
	<eauger@redhat.com>, <aik@ozlabs.ru>, <pasic@linux.ibm.com>,
	<felipe@nutanix.com>, <Zhengxiao.zx@Alibaba-inc.com>,
	<shuangtai.tst@alibaba-inc.com>, <Ken.Xue@amd.com>,
	<zhi.a.wang@intel.com>, <yan.y.zhao@intel.com>,
	<qemu-devel@nongnu.org>, <kvm@vger.kernel.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v16 Kernel 4/7] vfio iommu: Implementation of ioctl for dirty pages tracking.
Date: Tue, 24 Mar 2020 14:45:07 -0600
Message-ID: <20200324144507.5e11a50d@w520.home> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20200324143716.64cf0cc9@w520.home>

On Tue, 24 Mar 2020 14:37:16 -0600
Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com> wrote:

> On Wed, 25 Mar 2020 01:02:36 +0530
> Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com> wrote:
> 
> > VFIO_IOMMU_DIRTY_PAGES ioctl performs three operations:
> > - Start dirty pages tracking while migration is active
> > - Stop dirty pages tracking.
> > - Get dirty pages bitmap. Its user space application's responsibility to
> >   copy content of dirty pages from source to destination during migration.
> > 
> > To prevent DoS attack, memory for bitmap is allocated per vfio_dma
> > structure. Bitmap size is calculated considering smallest supported page
> > size. Bitmap is allocated for all vfio_dmas when dirty logging is enabled
> > 
> > Bitmap is populated for already pinned pages when bitmap is allocated for
> > a vfio_dma with the smallest supported page size. Update bitmap from
> > pinning functions when tracking is enabled. When user application queries
> > bitmap, check if requested page size is same as page size used to
> > populated bitmap. If it is equal, copy bitmap, but if not equal, return
> > error.
> > 
> > Signed-off-by: Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>
> > Reviewed-by: Neo Jia <cjia@nvidia.com>
> > ---
> >  drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c | 265 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
> >  1 file changed, 259 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)
> > 
> > diff --git a/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c b/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
> > index 70aeab921d0f..27ed069c5053 100644
> > --- a/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
> > +++ b/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
> > @@ -71,6 +71,7 @@ struct vfio_iommu {
> >  	unsigned int		dma_avail;
> >  	bool			v2;
> >  	bool			nesting;
> > +	bool			dirty_page_tracking;
> >  };
> >  
> >  struct vfio_domain {
> > @@ -91,6 +92,7 @@ struct vfio_dma {
> >  	bool			lock_cap;	/* capable(CAP_IPC_LOCK) */
> >  	struct task_struct	*task;
> >  	struct rb_root		pfn_list;	/* Ex-user pinned pfn list */
> > +	unsigned long		*bitmap;
> >  };
> >  
> >  struct vfio_group {
> > @@ -125,7 +127,21 @@ struct vfio_regions {
> >  #define IS_IOMMU_CAP_DOMAIN_IN_CONTAINER(iommu)	\
> >  					(!list_empty(&iommu->domain_list))
> >  
> > +#define DIRTY_BITMAP_BYTES(n)	(ALIGN(n, BITS_PER_TYPE(u64)) / BITS_PER_BYTE)
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * Input argument of number of bits to bitmap_set() is unsigned integer, which
> > + * further casts to signed integer for unaligned multi-bit operation,
> > + * __bitmap_set().
> > + * Then maximum bitmap size supported is 2^31 bits divided by 2^3 bits/byte,
> > + * that is 2^28 (256 MB) which maps to 2^31 * 2^12 = 2^43 (8TB) on 4K page
> > + * system.
> > + */
> > +#define DIRTY_BITMAP_PAGES_MAX	(uint64_t)(INT_MAX - 1)
> > +#define DIRTY_BITMAP_SIZE_MAX	 DIRTY_BITMAP_BYTES(DIRTY_BITMAP_PAGES_MAX)
> > +
> >  static int put_pfn(unsigned long pfn, int prot);
> > +static unsigned long vfio_pgsize_bitmap(struct vfio_iommu *iommu);
> >  
> >  /*
> >   * This code handles mapping and unmapping of user data buffers
> > @@ -175,6 +191,77 @@ static void vfio_unlink_dma(struct vfio_iommu *iommu, struct vfio_dma *old)
> >  	rb_erase(&old->node, &iommu->dma_list);
> >  }
> >  
> > +
> > +static int vfio_dma_bitmap_alloc(struct vfio_dma *dma, uint64_t pgsize)
> > +{
> > +	uint64_t npages = dma->size / pgsize;
> > +
> > +	if (npages > DIRTY_BITMAP_PAGES_MAX)
> > +		return -EINVAL;
> > +
> > +	dma->bitmap = kvzalloc(DIRTY_BITMAP_BYTES(npages), GFP_KERNEL);
> > +	if (!dma->bitmap)
> > +		return -ENOMEM;
> > +
> > +	return 0;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static void vfio_dma_bitmap_free(struct vfio_dma *dma)
> > +{
> > +	kfree(dma->bitmap);
> > +	dma->bitmap = NULL;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static void vfio_dma_populate_bitmap(struct vfio_dma *dma, uint64_t pgsize)
> > +{
> > +	struct rb_node *p;
> > +
> > +	if (RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&dma->pfn_list))
> > +		return;
> > +
> > +	for (p = rb_first(&dma->pfn_list); p; p = rb_next(p)) {
> > +		struct vfio_pfn *vpfn = rb_entry(p, struct vfio_pfn, node);
> > +
> > +		bitmap_set(dma->bitmap, (vpfn->iova - dma->iova) / pgsize, 1);
> > +	}
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int vfio_dma_bitmap_alloc_all(struct vfio_iommu *iommu, uint64_t pgsize)
> > +{
> > +	struct rb_node *n = rb_first(&iommu->dma_list);
> > +
> > +	for (; n; n = rb_next(n)) {
> > +		struct vfio_dma *dma = rb_entry(n, struct vfio_dma, node);
> > +		int ret;
> > +
> > +		ret = vfio_dma_bitmap_alloc(dma, pgsize);
> > +		if (ret) {
> > +			struct rb_node *p = rb_prev(n);
> > +
> > +			for (; p; p = rb_prev(p)) {
> > +				struct vfio_dma *dma = rb_entry(n,
> > +							struct vfio_dma, node);
> > +
> > +				vfio_dma_bitmap_free(dma);
> > +			}
> > +			return ret;
> > +		}
> > +		vfio_dma_populate_bitmap(dma, pgsize);
> > +	}
> > +	return 0;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static void vfio_dma_bitmap_free_all(struct vfio_iommu *iommu)
> > +{
> > +	struct rb_node *n = rb_first(&iommu->dma_list);
> > +
> > +	for (; n; n = rb_next(n)) {
> > +		struct vfio_dma *dma = rb_entry(n, struct vfio_dma, node);
> > +
> > +		vfio_dma_bitmap_free(dma);
> > +	}
> > +}
> > +
> >  /*
> >   * Helper Functions for host iova-pfn list
> >   */
> > @@ -567,6 +654,18 @@ static int vfio_iommu_type1_pin_pages(void *iommu_data,
> >  			vfio_unpin_page_external(dma, iova, do_accounting);
> >  			goto pin_unwind;
> >  		}
> > +
> > +		if (iommu->dirty_page_tracking) {
> > +			unsigned long pgshift =
> > +					 __ffs(vfio_pgsize_bitmap(iommu));
> > +
> > +			/*
> > +			 * Bitmap populated with the smallest supported page
> > +			 * size
> > +			 */
> > +			bitmap_set(dma->bitmap,
> > +				   (vpfn->iova - dma->iova) >> pgshift, 1);
> > +		}
> >  	}
> >  
> >  	ret = i;
> > @@ -801,6 +900,7 @@ static void vfio_remove_dma(struct vfio_iommu *iommu, struct vfio_dma *dma)
> >  	vfio_unmap_unpin(iommu, dma, true);
> >  	vfio_unlink_dma(iommu, dma);
> >  	put_task_struct(dma->task);
> > +	vfio_dma_bitmap_free(dma);
> >  	kfree(dma);
> >  	iommu->dma_avail++;
> >  }
> > @@ -831,6 +931,56 @@ static unsigned long vfio_pgsize_bitmap(struct vfio_iommu *iommu)
> >  	return bitmap;
> >  }
> >  
> > +static int vfio_iova_dirty_bitmap(struct vfio_iommu *iommu, dma_addr_t iova,
> > +				  size_t size, uint64_t pgsize,
> > +				  u64 __user *bitmap)
> > +{
> > +	struct vfio_dma *dma;
> > +	unsigned long pgshift = __ffs(pgsize);
> > +	unsigned int npages, bitmap_size;
> > +
> > +	dma = vfio_find_dma(iommu, iova, 1);
> > +
> > +	if (!dma)
> > +		return -EINVAL;
> > +
> > +	if (dma->iova != iova || dma->size != size)
> > +		return -EINVAL;
> > +
> > +	npages = dma->size >> pgshift;
> > +	bitmap_size = DIRTY_BITMAP_BYTES(npages);
> > +
> > +	/* mark all pages dirty if all pages are pinned and mapped. */
> > +	if (dma->iommu_mapped)
> > +		bitmap_set(dma->bitmap, 0, npages);
> > +
> > +	if (copy_to_user((void __user *)bitmap, dma->bitmap, bitmap_size))
> > +		return -EFAULT;
> > +
> > +	/*
> > +	 * Re-populate bitmap to include all pinned pages which are considered
> > +	 * as dirty but exclude pages which are unpinned and pages which are
> > +	 * marked dirty by vfio_dma_rw()
> > +	 */
> > +	vfio_dma_populate_bitmap(dma, pgsize);  
> 
> vfio_dma_populate_bitmap() only sets bits, it doesn't clear them.
> Shouldn't we do a memset() zero before calling this?  Thanks,

Or a bitmap_clear() would be better given we use bitmap_set() above.
Thanks,

Alex


  reply index

Thread overview: 42+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-03-24 19:32 [PATCH v16 Kernel 0/7] KABIs to support migration for VFIO devices Kirti Wankhede
2020-03-24 19:32 ` [PATCH v16 Kernel 1/7] vfio: KABI for migration interface for device state Kirti Wankhede
2020-03-26 10:41   ` Cornelia Huck
2020-03-26 21:39     ` Kirti Wankhede
2020-03-24 19:32 ` [PATCH v16 Kernel 2/7] vfio iommu: Remove atomicity of ref_count of pinned pages Kirti Wankhede
2020-03-26 10:49   ` Cornelia Huck
2020-03-26 21:45     ` Kirti Wankhede
2020-03-24 19:32 ` [PATCH v16 Kernel 3/7] vfio iommu: Add ioctl definition for dirty pages tracking Kirti Wankhede
2020-03-24 19:32 ` [PATCH v16 Kernel 4/7] vfio iommu: Implementation of ioctl " Kirti Wankhede
2020-03-24 20:37   ` Alex Williamson
2020-03-24 20:45     ` Alex Williamson [this message]
2020-03-24 21:48       ` Kirti Wankhede
2020-03-24 19:32 ` [PATCH v16 Kernel 5/7] vfio iommu: Update UNMAP_DMA ioctl to get dirty bitmap before unmap Kirti Wankhede
2020-03-25  2:18   ` Yan Zhao
2020-03-26 21:39     ` Kirti Wankhede
2020-03-27  0:04       ` Yan Zhao
2020-03-27  4:42         ` Kirti Wankhede
2020-03-30  2:15           ` Yan Zhao
2020-04-01 18:04             ` Kirti Wankhede
2020-03-24 19:32 ` [PATCH v16 Kernel 6/7] vfio iommu: Adds flag to indicate dirty pages tracking capability support Kirti Wankhede
2020-03-24 19:32 ` [PATCH v16 Kernel 7/7] vfio: Selective dirty page tracking if IOMMU backed device pins pages Kirti Wankhede
2020-03-24 21:18 [PATCH v16 Kernel 4/7] vfio iommu: Implementation of ioctl for dirty pages tracking Kirti Wankhede
2020-03-25  2:11 ` Yan Zhao
2020-03-26 21:39   ` Kirti Wankhede
2020-03-27  0:30     ` Yan Zhao
2020-03-27  5:07       ` Kirti Wankhede
2020-03-30  2:07         ` Yan Zhao
2020-03-30 20:47           ` Alex Williamson
2020-03-30 23:49             ` Yan Zhao
2020-03-27  5:28       ` Kirti Wankhede
2020-03-30  3:24         ` Yan Zhao
2020-03-30 13:49           ` Kirti Wankhede
2020-03-30 23:51             ` Yan Zhao
2020-03-31  0:53               ` Alex Williamson
2020-03-31  0:50                 ` Yan Zhao
2020-03-31  1:12                   ` Alex Williamson
2020-03-31  1:16                     ` Yan Zhao
2020-03-31  2:38                       ` Alex Williamson
2020-03-31  2:40                         ` Zhao, Yan Y
2020-03-27 11:57 ` Dr. David Alan Gilbert
2020-03-27 13:57   ` Alex Williamson
2020-03-27 14:09     ` Dr. David Alan Gilbert

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