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From: ilstam@mailbox.org
To: kvm@vger.kernel.org, pbonzini@redhat.com
Cc: ilstam@amazon.com, seanjc@google.com, vkuznets@redhat.com,
	wanpengli@tencent.com, jmattson@google.com, joro@8bytes.org,
	haozhong.zhang@intel.com, zamsden@gmail.com, mtosatti@redhat.com,
	dplotnikov@virtuozzo.com, dwmw@amazon.co.uk
Subject: [PATCH 8/8] KVM: selftests: x86: Add vmx_nested_tsc_scaling_test
Date: Thu,  6 May 2021 10:32:28 +0000	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20210506103228.67864-9-ilstam@mailbox.org> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20210506103228.67864-1-ilstam@mailbox.org>

From: Ilias Stamatis <ilstam@amazon.com>

Test that nested TSC scaling works as expected with both L1 and L2
scaled.

Signed-off-by: Ilias Stamatis <ilstam@amazon.com>
---
 tools/testing/selftests/kvm/.gitignore        |   1 +
 tools/testing/selftests/kvm/Makefile          |   1 +
 .../kvm/x86_64/vmx_nested_tsc_scaling_test.c  | 209 ++++++++++++++++++
 3 files changed, 211 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/kvm/x86_64/vmx_nested_tsc_scaling_test.c

diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/kvm/.gitignore b/tools/testing/selftests/kvm/.gitignore
index bd83158e0e0b..cc02022f9951 100644
--- a/tools/testing/selftests/kvm/.gitignore
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/kvm/.gitignore
@@ -29,6 +29,7 @@
 /x86_64/vmx_preemption_timer_test
 /x86_64/vmx_set_nested_state_test
 /x86_64/vmx_tsc_adjust_test
+/x86_64/vmx_nested_tsc_scaling_test
 /x86_64/xapic_ipi_test
 /x86_64/xen_shinfo_test
 /x86_64/xen_vmcall_test
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/kvm/Makefile b/tools/testing/selftests/kvm/Makefile
index e439d027939d..1078240b1313 100644
--- a/tools/testing/selftests/kvm/Makefile
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/kvm/Makefile
@@ -60,6 +60,7 @@ TEST_GEN_PROGS_x86_64 += x86_64/vmx_close_while_nested_test
 TEST_GEN_PROGS_x86_64 += x86_64/vmx_dirty_log_test
 TEST_GEN_PROGS_x86_64 += x86_64/vmx_set_nested_state_test
 TEST_GEN_PROGS_x86_64 += x86_64/vmx_tsc_adjust_test
+TEST_GEN_PROGS_x86_64 += x86_64/vmx_nested_tsc_scaling_test
 TEST_GEN_PROGS_x86_64 += x86_64/xapic_ipi_test
 TEST_GEN_PROGS_x86_64 += x86_64/xss_msr_test
 TEST_GEN_PROGS_x86_64 += x86_64/debug_regs
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/kvm/x86_64/vmx_nested_tsc_scaling_test.c b/tools/testing/selftests/kvm/x86_64/vmx_nested_tsc_scaling_test.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..b05f5151ecbe
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/kvm/x86_64/vmx_nested_tsc_scaling_test.c
@@ -0,0 +1,209 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
+/*
+ * vmx_nested_tsc_scaling_test
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2021 Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates.
+ *
+ * This test case verifies that nested TSC scaling behaves as expected when
+ * both L1 and L2 are scaled using different ratios. For this test we scale
+ * L1 down and scale L2 up.
+ */
+
+
+#include "kvm_util.h"
+#include "vmx.h"
+#include "kselftest.h"
+
+
+#define VCPU_ID 0
+
+/* L1 is scaled down by this factor */
+#define L1_SCALE_FACTOR 2ULL
+/* L2 is scaled up (from L1's perspective) by this factor */
+#define L2_SCALE_FACTOR 4ULL
+
+#define TSC_OFFSET_L2 (1UL << 32)
+#define TSC_MULTIPLIER_L2 (L2_SCALE_FACTOR << 48)
+
+#define L2_GUEST_STACK_SIZE 64
+
+enum { USLEEP, UCHECK_L1, UCHECK_L2 };
+#define GUEST_SLEEP(sec)         ucall(UCALL_SYNC, 2, USLEEP, sec)
+#define GUEST_CHECK(level, freq) ucall(UCALL_SYNC, 2, level, freq)
+
+
+/*
+ * This function checks whether the "actual" TSC frequency of a guest matches
+ * its expected frequency. In order to account for delays in taking the TSC
+ * measurements, a difference of 1% between the actual and the expected value
+ * is tolerated.
+ */
+static void compare_tsc_freq(uint64_t actual, uint64_t expected)
+{
+	uint64_t tolerance, thresh_low, thresh_high;
+
+	tolerance = expected / 100;
+	thresh_low = expected - tolerance;
+	thresh_high = expected + tolerance;
+
+	TEST_ASSERT(thresh_low < actual,
+		"TSC freq is expected to be between %"PRIu64" and %"PRIu64
+		" but it actually is %"PRIu64,
+		thresh_low, thresh_high, actual);
+	TEST_ASSERT(thresh_high > actual,
+		"TSC freq is expected to be between %"PRIu64" and %"PRIu64
+		" but it actually is %"PRIu64,
+		thresh_low, thresh_high, actual);
+}
+
+static void check_tsc_freq(int level)
+{
+	uint64_t tsc_start, tsc_end, tsc_freq;
+
+	/*
+	 * Reading the TSC twice with about a second's difference should give
+	 * us an approximation of the TSC frequency from the guest's
+	 * perspective. Now, this won't be completely accurate, but it should
+	 * be good enough for the purposes of this test.
+	 */
+	tsc_start = rdmsr(MSR_IA32_TSC);
+	GUEST_SLEEP(1);
+	tsc_end = rdmsr(MSR_IA32_TSC);
+
+	tsc_freq = tsc_end - tsc_start;
+
+	GUEST_CHECK(level, tsc_freq);
+}
+
+static void l2_guest_code(void)
+{
+	check_tsc_freq(UCHECK_L2);
+
+	/* exit to L1 */
+	__asm__ __volatile__("vmcall");
+}
+
+static void l1_guest_code(struct vmx_pages *vmx_pages)
+{
+	unsigned long l2_guest_stack[L2_GUEST_STACK_SIZE];
+	uint32_t control;
+
+	/* check that L1's frequency looks alright before launching L2 */
+	check_tsc_freq(UCHECK_L1);
+
+	GUEST_ASSERT(prepare_for_vmx_operation(vmx_pages));
+	GUEST_ASSERT(load_vmcs(vmx_pages));
+
+	/* prepare the VMCS for L2 execution */
+	prepare_vmcs(vmx_pages, l2_guest_code, &l2_guest_stack[L2_GUEST_STACK_SIZE]);
+
+	/* enable TSC offsetting and TSC scaling for L2 */
+	control = vmreadz(CPU_BASED_VM_EXEC_CONTROL);
+	control |= CPU_BASED_USE_MSR_BITMAPS | CPU_BASED_USE_TSC_OFFSETTING;
+	vmwrite(CPU_BASED_VM_EXEC_CONTROL, control);
+
+	control = vmreadz(SECONDARY_VM_EXEC_CONTROL);
+	control |= SECONDARY_EXEC_TSC_SCALING;
+	vmwrite(SECONDARY_VM_EXEC_CONTROL, control);
+
+	vmwrite(TSC_OFFSET, TSC_OFFSET_L2);
+	vmwrite(TSC_MULTIPLIER, TSC_MULTIPLIER_L2);
+	vmwrite(TSC_MULTIPLIER_HIGH, TSC_MULTIPLIER_L2 >> 32);
+
+	/* launch L2 */
+	GUEST_ASSERT(!vmlaunch());
+	GUEST_ASSERT(vmreadz(VM_EXIT_REASON) == EXIT_REASON_VMCALL);
+
+	/* check that L1's frequency still looks good */
+	check_tsc_freq(UCHECK_L1);
+
+	GUEST_DONE();
+}
+
+static void tsc_scaling_check_supported(void)
+{
+	if (!kvm_check_cap(KVM_CAP_TSC_CONTROL)) {
+		print_skip("TSC scaling not supported by the HW");
+		exit(KSFT_SKIP);
+	}
+}
+
+int main(int argc, char *argv[])
+{
+	struct kvm_vm *vm;
+	vm_vaddr_t vmx_pages_gva;
+
+	uint64_t tsc_start, tsc_end;
+	uint64_t tsc_khz;
+	uint64_t l0_tsc_freq = 0;
+	uint64_t l1_tsc_freq = 0;
+	uint64_t l2_tsc_freq = 0;
+
+	nested_vmx_check_supported();
+	tsc_scaling_check_supported();
+
+	tsc_start = rdtsc();
+	sleep(1);
+	tsc_end = rdtsc();
+
+	l0_tsc_freq = tsc_end - tsc_start;
+	printf("real TSC frequency is around: %"PRIu64"\n", l0_tsc_freq);
+
+	vm = vm_create_default(VCPU_ID, 0, (void *) l1_guest_code);
+	vcpu_alloc_vmx(vm, &vmx_pages_gva);
+	vcpu_args_set(vm, VCPU_ID, 1, vmx_pages_gva);
+
+	tsc_khz = _vcpu_ioctl(vm, VCPU_ID, KVM_GET_TSC_KHZ, NULL);
+	TEST_ASSERT(tsc_khz != -1, "vcpu ioctl KVM_GET_TSC_KHZ failed");
+
+	/* scale down L1's TSC frequency */
+	vcpu_ioctl(vm, VCPU_ID, KVM_SET_TSC_KHZ,
+		  (void *) (tsc_khz / L1_SCALE_FACTOR));
+
+	for (;;) {
+		volatile struct kvm_run *run = vcpu_state(vm, VCPU_ID);
+		struct ucall uc;
+
+		vcpu_run(vm, VCPU_ID);
+		TEST_ASSERT(run->exit_reason == KVM_EXIT_IO,
+			    "Got exit_reason other than KVM_EXIT_IO: %u (%s)\n",
+			    run->exit_reason,
+			    exit_reason_str(run->exit_reason));
+
+		switch (get_ucall(vm, VCPU_ID, &uc)) {
+		case UCALL_ABORT:
+			TEST_FAIL("%s", (const char *) uc.args[0]);
+		case UCALL_SYNC:
+			switch (uc.args[0]) {
+			case USLEEP:
+				sleep(uc.args[1]);
+				break;
+			case UCHECK_L1:
+				l1_tsc_freq = uc.args[1];
+				printf("L1's TSC frequency is around: %"PRIu64
+				       "\n", l1_tsc_freq);
+
+				compare_tsc_freq(l1_tsc_freq,
+						 l0_tsc_freq / L1_SCALE_FACTOR);
+				break;
+			case UCHECK_L2:
+				l2_tsc_freq = uc.args[1];
+				printf("L2's TSC frequency is around: %"PRIu64
+				       "\n", l2_tsc_freq);
+
+				compare_tsc_freq(l2_tsc_freq,
+						 l1_tsc_freq * L2_SCALE_FACTOR);
+				break;
+			}
+			break;
+		case UCALL_DONE:
+			goto done;
+		default:
+			TEST_FAIL("Unknown ucall %lu", uc.cmd);
+		}
+	}
+
+done:
+	kvm_vm_free(vm);
+	return 0;
+}
-- 
2.17.1


  parent reply	other threads:[~2021-05-06 10:36 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 36+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-05-06 10:32 [PATCH 0/8] KVM: VMX: Implement nested TSC scaling ilstam
2021-05-06 10:32 ` [PATCH 1/8] KVM: VMX: Add a TSC multiplier field in VMCS12 ilstam
2021-05-06 14:50   ` kernel test robot
2021-05-06 17:36   ` Jim Mattson
2021-05-10 13:42   ` Maxim Levitsky
2021-05-06 10:32 ` [PATCH 2/8] KVM: X86: Store L1's TSC scaling ratio in 'struct kvm_vcpu_arch' ilstam
2021-05-10 13:43   ` Maxim Levitsky
2021-05-06 10:32 ` [PATCH 3/8] KVM: X86: Pass an additional 'L1' argument to kvm_scale_tsc() ilstam
2021-05-10 13:52   ` Maxim Levitsky
2021-05-10 15:44     ` Stamatis, Ilias
2021-05-06 10:32 ` [PATCH 4/8] KVM: VMX: Adjust the TSC-related VMCS fields on L2 entry and exit ilstam
2021-05-06 11:32   ` Paolo Bonzini
2021-05-06 17:35     ` Stamatis, Ilias
2021-05-10 14:11       ` Paolo Bonzini
2021-05-10 13:53   ` Maxim Levitsky
2021-05-10 14:44     ` Stamatis, Ilias
2021-05-11 12:38       ` Maxim Levitsky
2021-05-11 15:11         ` Stamatis, Ilias
2021-05-06 10:32 ` [PATCH 5/8] KVM: X86: Move tracing outside write_l1_tsc_offset() ilstam
2021-05-10 13:54   ` Maxim Levitsky
2021-05-06 10:32 ` [PATCH 6/8] KVM: VMX: Make vmx_write_l1_tsc_offset() work with nested TSC scaling ilstam
2021-05-10 13:54   ` Maxim Levitsky
2021-05-10 16:08     ` Stamatis, Ilias
2021-05-11 12:44       ` Maxim Levitsky
2021-05-11 17:44         ` Stamatis, Ilias
2021-05-06 10:32 ` [PATCH 7/8] KVM: VMX: Expose TSC scaling to L2 ilstam
2021-05-10 13:56   ` Maxim Levitsky
2021-05-06 10:32 ` ilstam [this message]
2021-05-10 13:59   ` [PATCH 8/8] KVM: selftests: x86: Add vmx_nested_tsc_scaling_test Maxim Levitsky
2021-05-11 11:16     ` Stamatis, Ilias
2021-05-11 12:47       ` Maxim Levitsky
2021-05-11 14:02         ` Stamatis, Ilias
2021-05-06 17:16 ` [PATCH 0/8] KVM: VMX: Implement nested TSC scaling Jim Mattson
2021-05-06 17:48   ` Stamatis, Ilias
2021-05-10 13:43     ` Maxim Levitsky
2021-05-10 14:29   ` Paolo Bonzini

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