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* [PATCH v3 00/15] kvm/arm: Align the VMID allocation with the arm64 ASID one
@ 2019-07-24 16:25 Julien Grall
  2019-07-24 16:25 ` [PATCH v3 01/15] arm64/mm: Introduce asid_info structure and move asid_generation/asid_map to it Julien Grall
                   ` (14 more replies)
  0 siblings, 15 replies; 17+ messages in thread
From: Julien Grall @ 2019-07-24 16:25 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-kernel, linux-arm-kernel, kvmarm
  Cc: marc.zyngier, catalin.marinas, will.deacon, Russell King, Julien Grall

Hi all,

This patch series is moving out the ASID allocator in a separate file in order
to re-use it for the VMID. The benefits are:
    - CPUs are not forced to exit on a roll-over.
    - Context invalidation is now per-CPU rather than
      broadcasted.

There are no performance regression on the fastpath for ASID allocation.
Actually on the hackbench measurement (300 hackbench) it was .7% faster.

The measurement was made on a Seattle based SoC (8 CPUs), with the
number of VMID limited to 4-bit. The test involves running concurrently 40
guests with 2 vCPUs. Each guest will then execute hackbench 5 times
before exiting.

The performance difference (on 5.1-rc1) between the current algo and the
new one are:
    - 2.5% less exit from the guest
    - 22.4% more flush, although they are now local rather than broadcasted
    - 0.11% faster (just for the record)

The ASID allocator rework to make it generic has been divided in multiple
patches to make the review easier.

A branch with the patch based on 5.3-rc1 can be found:

http://xenbits.xen.org/gitweb/?p=people/julieng/linux-arm.git;a=shortlog;h=refs/heads/vmid-rework/v3

For all the changes see in each patch.

Best regards,

Cc: Russell King <linux@armlinux.org.uk>

Julien Grall (15):
  arm64/mm: Introduce asid_info structure and move
    asid_generation/asid_map to it
  arm64/mm: Move active_asids and reserved_asids to asid_info
  arm64/mm: Move bits to asid_info
  arm64/mm: Move the variable lock and tlb_flush_pending to asid_info
  arm64/mm: Remove dependency on MM in new_context
  arm64/mm: Store the number of asid allocated per context
  arm64/mm: Introduce NUM_ASIDS
  arm64/mm: Split asid_inits in 2 parts
  arm64/mm: Split the function check_and_switch_context in 3 parts
  arm64/mm: Introduce a callback to flush the local context
  arm64: Move the ASID allocator code in a separate file
  arm64/lib: Add an helper to free memory allocated by the ASID
    allocator
  arm/kvm: Introduce a new VMID allocator
  arch/arm64: Introduce a capability to tell whether 16-bit VMID is
    available
  kvm/arm: Align the VMID allocation with the arm64 ASID one

 arch/arm/include/asm/kvm_asm.h    |   2 +-
 arch/arm/include/asm/kvm_host.h   |   5 +-
 arch/arm/include/asm/kvm_hyp.h    |   1 +
 arch/arm/include/asm/kvm_mmu.h    |   3 +-
 arch/arm/include/asm/lib_asid.h   |  79 +++++++++++++++
 arch/arm/kvm/Makefile             |   1 +
 arch/arm/kvm/hyp/tlb.c            |   8 +-
 arch/arm64/include/asm/cpucaps.h  |   3 +-
 arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_asid.h |   8 ++
 arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_asm.h  |   2 +-
 arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_host.h |   5 +-
 arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_mmu.h  |   7 +-
 arch/arm64/include/asm/lib_asid.h |  79 +++++++++++++++
 arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c    |   9 ++
 arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/tlb.c          |  10 +-
 arch/arm64/lib/Makefile           |   2 +
 arch/arm64/lib/asid.c             | 190 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 arch/arm64/mm/context.c           | 200 +++++---------------------------------
 virt/kvm/arm/arm.c                | 125 +++++++++---------------
 19 files changed, 458 insertions(+), 281 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 arch/arm/include/asm/lib_asid.h
 create mode 100644 arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_asid.h
 create mode 100644 arch/arm64/include/asm/lib_asid.h
 create mode 100644 arch/arm64/lib/asid.c

-- 
2.11.0

_______________________________________________
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kvmarm@lists.cs.columbia.edu
https://lists.cs.columbia.edu/mailman/listinfo/kvmarm

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 17+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 01/15] arm64/mm: Introduce asid_info structure and move asid_generation/asid_map to it
  2019-07-24 16:25 [PATCH v3 00/15] kvm/arm: Align the VMID allocation with the arm64 ASID one Julien Grall
@ 2019-07-24 16:25 ` Julien Grall
  2019-07-24 16:25 ` [PATCH v3 02/15] arm64/mm: Move active_asids and reserved_asids to asid_info Julien Grall
                   ` (13 subsequent siblings)
  14 siblings, 0 replies; 17+ messages in thread
From: Julien Grall @ 2019-07-24 16:25 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-kernel, linux-arm-kernel, kvmarm
  Cc: marc.zyngier, catalin.marinas, will.deacon, Julien Grall

In an attempt to make the ASID allocator generic, create a new structure
asid_info to store all the information necessary for the allocator.

For now, move the variables asid_generation and asid_map to the new structure
asid_info. Follow-up patches will move more variables.

Note to avoid more renaming aftwards, a local variable 'info' has been
created and is a pointer to the ASID allocator structure.

Signed-off-by: Julien Grall <julien.grall@arm.com>

---
    Changes in v2:
        - Add turn asid_info to a static variable
---
 arch/arm64/mm/context.c | 46 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------------------
 1 file changed, 26 insertions(+), 20 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/mm/context.c b/arch/arm64/mm/context.c
index b5e329fde2dd..b0789f30d03b 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/mm/context.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/mm/context.c
@@ -19,8 +19,11 @@
 static u32 asid_bits;
 static DEFINE_RAW_SPINLOCK(cpu_asid_lock);
 
-static atomic64_t asid_generation;
-static unsigned long *asid_map;
+static struct asid_info
+{
+	atomic64_t	generation;
+	unsigned long	*map;
+} asid_info;
 
 static DEFINE_PER_CPU(atomic64_t, active_asids);
 static DEFINE_PER_CPU(u64, reserved_asids);
@@ -77,13 +80,13 @@ void verify_cpu_asid_bits(void)
 	}
 }
 
-static void flush_context(void)
+static void flush_context(struct asid_info *info)
 {
 	int i;
 	u64 asid;
 
 	/* Update the list of reserved ASIDs and the ASID bitmap. */
-	bitmap_clear(asid_map, 0, NUM_USER_ASIDS);
+	bitmap_clear(info->map, 0, NUM_USER_ASIDS);
 
 	for_each_possible_cpu(i) {
 		asid = atomic64_xchg_relaxed(&per_cpu(active_asids, i), 0);
@@ -96,7 +99,7 @@ static void flush_context(void)
 		 */
 		if (asid == 0)
 			asid = per_cpu(reserved_asids, i);
-		__set_bit(asid2idx(asid), asid_map);
+		__set_bit(asid2idx(asid), info->map);
 		per_cpu(reserved_asids, i) = asid;
 	}
 
@@ -131,11 +134,11 @@ static bool check_update_reserved_asid(u64 asid, u64 newasid)
 	return hit;
 }
 
-static u64 new_context(struct mm_struct *mm)
+static u64 new_context(struct asid_info *info, struct mm_struct *mm)
 {
 	static u32 cur_idx = 1;
 	u64 asid = atomic64_read(&mm->context.id);
-	u64 generation = atomic64_read(&asid_generation);
+	u64 generation = atomic64_read(&info->generation);
 
 	if (asid != 0) {
 		u64 newasid = generation | (asid & ~ASID_MASK);
@@ -151,7 +154,7 @@ static u64 new_context(struct mm_struct *mm)
 		 * We had a valid ASID in a previous life, so try to re-use
 		 * it if possible.
 		 */
-		if (!__test_and_set_bit(asid2idx(asid), asid_map))
+		if (!__test_and_set_bit(asid2idx(asid), info->map))
 			return newasid;
 	}
 
@@ -162,20 +165,20 @@ static u64 new_context(struct mm_struct *mm)
 	 * a reserved TTBR0 for the init_mm and we allocate ASIDs in even/odd
 	 * pairs.
 	 */
-	asid = find_next_zero_bit(asid_map, NUM_USER_ASIDS, cur_idx);
+	asid = find_next_zero_bit(info->map, NUM_USER_ASIDS, cur_idx);
 	if (asid != NUM_USER_ASIDS)
 		goto set_asid;
 
 	/* We're out of ASIDs, so increment the global generation count */
 	generation = atomic64_add_return_relaxed(ASID_FIRST_VERSION,
-						 &asid_generation);
-	flush_context();
+						 &info->generation);
+	flush_context(info);
 
 	/* We have more ASIDs than CPUs, so this will always succeed */
-	asid = find_next_zero_bit(asid_map, NUM_USER_ASIDS, 1);
+	asid = find_next_zero_bit(info->map, NUM_USER_ASIDS, 1);
 
 set_asid:
-	__set_bit(asid, asid_map);
+	__set_bit(asid, info->map);
 	cur_idx = asid;
 	return idx2asid(asid) | generation;
 }
@@ -184,6 +187,7 @@ void check_and_switch_context(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned int cpu)
 {
 	unsigned long flags;
 	u64 asid, old_active_asid;
+	struct asid_info *info = &asid_info;
 
 	if (system_supports_cnp())
 		cpu_set_reserved_ttbr0();
@@ -206,7 +210,7 @@ void check_and_switch_context(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned int cpu)
 	 */
 	old_active_asid = atomic64_read(&per_cpu(active_asids, cpu));
 	if (old_active_asid &&
-	    !((asid ^ atomic64_read(&asid_generation)) >> asid_bits) &&
+	    !((asid ^ atomic64_read(&info->generation)) >> asid_bits) &&
 	    atomic64_cmpxchg_relaxed(&per_cpu(active_asids, cpu),
 				     old_active_asid, asid))
 		goto switch_mm_fastpath;
@@ -214,8 +218,8 @@ void check_and_switch_context(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned int cpu)
 	raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&cpu_asid_lock, flags);
 	/* Check that our ASID belongs to the current generation. */
 	asid = atomic64_read(&mm->context.id);
-	if ((asid ^ atomic64_read(&asid_generation)) >> asid_bits) {
-		asid = new_context(mm);
+	if ((asid ^ atomic64_read(&info->generation)) >> asid_bits) {
+		asid = new_context(info, mm);
 		atomic64_set(&mm->context.id, asid);
 	}
 
@@ -248,16 +252,18 @@ asmlinkage void post_ttbr_update_workaround(void)
 
 static int asids_init(void)
 {
+	struct asid_info *info = &asid_info;
+
 	asid_bits = get_cpu_asid_bits();
 	/*
 	 * Expect allocation after rollover to fail if we don't have at least
 	 * one more ASID than CPUs. ASID #0 is reserved for init_mm.
 	 */
 	WARN_ON(NUM_USER_ASIDS - 1 <= num_possible_cpus());
-	atomic64_set(&asid_generation, ASID_FIRST_VERSION);
-	asid_map = kcalloc(BITS_TO_LONGS(NUM_USER_ASIDS), sizeof(*asid_map),
-			   GFP_KERNEL);
-	if (!asid_map)
+	atomic64_set(&info->generation, ASID_FIRST_VERSION);
+	info->map = kcalloc(BITS_TO_LONGS(NUM_USER_ASIDS), sizeof(*info->map),
+			    GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!info->map)
 		panic("Failed to allocate bitmap for %lu ASIDs\n",
 		      NUM_USER_ASIDS);
 
-- 
2.11.0

_______________________________________________
kvmarm mailing list
kvmarm@lists.cs.columbia.edu
https://lists.cs.columbia.edu/mailman/listinfo/kvmarm

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 17+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 02/15] arm64/mm: Move active_asids and reserved_asids to asid_info
  2019-07-24 16:25 [PATCH v3 00/15] kvm/arm: Align the VMID allocation with the arm64 ASID one Julien Grall
  2019-07-24 16:25 ` [PATCH v3 01/15] arm64/mm: Introduce asid_info structure and move asid_generation/asid_map to it Julien Grall
@ 2019-07-24 16:25 ` Julien Grall
  2019-07-24 16:25 ` [PATCH v3 03/15] arm64/mm: Move bits " Julien Grall
                   ` (12 subsequent siblings)
  14 siblings, 0 replies; 17+ messages in thread
From: Julien Grall @ 2019-07-24 16:25 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-kernel, linux-arm-kernel, kvmarm
  Cc: marc.zyngier, catalin.marinas, will.deacon, Julien Grall

The variables active_asids and reserved_asids hold information for a
given ASID allocator. So move them to the structure asid_info.

At the same time, introduce wrappers to access the active and reserved
ASIDs to make the code clearer.

Signed-off-by: Julien Grall <julien.grall@arm.com>
---
 arch/arm64/mm/context.c | 34 ++++++++++++++++++++++------------
 1 file changed, 22 insertions(+), 12 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/mm/context.c b/arch/arm64/mm/context.c
index b0789f30d03b..3de028803284 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/mm/context.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/mm/context.c
@@ -23,10 +23,16 @@ static struct asid_info
 {
 	atomic64_t	generation;
 	unsigned long	*map;
+	atomic64_t __percpu	*active;
+	u64 __percpu		*reserved;
 } asid_info;
 
+#define active_asid(info, cpu)	*per_cpu_ptr((info)->active, cpu)
+#define reserved_asid(info, cpu) *per_cpu_ptr((info)->reserved, cpu)
+
 static DEFINE_PER_CPU(atomic64_t, active_asids);
 static DEFINE_PER_CPU(u64, reserved_asids);
+
 static cpumask_t tlb_flush_pending;
 
 #define ASID_MASK		(~GENMASK(asid_bits - 1, 0))
@@ -89,7 +95,7 @@ static void flush_context(struct asid_info *info)
 	bitmap_clear(info->map, 0, NUM_USER_ASIDS);
 
 	for_each_possible_cpu(i) {
-		asid = atomic64_xchg_relaxed(&per_cpu(active_asids, i), 0);
+		asid = atomic64_xchg_relaxed(&active_asid(info, i), 0);
 		/*
 		 * If this CPU has already been through a
 		 * rollover, but hasn't run another task in
@@ -98,9 +104,9 @@ static void flush_context(struct asid_info *info)
 		 * the process it is still running.
 		 */
 		if (asid == 0)
-			asid = per_cpu(reserved_asids, i);
+			asid = reserved_asid(info, i);
 		__set_bit(asid2idx(asid), info->map);
-		per_cpu(reserved_asids, i) = asid;
+		reserved_asid(info, i) = asid;
 	}
 
 	/*
@@ -110,7 +116,8 @@ static void flush_context(struct asid_info *info)
 	cpumask_setall(&tlb_flush_pending);
 }
 
-static bool check_update_reserved_asid(u64 asid, u64 newasid)
+static bool check_update_reserved_asid(struct asid_info *info, u64 asid,
+				       u64 newasid)
 {
 	int cpu;
 	bool hit = false;
@@ -125,9 +132,9 @@ static bool check_update_reserved_asid(u64 asid, u64 newasid)
 	 * generation.
 	 */
 	for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
-		if (per_cpu(reserved_asids, cpu) == asid) {
+		if (reserved_asid(info, cpu) == asid) {
 			hit = true;
-			per_cpu(reserved_asids, cpu) = newasid;
+			reserved_asid(info, cpu) = newasid;
 		}
 	}
 
@@ -147,7 +154,7 @@ static u64 new_context(struct asid_info *info, struct mm_struct *mm)
 		 * If our current ASID was active during a rollover, we
 		 * can continue to use it and this was just a false alarm.
 		 */
-		if (check_update_reserved_asid(asid, newasid))
+		if (check_update_reserved_asid(info, asid, newasid))
 			return newasid;
 
 		/*
@@ -196,8 +203,8 @@ void check_and_switch_context(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned int cpu)
 
 	/*
 	 * The memory ordering here is subtle.
-	 * If our active_asids is non-zero and the ASID matches the current
-	 * generation, then we update the active_asids entry with a relaxed
+	 * If our active_asid is non-zero and the ASID matches the current
+	 * generation, then we update the active_asid entry with a relaxed
 	 * cmpxchg. Racing with a concurrent rollover means that either:
 	 *
 	 * - We get a zero back from the cmpxchg and end up waiting on the
@@ -208,10 +215,10 @@ void check_and_switch_context(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned int cpu)
 	 *   relaxed xchg in flush_context will treat us as reserved
 	 *   because atomic RmWs are totally ordered for a given location.
 	 */
-	old_active_asid = atomic64_read(&per_cpu(active_asids, cpu));
+	old_active_asid = atomic64_read(&active_asid(info, cpu));
 	if (old_active_asid &&
 	    !((asid ^ atomic64_read(&info->generation)) >> asid_bits) &&
-	    atomic64_cmpxchg_relaxed(&per_cpu(active_asids, cpu),
+	    atomic64_cmpxchg_relaxed(&active_asid(info, cpu),
 				     old_active_asid, asid))
 		goto switch_mm_fastpath;
 
@@ -226,7 +233,7 @@ void check_and_switch_context(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned int cpu)
 	if (cpumask_test_and_clear_cpu(cpu, &tlb_flush_pending))
 		local_flush_tlb_all();
 
-	atomic64_set(&per_cpu(active_asids, cpu), asid);
+	atomic64_set(&active_asid(info, cpu), asid);
 	raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&cpu_asid_lock, flags);
 
 switch_mm_fastpath:
@@ -267,6 +274,9 @@ static int asids_init(void)
 		panic("Failed to allocate bitmap for %lu ASIDs\n",
 		      NUM_USER_ASIDS);
 
+	info->active = &active_asids;
+	info->reserved = &reserved_asids;
+
 	pr_info("ASID allocator initialised with %lu entries\n", NUM_USER_ASIDS);
 	return 0;
 }
-- 
2.11.0

_______________________________________________
kvmarm mailing list
kvmarm@lists.cs.columbia.edu
https://lists.cs.columbia.edu/mailman/listinfo/kvmarm

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 17+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 03/15] arm64/mm: Move bits to asid_info
  2019-07-24 16:25 [PATCH v3 00/15] kvm/arm: Align the VMID allocation with the arm64 ASID one Julien Grall
  2019-07-24 16:25 ` [PATCH v3 01/15] arm64/mm: Introduce asid_info structure and move asid_generation/asid_map to it Julien Grall
  2019-07-24 16:25 ` [PATCH v3 02/15] arm64/mm: Move active_asids and reserved_asids to asid_info Julien Grall
@ 2019-07-24 16:25 ` " Julien Grall
  2019-07-24 16:25 ` [PATCH v3 04/15] arm64/mm: Move the variable lock and tlb_flush_pending " Julien Grall
                   ` (11 subsequent siblings)
  14 siblings, 0 replies; 17+ messages in thread
From: Julien Grall @ 2019-07-24 16:25 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-kernel, linux-arm-kernel, kvmarm
  Cc: marc.zyngier, catalin.marinas, will.deacon, Julien Grall

The variable bits hold information for a given ASID allocator. So move
it to the asid_info structure.

Because most of the macros were relying on bits, they are now taking an
extra parameter that is a pointer to the asid_info structure.

Signed-off-by: Julien Grall <julien.grall@arm.com>
---
 arch/arm64/mm/context.c | 59 +++++++++++++++++++++++++------------------------
 1 file changed, 30 insertions(+), 29 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/mm/context.c b/arch/arm64/mm/context.c
index 3de028803284..49fff350e12f 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/mm/context.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/mm/context.c
@@ -16,7 +16,6 @@
 #include <asm/smp.h>
 #include <asm/tlbflush.h>
 
-static u32 asid_bits;
 static DEFINE_RAW_SPINLOCK(cpu_asid_lock);
 
 static struct asid_info
@@ -25,6 +24,7 @@ static struct asid_info
 	unsigned long	*map;
 	atomic64_t __percpu	*active;
 	u64 __percpu		*reserved;
+	u32			bits;
 } asid_info;
 
 #define active_asid(info, cpu)	*per_cpu_ptr((info)->active, cpu)
@@ -35,17 +35,17 @@ static DEFINE_PER_CPU(u64, reserved_asids);
 
 static cpumask_t tlb_flush_pending;
 
-#define ASID_MASK		(~GENMASK(asid_bits - 1, 0))
-#define ASID_FIRST_VERSION	(1UL << asid_bits)
+#define ASID_MASK(info)			(~GENMASK((info)->bits - 1, 0))
+#define ASID_FIRST_VERSION(info)	(1UL << ((info)->bits))
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_UNMAP_KERNEL_AT_EL0
-#define NUM_USER_ASIDS		(ASID_FIRST_VERSION >> 1)
-#define asid2idx(asid)		(((asid) & ~ASID_MASK) >> 1)
-#define idx2asid(idx)		(((idx) << 1) & ~ASID_MASK)
+#define NUM_USER_ASIDS(info)		(ASID_FIRST_VERSION(info) >> 1)
+#define asid2idx(info, asid)		(((asid) & ~ASID_MASK(info)) >> 1)
+#define idx2asid(info, idx)		(((idx) << 1) & ~ASID_MASK(info))
 #else
-#define NUM_USER_ASIDS		(ASID_FIRST_VERSION)
-#define asid2idx(asid)		((asid) & ~ASID_MASK)
-#define idx2asid(idx)		asid2idx(idx)
+#define NUM_USER_ASIDS(info)		(ASID_FIRST_VERSION(info))
+#define asid2idx(info, asid)		((asid) & ~ASID_MASK(info))
+#define idx2asid(info, idx)		asid2idx(info, idx)
 #endif
 
 /* Get the ASIDBits supported by the current CPU */
@@ -75,13 +75,13 @@ void verify_cpu_asid_bits(void)
 {
 	u32 asid = get_cpu_asid_bits();
 
-	if (asid < asid_bits) {
+	if (asid < asid_info.bits) {
 		/*
 		 * We cannot decrease the ASID size at runtime, so panic if we support
 		 * fewer ASID bits than the boot CPU.
 		 */
 		pr_crit("CPU%d: smaller ASID size(%u) than boot CPU (%u)\n",
-				smp_processor_id(), asid, asid_bits);
+				smp_processor_id(), asid, asid_info.bits);
 		cpu_panic_kernel();
 	}
 }
@@ -92,7 +92,7 @@ static void flush_context(struct asid_info *info)
 	u64 asid;
 
 	/* Update the list of reserved ASIDs and the ASID bitmap. */
-	bitmap_clear(info->map, 0, NUM_USER_ASIDS);
+	bitmap_clear(info->map, 0, NUM_USER_ASIDS(info));
 
 	for_each_possible_cpu(i) {
 		asid = atomic64_xchg_relaxed(&active_asid(info, i), 0);
@@ -105,7 +105,7 @@ static void flush_context(struct asid_info *info)
 		 */
 		if (asid == 0)
 			asid = reserved_asid(info, i);
-		__set_bit(asid2idx(asid), info->map);
+		__set_bit(asid2idx(info, asid), info->map);
 		reserved_asid(info, i) = asid;
 	}
 
@@ -148,7 +148,7 @@ static u64 new_context(struct asid_info *info, struct mm_struct *mm)
 	u64 generation = atomic64_read(&info->generation);
 
 	if (asid != 0) {
-		u64 newasid = generation | (asid & ~ASID_MASK);
+		u64 newasid = generation | (asid & ~ASID_MASK(info));
 
 		/*
 		 * If our current ASID was active during a rollover, we
@@ -161,7 +161,7 @@ static u64 new_context(struct asid_info *info, struct mm_struct *mm)
 		 * We had a valid ASID in a previous life, so try to re-use
 		 * it if possible.
 		 */
-		if (!__test_and_set_bit(asid2idx(asid), info->map))
+		if (!__test_and_set_bit(asid2idx(info, asid), info->map))
 			return newasid;
 	}
 
@@ -172,22 +172,22 @@ static u64 new_context(struct asid_info *info, struct mm_struct *mm)
 	 * a reserved TTBR0 for the init_mm and we allocate ASIDs in even/odd
 	 * pairs.
 	 */
-	asid = find_next_zero_bit(info->map, NUM_USER_ASIDS, cur_idx);
-	if (asid != NUM_USER_ASIDS)
+	asid = find_next_zero_bit(info->map, NUM_USER_ASIDS(info), cur_idx);
+	if (asid != NUM_USER_ASIDS(info))
 		goto set_asid;
 
 	/* We're out of ASIDs, so increment the global generation count */
-	generation = atomic64_add_return_relaxed(ASID_FIRST_VERSION,
+	generation = atomic64_add_return_relaxed(ASID_FIRST_VERSION(info),
 						 &info->generation);
 	flush_context(info);
 
 	/* We have more ASIDs than CPUs, so this will always succeed */
-	asid = find_next_zero_bit(info->map, NUM_USER_ASIDS, 1);
+	asid = find_next_zero_bit(info->map, NUM_USER_ASIDS(info), 1);
 
 set_asid:
 	__set_bit(asid, info->map);
 	cur_idx = asid;
-	return idx2asid(asid) | generation;
+	return idx2asid(info, asid) | generation;
 }
 
 void check_and_switch_context(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned int cpu)
@@ -217,7 +217,7 @@ void check_and_switch_context(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned int cpu)
 	 */
 	old_active_asid = atomic64_read(&active_asid(info, cpu));
 	if (old_active_asid &&
-	    !((asid ^ atomic64_read(&info->generation)) >> asid_bits) &&
+	    !((asid ^ atomic64_read(&info->generation)) >> info->bits) &&
 	    atomic64_cmpxchg_relaxed(&active_asid(info, cpu),
 				     old_active_asid, asid))
 		goto switch_mm_fastpath;
@@ -225,7 +225,7 @@ void check_and_switch_context(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned int cpu)
 	raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&cpu_asid_lock, flags);
 	/* Check that our ASID belongs to the current generation. */
 	asid = atomic64_read(&mm->context.id);
-	if ((asid ^ atomic64_read(&info->generation)) >> asid_bits) {
+	if ((asid ^ atomic64_read(&info->generation)) >> info->bits) {
 		asid = new_context(info, mm);
 		atomic64_set(&mm->context.id, asid);
 	}
@@ -261,23 +261,24 @@ static int asids_init(void)
 {
 	struct asid_info *info = &asid_info;
 
-	asid_bits = get_cpu_asid_bits();
+	info->bits = get_cpu_asid_bits();
 	/*
 	 * Expect allocation after rollover to fail if we don't have at least
 	 * one more ASID than CPUs. ASID #0 is reserved for init_mm.
 	 */
-	WARN_ON(NUM_USER_ASIDS - 1 <= num_possible_cpus());
-	atomic64_set(&info->generation, ASID_FIRST_VERSION);
-	info->map = kcalloc(BITS_TO_LONGS(NUM_USER_ASIDS), sizeof(*info->map),
-			    GFP_KERNEL);
+	WARN_ON(NUM_USER_ASIDS(info) - 1 <= num_possible_cpus());
+	atomic64_set(&info->generation, ASID_FIRST_VERSION(info));
+	info->map = kcalloc(BITS_TO_LONGS(NUM_USER_ASIDS(info)),
+			    sizeof(*info->map), GFP_KERNEL);
 	if (!info->map)
 		panic("Failed to allocate bitmap for %lu ASIDs\n",
-		      NUM_USER_ASIDS);
+		      NUM_USER_ASIDS(info));
 
 	info->active = &active_asids;
 	info->reserved = &reserved_asids;
 
-	pr_info("ASID allocator initialised with %lu entries\n", NUM_USER_ASIDS);
+	pr_info("ASID allocator initialised with %lu entries\n",
+		NUM_USER_ASIDS(info));
 	return 0;
 }
 early_initcall(asids_init);
-- 
2.11.0

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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 17+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 04/15] arm64/mm: Move the variable lock and tlb_flush_pending to asid_info
  2019-07-24 16:25 [PATCH v3 00/15] kvm/arm: Align the VMID allocation with the arm64 ASID one Julien Grall
                   ` (2 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-07-24 16:25 ` [PATCH v3 03/15] arm64/mm: Move bits " Julien Grall
@ 2019-07-24 16:25 ` " Julien Grall
  2019-07-24 16:25 ` [PATCH v3 05/15] arm64/mm: Remove dependency on MM in new_context Julien Grall
                   ` (10 subsequent siblings)
  14 siblings, 0 replies; 17+ messages in thread
From: Julien Grall @ 2019-07-24 16:25 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-kernel, linux-arm-kernel, kvmarm
  Cc: marc.zyngier, catalin.marinas, will.deacon, Julien Grall

The variables lock and tlb_flush_pending holds information for a given
ASID allocator. So move them to the asid_info structure.

Signed-off-by: Julien Grall <julien.grall@arm.com>
---
 arch/arm64/mm/context.c | 17 +++++++++--------
 1 file changed, 9 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/mm/context.c b/arch/arm64/mm/context.c
index 49fff350e12f..b50f52a09baf 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/mm/context.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/mm/context.c
@@ -16,8 +16,6 @@
 #include <asm/smp.h>
 #include <asm/tlbflush.h>
 
-static DEFINE_RAW_SPINLOCK(cpu_asid_lock);
-
 static struct asid_info
 {
 	atomic64_t	generation;
@@ -25,6 +23,9 @@ static struct asid_info
 	atomic64_t __percpu	*active;
 	u64 __percpu		*reserved;
 	u32			bits;
+	raw_spinlock_t		lock;
+	/* Which CPU requires context flush on next call */
+	cpumask_t		flush_pending;
 } asid_info;
 
 #define active_asid(info, cpu)	*per_cpu_ptr((info)->active, cpu)
@@ -33,8 +34,6 @@ static struct asid_info
 static DEFINE_PER_CPU(atomic64_t, active_asids);
 static DEFINE_PER_CPU(u64, reserved_asids);
 
-static cpumask_t tlb_flush_pending;
-
 #define ASID_MASK(info)			(~GENMASK((info)->bits - 1, 0))
 #define ASID_FIRST_VERSION(info)	(1UL << ((info)->bits))
 
@@ -113,7 +112,7 @@ static void flush_context(struct asid_info *info)
 	 * Queue a TLB invalidation for each CPU to perform on next
 	 * context-switch
 	 */
-	cpumask_setall(&tlb_flush_pending);
+	cpumask_setall(&info->flush_pending);
 }
 
 static bool check_update_reserved_asid(struct asid_info *info, u64 asid,
@@ -222,7 +221,7 @@ void check_and_switch_context(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned int cpu)
 				     old_active_asid, asid))
 		goto switch_mm_fastpath;
 
-	raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&cpu_asid_lock, flags);
+	raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&info->lock, flags);
 	/* Check that our ASID belongs to the current generation. */
 	asid = atomic64_read(&mm->context.id);
 	if ((asid ^ atomic64_read(&info->generation)) >> info->bits) {
@@ -230,11 +229,11 @@ void check_and_switch_context(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned int cpu)
 		atomic64_set(&mm->context.id, asid);
 	}
 
-	if (cpumask_test_and_clear_cpu(cpu, &tlb_flush_pending))
+	if (cpumask_test_and_clear_cpu(cpu, &info->flush_pending))
 		local_flush_tlb_all();
 
 	atomic64_set(&active_asid(info, cpu), asid);
-	raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&cpu_asid_lock, flags);
+	raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&info->lock, flags);
 
 switch_mm_fastpath:
 
@@ -277,6 +276,8 @@ static int asids_init(void)
 	info->active = &active_asids;
 	info->reserved = &reserved_asids;
 
+	raw_spin_lock_init(&info->lock);
+
 	pr_info("ASID allocator initialised with %lu entries\n",
 		NUM_USER_ASIDS(info));
 	return 0;
-- 
2.11.0

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https://lists.cs.columbia.edu/mailman/listinfo/kvmarm

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 17+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 05/15] arm64/mm: Remove dependency on MM in new_context
  2019-07-24 16:25 [PATCH v3 00/15] kvm/arm: Align the VMID allocation with the arm64 ASID one Julien Grall
                   ` (3 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-07-24 16:25 ` [PATCH v3 04/15] arm64/mm: Move the variable lock and tlb_flush_pending " Julien Grall
@ 2019-07-24 16:25 ` Julien Grall
  2019-07-24 16:25 ` [PATCH v3 06/15] arm64/mm: Store the number of asid allocated per context Julien Grall
                   ` (9 subsequent siblings)
  14 siblings, 0 replies; 17+ messages in thread
From: Julien Grall @ 2019-07-24 16:25 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-kernel, linux-arm-kernel, kvmarm
  Cc: marc.zyngier, catalin.marinas, will.deacon, Julien Grall

The function new_context will be part of a generic ASID allocator. At
the moment, the MM structure is only used to fetch the ASID.

To remove the dependency on MM, it is possible to just pass a pointer to
the current ASID.

Signed-off-by: Julien Grall <julien.grall@arm.com>
---
 arch/arm64/mm/context.c | 6 +++---
 1 file changed, 3 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/mm/context.c b/arch/arm64/mm/context.c
index b50f52a09baf..dfb0da35a541 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/mm/context.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/mm/context.c
@@ -140,10 +140,10 @@ static bool check_update_reserved_asid(struct asid_info *info, u64 asid,
 	return hit;
 }
 
-static u64 new_context(struct asid_info *info, struct mm_struct *mm)
+static u64 new_context(struct asid_info *info, atomic64_t *pasid)
 {
 	static u32 cur_idx = 1;
-	u64 asid = atomic64_read(&mm->context.id);
+	u64 asid = atomic64_read(pasid);
 	u64 generation = atomic64_read(&info->generation);
 
 	if (asid != 0) {
@@ -225,7 +225,7 @@ void check_and_switch_context(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned int cpu)
 	/* Check that our ASID belongs to the current generation. */
 	asid = atomic64_read(&mm->context.id);
 	if ((asid ^ atomic64_read(&info->generation)) >> info->bits) {
-		asid = new_context(info, mm);
+		asid = new_context(info, &mm->context.id);
 		atomic64_set(&mm->context.id, asid);
 	}
 
-- 
2.11.0

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https://lists.cs.columbia.edu/mailman/listinfo/kvmarm

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 17+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 06/15] arm64/mm: Store the number of asid allocated per context
  2019-07-24 16:25 [PATCH v3 00/15] kvm/arm: Align the VMID allocation with the arm64 ASID one Julien Grall
                   ` (4 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-07-24 16:25 ` [PATCH v3 05/15] arm64/mm: Remove dependency on MM in new_context Julien Grall
@ 2019-07-24 16:25 ` Julien Grall
  2019-07-24 16:25 ` [PATCH v3 07/15] arm64/mm: Introduce NUM_ASIDS Julien Grall
                   ` (8 subsequent siblings)
  14 siblings, 0 replies; 17+ messages in thread
From: Julien Grall @ 2019-07-24 16:25 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-kernel, linux-arm-kernel, kvmarm
  Cc: marc.zyngier, catalin.marinas, will.deacon, Julien Grall

Currently the number of ASID allocated per context is determined at
compilation time. As the algorithm is becoming generic, the user may
want to instantiate the ASID allocator multiple time with different
number of ASID allocated.

Add a field in asid_info to track the number ASID allocated per context.
This is stored in term of shift amount to avoid division in the code.

This means the number of ASID allocated per context should be a power of
two.

At the same time rename NUM_USERS_ASIDS to NUM_CTXT_ASIDS to make the
name more generic.

Signed-off-by: Julien Grall <julien.grall@arm.com>
---
 arch/arm64/mm/context.c | 31 +++++++++++++++++--------------
 1 file changed, 17 insertions(+), 14 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/mm/context.c b/arch/arm64/mm/context.c
index dfb0da35a541..2e1e495cd1d8 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/mm/context.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/mm/context.c
@@ -26,6 +26,8 @@ static struct asid_info
 	raw_spinlock_t		lock;
 	/* Which CPU requires context flush on next call */
 	cpumask_t		flush_pending;
+	/* Number of ASID allocated by context (shift value) */
+	unsigned int		ctxt_shift;
 } asid_info;
 
 #define active_asid(info, cpu)	*per_cpu_ptr((info)->active, cpu)
@@ -38,15 +40,15 @@ static DEFINE_PER_CPU(u64, reserved_asids);
 #define ASID_FIRST_VERSION(info)	(1UL << ((info)->bits))
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_UNMAP_KERNEL_AT_EL0
-#define NUM_USER_ASIDS(info)		(ASID_FIRST_VERSION(info) >> 1)
-#define asid2idx(info, asid)		(((asid) & ~ASID_MASK(info)) >> 1)
-#define idx2asid(info, idx)		(((idx) << 1) & ~ASID_MASK(info))
+#define ASID_PER_CONTEXT		2
 #else
-#define NUM_USER_ASIDS(info)		(ASID_FIRST_VERSION(info))
-#define asid2idx(info, asid)		((asid) & ~ASID_MASK(info))
-#define idx2asid(info, idx)		asid2idx(info, idx)
+#define ASID_PER_CONTEXT		1
 #endif
 
+#define NUM_CTXT_ASIDS(info)		(ASID_FIRST_VERSION(info) >> (info)->ctxt_shift)
+#define asid2idx(info, asid)		(((asid) & ~ASID_MASK(info)) >> (info)->ctxt_shift)
+#define idx2asid(info, idx)		(((idx) << (info)->ctxt_shift) & ~ASID_MASK(info))
+
 /* Get the ASIDBits supported by the current CPU */
 static u32 get_cpu_asid_bits(void)
 {
@@ -91,7 +93,7 @@ static void flush_context(struct asid_info *info)
 	u64 asid;
 
 	/* Update the list of reserved ASIDs and the ASID bitmap. */
-	bitmap_clear(info->map, 0, NUM_USER_ASIDS(info));
+	bitmap_clear(info->map, 0, NUM_CTXT_ASIDS(info));
 
 	for_each_possible_cpu(i) {
 		asid = atomic64_xchg_relaxed(&active_asid(info, i), 0);
@@ -171,8 +173,8 @@ static u64 new_context(struct asid_info *info, atomic64_t *pasid)
 	 * a reserved TTBR0 for the init_mm and we allocate ASIDs in even/odd
 	 * pairs.
 	 */
-	asid = find_next_zero_bit(info->map, NUM_USER_ASIDS(info), cur_idx);
-	if (asid != NUM_USER_ASIDS(info))
+	asid = find_next_zero_bit(info->map, NUM_CTXT_ASIDS(info), cur_idx);
+	if (asid != NUM_CTXT_ASIDS(info))
 		goto set_asid;
 
 	/* We're out of ASIDs, so increment the global generation count */
@@ -181,7 +183,7 @@ static u64 new_context(struct asid_info *info, atomic64_t *pasid)
 	flush_context(info);
 
 	/* We have more ASIDs than CPUs, so this will always succeed */
-	asid = find_next_zero_bit(info->map, NUM_USER_ASIDS(info), 1);
+	asid = find_next_zero_bit(info->map, NUM_CTXT_ASIDS(info), 1);
 
 set_asid:
 	__set_bit(asid, info->map);
@@ -261,17 +263,18 @@ static int asids_init(void)
 	struct asid_info *info = &asid_info;
 
 	info->bits = get_cpu_asid_bits();
+	info->ctxt_shift = ilog2(ASID_PER_CONTEXT);
 	/*
 	 * Expect allocation after rollover to fail if we don't have at least
 	 * one more ASID than CPUs. ASID #0 is reserved for init_mm.
 	 */
-	WARN_ON(NUM_USER_ASIDS(info) - 1 <= num_possible_cpus());
+	WARN_ON(NUM_CTXT_ASIDS(info) - 1 <= num_possible_cpus());
 	atomic64_set(&info->generation, ASID_FIRST_VERSION(info));
-	info->map = kcalloc(BITS_TO_LONGS(NUM_USER_ASIDS(info)),
+	info->map = kcalloc(BITS_TO_LONGS(NUM_CTXT_ASIDS(info)),
 			    sizeof(*info->map), GFP_KERNEL);
 	if (!info->map)
 		panic("Failed to allocate bitmap for %lu ASIDs\n",
-		      NUM_USER_ASIDS(info));
+		      NUM_CTXT_ASIDS(info));
 
 	info->active = &active_asids;
 	info->reserved = &reserved_asids;
@@ -279,7 +282,7 @@ static int asids_init(void)
 	raw_spin_lock_init(&info->lock);
 
 	pr_info("ASID allocator initialised with %lu entries\n",
-		NUM_USER_ASIDS(info));
+		NUM_CTXT_ASIDS(info));
 	return 0;
 }
 early_initcall(asids_init);
-- 
2.11.0

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https://lists.cs.columbia.edu/mailman/listinfo/kvmarm

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 17+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 07/15] arm64/mm: Introduce NUM_ASIDS
  2019-07-24 16:25 [PATCH v3 00/15] kvm/arm: Align the VMID allocation with the arm64 ASID one Julien Grall
                   ` (5 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-07-24 16:25 ` [PATCH v3 06/15] arm64/mm: Store the number of asid allocated per context Julien Grall
@ 2019-07-24 16:25 ` Julien Grall
  2019-07-24 16:25 ` [PATCH v3 08/15] arm64/mm: Split asid_inits in 2 parts Julien Grall
                   ` (7 subsequent siblings)
  14 siblings, 0 replies; 17+ messages in thread
From: Julien Grall @ 2019-07-24 16:25 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-kernel, linux-arm-kernel, kvmarm
  Cc: marc.zyngier, catalin.marinas, will.deacon, Julien Grall

At the moment ASID_FIRST_VERSION is used to know the number of ASIDs
supported. As we are going to move the ASID allocator in a separate, it
would be better to use a different name for external users.

This patch adds NUM_ASIDS and implements ASID_FIRST_VERSION using it.

Signed-off-by: Julien Grall <julien.grall@arm.com>
---
 arch/arm64/mm/context.c | 6 ++++--
 1 file changed, 4 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/mm/context.c b/arch/arm64/mm/context.c
index 2e1e495cd1d8..3b40ac4a2541 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/mm/context.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/mm/context.c
@@ -37,7 +37,9 @@ static DEFINE_PER_CPU(atomic64_t, active_asids);
 static DEFINE_PER_CPU(u64, reserved_asids);
 
 #define ASID_MASK(info)			(~GENMASK((info)->bits - 1, 0))
-#define ASID_FIRST_VERSION(info)	(1UL << ((info)->bits))
+#define NUM_ASIDS(info)			(1UL << ((info)->bits))
+
+#define ASID_FIRST_VERSION(info)	NUM_ASIDS(info)
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_UNMAP_KERNEL_AT_EL0
 #define ASID_PER_CONTEXT		2
@@ -45,7 +47,7 @@ static DEFINE_PER_CPU(u64, reserved_asids);
 #define ASID_PER_CONTEXT		1
 #endif
 
-#define NUM_CTXT_ASIDS(info)		(ASID_FIRST_VERSION(info) >> (info)->ctxt_shift)
+#define NUM_CTXT_ASIDS(info)		(NUM_ASIDS(info) >> (info)->ctxt_shift)
 #define asid2idx(info, asid)		(((asid) & ~ASID_MASK(info)) >> (info)->ctxt_shift)
 #define idx2asid(info, idx)		(((idx) << (info)->ctxt_shift) & ~ASID_MASK(info))
 
-- 
2.11.0

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https://lists.cs.columbia.edu/mailman/listinfo/kvmarm

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 17+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 08/15] arm64/mm: Split asid_inits in 2 parts
  2019-07-24 16:25 [PATCH v3 00/15] kvm/arm: Align the VMID allocation with the arm64 ASID one Julien Grall
                   ` (6 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-07-24 16:25 ` [PATCH v3 07/15] arm64/mm: Introduce NUM_ASIDS Julien Grall
@ 2019-07-24 16:25 ` Julien Grall
  2019-07-24 16:25 ` [PATCH v3 09/15] arm64/mm: Split the function check_and_switch_context in 3 parts Julien Grall
                   ` (6 subsequent siblings)
  14 siblings, 0 replies; 17+ messages in thread
From: Julien Grall @ 2019-07-24 16:25 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-kernel, linux-arm-kernel, kvmarm
  Cc: marc.zyngier, catalin.marinas, will.deacon, Julien Grall

Move out the common initialization of the ASID allocator in a separate
function.

Signed-off-by: Julien Grall <julien.grall@arm.com>

---
    Changes in v3:
        - Allow bisection (asid_allocator_init() return 0 on success not
          error!).
---
 arch/arm64/mm/context.c | 43 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------------
 1 file changed, 31 insertions(+), 12 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/mm/context.c b/arch/arm64/mm/context.c
index 3b40ac4a2541..27e328fffdb1 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/mm/context.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/mm/context.c
@@ -260,31 +260,50 @@ asmlinkage void post_ttbr_update_workaround(void)
 			CONFIG_CAVIUM_ERRATUM_27456));
 }
 
-static int asids_init(void)
+/*
+ * Initialize the ASID allocator
+ *
+ * @info: Pointer to the asid allocator structure
+ * @bits: Number of ASIDs available
+ * @asid_per_ctxt: Number of ASIDs to allocate per-context. ASIDs are
+ * allocated contiguously for a given context. This value should be a power of
+ * 2.
+ */
+static int asid_allocator_init(struct asid_info *info,
+			       u32 bits, unsigned int asid_per_ctxt)
 {
-	struct asid_info *info = &asid_info;
-
-	info->bits = get_cpu_asid_bits();
-	info->ctxt_shift = ilog2(ASID_PER_CONTEXT);
+	info->bits = bits;
+	info->ctxt_shift = ilog2(asid_per_ctxt);
 	/*
 	 * Expect allocation after rollover to fail if we don't have at least
-	 * one more ASID than CPUs. ASID #0 is reserved for init_mm.
+	 * one more ASID than CPUs. ASID #0 is always reserved.
 	 */
 	WARN_ON(NUM_CTXT_ASIDS(info) - 1 <= num_possible_cpus());
 	atomic64_set(&info->generation, ASID_FIRST_VERSION(info));
 	info->map = kcalloc(BITS_TO_LONGS(NUM_CTXT_ASIDS(info)),
 			    sizeof(*info->map), GFP_KERNEL);
 	if (!info->map)
-		panic("Failed to allocate bitmap for %lu ASIDs\n",
-		      NUM_CTXT_ASIDS(info));
-
-	info->active = &active_asids;
-	info->reserved = &reserved_asids;
+		return -ENOMEM;
 
 	raw_spin_lock_init(&info->lock);
 
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int asids_init(void)
+{
+	u32 bits = get_cpu_asid_bits();
+
+	if (asid_allocator_init(&asid_info, bits, ASID_PER_CONTEXT))
+		panic("Unable to initialize ASID allocator for %lu ASIDs\n",
+		      1UL << bits);
+
+	asid_info.active = &active_asids;
+	asid_info.reserved = &reserved_asids;
+
 	pr_info("ASID allocator initialised with %lu entries\n",
-		NUM_CTXT_ASIDS(info));
+		NUM_CTXT_ASIDS(&asid_info));
+
 	return 0;
 }
 early_initcall(asids_init);
-- 
2.11.0

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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 17+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 09/15] arm64/mm: Split the function check_and_switch_context in 3 parts
  2019-07-24 16:25 [PATCH v3 00/15] kvm/arm: Align the VMID allocation with the arm64 ASID one Julien Grall
                   ` (7 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-07-24 16:25 ` [PATCH v3 08/15] arm64/mm: Split asid_inits in 2 parts Julien Grall
@ 2019-07-24 16:25 ` Julien Grall
  2019-07-25 16:28   ` Catalin Marinas
  2019-07-24 16:25 ` [PATCH v3 10/15] arm64/mm: Introduce a callback to flush the local context Julien Grall
                   ` (5 subsequent siblings)
  14 siblings, 1 reply; 17+ messages in thread
From: Julien Grall @ 2019-07-24 16:25 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-kernel, linux-arm-kernel, kvmarm
  Cc: marc.zyngier, catalin.marinas, will.deacon, Julien Grall

The function check_and_switch_context is used to:
    1) Check whether the ASID is still valid
    2) Generate a new one if it is not valid
    3) Switch the context

While the latter is specific to the MM subsystem, the rest could be part
of the generic ASID allocator.

After this patch, the function is now split in 3 parts which corresponds
to the use of the functions:
    1) asid_check_context: Check if the ASID is still valid
    2) asid_new_context: Generate a new ASID for the context
    3) check_and_switch_context: Call 1) and 2) and switch the context

1) and 2) have not been merged in a single function because we want to
avoid to add a branch in when the ASID is still valid. This will matter
when the code will be moved in separate file later on as 1) will reside
in the header as a static inline function.

Signed-off-by: Julien Grall <julien.grall@arm.com>

---

    Will wants to avoid to add a branch when the ASID is still valid. So
    1) and 2) are in separates function. The former will move to a new
    header and make static inline.
---
 arch/arm64/mm/context.c | 51 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------------
 1 file changed, 39 insertions(+), 12 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/mm/context.c b/arch/arm64/mm/context.c
index 27e328fffdb1..5e8b381ab67f 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/mm/context.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/mm/context.c
@@ -193,16 +193,21 @@ static u64 new_context(struct asid_info *info, atomic64_t *pasid)
 	return idx2asid(info, asid) | generation;
 }
 
-void check_and_switch_context(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned int cpu)
+static void asid_new_context(struct asid_info *info, atomic64_t *pasid,
+			     unsigned int cpu);
+
+/*
+ * Check the ASID is still valid for the context. If not generate a new ASID.
+ *
+ * @pasid: Pointer to the current ASID batch
+ * @cpu: current CPU ID. Must have been acquired throught get_cpu()
+ */
+static void asid_check_context(struct asid_info *info,
+			       atomic64_t *pasid, unsigned int cpu)
 {
-	unsigned long flags;
 	u64 asid, old_active_asid;
-	struct asid_info *info = &asid_info;
 
-	if (system_supports_cnp())
-		cpu_set_reserved_ttbr0();
-
-	asid = atomic64_read(&mm->context.id);
+	asid = atomic64_read(pasid);
 
 	/*
 	 * The memory ordering here is subtle.
@@ -223,14 +228,30 @@ void check_and_switch_context(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned int cpu)
 	    !((asid ^ atomic64_read(&info->generation)) >> info->bits) &&
 	    atomic64_cmpxchg_relaxed(&active_asid(info, cpu),
 				     old_active_asid, asid))
-		goto switch_mm_fastpath;
+		return;
+
+	asid_new_context(info, pasid, cpu);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Generate a new ASID for the context.
+ *
+ * @pasid: Pointer to the current ASID batch allocated. It will be updated
+ * with the new ASID batch.
+ * @cpu: current CPU ID. Must have been acquired through get_cpu()
+ */
+static void asid_new_context(struct asid_info *info, atomic64_t *pasid,
+			     unsigned int cpu)
+{
+	unsigned long flags;
+	u64 asid;
 
 	raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&info->lock, flags);
 	/* Check that our ASID belongs to the current generation. */
-	asid = atomic64_read(&mm->context.id);
+	asid = atomic64_read(pasid);
 	if ((asid ^ atomic64_read(&info->generation)) >> info->bits) {
-		asid = new_context(info, &mm->context.id);
-		atomic64_set(&mm->context.id, asid);
+		asid = new_context(info, pasid);
+		atomic64_set(pasid, asid);
 	}
 
 	if (cpumask_test_and_clear_cpu(cpu, &info->flush_pending))
@@ -238,8 +259,14 @@ void check_and_switch_context(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned int cpu)
 
 	atomic64_set(&active_asid(info, cpu), asid);
 	raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&info->lock, flags);
+}
+
+void check_and_switch_context(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned int cpu)
+{
+	if (system_supports_cnp())
+		cpu_set_reserved_ttbr0();
 
-switch_mm_fastpath:
+	asid_check_context(&asid_info, &mm->context.id, cpu);
 
 	arm64_apply_bp_hardening();
 
-- 
2.11.0

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kvmarm@lists.cs.columbia.edu
https://lists.cs.columbia.edu/mailman/listinfo/kvmarm

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 17+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 10/15] arm64/mm: Introduce a callback to flush the local context
  2019-07-24 16:25 [PATCH v3 00/15] kvm/arm: Align the VMID allocation with the arm64 ASID one Julien Grall
                   ` (8 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-07-24 16:25 ` [PATCH v3 09/15] arm64/mm: Split the function check_and_switch_context in 3 parts Julien Grall
@ 2019-07-24 16:25 ` Julien Grall
  2019-07-24 16:25 ` [PATCH v3 11/15] arm64: Move the ASID allocator code in a separate file Julien Grall
                   ` (4 subsequent siblings)
  14 siblings, 0 replies; 17+ messages in thread
From: Julien Grall @ 2019-07-24 16:25 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-kernel, linux-arm-kernel, kvmarm
  Cc: marc.zyngier, catalin.marinas, will.deacon, Julien Grall

Flushing the local context will vary depending on the actual user of the ASID
allocator. Introduce a new callback to flush the local context and move
the call to flush local TLB in it.

Signed-off-by: Julien Grall <julien.grall@arm.com>
---
 arch/arm64/mm/context.c | 16 +++++++++++++---
 1 file changed, 13 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/mm/context.c b/arch/arm64/mm/context.c
index 5e8b381ab67f..ac10893b403c 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/mm/context.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/mm/context.c
@@ -28,6 +28,8 @@ static struct asid_info
 	cpumask_t		flush_pending;
 	/* Number of ASID allocated by context (shift value) */
 	unsigned int		ctxt_shift;
+	/* Callback to locally flush the context. */
+	void			(*flush_cpu_ctxt_cb)(void);
 } asid_info;
 
 #define active_asid(info, cpu)	*per_cpu_ptr((info)->active, cpu)
@@ -255,7 +257,7 @@ static void asid_new_context(struct asid_info *info, atomic64_t *pasid,
 	}
 
 	if (cpumask_test_and_clear_cpu(cpu, &info->flush_pending))
-		local_flush_tlb_all();
+		info->flush_cpu_ctxt_cb();
 
 	atomic64_set(&active_asid(info, cpu), asid);
 	raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&info->lock, flags);
@@ -287,6 +289,11 @@ asmlinkage void post_ttbr_update_workaround(void)
 			CONFIG_CAVIUM_ERRATUM_27456));
 }
 
+static void asid_flush_cpu_ctxt(void)
+{
+	local_flush_tlb_all();
+}
+
 /*
  * Initialize the ASID allocator
  *
@@ -297,10 +304,12 @@ asmlinkage void post_ttbr_update_workaround(void)
  * 2.
  */
 static int asid_allocator_init(struct asid_info *info,
-			       u32 bits, unsigned int asid_per_ctxt)
+			       u32 bits, unsigned int asid_per_ctxt,
+			       void (*flush_cpu_ctxt_cb)(void))
 {
 	info->bits = bits;
 	info->ctxt_shift = ilog2(asid_per_ctxt);
+	info->flush_cpu_ctxt_cb = flush_cpu_ctxt_cb;
 	/*
 	 * Expect allocation after rollover to fail if we don't have at least
 	 * one more ASID than CPUs. ASID #0 is always reserved.
@@ -321,7 +330,8 @@ static int asids_init(void)
 {
 	u32 bits = get_cpu_asid_bits();
 
-	if (asid_allocator_init(&asid_info, bits, ASID_PER_CONTEXT))
+	if (asid_allocator_init(&asid_info, bits, ASID_PER_CONTEXT,
+				 asid_flush_cpu_ctxt))
 		panic("Unable to initialize ASID allocator for %lu ASIDs\n",
 		      1UL << bits);
 
-- 
2.11.0

_______________________________________________
kvmarm mailing list
kvmarm@lists.cs.columbia.edu
https://lists.cs.columbia.edu/mailman/listinfo/kvmarm

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 17+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 11/15] arm64: Move the ASID allocator code in a separate file
  2019-07-24 16:25 [PATCH v3 00/15] kvm/arm: Align the VMID allocation with the arm64 ASID one Julien Grall
                   ` (9 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-07-24 16:25 ` [PATCH v3 10/15] arm64/mm: Introduce a callback to flush the local context Julien Grall
@ 2019-07-24 16:25 ` Julien Grall
  2019-07-24 16:25 ` [PATCH v3 12/15] arm64/lib: Add an helper to free memory allocated by the ASID allocator Julien Grall
                   ` (3 subsequent siblings)
  14 siblings, 0 replies; 17+ messages in thread
From: Julien Grall @ 2019-07-24 16:25 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-kernel, linux-arm-kernel, kvmarm
  Cc: marc.zyngier, catalin.marinas, will.deacon, Julien Grall

We will want to re-use the ASID allocator in a separate context (e.g
allocating VMID). So move the code in a new file.

The function asid_check_context has been moved in the header as a static
inline function because we want to avoid add a branch when checking if the
ASID is still valid.

Signed-off-by: Julien Grall <julien.grall@arm.com>

---

This code will be used in the virt code for allocating VMID. I am not
entirely sure where to place it. Lib could potentially be a good place but I
am not entirely convinced the algo as it is could be used by other
architecture.

Looking at x86, it seems that it will not be possible to re-use because
the number of PCID (aka ASID) could be smaller than the number of CPUs.
See commit message 10af6235e0d327d42e1bad974385197817923dc1 "x86/mm:
Implement PCID based optimization: try to preserve old TLB entries using
PCI".

    Changes in v3:
        - Correctly move ASID_FIRST_VERSION to the new file

    Changes in v2:
        - Rename the header from asid.h to lib_asid.h
---
 arch/arm64/include/asm/lib_asid.h |  77 +++++++++++++
 arch/arm64/lib/Makefile           |   2 +
 arch/arm64/lib/asid.c             | 185 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 arch/arm64/mm/context.c           | 235 +-------------------------------------
 4 files changed, 267 insertions(+), 232 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 arch/arm64/include/asm/lib_asid.h
 create mode 100644 arch/arm64/lib/asid.c

diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/lib_asid.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/lib_asid.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..c18e9eca500e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/lib_asid.h
@@ -0,0 +1,77 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
+#ifndef __ASM_ASM_LIB_ASID_H
+#define __ASM_ASM_LIB_ASID_H
+
+#include <linux/atomic.h>
+#include <linux/compiler.h>
+#include <linux/cpumask.h>
+#include <linux/percpu.h>
+#include <linux/spinlock.h>
+
+struct asid_info
+{
+	atomic64_t	generation;
+	unsigned long	*map;
+	atomic64_t __percpu	*active;
+	u64 __percpu		*reserved;
+	u32			bits;
+	/* Lock protecting the structure */
+	raw_spinlock_t		lock;
+	/* Which CPU requires context flush on next call */
+	cpumask_t		flush_pending;
+	/* Number of ASID allocated by context (shift value) */
+	unsigned int		ctxt_shift;
+	/* Callback to locally flush the context. */
+	void			(*flush_cpu_ctxt_cb)(void);
+};
+
+#define NUM_ASIDS(info)			(1UL << ((info)->bits))
+#define NUM_CTXT_ASIDS(info)		(NUM_ASIDS(info) >> (info)->ctxt_shift)
+
+#define active_asid(info, cpu)	*per_cpu_ptr((info)->active, cpu)
+
+void asid_new_context(struct asid_info *info, atomic64_t *pasid,
+		      unsigned int cpu);
+
+/*
+ * Check the ASID is still valid for the context. If not generate a new ASID.
+ *
+ * @pasid: Pointer to the current ASID batch
+ * @cpu: current CPU ID. Must have been acquired throught get_cpu()
+ */
+static inline void asid_check_context(struct asid_info *info,
+				      atomic64_t *pasid, unsigned int cpu)
+{
+	u64 asid, old_active_asid;
+
+	asid = atomic64_read(pasid);
+
+	/*
+	 * The memory ordering here is subtle.
+	 * If our active_asid is non-zero and the ASID matches the current
+	 * generation, then we update the active_asid entry with a relaxed
+	 * cmpxchg. Racing with a concurrent rollover means that either:
+	 *
+	 * - We get a zero back from the cmpxchg and end up waiting on the
+	 *   lock. Taking the lock synchronises with the rollover and so
+	 *   we are forced to see the updated generation.
+	 *
+	 * - We get a valid ASID back from the cmpxchg, which means the
+	 *   relaxed xchg in flush_context will treat us as reserved
+	 *   because atomic RmWs are totally ordered for a given location.
+	 */
+	old_active_asid = atomic64_read(&active_asid(info, cpu));
+	if (old_active_asid &&
+	    !((asid ^ atomic64_read(&info->generation)) >> info->bits) &&
+	    atomic64_cmpxchg_relaxed(&active_asid(info, cpu),
+				     old_active_asid, asid))
+		return;
+
+	asid_new_context(info, pasid, cpu);
+}
+
+int asid_allocator_init(struct asid_info *info,
+			u32 bits, unsigned int asid_per_ctxt,
+			void (*flush_cpu_ctxt_cb)(void));
+
+#endif
diff --git a/arch/arm64/lib/Makefile b/arch/arm64/lib/Makefile
index 33c2a4abda04..37169d541ab5 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/lib/Makefile
+++ b/arch/arm64/lib/Makefile
@@ -5,6 +5,8 @@ lib-y		:= clear_user.o delay.o copy_from_user.o		\
 		   memcmp.o strcmp.o strncmp.o strlen.o strnlen.o	\
 		   strchr.o strrchr.o tishift.o
 
+lib-y		+= asid.o
+
 ifeq ($(CONFIG_KERNEL_MODE_NEON), y)
 obj-$(CONFIG_XOR_BLOCKS)	+= xor-neon.o
 CFLAGS_REMOVE_xor-neon.o	+= -mgeneral-regs-only
diff --git a/arch/arm64/lib/asid.c b/arch/arm64/lib/asid.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..0b3a99c4aed4
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/arm64/lib/asid.c
@@ -0,0 +1,185 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+/*
+ * Generic ASID allocator.
+ *
+ * Based on arch/arm/mm/context.c
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2002-2003 Deep Blue Solutions Ltd, all rights reserved.
+ * Copyright (C) 2012 ARM Ltd.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+
+#include <asm/lib_asid.h>
+
+#define reserved_asid(info, cpu) *per_cpu_ptr((info)->reserved, cpu)
+
+#define ASID_MASK(info)			(~GENMASK((info)->bits - 1, 0))
+#define ASID_FIRST_VERSION(info)	NUM_ASIDS(info)
+
+#define asid2idx(info, asid)		(((asid) & ~ASID_MASK(info)) >> (info)->ctxt_shift)
+#define idx2asid(info, idx)		(((idx) << (info)->ctxt_shift) & ~ASID_MASK(info))
+
+static void flush_context(struct asid_info *info)
+{
+	int i;
+	u64 asid;
+
+	/* Update the list of reserved ASIDs and the ASID bitmap. */
+	bitmap_clear(info->map, 0, NUM_CTXT_ASIDS(info));
+
+	for_each_possible_cpu(i) {
+		asid = atomic64_xchg_relaxed(&active_asid(info, i), 0);
+		/*
+		 * If this CPU has already been through a
+		 * rollover, but hasn't run another task in
+		 * the meantime, we must preserve its reserved
+		 * ASID, as this is the only trace we have of
+		 * the process it is still running.
+		 */
+		if (asid == 0)
+			asid = reserved_asid(info, i);
+		__set_bit(asid2idx(info, asid), info->map);
+		reserved_asid(info, i) = asid;
+	}
+
+	/*
+	 * Queue a TLB invalidation for each CPU to perform on next
+	 * context-switch
+	 */
+	cpumask_setall(&info->flush_pending);
+}
+
+static bool check_update_reserved_asid(struct asid_info *info, u64 asid,
+				       u64 newasid)
+{
+	int cpu;
+	bool hit = false;
+
+	/*
+	 * Iterate over the set of reserved ASIDs looking for a match.
+	 * If we find one, then we can update our mm to use newasid
+	 * (i.e. the same ASID in the current generation) but we can't
+	 * exit the loop early, since we need to ensure that all copies
+	 * of the old ASID are updated to reflect the mm. Failure to do
+	 * so could result in us missing the reserved ASID in a future
+	 * generation.
+	 */
+	for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
+		if (reserved_asid(info, cpu) == asid) {
+			hit = true;
+			reserved_asid(info, cpu) = newasid;
+		}
+	}
+
+	return hit;
+}
+
+static u64 new_context(struct asid_info *info, atomic64_t *pasid)
+{
+	static u32 cur_idx = 1;
+	u64 asid = atomic64_read(pasid);
+	u64 generation = atomic64_read(&info->generation);
+
+	if (asid != 0) {
+		u64 newasid = generation | (asid & ~ASID_MASK(info));
+
+		/*
+		 * If our current ASID was active during a rollover, we
+		 * can continue to use it and this was just a false alarm.
+		 */
+		if (check_update_reserved_asid(info, asid, newasid))
+			return newasid;
+
+		/*
+		 * We had a valid ASID in a previous life, so try to re-use
+		 * it if possible.
+		 */
+		if (!__test_and_set_bit(asid2idx(info, asid), info->map))
+			return newasid;
+	}
+
+	/*
+	 * Allocate a free ASID. If we can't find one, take a note of the
+	 * currently active ASIDs and mark the TLBs as requiring flushes.  We
+	 * always count from ASID #2 (index 1), as we use ASID #0 when setting
+	 * a reserved TTBR0 for the init_mm and we allocate ASIDs in even/odd
+	 * pairs.
+	 */
+	asid = find_next_zero_bit(info->map, NUM_CTXT_ASIDS(info), cur_idx);
+	if (asid != NUM_CTXT_ASIDS(info))
+		goto set_asid;
+
+	/* We're out of ASIDs, so increment the global generation count */
+	generation = atomic64_add_return_relaxed(ASID_FIRST_VERSION(info),
+						 &info->generation);
+	flush_context(info);
+
+	/* We have more ASIDs than CPUs, so this will always succeed */
+	asid = find_next_zero_bit(info->map, NUM_CTXT_ASIDS(info), 1);
+
+set_asid:
+	__set_bit(asid, info->map);
+	cur_idx = asid;
+	return idx2asid(info, asid) | generation;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Generate a new ASID for the context.
+ *
+ * @pasid: Pointer to the current ASID batch allocated. It will be updated
+ * with the new ASID batch.
+ * @cpu: current CPU ID. Must have been acquired through get_cpu()
+ */
+void asid_new_context(struct asid_info *info, atomic64_t *pasid,
+		      unsigned int cpu)
+{
+	unsigned long flags;
+	u64 asid;
+
+	raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&info->lock, flags);
+	/* Check that our ASID belongs to the current generation. */
+	asid = atomic64_read(pasid);
+	if ((asid ^ atomic64_read(&info->generation)) >> info->bits) {
+		asid = new_context(info, pasid);
+		atomic64_set(pasid, asid);
+	}
+
+	if (cpumask_test_and_clear_cpu(cpu, &info->flush_pending))
+		info->flush_cpu_ctxt_cb();
+
+	atomic64_set(&active_asid(info, cpu), asid);
+	raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&info->lock, flags);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Initialize the ASID allocator
+ *
+ * @info: Pointer to the asid allocator structure
+ * @bits: Number of ASIDs available
+ * @asid_per_ctxt: Number of ASIDs to allocate per-context. ASIDs are
+ * allocated contiguously for a given context. This value should be a power of
+ * 2.
+ */
+int asid_allocator_init(struct asid_info *info,
+			u32 bits, unsigned int asid_per_ctxt,
+			void (*flush_cpu_ctxt_cb)(void))
+{
+	info->bits = bits;
+	info->ctxt_shift = ilog2(asid_per_ctxt);
+	info->flush_cpu_ctxt_cb = flush_cpu_ctxt_cb;
+	/*
+	 * Expect allocation after rollover to fail if we don't have at least
+	 * one more ASID than CPUs. ASID #0 is always reserved.
+	 */
+	WARN_ON(NUM_CTXT_ASIDS(info) - 1 <= num_possible_cpus());
+	atomic64_set(&info->generation, ASID_FIRST_VERSION(info));
+	info->map = kcalloc(BITS_TO_LONGS(NUM_CTXT_ASIDS(info)),
+			    sizeof(*info->map), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!info->map)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	raw_spin_lock_init(&info->lock);
+
+	return 0;
+}
diff --git a/arch/arm64/mm/context.c b/arch/arm64/mm/context.c
index ac10893b403c..9b352a072fbb 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/mm/context.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/mm/context.c
@@ -12,46 +12,21 @@
 #include <linux/mm.h>
 
 #include <asm/cpufeature.h>
+#include <asm/lib_asid.h>
 #include <asm/mmu_context.h>
 #include <asm/smp.h>
 #include <asm/tlbflush.h>
 
-static struct asid_info
-{
-	atomic64_t	generation;
-	unsigned long	*map;
-	atomic64_t __percpu	*active;
-	u64 __percpu		*reserved;
-	u32			bits;
-	raw_spinlock_t		lock;
-	/* Which CPU requires context flush on next call */
-	cpumask_t		flush_pending;
-	/* Number of ASID allocated by context (shift value) */
-	unsigned int		ctxt_shift;
-	/* Callback to locally flush the context. */
-	void			(*flush_cpu_ctxt_cb)(void);
-} asid_info;
-
-#define active_asid(info, cpu)	*per_cpu_ptr((info)->active, cpu)
-#define reserved_asid(info, cpu) *per_cpu_ptr((info)->reserved, cpu)
-
 static DEFINE_PER_CPU(atomic64_t, active_asids);
 static DEFINE_PER_CPU(u64, reserved_asids);
 
-#define ASID_MASK(info)			(~GENMASK((info)->bits - 1, 0))
-#define NUM_ASIDS(info)			(1UL << ((info)->bits))
-
-#define ASID_FIRST_VERSION(info)	NUM_ASIDS(info)
-
 #ifdef CONFIG_UNMAP_KERNEL_AT_EL0
 #define ASID_PER_CONTEXT		2
 #else
 #define ASID_PER_CONTEXT		1
 #endif
 
-#define NUM_CTXT_ASIDS(info)		(NUM_ASIDS(info) >> (info)->ctxt_shift)
-#define asid2idx(info, asid)		(((asid) & ~ASID_MASK(info)) >> (info)->ctxt_shift)
-#define idx2asid(info, idx)		(((idx) << (info)->ctxt_shift) & ~ASID_MASK(info))
+static struct asid_info asid_info;
 
 /* Get the ASIDBits supported by the current CPU */
 static u32 get_cpu_asid_bits(void)
@@ -91,178 +66,6 @@ void verify_cpu_asid_bits(void)
 	}
 }
 
-static void flush_context(struct asid_info *info)
-{
-	int i;
-	u64 asid;
-
-	/* Update the list of reserved ASIDs and the ASID bitmap. */
-	bitmap_clear(info->map, 0, NUM_CTXT_ASIDS(info));
-
-	for_each_possible_cpu(i) {
-		asid = atomic64_xchg_relaxed(&active_asid(info, i), 0);
-		/*
-		 * If this CPU has already been through a
-		 * rollover, but hasn't run another task in
-		 * the meantime, we must preserve its reserved
-		 * ASID, as this is the only trace we have of
-		 * the process it is still running.
-		 */
-		if (asid == 0)
-			asid = reserved_asid(info, i);
-		__set_bit(asid2idx(info, asid), info->map);
-		reserved_asid(info, i) = asid;
-	}
-
-	/*
-	 * Queue a TLB invalidation for each CPU to perform on next
-	 * context-switch
-	 */
-	cpumask_setall(&info->flush_pending);
-}
-
-static bool check_update_reserved_asid(struct asid_info *info, u64 asid,
-				       u64 newasid)
-{
-	int cpu;
-	bool hit = false;
-
-	/*
-	 * Iterate over the set of reserved ASIDs looking for a match.
-	 * If we find one, then we can update our mm to use newasid
-	 * (i.e. the same ASID in the current generation) but we can't
-	 * exit the loop early, since we need to ensure that all copies
-	 * of the old ASID are updated to reflect the mm. Failure to do
-	 * so could result in us missing the reserved ASID in a future
-	 * generation.
-	 */
-	for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
-		if (reserved_asid(info, cpu) == asid) {
-			hit = true;
-			reserved_asid(info, cpu) = newasid;
-		}
-	}
-
-	return hit;
-}
-
-static u64 new_context(struct asid_info *info, atomic64_t *pasid)
-{
-	static u32 cur_idx = 1;
-	u64 asid = atomic64_read(pasid);
-	u64 generation = atomic64_read(&info->generation);
-
-	if (asid != 0) {
-		u64 newasid = generation | (asid & ~ASID_MASK(info));
-
-		/*
-		 * If our current ASID was active during a rollover, we
-		 * can continue to use it and this was just a false alarm.
-		 */
-		if (check_update_reserved_asid(info, asid, newasid))
-			return newasid;
-
-		/*
-		 * We had a valid ASID in a previous life, so try to re-use
-		 * it if possible.
-		 */
-		if (!__test_and_set_bit(asid2idx(info, asid), info->map))
-			return newasid;
-	}
-
-	/*
-	 * Allocate a free ASID. If we can't find one, take a note of the
-	 * currently active ASIDs and mark the TLBs as requiring flushes.  We
-	 * always count from ASID #2 (index 1), as we use ASID #0 when setting
-	 * a reserved TTBR0 for the init_mm and we allocate ASIDs in even/odd
-	 * pairs.
-	 */
-	asid = find_next_zero_bit(info->map, NUM_CTXT_ASIDS(info), cur_idx);
-	if (asid != NUM_CTXT_ASIDS(info))
-		goto set_asid;
-
-	/* We're out of ASIDs, so increment the global generation count */
-	generation = atomic64_add_return_relaxed(ASID_FIRST_VERSION(info),
-						 &info->generation);
-	flush_context(info);
-
-	/* We have more ASIDs than CPUs, so this will always succeed */
-	asid = find_next_zero_bit(info->map, NUM_CTXT_ASIDS(info), 1);
-
-set_asid:
-	__set_bit(asid, info->map);
-	cur_idx = asid;
-	return idx2asid(info, asid) | generation;
-}
-
-static void asid_new_context(struct asid_info *info, atomic64_t *pasid,
-			     unsigned int cpu);
-
-/*
- * Check the ASID is still valid for the context. If not generate a new ASID.
- *
- * @pasid: Pointer to the current ASID batch
- * @cpu: current CPU ID. Must have been acquired throught get_cpu()
- */
-static void asid_check_context(struct asid_info *info,
-			       atomic64_t *pasid, unsigned int cpu)
-{
-	u64 asid, old_active_asid;
-
-	asid = atomic64_read(pasid);
-
-	/*
-	 * The memory ordering here is subtle.
-	 * If our active_asid is non-zero and the ASID matches the current
-	 * generation, then we update the active_asid entry with a relaxed
-	 * cmpxchg. Racing with a concurrent rollover means that either:
-	 *
-	 * - We get a zero back from the cmpxchg and end up waiting on the
-	 *   lock. Taking the lock synchronises with the rollover and so
-	 *   we are forced to see the updated generation.
-	 *
-	 * - We get a valid ASID back from the cmpxchg, which means the
-	 *   relaxed xchg in flush_context will treat us as reserved
-	 *   because atomic RmWs are totally ordered for a given location.
-	 */
-	old_active_asid = atomic64_read(&active_asid(info, cpu));
-	if (old_active_asid &&
-	    !((asid ^ atomic64_read(&info->generation)) >> info->bits) &&
-	    atomic64_cmpxchg_relaxed(&active_asid(info, cpu),
-				     old_active_asid, asid))
-		return;
-
-	asid_new_context(info, pasid, cpu);
-}
-
-/*
- * Generate a new ASID for the context.
- *
- * @pasid: Pointer to the current ASID batch allocated. It will be updated
- * with the new ASID batch.
- * @cpu: current CPU ID. Must have been acquired through get_cpu()
- */
-static void asid_new_context(struct asid_info *info, atomic64_t *pasid,
-			     unsigned int cpu)
-{
-	unsigned long flags;
-	u64 asid;
-
-	raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&info->lock, flags);
-	/* Check that our ASID belongs to the current generation. */
-	asid = atomic64_read(pasid);
-	if ((asid ^ atomic64_read(&info->generation)) >> info->bits) {
-		asid = new_context(info, pasid);
-		atomic64_set(pasid, asid);
-	}
-
-	if (cpumask_test_and_clear_cpu(cpu, &info->flush_pending))
-		info->flush_cpu_ctxt_cb();
-
-	atomic64_set(&active_asid(info, cpu), asid);
-	raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&info->lock, flags);
-}
-
 void check_and_switch_context(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned int cpu)
 {
 	if (system_supports_cnp())
@@ -294,38 +97,6 @@ static void asid_flush_cpu_ctxt(void)
 	local_flush_tlb_all();
 }
 
-/*
- * Initialize the ASID allocator
- *
- * @info: Pointer to the asid allocator structure
- * @bits: Number of ASIDs available
- * @asid_per_ctxt: Number of ASIDs to allocate per-context. ASIDs are
- * allocated contiguously for a given context. This value should be a power of
- * 2.
- */
-static int asid_allocator_init(struct asid_info *info,
-			       u32 bits, unsigned int asid_per_ctxt,
-			       void (*flush_cpu_ctxt_cb)(void))
-{
-	info->bits = bits;
-	info->ctxt_shift = ilog2(asid_per_ctxt);
-	info->flush_cpu_ctxt_cb = flush_cpu_ctxt_cb;
-	/*
-	 * Expect allocation after rollover to fail if we don't have at least
-	 * one more ASID than CPUs. ASID #0 is always reserved.
-	 */
-	WARN_ON(NUM_CTXT_ASIDS(info) - 1 <= num_possible_cpus());
-	atomic64_set(&info->generation, ASID_FIRST_VERSION(info));
-	info->map = kcalloc(BITS_TO_LONGS(NUM_CTXT_ASIDS(info)),
-			    sizeof(*info->map), GFP_KERNEL);
-	if (!info->map)
-		return -ENOMEM;
-
-	raw_spin_lock_init(&info->lock);
-
-	return 0;
-}
-
 static int asids_init(void)
 {
 	u32 bits = get_cpu_asid_bits();
@@ -333,7 +104,7 @@ static int asids_init(void)
 	if (asid_allocator_init(&asid_info, bits, ASID_PER_CONTEXT,
 				 asid_flush_cpu_ctxt))
 		panic("Unable to initialize ASID allocator for %lu ASIDs\n",
-		      1UL << bits);
+		      NUM_ASIDS(&asid_info));
 
 	asid_info.active = &active_asids;
 	asid_info.reserved = &reserved_asids;
-- 
2.11.0

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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 17+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 12/15] arm64/lib: Add an helper to free memory allocated by the ASID allocator
  2019-07-24 16:25 [PATCH v3 00/15] kvm/arm: Align the VMID allocation with the arm64 ASID one Julien Grall
                   ` (10 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-07-24 16:25 ` [PATCH v3 11/15] arm64: Move the ASID allocator code in a separate file Julien Grall
@ 2019-07-24 16:25 ` Julien Grall
  2019-07-24 16:25 ` [PATCH v3 13/15] arm/kvm: Introduce a new VMID allocator Julien Grall
                   ` (2 subsequent siblings)
  14 siblings, 0 replies; 17+ messages in thread
From: Julien Grall @ 2019-07-24 16:25 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-kernel, linux-arm-kernel, kvmarm
  Cc: marc.zyngier, catalin.marinas, will.deacon, Julien Grall

Some users of the ASID allocator (e.g VMID) may require to free any
resource if the initialization fail. So introduce a function allows to
free any memory allocated by the ASID allocator.

Signed-off-by: Julien Grall <julien.grall@arm.com>

---
    Changes in v3:
        - Patch added
---
 arch/arm64/include/asm/lib_asid.h | 2 ++
 arch/arm64/lib/asid.c             | 5 +++++
 2 files changed, 7 insertions(+)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/lib_asid.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/lib_asid.h
index c18e9eca500e..ff78865a6823 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/lib_asid.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/lib_asid.h
@@ -74,4 +74,6 @@ int asid_allocator_init(struct asid_info *info,
 			u32 bits, unsigned int asid_per_ctxt,
 			void (*flush_cpu_ctxt_cb)(void));
 
+void asid_allocator_free(struct asid_info *info);
+
 #endif
diff --git a/arch/arm64/lib/asid.c b/arch/arm64/lib/asid.c
index 0b3a99c4aed4..d23f0df656c1 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/lib/asid.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/lib/asid.c
@@ -183,3 +183,8 @@ int asid_allocator_init(struct asid_info *info,
 
 	return 0;
 }
+
+void asid_allocator_free(struct asid_info *info)
+{
+	kfree(info->map);
+}
-- 
2.11.0

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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 17+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 13/15] arm/kvm: Introduce a new VMID allocator
  2019-07-24 16:25 [PATCH v3 00/15] kvm/arm: Align the VMID allocation with the arm64 ASID one Julien Grall
                   ` (11 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-07-24 16:25 ` [PATCH v3 12/15] arm64/lib: Add an helper to free memory allocated by the ASID allocator Julien Grall
@ 2019-07-24 16:25 ` Julien Grall
  2019-07-24 16:25 ` [PATCH v3 14/15] arch/arm64: Introduce a capability to tell whether 16-bit VMID is available Julien Grall
  2019-07-24 16:25 ` [PATCH v3 15/15] kvm/arm: Align the VMID allocation with the arm64 ASID one Julien Grall
  14 siblings, 0 replies; 17+ messages in thread
From: Julien Grall @ 2019-07-24 16:25 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-kernel, linux-arm-kernel, kvmarm
  Cc: marc.zyngier, catalin.marinas, will.deacon, Russell King, Julien Grall

A follow-up patch will replace the KVM VMID allocator with the arm64 ASID
allocator.

To avoid as much as possible duplication, the arm KVM code will directly
compile arch/arm64/lib/asid.c. The header is a verbatim to copy to
avoid breaking the assumption that architecture port has self-containers
headers.

Signed-off-by: Julien Grall <julien.grall@arm.com>
Cc: Russell King <linux@armlinux.org.uk>

---
    I hit a warning when compiling the ASID code:

linux/arch/arm/kvm/../../arm64/lib/asid.c:17: warning: "ASID_MASK" redefined
 #define ASID_MASK(info)   (~GENMASK((info)->bits - 1, 0))

In file included from linux/include/linux/mm_types.h:18,
                 from linux/include/linux/mmzone.h:21,
                 from linux/include/linux/gfp.h:6,
                 from linux/include/linux/slab.h:15,
                 from linux/arch/arm/kvm/../../arm64/lib/asid.c:11:
linux/arch/arm/include/asm/mmu.h:26: note: this is the location of the previous definition
 #define ASID_MASK ((~0ULL) << ASID_BITS)

I haven't yet resolved because I am not sure of the best way to go.
AFAICT ASID_MASK is only used in mm/context.c. So I am wondering whether
it would be acceptable to move the define.

    Changes in v3:
        - Resync arm32 with the arm64 header

    Changes in v2:
        - Re-use arm64/lib/asid.c rather than duplication the code.
---
 arch/arm/include/asm/lib_asid.h | 79 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 arch/arm/kvm/Makefile           |  1 +
 2 files changed, 80 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 arch/arm/include/asm/lib_asid.h

diff --git a/arch/arm/include/asm/lib_asid.h b/arch/arm/include/asm/lib_asid.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..e3233d37f5db
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/arm/include/asm/lib_asid.h
@@ -0,0 +1,79 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
+#ifndef __ARM_LIB_ASID_H__
+#define __ARM_LIB_ASID_H__
+
+#include <linux/atomic.h>
+#include <linux/compiler.h>
+#include <linux/cpumask.h>
+#include <linux/percpu.h>
+#include <linux/spinlock.h>
+
+struct asid_info
+{
+	atomic64_t	generation;
+	unsigned long	*map;
+	atomic64_t __percpu	*active;
+	u64 __percpu		*reserved;
+	u32			bits;
+	/* Lock protecting the structure */
+	raw_spinlock_t		lock;
+	/* Which CPU requires context flush on next call */
+	cpumask_t		flush_pending;
+	/* Number of ASID allocated by context (shift value) */
+	unsigned int		ctxt_shift;
+	/* Callback to locally flush the context. */
+	void			(*flush_cpu_ctxt_cb)(void);
+};
+
+#define NUM_ASIDS(info)			(1UL << ((info)->bits))
+#define NUM_CTXT_ASIDS(info)		(NUM_ASIDS(info) >> (info)->ctxt_shift)
+
+#define active_asid(info, cpu)	*per_cpu_ptr((info)->active, cpu)
+
+void asid_new_context(struct asid_info *info, atomic64_t *pasid,
+		      unsigned int cpu);
+
+/*
+ * Check the ASID is still valid for the context. If not generate a new ASID.
+ *
+ * @pasid: Pointer to the current ASID batch
+ * @cpu: current CPU ID. Must have been acquired throught get_cpu()
+ */
+static inline void asid_check_context(struct asid_info *info,
+				      atomic64_t *pasid, unsigned int cpu)
+{
+	u64 asid, old_active_asid;
+
+	asid = atomic64_read(pasid);
+
+	/*
+	 * The memory ordering here is subtle.
+	 * If our active_asid is non-zero and the ASID matches the current
+	 * generation, then we update the active_asid entry with a relaxed
+	 * cmpxchg. Racing with a concurrent rollover means that either:
+	 *
+	 * - We get a zero back from the cmpxchg and end up waiting on the
+	 *   lock. Taking the lock synchronises with the rollover and so
+	 *   we are forced to see the updated generation.
+	 *
+	 * - We get a valid ASID back from the cmpxchg, which means the
+	 *   relaxed xchg in flush_context will treat us as reserved
+	 *   because atomic RmWs are totally ordered for a given location.
+	 */
+	old_active_asid = atomic64_read(&active_asid(info, cpu));
+	if (old_active_asid &&
+	    !((asid ^ atomic64_read(&info->generation)) >> info->bits) &&
+	    atomic64_cmpxchg_relaxed(&active_asid(info, cpu),
+				     old_active_asid, asid))
+		return;
+
+	asid_new_context(info, pasid, cpu);
+}
+
+int asid_allocator_init(struct asid_info *info,
+			u32 bits, unsigned int asid_per_ctxt,
+			void (*flush_cpu_ctxt_cb)(void));
+
+void asid_allocator_free(struct asid_info *info);
+
+#endif /* __ARM_LIB_ASID_H__ */
diff --git a/arch/arm/kvm/Makefile b/arch/arm/kvm/Makefile
index 531e59f5be9c..6ab49bd84531 100644
--- a/arch/arm/kvm/Makefile
+++ b/arch/arm/kvm/Makefile
@@ -40,3 +40,4 @@ obj-y += $(KVM)/arm/vgic/vgic-its.o
 obj-y += $(KVM)/arm/vgic/vgic-debug.o
 obj-y += $(KVM)/irqchip.o
 obj-y += $(KVM)/arm/arch_timer.o
+obj-y += ../../arm64/lib/asid.o
-- 
2.11.0

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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 17+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 14/15] arch/arm64: Introduce a capability to tell whether 16-bit VMID is available
  2019-07-24 16:25 [PATCH v3 00/15] kvm/arm: Align the VMID allocation with the arm64 ASID one Julien Grall
                   ` (12 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-07-24 16:25 ` [PATCH v3 13/15] arm/kvm: Introduce a new VMID allocator Julien Grall
@ 2019-07-24 16:25 ` Julien Grall
  2019-07-24 16:25 ` [PATCH v3 15/15] kvm/arm: Align the VMID allocation with the arm64 ASID one Julien Grall
  14 siblings, 0 replies; 17+ messages in thread
From: Julien Grall @ 2019-07-24 16:25 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-kernel, linux-arm-kernel, kvmarm
  Cc: marc.zyngier, catalin.marinas, will.deacon, Julien Grall

At the moment, the function kvm_get_vmid_bits() is looking up for the
sanitized value of ID_AA64MMFR1_EL1 and extract the information
regarding the number of VMID bits supported.

This is fine as the function is mainly used during VMID roll-over. New
use in a follow-up patch will require the function to be called a every
context switch so we want the function to be more efficient.

A new capability is introduced to tell whether 16-bit VMID is
available.

Signed-off-by: Julien Grall <julien.grall@arm.com>

---
    Changes in v3:
        - Patch added
---
 arch/arm64/include/asm/cpucaps.h | 3 ++-
 arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_mmu.h | 4 +---
 arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c   | 9 +++++++++
 3 files changed, 12 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpucaps.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpucaps.h
index f19fe4b9acc4..af8ab758b252 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpucaps.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpucaps.h
@@ -52,7 +52,8 @@
 #define ARM64_HAS_IRQ_PRIO_MASKING		42
 #define ARM64_HAS_DCPODP			43
 #define ARM64_WORKAROUND_1463225		44
+#define ARM64_HAS_16BIT_VMID			45
 
-#define ARM64_NCAPS				45
+#define ARM64_NCAPS				46
 
 #endif /* __ASM_CPUCAPS_H */
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_mmu.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_mmu.h
index befe37d4bc0e..2ce8055a84b8 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_mmu.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_mmu.h
@@ -413,9 +413,7 @@ static inline void __kvm_extend_hypmap(pgd_t *boot_hyp_pgd,
 
 static inline unsigned int kvm_get_vmid_bits(void)
 {
-	int reg = read_sanitised_ftr_reg(SYS_ID_AA64MMFR1_EL1);
-
-	return (cpuid_feature_extract_unsigned_field(reg, ID_AA64MMFR1_VMIDBITS_SHIFT) == 2) ? 16 : 8;
+	return cpus_have_const_cap(ARM64_HAS_16BIT_VMID) ? 16 : 8;
 }
 
 /*
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c
index f29f36a65175..b401e56af35a 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c
@@ -1548,6 +1548,15 @@ static const struct arm64_cpu_capabilities arm64_features[] = {
 		.min_field_value = 1,
 	},
 #endif
+	{
+		.capability = ARM64_HAS_16BIT_VMID,
+		.type = ARM64_CPUCAP_SYSTEM_FEATURE,
+		.sys_reg = SYS_ID_AA64MMFR1_EL1,
+		.field_pos = ID_AA64MMFR1_VMIDBITS_SHIFT,
+		.sign = FTR_UNSIGNED,
+		.min_field_value = ID_AA64MMFR1_VMIDBITS_16,
+		.matches = has_cpuid_feature,
+	},
 	{},
 };
 
-- 
2.11.0

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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 17+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 15/15] kvm/arm: Align the VMID allocation with the arm64 ASID one
  2019-07-24 16:25 [PATCH v3 00/15] kvm/arm: Align the VMID allocation with the arm64 ASID one Julien Grall
                   ` (13 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-07-24 16:25 ` [PATCH v3 14/15] arch/arm64: Introduce a capability to tell whether 16-bit VMID is available Julien Grall
@ 2019-07-24 16:25 ` Julien Grall
  14 siblings, 0 replies; 17+ messages in thread
From: Julien Grall @ 2019-07-24 16:25 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-kernel, linux-arm-kernel, kvmarm
  Cc: marc.zyngier, catalin.marinas, will.deacon, Julien Grall

At the moment, the VMID algorithm will send an SGI to all the CPUs to
force an exit and then broadcast a full TLB flush and I-Cache
invalidation.

This patch re-use the new ASID allocator. The
benefits are:
    - CPUs are not forced to exit at roll-over. Instead the VMID will be
    marked reserved and the context will be flushed at next exit. This
    will reduce the IPIs traffic.
    - Context invalidation is now per-CPU rather than broadcasted.
    - Catalin has a formal model of the ASID allocator.

With the new algo, the code is now adapted:
    - The function __kvm_flush_vm_context() has been renamed to
    __kvm_tlb_flush_local_all() and now only flushing the current CPU
    context.
    - The call to update_vttbr() will be done with preemption disabled
    as the new algo requires to store information per-CPU.
    - The TLBs associated to EL1 will be flushed when booting a CPU to
    deal with stale information. This was previously done on the
    allocation of the first VMID of a new generation.

The measurement was made on a Seattle based SoC (8 CPUs), with the
number of VMID limited to 4-bit. The test involves running concurrently 40
guests with 2 vCPUs. Each guest will then execute hackbench 5 times
before exiting.

The performance difference between the current algo and the new one are:
    - 2.5% less exit from the guest
    - 22.4% more flush, although they are now local rather than
    broadcasted
    - 0.11% faster (just for the record)

Signed-off-by: Julien Grall <julien.grall@arm.com>

----
    Looking at the __kvm_flush_vm_context, it might be possible to
    reduce more the overhead by removing the I-Cache flush for other
    cache than VIPT. This has been left aside for now.

    Changes in v3:
        - Free resource if initialization failed
        - s/__kvm_flush_cpu_vmid_context/__kvm_tlb_flush_local_all/
        - s/asid/id/ in kvm_vmid to avoid confusion
        - Generate the VMID in kvm_get_vttbr() rather than using a
        callback in the ASID allocator
        - Use smp_processor_id() rather than {get, put}_cpu() as the
        code should already be called from non-preemptible context
        - Mention the formal model in the commit message
---
 arch/arm/include/asm/kvm_asm.h    |   2 +-
 arch/arm/include/asm/kvm_host.h   |   5 +-
 arch/arm/include/asm/kvm_hyp.h    |   1 +
 arch/arm/include/asm/kvm_mmu.h    |   3 +-
 arch/arm/kvm/hyp/tlb.c            |   8 +--
 arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_asid.h |   8 +++
 arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_asm.h  |   2 +-
 arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_host.h |   5 +-
 arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_mmu.h  |   3 +-
 arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/tlb.c          |  10 +--
 virt/kvm/arm/arm.c                | 125 ++++++++++++++------------------------
 11 files changed, 70 insertions(+), 102 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_asid.h

diff --git a/arch/arm/include/asm/kvm_asm.h b/arch/arm/include/asm/kvm_asm.h
index f615830f9f57..b6342258b466 100644
--- a/arch/arm/include/asm/kvm_asm.h
+++ b/arch/arm/include/asm/kvm_asm.h
@@ -53,10 +53,10 @@ struct kvm_vcpu;
 extern char __kvm_hyp_init[];
 extern char __kvm_hyp_init_end[];
 
-extern void __kvm_flush_vm_context(void);
 extern void __kvm_tlb_flush_vmid_ipa(struct kvm *kvm, phys_addr_t ipa);
 extern void __kvm_tlb_flush_vmid(struct kvm *kvm);
 extern void __kvm_tlb_flush_local_vmid(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
+extern void __kvm_tlb_flush_local_all(void);
 
 extern void __kvm_timer_set_cntvoff(u32 cntvoff_low, u32 cntvoff_high);
 
diff --git a/arch/arm/include/asm/kvm_host.h b/arch/arm/include/asm/kvm_host.h
index 8a37c8e89777..9b534f73725f 100644
--- a/arch/arm/include/asm/kvm_host.h
+++ b/arch/arm/include/asm/kvm_host.h
@@ -49,9 +49,7 @@ int kvm_reset_vcpu(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
 void kvm_reset_coprocs(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
 
 struct kvm_vmid {
-	/* The VMID generation used for the virt. memory system */
-	u64    vmid_gen;
-	u32    vmid;
+	atomic64_t id;
 };
 
 struct kvm_arch {
@@ -257,7 +255,6 @@ unsigned long __kvm_call_hyp(void *hypfn, ...);
 		ret;							\
 	})
 
-void force_vm_exit(const cpumask_t *mask);
 int __kvm_arm_vcpu_get_events(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
 			      struct kvm_vcpu_events *events);
 
diff --git a/arch/arm/include/asm/kvm_hyp.h b/arch/arm/include/asm/kvm_hyp.h
index 40e9034db601..46484a516e76 100644
--- a/arch/arm/include/asm/kvm_hyp.h
+++ b/arch/arm/include/asm/kvm_hyp.h
@@ -64,6 +64,7 @@
 #define TLBIALLIS	__ACCESS_CP15(c8, 0, c3, 0)
 #define TLBIALL		__ACCESS_CP15(c8, 0, c7, 0)
 #define TLBIALLNSNHIS	__ACCESS_CP15(c8, 4, c3, 4)
+#define TLBIALLNSNH	__ACCESS_CP15(c8, 4, c7, 4)
 #define PRRR		__ACCESS_CP15(c10, 0, c2, 0)
 #define NMRR		__ACCESS_CP15(c10, 0, c2, 1)
 #define AMAIR0		__ACCESS_CP15(c10, 0, c3, 0)
diff --git a/arch/arm/include/asm/kvm_mmu.h b/arch/arm/include/asm/kvm_mmu.h
index 0d84d50bf9ba..d7208e7b01bd 100644
--- a/arch/arm/include/asm/kvm_mmu.h
+++ b/arch/arm/include/asm/kvm_mmu.h
@@ -426,7 +426,8 @@ static __always_inline u64 kvm_get_vttbr(struct kvm *kvm)
 	u64 vmid_field, baddr;
 
 	baddr = kvm->arch.pgd_phys;
-	vmid_field = (u64)vmid->vmid << VTTBR_VMID_SHIFT;
+	vmid_field = atomic64_read(&vmid->id) << VTTBR_VMID_SHIFT;
+	vmid_field &= VTTBR_VMID_MASK(kvm_get_vmid_bits());
 	return kvm_phys_to_vttbr(baddr) | vmid_field;
 }
 
diff --git a/arch/arm/kvm/hyp/tlb.c b/arch/arm/kvm/hyp/tlb.c
index 848f27bbad9d..af0108350a35 100644
--- a/arch/arm/kvm/hyp/tlb.c
+++ b/arch/arm/kvm/hyp/tlb.c
@@ -60,9 +60,9 @@ void __hyp_text __kvm_tlb_flush_local_vmid(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
 	write_sysreg(0, VTTBR);
 }
 
-void __hyp_text __kvm_flush_vm_context(void)
+void __hyp_text __kvm_tlb_flush_local_all(void)
 {
-	write_sysreg(0, TLBIALLNSNHIS);
-	write_sysreg(0, ICIALLUIS);
-	dsb(ish);
+	write_sysreg(0, TLBIALLNSNH);
+	write_sysreg(0, ICIALLU);
+	dsb(nsh);
 }
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_asid.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_asid.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..8b586e43c094
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_asid.h
@@ -0,0 +1,8 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
+#ifndef __ARM64_KVM_ASID_H__
+#define __ARM64_KVM_ASID_H__
+
+#include <asm/asid.h>
+
+#endif /* __ARM64_KVM_ASID_H__ */
+
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_asm.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_asm.h
index 44a243754c1b..0e19e8f1283a 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_asm.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_asm.h
@@ -57,10 +57,10 @@ extern char __kvm_hyp_init_end[];
 
 extern char __kvm_hyp_vector[];
 
-extern void __kvm_flush_vm_context(void);
 extern void __kvm_tlb_flush_vmid_ipa(struct kvm *kvm, phys_addr_t ipa);
 extern void __kvm_tlb_flush_vmid(struct kvm *kvm);
 extern void __kvm_tlb_flush_local_vmid(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
+extern void __kvm_tlb_flush_local_all(void);
 
 extern void __kvm_timer_set_cntvoff(u32 cntvoff_low, u32 cntvoff_high);
 
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_host.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_host.h
index f656169db8c3..501121a82bbc 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_host.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_host.h
@@ -57,9 +57,7 @@ int kvm_arch_vm_ioctl_check_extension(struct kvm *kvm, long ext);
 void __extended_idmap_trampoline(phys_addr_t boot_pgd, phys_addr_t idmap_start);
 
 struct kvm_vmid {
-	/* The VMID generation used for the virt. memory system */
-	u64    vmid_gen;
-	u32    vmid;
+	atomic64_t id;
 };
 
 struct kvm_arch {
@@ -467,7 +465,6 @@ u64 __kvm_call_hyp(void *hypfn, ...);
 		ret;							\
 	})
 
-void force_vm_exit(const cpumask_t *mask);
 void kvm_mmu_wp_memory_region(struct kvm *kvm, int slot);
 
 int handle_exit(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct kvm_run *run,
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_mmu.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_mmu.h
index 2ce8055a84b8..0c5b36af4abe 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_mmu.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_mmu.h
@@ -597,7 +597,8 @@ static __always_inline u64 kvm_get_vttbr(struct kvm *kvm)
 	u64 cnp = system_supports_cnp() ? VTTBR_CNP_BIT : 0;
 
 	baddr = kvm->arch.pgd_phys;
-	vmid_field = (u64)vmid->vmid << VTTBR_VMID_SHIFT;
+	vmid_field = atomic64_read(&vmid->id) << VTTBR_VMID_SHIFT;
+	vmid_field &= VTTBR_VMID_MASK(kvm_get_vmid_bits());
 	return kvm_phys_to_vttbr(baddr) | vmid_field | cnp;
 }
 
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/tlb.c b/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/tlb.c
index d49a14497715..46839c70461a 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/tlb.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/tlb.c
@@ -189,10 +189,10 @@ void __hyp_text __kvm_tlb_flush_local_vmid(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
 	__tlb_switch_to_host()(kvm, &cxt);
 }
 
-void __hyp_text __kvm_flush_vm_context(void)
+void __hyp_text __kvm_tlb_flush_local_all(void)
 {
-	dsb(ishst);
-	__tlbi(alle1is);
-	asm volatile("ic ialluis" : : );
-	dsb(ish);
+	dsb(nshst);
+	__tlbi(alle1);
+	asm volatile("ic iallu" : : );
+	dsb(nsh);
 }
diff --git a/virt/kvm/arm/arm.c b/virt/kvm/arm/arm.c
index f645c0fbf7ec..c01b6036c909 100644
--- a/virt/kvm/arm/arm.c
+++ b/virt/kvm/arm/arm.c
@@ -32,6 +32,7 @@
 #include <asm/tlbflush.h>
 #include <asm/cacheflush.h>
 #include <asm/cpufeature.h>
+#include <asm/lib_asid.h>
 #include <asm/virt.h>
 #include <asm/kvm_arm.h>
 #include <asm/kvm_asm.h>
@@ -50,10 +51,10 @@ static DEFINE_PER_CPU(unsigned long, kvm_arm_hyp_stack_page);
 /* Per-CPU variable containing the currently running vcpu. */
 static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct kvm_vcpu *, kvm_arm_running_vcpu);
 
-/* The VMID used in the VTTBR */
-static atomic64_t kvm_vmid_gen = ATOMIC64_INIT(1);
-static u32 kvm_next_vmid;
-static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(kvm_vmid_lock);
+static DEFINE_PER_CPU(atomic64_t, active_vmids);
+static DEFINE_PER_CPU(u64, reserved_vmids);
+
+struct asid_info vmid_info;
 
 static bool vgic_present;
 
@@ -128,9 +129,6 @@ int kvm_arch_init_vm(struct kvm *kvm, unsigned long type)
 
 	kvm_vgic_early_init(kvm);
 
-	/* Mark the initial VMID generation invalid */
-	kvm->arch.vmid.vmid_gen = 0;
-
 	/* The maximum number of VCPUs is limited by the host's GIC model */
 	kvm->arch.max_vcpus = vgic_present ?
 				kvm_vgic_get_max_vcpus() : KVM_MAX_VCPUS;
@@ -449,35 +447,9 @@ bool kvm_arch_vcpu_in_kernel(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
 	return vcpu_mode_priv(vcpu);
 }
 
-/* Just ensure a guest exit from a particular CPU */
-static void exit_vm_noop(void *info)
-{
-}
-
-void force_vm_exit(const cpumask_t *mask)
-{
-	preempt_disable();
-	smp_call_function_many(mask, exit_vm_noop, NULL, true);
-	preempt_enable();
-}
-
-/**
- * need_new_vmid_gen - check that the VMID is still valid
- * @vmid: The VMID to check
- *
- * return true if there is a new generation of VMIDs being used
- *
- * The hardware supports a limited set of values with the value zero reserved
- * for the host, so we check if an assigned value belongs to a previous
- * generation, which which requires us to assign a new value. If we're the
- * first to use a VMID for the new generation, we must flush necessary caches
- * and TLBs on all CPUs.
- */
-static bool need_new_vmid_gen(struct kvm_vmid *vmid)
+static void vmid_flush_cpu_ctxt(void)
 {
-	u64 current_vmid_gen = atomic64_read(&kvm_vmid_gen);
-	smp_rmb(); /* Orders read of kvm_vmid_gen and kvm->arch.vmid */
-	return unlikely(READ_ONCE(vmid->vmid_gen) != current_vmid_gen);
+	kvm_call_hyp(__kvm_tlb_flush_local_all);
 }
 
 /**
@@ -487,48 +459,9 @@ static bool need_new_vmid_gen(struct kvm_vmid *vmid)
  */
 static void update_vmid(struct kvm_vmid *vmid)
 {
-	if (!need_new_vmid_gen(vmid))
-		return;
-
-	spin_lock(&kvm_vmid_lock);
-
-	/*
-	 * We need to re-check the vmid_gen here to ensure that if another vcpu
-	 * already allocated a valid vmid for this vm, then this vcpu should
-	 * use the same vmid.
-	 */
-	if (!need_new_vmid_gen(vmid)) {
-		spin_unlock(&kvm_vmid_lock);
-		return;
-	}
-
-	/* First user of a new VMID generation? */
-	if (unlikely(kvm_next_vmid == 0)) {
-		atomic64_inc(&kvm_vmid_gen);
-		kvm_next_vmid = 1;
-
-		/*
-		 * On SMP we know no other CPUs can use this CPU's or each
-		 * other's VMID after force_vm_exit returns since the
-		 * kvm_vmid_lock blocks them from reentry to the guest.
-		 */
-		force_vm_exit(cpu_all_mask);
-		/*
-		 * Now broadcast TLB + ICACHE invalidation over the inner
-		 * shareable domain to make sure all data structures are
-		 * clean.
-		 */
-		kvm_call_hyp(__kvm_flush_vm_context);
-	}
+	int cpu = smp_processor_id();
 
-	vmid->vmid = kvm_next_vmid;
-	kvm_next_vmid++;
-	kvm_next_vmid &= (1 << kvm_get_vmid_bits()) - 1;
-
-	smp_wmb();
-	WRITE_ONCE(vmid->vmid_gen, atomic64_read(&kvm_vmid_gen));
-
-	spin_unlock(&kvm_vmid_lock);
+	asid_check_context(&vmid_info, &vmid->id, cpu);
 }
 
 static int kvm_vcpu_first_run_init(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
@@ -682,8 +615,6 @@ int kvm_arch_vcpu_ioctl_run(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct kvm_run *run)
 		 */
 		cond_resched();
 
-		update_vmid(&vcpu->kvm->arch.vmid);
-
 		check_vcpu_requests(vcpu);
 
 		/*
@@ -693,6 +624,15 @@ int kvm_arch_vcpu_ioctl_run(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct kvm_run *run)
 		 */
 		preempt_disable();
 
+		/*
+		 * The ASID/VMID allocator only tracks active VMIDs per
+		 * physical CPU, and therefore the VMID allocated may not be
+		 * preserved on VMID roll-over if the task was preempted,
+		 * making a thread's VMID inactive. So we need to call
+		 * update_vttbr in non-premptible context.
+		 */
+		update_vmid(&vcpu->kvm->arch.vmid);
+
 		kvm_pmu_flush_hwstate(vcpu);
 
 		local_irq_disable();
@@ -731,8 +671,7 @@ int kvm_arch_vcpu_ioctl_run(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct kvm_run *run)
 		 */
 		smp_store_mb(vcpu->mode, IN_GUEST_MODE);
 
-		if (ret <= 0 || need_new_vmid_gen(&vcpu->kvm->arch.vmid) ||
-		    kvm_request_pending(vcpu)) {
+		if (ret <= 0 || kvm_request_pending(vcpu)) {
 			vcpu->mode = OUTSIDE_GUEST_MODE;
 			isb(); /* Ensure work in x_flush_hwstate is committed */
 			kvm_pmu_sync_hwstate(vcpu);
@@ -1328,6 +1267,8 @@ static void cpu_hyp_reset(void)
 {
 	if (!is_kernel_in_hyp_mode())
 		__hyp_reset_vectors();
+
+	kvm_call_hyp(__kvm_tlb_flush_local_all);
 }
 
 static void cpu_hyp_reinit(void)
@@ -1431,11 +1372,32 @@ static inline void hyp_cpu_pm_exit(void)
 
 static int init_common_resources(void)
 {
+	int err;
+
+	/*
+	 * Initialize the ASID allocator telling it to allocate a single
+	 * VMID per VM.
+	 */
+	err = asid_allocator_init(&vmid_info, kvm_get_vmid_bits(), 1,
+				  vmid_flush_cpu_ctxt);
+	if (err) {
+		kvm_err("Failed to initialize VMID allocator.\n");
+		return err;
+	}
+
+	vmid_info.active = &active_vmids;
+	vmid_info.reserved = &reserved_vmids;
+
 	kvm_set_ipa_limit();
 
 	return 0;
 }
 
+static void free_common_resources(void)
+{
+	asid_allocator_free(&vmid_info);
+}
+
 static int init_subsystems(void)
 {
 	int err = 0;
@@ -1684,7 +1646,7 @@ int kvm_arch_init(void *opaque)
 
 	err = kvm_arm_init_sve();
 	if (err)
-		return err;
+		goto out_err;
 
 	if (!in_hyp_mode) {
 		err = init_hyp_mode();
@@ -1707,6 +1669,7 @@ int kvm_arch_init(void *opaque)
 	if (!in_hyp_mode)
 		teardown_hyp_mode();
 out_err:
+	free_common_resources();
 	return err;
 }
 
-- 
2.11.0

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kvmarm@lists.cs.columbia.edu
https://lists.cs.columbia.edu/mailman/listinfo/kvmarm

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 17+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v3 09/15] arm64/mm: Split the function check_and_switch_context in 3 parts
  2019-07-24 16:25 ` [PATCH v3 09/15] arm64/mm: Split the function check_and_switch_context in 3 parts Julien Grall
@ 2019-07-25 16:28   ` Catalin Marinas
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 17+ messages in thread
From: Catalin Marinas @ 2019-07-25 16:28 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Julien Grall
  Cc: marc.zyngier, will.deacon, linux-kernel, kvmarm, linux-arm-kernel

On Wed, Jul 24, 2019 at 05:25:28PM +0100, Julien Grall wrote:
> The function check_and_switch_context is used to:
>     1) Check whether the ASID is still valid
>     2) Generate a new one if it is not valid
>     3) Switch the context
> 
> While the latter is specific to the MM subsystem, the rest could be part
> of the generic ASID allocator.
> 
> After this patch, the function is now split in 3 parts which corresponds
> to the use of the functions:
>     1) asid_check_context: Check if the ASID is still valid
>     2) asid_new_context: Generate a new ASID for the context
>     3) check_and_switch_context: Call 1) and 2) and switch the context
> 
> 1) and 2) have not been merged in a single function because we want to
> avoid to add a branch in when the ASID is still valid. This will matter
> when the code will be moved in separate file later on as 1) will reside
> in the header as a static inline function.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Julien Grall <julien.grall@arm.com>
> 
> ---
>     Will wants to avoid to add a branch when the ASID is still valid. So
>     1) and 2) are in separates function. The former will move to a new
>     header and make static inline.

Was this discussion logged somewhere, just to get the context?

I presume by "branch" you meant the function call to
asid_check_context(). Personally, I don't like the duplication of this
function in patch 13. This is part of the ASID allocation algorithm and
I prefer to keep them together (we even had a bug in here with the xchg
use).

Do you have any numbers to show how non-inlining this function affects
the performance (hackbench -P would do).

-- 
Catalin
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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 17+ messages in thread

end of thread, back to index

Thread overview: 17+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
-- links below jump to the message on this page --
2019-07-24 16:25 [PATCH v3 00/15] kvm/arm: Align the VMID allocation with the arm64 ASID one Julien Grall
2019-07-24 16:25 ` [PATCH v3 01/15] arm64/mm: Introduce asid_info structure and move asid_generation/asid_map to it Julien Grall
2019-07-24 16:25 ` [PATCH v3 02/15] arm64/mm: Move active_asids and reserved_asids to asid_info Julien Grall
2019-07-24 16:25 ` [PATCH v3 03/15] arm64/mm: Move bits " Julien Grall
2019-07-24 16:25 ` [PATCH v3 04/15] arm64/mm: Move the variable lock and tlb_flush_pending " Julien Grall
2019-07-24 16:25 ` [PATCH v3 05/15] arm64/mm: Remove dependency on MM in new_context Julien Grall
2019-07-24 16:25 ` [PATCH v3 06/15] arm64/mm: Store the number of asid allocated per context Julien Grall
2019-07-24 16:25 ` [PATCH v3 07/15] arm64/mm: Introduce NUM_ASIDS Julien Grall
2019-07-24 16:25 ` [PATCH v3 08/15] arm64/mm: Split asid_inits in 2 parts Julien Grall
2019-07-24 16:25 ` [PATCH v3 09/15] arm64/mm: Split the function check_and_switch_context in 3 parts Julien Grall
2019-07-25 16:28   ` Catalin Marinas
2019-07-24 16:25 ` [PATCH v3 10/15] arm64/mm: Introduce a callback to flush the local context Julien Grall
2019-07-24 16:25 ` [PATCH v3 11/15] arm64: Move the ASID allocator code in a separate file Julien Grall
2019-07-24 16:25 ` [PATCH v3 12/15] arm64/lib: Add an helper to free memory allocated by the ASID allocator Julien Grall
2019-07-24 16:25 ` [PATCH v3 13/15] arm/kvm: Introduce a new VMID allocator Julien Grall
2019-07-24 16:25 ` [PATCH v3 14/15] arch/arm64: Introduce a capability to tell whether 16-bit VMID is available Julien Grall
2019-07-24 16:25 ` [PATCH v3 15/15] kvm/arm: Align the VMID allocation with the arm64 ASID one Julien Grall

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