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* [PATCH v25 0/9] Control-flow Enforcement: Indirect Branch Tracking
@ 2021-04-15 22:17 Yu-cheng Yu
  2021-04-15 22:17 ` [PATCH v25 1/9] x86/cet/ibt: Add Kconfig option for " Yu-cheng Yu
                   ` (8 more replies)
  0 siblings, 9 replies; 10+ messages in thread
From: Yu-cheng Yu @ 2021-04-15 22:17 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: x86, H. Peter Anvin, Thomas Gleixner, Ingo Molnar, linux-kernel,
	linux-doc, linux-mm, linux-arch, linux-api, Arnd Bergmann,
	Andy Lutomirski, Balbir Singh, Borislav Petkov, Cyrill Gorcunov,
	Dave Hansen, Eugene Syromiatnikov, Florian Weimer, H.J. Lu,
	Jann Horn, Jonathan Corbet, Kees Cook, Mike Kravetz, Nadav Amit,
	Oleg Nesterov, Pavel Machek, Peter Zijlstra, Randy Dunlap,
	Ravi V. Shankar, Vedvyas Shanbhogue, Dave Martin, Weijiang Yang,
	Pengfei Xu, Haitao Huang
  Cc: Yu-cheng Yu

Control-flow Enforcement (CET) is a new Intel processor feature that blocks
return/jump-oriented programming attacks.  Details are in "Intel 64 and
IA-32 Architectures Software Developer's Manual" [1].

This is the second part of CET and enables Indirect Branch Tracking (IBT).
It is built on top of the shadow stack series.

Changes in v25:
- Make updates to Kconfig and CPU feature flags for the removal of Kconfig
  X86_CET and software-defined X86_FEATURE_CET.
- Update ENDBR definition.
- Rebase to Linus tree v5.12-rc7.

[1] Intel 64 and IA-32 Architectures Software Developer's Manual:

    https://software.intel.com/en-us/download/intel-64-and-ia-32-
    architectures-sdm-combined-volumes-1-2a-2b-2c-2d-3a-3b-3c-3d-and-4

[2] Indirect Branch Tracking patches v24:

    https://lore.kernel.org/r/20210401221403.32253-1-yu-cheng.yu@intel.com/

H.J. Lu (3):
  x86/cet/ibt: Update arch_prctl functions for Indirect Branch Tracking
  x86/vdso: Insert endbr32/endbr64 to vDSO
  x86/vdso/32: Add ENDBR to __kernel_vsyscall entry point

Yu-cheng Yu (6):
  x86/cet/ibt: Add Kconfig option for Indirect Branch Tracking
  x86/cet/ibt: Add user-mode Indirect Branch Tracking support
  x86/cet/ibt: Handle signals for Indirect Branch Tracking
  x86/cet/ibt: Update ELF header parsing for Indirect Branch Tracking
  x86/vdso: Introduce ENDBR macro
  x86/vdso: Add ENDBR to __vdso_sgx_enter_enclave

 arch/x86/Kconfig                         | 21 +++++++++
 arch/x86/entry/vdso/Makefile             |  4 ++
 arch/x86/entry/vdso/vdso32/system_call.S |  2 +
 arch/x86/entry/vdso/vsgx.S               |  4 ++
 arch/x86/include/asm/cet.h               |  9 ++++
 arch/x86/include/asm/disabled-features.h |  8 +++-
 arch/x86/include/asm/vdso.h              | 20 ++++++++-
 arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/sigcontext.h   |  1 +
 arch/x86/kernel/Makefile                 |  1 +
 arch/x86/kernel/cet_prctl.c              |  5 +++
 arch/x86/kernel/fpu/signal.c             | 33 ++++++++++++--
 arch/x86/kernel/ibt.c                    | 57 ++++++++++++++++++++++++
 arch/x86/kernel/process_64.c             |  8 ++++
 13 files changed, 168 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 arch/x86/kernel/ibt.c

-- 
2.21.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 10+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v25 1/9] x86/cet/ibt: Add Kconfig option for Indirect Branch Tracking
  2021-04-15 22:17 [PATCH v25 0/9] Control-flow Enforcement: Indirect Branch Tracking Yu-cheng Yu
@ 2021-04-15 22:17 ` Yu-cheng Yu
  2021-04-15 22:17 ` [PATCH v25 2/9] x86/cet/ibt: Add user-mode Indirect Branch Tracking support Yu-cheng Yu
                   ` (7 subsequent siblings)
  8 siblings, 0 replies; 10+ messages in thread
From: Yu-cheng Yu @ 2021-04-15 22:17 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: x86, H. Peter Anvin, Thomas Gleixner, Ingo Molnar, linux-kernel,
	linux-doc, linux-mm, linux-arch, linux-api, Arnd Bergmann,
	Andy Lutomirski, Balbir Singh, Borislav Petkov, Cyrill Gorcunov,
	Dave Hansen, Eugene Syromiatnikov, Florian Weimer, H.J. Lu,
	Jann Horn, Jonathan Corbet, Kees Cook, Mike Kravetz, Nadav Amit,
	Oleg Nesterov, Pavel Machek, Peter Zijlstra, Randy Dunlap,
	Ravi V. Shankar, Vedvyas Shanbhogue, Dave Martin, Weijiang Yang,
	Pengfei Xu, Haitao Huang
  Cc: Yu-cheng Yu

Indirect Branch Tracking (IBT) provides protection against CALL-/JMP-
oriented programming attacks.  It is active when the kernel has this
feature enabled, and the processor and the application support it.
When this feature is enabled, legacy non-IBT applications continue to
work, but without IBT protection.

Signed-off-by: Yu-cheng Yu <yu-cheng.yu@intel.com>
Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
---
v25:
- Make CONFIG_X86_IBT depend on CONFIG_X86_SHADOW_STACK.

 arch/x86/Kconfig                         | 19 +++++++++++++++++++
 arch/x86/include/asm/disabled-features.h |  8 +++++++-
 2 files changed, 26 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/Kconfig b/arch/x86/Kconfig
index 77d2e44995d7..6bb69fba0dad 100644
--- a/arch/x86/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/x86/Kconfig
@@ -1965,6 +1965,25 @@ config X86_SHADOW_STACK
 
 	  If unsure, say N.
 
+config X86_IBT
+	prompt "Intel Indirect Branch Tracking"
+	def_bool n
+	depends on X86_SHADOW_STACK
+	depends on $(cc-option,-fcf-protection)
+	help
+	  Indirect Branch Tracking (IBT) provides protection against
+	  CALL-/JMP-oriented programming attacks.  It is active when
+	  the kernel has this feature enabled, and the processor and
+	  the application support it.  When this feature is enabled,
+	  legacy non-IBT applications continue to work, but without
+	  IBT protection.
+	  Support for this feature is present on Tiger Lake family of
+	  processors released in 2020 or later.  Enabling this feature
+	  increases kernel text size by 3.7 KB.
+	  See Documentation/x86/intel_cet.rst for more information.
+
+	  If unsure, say N.
+
 config EFI
 	bool "EFI runtime service support"
 	depends on ACPI
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/disabled-features.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/disabled-features.h
index e5c6ed9373e8..07cc40d49947 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/disabled-features.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/disabled-features.h
@@ -74,6 +74,12 @@
 #define DISABLE_SHSTK	(1 << (X86_FEATURE_SHSTK & 31))
 #endif
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_IBT
+#define DISABLE_IBT	0
+#else
+#define DISABLE_IBT	(1 << (X86_FEATURE_IBT & 31))
+#endif
+
 /*
  * Make sure to add features to the correct mask
  */
@@ -96,7 +102,7 @@
 #define DISABLED_MASK16	(DISABLE_PKU|DISABLE_OSPKE|DISABLE_LA57|DISABLE_UMIP| \
 			 DISABLE_ENQCMD|DISABLE_SHSTK)
 #define DISABLED_MASK17	0
-#define DISABLED_MASK18	0
+#define DISABLED_MASK18	(DISABLE_IBT)
 #define DISABLED_MASK19	0
 #define DISABLED_MASK_CHECK BUILD_BUG_ON_ZERO(NCAPINTS != 20)
 
-- 
2.21.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 10+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v25 2/9] x86/cet/ibt: Add user-mode Indirect Branch Tracking support
  2021-04-15 22:17 [PATCH v25 0/9] Control-flow Enforcement: Indirect Branch Tracking Yu-cheng Yu
  2021-04-15 22:17 ` [PATCH v25 1/9] x86/cet/ibt: Add Kconfig option for " Yu-cheng Yu
@ 2021-04-15 22:17 ` Yu-cheng Yu
  2021-04-15 22:17 ` [PATCH v25 3/9] x86/cet/ibt: Handle signals for Indirect Branch Tracking Yu-cheng Yu
                   ` (6 subsequent siblings)
  8 siblings, 0 replies; 10+ messages in thread
From: Yu-cheng Yu @ 2021-04-15 22:17 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: x86, H. Peter Anvin, Thomas Gleixner, Ingo Molnar, linux-kernel,
	linux-doc, linux-mm, linux-arch, linux-api, Arnd Bergmann,
	Andy Lutomirski, Balbir Singh, Borislav Petkov, Cyrill Gorcunov,
	Dave Hansen, Eugene Syromiatnikov, Florian Weimer, H.J. Lu,
	Jann Horn, Jonathan Corbet, Kees Cook, Mike Kravetz, Nadav Amit,
	Oleg Nesterov, Pavel Machek, Peter Zijlstra, Randy Dunlap,
	Ravi V. Shankar, Vedvyas Shanbhogue, Dave Martin, Weijiang Yang,
	Pengfei Xu, Haitao Huang
  Cc: Yu-cheng Yu

Introduce user-mode Indirect Branch Tracking (IBT) support.  Add routines
for the setup/disable of IBT.

Signed-off-by: Yu-cheng Yu <yu-cheng.yu@intel.com>
Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
---
v24:
- Move IBT routines to a separate ibt.c, update related areas accordingly.

 arch/x86/include/asm/cet.h |  9 ++++++
 arch/x86/kernel/Makefile   |  1 +
 arch/x86/kernel/ibt.c      | 57 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 3 files changed, 67 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 arch/x86/kernel/ibt.c

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/cet.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/cet.h
index 662335ceb57f..17afcc9ea4d1 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/cet.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/cet.h
@@ -15,6 +15,7 @@ struct cet_status {
 	unsigned long	shstk_base;
 	unsigned long	shstk_size;
 	unsigned int	locked:1;
+	unsigned int	ibt_enabled:1;
 };
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_X86_SHADOW_STACK
@@ -41,6 +42,14 @@ static inline int shstk_check_rstor_token(bool ia32, unsigned long token_addr,
 					  unsigned long *new_ssp) { return 0; }
 #endif
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_IBT
+int ibt_setup(void);
+void ibt_disable(void);
+#else
+static inline int ibt_setup(void) { return 0; }
+static inline void ibt_disable(void) {}
+#endif
+
 #ifdef CONFIG_X86_SHADOW_STACK
 int prctl_cet(int option, u64 arg2);
 #else
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile b/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile
index eb13d578ad36..e10e007c1d80 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile
@@ -151,6 +151,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_UNWINDER_GUESS)		+= unwind_guess.o
 
 obj-$(CONFIG_AMD_MEM_ENCRYPT)		+= sev-es.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_X86_SHADOW_STACK)		+= shstk.o cet_prctl.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_X86_IBT)			+= ibt.o
 
 ###
 # 64 bit specific files
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/ibt.c b/arch/x86/kernel/ibt.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..d2cef1a0345b
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/ibt.c
@@ -0,0 +1,57 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+/*
+ * ibt.c - Intel Indirect Branch Tracking support
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2021, Intel Corporation.
+ * Yu-cheng Yu <yu-cheng.yu@intel.com>
+ */
+
+#include <linux/user.h>
+#include <asm/msr.h>
+#include <asm/fpu/internal.h>
+#include <asm/fpu/xstate.h>
+#include <asm/fpu/types.h>
+#include <asm/cet.h>
+
+static void start_update_msrs(void)
+{
+	fpregs_lock();
+	if (test_thread_flag(TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD))
+		__fpregs_load_activate();
+}
+
+static void end_update_msrs(void)
+{
+	fpregs_unlock();
+}
+
+int ibt_setup(void)
+{
+	u64 msr_val;
+
+	if (!cpu_feature_enabled(X86_FEATURE_IBT))
+		return -EOPNOTSUPP;
+
+	start_update_msrs();
+	rdmsrl(MSR_IA32_U_CET, msr_val);
+	msr_val |= (CET_ENDBR_EN | CET_NO_TRACK_EN);
+	wrmsrl(MSR_IA32_U_CET, msr_val);
+	end_update_msrs();
+	current->thread.cet.ibt_enabled = 1;
+	return 0;
+}
+
+void ibt_disable(void)
+{
+	u64 msr_val;
+
+	if (!cpu_feature_enabled(X86_FEATURE_IBT))
+		return;
+
+	start_update_msrs();
+	rdmsrl(MSR_IA32_U_CET, msr_val);
+	msr_val &= ~CET_ENDBR_EN;
+	wrmsrl(MSR_IA32_U_CET, msr_val);
+	end_update_msrs();
+	current->thread.cet.ibt_enabled = 0;
+}
-- 
2.21.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 10+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v25 3/9] x86/cet/ibt: Handle signals for Indirect Branch Tracking
  2021-04-15 22:17 [PATCH v25 0/9] Control-flow Enforcement: Indirect Branch Tracking Yu-cheng Yu
  2021-04-15 22:17 ` [PATCH v25 1/9] x86/cet/ibt: Add Kconfig option for " Yu-cheng Yu
  2021-04-15 22:17 ` [PATCH v25 2/9] x86/cet/ibt: Add user-mode Indirect Branch Tracking support Yu-cheng Yu
@ 2021-04-15 22:17 ` Yu-cheng Yu
  2021-04-15 22:17 ` [PATCH v25 4/9] x86/cet/ibt: Update ELF header parsing " Yu-cheng Yu
                   ` (5 subsequent siblings)
  8 siblings, 0 replies; 10+ messages in thread
From: Yu-cheng Yu @ 2021-04-15 22:17 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: x86, H. Peter Anvin, Thomas Gleixner, Ingo Molnar, linux-kernel,
	linux-doc, linux-mm, linux-arch, linux-api, Arnd Bergmann,
	Andy Lutomirski, Balbir Singh, Borislav Petkov, Cyrill Gorcunov,
	Dave Hansen, Eugene Syromiatnikov, Florian Weimer, H.J. Lu,
	Jann Horn, Jonathan Corbet, Kees Cook, Mike Kravetz, Nadav Amit,
	Oleg Nesterov, Pavel Machek, Peter Zijlstra, Randy Dunlap,
	Ravi V. Shankar, Vedvyas Shanbhogue, Dave Martin, Weijiang Yang,
	Pengfei Xu, Haitao Huang
  Cc: Yu-cheng Yu

When an indirect CALL/JMP instruction is executed and before it reaches
the target, it is in 'WAIT_ENDBR' status, which can be read from
MSR_IA32_U_CET.  The status is part of a task's status before a signal is
raised and preserved in the signal frame.  It is restored for sigreturn.

IBT state machine is described in Intel SDM Vol. 1, Sec. 18.3.

Signed-off-by: Yu-cheng Yu <yu-cheng.yu@intel.com>
Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
---
v25:
- Move the addition of sc_ext.wait_endbr from an earlier shadow stack
  patch to here.
- Change X86_FEATURE_CET to X86_FEATURE_SHSTK.
- Change wrmsrl() to wrmsrl_safe() and handle error.
v24:
- Update for changes from splitting shadow stack and ibt.

 arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/sigcontext.h |  1 +
 arch/x86/kernel/fpu/signal.c           | 33 +++++++++++++++++++++++---
 2 files changed, 31 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/sigcontext.h b/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/sigcontext.h
index 10d7fa192d48..ee5bacce7d87 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/sigcontext.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/sigcontext.h
@@ -203,6 +203,7 @@ struct _xstate {
 struct sc_ext {
 	unsigned long total_size;
 	unsigned long ssp;
+	unsigned long wait_endbr;
 };
 
 /*
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/fpu/signal.c b/arch/x86/kernel/fpu/signal.c
index 0488407bec81..0ed01e70b09e 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/fpu/signal.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/fpu/signal.c
@@ -71,16 +71,29 @@ int save_extra_state_to_sigframe(int ia32, void __user *fp, void __user *restore
 			return err;
 
 		ext.ssp = token_addr;
+	}
 
+	if (new_ssp || cet->ibt_enabled) {
 		fpregs_lock();
 		if (test_thread_flag(TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD))
 			__fpregs_load_activate();
 		if (new_ssp)
 			err = wrmsrl_safe(MSR_IA32_PL3_SSP, new_ssp);
+
+		if (!err && cet->ibt_enabled) {
+			u64 msr_val;
+
+			err = rdmsrl_safe(MSR_IA32_U_CET, &msr_val);
+			if (!err && (msr_val & CET_WAIT_ENDBR)) {
+				ext.wait_endbr = 1;
+				msr_val &= ~CET_WAIT_ENDBR;
+				err = wrmsrl_safe(MSR_IA32_U_CET, msr_val);
+			}
+		}
 		fpregs_unlock();
 	}
 
-	if (!err && ext.ssp) {
+	if (!err && (ext.ssp || cet->ibt_enabled)) {
 		void __user *p = fp;
 
 		ext.total_size = sizeof(ext);
@@ -110,7 +123,8 @@ static int get_extra_state_from_sigframe(int ia32, void __user *fp, struct sc_ex
 	if (!cpu_feature_enabled(X86_FEATURE_SHSTK))
 		return 0;
 
-	if (!cet->shstk_size)
+	if (!cet->shstk_size &&
+	    !cet->ibt_enabled)
 		return 0;
 
 	memset(ext, 0, sizeof(*ext));
@@ -149,6 +163,19 @@ static int restore_extra_state_to_xregs(struct sc_ext *sc_ext)
 
 	if (cet->shstk_size)
 		err = wrmsrl_safe(MSR_IA32_PL3_SSP, sc_ext->ssp);
+
+	if (err)
+		return err;
+
+	if (cet->ibt_enabled && sc_ext->wait_endbr) {
+		u64 msr_val;
+
+		err = rdmsrl_safe(MSR_IA32_U_CET, &msr_val);
+		if (!err) {
+			msr_val |= CET_WAIT_ENDBR;
+			err = wrmsrl_safe(MSR_IA32_U_CET, msr_val);
+		}
+	}
 #endif
 	return err;
 }
@@ -616,7 +643,7 @@ static unsigned long fpu__alloc_sigcontext_ext(unsigned long sp)
 	 * sigcontext_ext is at: fpu + fpu_user_xstate_size +
 	 * FP_XSTATE_MAGIC2_SIZE, then aligned to 8.
 	 */
-	if (cet->shstk_size)
+	if (cet->shstk_size || cet->ibt_enabled)
 		sp -= (sizeof(struct sc_ext) + 8);
 #endif
 	return sp;
-- 
2.21.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 10+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v25 4/9] x86/cet/ibt: Update ELF header parsing for Indirect Branch Tracking
  2021-04-15 22:17 [PATCH v25 0/9] Control-flow Enforcement: Indirect Branch Tracking Yu-cheng Yu
                   ` (2 preceding siblings ...)
  2021-04-15 22:17 ` [PATCH v25 3/9] x86/cet/ibt: Handle signals for Indirect Branch Tracking Yu-cheng Yu
@ 2021-04-15 22:17 ` Yu-cheng Yu
  2021-04-15 22:17 ` [PATCH v25 5/9] x86/cet/ibt: Update arch_prctl functions " Yu-cheng Yu
                   ` (4 subsequent siblings)
  8 siblings, 0 replies; 10+ messages in thread
From: Yu-cheng Yu @ 2021-04-15 22:17 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: x86, H. Peter Anvin, Thomas Gleixner, Ingo Molnar, linux-kernel,
	linux-doc, linux-mm, linux-arch, linux-api, Arnd Bergmann,
	Andy Lutomirski, Balbir Singh, Borislav Petkov, Cyrill Gorcunov,
	Dave Hansen, Eugene Syromiatnikov, Florian Weimer, H.J. Lu,
	Jann Horn, Jonathan Corbet, Kees Cook, Mike Kravetz, Nadav Amit,
	Oleg Nesterov, Pavel Machek, Peter Zijlstra, Randy Dunlap,
	Ravi V. Shankar, Vedvyas Shanbhogue, Dave Martin, Weijiang Yang,
	Pengfei Xu, Haitao Huang
  Cc: Yu-cheng Yu

An ELF file's .note.gnu.property indicates features the file supports.
The property is parsed at loading time and passed to arch_setup_elf_
property().  Update it for Indirect Branch Tracking.

Signed-off-by: Yu-cheng Yu <yu-cheng.yu@intel.com>
Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
---
v24:
- Update for splitting shadow stack and ibt.

 arch/x86/Kconfig             | 2 ++
 arch/x86/kernel/process_64.c | 8 ++++++++
 2 files changed, 10 insertions(+)

diff --git a/arch/x86/Kconfig b/arch/x86/Kconfig
index 6bb69fba0dad..7436e3a608e8 100644
--- a/arch/x86/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/x86/Kconfig
@@ -1970,6 +1970,8 @@ config X86_IBT
 	def_bool n
 	depends on X86_SHADOW_STACK
 	depends on $(cc-option,-fcf-protection)
+	select ARCH_USE_GNU_PROPERTY
+	select ARCH_BINFMT_ELF_STATE
 	help
 	  Indirect Branch Tracking (IBT) provides protection against
 	  CALL-/JMP-oriented programming attacks.  It is active when
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/process_64.c b/arch/x86/kernel/process_64.c
index d71045b29475..bf8ef10e5b78 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/process_64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/process_64.c
@@ -864,6 +864,14 @@ int arch_setup_elf_property(struct arch_elf_state *state)
 			r = shstk_setup();
 	}
 
+	if (r < 0)
+		return r;
+
+	if (cpu_feature_enabled(X86_FEATURE_IBT)) {
+		if (state->gnu_property & GNU_PROPERTY_X86_FEATURE_1_IBT)
+			r = ibt_setup();
+	}
+
 	return r;
 }
 #endif
-- 
2.21.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 10+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v25 5/9] x86/cet/ibt: Update arch_prctl functions for Indirect Branch Tracking
  2021-04-15 22:17 [PATCH v25 0/9] Control-flow Enforcement: Indirect Branch Tracking Yu-cheng Yu
                   ` (3 preceding siblings ...)
  2021-04-15 22:17 ` [PATCH v25 4/9] x86/cet/ibt: Update ELF header parsing " Yu-cheng Yu
@ 2021-04-15 22:17 ` Yu-cheng Yu
  2021-04-15 22:17 ` [PATCH v25 6/9] x86/vdso: Insert endbr32/endbr64 to vDSO Yu-cheng Yu
                   ` (3 subsequent siblings)
  8 siblings, 0 replies; 10+ messages in thread
From: Yu-cheng Yu @ 2021-04-15 22:17 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: x86, H. Peter Anvin, Thomas Gleixner, Ingo Molnar, linux-kernel,
	linux-doc, linux-mm, linux-arch, linux-api, Arnd Bergmann,
	Andy Lutomirski, Balbir Singh, Borislav Petkov, Cyrill Gorcunov,
	Dave Hansen, Eugene Syromiatnikov, Florian Weimer, H.J. Lu,
	Jann Horn, Jonathan Corbet, Kees Cook, Mike Kravetz, Nadav Amit,
	Oleg Nesterov, Pavel Machek, Peter Zijlstra, Randy Dunlap,
	Ravi V. Shankar, Vedvyas Shanbhogue, Dave Martin, Weijiang Yang,
	Pengfei Xu, Haitao Huang
  Cc: Yu-cheng Yu

From: "H.J. Lu" <hjl.tools@gmail.com>

Update ARCH_X86_CET_STATUS and ARCH_X86_CET_DISABLE for Indirect Branch
Tracking.

Signed-off-by: H.J. Lu <hjl.tools@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Yu-cheng Yu <yu-cheng.yu@intel.com>
Reviewed-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
---
v24:
- Update for function name changes from splitting shadow stack and ibt.

 arch/x86/kernel/cet_prctl.c | 5 +++++
 1 file changed, 5 insertions(+)

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cet_prctl.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cet_prctl.c
index 3bb9f32ca70d..ab05597545c5 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cet_prctl.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cet_prctl.c
@@ -22,6 +22,9 @@ static int cet_copy_status_to_user(struct cet_status *cet, u64 __user *ubuf)
 		buf[2] = cet->shstk_size;
 	}
 
+	if (cet->ibt_enabled)
+		buf[0] |= GNU_PROPERTY_X86_FEATURE_1_IBT;
+
 	return copy_to_user(ubuf, buf, sizeof(buf));
 }
 
@@ -46,6 +49,8 @@ int prctl_cet(int option, u64 arg2)
 			return -EINVAL;
 		if (arg2 & GNU_PROPERTY_X86_FEATURE_1_SHSTK)
 			shstk_disable();
+		if (arg2 & GNU_PROPERTY_X86_FEATURE_1_IBT)
+			ibt_disable();
 		return 0;
 
 	case ARCH_X86_CET_LOCK:
-- 
2.21.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 10+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v25 6/9] x86/vdso: Insert endbr32/endbr64 to vDSO
  2021-04-15 22:17 [PATCH v25 0/9] Control-flow Enforcement: Indirect Branch Tracking Yu-cheng Yu
                   ` (4 preceding siblings ...)
  2021-04-15 22:17 ` [PATCH v25 5/9] x86/cet/ibt: Update arch_prctl functions " Yu-cheng Yu
@ 2021-04-15 22:17 ` Yu-cheng Yu
  2021-04-15 22:17 ` [PATCH v25 7/9] x86/vdso: Introduce ENDBR macro Yu-cheng Yu
                   ` (2 subsequent siblings)
  8 siblings, 0 replies; 10+ messages in thread
From: Yu-cheng Yu @ 2021-04-15 22:17 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: x86, H. Peter Anvin, Thomas Gleixner, Ingo Molnar, linux-kernel,
	linux-doc, linux-mm, linux-arch, linux-api, Arnd Bergmann,
	Andy Lutomirski, Balbir Singh, Borislav Petkov, Cyrill Gorcunov,
	Dave Hansen, Eugene Syromiatnikov, Florian Weimer, H.J. Lu,
	Jann Horn, Jonathan Corbet, Kees Cook, Mike Kravetz, Nadav Amit,
	Oleg Nesterov, Pavel Machek, Peter Zijlstra, Randy Dunlap,
	Ravi V. Shankar, Vedvyas Shanbhogue, Dave Martin, Weijiang Yang,
	Pengfei Xu, Haitao Huang
  Cc: Yu-cheng Yu

From: "H.J. Lu" <hjl.tools@gmail.com>

When Indirect Branch Tracking (IBT) is enabled, vDSO functions may be
called indirectly, and must have ENDBR32 or ENDBR64 as the first
instruction.  The compiler must support -fcf-protection=branch so that it
can be used to compile vDSO.

Signed-off-by: H.J. Lu <hjl.tools@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Yu-cheng Yu <yu-cheng.yu@intel.com>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
---
v24:
- Replace CONFIG_X86_CET with CONFIG_X86_IBT to reflect splitting of shadow
  stack and ibt.

 arch/x86/entry/vdso/Makefile | 4 ++++
 1 file changed, 4 insertions(+)

diff --git a/arch/x86/entry/vdso/Makefile b/arch/x86/entry/vdso/Makefile
index 05c4abc2fdfd..a773a5f03b63 100644
--- a/arch/x86/entry/vdso/Makefile
+++ b/arch/x86/entry/vdso/Makefile
@@ -93,6 +93,10 @@ endif
 
 $(vobjs): KBUILD_CFLAGS := $(filter-out $(CC_FLAGS_LTO) $(GCC_PLUGINS_CFLAGS) $(RETPOLINE_CFLAGS),$(KBUILD_CFLAGS)) $(CFL)
 
+ifdef CONFIG_X86_IBT
+$(vobjs) $(vobjs32): KBUILD_CFLAGS += -fcf-protection=branch
+endif
+
 #
 # vDSO code runs in userspace and -pg doesn't help with profiling anyway.
 #
-- 
2.21.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 10+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v25 7/9] x86/vdso: Introduce ENDBR macro
  2021-04-15 22:17 [PATCH v25 0/9] Control-flow Enforcement: Indirect Branch Tracking Yu-cheng Yu
                   ` (5 preceding siblings ...)
  2021-04-15 22:17 ` [PATCH v25 6/9] x86/vdso: Insert endbr32/endbr64 to vDSO Yu-cheng Yu
@ 2021-04-15 22:17 ` Yu-cheng Yu
  2021-04-15 22:17 ` [PATCH v25 8/9] x86/vdso/32: Add ENDBR to __kernel_vsyscall entry point Yu-cheng Yu
  2021-04-15 22:17 ` [PATCH v25 9/9] x86/vdso: Add ENDBR to __vdso_sgx_enter_enclave Yu-cheng Yu
  8 siblings, 0 replies; 10+ messages in thread
From: Yu-cheng Yu @ 2021-04-15 22:17 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: x86, H. Peter Anvin, Thomas Gleixner, Ingo Molnar, linux-kernel,
	linux-doc, linux-mm, linux-arch, linux-api, Arnd Bergmann,
	Andy Lutomirski, Balbir Singh, Borislav Petkov, Cyrill Gorcunov,
	Dave Hansen, Eugene Syromiatnikov, Florian Weimer, H.J. Lu,
	Jann Horn, Jonathan Corbet, Kees Cook, Mike Kravetz, Nadav Amit,
	Oleg Nesterov, Pavel Machek, Peter Zijlstra, Randy Dunlap,
	Ravi V. Shankar, Vedvyas Shanbhogue, Dave Martin, Weijiang Yang,
	Pengfei Xu, Haitao Huang
  Cc: Yu-cheng Yu, Jarkko Sakkinen

ENDBR is a special new instruction for the Indirect Branch Tracking (IBT)
component of CET.  IBT prevents attacks by ensuring that (most) indirect
branches and function calls may only land at ENDBR instructions.  Branches
that don't follow the rules will result in control flow (#CF) exceptions.

ENDBR is a noop when IBT is unsupported or disabled.  Most ENDBR
instructions are inserted automatically by the compiler, but branch
targets written in assembly must have ENDBR added manually.

There are two ENDBR versions: endbr64 and endbr32.  The compilers (gcc and
clang) have _CET_ENDBR defined for the proper one.  Introduce ENDBR macro,
which equals the compiler macro when enabled, otherwise nothing.

Signed-off-by: Yu-cheng Yu <yu-cheng.yu@intel.com>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Jarkko Sakkinen <jarkko@kernel.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
---
v25:
- Change from using the compiler's cet.h back to just ENDBR64/ENDBR32,
  since the information is already known, and keep it simple.

 arch/x86/include/asm/vdso.h | 20 +++++++++++++++++++-
 1 file changed, 19 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/vdso.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/vdso.h
index 98aa103eb4ab..97358246e4c7 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/vdso.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/vdso.h
@@ -52,6 +52,24 @@ extern int map_vdso_once(const struct vdso_image *image, unsigned long addr);
 extern bool fixup_vdso_exception(struct pt_regs *regs, int trapnr,
 				 unsigned long error_code,
 				 unsigned long fault_addr);
-#endif /* __ASSEMBLER__ */
+#else /* __ASSEMBLER__ */
+
+/*
+ * ENDBR is an instruction for the Indirect Branch Tracking (IBT) component
+ * of CET.  IBT prevents attacks by ensuring that (most) indirect branches
+ * function calls may only land at ENDBR instructions.  Branches that don't
+ * follow the rules will result in control flow (#CF) exceptions.
+ * ENDBR is a noop when IBT is unsupported or disabled.  Most ENDBR
+ * instructions are inserted automatically by the compiler, but branch
+ * targets written in assembly must have ENDBR added manually.
+ */
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_IBT
+#define ENDBR64 endbr64
+#define ENDBR32 endbr32
+#else
+#define ENDBR64
+#define ENDBR32
+#endif
 
+#endif /* __ASSEMBLER__ */
 #endif /* _ASM_X86_VDSO_H */
-- 
2.21.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 10+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v25 8/9] x86/vdso/32: Add ENDBR to __kernel_vsyscall entry point
  2021-04-15 22:17 [PATCH v25 0/9] Control-flow Enforcement: Indirect Branch Tracking Yu-cheng Yu
                   ` (6 preceding siblings ...)
  2021-04-15 22:17 ` [PATCH v25 7/9] x86/vdso: Introduce ENDBR macro Yu-cheng Yu
@ 2021-04-15 22:17 ` Yu-cheng Yu
  2021-04-15 22:17 ` [PATCH v25 9/9] x86/vdso: Add ENDBR to __vdso_sgx_enter_enclave Yu-cheng Yu
  8 siblings, 0 replies; 10+ messages in thread
From: Yu-cheng Yu @ 2021-04-15 22:17 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: x86, H. Peter Anvin, Thomas Gleixner, Ingo Molnar, linux-kernel,
	linux-doc, linux-mm, linux-arch, linux-api, Arnd Bergmann,
	Andy Lutomirski, Balbir Singh, Borislav Petkov, Cyrill Gorcunov,
	Dave Hansen, Eugene Syromiatnikov, Florian Weimer, H.J. Lu,
	Jann Horn, Jonathan Corbet, Kees Cook, Mike Kravetz, Nadav Amit,
	Oleg Nesterov, Pavel Machek, Peter Zijlstra, Randy Dunlap,
	Ravi V. Shankar, Vedvyas Shanbhogue, Dave Martin, Weijiang Yang,
	Pengfei Xu, Haitao Huang
  Cc: Yu-cheng Yu

From: "H.J. Lu" <hjl.tools@gmail.com>

ENDBR is a special new instruction for the Indirect Branch Tracking (IBT)
component of CET.  IBT prevents attacks by ensuring that (most) indirect
branches and function calls may only land at ENDBR instructions.  Branches
that don't follow the rules will result in control flow (#CF) exceptions.

ENDBR is a noop when IBT is unsupported or disabled.  Most ENDBR
instructions are inserted automatically by the compiler, but branch
targets written in assembly must have ENDBR added manually.

Add that to __kernel_vsyscall entry point.

Signed-off-by: H.J. Lu <hjl.tools@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Yu-cheng Yu <yu-cheng.yu@intel.com>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
---
 arch/x86/entry/vdso/vdso32/system_call.S | 2 ++
 1 file changed, 2 insertions(+)

diff --git a/arch/x86/entry/vdso/vdso32/system_call.S b/arch/x86/entry/vdso/vdso32/system_call.S
index de1fff7188aa..7793dc221726 100644
--- a/arch/x86/entry/vdso/vdso32/system_call.S
+++ b/arch/x86/entry/vdso/vdso32/system_call.S
@@ -7,6 +7,7 @@
 #include <asm/dwarf2.h>
 #include <asm/cpufeatures.h>
 #include <asm/alternative-asm.h>
+#include <asm/vdso.h>
 
 	.text
 	.globl __kernel_vsyscall
@@ -14,6 +15,7 @@
 	ALIGN
 __kernel_vsyscall:
 	CFI_STARTPROC
+	ENDBR32
 	/*
 	 * Reshuffle regs so that all of any of the entry instructions
 	 * will preserve enough state.
-- 
2.21.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 10+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v25 9/9] x86/vdso: Add ENDBR to __vdso_sgx_enter_enclave
  2021-04-15 22:17 [PATCH v25 0/9] Control-flow Enforcement: Indirect Branch Tracking Yu-cheng Yu
                   ` (7 preceding siblings ...)
  2021-04-15 22:17 ` [PATCH v25 8/9] x86/vdso/32: Add ENDBR to __kernel_vsyscall entry point Yu-cheng Yu
@ 2021-04-15 22:17 ` Yu-cheng Yu
  8 siblings, 0 replies; 10+ messages in thread
From: Yu-cheng Yu @ 2021-04-15 22:17 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: x86, H. Peter Anvin, Thomas Gleixner, Ingo Molnar, linux-kernel,
	linux-doc, linux-mm, linux-arch, linux-api, Arnd Bergmann,
	Andy Lutomirski, Balbir Singh, Borislav Petkov, Cyrill Gorcunov,
	Dave Hansen, Eugene Syromiatnikov, Florian Weimer, H.J. Lu,
	Jann Horn, Jonathan Corbet, Kees Cook, Mike Kravetz, Nadav Amit,
	Oleg Nesterov, Pavel Machek, Peter Zijlstra, Randy Dunlap,
	Ravi V. Shankar, Vedvyas Shanbhogue, Dave Martin, Weijiang Yang,
	Pengfei Xu, Haitao Huang
  Cc: Yu-cheng Yu, Jarkko Sakkinen

ENDBR is a special new instruction for the Indirect Branch Tracking (IBT)
component of CET.  IBT prevents attacks by ensuring that (most) indirect
branches and function calls may only land at ENDBR instructions.  Branches
that don't follow the rules will result in control flow (#CF) exceptions.

ENDBR is a noop when IBT is unsupported or disabled.  Most ENDBR
instructions are inserted automatically by the compiler, but branch
targets written in assembly must have ENDBR added manually.

Add ENDBR to __vdso_sgx_enter_enclave() branch targets.

Signed-off-by: Yu-cheng Yu <yu-cheng.yu@intel.com>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Jarkko Sakkinen <jarkko@kernel.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
---
 arch/x86/entry/vdso/vsgx.S | 4 ++++
 1 file changed, 4 insertions(+)

diff --git a/arch/x86/entry/vdso/vsgx.S b/arch/x86/entry/vdso/vsgx.S
index 86a0e94f68df..f3ebd38d1898 100644
--- a/arch/x86/entry/vdso/vsgx.S
+++ b/arch/x86/entry/vdso/vsgx.S
@@ -4,6 +4,7 @@
 #include <asm/export.h>
 #include <asm/errno.h>
 #include <asm/enclu.h>
+#include <asm/vdso.h>
 
 #include "extable.h"
 
@@ -27,6 +28,7 @@
 SYM_FUNC_START(__vdso_sgx_enter_enclave)
 	/* Prolog */
 	.cfi_startproc
+	ENDBR64
 	push	%rbp
 	.cfi_adjust_cfa_offset	8
 	.cfi_rel_offset		%rbp, 0
@@ -62,6 +64,7 @@ SYM_FUNC_START(__vdso_sgx_enter_enclave)
 .Lasync_exit_pointer:
 .Lenclu_eenter_eresume:
 	enclu
+	ENDBR64
 
 	/* EEXIT jumps here unless the enclave is doing something fancy. */
 	mov	SGX_ENCLAVE_OFFSET_OF_RUN(%rbp), %rbx
@@ -91,6 +94,7 @@ SYM_FUNC_START(__vdso_sgx_enter_enclave)
 	jmp	.Lout
 
 .Lhandle_exception:
+	ENDBR64
 	mov	SGX_ENCLAVE_OFFSET_OF_RUN(%rbp), %rbx
 
 	/* Set the exception info. */
-- 
2.21.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 10+ messages in thread

end of thread, back to index

Thread overview: 10+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
-- links below jump to the message on this page --
2021-04-15 22:17 [PATCH v25 0/9] Control-flow Enforcement: Indirect Branch Tracking Yu-cheng Yu
2021-04-15 22:17 ` [PATCH v25 1/9] x86/cet/ibt: Add Kconfig option for " Yu-cheng Yu
2021-04-15 22:17 ` [PATCH v25 2/9] x86/cet/ibt: Add user-mode Indirect Branch Tracking support Yu-cheng Yu
2021-04-15 22:17 ` [PATCH v25 3/9] x86/cet/ibt: Handle signals for Indirect Branch Tracking Yu-cheng Yu
2021-04-15 22:17 ` [PATCH v25 4/9] x86/cet/ibt: Update ELF header parsing " Yu-cheng Yu
2021-04-15 22:17 ` [PATCH v25 5/9] x86/cet/ibt: Update arch_prctl functions " Yu-cheng Yu
2021-04-15 22:17 ` [PATCH v25 6/9] x86/vdso: Insert endbr32/endbr64 to vDSO Yu-cheng Yu
2021-04-15 22:17 ` [PATCH v25 7/9] x86/vdso: Introduce ENDBR macro Yu-cheng Yu
2021-04-15 22:17 ` [PATCH v25 8/9] x86/vdso/32: Add ENDBR to __kernel_vsyscall entry point Yu-cheng Yu
2021-04-15 22:17 ` [PATCH v25 9/9] x86/vdso: Add ENDBR to __vdso_sgx_enter_enclave Yu-cheng Yu

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