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From: Mohamed Mediouni <mohamed.mediouni@caramail.com>
To: Alexander Graf <graf@amazon.com>
Cc: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com>,
	Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>,
	Hector Martin <marcan@marcan.st>,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, Marc Zyngier <maz@kernel.org>,
	Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>,
	linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org,
	Stan Skowronek <stan@corellium.com>
Subject: Re: [RFC PATCH 3/7] arm64: mm: use nGnRnE instead of nGnRE on Apple processors
Date: Wed, 20 Jan 2021 19:06:48 +0100
Message-ID: <17579DC5-13AF-48E1-9B72-91B14AB485FA@caramail.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <ce5692a9-e716-514a-f196-b0645bb03eb8@amazon.com>



> On 20 Jan 2021, at 17:47, Alexander Graf <graf@amazon.com> wrote:
> 
> On 20.01.21 14:27, Mohamed Mediouni wrote:
>> Use nGnRnE instead of nGnRE on Apple SoCs to workaround a serious hardware quirk.
>> On Apple processors, writes using the nGnRE device memory type get dropped in flight,
>> getting to nowhere.
>> Signed-off-by: Stan Skowronek <stan@corellium.com>
>> Signed-off-by: Mohamed Mediouni <mohamed.mediouni@caramail.com>
>> ---
>>  arch/arm64/mm/proc.S | 26 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>>  1 file changed, 26 insertions(+)
>> diff --git a/arch/arm64/mm/proc.S b/arch/arm64/mm/proc.S
>> index 1f7ee8c8b7b8..06436916f137 100644
>> --- a/arch/arm64/mm/proc.S
>> +++ b/arch/arm64/mm/proc.S
>> @@ -51,6 +51,25 @@
>>  #define TCR_KASAN_HW_FLAGS 0
>>  #endif
>> +#ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_APPLE
> 
> Is there any particular reason for this #ifdef?
> 
> 
> Alex
> 
Not a particular reason, as we explicitly check for the implementer ID. However,
without CONFIG_ARCH_APPLE, other parts of the support for Apple CPUs
will not be available anyway.
>> +
>> +/*
>> + * Apple cores appear to black-hole writes done with nGnRE.
>> + * We settled on a work-around that uses MAIR vs changing every single user of
>> + * nGnRE across the arm64 code.
>> + */
>> +
>> +#define MAIR_EL1_SET_APPLE						\
>> +	(MAIR_ATTRIDX(MAIR_ATTR_DEVICE_nGnRnE, MT_DEVICE_nGnRnE) |	\
>> +	 MAIR_ATTRIDX(MAIR_ATTR_DEVICE_nGnRnE, MT_DEVICE_nGnRE) |	\
>> +	 MAIR_ATTRIDX(MAIR_ATTR_DEVICE_GRE, MT_DEVICE_GRE) |		\
>> +	 MAIR_ATTRIDX(MAIR_ATTR_NORMAL_NC, MT_NORMAL_NC) |		\
>> +	 MAIR_ATTRIDX(MAIR_ATTR_NORMAL, MT_NORMAL) |			\
>> +	 MAIR_ATTRIDX(MAIR_ATTR_NORMAL_WT, MT_NORMAL_WT) |		\
>> +	 MAIR_ATTRIDX(MAIR_ATTR_NORMAL, MT_NORMAL_TAGGED))
>> +
>> +#endif
>> +
>>  /*
>>   * Default MAIR_EL1. MT_NORMAL_TAGGED is initially mapped as Normal memory and
>>   * changed during __cpu_setup to Normal Tagged if the system supports MTE.
>> @@ -432,6 +451,13 @@ SYM_FUNC_START(__cpu_setup)
>>  	 * Memory region attributes
>>  	 */
>>  	mov_q	x5, MAIR_EL1_SET
>> +#ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_APPLE
>> +	mrs	x0, MIDR_EL1
>> +	lsr	w0, w0, #24
>> +	mov_q	x1, MAIR_EL1_SET_APPLE
>> +	cmp	x0, #0x61			// 0x61 = Implementer: Apple
>> +	csel	x5, x1, x5, eq
>> +#endif
>>  #ifdef CONFIG_ARM64_MTE
>>  	mte_tcr	.req	x20
>> --
>> 2.29.2
> 
> 
> 
> 
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Thread overview: 55+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-01-20 13:27 [RFC PATCH 0/7] Linux on Apple Silicon Mohamed Mediouni
2021-01-20 13:27 ` [RFC PATCH 1/7] arm64: kernel: FIQ support Mohamed Mediouni
2021-01-20 13:27 ` [RFC PATCH 2/7] arm64: kernel: Add a WFI hook Mohamed Mediouni
2021-01-20 16:46   ` Alexander Graf
     [not found]     ` <94C20F55-D3B8-4349-B26F-9EA8AAEBF639@caramail.com>
2021-01-21 12:33       ` Hector Martin 'marcan'
2021-01-21 10:52   ` Arnd Bergmann
2021-01-21 11:01     ` Mohamed Mediouni
2021-01-21 11:36       ` Arnd Bergmann
2021-01-20 13:27 ` [RFC PATCH 3/7] arm64: mm: use nGnRnE instead of nGnRE on Apple processors Mohamed Mediouni
2021-01-20 16:47   ` Alexander Graf
2021-01-20 18:06     ` Mohamed Mediouni [this message]
2021-01-20 18:10       ` Alexander Graf
2021-01-21 11:27   ` Will Deacon
2021-01-21 11:38     ` Arnd Bergmann
2021-01-21 11:44     ` Marc Zyngier
2021-01-21 12:47       ` Will Deacon
2021-01-21 15:12         ` Mohamed Mediouni
2021-01-21 16:25           ` Marc Zyngier
2021-01-21 17:55             ` Will Deacon
2021-01-21 18:15               ` Marc Zyngier
2021-01-21 18:22                 ` Mohamed Mediouni
2021-01-21 18:22                 ` Will Deacon
2021-01-20 13:27 ` [RFC PATCH 4/7] irqchip/apple-aic: Add support for Apple AIC Mohamed Mediouni
2021-01-20 17:11   ` Alexander Graf
2021-01-20 18:04     ` Mohamed Mediouni
2021-01-20 20:16       ` Andrew Lunn
2021-01-20 21:18   ` Stan Skowronek
2021-01-21  9:48   ` Linus Walleij
2021-01-21 10:37     ` Arnd Bergmann
2021-01-21 15:29       ` Hector Martin 'marcan'
2021-01-21 17:09         ` Rob Herring
2021-01-21 17:45       ` Rob Herring
2021-01-21 16:44     ` Rob Herring
2021-01-21 16:53   ` Hector Martin 'marcan'
2021-01-20 13:27 ` [RFC PATCH 5/7] arm64/Kconfig: Add Apple Silicon SoC platform Mohamed Mediouni
2021-01-20 13:27 ` [RFC PATCH 6/7] arm64: kernel: Apple CPU start driver Mohamed Mediouni
2021-01-21 11:14   ` Arnd Bergmann
2021-01-20 13:27 ` [RFC PATCH 7/7] irqchip/apple-aic: add SMP support to the Apple AIC driver Mohamed Mediouni
2021-01-21 12:44   ` Arnd Bergmann
2021-01-21 12:50     ` Mohamed Mediouni
2021-01-21 13:00       ` Arnd Bergmann
2021-01-21 13:01         ` Hector Martin 'marcan'
2021-01-21 13:22       ` Marc Zyngier
2021-01-21 13:32         ` Mark Rutland
2021-01-21 14:05           ` Marc Zyngier
2021-01-21 13:34         ` Mohamed Mediouni
2021-01-21 14:10           ` Marc Zyngier
2021-01-21 15:09             ` Arnd Bergmann
2021-01-21 15:18               ` Mohamed Mediouni
2021-01-21 16:40       ` Rob Herring
2021-01-21 16:43         ` Mohamed Mediouni
2021-01-21 17:37           ` Rob Herring
2021-01-21 18:08             ` Mohamed Mediouni
2021-01-21 18:57               ` Rob Herring
2021-02-02 19:15   ` Linus Walleij

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